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Vnbliehtrs to the KnitotrsUg, 



This Book was originally intended for the people of Strathblane alone. It 
is thus mainly local, and there are many things recorded in it which can 
interest only a Strathblane man. It has grown to its present size very much 
through the abounding kindness of my friends in the parish. Every heritor 
has opened his charter chest to me, and every old inhabitant has ransacked 
his or her memory at my call. Ample local materials, documentary and oral, 
have thus been given to me, and it would be very ungrateful if I did not here 
record my hearty thanks to my fellow-parishioners. 

I have to thank, too, my friends outside of the parish who have 
given me aid. They are too many to enumerate here, but I am particularly 
indebted to Mr. Thomas Dickson, LL.D., of H.M. Register House, Edinburgh, 
for much valuable advice and help; to Mr. Robert Renwick, Depute Town 
Clerk of Glasgow, for his ready and skilful aid in deciphering old documents; 
and to Mr. David Murray, M.A., of Glasgow, for many friendly acts. Mrs. 
Robert MacLehose has given me much help in going over my proof sheets, 
and to her also I tender my thanks. 

Appendix I. is the work of my daughters, who have taken much pains with 
it, and have been very successful in reading off half, or often nearly wholly, 
effaced inscriptions. They have made this part of the book, I venture to 
say, as perfect as possible. I hope that this record of Strathblane Churchyard 
may be imitated in other parishes, for there is no doubt that much valuable family 
history is slowly decaying away among the weeds and mosses of many a 
neglected churchyard. 


Sir Charles E. F. Stirling of Glorat has kindly lent me three woodcuts, 
and Mr. Bams-<}raham of Craigallian, one, and the late Mr. Graeme R. Mercer 
of Gorthy the block from which the arms of Graham of Gorthy are engraved 
The pictures were painted in black and white by Mr. Frederick Alsop of 
Miliigavie, with the exception of that of the Blanefield Works, which is from 
a photograph by Mr. John Coubrough. All have been platinotyped by Mr. 
William Mansfield of St, Mary Cray, Kent Mr. J. M. Comer of Edinburgh 
has engraved in wood the seals, etc, and has made good work, as he always 

The heraldic device on page xii and on the cover was designed by my 
friend, Mr. Harry A. Mitchell, and executed by Mr. David Cunninghame of 
Glasgow. It contains the shields of the old Strathblane families of Stirling of 
Craigbamet and Kirklands; Buchanan of Buchanan and Ballewan; Douglas 
of Mams and Arlehaven \ Graham of Montrose and Mugdock ; Edmon- 
stone of Duntreath; and Cunninghame of Drumquhassle, Blairquhosh, and 
Easter Mugdock ; surmounted by that of the ancient Earl of Lennox, the over- 
lord of the district. 


Mugdock Castl£, 
Strathblane, \oth December^ 1886. 



Situation and Extent of Strathblane — Name of the Parish — Cymric History — King 
Arthur — Battle of Arddunion or Ardennan — Battle of Maesydawc or Mugdock — 
The Earldom of Lennox, page i 


The Barony and Lands of Mugdock — Its Manor Place— The Grahams of Mugdock 
and Montrose — The Campbells in Mugdock — The Restoration of Mugdock to 
the Grahams — Other Families in Mugdock — The Feuing Out of the Barony of 
Mugdock — Auchengillan — The Provans— The Aitkens — Carbeth Guthrie — The 
Smiths and other Owners — Garvel — Craigallian — The Colquhcuns — The Brysons 
— ^The Barns-Grahams of Lymekilns — Craigend — The Smiths — The Buchanans — 
The Three Touns of Easter Mugdock — Mugdock Families — Leddriegreen — The 
Craigs — ^The Craigs of Colbeg — The Robisons and Jamesons — The Woodend of 
Mugdock — The Weirs, ii 


The Barony and Lands of Duntreath — Duntreath Proper — Arlehaven — The Douglases 
of Mains — The Lyles — Dungoiach — Blairgar — Ballewan Edmonstone — Cult 
Edmonstone — The Foyers — Blairquhosh — The Cunninghames of Drumquhassle 
— The Buchanans of Carbeth — The Duncans — Spittal of Ballewan — The 
Edmonstones of Broich and Spittal — Corriedale— Carbeth— DunmuUin — The 
Edmonstones of Duntreath, 72 


The Kirklands of Strathblane— The Stirlings of Craigbamet and Kirklands— The 
Stirlings of Glorat and Kirklands — The Stirlings of Law and Kirklands — 
Ballagan — The Stirlings of Ballagan— The Grahams of Ballagan, - - 126 




Ballewan — The Buchanans of Ballewan — The Lennoxes of Ballewan — The Craigs of 
Ballewan — The Grahams of Ballewan, - • page 157 


The Early Ecclesiastical History of Strathblane— The Hospital of Polmadie — The 
Prebend of Strathblane in the Cathedral of Glasgow — The Collegiate Church 
of Dumbarton— The Provosts of the Collegiate Church of Dumbarton — The 
Vicars of Strathblane, 166 


The Ecclesiastical History of Strathblane after the Reformation — The Protestant 
Ministers of Strathblane, 196 


The Churches of Strathblane — The Earliest Known — The Second — The Third and its 
Building — The Services and Congregation of Strathblane Church — Memorial 
Windows and Mural Tablets in the Church — The Churchyard, - • 229 


The School of Strathblane— The Schoolmasters— Incidents in School Life in Strath- 
blane, ---• 239 


The Industries of Strathblane — Meal Mills — Weaving — Waulk Mills — Bleach- 
fields — Inkle Factory — Block Printing — Blanefield— Flock Mill — Distilleries — 
Smuggling, 246 


Old and New Strathblane — Old and New Houses — Old and New Roads— Other 
Changes in the Parish — Black Mail — Progress of the Parish in the Present 
Century, 250 


Appendix I. 

Strathblane Churchyard in 1886 — A Complete List of the Tombstones and Inscriptions 
thereon, page 269 

Appendix II. 
Barony of Mugdock — The Reddendo in the Mugdock Feus, - - - - 304 

Appendix III. 

Barony of Duntreath — Charter by Isabella, Duchess of Albany and Countess of Lennox, 
of the Lands of Duntreath and others to William of Edmonstone and Matilda 
Stewart, his Spouse, 15th February, 1445 — The Sheep Farm of Letter — The 
Burial Place of the Princess Mary in the Church of Strathblane —The Stirling- 
shire Election of 1821, 306 

Appendix IV. 

The Kirklands of Strathblane — Rental of the Kirklands before 1 681— Rental of the 
Kirklands, 1726 — Ane Inventar of the Plenishing within Craigbamet, 1667 — 
Deed of Gift by my Lord Governor Albany of Lands, Annuals, etc., to William 
Stirling of Glorat, 4th March, 15 16- 17 — Gift of a Beidmanship in the Collegiate 
Church of Dumbarton by George Stirling of Glorat to Robert Makcadam, 26th 
May, 1539 — Notarial Instrument following thereon— Gift of Two Beidmanships 
in the Collegiate Church of Dumbarton by John Stirling of Glorat to William 
Stirling, his natural Son, nth February, 1627, 315 

Appendix V. 
Ballewan — The Boundaries of the Lands of Quylt or Cult in 1 570, - 322 

Appendix VI. 

The Early Ecclesiastical History of Strathblane— Deed of Gift by the Bailies and 
others of the Burgh of Dumbarton, of the Chapel of the Blessed Virgin Mary 
to the Lady Isabella, Duchess of Albany and Countess of Lennox, nth May, 
1453 — Ladyton, in the Parish of Bonhill— Revenues of the Provostry of Dimibarton 
—The Installation of Master James Stewart, Provost of the Collegiate Church of 
Dumbarton — Protest by Master Robert Maxwell, Provost of the Collegiate 
Church of Dumbarton, against the Dilapidations of his Predecessor, - 324 

Appendix VII. 

Protestant Ministers of Strathblane — The Session Records of Strathblane — '* The New 
Psalmes'* of 1650— The Election of Parish Minister in 1886, - - 329 



Appendix VIII. 
Localities and Teinds of Strathblane, page 340 

Appendix IX. 
Valuation Rolls of Strathblane— 169 i—i 831— 1885, 345 

Appendix X. 
Strathblane— Place Names, and Surnames, 348 

Appendix XL 
Strathblane Institutions, 1886, 353 

Appendix XII. 

Miscellanea — Population of the Parish — Strathblane Meteorology — Inundations — 
Earthquake — Heights above the Sea of Places in Strathblane — Farm Products 
and Cattle in Strathblane in 1796, 1841, 1886 — Parochial Events while this Work 
is passing through the Press, 357 


I. N!ames of Persons, 365 

IL Names of Places, 390 

III. Miscellanea, - - 392 


IN platinotype. 


I. Mugdock Castle— The Old South- West Tower, - - - - Frontispiece, 
IL Mugdock Castle, as restored, to facets 

III. Carbeth Guthrie, from the South, 41 

IV. Craigallian, from the South- West, 47 

V. Craig;end Castle, 52 

VI. Leddriegreen, - 65 

VI I. Duntreath Castle, 72 

VIII. The Meikle Tree of Blairquhosh, 92 

IX. A View in the Kirklands, 137 

X. Ballagan, 149 

XL Ballewan, . . . 1^7 

XI I. The Manse of Strathblane, - 224 

XIII. The Church of Strathblane, 229 

XIV. Blanefield Printwork, from the West, 248 

XV. The Last of the Old Clachan of Carbeth, 253 



1. Seal of Malcolm, Earl of Lennox, 1292, page 11 

2. Seal of Sir Patrick Graham, 1292, 13 

3. Seal of William, 2nd Earl of Montrose, 1 541, 15 

4. Ruins of North Tower of Mugdock, 17 

5. The Archery Medal of Mungo Graham of Gorthy, 1687, . - - - 24 

6. Stone found among the ruins of Old Mugdock, 27 

7. The Window over the Door at Mugdock, 34 

8. Seal of William Smith of Carbeth Guthrie, 45 

9. Armorial Bearings of Barns-Graham of Craigallian, 51 

la Seal of John Smith of Craigend, 53 

11. Seal of Archibald Smith of Jordanhill, 56 

12. Armorial Bearings of Buchanan of Craigend and Dunburgh, ... ^9 

13. Seal of Nicholas Douglas of Mains, 1392, .~ ..... . 76 

14. Armorial Bearings of Douglas of Mains, as now in use, .... 76 

15. Armorial Bearings of Buchanan of Carbeth, 91 

16. Seal of Sir William Edmonstone, 2nd of Duntreath, 1470, .... 106 

17. Seal of Isabella, Duchess of Albany, Countess of Lennox, 1445, - - 107 

18. Mural Tablet at Duntreath, with the Armorial Bearings of Sir James 

Edmonstone, c. 1600, - - - - 115 

19. Seal of Sir Archibald Edmonstone, nth of Duntreath, - - - - 123 

20. Seal of Sir William Edmonstone, 14th of Duntreath, - - • - 124 

21. Seal of Geoige Stirling, younger of Craigbamet, 1502, - - - - 132 

22. The Armorial Bearings of Stirling of Craigbamet, as registered in the Lyon 

Office, -- 139 

23. The Livery Button of John Stirling, 12th of Craigbamet,- ... i^ 

24. The Armorial Bearings of the Stirlings of Glorat, 147 

25. Seal of Walter Stirling of Ballagan, 1535, * - 151 

26. Rev. John Cochran's Tombstone, 210 

27. Tombstone of — MTarlan, Spouse of Master David Elphinstone, • - 212 

28. Mural Tablet on S.E. comer of the New House at Mugdock, - - 255 

29. Tombstone, with a Shield, Buchanan and Graham impaled, - - 290 
3a Tombstone, with a Shield, Macfarlan and Cunninghame impaled, - - 294 


Old Strathblane, 256 

Strathblane in 1886, 256 

Plan of Strathblane Churchyard, including new Burying Ground, - • - 268 








The Parish of Strathblane is part of the old Earldom of Lennox, and though 
now in Stirlingshire, was originally, along with Buchanan or Inchcalleoch, Drymen, 
Balfron, Fintry, Killeam, and Campsie, in Dumbartonshire. 

At an early date, however, these seven parishes were transferred to Stirlingshire, 
and remained part of it till 1503, when by Act of Parliament it was enacted that they 
" be of the Sherrifdome of Dumbartan." ^ 

This arrangement in favour of Dumbartonshire did not last long, for in 1509 a 
second Act of Parliament restored the seven Lennox parishes to Stirlingshire. 

But though in Stirlingshire, Strathblane and the other six parishes continued to 
have a certain connection with Dumbartonshire, and when troops were raised and 
money required for warlike operations the men of " the Sevin Kirkis of Striuilingshyre 
that is within Lennox " were always treated like their Dumbartonshire neighbours, 
and not like the other Stirlingshire parishes. Thus in 1569, when the Gastle of Dum- 
barton was held against the King by " Johnne Lord Flemyng and his complices, 
rebellis," the landed men inhabitants of the Sheriffdoms of Renfrew, Dumbarton, 
and the " Sevin Parrochynnis of the Lennox that is within Strivelingschyre " were 
summoned to assist at the siege.^ 

In the same year, when there was a gathering of troops for certain operations in 
the south country, the " fensabill personnis " within the Sheriffdom of Stirling, " the 
Sevin Kirkis within the Lennox except," were summoned.^ 

On the lolh June, 1573, a force under the Earl of Argyle, consisting of the 
men of the Nether Ward of Clydesdale, of Dumbartonshire, " the Sevin Kirkis of 
Strivelingschyre quhilkis ar in the Levenax," and of other districts in the West of 
Scotland, were convened to compel Lord Semple to restore to Lord Claud Hamilton 

* Act Par. Jac. iv. 1503. ' Reg. Priv. Council, vol. ii. p. 12. 

' Reg. Priv. Council, vol. ii. p. 19. 



his Commendatory of Paisley,^ and other instances of this Dumbartonshire con- 
nection could be shown. 

In 1639 an attempt was made to have the seven parishes restored to Dum- 
bartonshire, and after sundry preliminaries " An Act in favour of Dumbartanschyir " 
was prepared and read in Parliament, 13th November, 1641.* This Act narrated 
that *' the Sherifdom of Dumbartane hes beine ancient and of ane Lairg extent 
Consisting of Fowrteine paroche Kirkis Qll of lait that Sevine Kirkis thereof viz 
Inchcalleoch (now callit Buchanan) Dryman, Balfrone Fintrie Killeme Straithblane 
and Campsy ar withdrawine therefra and the Inhabitantis of the saidis Parochines 
urgit and compellit to answer in the Sherefe Courtes and in the Justice Aires of 
Sterviling," .... that **the Sex parochines Querof Dumbartaneschyr now 
Consistis (Being for the maist part vassellis and Tennentis to the Duke of Lenox 
and uther nobilmen) ar not abill to send out Commissioneris to Parliament, con- 
ventiounes and upon publict meitingis Thair being onlie nyne frie halders* and 
vassellis to the Kingis Majestie tharin and all of thame (except one) of small and 
meine estatis Quherby they ar forced to elect Sherefes that ar not vassellis to the 
Kingis Majestie," and it ends by declaring "that in all tyme comeing the said 
Sevine parochines of Inchecalleoche or Buchanane, Drymen Balfrone Fintrie 
Killeme Strablaine and Campsie and all fra tharin west ar and sail be of 
the Sherefdom of Dumbartane baith in Sheriff Cowrtes, Justice Aires and all 
other dewtees." 

This Act, however, never became law, as the Earl of Mar, who was Sheriff of 
Stirlingshire, used his influence so effectually that the King declined to sanction it, 
and Strathblane and the other six Lennox parishes remained without further 
question in Stirlingshire. 

The Parish of Strathblane is bounded on the north and west by the Parish of 
Killeam, on the south by East or New Kilpatrick and Baldernock, and on the east 
by Campsie. Its length from east to west is about 5 miles, its breadth from north 
to south about 4 miles, and its area is 9,217 imperial acres. 

Strathblane is composed of a strath on both sides of the Blane Water, broadening 
as the stream rolls on, with the green Lennox or Strathblane Hills on the north and 
the higher lands of the parish on the south. These lands to the south form a plateau 
of about two miles wide, which rises abruptly from the valley on the one side and 
sinks with an almost equal declivity into the lower-lying lands of East Kilpatrick on 
the other. The Manse, which stands near the village of Edenkill, on the south side 
of the Blane, is 241 feet above the sea. The " EarVs Seat," the highest point on the 

* Reg. Priv. Council, vol. ii. p. 241. ' Act Par. Car. I. 1641. 

• Probably Semple of Fulwood, Bontine of Ardoch, Campbell of Ardentinny, Macfarlane of 
Arrochar, Colquhoun of Balvie, Campbell of Carrick, Douglas of Mains, Colquhoun of Luss, 
Houstoun of that ilk. The lairds of Ardentinny and Carrick for lands in Rosneath, the laird of 
HoQstottn for lands in Kilpatrick. 


north-east side of the parish, rises to the height of 1,895 ^"^^^ ^^^ ^® " Gallow 
Knowe " of Mugdock,i which is the highest ground on the south side, is 585 feet 
above the sea. 

The Blane, a tributary of the Endrick, is the principal stream of the parish. It 
rises in the northeast corner of it, flows nearly due south till it reaches Ballagan, 
whence it runs in a north-westerly direction till it enters the Parish of Killeam, 
receiving in its course the waters of many little burns which empty themselves into 
it from either side. The Allander, the next in importance, a tributary of the Kelvin, 
rises in the Kilpatrick Hills and forms for about three miles the boundary of the 
parish on the south-west, and into it flow all the streams which do not empty them- 
selves into the Blane. 

Strathblane abounds in lochs, nearly 150 acres of its surface being covered with 
water. Loch Ardennan or Ardinning is the largest, and following in order are 
Craigallian, Mugdock, Dumbroch, Carbeth, and Craigmaddie lochs. There are also 
artificial lakes of small size within the policies of Craigend Castle and Carbeth 
Guthrie, and the Deil's Craig dam and two others of smaller size help to feed 
Milndavie Mill 

The other natural features of Strathblane are those usually seen where trap rock 
abounds, and are here very interesting and beautiful. The Strathblane Hills, includ- 
ing Dumgoyne and Dumfoyne, on the north of the strath, while they afford the 
finest pasturage, as is always the case in this geological formation, are broken here 
and there by bold precipices and rocky terraces and well-wooded glens. At the 
eastern end of the valley stands in solitary grandeur Dunglass, a basaltic rock some 
400 feet high, and on the hillside opposite is the fine waterfall — the Spout of 
Ballagan— on either side of which are the " Ballagan beds," dear to geologists from 
the interesting strata they display. About two miles from this point down the Blane 
the wooded hills of Dungoiach and Park Hill — or Court Hill, as it is sometimes 
called — rise abruptly from the plain, and the south side of the strath has also its 
rocky cliffs and wooded terraces and fine basaltic columns, particularly at the Pillar 
Craig on the Craigallian estate. 

The soil in the valley is alluvial and rich, that on the plateau to the south 
is peaty and less fertile. 

The name of the parish — Strathblane — means, of course, the valley of Blane, or 
Blane Valley, but opinions differ as to what " Blane " means. 

The earliest known spellings of the name of the parish are Strathblachan, Strath- 
blathane, Strathblahane, or Strablayan, Strathblane being comparatively modem. 

When the Rev. Mr. Gibb (he was not yet D.D.) wrote his account of Strathblane 
in 1796 for Sir John Sinclair's Statistical Account of Scotland^ he explained that 

* The old name of the high ground just behind Craigend Cartle, and where the gallows of the 
Barony of Mugdock stood. 


" Blane is a contraction of two Ga^elic words signifying Warm River^ The Rev. 
Dr. Hamilton in the New StaiisticcU Account^ and no doubt copying from his prede- 
cessor, gives the same derivation, and adds, " The strath of the Warm River is 
peculiarly descriptive of the valley, which is sheltered in almost every direction from 
the violence of the winds," and writers of gazetteers and other works translate 
the word in the same way, faithfully and unthinkingly copying as their manner is. 

It is true that Blaith-Blaithe signifies in Gaelic warm^ and A- An in the same 
language is water, but as the Blane is neither warmer nor colder than any other 
stream, and as the reverend doctor is rather romancing^ and making his description 
of the place suit the supposed etymology, when he says Strathblane is " sheltered in 
almost every direction from the violence of the winds,'* this translation is senseless, 
and no doubt is incorrect 

St. Blane or St Blaan was a most respectable old Scottish saint educated by St. 
Cathan or St Cattan, his uncle, and he certainly appears in such names as Kilblain 
and perhaps Dunblane. There is a well in the strath called ** Blane's Well," and 
there is also a place in the neighbourhood called " Garcattoun," and this might be 
named after his uncle St Cattan. He was a saint, too, known in the Lennox, and 
had a chapel on tlie lands of Colgrain.^ If it could be shown that he was ever called 
Blachan or Blathan, then there would be no doubt that Strathblane means " The 
valley of St Blane," but unfortunately this cannot be shown. ^ 

St Blaithmaic was a saint of Royal Irish lineage, living in the eighth century. 
By removing the maic, which is simply a term of affection, we arrive at his real 
name, St. Blaith, which might have passed into Blaithan or Blathan, and thence into 
Blane. Blaith is derived from Blath, a flower, and the Latin name of the saint is 
accordingly Florus or Jlorigenius. Life, in St Blaithmaic's days, seems to have 
been very secure in Ireland, and so the saint, who had a great desire for martyrdom, 
came over to Scotland and attained his wishes here. It is possible, though very 
improbable, that Strathblane is named after this worthy man. 

BlatlTa= Flora was the name of several sainted virgins in Irish martyrology, and 
as Irish saints were indefatigable in their efforts to convert Scotland, one of these 
holy sisters may have visited Strathblane, and a grateful populace may have com- 
memorated the event by naming the place " The valley of St Blatha." All that 
need be said of this etymology is that it is a little more unlikely than the last. 

Blaidh-Blaidhean is the same as Bloigh or Blaigh-Blaighean, the dh ox gh being 
. silent in both, thus we have something like some of the old spellings of Strathblane, 
as well as the present sound. 

Blaidh, which is the same as the Cymric Blaen, means, among other things, a 

^ Irving*s Dumbartonshire^ p. 441. 

^ Mr. Walcott in The Ancient Church of Scotland, p. 196, implies that Strathblane was dedicated 
to St. Blane, but this is a mere guess. 


point or extremity. The valley of supposed by many geologists to 

have been the end — towards the east — of Loch Lomond, or of an arm of the sea 

running up in this direction after the water ceased to flow through the valley from 

' the Atlantic to the German Ocean ; and there is a place called Quinloch = Kinloch 

I near Duntreath in the parish where there is no loch now. Kinloch means the 

upper end of a loch. Strathblaidhean or Strathblaighean = Strathblahane or Strath- 
blathan, may thus be the strath at the extremity, /.^., the strath at the end of thf 
loch or sea. 

This etymology, though not thoroughly satisfactory, is perhaps better than the 
old one of " The valley of the Warm River.'* We pass, however, from the subject, 
painfully aware that a difficult and interesting question has not been conclusively 

In the early dawn of history, Strathblane formed part of the province of a 
people called by the Romans the Damnonii or Damnii. They were a Cymric 
branch of the great Celtic race who originally came from the East. Their country 
was called Y Gogledd or the North, and afterwards Cumbria or Strathclyde. Strath- 
blane lies in the part of it called by the natives of Roman times Reged or MureifT, 
the latter a Cymric word cognate with the Latin murus, a wall, and denoting the 
district which lay immediately to the north of the great wall of Antoninus, traces of 
which may still be seen in the neighbouring parish of East or New Kilpa trick. 
Placed thus close to the civilizing influence of the Romans, the inhabitants of 
Strathblane were probably Christian, and doubtless far in advance of the wild Picts, 
their neighbours on the north and east, and the Scots, their neighbours on the 
west — the former a Pagan race ; and it is no great stretch of imagination to 
believe that compared with other parts of Alban, as Scotland was then called, 
Strathclyde, including Strathblane, was, when the Romans Anally departed about 
the beginning of the fifth century, a land of comparative civilization and religion. 
It soon, however, became the battlefield of races, for the Picts and Scots, and the 
Saxons, who afterwards became their neighbours on the east and south, Vere all- 
anxious to displace the Cymry and settle themselves in Cumbria, and the brave old 
warriors of Strathblane no doubt fought against these Pagans, shoulder to shoulder 
with the other men of Strathclyde, and for centuries maintained their independence. 
It was during this struggle for life and lands that the great Cymric hero Arthur 
— " the faultless king" of the poets — first saw. the light. Modern research has 
proved clearly that there was an Arthur, but it has also proved that the King 
Arthur of the Middle Age romances, and of Tennyson and other poets, never 
existed. The real Arthur's history is related by Gildas in the sixth centur)', 
Nennius in the seventh, and sung in the same age by Merlin, the poet of Tweeds- 
. dale, and Llywarch Hen, and Taliesin, "the bright-browed,'* both poets of the 
. eastern part of the Lennox — perhaps of Strathblane. Arthur was no doubt a 


Cymric general or Guledig of Strathclyde, and his celebrated twelve battles were 
fought in or near this district. Kay and Bedivere, Maban, Gerant, and others, 
knights of the fabulous king, were also real Cymric warriors of Tweedsdale, Clydes- 
dale, and the Lennox, fellow-soldiers or followers of the real Arthur.* 

Some of our hero's most important victories were gained near Loch Lomond, and 
the mountain called " Ben Arthur " (better known as the " Cobbler ") at the head of 
Loch Long, was doubtless so named by the victorious Cymric army in honour of 
their great leader. It was when pursuing the flying Pagans, who, however, often 
turned to renew the combat, that traces of Arthur were left in the Strathblane 
district, and the great boulder stone on the hill a little above Craigbamet, near 
which are the remains of old forts and lines of defence, was probably called 
"Clach Arthur," "Arthur's Stone," the name it still bears, to commemorate one 
of his victories. 

But besides Arthur there were other great leaders whose deeds in Strathblane 
are celebrated by the old British poets already mentioned. There was Daronwy, who 
fought, we are told, " between Dineiddyn and Dineiddwg," the former Edinburgh 
and the latter Mugdock,^ and there was Gwallawg, too, of the kingly race of Coel 
Hen, and his brother Cymric kings. Daronwy, it must be admitted, is a very 
shadowy personage, and Taliesin's poem in his honour is all but incomprehensible, 
though it apparently means that he was the hero of victories over the Gwyddel 
Ffichti or Picts at several places, including a spot between Edinburgh and 

Gwallawg, however, is a more substantial hero. He was king of one of the petty 
states into which Cumbria was divided before it was erected into the Kingdom of 
Strathclyde in the year 573 by Rydderch Hael — Roderick the Gracious — the friend 
and patron of the blessed St Mungo. Gwallawg, with his brother Cumbrian kings 
Roderick, Urien and Morcant, have a local interest too, for it was they who 
fought and defeated, about the year 570, Hussa, son of Ida, the Saxon king of 
Bemicia or Northumberland, at " Arddunion," now Ardennan or Ardinning, in 

1 See Arthurian Localities^ J. S. Stuart Glennie ; The Four Ancient Books of IVaics and Cdtic 
Scotland, W. F. Skene ; and History and Poetry of the Scottish Border^ Professor Veitch. 

^ Four Ancient Books of Wales ^ vol. i. p. 270, line 51. Mr. Skene in a note, vol. ii. p. 401, 
says *' Dineidyn is Edinburgh, Dineidwc probably another name for Magedawc or Mugdock." His 
reason for saying so is this — Mugdock appears in two forms, Mocetauc or Magedawc, and Maesy- 
dawc, and as magh is a field or plain in Gaelic, and tnaes the same in Welsh or Cymric, there seems 
to be little doubt as to the meamng of the first syllable. The word probably means the plain or field 
of Edawc. Din is the Cymric form of Dun — a fort, Dineiddwg means therefore the Fort of Eiddwg 
or Edawc, who may have been a Cymric chief, with his castle Dineiddwg or Dinedawc standing in a 
commanding position on his estate Maeseiddwg or Maesedawc. 

' " Contra ilium (Hussa, son of Ida, who reigned 567 to 574) quatuor reges Urbgen et Riderch 
hen (Hael?) et Guallauc et Morcant dimicaverunt — Chronicles of the Scots and Picts ^ pp. xd. and 
12 ; •• A Battle in Arddunion," Book of Taliesin^ xi. See also The Four Ancient Books of fVales, 
vol. i. pp. 249, 337, etc., vol. ii p. 402, and Celtic Scotland, W. F. Skene, vol. i. p. 156. 



One can picture with lictle difficulty the great army of invading Saxons moving 
westward by Kilsyth and Campsie, and gaining confidence as they advanced unop- 
posed into the heart of Cumbria, and one can picture, too, the Cymric kiogs and 
their army awaiting the advancing enemy on their chosen battlefield, with part of 
their forces in the valley to the west of Dunglass and their main body stationed on 
the high plateau around and to the west of Muirhouse. The name of the rock at 
the north-west comer of Loch Ardinning, Catcraig, />. Cadcraig, the " Battle Rock," 
tells plainly that a fierce struggle took place there ; and in 1861, a few hundred 
yards to the east of the Manse, in a cutting for the new railway down the 
strath, an interesting discovery was made of an immense deposit of human and 
horse bones, showing very clearly that there, on the side of the Blane, the final 
stand was made and the battle ended with great slaughter. Probably the 
standmg stone in Strathblane Churchyard and the other great stone near 
Broadgate Farm mark the resting-places of Cymric heroes who did their share 
of the battle on the north side of the valley.^ 

Gwallawg is a very favourite hero of Taliesin, who in his enthusiasm ends one 
of his fine poems thus — 

'* He sees not a hero who saw not Gwallawg." 

Urien also, otherwise Urbgen — the City Bom — the king of Mureiff, who headed 
his Strathblane subjects at the battle of Arddunion, was from his bravery and pure 
Cymric birth equally beloved by the bards of the district. The memory of his 
deeds, therefore, and that of his son Owain have not been lost, and from the poems 
of Taliesin and other sources we leam that between 580 and 587 ^ they fought and 
defeated at a spot in the Lennox called the Wood of Leven,^ Theodoric, the Flame 
Bearer, King of Northumberland, and brother of Hussa, who was vanquished at 
Ardinning, and no doubt the men of Strathblane were again with their king and 
shared his triumph. 

Taliesin sings of the father thus — 

" And because of the affair of Argoed Llwyfain 
There was many a corpse; 
The ravens were red from the warring of men. 

And until I fail in old age, 
In the sore necessity of death, 
May I not be smiling, 
If I praise not Urien." 

^ Towards the end of last century a mound was levelled at Broadgate near this spot, and many 
stone coffins, each containing an urn full of earth and burnt bones, were found — Ure s RuthergUn^ 
p. 223. This is confirmed by local tradition. 

' Celtic Scotland^ W. F. Skene, vol. i. p. 159, and Chronicles of the Scots and Picts^ p. 12. 

• " Gweith Aigoet Llwyfein," »>. " The Batde of Leven Wood." 


And of the son, who was killed in the battle, he says — 

" The soul of Owain, son of Urien. May the LfOrd consider its need. 
The Chief of Reged, the heavy sward conceals him. His knowledge was not shallow ; 
A low cell contains the renowned protector of bards, the wings of dawn were the flowing of 

his lances. 
For there will not be found a match for the chief of the glittering WesL 
The reaper of the tenacious foes. The offspring of his father and grandfather. 
When Flamdwyn killed Owain, there was not one greater than he sleeping." ^ 

For nearly two centuries after the battles of Ardinning and the Wood of Leven 
nothing specially local can be gleaned from the misty records of those early times, 
but in the year 750 another rift in the clouds opens and displays a second great 
battle being fought in the parish of Strathblane. 

This was the important battle of Maesydawc or Mugdock, where Teudwr, King 
of Strathclyde, defeated and slew Talargan, King of the Picts, and thereby pro- 
longed for several generations the Cymric Kingdom of Strathclyde.* 

The field of this battle can be traced with but little difficulty. The Cymric 
army was posted on the high ground on Craigallian — then part of Mugdock — above 
and to the east and west of the Pillar Craig, with outposts stationed on the lower 
plateau to the north, and there awaited the Picts, who came up Strathblane valley 
through Killeam from the north on their way to the interior of Cumbria. Near the 
top of the Cult Brae, in a line with the Pillar Craig, there is a rock still called Cat- 
craig, />., Cadcraig, meaning the " Battle Rock," and in their efforts to dislodge 
the Cymric army, whom they could not leave in their rear to fall upon them when 
they had passed, the Picts doubtless had penetrated thus far and here the battle 
began. It was continued all over Blair or Blairs Hill, />., the " Hill of Battle " — the 
rising ground on Carbeth Guthrie which commands the valley of the Blane — and 
AUereoch or Alreoch, />., the ** King's Rock," was certainly so named from being 
the place where King Talargan fell when the defeated Picts were being driven back 
to the north-west The standing stones to the south-east of Dungoyach probably 
mark the burial place of Cymric or Pictish warriors who fell in the bloody battle 
of Mugdock.' 

^ Book of Taliesin xxxv. and xliv. Four Ancient Books of Wales^ vol. i. p. 366. Ballewan, 
the house of Owain or Ewen, may take its name from being the residence in Strathblane of 
this ancient hero. 

' '* Helium inter Pictos et Brittones, id est gueith Mocetauc, et rex eorum Talargan a 
Brittonibus occiditur" An. T^o—Historia Brittonum. " In this year (750) was the fighting 
between the Kritons and the Picts which was called Gweith Mecgetawc (or Maesydawc) and 
in it was slain Talarpn, King of the Picts " The Welsh Bruts, 750. "Helium Catohic inter 
Pictones et Hrittones m quo cecidit Talorgan Mac Fergussa frater Oengusa — {Annals of Ulster) ; 
Chronicles of the Picts and Scots, pp. 15, 124, 358; Celtic Scotland, W. F. Skene, vol. i. p. 295; 
see also The Four Ancient Books of Wales, vol. i. pp. 104, 180. 

' Major Graham Stirling of Craigbarnet has in his possession a fine stone battle-axe picked 
up on Hlairs Hill, and Mr. John Coubrough of Blanefield has a fragment of a sword found on 
the same place. 



Not only these great battles, but such places in the parish as Carglass, the " Grey 
Fort," Garchell (the modem Carvel) = Caer-choill, the "Wood Fort," names that 
speak of war; the finding of stone and bronze weapons,^ and the discovery of 
human bones at various points in the parish, particularly around the old Cymric 
keep of Dineiddwg, now Mugdock, testify that Stralhblane in early times was the 
frequent battlefield of the rivaf races of old Alban.' 

But the brave old Cymry who had fought so well and so long for their 
kingdom of Strathclyde were not destined to be the ruling race in Scotland. 
About the year 900 Donald, the last of the Cymric or Brython kings, died, and 
Donald, a brother of Constantine King of the Scots, was his successor. He did 
not, however, succeed to a pure Cymric throne, for the Picts and Saxons from 
the north and south-east, as well as Scots, were by this time largely intermingled 
with the native race. Many of the Cymry, especially those of the princely rank, 
had migrated to Wales' and Cornwall, which were inhabited by kindred races, 
and had taken with them the traditions of their great Guledig Arthur and his com- 
panions and successors.* In 945, Edmund King of Wessex was in possession 
of Cumbria, and gave it up to Malcolm King of the Scots on condition that he 
should be "his co-operator both on sea and on land," ^ and though there seems 
to have continued a line of Strathclyde kings for some time longer, they were 
certainly subservient to the King of the Scots.^ The last of them, Eugenius or 
Owen, was probably slain at the Battle of Carham in 1018, and Strathclyde was 
finally merged into Scotia or Scotland in 1034 when Duncan succeeded his 
grandfather Malcolm, son of Kenneth, as King of the united Scottish, Pictish, and 
Cymric thrones. 


Reged or Mureiff, as already shown, was an early name of the district of Strath- 
clyde beyond the wall of Antoninus, but it was also known as the Levenach or 
Leamhainach, a name derived from the Leven, the principal stream of the 
future earhtom, and which was so called from flowing through a dense forest of 
the Leamhan or Elm Tree. 

1 A very fine stone battle-axe was lately dug up at Craigallian, and a bronze weapon was 
turned up near Mugdock Castle in 1882, when a piece of waste land was being reclaimed by 
the author. 

* The remark of the old stone-breaker at Bouden Hill to Mr. Stuart Glennie, when on his tour 
through Arthurian localities in Scotland, applies equally well to Strathblane — ** Tm thinkin* that in 
thae days — aye, it'll be mair nor a thoosan' years ago, — there were here awa jist vawrious wild 
tribes a fechtin' thro* ither." — Arthurian Localities^ p. 51. 

* Scotland umier Her Early Kings ^ Robertson, vol. i. pp. 54, 55. 

'There to be transplanted to new localities and to furnish themes for the Middle Age Cymric 
poets of Wales, Cornwall, and Brittany. 

* Skene's Celtic Scotland^ vol. i. p. 362. • Skene's Celtic Scotland , vol. i. pp. 382, 392. 



The inhabitants were known as the Leanihnaigh, and this name they retained 
till at least 1138, the date of the Battle of the Standard.' 

The extent of the Lennox, for so the district came in time to be called, 
passing from Levenach to Levenax and then to Lenox or Lennox, is very much 
that of the original shire of Dumbarton, which contained, a» we have seen, in 
addition to its present parishes, seven now in Stirlingshire. But perhaps the Lennox 
is more accurately represented by the old Rural Deanery of Lennox, which con- 
tained all the parishes now in the Presbytery of Dumbarton, and in addition 
Kilsyth, Campsie, Kirkintilloch, and Cumbernauld.' 

This great district, from the time it was incorpcxated with the kingdom of 
Scotland in 1034 along with the rest of Strathclyde, was probably, in name at 
least, in the direct possession of the kings of Scotland, but shortly after 11 74 
it was formed by King William the Lion into an Earldom and bestowed on his 
brother Prince David, from whom it passed shortly afterwards into the possession 
of Aluin the first of the old Earls of Lennox.* 

The ancestor of these Earls of Lennox is stated by Douglas in his Peerage to 
have been a certain Arkyll or Arkill, a Saxon Lord who fled from England. 
He was received by Malcolm IIL and granted a large tract of land in the 
counties of Dumbarton and Stirling, which was afterwards erected into the 
Earldom of Lennox in favour of his grandson. This fanciful origin of the 
race has been adopted by other writers of more or less authority, but the " emi- 
nent refugee," has been very effectually disposed of by Mr. Robertson in his 
Scotland under Her Early Kings^^ and Mr. Skene in his Celtic Scotland^ and 
there seems no reason at all to doubt that the first Earl of Lennox was Aluin 
or Alwyn, the Celtic chief of the " Levenani " of the district. 

Land tenure in Scotland was by this time feudalized, and the Earls of Len- 
nox, like other feudal lords, bestowed estates greater or less on the Church and 
on their relatives and followers, for services rendered or to be rendered, either 
spiritual or temporal, and we propose now to give in detail a history of all the 
lands in Strathblane thus granted, from the time they left the Earls of Lennox 
down to the present day. 

' In Abbot Ethelred*s account of the battle, the Levernani (no doubt, as pointed out by Mr. 
Robertson, a clerical error for Levenani) are mentioned as fighting in the third division of the 
army — Levenani being the Latinized form of Leamhnaigh. — Historians of Scotland^ Fordun, vol. 
i. p. 438. 

' Mr. Robertson seents to implv that the Lennox was of even greater extent. He says, 
*'The Lennox . . . seems to have anciently extended in this direction beyond the Forth ; 
for Tullibardine, Auchterarder, and Kincardine are described in old charters as situated in 
Cathair Leveruuhs, Reg, Morav, Cart, orig, 1012. — Scotland ufider Her Early Kings^ vol. ii. p. 
372, note. 

' Celtic Scotland^ Skene, vol. lii. pp. 69, 70. * Vol. ii. pp. 496, 497, note. 

* Celtic Scotland, Skene, vol. lii. pp. 359, 360, 361, and note. 



The Barony of Mugdock' and Easter Mugdock or Mugdock Michell or Mit- 
chell, i.e. Michael or Mitchell's Mugdock,* form a large and important part of 
Strathblane ; and as the Grahams, the owners of it, were for long the principal 
family in the parish, it seems natural and proper to take up first the history of 
their lands and trace as far as the records allow their acquisition and consoli- 
dation, and finally their partition. 

The Grahams of Montrose, so far as can be traced from charters and other 
deeds, first had lands in Strathblane in the time of 
Maldoven, who was Earl of Lennox, ana 1225-70. 
A charter of confirmation to David of Grahame by 
King Alexander III., dated 27th December, 1253,* 
shows that he had received one grant of lands in 
" Stratblathane " from Maldoven, Earl of Lennox, and 
a second from Malcolm, this Earl's son, who died in 

A charter by Malcolm, the succeeding Earl of 
Lennox, son of this Malcolm and grandson of 
Maldoven,* and who was in possession of the earl- 
dom circa 1270-1292, tells us exactly what these lands jBAior halcolm eAULOFUKNox 
were — viz., three quarters of a canicale, Scotice an Fnmfhtt "^^i^imtrtaintiit 
arachor, of the lands of Strathblane, two quarters being ckafttr HBmCeUaium. 

where the church of Strathblane is built and the other being one quarter of the 

' Otherwise — Mocetauc, Mecgelawc, Macsjdawc, Magedawc, Mogadavacros, Mukdavacrosa, 
Mugdok, Mukdow, Mukd<^. Mukdok, Madof, Mugdigr. 

' Every effort has failed lo discover who ihij Michael or Mitchell was. There are no very 
old titles of Easter Mugdock or Mugdock Mitchell extant, r.or can anything be found in the 

C~ lie records. There were no doubt Michaels or Mitchells who Were early connected with the 
nox. Thus there was in the time of Earl Maldoven. Hna 1250, a Michael son of Edolf. 
There was Michael Mackessan loo, who also held lands in the Lennox — Michael, a clerk, and 
others, but tbere is nothing to connect them specially with this part of the Earldom. 
' Quoted from Tki J-mtiox, vol, ii. p. 13. * Cor/, dt Lnvu/ij:, p. 38. 


land of Mogadavacros, now Mugdock. This charter is to Sir Patrick de Grame, 
and there is another at the same time granting him the right of holding a 
court and having a prison ^ for these and other lands in the neighbourhood. 
The charter by Earl Maldoven of the Mogadavacros quarter is not extant so far 
as is known, but the history of the other two quarters is quite clear. They had 
at one time belonged to Feruware Macgilmartine, who, we are told,^ made an 
excambion (or exchange) with consent of the Earl of that half carucate of land 
in Strathblane where the church is built, with its pertinents,^ for certain lands in 
the territory of Dundaf which belonged to Sir David Graham. This second 
acquisition, sanctioned as it was by the Elarl, did not, for some reason or other, 
please Malcolm, the Earl's son. He "took it ill,"^ as his father expresses it, 
and the lands were reconveyed to him, and by him, before 1248, a new charter 
of them was granted ^ to Sir David, and the whole arrangement was again sanc- 
tioned by Earl Maldoven in a charter of confirmation.* 

It is a little difficult to point out where these three quarters of a carucate 
of Strathblane land were situated, or what was their extent The first quarter 
" Unam quarteriam terre de Mogadavacros " was a part of Mugdock, most 
probably where the Castle stood or now stands, including park, wood, loch, 
Gallow Hill, and Craigend of Mugdock. It certainly did not include Easter 
Mugdock, which is the only other Mugdock known, and which was not in the 
Grahams' possession till long afterwards. That the first land of the Grahams 
in Strathblane was where the Castle now stands seems the more likely, as 
there are no charters at Buchanan Castle granting them afterwards any 
further portion of Mugdock, and none are known to exist elsewhere. The 
place is not mentioned again in any charter to them till it is included in 
one by Duncan, Earl of Lennox, in 1423, and then it is simply styled " terre 
de Mukdavacross." ^ 

The other two quarters, " duas quarterias terre ubi ecclesia de Strablahane fun- 
data est," included Leddriegreen, Edenkill, and others. What their extent was is 
doubtful. A carucate or ploughgate of land, Scotice, arachor, is said by most 
authorities to represent 104 acres; others say an arachor contains 160 acres; 
thus the whole land granted to Sir David Graham would be 78, or at the 
most 120 acres. But it must be remembered that a carucate or arachor, while 

^ Cart, de LevenaXj p. 40. ' Charter at Buchanan. 

' *' In bosco et piano in terris culiis et non cultis in daobus lacubus integris in eaclem terra 

* ** Quod dictus Malcolnius moleste tulerit donacionem quam feci dicio David." 

* Charter at Buchanan, and printed in The Lennox^ vol. ii. p. 8. 
« Charter at Buchanan, and printed in The Lennox^ vol. ii. p. 9. 
7 Charter at Buchanan. 


it represented 104 or 160 acres of arable land, represented as well a varying 
quantity of grazing land,' lochs, woodlands, eta 

Certainly in this instance it did, for in the grant of the two quarters where 
the church is built, it is stated that two lochs existed in them, and to take in 
Dumbroch and Craigallian lochs, which are those nearest to the church, and 
seem to be those meant,' would imply an area of land far greater than either 78 or 
120 acres. It is probable, therefore, these first two grants of Strathblane lands 
included besides Mugdock, with its Gallow Knowe or Craigend, the present 
estates of I^ddriegreen, Edenkill, with the pofHes in its neighbourhood, Dum- 
broch, Peitch, and Craigallian, most of these lands being at that time either 
rough grazing or muirs and bogs. But it is unnecessary to discuss further a 
question there is no means of determining. Suffice it to say, as already shown, 
the Grahams had a certain part of Strathblane before 27th December, 1253, and 
they probably had, too, the manor place or Castle of Mugdock, where they had 
their prison and held their courts,' or at least its site where old Dineiddwg 
stood. It is probable Mugdock Castle was built at this time, but it is 
not known for certain. It is known, however, that it existed, whether built 
by the Grahams or not, by 24th August, 1371, for on that date a deed relating 
to the lands of Boclare and some money arrangements 
between Sir Patrick of Grahame and Angus Hawinroyss is 
signed "apud manerium de Mugdok."' 

The third acquisition of lands that the Grahams made 
in Strathblane was in the time of Malcolm, fourth Earl of 
Lennox, between 1270 and 1291. This was the lands of 
Garchebeth or Gartbeth — the modern Carbeth — which along 
with Brengrochan and Kynmannan (Kilmannan) were then dis- ^""^ ckIkah*."'" 
poned by Sir Simon Croc to Patrick de Graham,' and the Prvm fk^'i't^k tf im- 
present estate of Auchengillan was probably part of them, ^^"cJIrcii^*'" 

On the J4th October, 1458, King James 11. erected the Stirlingshire lands 
of the Grahams into the Barony of Mugdock in favour of Patrick, Lord of 
Graham,' and the Strathblane lands in it appear under the names of Kilmannan 
(mis-spelt Kilmoran), Mukdow (Mugdock), and Strablane. The first-named, 
though in Killeam, included Carbeth and Auchengillan; Mugdock included 
the Castle, Park, Gallow Knowe, and Craigend of Mugdock ; and Strathblane 

' Skene's Ce/l/c S^olland, vol. iii. p. 227. Old Slut. Ac€t. ef SiOtland, vol. xii. p. 477. 

' Any of Ihe other lochs row nearer the church are mere modem dams made for the use or 
the mills, and Ardinning belonged to the Kirklands of Strathblane. 

^ Carl, dt Levtiiax, p. 40. * At liuchanan. 

* At Buchanan. ThcK lands had been granted to Simon, son of Robert Croc, by Earl 
Mal'loven of Lennox. 

•AV- .'%. ■ifr., A,D, 1458, 22;ac. II. 



included Leddriegreen, Edenkill with its neighbouring poffles, Dumbroch, 
Peitch, and Craigallian — ^all the lands in Strathblane then in possession of the 
Grahams. Quinloch or Cumlacht, which was afterwards added to the Barony, 
was probably among the lands disponed — Easter Ledlowan, which adjoins it, 
being another — by Buchanan of that ilk in 1460 to Patrick, Lord Graham, in 
excambion for several lands in Buchanan. 

The remaining lands in Strathblane which came, but long afterwards, into the 
hands of the Grahams were those of the " three towns of Easter Mugdock " or 
Easter Mugdock-Michell, a £^^ land. Their history is this: Before 1502 
Margaret Park, one of the co-heiresses of William Park of Park and Mugdock- 
Midhell, married Alexander Cunninghame, son of Andrew Cunninghame of 
Drumquhassle, and part of her portion was three fourths of Mugdock-Michell. 
In 1532 there is a charter by Mathew Earl of Lennox to Cunninghame of 
Drumquhassle, wherein it appears that Drumquhassle had right to three 
fourths of Easter Mugdock-Michell.^ On the 20th October, 1601, John Cun- 
ninghame, heir of John Cunninghame of Drumquhassle, his father, is retoured 
in the Barony of Drumquhassle, and it contained with other lands *' 3 liberatis 
16 soHdates terrarum Antiqui extentis de Eister Mugdok-Michell." ^ 

In 161 9 John Earl of Montrose purchased from John Cunninghame of 
Drumquhassle the lands of Easter Mugdock-Michell, being a ^£'3 16s. land to 
be holden in blench of the Duke of Lennox,^ and so the Grahams held them 
till the then Marquis of Montrose purchased the Dukedom and Regality of 
Lennox in 1702. 

The other one-fourth of Easter Mugdock-Michell was early rn the hands of 
the Stirlings of Craigbarnet, who had acquired it, as shown elsewhere, by the 
marriage of Elizabeth Park, co-heiress of William Park of Park, in Renfrew- 
shire, and Mugdock-Michell in Strathblane, to George Stirling younger of 

In 1 6 13 the Duke of Lennox disponed among other lands to Sir William 
Livingston of Kilsyth, the superiority of this quarter of Easter Mugdock- 
Michell, still the property of Stirling of Craigbarnet, and in 1633 Stirling 
sold it to James Earl of Montrose to be holden of Kilsyth, ward/ and 

^ Charter at Buchanan. * Printed Retours. • Charter at Buchanan. 

♦After the second Marquis of Montrose in 1655 redeemed his lands from the Argylls, to 
whom they had been conveyed soon after the forfeiture of the great Marquis, he had a precept 
of Clare Constat from Sir James Livingston of Kilsyth, of this part of Mugdock-Michell. The 
preamble narrates that "for sa meikle as His Heighnes the Lord Protector of the Common- 
wealth of Ingland, Scotland, and Ireland, and the dominions thereunto belonging by his 
letters of presentation under the testimoniall of the Great Seale, bearing date the 7 day of 
August, 1657 years, makand mentione that foresameikle as the touns and lands of Mugdok- 
Michell lyand within the parochin of Strablen which formcrlic parteaned to the 


the Grahams thus held this quarter of Mugdock- Mich ell till the Duke of 
Montrose acquired the superiority thereof from William third and last Viscount 
of Kilsyth.' 

This acquisition of the whole of Easter Mugdock-Michell in superiority and 
property completed the Montrose estates in Stiathblane. But besides the lands 
they held both in superiority and property, the Grahams held some in 
superiority alone. Thus, that of "Harlhewan" was obtained as a reward for 
loyalty, for among the family papers * is a charter of a number of superiorities 
in the Lennox which belonged to Mathew Earl of Lennox, and then fallen 
by forfeiture into the Queen's hands, granted 
by Queen Mary, " Anno Regni 4to," with con- 
sent of James Earl of Arran, Lord Hamilton, 
Governor of Scotland, in favour of William Earl 
of Montrose, " for his good service in standing 
by the Queen at the field of Stirling, and for 
his guarding the Castle of Stiriing and her 
person." This deed is dated at Linlithgow, mh 
January, 1545- The list is too long for inser- 
tion here, but in it appears, among a number 
of other lands belonging to Alexander Douglas 
of Mains in property, Harlhewan in Strathblane, 
the holding being a penny in name of blench hontbosb. »%. is.r. 

- -i- , , fa Frtm catt of Stalin Laintt CalUction. 

farm if asked onty.^ 

When the Marquis of Montrose bought in 1702 the Regality of the Lennox 
the superiorities of Slairquhosh Cunninghame, also held in blench farm for a 
penny if asked only, and those of Ballewan Buchanan and Ballewan Lennox 
and Cult Craig were included, and he also then became proprietor of the patron- 
age of the provostry and prebendaries of the Collegiate Church of Dumbarton, 
This brought him the superiority, since sold, of what was till lately Stirling of 

deceait James Earll of Montrose, hoklen be him of me the sd. Sir James Livingitone, 
superior of the same, and was fallen in His Heighnes hand and at his ^11 and disposition. By 
reason and through the forrallure of the said deceasl James Earll of Montrose, are now 
redeeme and looial of forcfallure," and in possession of James, son of the deceased Eatl. It 
narrates, too, how His Highness (Oliver Cromwell), unwilling to prejudice Sir James' rights 
as superior, had ordered him 10 infeft the Earl (or Marquis) in the usual way, and this Sir 
James duly did. (Kilsyth Chailers.) 

> Charter at Buchanan. 

'Charter at Buchanan. 

* Harlhewan. — Although the superiorities of Harlhewan, etc., were thus given to the Earl 
of Montrose, they allerwsrds reverted to the Eari of Lennox ivhen on the 4lh October, 1564, 
Queen Mary rescinded the forfeiture of his estates and honours. The superiority of Harl- 
hewan, however, for the second time liecame the properly of the Montrose family nhen the 
Kegality of Lennox was purchased in 1702. 


Craigbamet*s estate in Strathblane, as well as that of Ballagan,^ also sold, the two 
comprehending the Kirklands of Strathblane. The patronage of the church 
of Strathblane and the right to the teinds were also part of the patrimony of 
this provostry. The abolition of patronage in the Church of Scotland by Act 
of Parliament in 1874 put an end to this right, and the teinds of their respec- 
tive lands, so far as still unexhausted and unsold, were in last century acquired 
by the several heritors of Strathblane. 

The lands in Strathblane were but a small part of the Barony of Mug- 
dock. It comprehended a large district of country stretching southward, and 
including Boclair, Summerston, and Millichen, and other lands in Kilpatrick;^ 
eastward, including Balmore in Baldernock, and lands in Campsie; westward 
to the Dumbarton Muir; and northward, including Killearn. 

Its Manor Place was the ancient Castle of Mugdock — the Dineiddwg 
of Cymric times. This old stronghold stands in a very commanding 
position on the high land in the south-western part of the parish. The 
broad waters of Mugdock Loch, which are now spread out to the east 
of it only, in days of old completely surrounded and enclosed the Castle 

^ Balia^an, — There is a Ballarran in Kilmaronock parish, and which appears among the 
superiorities in the Dukedom and Regality of Lennox, and it has often been confused with the 
Strathblane Ballagan. The former was granted in 145 1 by the Duchess-Countess Isabella of 
Lennox to the Dominicans or Black Friars at Glasgow: — "Omnibus banc cartam visuris 
vel audituris Isabella ducessa de Albania et comitissa de Lenox Salutem in Domino sempiternam. 
Noveritis nos cum consensu et assen^iu dilectissime sororis nostre germane Margarete uxoris 
quondam domini de Husky dedisse et caritatis intuitu concessisse et hac present! carta nostra 
pro perpetuo contirmasse ad honorem et laudem Dei omnipotentis et gloriose matris sue 
Beate Marie semper Virginis, Sancti Michaelis Archangeli, Sancte Doniinici et omnium Sanctorum, 
dilectis fratribus nostris Joanni de Govane Priori domus Fratrum Predicatorum de Glasgu, con- 
uentui ejusdcm, totas terras nostras de Balagane jacentes infra parrochiane de Kilmaronock 
et vice-comitatum nostrum de Lenox." — Munimenta Erat. Ord, Fred. p. 171. In many 
modem writings, however, it is stated that the lands of Ballagan were given by the Countess 
to the Franciscans or Grey Friars. There is no doubt Crawford in his ** History of the 
Stewarts" originated this error through his carelessness or ignorance in taking the Dominicans 
or Black Friars for Grey Friars, and succeeding writers have simply copied from him. That the 
Countess Isabella could not have made this grant to the (rrey Fnars is also proved by the 
fact that their convent in Glassfow, to which this grant was said to be made, was not founded 
till 1476, sixteen years after her death. Keith says ** There was a convent of Grey Friars 
founded in Glasgow in 1476 by John Bishop of Glasgow," and in Dr. Gordon's Glasghu Fades, 
pages 660, 661, there are some interesting details of this Order taken from MSS. at Blairs 
College. Among them is the Bull of Pope Sextus IV. confirming the erection of the Franciscan 
Grey Friars Monastery at Glasgow, and also describing its style of architecture and buildings. 
The Bull is dated at St. Peters, Rome, Kal. Dec. 1476, "in the 6th year of our pontificate." 
The Kilmaronock Ballagan, which belonged to the Black Friars and afterwards to the Univer- 
sity of Glasgow, is a 40s. land, whereas the Strathblane Ballagan which formed part of the 
Kirklands of Strathblane was divided into Easter and Wester Ballagan, each of which was a 
40s. land. (Ballagan Writs.) 

•The Kilpatrick lands were originally in Dumbartonshire, but as the rest of the Barony 
was in Stirlingshire this state of things was found inconvenient. King Robert II. therefore at 
the express desire of Sir Patrick Graham disjoined these lands from the Sheriffdom of Dumbarton 
and annexed them to that of Stirling. This arrangement has continued ever since, and explains 
why part of the parish of East Kilpatrick is in Dumbartonshire and part in Stirlingshire. 


with its offices, chapel,^ garden, and but little more. The entrance was from 
the south, and the remains of the portcullis still exist. The Castle itself con- 
sisted of a long, probably castellated, house fronting the loch. Immediately 
behind and connected with it were two large square towers, one of which is quite 
in ruins, and the other is entire, and a most interesting specimen, both within and 
without, of the architecture of Scotland at a very early date. The part of the 
house fronting the loch, and one of 
the towers, were allowed to fall into 
ruins after they were "herried" by 
the Buchanans in 1644,* and beams 
from them were carried off and used 
in building bouses in the neighbour- 
hood. Thus the roof-tree of the 
house at Edenbamet in Kilpatrick — 
itself about to be swept away — is 
said to be the identical oaken beam 
that held the same place of honour 
in ancient Mugdock.^ The late 
house of Mugdock, removed in 
1875, was built of the ruins of 
the original mansion in 1655-56. 
It was but a poor dwelling for a 
marquis, and had little of interest 
about it, except one vaulted chamber, 

which, however, had been hopelessly ■"""* "' "'■'* ™"""- 

ruined by clumsy modem attempts to " restore " it. On taking down this old 
place some oak beams which had formed a part of the older house were found 

' I( U a matter of exlreme regret that this chapel, which stands about too j'anls to the north 
of the castle, has not been belter cared for. Till sotne thirty years ago its walls were nearly 
entire. The door was in the middle of the south side, and within and on (he right side of it 
was still to be seen the stone basin which of old held the holy water. After Bailie .M'Lellan, 
who wa^ for long tenant of Mugdock, died, the line old place was shamefully neglected, and much 
irreparable damage done. Every effort is now being made to preserve the objects of interest which 

also demolished his slaUly Ainut of MiigJok." — Spalding's Hist. vol. 
only partially destroyed at this time, for the Karl was living there in rel 
he started on his famous campaign of 1644. 

* The old house of Edenbarnet was built in 1644 ; the present house was built ii 
Mugdock roof'lree has thus had three removals. 


in excellent condition, with the original wooden nails or bolts still in them.^ 
There are many fine old trees round the Castle, and of old there must have 
been a forest of tall oaks to the south, for several have been dug up lately 
in the moss, straight as a rush for nearly sixty feet, and of great girth. 

It is not known when the loch was lowered and reduced to its present size. 
This work was effected by cutting a wide passage through the rock about 200 
yards up the present avenue. 

Around the Castle were the houses of the retainers, with their gardens and 
crofts, and for the use of the Earl and his servants a corn-mill stood in the glen 
through which the little bum flows which carries off the surplus water of the 
loch. Traces of this old mill can still be seen, as well as of the road which 
led to it from the castle. 

Between the Castle of Mugdock and Craigend, on the avenue of the latter, 
is a round knoll, which is called the Moot Hill, or place of judgment. 
From this spot the accused, if found guilty, were hurried off to the Callow 
Knowe — the rising ground above Craigend Castle — where the culprits, if men, 
were "worreit" or strangled on the gallows which always stood there, con- 
veniently ready for such events ; or, if women, were " drounit " — for drowning 
was of old the punishment of the gentler sex — in the little sheet of water 
which lay at the foot of the gibbet, and which now, no longer "troubled" by 
the struggles of poor criminals, affords an unfailing supply of pure water to the 
modern castle below. ^ 


The Grahams, the Lords of the Barony and Castle of Mugdock, were 

** . . . A race renowned of old, 

Whose war-cry oft has waked the battle swell, 
Since first distinguished in the onset bold, 

Wild sounding, when the Roman rampart fell ! 
By Wallace' side it rung the Southrons' knell ; 

Auldern, Kilsyth, and Tipper owned its fame — 
TummeVs rude pass can of its terrors tell ; 

But ne*er from prouder field arose the name. 

Than when wild Ronda heard the conquering shout of Graeme." ' 

^The present house, rebuilt in 1875 from designs of Campbell Douglas & Sellars, architects, 
Glasgow, stands very nearly on the site of the oldest house, and is connected like it with one of the 
ancient towers. 

'The remains of the gallows were removed towards the close of last century, James Scott, the 
grandfather of David Scott now at Craigallian, being the man who cleared away the last relics in 
Strathblane of the once much coveted right to hang one's felJow-creatures. 

' Scott's Vision of Roderick, Conclusion, stanza 17. The hero of Ronda was Thomas Graham, 
Lord Lynedoch. 


Whether or not the redoubtable Gryme, the destroyer of the Roman wall 
some fourteen hundred years ago,^ was the ancestor of this distinguished family, 
and whether he was a native of Strathblane or not — supposing always there was 
such a person at all — might be an interesting subject of discussion were there 
any reliable facts to start with, but, unfortunately, none exist. It is probable 
there were Grahams before "William de Grame," who is a witness to the 
Charter by King David I., granting to the monastery of " Halyrude House " cer- 
tain lands, kirks, and privileges,^ but he is usually treated as the first of 
the family on record. He flourished early in the twelfth century, and is said 
to have been the possessor of the lands of Abercom and Dalkeith. His des- 
cendant David de Graham acquired, as already shown, the lands of Strath- 
blane and Mugdock, as well as Dundaf and Strathcarron, and about the same 
time Kincardine came into the family. The lands of "Old Montrose" in 
Forfarshire, from which the principal title of the family was afterwards 
taken, were given to Sir David, a succeeding knight, by King Robert 
the Bruce, in exchange for some lands in Cardross, on which His Majesty 
built a Castle, and where he died, and William, third Lord Graham, had a 
charter of the lands of Aberuthven in Strathearn, about the end of the fifteenth 
century. The family was possessed of many more estates in other parts of 
Scotland, but in those enumerated we find the sites of their principal 
residences, Montrose, Mugdock in Strathblane, and Kincardine in Strathearn,' 
and we find also their tombs, for the old churchyard of Aberuthven — a 
parish long ago united to Auchterarder — contains the bones of many genera- 
tions of Grahams.* 

^Fordun (in Historians of Scotland ScrUs\ vol. ii. pp. 81, 82. 
^ Robertson^ s Index of Charters y p. 126. 

* Kincardine was destroyed by Argyll in 1646 and nothing but a few ruins now remain. 
It had been much injured by Lord Sinclair, in 1641. 

* In the Montrose mausoleum at Aberuthven the flagged floor covers the remains of many of 
the family, but the only inscriptions to l>e found are one on a marble slab inserted in the 
wall in memory of David, eldest son of James first Duke of Montrose, who was created a 
peer of Great Britain as Earl and Baron Graham of Belford, and died unmarried in 173 1 
during his father's lifetime, and the following on crimson mounted cofEns placed on the 
floor of the vault : — 

The Most Noble 

Jemima Elixabeth, 

Marchioness of Graham, 

Died 17th September, 1786, 

Aged 24 years. 

The Right Honourable 

James Graham, 

Earl of Kincardine, 

Died 29th April, 1787, 

Aged 7 months and 25 days. 


It is quite unnecessary to give in detail an account of all the members 
of this old Strathblane family — their history is told in that of Scotland — 
suffice it to say that they were emphatically a "gallant" race. Sir Patrick 
Graham was slain at the battle of Dunbar in 1296, fighting against the 
English for the independence of Scotland. His brother, Sir John the Graham, 
was the friend of Sir William Wallace, and was killed at the battle of Falkirk 
in 1298, fighting in the same righteous cause. A succeeding knight, Sir 
David, was taken prisoner at the battle of Durham along with King David 
II. in 1346. William, third Lord Graham and first Earl of Montrose, fell 
gloriously at the battle of Flodden in 15 13. Robert, Lord Graham, eldest son 
of William, second Earl of Montrose, fell fighting for his country at the battle 
of Pinkie in 1547. And although John, the third Earl, and his son John, the 
fourth Earl — the father of the future "Great Marquis" — ^were in the main men 
of peace, the latter a quiet country gentleman living principally at Mugdock 
and Kincardine, they too had slumbering within them the hot blood of their 
race. This was clearly shown when father and son, in a bloody combat which 
took place in the streets of Edinburgh, 31st January, 1594-5, were leaders 
of the Grahams when they attacked Sir James Sandilands, Tutor of Calder, 
and liis friends, seeking to avenge their kinsman, John Graham of Hallyards, a 
judge of the Court of Session, who had been cruelly slaughtered by the Calder 
family for giving a decision against them.^ In James, fifth Earl of Montrose, 
sAerwards the " Great Marquis," we find one of the most gallant of Scotsmen. 

The Most Noble Lucy, Duchess of Montrose, 
Died June i8th, 1788, aged 71 years. 

The Most High, Puissant, and Noble Prince, 
William, Duke of Montrose, 
Died Sept. 23, 1790, aged 78 years. 
, •■ . ■ . — 

Tames, Baron Graham, 
Third Duke of Montrose, K.G., 
Marquis of Graham and Buchanan, 
Earl of Kincai-dine, Viscount Dundaff, 
Lord Aberuthven, Mugdock, and Fintry, 
and Earl and Baron Graham of Belford. 
Bom Feb.' 8th, 1755. 
Died Dec. 30th, 1836. 
In Strathblane Church, Just below the pulpit, there is a tombstone with the Montrose arms 
cut thereon and the date 1004. It is not known who is buried underneath it. The late Duke 
of Montrose was buried at Cannes in France; where he died in 1874. James, Marquis of 
Graham, the elder brother of the present Duke, died 3rd April, 1872, and was buried in 
Buchanan Parish Churchyard. 

* The peaceful and somewhat cowardly King James in the following year, "thinking upoun 
his awne estate and the estate of the commounweill, altogidder disordourit and shaikin louse 
be ressoun of the deidlie feidis and contraverseis standing amsingis his Hienes subjectis of all 
degreis, and thairwithall calling to mynd quhat Unnaturall slauchtaris, bludeshed, barbarous 
cruelteis and inconvenientis hes occurrit and is liklie yit daylie to occur and fall oute, to the 
forder trouble and inquietatioun of his estate gif the same feidis sail not be removit " (Reg, 


John, fourth Earl of Montrose, the father of this great man, died compara- 
tively young. He was much occupied latterly with domestic matters, and spent 
a good deal of his time in golfing and archery, reading and smoking.^ 

He had evidently intended to make Mugdock his permanent home,* but his 

P, C, S, vol. V. p. 248), resolved to summon to Eklinburgh certain persons who were at deadly 
feud and to insist on their being reconciled then and there. The Earl of Montrose and the 
Sandilands family were among those made friends in this summary manner, /ft the Fortunes 
of Nigefy vol. i. chap. 9, Sir Walter Scott introduces this incident in an amusing conversa- 
tion between the King, Lord Huntinglen, and Nigel. **I mind it weel," said the Kinp^, 
" I mind it weel — it was a blessed day, being the nineteen of September, of all days m 
the year— and it was a blythe sport to see how some of the carles girned as they clapped 
loofs tc^ether." 

^ The accounts of James Duncan, ** Burges of Glasgow, Factor of Mugdok,'' and those 
of the Earl's factors at Montrose and Kincardine, are interesting and throw some light upon 
this Earl's life, and the earlier part of that of his distinguished son, who, whether he was 
bom at Mugdock or not — for the place of his nativity is uncertain — certainly spent many of 
his youthful days in Strathblane and Glasgow. 

We find such entries as the following : — 

Item given the 12 of March, 1625, to Patrick Lytstone for ane dusone 

goi£f balls to my Lord, iij lib. 

Item to the Minister's man that brocht books to my Lord at command, vj sh. 
Item for iiij unce tobacco to my Lord be the way cumming to Montross 

from Kincardin at vij sh. vj d. the unce, xxx sh. 

Item given the 14th of Apryle for iij ells ane quarter ell round linning 

claith to my Lord nis black breiks, xxiiij sh. yj d. 

Item for twa dusone tobacco pypes the said day, .... viij sh. 
Item that day to ane tailzeour that made ane stand of claiths to 

my Lord, iiij lib. 

Item that day for ane pig full of ink to my Lord, .... vij sh. 

Item for half ane pund tobacco sent to the West countrie to my Lord, iij lib. viiij sh. iiij d. 

Item for 18 goff balls to my Lord, v lib. viij d. 

Item for ane pair of shone to Lord James the xxvj October, 1623, . xxvj sh. viij d. 

(This "Lord James" was the future "Great Marquis.*') - 

Item for shone to the baime Beatrix, xl sh. 

(The ** baime Beatrix" was Lady Beatrix Graham, afterwards Lady Maderty.) - 
Item on the 29th September, 1620, for fyve gang of schoone to my 

Lord's horse before his Lordship rade to Rosedo, .. -. . . vlib. 

Item for twa gang of schoone to Lord James' twa naigis, . . . x viiij sh. 

Minute accounts were also kept of the '* stands of claiths " made for Lord James and his 
pages Mungo and William Graham when he was sent to Glasgow for his education in 1624. 
An ** Inventour of his Lordship's geire in Sir George's ludging in Glasgow," shows his 
way of living, and a list of his **buikes," how. he spent his time there. After his father's 
death the young Earl was a student at the University of St. Andrews, and the accounts of 
his personal expenditure when there afford a pleasant and lively picture of his young life. — 
Memorials of Montrose ^ Napier, vol. i. pp. 85, 135," 140, 156, etc. 

* Letter from the Earl to his factor at Kincardine : — " Laurence Grahame — I doutt not bot 
ye have bein cairfuU in causing haist in making of my doghter Beatrix her goune as I 
derectat you. I have send this bearer Harie Blacwod to bring her to me as he will schow 
you. It is my will also that the tapestrie in my own chalmer in Kincardine be taine doune 
and paket weill to come to me to:Mugdok as I have sent Mergaret Stirling and Robert 
Taylzer word to be cairfuU of it quhilk ye sail sie weill done and send guid carrage horses 
with it, with all exjpeditioune and send Robert Taylzer to convoy it. Further it is my will 
that ye delyver to Harie Blacwbd aucht bolls meill and four staine of cheis. 

•• From Mugdok the 28 Jany. 1625. 

* * To our Servitour Laurence Grahame, factor of Kincardine. These — " 
— Memorials of Montrose^ Napier, vol. i. p. 57. 


death in 1626 put a stop to his plans, and his son found but few occasions 
when he could enjoy the quiet and seclusion of Strathblane. 

Earl John died at Kincardine, and in the factor's books there is a curious 

account headed the " Dayett of Burriall." This gives an account of the ex- 
penses incurred at his funeral, and the entertaining of the friends who remained 
feasting at Kincardine for eight weeks at the expense of the young E^rl, while 
they were settling his affairs. Details are given of what was consumed from the 
"Pantrie," "Wyne Sellar," "Aill Sellar," the "Lairdner," and the " Petti e 
Lairdner." These viands consisted of " Venison, Beif, Muttonne, Lamb, Veill, 
Geess, Caponis," and other poultry; and of game and wild fowl, "Capercailzies, 
Black Cokis and Ethehenis, Termaiganis, Muirfoullis, Wodcocks, Peitriks, Wyldgeis, 
Pleivoers, and Birsall fouUs," besides one puncheon of " Claret Wyn," one puncheon 
of " Quhyt Wyn," besides " Ester Aill," and small ale without measure. The young 
Earl, James the fifth, afterwards the Great Marquis, was at this lime when his 
friends were so kindly taking care of him — and themselves — about 14 years old, 
having been bom in 1612. Two years before his father's death he had been 
settled in Glasgow with an establishment consisting of a private tutor, two pages, 
and a valet, with the intention apparently of preparing him for the University 
of Glasgow, and at the same time keeping him under the eye of his father, 
who was then living at Mugdock. 

The young lord lived in a house belonging to Sir George Elphinstone of 
Blythswood, called, in a receipt granted for the rent by Agnes Boyd, the wife 
of this knight, part of " our great ludgin situat in the Citie of Glasgow, 
near the towne heid thereof." The house in the Drygate of Glasgow, which 
was subsequently called " Montrose's Lodging," and which was formerly the 
manse of the prebendary of Eagleshame, had not at this time been acquired 
by the family. After his father's death the young Earl was placed at the 
University of St. Andrews, where he remained till towards the end of 1629, 
when, at the early age of sixteen, he married Magdalene Carnegie, youngest 
daughter of David, Lord Carnegie, afterwards Earl of Southesk.' By this 
lady, who died about 1633, he had two sons. Soon after her death he 
went to the Continent, where he remained for about three years. Return- 
ing home he became an active supporter of the Covenant In 1638 he 
reduced by arms the town of Aberdeen and took Lord Huntly prisoner. The 
same year he totally routed Lord Aboyne at the Bridge of Dee. In 1640 an 
army being raised to march into England, Montrose at the head of it, and on 
foot, crossed the Tweed, and had a large share in the victory over the 
Royalists at Newbum. About this time, however, he began to be alarmed at 

en Carnt^ " daled at 



the proceedings and intentions of the Covenanting party and their chief Argyll. 
He left it, therefore, and joined the King's party. He was arrested and im- 
prisoned in Edinburgh. On being released he returned to Mugdock, where he 
lived in retirement for some time. In 1643 he received a commission as Lieu- 
tenant-General for the King in Scotland, and soon afterwards was created a 

In 1644 he raised the Royal Standard at Dumfries. It would be superfluous 
to give in detail the wonderful career of victory which now followed ; suffice it to 
say that in this year he routed at Tippermuir the large army of the Covenant and 
took the town of Perth. A few days afterwards he defeated Lord Lewis 
Gordon at the Bridge of Dee and became master of Aberdeen. Eluding his 
great rival the Marquis of Argyll, who was sent against him with a very 
superior force, he suddenly appeared in February, 1645, in Argyllshire and in- 
flicted a tremendous defeat on the army of Argyll at Inverlochy, near Fort 
William. He agam proceeded north, and at the Bog of Gight lost by death 
his eldest son. In April he took Dundee ; in May he defeated with great loss 
General Hurry at Auldearn; in July, at Alford, he routed General Baillie; and 
in August he fought his great battle of Kilsyth, where he again defeated General 
Baillie, with a loss of 5,000 men. By this victory he became complete master 
of Scotland, and marching towards England to assist there the Royal cause, 
he encamped his anny at Philiphaugh near Selkirk. It was here the tide of 
victory turned, for during a mist, and while he was absent in Selkirk, his 
army was surprised by General David Leslie and totally defeated, 13th 
September, 1645. 

Shortly afterwards he left Scotland, and spent some time in Norway and 
France, and afterwards in Germany, where he served in the army of the Emperor. 
After the execution of King Charles I. he received a commission from his son. 
King Charles II., and proceeded to Scotland to raise again the Standard in the 
Royal cause,^ but fortune had now deserted him, for shortly after his arrival 
his small army was totally defeated by General vStrachan at Invercarron. Being 
taken prisoner he was brought to Edinburgh, where he was treated with shame- 
ful indignity, and finally on the 21st May, 1650, he was cnielly hanged at the 
Cross there. His head was cut off and placed on a spike on the top of the 
Tolbooth, and his legs and arms were sent to Glasgow and the other 
principal towns for exposure there. 

^ The patent creating him a Marquis is dated at Oxford, 6th May, 1644, and is 
signed by King Charles I. and countersigned by Sir Robert Sputtiswood, Secretary — {At 
Buchanan Castle), 

> The King sent him a letter at the same time creating him Knight of the Garter and 
enclosing the George and Ribbon. This letter is dated Castle Elizabeth, in the Isle of Jersey, 
the I2th January, i6|{ — (At Buchanan Castie), 




On the night before his execution he composed and wrote on a window 
the following lines: — 

" Let them bestow on every airth i limb. 
Then open all mj' vnns, that I may swim 
To Thee, my Maker, in that crimson lake ; 
Then place my pu'boiled head upon a stake, 
Scatter my ashes, strew ihem through the air. 
Loid, since Thou knowest where all these atoms are, 
I'm hopeful Thou'lt recover once my dust, 
And confident Thou'lt raise me with the just." 
The Great Marquis met his death with the courage of a brave man and 
the calmness of a Christian.' The Committee of Estates had long before this 

* The trunk of the Marquis' body, for head, legs, and arms were cut off and publicly 
exposed in various places, was buried below the common gallows on the Buigh Muir, and 
there it remained for years, all save the heart, which under cloud of night, and two days 
after the execution, was taken out of the body, embalmed, and placed in a small steel box 
made of (he blade of the great soldier's own sword. It wns given to his niece. Lady Napier, 
who enclosed it first in a little gold casket which had belonged to John Napier, the inventor 
of logarithms, her husband's ancestor,- and then in a silver um. The heart thus enclosed was 
sent to the second Marquis, then in 
Holland, but by some mischance it 
was lost. It was afterwards, however, 
found in a curiosity <-h(jp there, the 
silver urn only gciie, and sent back 
lo the Napiera, The Lord Napier of 
the day gave it to his daughter Hester, 
wife of Alexander Johnstone, H.E.I.C.S. 
On her way lo India with her husband, 
taking the precious relic with her, their 
ship was attacked by a French frigate, 
and a cannon ball sniasbed the golden 
casket. Arrived in India, a new gold 
box was made as like the old one as 
possible, and the heart, within its steel 
casing, was placed in this, within a 
silver urn which stood in the John- 
stones' drawing-room at Madura. The 
idea having got abroad that it was n 
talisman of great virtue, it was stolen, 
but afterwards restored. Finally, the 
Johnslones havin;; returned lo Europe, 
It tvas lost in Paris during the Revolu- 
tion, and has never been recovered. 
In 1661, after the restoration of King 
Charles II., the trunk was disinterreil 
and the limbs collected and deposited 
with it in a coffin. This was brought 
to the Tolbooth of Edinburgh, where 
Lord Napier, with the Grahams of 
Morphie, Inchbrakie, Orchill, and Gor- 

FSOJII tHE ABCBKRV ""'^'' O' MUNOO CHAHAtI l>F ,),j, ^^J others, asCCndcd tO the tOP of 

™* ■ ' '■ the building to remove the head from 

t of the remains. David Graham of Gorthy, 
lis vi(.iories and disasters, took the head from 



time forfeited his lands, and in 1644 granted a commission to George Buchanan, 
younger of Buchanan, with his friends and followers, " to repair to the house 
and fortalice of Mugdock, and to intromit with the cannon, powder, ball, 
matches, and other warlike furniture therein, and to break open doors and 
break down the iron gates, etc" What followed is given in Buchanan's own 
words: — "According to the qlke commissioune I upon the nynteene day of 
Apryle last (1644) went from Edr. and conveened ane company under the 
command of Patrike Buchanan of Auchmnar and upoun the twentie day of 
Apryle came to the hous of McDocke at night and finding the yets fast brake 
them up and stayed yr that night and the 21 day being Sonday and upon 
Monday made search of the house conforme to my commissioune and fand 
no armes nar ammunitioune ther bot some few pickes that had bene removed 
the day before and put in the officeres house with some few musketes wch 
wer bigged up in the wall of the hous— and I causit take doune all the gaites 
and irone windowcs and therefter I did acquant the Lord Chancellor with 
what wes done who thereupon did signifie to me that the Committie fand it 
not necessr that ony farder should be done at that tyme, wherupon I caused 
remove the saides pickes and muskets with all the Irone workes and gaits that 
were tain doune to the house of Duntraith qr they now are."^ 

Swift retribution, however, followed the young laird of Buchanan, for Mon- 
trose, or his friends, during his career of victory in 1645 found time to punish 
him for his doings at Mugdock, and they did it very effectually, for in a 
supplication for assistance which Buchanan made to Parliament in 1646 he says 
"his ennemies have utterly destroyed, plundered, and wasted his whole lands, 
tenants, and servants, and have left him no manner of maintenance for liveli- 
hood, whereby he is brought to a very low and lamentable condition." He 
was paid 20,000 merks in compensation, probably through the influence of 
Argyll, who soon afterwards had the Barony of Mugdock transferred to him- 
self. ITiis important transaction was arranged thus — Argyll had some claims 

the spike, kissing it as he did so. lie died the same night, as Covenanting writers record 
wilh evident satisfaction. The reunited body of our hero was afterwards, with all honours, 
buried in a vault in St. Giles' Church, Edinburgh. In order to commemorate the connection 
of his family with this imposing event, the next Laird of Gorthy adopted for his crest a 
crowned skull, heraldically described thus — ** Two arms issuing from a cloud erect and liAing 
up a man's skull incirculed with two branches of a palm tree, and over the head a Marquess' 
coronet: motto, * Sepulto Viresco.*" In 1628 when the Great Marquis was a young man — 
then only an Earl — studying at St. Andrews, he gained the Archery prize, and as the custom 
was, hung a silver medal with his name and arms engraved thereon to the silver arrow, which 
was kept and still remains at the University. In 1687 Mungo Graham of Gorthy, the grandson 
of the man who took Montrose's head from the spike, was a student at St. Andrews, and in 
his turn won the same arrow, and hung beside the medal of his great chief, his own, bearing 
the ghastly Gorthy crest, the hands holding up the skull of the very man whose medal was 
next to his own. 

^ Act Far. Car. I. 1644, cap. 171. 


on the public for money expended in tlie wars, and to satisfy them the Com- 
mittee of Estates allowed him to choose any of the forfeited estates. He fixed 
upon the lands and Barony of Mugdock, and at Whitsunday, 1647, he had entry 
to them.^ 

The Barony was ratified to him by Act of Parliament in 1649, ^.nd is thus 
described : — " To witt of all and haill the toune and landis of Mugdock and 

Mugdockmitchell with the toure, fortalice and maner place of Mugdok 

The toune and landis of Gallowschiell and Craigend, and the Mylne of Mylne- 

davie with the Mylelandis and Multores The toune and landis of 

Craigalzeane, Carbeth, Auchengilzean, Drumbroche, Kirkhouse Aiker, Peitch, 
EdenkiD, and Kiigaiber. The toune and landis of Quinloche. The toune and 
landis of Killerne. The toune and landis of Somerstoune. The toune and 
landis of Kilmonane. The tounes and landis of Carlestoune, Eister Bagrochane, 

and West Bagrochane, with the Mylne of Bagrochane Mylelands, etc 

The landis of Collier Aiker, Temple of Bagrochane, Faudieholl and Guildeaiker. 
The toune and landis of Balmoire, Balmoireaiker, and Orcheard. The tounes 
and landis of Dowgalistoune, Barloch, Kessantoune, Barachane, Eister Clobar, 
Wester Clobar, Kaystoune, and Milnnegavie with the Coaleheugh of Mylnegavie, 

and Barloche, and with the Mylne of Milnegavie Multores, etc., etc and 

of halff of the toune and landis of Malichen possest be Walter Grahame and 
his subtennents." After having thus obtained this fine old Barony, Argyll, by 
an Instrument of Resignation, while reserving his own liferent, made it over to 
his second son, Lord Neil Campbell, and on the 13th March, 1650, there was 
a charter under the Great Seal following upon the above resignation containing 
a novodamus and new creating of the said lands into a Barony to be called 
" the Barronie of Neilston.*' In the same year a petition was presented to 
Parliament by Argyll for the "delyverie of the evidentis," in which he sets 
forth that he " has right to the landis and Barronie of Neillstowne of old called 

The Campbells, however, were not long in Mugdock, or Neillstowne its 
name, for in 1655 James, the second Marquis of Montrose, no doubt assisted 
by his friends, redeemed his Barony by a payment of ;^5o,ooo.2 In February, 
1 66 1, Parliament rescinded the forfeiture of his father, and soon afterwards 
ordained Argyll to repay the young Marquis the rents of Mugdock uplifted by 

^ The Barony of Mugdock had suffered severely in those troubled times, **goodes" having 
been ''takin from the tennentis be those who had charge of the Castle of Stirling, and the 

eriesone qlk wes in the hous of Buquhannan, '' and " horsses takin be Lewtennent Colonell 
K:kart," and "comes and guides destroyed be Generall Maior Middletounes forces." — Act 
Par, Car. II. 1649, cap. 137. 

'The Deed completing this transaction is dated at Westminster, London, and '*Rossneth,*' 
20th Dec, 1655, *^"^ ^^ J*"*» 1656— (i^/ Buchanan), 


him, and also this sum of ;^5o,ooo paid to him and his Bon Neill for the re<on- 
veyance of the estate. The Argylls thus profited but little by the traDsaction.' 
The whole of the Montrose esUtes were afterwards re^rected into " ane haill 
and free Marquiedom, Earledome, Lordship, Baronie and Regatitie with free 
Chappell and Chancellarie To be called then and in all time comeing The 
Marquiedom, Earledom, Lordship, Baronie and Regalitie of Montrose ordaining 
the Castle of Mugdock to be the principal Messuage theroC ■ . - ." At the 
same time was erected " The Towne and burgh of Mugdock into a free burgh 
of Regalitie To be called then and in all time comeing The Burgh of Kegalitie 
of Mt^dock and head Burgh of the said Regalitie of Montrose," at " the Mercat 
Croce " of which, or at the Castle of 
Mugdock "ane seising to be taken for 
the whole," A " weekly mercat ilk 
fryday and two free faires yearlie " 
were also granted; the one "upoun 
the second Thursday of August and 
the other upoun the second Tuesday 
of November within the said Burgh 
and territories theroC" 

The Acts of Parliament' give an in- 
teresting account of all these trans- 
actions, and show that the young Mar- 
quis had been left without lands and 
without home, " destitute of a house 
whairin to live and grieved that his 
antient inheritance should be possessed 
by straiwrets," and that the recovery of stokb rouBn auomc th» iuins or old hiicdocii, 


Mugdock had been no easy matter. 

Mugdock Castle had fallen into ruins, not having been inhabited since 

> In an Act of Parlument, Cor. II. 1649, cap. 136, the accounts of James Stirling, 
" Chelmerlane to James Grahame, Late Eaile of Montrose," are ratified, and it appeals from 
them thai Argyll began to draw the rents of Mugdock in 1645. By 1661 he seems to have 
been due, in all, to the Marquis over ^100,000 Scots, and after his execution in that jrear 
the lands of Cowalt in Argyllshire were given lo Montrose in lieu of that sun. In 1667 
the succeeding Earl of Argyll recovered these lands on giving the Marquis of Montrose a 
wadsett right to them for /', the sum remaining anpaid of the ;floo,664 originally 
due — {MiOaal Cemnd Disiharge, at Buchanan Caslle). 

The young Marquis, in addition to what he received from Argyll, had in 1660 a grant 
of " the Customs of Port-Glasgow for 21 years for the yearly Tack Duty of 700 pound 
Sterling, which the Marquis is to retain in his own hands till he be compleatly paid of 
the sum of to,oao pound Sterling now granted to him by the King for the Losses sustained 
by him, his estate, and bmily During the Late Rebellion."— Dated at Whitehall, 36th Sept., 
1660. This refers to Glasgow. What is now called Port-Glasgow did not then exist— {^/ 
BtuMamon OuiU), 

)Act Par. Car. II. 1661. 


the Buchanans herried it in 1644, and when the young Marquis recovered it 
in 1655 it seems to have taken two years to make it habitable. During 
this time he lived with the laird of Killearn, and among the papers at 
Buchanan Castle is a " Discharge by Captain Henry Graham, son to the 
deceased John Graham of Killeme, in favoure of James, Marquess of Montrose, 
of the sum of 4,000 merks for his boarding and entertaining the said Marquess 
and his servants for the space of Two years. Contained in a Bond granted by 
the Marquess to him dated the 14th September, 1657." 

Mugdock was thus restored to the second Marquis of Montrose, and the 
Castle again became his home.^ He is known in history as the " Good Marquis," 
a title he acquired from his amiability and strong sense of right and justice. 
These qualities came out prominently when Argyll, the bitter enemy of his father, 
was tried for his life before Parliament, for the Marquis then refused to vote on 
the ground that his resentment for family injuries might bias his judgment. During 
his somewhat troubled and short life, for he was but thirty-eight when he died, he 
was much engaged in the management of his private affairs, and in the difficult 
negotiations which resulted in the restoration of his ancient estates, and it was 
not till the very close of it that he held any public office save that of Privy 
Councillor. In 1668, however, he was appointed one of the Extraordinary 
Lords of Session, and in less than a year he died, much respected and regretted, 
and was followed to his grave at Aberuthven by many a mourner, among whom 
was, strange to say, Archibald, ninth Earl of Argyll,^ son of the Earl (or first 
Marquis) executed in 1661, whose head had bleached for years on the 
same spike on the top of the Tolbooth of Edinburgh which had held aloft the 
head of the " Great Marquis " of Montrose, his rival.^ By his wife, Isabel, 

^ In the Lauderdale MSS., British Museum, there is a letter from the Marquis to the 
King dated Mugdock, 3xst October, 1661. 

* Hist, MSS, Report vol. vi. p. 609. This Earl of Argyll paid a visit to the Marquis of 
Montrose at Mugdock in 1668, as letters in the Lauderdale G>]lection of MSS. in the British 
Museum show. 

* The Rev. Dr.* Hamilton, in his article on Strath blane in the New Statistical Account of 
Scotland^ says — *' After the Restoration, when the Earl of Middleton and his associates were 
employed in subverting the civil and religious rights of their country, Mugdock Castle was 
one of. the scenes of their bacchanalian orgies." It is true that the Lord High Commissioner 
and some of the Council were at Gla^ow in the autumn of 1662. Montrose was one of them 
and naturally invited his colleagues to Mugdock, and no doubt hospitably entertained them. 
Wodrow, in Kis History of the Sufferings of the Church of Scotland^ says — " They came to 
Glasgow, Septembet; 26th, and were regaled and royally treated at Hamilton, Paisley, Dum- 
barton, Rosedoe, and Mugdock," and then goes on to narrate how *' many remarks upon 
the prodigality, profaneness, and terrible revelling at this progress were made at this time." 
And Kirkton has a similar, story; 'the information of both, no doubt, being drawn from the 
same source. There was a" great tendency, however, in both of these historians to magnify the 
vices of enemies and the virtues of friends. The reported revellings therefore should be taken 
with some reserve. Dr. Hamilton copied and rather improved upon Wodrow, and Maodonald, 
who in his Rambles Round Glasgow has a poetical effusion about Mugdock, copied and improved 



daughter of William, seventh Earl of Morton, and widow of Robert, first Earl 
of Roxburgh, he had two sons — James, his successor ; Charles, who died young ; 
and a daughter, Anne, Countess of Callender.^ 

James, third Marquis of Montrose, was but a child when his father died in 
1669. In the succeeding year a matter which had engaged his father's attention 
before his death was carried into effect by the establishment of Fairs at Killeam 
and Strathblane. This was done by an Act of Parliament, which was to the 
following effect 2: — "The King's Majestic and Estates of Parliament taking to 
consideration that the towne and Kirk of Killeme and towne and Lands of 
Strablane pertaining heretably to James Marques of Montrose lying within the 
Shireffdome of Stirline are publict places of resort and ly near to the heigh- 
lands And that for the incouragement and advantage of those who duell upon 
the same Lands and Nightbouris adjacent therto and for keeping of Commerce 
and trade amongst His Majestie's Leidges and Subjects in those bounds and 
that all persons resorting there may be furnished with all maner of Commoditys 
wherof they stand in need It is most necessar and convenient ther should be 
yeerly faires kept at the forsaid places. Therfor the Kings Majestic with advyce 
and consent of his Estates of Parliament Do heerby give and grant to the said 

on Dr. Hamilton. In Fullarton's Gazetteer of Scotland there is the same parrot cry, and a 
recent Strathblane poet (and a very creditable one too) repeats the oft told but unauthenticated 
tale. There is no ground at all for saying there were any "bacchanalian oi^es" at Mugdock ; 
indeed, from the character of the *' Good Marquis " it is very unlikely that excess of any kind 
took place there. 

^ The Marchioness died in 1673, ^i^<^ on the 23rd January was buried in the Church of 
Aberuthven. The funeral sermon was preached by the Rev. Arthur Ross, Parson, and after- 
wards Archbbhop of Glasgow, and was published. It is entitled — 

The Certainty 


Death and Judgement 

Delivered in a Funeral Sermon 


at the Exequies of the Right 

Honourable Eminently Religious and most 

Vertuous Lady 

My Lady Marchioness 

of Montrose 

In the Chappel of Aberuthven January 23, 1673. 

By Arth. Ross Parson of Gla^ow. 

A single extract shows its style — *' How sweet was her breath upon her deathbed ; her body 
seemed to be exhaled and vapour out all in soul, and the breath of her soul to relish nothing 
but of Christ and heaven. Having bidden farewel to her beloved friends, and 'very willingly 
to the world, and to her chiefest darlings in - it, her dearest and princely children, standing 
like olive plants, or rather like orient pearles about her bed ; whose chatteting groans, 
piercing cryes and doleful moans, might have moved and bribed the severest Judge upon 
the Bench or anything that had a being (except, ghostly Death i^hich bears no regard) to 
have spared that sad Divorce ; and yet these charming tunes and mourning songs did not 
draw back her least desires, nor stop this blessed Saint from laying herself fast asleep in the 
everlasting armes of that beloved bridegroom of her sbtri." 

*Act Par. Car. II. 1670. 


James Marques of Montrose and his Aires and Successors ane yeerlie free fair 
to be keept and holden at the said towne and Kirk of Killeme upon the sixt 
day of September yeerly the samen being laufuU or any other laufull day being 
tuo dayes before the later fair day in Stirline— and ane other yeerly fair to be 
keept and holden at the said toun and I^nds of Strablane upon the first laufull 
day before hallowmes yeerly in all tyme comeing For buying and selling of 
horse, nolt, sheep, fish, flesh, meill, malt and all sort of graine, cloath, lining 
and wollen and all sort of merchant commoditys. With power to the said 
James Marques of Montrose and his forsaids or such as they shall appoint to 
collect, intromet with, uplift and receave the tolls customs and dutys belonging 
to the said tuo yeerly fairs and to injoy all other Liberties Priviledges, free- 
doms and immunitys sicklyk and als freely in all respect as any other in the 
lyk case hes done or may do in tyme coming." 

The Strathblane Fair was held on the lands of Edenkill. Of late years it 
has been gradually falling off in importance till it has now reached the vanishing 
point In 1795 Jo^^ Graham, Portioner of Mugdock, had a Charter of the 
"Customs and Casualties due and payable to the Superior at the Hallow Fair 
of Strathblane " and latterly it was a pertinent of Leddriegreen. 

In 1 68 1 an arrangement between the Marquis of Montrose and William, 
eighth Earl of Monteith, was ratified by Act of Parliament.^ By it the latter 
resigned his Earldom of Monteith, and King Charles II. granted a Novodamus 
of it to him in life rent and to the Marquis of Montrose in fee. This important 
transaction put his son — the fourth Marquis and first Duke — a few years after- 
wards, in possession of the fine estates in Aberfoyle and others belonging to 
the Earldom of Monteith now possessed by the family of Montrose. The 
celebrated John Graham of Claverhouse had attempted to make the same 
arrangement for himself, but the claims of Montrose, the chief of the clan, 
prevailed with the Earl. The following letter written from Mugdock shows, 
however, that all three were on good terms: — * 

''Mugduck 30 May (16)79. 

*' My Lord — I would haue sent the dog this day, but I waited for the letters 
by the last packet, which were something late a coming. I send your Lordship 
here inclosed the journals of Parliament which contain all the news the Court 
affords for ought I know. I met Claverhous to-day who is sent with his troops 
and a troop of Dragoons to guard some arms and ammunition transported to this 
Countrey. The fanaticks in Clidsdale were yesterday so insolent that a party 
of them, reported to be about three score hors, entred Rugland, burnt the 

1 Act Par. Car. II. 1681. 

3 Printed in the Red Book of Menteith^ vol. ii. p. 1 73. 



Declaration and Oaths of Alegiance and Supremacy in the bonfire there, and 
then put it out, intending the like in Glasgow, but being advertised that 
Claverhous' troop was there desisted from that interprise, and dispersed hauing 
been pursued by a party of that troop till midnight tho in vain. Claverhous 
tells me he would haue waited on your Lordship at this time, if he was 
not so strictly obliged to attend his charge, but promises to be with you 
about pouting-time,^ at which time you may also expect to be waited on 
by, my Lord — 

" Your Lordships most affectionate Cousin and most humble Servant 

*' Montrose. 

" For Your Lordship." 

In 1682 a most important event for the parish took place, viz., the purchase 
by the Marquis of Montrose of the Buchanan estate from the creditors of the 
last Buchanan of that ilk. This transaction soon afterwards severed the 
intimate connection between Strathblane and the Montrose family, for the 
succeeding Marquis-^the first Duke — after making some additions to the old 
house of the Buchanans, took up his residence there, and Buchanan House or 
Castle has since continued to be the seat of the succeeding Dukes. 

In 1684 James, third Marquis of Montrose, died while still a young man, 
and his son James, fourth Marquis and first Duke, succeeded not only to what 
was left of the old Barony of Mugdock, but also to the fine estate of Buchanan 
acquired two years before by his father, and later in the same year he came 
into possession of the estates of the last Earl of Menteith and Airth in virtue 
of the arrangement of 1681. 


Soon after the Marquis of Montrose left Mugdock Castle for his new home 
at Buchanan, a family of Grahams, who claim to be cadets of Dougalston, came to 
live at the old place and farm the lands. 

Sir William Graham of Kincardine and Mugdock had, for his second wife, the 
Princess Mary, daughter of King Robert III. — the lady who married for her 
fourth husband another Strathblane laird. Sir William Edmonstone of Duntreath — 
and from this marriage the Grahams of KnockdoHan are derived. The first 
Graham of Dougalston was a cadet of KnockdoHan. 

The immediate ancestor of the family who came to Mugdock when the Marquis 
left it was Robert Grahame, tacksman of Quinloch. He had two sons, Hugh of 
Edenkill, and John. Hugh Grahame of Edenkill, the elder son, had a son, James, 

^ The shooting season. 


who had sasine of part of Edenkill in 1702; and a grandson, John, merchant 
tailor and bailie of Glasgow, who succeeded and had sasine in 1720. 

John Grahame, the younger son, who came from Quinloch and settled in Mug- 
dock before 1694, married Jean Mitchell. On the 19th February, 1729, he had 
sasine of the easter third of Drumquhassle, in Drymen, proceeding upon a disposi- 
tion granted by James Mitchell — by this time dead — and signed 7th October, 1727, 
before John Govan, son to William Govan of Drumquhassle, and William Govan 
his brother.^ 

John Grahame of Drumquhassle and tenant of Mugdock, and Jean Mitchell his 
wife, had a son, John Grahame, who succeeded to Drumquhassle and the lease of 
Mugdock on his father's death. His wife was Barbara Graham of Birdston, who 
was first cousin of Thomas Graham first of Ballagan.^ 

John Grahame of Drumquhassle and tenant of Mugdock, and Barbara Graham 
his wife, had a large family — i, James, of whom afterwards; 2, Archibald, of whom 
also afterwards; 3, William, H.E.I.C.S. ; 4, Andrew; 5, Henry; 6, John, who 
all died childless ; 7, Jean, who married Andrew Aitchison, tenant of Dungoiach, 
and had three daughters who all died childless. John Grahame had a good 
deal of trouble and expense with some of the younger members of his family — 
William, in particular, who was sent to learn law in Edinburgh, " keeping hunters 
and high company in place of attending to his studies," — and finally he gave 
up Mugdock to his eldest son James, sold Drumquhassle to his second son 
Archibald, of the Thistle Bank, Glasgow, and retired to Banton, where he 

James Grahame, the eldest son, tenant of Mugdock and Hilton, was born in 
1749 and died in 1820; he married Margaret M^Culloch, who also died in 1820, 
and had seven children — i, John, who died unmarried at Mugdock; 2, Jane, 
who married the Rev. William Bryce, D.D., of Aberdour, one of the Deans of 
the Chapel Royal, and had issue ; 3, Elizabeth, married William Anderson, and 
had issue; 4, Barbara, married Hugh Tennent, and had issue; 5, Margaret; 
6, Janet ; and 7, Ann, The three unmarried daughters lived for long at Mug- 
dock Castle, and were much respected in the neighbourhood. Ann Grahame 
survived the others, and leaving Mugdock, died at Bothwell in 1855; and thus 
came to an end the long connection of this branch of the Grahames with 

Returning now to Archibald Grahame, second son of John Grahame of Drum- 
quhassle and Mugdock, and Barbara Graham of Birdston, his wife, and whose 
descendants now represent this old stock, we find in him a well-known citizen 
of Glasgow and a credit to his native parish of Strathblane. 

^ Part. Reg. Sas., Stirling. ^ See Ballagan. 



Archibald Grahame early went into business in Glasgow as a writer, and 
afterwards became partner and cashier of the Thistle Bank there. Besides Dnim- 
quhassle, which he bought from his father, he acquired part of the lands of 
Barrowfield, and also Dalmamock. He was one of the founders of the Glasgow 
Chamber of Commerce and of the Royal Infirmary, and, although he had left 
Strathblane, he continued to take an interest in its affairs, for when the new 
church was building in the beginning of this century, he was appointed standing 
arbiter in case of disputes; and on the church being finished, he allocated the 
seats among the heritors. He married Jean Grahame, sister of Robert Grahame 
of Whitehill, and James Grahame, author of ''The Sabbath," and had a large 
family, i, Thomas Grahame, writer to the signet, bom 1793, married Agnes 
Veitch of the Dawick family, and had nine children, of whom the eldest is 
Archibald Hamilton Grahame, who now represents the old rentallers in 
Mugdock, and is next heir of entail to Ballagan. He has been twice 
married and has issue. The other members of Thomas Grahame-'s family 
are — Robert Veitch, married, and has issue; Thomas Hill; Agnes Jemima, 
died unmarried ; Jane Margaret ; James, sometime residing at Auldhouse, 
married, and has issue; John, married, and has issue; Mary Anne, married 
Rev. Charles Bennett, rector of Sparkford; and the Rev, David, married, 
and has issue. 2, Robert Grahame, M.D. ; 3, James Grahame, who both 
died childless. 4, Archibald Grahame, parliamentary solicitor, I^ndon, 
married, and had a large family. 5, Barbara, married David Rankine, an 
officer in the Ride Brigade, and a younger son of Macquorn Rankine of 
Drumdow, Ayrshire. She had two sons — David, who died young, and the 
late William John Macquorn Rankine, F.R.S., LL.D., etc. Professor of Civil 
Engineering, etc., in the University of Glasgow, who was not only one of the 
most distinguished scientific men Scotland ever produced, but also, in society, 
one of the most charming of companions. This most worthy scion of an old 
Strathblane race died at the early age of 52. 6, Margaret, married Alexander 
Grahame, parliamentary solicitor, London. 

Since Miss Ann Grahame left Mugdock, about forty years ago, there have been 
several tenants in the Castle; one of the best known was Bailie Archibald 
M'Lellan of Glasgow, who made many alterations and some improvements on 
the old place, and who died there in 1854. James Reid, of the Union Bank 
of Scotland, brother-in-law of Thomas Graham of Ballewan, Master of the Mint, 
also lived for several years at Mugdock before he built Dunmullin in Strath- 
blane; and the last who tenanted the old house of the second Marquis was 
William Clarke of the Falkirk Iron Company, John Phillips, the late well- 
known tenant of the Laigh Park (of Mugdock), holding the lands. 

In 1874 the late Duke of Montrose arranged for a very extended lease 




of the Castle and lands of Mugdock with John Guthrie Smith, a younger son 
of the late William Smith of Car- 
beth Guthrie, and great-grandson of 
James Smith of Craigend, in con- 
sideration of his rebuilding the more 
modern part of the house and of 
certain other conditions. The de- 
cayed old house of 1655 was accord- 
ingly removed, and the present one 
built Roads and shrubberies have 
been made and plantations fonned, 
and the old place is beginning to 
assume more of the appearance which 
the "staitly house" may be supposed 
to have worn before it was " demol- 
ished " by Lord -Sinclair in 1641, 
and herried by the Buchanans In 

■■ Fortilir BCcupa fsrUm." 
Aiulur Jirmly in a/ritHdIy f'l- 


On the death of John Earl of Montrose in 16*6, the young Earl James had 
assumed as his curators his near relatives, the Earl of Wigton, Sir William 
Graham of Braco, Sir Archibald Napier of Merchiston, who became Lord 
Napier, Sir John Colquhoun of Luss, David Graham of Fintry, Sir Robert 
Graham of Morphie, Sir William Graham of Claverhouse, great-grandfather of 
"Bonnie Dundee," John Graham of Orchill, Patrick Graham of Inchbrakie, and 
John Graham of Balgown.^ Soon afierwards it was resolved to feu out to the 
tenants then in possession parts of the Barony of Mugdock and other lands 
belonging to the young Earl in Strathblane.' 

1 Mtmerials of Mimttosr, vol. i. p. 109. 

* Archibald First Lord Napier to the Factor of Mugdock, I2lh April, 163S: — "Assured 
Frende, These are to entreal jou (becaus the King's aflnires urges my «ay going) to be heir 
precisly upon Ihe sixteenc day of this instant. I have appointed Claverhous to meet you heir 

I / 

' ♦ 



These transactions took place at intervals during the Great Marquis' life and 
that of his son, and the majority of the separate estates in Strathblane date 
their origin from this period. 


Otherwise Aughingilzean, Auchingilzean, or Auchinguilzean, being the most 
northerly as well as remote part of the Barony of Mugdock in the parish of 
Strathblane, with the exception of Quinloch, which, though for a short time in 
the possession of cadets, still belongs to the Montrose family, seems a definite 
point to start from; we therefore begin with it the history of the feuing out of 
the Barony of Mugdock. 

The twenty shilling land of Auchengillan, the property of James Earl of 
Montrose, was, on the 25th August, 1631, while he was a minor, granted by 
feu charter to John Wair, Archibald Buchanan, and George M'Indoe, "possessors 
and kindlie tenants" thereof, John Wair having "all and haill that ten shilling 
land of the said town and land," or half of Auchengillan, and Archibald 
Buchanan and George M'Indoe having each a five shilling land or one quarter 
of it This feu was effected by the advice and consent of the young Earl's 
"very noble and right honourable friends" and curators.^ 

The history of George M*Indoe's quarter of the original Auchengillan is this. 
It was called 


from being situated on the higher parts of the lands. It remained for long in 
the possession of the descendants and relatives of the original feuar.* On the 
26th November, 1753, James M*Indoe sold it to Robert Provan, mason in 
Lettenniln, Killearn, who at this time was also proprietor of one fourth of the 
Westertown of Easter Mugdock and one fourth of the lands of Carbeth.^ The 

that same day ; becaus there are many things to do I wald have your meeting soner than wes 
appoynted when yee wer heir. Claverhous desires me still in his letters to desir you to bring 
with you the true rentall ; and therfoir I entreat you to bring it with you, that we may kno 
what every tenent in particular payes, as is most requisit now, when they ar to tak fewes, the 
ignorance whereof may hinder all the bisines at this time. So not doubting of your repairing 
hither at the said day, I rest your very loving frend, 

"Edinburgh, 12 Ap. 1628. "Naper. 

** To my assured Frende James Duncan, 

" Burges of Glasgow." 
— Memorials of Montrose^ vol. i. p. 28. 

^Auchengillan Writs. 

'James M'Indoe, who sold Auchengillan, appears in one of the Carbeth writs as brother of 
Walter, portioner of Carbeth, who was descended from James M'lndoe, feuar in 1631 of one 
fourth of Carbeth. 

' Auchengillan and Carbeth Guthrie Writs. 


latter, however, he sold to James M'Indoe the same day he- bought Auchengillan 
from him. Robert Provan was succeeded in Auchengillan in 1806 by his son 
James, and he by his relative Moses Provan, chartered accountant, Glasgow, on 
whose death in 1871, James Provan, his brother, also an accountant in Glasgow, 
became laird. Moses Provan had added to his lands by the purchase of two 
thirds of Drummery Park, commonly known as Mid-Auchengillan, from Miss 
Janet H. Holmes and Miss Anne Caldwell Holmes, and the present laird ac- 
quired in 1877 the other one third from Mrs. Grace Holmes or M'Intosh. 
James Provan is thus the laird of both the Townhead of Auchengillan and also 
of Mid-Auchengillan. 



Sir Robert Provane was vicar of Strathblane in 1549, and there are traces 
of others of the name in the parish in after times,^ but their connection, if any, 
with the present family of Auchengillan cannot be traced. David Provan suc- 
ceeded in 1677 or 1678 Elspet or Elizabeth M'llhoise, relict of John Burmond, 
as miller at Gartness,^ but by 1690 he had removed to the Mill of Letter in 
Killearn, where he was a tenant of the Edmonstones of Duntreath. 

By his wife, Janet Mitchell, he had a son, James, who had, with other 
children, James^ who bought Ledlowan in Killearn in 1736 from Archibald 

^ There was at one time a Provan, miller at Milndavie. 

' He succeeded also to miller Burmond*s receipt book, a very small vellum covered volume 
now in the possession of Mr. Provan of Auchengillan, a verv mine of family and local informa- 
tion. This interesting little book contains receipts from Thomas Napier for the rent paid for 
Gartness Mill by John Burmond and his wife for several years, and also for the rent of the 
same mill paid by David Provan in i678-79-8o. There is also a series of receipts given to 
David Provan by John Foyer, probably the schoolmaster at Duntreath, who is mentioned else- 
where in this book, and who was otherwise in the employment of the Edmonstones. In 1690 
he grants receipts for **pairt of the twa monthis suplie payable at Lambas last grantet to their 
Majesties be Act p°^ Parliament." In the same year a receipt for '*pairt of the pryce of twa 
baggage horses," apparently for the public service. John Foyer also signs a receipt for David 
Provan \s **proportione of the pensione due to William Edmonstone, brother to umqi. Archibald 
Edmonstone of Duntreath." This was the "Dumb Laird" of Duntreath (see Duntreath). In 
1692 Robert Duncan grants receipts for the Edmonstones '* for suplie," rent of the mill, and 
" his sess." About the end of the century there is a copy of an account signed ** Jo Graham, 
betwixt Dougalstone and David Provane in Letter." John Graham of DougaLstun was Dun- 
treat h's " Doer " or Factor. On one side is the rent for several years and on the other pay- 
ments made from time to time by the miller. Among them is this — "Item, the said David 
Provane his payt. to the Dumb Laird for the year 89-90 and whit. 91 ;fo30.oo.oo." In 1699 
**Ja Grahame'* grants a receipt for "bygone rent," and in 1702 "Js Hay" signs another 
for " soumes to accompt of bygone rent. These are Glasgow men, and it rather looks 
as if the miller and the laird had some matter in dispute which had got into legal hands. 
There are also receipts for other payments made to James Foyer, John Buchanan of Carbeth, 
and others. 



Edmonstone of Duntreath, and John Williamson,^ and Robert^ mason in Letter- 
miln, Killearn, of whom afterwards. 

The elder brother, James, proprietor of Ledlowan, was born in 17 14. He 
married, firstly, Jean Fairley, Arnfinlay, by whom he had two sons, John and 
William ; and he married, secondly, Janet Neilson, Easter Balfunning,^ by whom 
he had William, farmer in Braefoot or Easter Ledlowan ; Moses, of whom after- 
wards; David, H.E.LC.S., physician to the Rajah of Travancore, and of Loch- 
ridge, Ayrshire ; and Janet, wife of William Samson of Whitehill. William and 
David Provan married sisters, daughters of William Reid, of Brash & Reid, 
booksellers, Glasgow. Mr. Reid was a poet and a friend of Bums. 

Moses Provan married Elizabeth Mitchell, of a Drymen family, whose 
ancestors had suffered in Covenanting times, and was the father of (i) Moses 
Provan, chartered accountant in Glasgow, and who succeeded to Auchengillan 
in 1865; (2) David, settled in Australia, married, and has a family; (3) James, 
now of Auchengillan; (4) William, settled in Australia, married, and has a 
family; (5) Agnes. 

Returning now to Robert Provan, mason in Lettermiln, who was bom in 
1 7 16, and was afterwards proprietor of part of Mugdock and Carbeth, and 
bought the Townhead of Auchengillan in 1753, we find that in 1767 he married 
Janet Weir of Barrachan, East Kilpatrick, and had two sons — (i) James, 
who succeeded his father in Auchengillan, of whom afterwards; (2) David, 
joiner in Carbeth, who married Agnes Mitchell, and had one son, Robert, who 
lived with his uncle at Auchengillan and farmed his lands, and would have 
been his heir had he not unfortunately met his death at Maryhill in 1864 
through an accident caused by an unmanageable horse. David had also two 
daughters, Mary, who married John M*Garvie, and had issue, and Janet, who 
married James Bissland, and had issue. 

James Provan, the second laird of Auchengillan of the Provan family, 

^In the old receipt book, already mentioned, there is a regular series of receipts for feu duty 

f>aid to the Duke of Montrose by James Provane, signed in succession by the Duke*s Chamber- 
ains — ^John Graham of Dou^alston, beginning in 1736; David **Grame" of Orchill, beginning 
1741 ; John Colquhoun, beginning 1752; David Grame, reappearing for a year in 1756; John 
Smith (writer in Buchanan), beginning in 1757; Alexander M*Culloch, from 1772; and George 
Menzies in 1789-91, the last receipt in the book. This comprehensive little volume also contains 
receipts for schoolmasters' salary, signed by John Finla3rson and John Maltman, and receipts for 
stipend from the Rev. James Baine, who was minister of Killearn when Ledlowan was bought 
in 1736, and following him from the Rev. James Morrison, afterwards minister of Strathblane, 
and next by the Rev. James Graham, who was minister of Killearn for many years. 

'The Kirk-Session of Killearn were a powerful body in those days, and before Mr. Provan 
could be married he required their permission. The following is their license : — " These certify 
that James Provan, in this our parish of Killern, is a free, single, unmarried person, free of 
scandal or ground of church censure (kno\% n to us), and may be allowed the benefit of pro- 
clamation in order to marriage with Janet Neilson, in the parish of Drymen. Is attested at 
Killern, Nov. 5, 1762 years, by Jo. Finlayson, sess. elk." 


attained the great age of 96 years and 6 months, and was proprietor of the 
Townhead for 60 years. He was bom and lived there all his life, and died 
there. He was a remarkably fine old man, very intelligent, and of a cheerful, 
kindly disposition, and so hale and hearty at 90 that he was still playing the 
bagpipes with vigour, and might possibly have lived to be 100 or more had he 
not inj\ired himself when about 91 by falling from the top of a stack of oats he 
was helping to build in harvest time. The present house at Townhead was 
built by him under the superintendence of his brother David. It is a capital, 
substantial building, many of the beams being of oak taken from a man-of-war 
which had been broken up at Greenock. Immediately after the death of Robert 
Provan his nephew, James Provan, made a settlement imder which he left the 
third of his whole means and estate to Moses Provan, his first cousin once 
removed, whose descent we have already given. James Provan died in 1865.^ 

Moses Provan on this event succeeded to a third of the old man's estate; 
but to arrange matters properly with the other legatees the landed property 
was put up for sale and bought in by him, and thus he became laird of the 
Townhead of Auchengillan. 

Moses Provan was a very well known man, accomplished, and of fine 
literary tastes, and his untimely death was much lamented by his many friends. ^ 
He married in 1871 Elizabeth Grieve, but died childless the same year. 

^ Mr. Provan was an elder of Strathblane. In days of old it was the custom in ihe 
parish to have visitations by the minister and elders in the different districts of it, when all the 
inhabitants were collected in one house, and there and then examined in their knowledge of 
the Bible and Shorter Catechism, and thereafter suitably admonished and exhorted. The 
author remembers well, though he could not have been more than six years old then, one of 
these events, and the awe with which he entered Mr. Provan's kitchen, where were assembled, 
all sitting solemnly round the room, Coubroughs, Aitkens, Ronalds, M'Indoes, Provnns, and 
many others of the district, including all his father's family, except the youngest, and all the 
farm and house servants in the district. The minister and elders stood at the top of the room. 
As far as he remembers things went off well on this occasion. There was, it is true, a good 
deal of stumbling over "Effectual calling" and "the reasons annexed" and other "kittle" 
questions, especially among the middle-aged ; but Mr. Hamilton Buchanan, the minister, one 
of the most amiable of men, was mild and gentle, and no one was painfully put to the blush. 
This was probably the last visitation of the kind that took place in the parish. 

^ Moses Provan was born at Easter Ledlowan, Kil learn, 21st September, 182 1. He began 
life in Glasgow as assistant to Mr. M'Leod, bookseller, but the greater part of his business 
career was in the firm of Messrs D. & A. Cuthbertson, accountants, of which in time he became 
a partner and eventually the head. He took a warm interest in the education and well-being 
of young men, and was one of the founders of what was called the Glasgow Commercial 
College, an institution intended to give young men in business the benefit of higher education. 
In 1847 the Athenaeum was formed at Mr. Provan's suggestion and mainly through his efforts, 
and the Commercial College was united to it. Mr. Provan is thus well entitled to be regarded 
as the founder of the Glasgow Athenaeum, and there is no doubt its subsequent success was 
very much owing to the intelligent way in which he assisted in forming the library and 
arranging the plans of classes and lectures. This he was well fitted to do from his knowledge 
of b<K)ks and his skill in classics, mathematics, and astronomy. In many other ways, too, 
Mr. Provan was a most useful citizen of Glasgow, especially in matters relating to education, 
science, and art. 



James Provan, brother of the last laird, succeeded to Auchengillan, and as 
already shown has considerably added to the estate. He takes a very warm 
interest in everything connected with the well-being of Strathendrick, and is 
one of the leading members of the Glasgow Water of Endrick Society. He 
is also Chairman of the Glasgow Athenaeum. Though he is essentially one 
of those who have "cam* oot o' the water," as Killeam folks say of natives 
of their parish, he has taken kindly to Strathblane, a parish with which his 
ancestors have been so long connected. 

Turning now to what we may call by way of distinction — 


the half or ten shilling land of the original Auchengillan, which was feued off 
by the Earl of Montrose in 1631 to John Wair, we find it in the beginning 
of the eighteenth century in the possession of William Weir, for so the name 
was now spelt, a descendant of the original feuar. His lands lay south-west of 
Townhead and Mid-Auchengillan, and extended down to Carbeth. William 
Weir married in 1753 Mary, daughter of David Provan, "the milner of the 
Miln of Letter," of whom mention has been already made. Part of his lands 
he farmed himself, and of parts William Buchanan and John Maiklom were 
tenants. After his death his widow life-rented his lands for many years, and 
they were ultimately sold by his heirs ^ early in this century. The purchasers 
of Auchengillan were Walter and James Aitken, whose father had long leased 
the lands from Mrs. Weir. 

Walter Aitken — James was always a bachelor — married in 18 13 Margaret 
Taylor, and died in 1855, aged 87. His widow died in 1860.2 Walter and 
James Aitken sold a small part of their lands^ to John Guthrie of Carbeth in 181 7, 
but with that exception, the son and nephew, James Aitken, succeeded to the 
whole. He was an active, energetic man, and one of the best curlers in the 

^ I795» "Weir's Heirs"— one half, Widow Weir and Archibald Gilchrist ; one quarter, James 
Thomson ; one quarter, Walter Aitken. — (Heritors' Minutes.) 

^ Walter Aitken used to tell numbers of old stories he had heard from his father of the doings 
of the Hi£;hlanders in Strathblane in the '45 and other events of bygone years, and as Mrs. Aitken 
was very kind and agreeable, and had always a supply of a peculiar kind of biscuit with a very high 
edge on which could be laid such a large Quantity of jelly that, in fact, the dainty morsel was jelly 
and biscuit rather than biscuit and jelly, the house was a very popular one when the writer was a 
child. Mrs. Aitken was born in the old farm-house at Carbeth which used to stand just where the 
road leading to Mr. Graham's part of Carbeth leaves the Strathblane and Drymen road. 
Walter Aitken was twenty years older than his wife, and remembered the wedding of her father 
and mother. They were married at Netherglin Farm, near Kippen, and all the young men at 
the wedding-party rode the whole way thence to Carbeth with the bride and bridegroom, and 
saw them safely housed. 

' See Carbeth Guthrie. 



Carbeth, practically the Strathblane, Curling Club, of which he was for long 
the secretary. He died in 1879, and his sisters, Mary and Agnes Aitken, 
Ix)mond Lodge, Killeam, now possess Auchengillan Aitken. 

It only now remains to explain the history of the other third part of the 
original Auchengillan, which may be called — 


This was a five shilling land, and was feued off, as already shown, in 1631 to 
Archibald Buchanan. It lay south-east of Aitken's and Provan's Auchengillans, 
and it continued in the Buchanans' hands till the beginning of this century, the 
last who possessed it being John Buchanan. He had two daughters, co-heiresses, 
who married respectively John Ronald and Robert Brock. John Ronald's wife 
inherited as her share — 


and she lived with her husband in a house which stood just where the road to 
Aitken's part of Auchengillan turns off the Drymen Road. It used to be a 
picturesque cottage, covered with beautiful ivy ; but after the Ronalds left it, it fell 
into decay, and is now a mass of ruins with fine plane trees growing in the middle 
of what used to be the kitchen. The Ronalds got into debt to John Douglas of 
Barloch, writer in Glasgow, and finally the place was sold in 1842 and 1849 to him 
and Robert Rankin Holmes, also writer in Glasgow. On the death of the latter his 
daughters succeeded, and, as already shown, it was from them acquired by the late 
Moses Provan and James Provan of the Townhead of Auchengillan. The other 
half of Auchengillan Buchanan, now called 


and consisting of the Laigh or East Park and The Butts, was the share of Robert 
Brock's wife. They had a son, Robert, who farmed the place himself after he 
succeeded, and kept a public-house in what is now Craigmore offices. This was 
one of the many places where the well-known " Wattie Buchanan " and his 
passengers in the Drymen coach — the old "Northern Champion" — used to refiresh 
themselves on their journey from Glasgow, the wearied horses meanwhile resting 
for a few minutes after dragging the lumbering vehicle up the steep hill fi-oni 

Robert Brock died before 1846, and the lands were put up for sale and 
bought by Daniel McGregor, stationmaster at Paisley. He improved them con- 
siderably, and built a house upon them, which he named Craigmore after a 



rocky bank covered with hazel and copsewood, on the lands of Carbeth and 
within sight of his new house. Mr. McGregor sold Cniigmore in 1855 to 
James Ritchie, manager of the Gas Light Company, Glasgow, and it is now in 
possession of his family. 

To complete the history of the twenty shilling land of Auchengillan in Strath- 
blane we have only to add that a very minute part of it is contained in the 
estate of Aucheneden, belonging to John J. Pollock, which lies otherwise in the 
parish of Killeam. This part is situated where Aucheneden and Auchengillan 
lands join on the Drymen Road, and is part of the Field of Muirland, which 
was formerly possessed pro indiviso by the portioners of Auchengillan, but has 
for long been united to the estate of Aucheneden.^ 


The compact little estate of Carbeth Guthrie was constructed, so to speak, 
by John Guthrie, West India proprietor and merchant in Glasgow, between the 
years 1808 and 1817. Its whole extent is 286 acres. It lies immediately to 
the south of Auchengillan. 

The original undivided Carbeth was a two merk land belonging to the 
Barony of Mugdock. It was feued in 1631 and 1632 with consent of his 
curators by James, Earl of Montrose, to the tenants then upon it, viz., James 
Hendrie, John M*Indoe, Gilbert Ware, and James M'Indoe, one fourth each, in 
consideration, as the deed of sale says, of " certain great sums of money " paid 
by them,^ and the usual "reddendo" in the Mugdock feus.^ A part only of 
the original Carbeth is in Carbeth Guthrie ; the Duke of Montrose still holds a 
part, James Freeland in Broadgate, as heir of the late John M'Indoe of Garvel, 
holds another, and Mr. Bams Graham of Craigallian holds the rest 

The greater part of the original fourth belonging to James M'Indoe, the 
whole of James Hendrie's fourth, and a part of John M*Indoe*s fourth, which 
had become George Ronald's, were all in the hands of James M'Indoe, after 

* Nimmo in his History of Stirlingshire gives many interesting etymologies, a number of them, 

however, very fanciful ; and he translates Auchengillan, **The Little Field of the Servant." Mr. 

James Provan of Auchengillan thinks, however, it means "The Field of the Servant of God," or 

•* Priest's Field," and argues that the Druidical meeting-places, of which there are supposed to be 

remains in the parish, and notably in the neighbourhood, on the estate of Duntreath, would make 

the services of a priest necessary, and Auchengillan was probably his dwelling-place. He also 

points out in confirmation of his theory that the word has some connection with Druidical worship, 

the fact that a form in the neighbourhood of the celebrated Druidical circle near Shiskin, Arran, is 

called Anchengallan, which seems to be the same name. It is needless, perhaps, to go so far back 

as the Druids, always supposing that any of the standing stones in Strathblane are Druidical, and 

not, as the author thinks, monuments of deceased warriors. The Priest of Auchengillan, if priest 

there was, may more likely have been some ancient Culdee saint or hermit, a follower of St. 

Ninian, St Mungo, or St. Blane, after the last of whom the parish may possibly be named. 

« Carbeth Guthrie Writs. • See Appendix. 



many changes^ and subdivisions in the year 1808, and from him John Guthrie 
bought them and began his operations and improvements. These lands lay 
about the centre of the present Carbeth Guthrie, and the old house upon them 
stood near some fine old ash trees about 100 yards west of what used to be 
the dog kennel and close beside the present avenue at the spot where the 
modem house first comes in sight In 181 5 Mr. Guthrie bought from James 
Norval, or Narwall as the name is spelt in the titles, part of the lands of 
Arlehaven.2 This is the most easterly part of Carbeth Guthrie and includes 
AUereoch and Blair or Blair's Hill, and in May, 1817, he had an excambion with 
Sir Charles Edmonstone by which he acquired, by giving up about 16 acres of 
Carbeth, a tongue of land of about 11 acres, part of Arlehaven, in the Barony 
of Duntreath, which ran right up to Carbeth Loch and divided the property 
very much into two. These arrangements formed the eastern part of the 
estate into its present shape. 

^ The two merk land of Carbeth was feued out in 1631-32 to the tenants then upon it, 
viz.— I, James M*Indoe; 2, James Hendrie; 3, John M*Indoe; 4, Gilbert Ware, in equal 
parts, 6/5 lands each. What followed was this: — 

1. James M'Indoe's fourth of Carbeth, or at least the greater part of it, for a small portion 
was acquired by James Colquhoun, descended from father to son— a James and a Walter 
alternately — ^till it arrived at the James M*Indoe who sold it to Mr. Guthrie in 1808. 

2. James Hendrie's fourth of Carbeth, after belonging to John and Robert Hendrie his 
sons, became the property of Robert's daughters, Grizel and Marion. Grizel married, and had 
a son and heir, Robert Leckie, who sold his lands to Patrick Leckie, cooper in Glasgow, who, 
in his turn, in 1750 sold them to Robert Provan, mason in Lettermiln m Killearn. On the 
26th November, 1753, there was a transaction between Robert Provan and James M*Indoe, 
portioner of Auchengillan, by which Robert Provan became laird of James M*Indoe*s fourth of 
Auchengillan (see Auchengillan), and James M'Indoe became laird of Robert Provan's fourth 
of Carbeth. This James M'Indoe was brother of Walter M*Indoe who possessed, as just shown, 
another fourth of Carbeth. He was tenant in Auld Marroch, and in 1757 he sold his land to 
his brother Walter, whose descendant, James M'Indoe, sold it along with his other fourth to 
Mr. Guthrie in 1808. 

3. John M'Indoe's fourth of Carbeth, as mentioned in the account of Garvel or Wester 
Carbeth, was early divided between his family and a family of the name of Ronald. The 
M'Indoe's eighth part of Carbeth remained in the family, and is now life-rented by the wife 
of the last John M'Indoe, but the Ronalds' eighth was again subdivided, part of it becoming 
the property of the Duke of Montrose, who still owns it, and part being sold back again in 
1756 by George Ronald to John M'Indoe's descendant, who retained it till 1780, when it was 
sold to James M'Indoe, from whom it was acquired, along with his own parts of Carbeth, 
by Mr. Guthrie in 1808. 

4. Gilbert Ware's fourth of Carbeth remained in his family till 1775, when it was sold 
by his great-great-grandson, Gilbert Weir, to James Colquhoun afterwards of Craigallian, as 
explained in the account of Craigallian. 

It is impossible to point out accurately the boundaries of the four divisions of Carbeth. 
James M'Indoe's and James Hendrie's fourths seem to have been to the eastward, Gilbert 
Ware's is to be found in Craigallian estate, and John M'Indoe's, afterwards divided between 
M*Indoes and Ronalds, lay to the westward — the M'ludoes' holding being the present Garvel, 
and the Ronalds' apparently a long narrow strip stretching from beyond Garvel Bridge on 
the Drymen Road in a north-easterly direction till it reached the Duntreath lands. The 
house belonging to the part now in Carbeth Guthrie stood on the side of the road from 
the Drymen Road to Strathblane, just opposite the road that now leads to Craigallian 
Carbeth, and the house belonging to the part now the property of the Duke of Montrose 
stood near Garvel Bridge. 

- Carbeth Guthrie and Arlehaven Writs. 



The place where the lodge on the Drymen Road now stands was, however, 
still in the hands of John M'Indoe, a descendant of the original feuar of it, and 
Mr. Guthrie, in order to have some land to make an excambion with him, 
bought in May, 1817, from Walter and James Aitken a portion of the lands of 
Sunnybank which formed part of Auchengillan. He gave some acres of this to 
John M'Indoe in exchange for sundry pieces of land where the lodge now 
stands. The contract of excambion was finally completed by 6th October, 
1817, 2i"d Carbeth, for it was not yet named Carbeth Guthrie, was complete 
and compact.^ 

Mr. Guthrie having thus rounded off his estate to the very great advantage 
in many ways not only of himself but of his neighbours, Auchengillan, Garvel, 
and Arlehaven, and having built good march dykes all round it, next took the 
old roads in hand, and under arrangements with the several neighbouring lairds 
and with the sanction of the Sheriff made some alterations and formed the 
present road which runs fi-om the Drymen Road to the Cult Brae. It is a little 
difficult to describe the old road which this replaced. It left the Drymen Road 
just at the present lodge gate and was carried nearly straight up to where the 
old house of Carbeth stood, as already described; it then turned to the south 
and passed close to where the present little lake lies within the policies; from 
that it went northward towards an old farm steading which stood just opposite 
to the road which now leads to the Townfoot of Carbeth (Mr. Bams Graham's); 
from thence it wandered about, keeping the hardest ground it could find, passing 
not very far from Old AUereoch steading, which stood about midway in a direct 
line between the present AUereoch House and the west end of Carbeth Loch, 
and passing also near the place where New AUereoch is now built, and finally it 
reached the top of the Cult Brae through Blair's Hill. The new road Mr. Guthrie 
made did not take the course he had wished. He had intended to have taken a 
much better line, avoiding the Cult Brae by keeping outside of Carbeth altogether 
and below Blair's Hill to the north, and thus reaching Strathblane by a gentle 
slope, and this he would have done at his own expense, but the laird of Dyke- 
house would not hear of it at all at first, and afterwards made such exorbitant 
demands, including a certain number of bunches of grapes every year, that Mr. 
Guthrie's patience gave way, and the whole district lost a road which would 
have greatly raised the value of all the properties in the neighbourhood. Mr. 
Poyer of the Cult also opposed this road. 

Mr. Guthrie found a few fine old trees on the place when he bought it, 
mostly round the old houses, and he afterwards planted Craigmore, Blair's Hill, 
and the other strips and plantations. He laid out the gardens, formed the 

^ Carbeth Guthrie Writs. 


pretty artificial lake within the grounds^ built the porter's lodge, where he used 
to live in the summer months when his construction of the estate was going on» 
and finally built the mansion house and offices of a very hard whinstone taken 
from a place near Auld Marroch Toll, masons being brought from Aberdeen to 
work it. 

The present farm steading was next built and the old one removed, which 
has already been described as standing opposite the road leading to Mr. 
Graham's Carbeth. A birch tree and a few laige stones beside it mark its site. 
Old Allereoch steading, also already described, had previously been removed. 
The place where it stood is on the north side of the present road, between an 
old tree with some stones beside it, on the east end, and an ash tree that 
formerly stood at the end of the byre, and still remains on a mound, on the 
west Before Mr. Guthrie removed this house he built for James Norval, who 
lived in it, the house at Braehead at the top of the Cult Brae. This was on a 
portion of Arlehaven which Norval retained. 

Among his other improvements was the removal of a comparatively new 
house which stood just where the present house of Allereoch now stands, and 
the building of a very pretty cottage, as an object of view from the drawing-room 
windows at Carbeth. This cottage was for long inhabited by the foresters on 
Carbeth, Allan Swing and Malcolm M'CoU. A small part of it has escaped 
the havoc made by recent proprietors of the estate, and is an '* annex" of 
New Allereoch. 

After Mr. Guthrie's death his heir William Smith added "Guthrie" to the 
name of the estate, and ever since 1834 it has been known as '^ Carbeth 

This description of Carbeth Guthrie has been somewhat long and minute, 
but there is no other place in the parish except Craigend which has so much 
changed its character since it left the hands of its original possessors — the 
Grahams. Mr. Guthrie found the greater part of it litde better than a peat 
hagg, and he left it, as the old Duke of Montrose used to say, "The Diamond 
of the Desert" 

John Guthrie, the maker, so to speak, of Carbeth, was the eldest son of 
Robert Guthrie of Baldernock and Elizabeth Smith, daughter of James Smith 
of Craigend, in the immediate neighbourhood. Early in life he went to the 
West Indies, and when he came home he joined the firm of Leitch & Smith 
of Glasgow, the business of his uncles, John Smith of Craigend, James Smith 
of Craighead, and Archibald Smith of Jordanhill. 

He took a considerable interest in the affairs of the city of Glasgow, and 
was a Magistrate, and in 1814 Dean of Guild. He died unmarried in 1834 at 
Mount Edgecumbe Cottage in Devonshire, leaving Carbeth to his first cousin, 



William Smith, second son of Archibald Smith of Jordanhill, and grandson 
of James Smith of Craigend.^ 

William Smith, like John Guthrie, was a West Indian proprietor, and like 
him, too, took a great interest and pride in Carbeth, 
keeping it in capital order, and by his judicious manage- 
ment making the plantations on it the best in this part 
of the country. From 1834 to 1861, when he reluctantly 
sold the place, he was the leading man in the parish, 
indefatigable in his attention both to county and parish 
business. He was also in his day a prominent and 
popular citizen of Glasgow, and was Dean of Guild in 
1821 and Lord Provost in 1822, and an active member 
of the corps of Glasgow Sharp-shooters, as Rifle Volun- *"''c%^"cuthkih." °' 
teers were then called.^ The purchaser of Carbeth ai Ji^tnc^jrnK jerdanuii 
Guthrie in 1861 was the Rev. John Caldwell Cochran ««.* n^u/nw /■ z.^™ ojiw. 
Brown, minister of Ceres. He bought it not as a residence, but as a specu- 
lation, and with this object in view he cut down the wood on Craigmore, and as 
much more in other places as he thought the estate could spare, and in 1872 
sold it at a considerable profit to Robert Hugh Fraser of Gla^ow. 

During the time Mr. Fraser held Carbeth he built a curious wood and 
glass addition of several rooms at the back of the house, removed the old stone 
gateway on the Drymen Road, and cut down the beautiful oak wood on Blair's 
Hill — one of the ornaments of the parish — and then in 1878 sold the somewhat 
mutilated estate to Ebenezer M'Alister, of Singapore. 

Mr. M'Alister promptly pulled down Mr. Fraser's addition to the house and 
built a more substantial one, and swept away the rustic gateway and built one 
of stone ; and it is to be hoped he will soon set himself to the task of re- 
planting Blair's Hill, and generally "redding up" his property. 

' Mr. Guthrie was a good -looking nun, and the writer has been lotd bjp ao old neighbour 
of his that when she was young many a glance did she and (be other lasses in Stralliblane 
Kirk cast at the "bonnie Ted cheeks and grand gowd spectacles" of the worthy man as he sat 
patiently listening to Dc. Hamilton's somewhat lengthy discourses. His portrait by Raebum 
at Mttgdock Castle quite bears out this description of the old gentleman. 

'William Smith died in 1871, aged 3$ years, liy his first wife, Jane, daughter of Alex- 
ander Cuningham, and grand -daughter of Sir William I'uuingham of Rotiertland, Bait., he had 
Archibald, late SheriETSubstituie of Lanarkshire, and Cuningham, merchant in Gla^^w, 
both of whom had families. By his second wife, Sarah, daughter of Henry WaUis of Marys- 
borough, and grand -daughter of Henry Wallis of Drishane, Co. Cork, and who died in 1877, 
aged 80, be had Henry Wallis, D. D., minister of Kirknewton and East Calder, who died 
November, 1885 ; John Guthrie of Mugdock and of William Euing & Co., GUagow ; Williajn, 
a colonel in the Royal Artillery ; and James George of Bombay and Liverpool, all of whom 
have mairied and have families; and Jane Cuningham, who married John Macredie, of the 
Perceton fkmity, and who died in 1862 ; and Helen Catherine, unmarried. 



James M'Indoe, the last of a long line of lairds of Carbeth, married Jean 
Graham, but died without issue. His brother, Robert M'Indoe, had by his 
marriage three sons — Walter, Charles, and Archibald, and one daughter, Mary. 

I. Walter M*Indoe, son of Robert M*Indoe and nephew of James M*Indoe, 
last of Carbeth, was a merchant in Virginia, U.S., and died unmarried. 

II. Charles M*Indoe, his brother, also went to Virginia, but returning home 
married, firstly, Todd, by whom he had a son and a daughter, who both 
died unmarried ; secondly, Janet Buchanan, by whom he had a son and a 
daughter — (i) John M*Indoe, who married Elizabeth, daughter of the late 
Andrew Macgeorge, and had two sons, Charles and John, who both married 
and had issue, and four daughters, and (2) Jane Brown, of whom afterwards. 

III. Archibald M'Indoe, calico printer at Barrhead, married Mrs. Robertson, 
a widow, and had several children, who all died in infancy. Mr. Archibald 
M'Indoe lived at Leddriegreen, Strathblane, in his latter days. 

IV. Mary M'Indoe married Francis Adam and had eight sons and five 
daughters — (i) Francis Adam, died young; (2) Robert Adam, died young; (3) 
James Graham Adam, married his cousin, Jane Brown M'Indoe, daughter of 
Charles M'Indoe, and had issue — four sons and seven daughters; (4) Francis 
Adam, married and had issue; (5) Archibald, married and had issue; (6) John, 
married and had issue; (7) and (8) sons who died in infancy. Of Mary 
M'Indoe and Francis Adam's five daughters, one died in infancy, one was 
unmarried, and three were married, viz., Mrs. John Allan, Mrs. Alexander 
Galloway, and Mrs. David Stevenson. Mrs. John Allan had a large family — 
four sons and six daughters. Francis W. Allan, merchant in Glasgow and a 
well-known Volunteer officer, is her second son. 


Wester Carbeth, or Garvel, or Garchill = Caerchoill — " the fort of the wood," 
is a three and four penny land. It is part of the original undivided two merk 
land of Carbeth, being about the half of the fourth part thereof feued to John 
M'Indoe, the tenant upon it in 1631. This John M'Indoe, or one of his im- 
mediate successors, sold half of his fourth to a family of Ronalds, and part of it 
is now in Carbeth Guthrie,^ and part belongs to the Duke of Montrose, the 
superior of the whole. The half which John M'Indoe did not sell, and which got 
the name of Garvel or Wester Carbeth, remained with his descendants, a succes- 
sion of Johns, the last of whom married Isabella Freeland, daughter of Archibald 

* See Carbeth Guthrie. 


Freeland in Broadgate, Strathblane; and on his death, without children, in 1863, 
in terms of his settlement, it passed to his brother-in-law, James Freeland, his 
wife being life-rented in it. Garvel extends to about 44 acres, and contains in 
it a small portion of the lands of Sunnybank, part of Auchengillan,^ which John 
Guthrie excambed with John M*Indoe, father of the last laird, in 181 7 for 
parts of his lands.^ The last John M^Indoe sold a small strip of ground, 
about an acre and a half, to the late George Wilson of Aucheneden when he 
was making his new avenue in 1855 ; and in 1863 about half an acre more was 
sold to Aucheneden. There has been no change on the lands of Garvel 


The lands of Craigallian and BallochaJary, which is the correct name of what 
is usually called " The Boards," and about one fourth of the lands of Carbeth, 
make up the present estate of Craigallian. It lies south-east of Carbeth 

The name Craigallian means ''Beautiful Rock," and the place originally was 
so called doubtless from the picturesque cliffs which overhang the eastern side 
of the fine loch on the estate. Craigallian and Ballochalary from an early 
date were conjoined, but it was not till 1784 that part of Carbeth was added 
to the estate. 

Craigallian and Ballochalary were feued off the Barony of Mugdock by 
James Earl of Montrose, with consent of his curators, to Walter Robison, who 
was tenant in one of the Ballewans, conform to feu charter dated 22nd August, 
1632. The instrument of sasine is recorded 26th February, 1634, and after 
the young Earl attained majority there was a ratification of these deeds dated 
27th August, 1642.' Walter Robison was succeeded by his son John* and by 
his grandson, another John, and by the latter the lands were alienated to John 

^ See Carbeth Guthrie. 

^Old John M*Indoe had a public-house on his property, the same which now exists, and 
no doubt he made more money from it than from his peaty acres ; he resolved, therefore, there 
should be no opposition from Mr. Guthrie at least, for already he was sorely beset. A mile 
south of him was Auld Marroch public-house ; half a mile north on Auchengillan was another ; 
and a quarter of a mile east, refreshments for man and beast were to be found in one of the old 
houses still standing on the edge of Craigallian estate, immediately south of the lake in the 
policies of Carbeth Guthrie. A fiAh public-house within a radius of one mile was clearly out 
of the question, so, probably more from a desire to protect himself than with a view of pro- 
moting sobriety in the district, he made it a burden on the parts of his lands he excambed 
with Mr. Guthrie that no spirituous liquor should ever be sold in any house built on them. 

• Craigallian Writs. 

*The testament dative and inventory of goods of the deceased "John Robisoune of 
Craigallethan," who died within the parish of " Strablaine " in June, 1664, is given up by 
Margaret Craig, his relict. John Craig of Cult is cautioner. — Com, of Glasgow, vol. 31. 



Bryson younger, merchant in Glasgow. The deeds relating to this sale are 
dated 23rd January and 2nd March, 1696.1 

The new laird of Craigallian came of a family who had long held a high 
place in the City of Glasgow. His father was Bailie Bryson, and his mother 
Jean, daughter of Edward Robertson, merchant in Glasgow, a cadet of the old 
family of Struan. The Bailie's father was another John Bryson, merchant in 
Glasgow, and his mother was Margaret Hill, daughter of Ninian Hill of Garioch, 
merchant in Glasgow, and Helen Hutcheson, sister of George and Thomas 
Hutcheson, the founders of the Hospital and School which bear their name.^ 

John Bryson of Craigallian married about 17 14 Elizabeth, daughter of 
Zachary Maxwell, and sister of Sir John Maxwell of Pollok, and on his death 
about 1749 his three daughters, Isobel, Marion, and Jean, succeeded as heiresses 
portioners. They were all by this time married, Isobel to Robert Dreghom, 
merchant in Glasgow, soon afterwards of Blochaim; Marion to John Hamilton 
of Barns and Cochna, merchant in Glasgow; and Jean to David Leitch, also 
merchant there.* 

These ladies did not hold the estate long, but with the consent of their several 
spouses sold it in 1751 to John Park, residing at Craigallian, and he almost 
immediately resold it to John Colquhoun of Hillhead, writer and clerk to the 
Regality of Glasgow.* 

John Colquhoun was fifth son of Andrew Colquhoun of Garscadden.* He 
died childless about 1784, and left Craigallian and Ballochalary to his nephew, 
James Colquhoun, second son of his brother William Colquhoun of Garscadden. 

The Colquhouns were then and still are a great family in Dumbartonshire, 
and then as now had a great taste for acquiring land, and this James, who 
succeeded his uncle in the Craigallian estate, was already a Strathblane laird, 

1 Craigallian Writs. 

^Hist, of HuUhesons' Hospital^ pp. 14 and 15, Wm. H. Hill. 

•Robert Dreghorn was younger brother of Allan Dreghom of Ruchill, but predeceased him. 
By Isobel Bryson, his wife, he had a son Robert^ afterwards of Blochaim and Ruchill, in which he 
succeeded his uncle Allan. He was the "Bob Dragon" of Glasgow fame. Elitabethy who died 
unmarried, and Margaret^ who was second wife of James Dennistoun of Colgrain. Mrs. Dennis- 
toun had four daughters, who eventually succeeded to their uncle's fortune — Isabella Bryson, who 
married Gabriel Hamilton Dundas of Westbum and Duddingston, and had issue ; Janet Baird, 
who married Hugh Maclean of Coll, and had issue ; Elizabeth Dreghom, who married Sir 
Duncan Campbell of Barcaldine, Bart, and had issue; and Mary Lyon, who married Sir Wil- 
liam Baillie of Polkemmet, Bart., and had issue. 

John Hamilton of Bams and Marion Bryson are the grand-parents of Miss Grace Hamil- 
ton, the venerable proprietrix of Bams and Cochna, in the neighbouring parish of East Kil- 

David Leitch and Jean Bryson were the ancestors of the Yuilles of Darleith and others. 

* Craigallian Writs. 

''The Colquhouns of Garscadden and KlUermont are descended from John, second son of 
John Colquhoun, 7th of Camstradden, 1530-63, an early cadet of Luss. — Ckitfs of Colquhoun, 
vol. ii. p. 189. 


having in 1758, 1775, ^^^ '7^° acquired successively parts of Carbeth from 
Walter M'Indoe, Gilbert Ware, and James M*Indoe,i descendants of two of the 
old tenants on the original two merk land of Carbeth. 

Craigallian, Ballochalary, and about a quarter of the original Carbeth,* were 
thus united into one estate in 1784, and have so continued to the present day. 

James Colquhoun of Craigallian and Garscadden, to the latter of which he 
had succeeded on the death of his brother William, died unmarried in 1801 
and was succeeded in Garscadden by his nephew, William Dalzell Colquhoun, 
W.S.,^ and in Craigallian by his sister Jean and the same nephew as heirs 
portioners. The laird of Garscadden died in 1806 and was succeeded by his 
aunt, Miss Jean Colquhoun. She and his trustees sold the Craigallian estate 
in 1807 to Adam Graham, and when she died unmarried in 1821 Garscadden 
fell into the Killermont family of Colquhouns. 

Adam Graham who thus purchased Craigallian was a younger son of William 
Graham of Lymekilns, the head of an old family long settled in the parish of 
East Kilbride in Lanarkshire. He died in 1824 after having executed a Dis- 
position and Deed of Entail under which his grand-nephew John Graham, 
second son of Alexander Graham of Lymekilns, succeeded. 

John Graham, or as he was afterwards styled John Graham Barns-Graham, 
when he succeeded to Lymekilns and the Ayrshire estate, was a pronounced 
politician of the Liberal type, and possessed of great influence in Lanark- 
shire and Renfrewshire, perhaps somewhat eccentric, and with peculiar 
views of his own as to the management of his estates, but withal a thoroughly 
agreeable acquaintance and firm friend, well informed, conversational, and 
hospitable. He died a bachelor in 1875, and Lymekilns, Craigallian, and his 
other estates were inherited by his cousin, Allan Graham, eldest surviving son of 
Patrick Graham of Robshill, by Janet, daughter of Allan PoUok of Faside.^ 

1 Craigallian Writs. 

' The Craigallian part of Carbeth consists of ihe whole or nearly so of the fourth pw t, or 
six and eight penny land, of the two merk land of Carbeth, which was feued 14th April, 1632, 
to Gilbert Ware, and sold by his great-great-grandson, another Gilbert Ware or Weir, to James 
Colquhoan in 1775. It consists also of small parts of the other fourth of Carbeth, feued at the 
same time to James M'Indoe, and it was his great-grandson, Walter M'Indoe, and great-great- 
grandson, James M'Indoe, who were the sellers to the Colquhouns. 

'William Dalzell Colquhoun, W.S., was the son of Margaret Colquhoun, sister of James 
Colquhoun of Garscadden and Craigallian, and David Dalzell, her husband, merchant in Glas- 
gow. William Dalzell Colquhoun married Elizabeth Glen, youngest daughter of Sir Islay 
Campbell of Succoth, Bart., and died s. p. in Edinburgh, 28th January, i8o(S. 

' These estates were : — In Lanarkshire — Lymekilns, including Bogton and Shieldbum ; Cambos- 
lang, including Westbum, Gilbertfield, Overton, Kirkhill, and Chapel. In Renfrewshire — Fereneze, 
including Capellie, Killock, Boyleston, and other farms ; also public works and part of Barrheaul, and 
Greenhaggs. In ^^j^r<^~Kirkhill, including Hobsland and Fairylees, Auchenharvie, Overloch- 
ridge, and Laigh Fenwick. In •Sr!fr/?lf^x^>1^--Craigallian, including Ballochalaiy and parts of 



A fine old-fashioned mansion, built by the Brysons, stood on the site of the 
house just built, but after the Colquhouns ceased to live at Craigallian it was 
occupied in part only, and gradually falling into ruins, was taken down about 1850, 
and replaced by a convenient farm-house, which for many years was occupied by 
the tenant of the farm. After some additions and improvements, it was occupied 
in 1878 by Mr. Lindsay Small, who was then acting as factor for Mr. Barns- 
Graham, his brother-in-law. In the summers of 1881 and 1882 Mr. Barns-Graham 
lived in it himself, and in the autumn of 1883 it was taken down to make way for 
the present handsome house, which was finished in the autumn of 1885 and is 
now occupied by the laird and his promising family. 



This branch of the Grahams has long been settled at Knocklegoil, re-named, in 
the time of Laird Patrick Graham, Lymekilns — a good name changed into a very 
commonplace one, though undoubtedly the laird was right, for " Lymekillis," part 
of the "terras dominicales de Kilbride," is mentioned in a deed dated nth March, 
1541.^ This Patrick Graham of Lymekilns was bom in 1658. His wife was 
Margaret Lindsay, a lady descended from the old Cambuslang families of 
Cunningham of Gilbertfield and Hamilton of Westburn, and whose estates both 
eventually came by purchase into the Craigallian family. 

Patrick Graham had many children, and on his death in 1733 his eldest sur- 
viving son, William, succeeded. 

William Graham of Lymekilns, bom in 1697, was the father by Jean Reid, 
daughter of John Reid of Kittochside, of a large family, the eldest of whom, Patrick, 
succeeded his father in Lymekilns, and the youngest, Adam, who was bom in 
1742, was the purchaser in 1807 of Craigallian. 

Patrick Graham of L3rmekilns was bom in 1722. His wife was Margaret, 
daughter of Alexander Urie of Holmhead, and by her he had, with others, Alex- 
ander, his successor, and John of Robshill, the grandfather of Allan Graham 
Bams-Graham, now of Craigallian and Lymekilns, etc. Patrick Graham died in 

Alexander Graham of Lymekilns married Margaret Cochrane, and had six 
sons — 

I. Patrick, who inherited the Lanarkshire estates of Lymekiln^, Dripps, Bogton, 
Shieldburn, and others, and who assumed the name of Barns in 1850. The reason 
he assumed the name of Bams was this : — 

^ Reg, Mag, Sig,^ a.d. 1 541, 28 Jac. V. 


John Bams of Kirkhill, in Ayrshire, son oi Robert Barns of Kirkhill,* was a 
merchant in Glasgow, and in 1789 entailed his estate on a certain line of heirs. 
He had two sisters, Jean, wife of 
John Picken of Ibrox, and Margaret, 
wife of Alexander Urie of Holmhead. 
Mrs. Jean Picken had a daughter, 
Jean, who married Alexander Steven- 
son, physician in Glasgow, and of 
Dalgaim, Ayrshire, and had a son, I 
James Stevenson, who succeeded his 
grand-uncle, John Bams, in 1791, and 
assumed his name in terms of the 
entail.' He rose to be Lieutenant- 
Geneial Sir James Stevenson Bams, 
K.C.B., and died without issue in 
J 8 5a Mrs. Margaret Urie, John 
Bams' other sister, had a daughter, 
Margaret, who married, as already 
shown, Patrick Graham of Lyme- 
kilns, and on Sir James Stevenson 

Bams* death in 1850, her grandson, armorial sEAnrKos at allan graham barks-oahah 
Patrick Graham of Lymekilns, sue- AingiiUrrJandMoiricniatrdiHUuL^mojia. 
ceeded him, and in terms of the entail assumed the name and arms of Bams. 

2. John, the heir of his grand-uncle, Adam, in Craigallian, and possessor of the 
estate of Cambuslang and part of Fereneze. 

3. Alexander of Capellie and Boyleston. 

4. William, who died young. 

5. Hugh, who also died young. 

6. James of Fereneze. 

Alexander Graham of Lymekilns had two daughters who grew up, Elizabeth, 
who lived to a good old age, and died at Lymekilns, greatly and widely respected ; 
and Agnes, who married Woronzow Greig, son of the celebrated authoress, Mrs. 
Sommerville, by her first marriage. 

Alexander Graham of Lymekilns died 27th March, i8ao, and was succeeded in 
tum as Laird of Lymekilns by his sons, Patrick, Alexander, and John of Craig- 
allian. These all died childless, and on the death of John Graham Barns-Graham 

'This bunily were merdunts in Glasgow early in the seventeenth century, John Bames being 
Dean of Guild in 1631. 

' Dr, Stevenson had also John, anerwards of Dalgaim, an advocate, who died unmarried, and 
Jane, who also died unmarried. 


in 1875, the united estates of the whole family passed, as already shown, to their 
first cousin once removed, Allan Graham, who thereupon became Allan Graham 
Barns-Graham of Lymekilns, Craigallian, and the other estates.^ 


The estate of Craigend which adjoins Craigallian is composed of several parts 
of the Barony of Mugdock, and part of Easter Mugdock or Mugdock Mitchell, 
acquired at different times by the Smiths, originally tenants and afterwards for 
about two hundred years lairds of it. Their first acquisition was but a small 
one, being little more, in fact, than the site of their house and garden and 
grass for a cow or two. It is described in the original feu charter as "that 
house and land with the pasturage and pertinents called the Craigend of Mug- 
dock, extending to ten acres or thereby, being a proper part and pertinent of 
the twenty shilling land of the Park of Mugdock."* The date was 1657, and 
the person to whom it was feued, by James second Marquis of Montrose, was 
William Graham, ^brother of John Graham of Peach, but there was added an 
express reservation in favour of Robert Smith, then a minor, to the eflfect that 
he was to have an opportunity of redeeming the house and land on certain 

John Smith, father of this Robert, was the last of a long line of tenants in 
Craigend. His wife was Margaret, daughter of James Graham of Peach. John 
Smith died in 1647 when his son was only three years old. In 1670 Robert 
Smith married Marion, daughter of John Fergus of Baldemock, and assisted by 
her portion he was enabled to redeem his land and become first laird of Craig- 
end. At this time and for long afterwards Craigend was oflen called the 
Gallowknowe or Gallowhill. The first addition to Craigend was made in 1734, 
when James Smith, who is styled "of Gallowhill," bought from John Graham 
his cousin the lands of 


This was a six shilling and eight penny land of old extent, and was one 

^ Patrick Graham of Robshill, W.S., son of John Graham of Robshill and grandson of Patrick 
Graham of Lymekilns, married Janet, daughter of Allan Pollock of Faside, and had four sons — 
ycfhtti bom 1832, died 1859 ; Allan^ now of Lymekilns and Craigallian ; Patrick^ bom 1836, died 
1862; T/iomas, born 'i 841 ; and two daughters — Jane Coats ^ who married John Balfour, and has 
an only daughter ; Nina, wife of Robert, eldest son of Sir James Dalrymple Horn Elphinstone of 
Horn and Ix>gie Elphinstone, Bart. ; and Marion, who married Captain Robert Cadell, H.E.LC.S., 
and died in 1866, leaving a son and two daughters. 

Allan Graham Bams-Graham, now of Lymekilns and Craigallian, was bom in 1835, ^^^ married 
in 1868 Wilhelmina, daughter of William Carstairs, M.D., H.E.I.C.S., and has issue — Patrick, 
born 1869; Jane Mddrum, bora 1870 ; Allan, bom 1874 ; John, bom 1877 ; Marion, bom 1878; 
fVilMmina, bom 1880 ; Katherine Isabel, bora 1883 ; Gordon, bom 1885. 

'Craigend Writs. 



of the old &nns on the Barony of Mugdock which had been early feued out 
to a family of Grahams supposed of the Dougalston branch.^ It was the 
nearest mailing or faim to the Castle, and lay immediately to the east of Craig- 
end. The house, which was removed some forty years ago, stood just above 
the north-east comer of Mugdock Loch, A further addition to the estate was 
the purchase of three quarters of the Westetton of 
Easter Mugdock. This was made in 1810 by John 
Smith. One half of these lands had early be- 
longed to a family of Edmonstones, but latterly 
portioner John Graham held them, and the other 
fourth, originally feued off to James Bryce in 1657, 
was held by his descendants till John Smith's 
purchase in 1810. The Grahams' house and the 
Bryces' house were both in the old burgh of Mug- 
dock, the Grahams' being that now occupied by the 
shepherd and the Bryces' that by the coachman of ssal of jouk smith of 
Mr. James Keyden, the feuar of the new house of At nguund in tk, It^™ ofia. 
the Westerton of Mugdock. This house was built some years ago on what 
was called the Shepherd's Hill, and where the markets were formerly held. 
The other fourth of the Westerton of Mugdock is part of Mr. Brown's estate 
of Middleton of. Mugdock.' In 1818 the estate of Craigend was much en- 
larged by the purchase of 


This part of the Barony of Mugdock, a twenty shilling land of old extent, 
lies to the north-east of the Craigend of Mugdock, and was early feued off to 
families of the name of Buchanan' and Lyle.^ In 1755 Charles Lyle of Dun- 
burgh, tacksman of the Mill of Duntreath, was entered as heir of James Lyle, 
his brother, in these lands now reunited, and his grandson, Archibald Lyle, 
dyer in Bucklyvie, conveyed them to James Smith of Craigend in 1818.' The 

lh«te lands to James Smith. A deed among the Craigend Writs eiplains this apparent 
discrepancy. In 1733 there is an Instrument of Sasine in favour of John Gmham, secotid 
son of Robert Graham, portinner of Lambhill, of the Peach family, and Mary Ronald, 
daughter of Thomas Ronald in Buchley, spouses. This John Graham conveyed the lands (rf 
Peach to James Smith in 1734; but Thomas Ronald held an heritable bond for 2,000 merks 
Scots over the lands. After several transmissions they were vested in John Smith of Craigend 
in iSoo. 

■ See Middleton of Mugdock. 

■6th Feb., 1738, James Buchanan Infefted in the "Muirhmds of Dwnbroch" (Reg. Sas.). 

* Reg. Sasines. * Craigend Writs. 



Duke of Montrose sold the superiority of Dunburgh to Alexander Graham of 
Ballagan in 1793. This part of Craigend is therefore held of Miss Janet Gloriana 
Graham, heir of entail in possession of Ballagan. The old farm-house be- 
longing to these lands stood close to Dumbroch I^ch. Its last inhabitant was 
Ebenezer Faterson, and there is now not a vestige of it to be seen, and man 
and house would be utterly forgotten were it not that the loch which lay just at 
his door is still sometimes called ''Ebie's Loch," a name it got when Ebenezer 
was a well known man in the district The final addition to Craigend^ viz., 


Otherwise Miltoun, and the Lurg poffle, were purchased in November, 1820, by 
James Smith, from Miss Isobel Robertson, heiress of her uncle, James Robert- 
son, and of her father, Matthew Robertson, printer and bookseller in Glasgow. 
The mill and mill services of "Mill Davy, with an acre of land belonging 
thereto, and a servitude of four cows and one horse, to be pastured yearly upon 
the toun and lands of Edenkill, and with bannock and knaveship of said mill 
conform to use and wont," were feued by the second Marquis of Montrose in 
February and March, 1657, to Robert Miller in Milndavie Mill This was the 
mill of a large part of the Barony of Mugdock and of Easter Mugdock, 
the "sucken" of it being the following lands: — Craigallian, Carbeth, Auchen- 
gillan, Quinloch, Kilmannan, Leddriegreen, Dumbroch, Peach, Easter,^ Wester, 
and Middle Mugdocks, The Parks, The Craigend, with all the poffles and per- 
tinents thereof, and the lands of the Woodend of Mugdock. The tenants and 
feuars thirled to Milndavie were bound to mill there all their "grindable oats," 
except seed oats, and to pay the usual dues. They were bound to wait twenty 
days at the mill for wind and water, provided it was not the miller's default, but 
the tenants were to be preferred to all others. The tenants of lands thirled to 
the mill were bound to repair it and the dam, and to lead home new stones, 
except the tenants of the three touns of Easter Mugdock, who were exempted 
from everything but the dues. The miller was bound to grind the superior's 
oats "so oft as he shall reside at Mugdock, free of all multure, knaveship, or 
bannock." Milndavie passed from the Millers to a family of Buchanans. In 
1758 William Buchanan was laird, and in 1795 another William was in posses- 
sion, but by 1803 it had passed to the Robertsons, from whose heiress James 
Smith bought it, as already shown, with its pertinents, which were about one 

^ For some reason, not now known, part of the lands of the Easterton of Easter Mugdock 
was sucken to the Mugdock Mill, and when it fell into disuse the portioners of these lands 
had no miller to fear, and were in the happy and unusual position in these days of being able 
to take their grain to any mill they pleased. In chap. xiii. vol. i. of Sir Walter Scott's 
Monastery there is an amusing account of Hob Miller*^ visit to the Tower of Glendearg to look 
after ** distracted multures,'' 


third of Edenkill and part ot I-,urg or Lurg Acre.^ These various purchases 
made up the estate of Craigend' as it now stands. 

James Smith, the last laird but one, like his first cousin, John Guthrie of 
Carbeth, had a good deal of trouble rounding off his estate, rearranging the farms, 
and getting roads and marches made to suit his rather lofty ideas. The old original 
house was simply the steading of a small farm, and no doubt was a poor enough 
afifair. About the end of last century, the laird having by this time become a 
West India proprietor, had more money to spend, and built a very comfortable, 
suitable house, square, with the chimneys up the middle. But this was not 
fine enough for the next laird, James Smith. Soon, therefore, after his father's 
death in 1816 it was pulled down, and the present fine Castle was erected on 
the site of the old building. The road from Craigallian to Strathblane had 
hitherto passed right in firont of Craigend house, going onwards through what is 
now the garden, then passing close to the Peach Farm, and joining the road 
from Mugdock to Strathblane just where the present porter's lodge stands. As 
this old highway injured the amenity of the Castle by being so close to it, 
James Smith, after some trouble, and with the sanction of the Sheriff, and his 
neighbours, was allowed to alter it to the present line. This was about 1824, 
and the principal entrance to Craigend was for long by the gate on this new 
road near the present stables. Mr. Smith died in 1836, but not before he had 
made an excambion with the Duke of Montrose by which he obtained part of 
Mugdock Park in exchange for sundry acres of the Westerton of Mugdock.^ 
This acquisition was to enable him to make a new avenue to the east. His 
widow finished it after his death. The road fi'om Craigend gate to the new 
Strathblane road was also made about this time, and is still known as *' Smith's 
Road." 8 

^EdenkiU was feued off the Barony of Mugdock to families of Wilsons, Grahams, and 
Robertsons, one third to eai:h. The Wilson and Graham thirds, and five and a half acres 
of the Robertsons', afterwards Buchanans* third are now included in the estate of Leddri^^reen. 
The family of Buchanans who bought from the Robertsons, held for long Milndavie and Kirk- 
house, besides their one third of Eidenkill. Before 1793 they parted with their third of Eden- 
kill to Richard Allan, from whom it passed to the Robertsons and was thus reunited to Miln- 
davie. Lurg or Lurg Acre was a pendicle of Edenkill, and seems at first to have belonged 
either to the Wilson or Graham third, which both belonged by the end of last century to 
John Dougall M'Kean, farmer in Vicarland. M'Kean sold to William Buchanan of Milndavie 
the part of Lurg called Mill Yetts, and this, with about one third of Edenkill, are the per- 
tinents of Milndavie, which with it now form part of Craigend estate. When M'Kean sold the 
Wilson and Graham thirds of Edenkill to Walter Robison of ^Leddriegreen in 1787, the 
remainder of Lurg, with the exception of a part belonging to Mrs. Jean Luke or Crawford, 
went with them. Mrs. Luke's part of Lurg was bought by James Smith. 

* See Westerton of Mugdock. 

* James Smith built near the present south lodge of Craigend a handsome castellated tower, 
partly as an ornament to his grounds and partly for the sake of the splendid view which is to be 
had from the top of it. It is called in the parish *' Smith's Folly." 



The last Smith laird of Craigend was John Smith, who succeeded his father in 
1836, and in 1851 the estate was sold. 

The Smiths were a thoroughly Strathblane race, and the tradition in the lamilj' 
is that they took their name, when surnames came into use, from their occupation, 
that of the smiths and annourers of the Barony of Mugdocic The remams of 
charcoal furnaces and scoriae of iron dug up at Craigend tend to confirm this, and 
to show, too, that the Smiths calcined and fused their own iron. Be this, however, 
as it may, there is no doubt they were at the Craigend of Mugdocic, which is 
within a short distance of the Castle, at a very early date. They are known to have 
been there in the fifteenth century, and in the middle of the sixteenth, Robert 
Smith, then tenant, was drowned in Craigallian Loch when in the pursuit of 
game. He was buried in Strathblane churchyard, and in memory of his fate a gun 
was sculptured on his gravestone j but this had become obliterated in course of 
time, and the stone was removed when Robert Smith, the first laird of Craigend, 
placed his new gravestone on or near the spot, towards the end of the seveoteeDtb 
century, and incised upon it — 

Thjs is the bnrying-place 
Of Robert Smith and 
MarioD Fergus tmd 
Theic descendants, 1685. 
There is little of general interest to tell of this old Strathblane family. Members 
of it were out with the Great Marquis in his wars, and one of them, John, a 
younger son of the laird, was in the army in Holland when the Dutch and 
Austiians, and the British under the Duke of Cum- 
beriand, were beaten by the French under Marshal 
de Saxe at Lafield^ and July, 1747,^ and James 
Guthrie, nephew of a succeeding laird, was an 
officer in the Royal Navy towards the close of the 
eighteenth century; but with these exceptions there 
were no soldiers or sailors at Craigend. None of 
the family were clergymen, lawyers, or doctors. Two 
younger sons of literary tastes were booksellers, but 
the lairds themselves were wholly given to agricul- 
tural and pastoral pursuits Up to the end of the 
eighteenth century, 

% nii^iifd)'ami njitw^ They always, however, held a good position 

,*iiuLy,^o^i. among the Strathblane lairds, and when the great 

I The Sliathblane lad was wounded there, and retired to Glasgow, where he set up a 
bookseller's shop, and establi^ed the Srst drcolatiiig libiaiy in the dtj, which is still 
fknuishing under the st^le of John Smith & Son, though no Smith is now in it. 

ti jnm'craigtndi-mi 



West India sugar trade gained a footing in Scotland, the family of Craigend, 
principally through the energy of a younger son, Archibald, afterwards of 
Jordanhill,^ took an early part in it, and prospered exceedingly, the Westerton 
of Mugdock, Dumbroch, and Milndavie were bought, and the Castle built; 
roads were altered, and all preparations made for a long succeeding line of 
Smiths of Craigend. but it was not to be. The fortune, and for those times 
it was a very large one, gradually melted away till it finally disappeared, and 
the estate was sold in 185 1 to Andrew Buchanan, of whom hereafter. 


Robert Smith, ist laird of Craigend, was born in 1644. He married Marion 
Fergus, and had Johfiy his successor; Robert married Elizabeth Watson; and 
Janet married George Ronald of Carbeth, and had issue. Robert Smith of 
Craigend died in 1722. 

John Smith, 2nd laird of Craigend, bom 1675, married Margaret Williamson, 
daughter of James Williamson, of Middleton of Mugdock, and had nine children, 
of whom four were married— ^/izw^j, his successor; William^ who married 
Margaret Bissland, and had two daughters;^ Archibald^ married Janet Bowie; 
his daughter Jean married Robert Forsyth, and was mother of the late Rev. 
Dr. James Forsyth, of Aberdeen. John^ after he returned wounded from the 
batde of Laffeldt, married Susannah Crawford and had several children.^ John 
Smith of Craigend died in 1732. 

James Smith, 3rd laird of Craigend, born 1708, married Jean Duncan, 
daughter of John Duncan, of Killeam. His eldest daughter, Elizabeth^ married 
Robert Guthrie, and was mother of John of Carbeth and James, R.N., both of 
whom died unmarried. His sons were John, his successor; James, of Craig- 
head, who married Maigaret McGregor, and died childless; Robert, married 

^ Archibald Smith of Jorclanhill was the father of James Smith, a well-known geologist and 
Biblical critic; grandfather of Archibald Smith, a most accomplished mathematician and exhaustive 
writer on the compass and other abstruse subjects; and great-grandfather of James Parker Smith, 
the present proprietor of Jordanhill {Old Country Houses of the Old Glasgow Gentry y second 
edition, p. 142). William Smith of Carbeth Guthrie, in this parish, was a younger son of 
Archibald Smith of Jordanhill. 

'(i) Elizabeth, married to John Barclay, whose representative in Strathblane is his grand- 
dauc^hter, Elizabeth Barclay, now Mrs. Donald McNeil; and (2) Margaret, married to John 
Graham, whose representative in Strathblane is his grand-daughter, Janet Graham, daughter 
of Miller Graham of Milndavie, and widow of John Moir, late in Wester Leddriegreen. 

*His eldest son, John, was father of (i) the late Dr. John Smith of Crutherland, well 
known for literary and antiquarian tastes, and as secretary of the Maitland Club, and (2) of 
Klizabeth Smith, afterwards Mrs. Frands Brown, mother of Mary Brown, the late Mrs. 
M'Duff of Bonhard. 



Catherine Beattie, and had a family ; ^ Archibald^ of Jordanhill ; IVilliam^ who 
died young. A younger daughter, Jeany married Andrew Buchanan of Borrow- 
stowness, and had -issue. James Smith of Craigend, died in 1786. 

John Smith, 4th laird of Craigend, bom 1739, married in 1788 Janet Short- 
ridge, whose ancestors, the SpreuUs of Glasgow, are said to be descendants of 
Walter Spreull, seneschal in the fourteenth century of the Earl of I^ennox. By 
her he had Hannah, who married in 1809 Andrew Ranken, merchant in 
Glasgow, and had a large family;^ James, his successor; John and Archibald, 
who both died unmarried. John Smith of Craigend died in 18 16. 

James Smith, 5th laird of Craigend, married Agnes Maxwell Graham, and 
had John, his successor ; James Graham, who married Janet Dunlop of Clober, 
and had issue, and assumed the name of Maxwell on succeeding to Merksworth ; 
Archibald, Charles, Andrew^ and two daughters; Janet, who died unmarried, 
and Agnes Graham, who married David, thirteenth Earl of Buchan, and had 
issue. James Smith of Craigend died in 1838. 

John Smith, 6th and last laird of Craigend, died unmarried at Inveresk, 2nd 
June, 1851, and was buried with his ancestors in Strathblane Churchyard. 


Craigend was bought from the Smiths by Andrew Buchanan. The Buchanans 
from whom his family originally sprang were a branch of the principal family of 
the name and owned Gartacharan, a small property near Drymen ; but his 
more immediate progenitors were the Buchanans of Auchentorlie, who are 
descended from George, a younger brother of the laird of Gartacharan.^ 

Archibald Buchanan of Auchentorlie was third son of this George ; his wife 
was Martha, daughter of Provost Peter Murdoch and Mary Luke of Claythom, 
and their two elder sons dying without issue, the third, Andrew Buchanan of 
Ardenconnel, in Dumbartonshire, carried on the line. He married in 1769 

^The eldest of this family was the late Stewart Smith of Glasgow, who was Bailie in 
1820-28, and Dean of Guild 1828-30, and was otherwise an active citizen. Stewart Smith 
had a large family, and his sons, William, James Graham, and Charles Hutchison Smith are 
now citizens of Glasgow. 

^ His eldest son is Alexander Ranken, formerly of Glasgow. His eldest daughter, Janet, 
married James Macnair of Aucheneck, and has many descendants. Hannah, her eldest 
daughter, is the wife of Charles Gairdner, manager of the Union Bank of Scotland ; Jemima 
Janet married David Macfarlan, Royal Artillery ; Anne married John Macfarlan, his brother ; 
and Elizabeth Dunlop married her cousin, the Rev. Henry Wallis Smith, D.D., of Kirk- 
newton, who died in 1885 ; Euphemia, another of Andrew Ranken and Hannah Smith's 
daughters, married Matthew Pearce, late of Glasgow, and their descendants are many. 

'See Old Country Homes of (he Old Glasgcw Gentry, second edition, p, 186, for an interest- 
ing account of the Buchanans of Glasgow. 


Jane, daughter of James Dennistoun of Colgrain, and died in 1835. His eldest 
son, Archibald, was father of the late Andrew Buchanan of Auchentorlie, who 
died childless, and his second son, James of Blairvadick, a merchant in 
Glasgow, who married Janet, daughter of James, twelfth Earl of Caithness, 
was the father ol Andrew, the purchaser of Craigend.^ 

Andrew Buchanan was bora in 1807, and early in life entered the diplo- 
matic service. After being an Attach^, Secretary of Legation, and Charg^ 
d'Affaires at various Courts, he was appointed in 1852 Minister in Switzerland. 
In 1S53 he was removed as Envoy-Extraordinary to Copenhagen, and he was 
sent in 1858 to Madrid, and in 1S60 to the Hague. In 1863 he was ap- 
pointed Ambassador to Berlin. In 1864 he was transferred to St. Petersburg 
with the same high rank, and finally, in 1871, he became Ambassador at 

There were few men who were so constantly employed in diplomacy, or 
who represented Great Britain at 
so many Courts; and throughout 
his long and brilliant career Sir 
Andrew was uniformly successful 
in supporting with dignity and 
good temper the interests of his 
country, and securii^ the friend- 
ship and respect of the Courts to 
which he was accredited. When 
he retired in 1877 he was offered 
a peerage in recognition of his 
services. This he declined, but 
afterwards accepted a baronetcy 
under the style of Sir Andrew 
Buchanan of Dunburgh, from the 

place of that name in Craigend.* ^„g arhobial bkabincs of the buchakaks or DUNBum-M 
He finished his useful life in the barohbts, 

parish of his adoption, and died -*"«'. LumifH. 

at Craigend in November, i88a. His pleasant manners, interesting conversation, 

'Mr. James Buchanan and Latly Janet lived at Craigend from l8jl lill i860, when Ihe 
former died. Many in the parish must Etill remember tbe tall, erect hgure of the handsome 
old man, and none who knew her can soon forget (he amiability and kindly placid manneis 
of the equally handsome old lady. 

'The Buchaiuns or Craigend represent, and bear, the arms of Ardenconnel, as registered 
in tbe Lyon Office, Edinburgh. But in virtue of a Royal licence, dated 8th April, 1879, and 
recorded in the Collie of Arms, London, pursuant to a warrant from the Earl Marshal ul 
Enslaiid, thqr are entitled to use supporters also. The words of the Royal licence are — 
'* Know ye that, although the privilege of bearing supporters be limited to the Peers of our. 


and strikingly handsome appearance all united in making him alike a credit 
and an ornament to Strathblane. 

Sir Andrew married, firstly, in 1839 Frances Katherine, daughter of the 
Very Rev. Edward Mellish, Dean of Hereford. She died in 1854, leaving a 
large family,^ of whom the eldest, now Sir James Buchanan, a retired naval 
officer, succeeded to the estate and baronetcy. Sir Andrew married, secondly, 
in 1857, the Hoa Georgiana Elizabeth, third daughter of Robert Walter, 
eleventh Earl of Blantyre, and she survives him. 

Sir James Buchanan, who was bom in 1840, succeeded his father as second 
baronet He married 19th February, 1873, Arabella Catherine, youngest 
daughter of Goodwin Charles Colquitt Craven, of Brockhampton Park, Glouces- 


The three "touns" of Easter Mugdock or Mugdock Mitchell, a five pound 
land, lie to the eastward of Craigend. They were feued out by James, second 
Marquis of Montrose, in 1657, and the new proprietors of the soil were, so far 
as can now be traced, those who had hitherto been tenants upon it. 
Beginning with the westermost of the three touns, now called 


its history is briefly this : — It is a 33s. 4d. land. One half of it was originally 
feued off to a family of Edmonstones, one fourth to James Bryce, and one 
fourth to John Stobo. In 1722 the Edmonstones' half passed to John Graham, 
and his descendant sold it in 1810 to John Smith of Craigend. James Bryce's 

realm, the Knights of our Orders, and the proxies of Princes of our blood at installations, 
except in such cases wherein under particular circumstances we have been pleased to grant our 
special licence for the use thereof, yet in testimony of our approbation of the services of the 
said Sir Andrew Buchanan, we .... do give and grant unto him, the said Sir Andrew 
Buchanan, our Royal licence and authority that .... he and the heirs male of his body 

may bear .... the supporters which were assigned to him as a Knight 

Grand Cross of the Most Honourable Order of the Batli." 

^ I. James, the present baronet (see above). 2. Edward, bom 4th June, 1844, died 
unmarried 29th June, 1870. 3. Eric Alexander, bom 1848. 4. Andrew Archibald, bom 
1850, married 1882 Ellen Maria, daughter of Philip Edward Blakeway, and has a son, Andrew 
Sinclair, born 1882. 5. George William, born 1854, married February, 1885, Georgina 
Meriel, daughter of Allan Alexander, 6th Earl of Bathurst I. Florence Jane married 1865 
Captain Maxwell Fox, R.N., of Annaghmore, King's County, Ireland ; she died s. p. 1882. 
2. Frances Matilda married 1873 Jol^n Willis Clark. 3. Louisa married 187 1 Sir George 
Francis Bonham, Bart. 4. Janet Sinclair. 

- Lady Buchanan has a good West Country Scottish descent, as well as an excellent English 
one, her grandfather, Lieut. -Colonel Goodwin Colquitt, C.B., having married Anne Colquhoun, 
youngest daughter of John Wallace of Kelly, and sister of the late Robert Wallace of Kelly, 
M.P., the representative of the "Guardian of Scotland." 


fourth remained with his descendants till it also was sold to John Smith in 
1810. The Craigend estate, therefore, now contains three fourths of the 
Westerton of Mugdock,i with the exception of 10 acres and 8 falls which were 
conveyed to the Duke of Montrose by excambion dated 26th September and 
7th October, 1822, in lieu of part of the park and lands of Mugdock, extend- 
ing to 9 acres 2 roods 14 falls, the Duke, however, reserving the sole right 
to all the water within these lands. The remaining fourth of the Westerton, 
that which was feued to John Stobo, was sold by his son to Robert Provan, 
mason in Lettermiln of Killearn, who sold it in 1756 to Thomas Ronald. From 
him it passed to the Weirs of Barrachan, from them to the Browns, portioners 
of Middle Mugdock, and it is now incorporated in John Brown's estate of the 
Middleton of Mugdock. 


is also a 33s. 4d. land, and like the Westerton was feued out in 1657 to the 
tenants then upon it James Shearer was the largest of them, his holding 
being "the half of the Middletoun of Easter Mugdock and of that poffle of 
ground of old possessed by James George corresponding to a sixth part of the 
three touns of Easter Mugdock." The Shearers held this part of the Middleton 
without change till 1846, when James Shearer sold the Gallowmoss, and another 
small part of his lands lying next the Leddriegreen estate, to Mr. Stirling of 
Craigbamet, as explained in the account of the Kirklands of Strathblane, and 
the remainder of it was afterwards sold to William Brown, writer in Glasgow, 
who already possessed other parts of the Middleton. 

The Shearers were for about two hundred years, as proprietors, and probably 
for long before as tenants, the principal family in Easter Mugdock,^ and they 
possessed besides the half of the Middleton, part of the Easterton also. Their 
house was the present farm-house of Middleton. 

Old " Laird Shearer," the last of the long line of possessors of those lands, 
died in the month of May, 1856. He was a man universally respected and an 
elder of the Church. He was till almost the very close of his life a most 
regular church-goer, and there was no more pleasing sight in Strathblane 
Church than the old laird wrapped in his grey plaid and sitting in his in- 

^ See Craigend. 

' ** Johnne HammUtoun of Bardowie as principal and Paull Dog of Dunrobin as surety 
for him 1000 merks and by the said principal for James Hammiltoun his eldest son, Mr. 
Allan and Umphra Hammiltoanis, also his sons, and Andro Cadder in Kirktoun of Bodemok 
300 merks each, not to harme Malcolme Sheiratr in MugdoV — Edinburgh, 23rd Dec, 1592-3. 
And again, '* Band of Caution in 300 merks by Hew Crawford of Clobarhill for Johnne Calder 
in Clobarhill not to harme Malcolme ^heirer in Mugdok,^^ — Keg» P» C of Scoi.y vol. v. 

pp. 577, 578. 


variable seat — the elders* bench to the right of the pulpit, now removed, 
listening with an attentive and intelligent face to the minister just above him.^ 

The next largest division of the Middleton was a fourth, and this early be- 
longed to a family of Williamsons, James Williamson being the possessor in 
1736. Before 1795 it had passed into the hands of John Brown, a member of 
an old Strathblane family, and his descendant now holds it The house which 
belonged to this part of Middleton stood on the site of the cottage built by 
the late Mr. Brown, midway between Middleton and Easterton farm-houses. 

The remaining fourth of the Middleton was feued out to Thomas Lennox. 
By 1748 it was in the hands of William Ware or Weir, but before 1795 it had 
passed from the Weirs, and William M'llquham possessed one half of it and 
Robert Pender the other half. In the first quarter of this century James 
Pender and John M'llquham were the respective lairds, and a little later the 
whole one fourth passed into the hands of William Brown. The houses be- 
longing to the Penders and the Mllquhams are still standing, that of the 
Penders being the house immediately to the east of Middleton farm-house, and 
that of the M'llquhams being now converted into a cart-shed in the Middleton 
farm steading.^ 

John Brown succeeded his uncle, William Brown, and is now laird of 
the Middleton of Mugdock, his estate being the whole 33s. 4d. land of the 
Middleton of the three touns of Easter Mugdock, with the exception of the 
small part sold by James Shearer in 1846 to Stirling of Craigbamet; one fourth 
of the westmost toun as already shown; and a field called Garhenny extending 
to about five acres, part of the eastmost toun, as explained farther on. 


or the eastmost of the three touns of Easter Mugdock, is also a 33s. 4d. land, 
and was, like the other touns of Mugdock, feued in 1657 to the tenants then 
upon it, James Shearer and his heirs, Robert Shearer, a family of Hendrys, and 
others. Without following in detail the various successive proprietors, it is 
sufiicient to say that by the middle of the eighteenth century seven ninths 
of the Easterton belonged to John Graham, and two ninths belonged to 
Robert Shearer's heirs. 

^ Mr. John Shearer, the representative of this old Strathblane family and son of the last 
laird, lives in Milngavie. He is possessed of an accurate and extensive knowledge of the 
Mugdock district, and he is always most obliging in giving any information that may be 
required of him. 

^ Mr. Donald M*Laren, the worthy occupier of the Middleton farm, is the representative 
in Strathblane of the old Mugdock families of Pender and Williamson, and Mrs. M'Laren of 
the Browns. 


The subsequent history of John Graham's seven ninths is this : — On the 5th 
June, 1806, John Graham, his son and heir, sold them to Henry Glassford of 
Dougalston. They continued in Glassford's possession till his death, and on 
the 15th August, 1823, they were bought from his sisters, his heirs portioners, 
by Robert Russell of Glasgow, all except about five acres called Garhenny 
which Mr. Glassford had sold some time before to John Brown, and which are 
now incorporated in the estate of his descendant, John Brown of Middleton of 
Mugdock. On the 8th February, 1833, James Russell, as eldest surviving son 
and nearest and lawful heir of the said Robert Russell, had a charter of con- 
firmation by the Duke of Montrose of these seven ninths, and on his death 
Alexander TurnbuU Russell, the youngest and only surviving son and nearest 
and lawful heir of the said Robert Russell, succeeded. 

Taking now the two ninths of the Easterton which belonged in the middle 
of the eighteenth century to Robert Shearer's heirs, their subsequent history is 
this : — Robert Shearer's heirs were his three daughters — Janet, wife of Robert 
Watson in Mugdock ; Marion, wife of Alexander Gardiner ; and Elizabeth, wife 
of Robert Stoat. Elizabeth Stoat's share was afterwards equally divided, 
acquired probably by purchase, between her elder sisters. Janet Shearer or 
Watson had a son, Robert Watson, who in 1795 sold his one ninth of 
Easterton to John Clerk, who sold it in 1798 to James Black of Craigmaddie, 
reserving about two acres which remained in his family till a few years 
ago, when, with the house upon them, they were sold to David Graham. 
In 1803 Mr. Black excambed part of this one ninth with Mr. Glassford of 
Dougalston for some lands of his which lay into Craigmaddie. The position, 
therefore, of this " third part of the just third part ( = i/9th) of the eastmost of 
the three touns of Easter Mugdock " is at present this : — A part of it belongs 
to the Dougalston estate, a part to Craigmaddie, and a small part to William 
Graham^ heir of David Graham. 

The history of the remaining one ninth of Easterton is this: — Marion 
Shearer or Gardiner, daughter of Robert Shearer, had two daughters — Marion, 
who married George Gray; and Elizabeth, who married William Anderson, and 
had a son also named William: and by 181 1 this one ninth of the Easterton 
was equally divided between Marion Gray and William Anderson the younger. 
On the 14th November, 181 1, Mrs. Gray, who was by this time a widow, sold 
her half of this one ninth to Robert Shearer, then in Easter Mugdock. He 
retained it till 12th June, 1844, when it was sold to William Brown, writer in 
Glasgow, who in his turn sold it next year to the trustees of Henry Gordon, 
or Glassford of Dougalston; William Anderson, son of William Anderson the 
younger, at the same time sold his half of this ninth, by the same deed 
to the same trustees. On the 8th March, 1862, this reunited ninth of 


Easterton was sold by Archibald Borthwick, accountant in Edinburgh, trustee 
on the sequestrated estate of Henry Glassford, to Alexander TumbuU RusselL* 
What is called the Easterton of Mugdock estate thus consists of eight ninths 
of the eastmost toun of Easter Mugdock, with the exception of the one field 
called Garhenny, and of the pofHe of land called Blandsherrie, which belongs 
to the Kirklands of Strathblane. This pofile was sold in 1762 by James Stirling 
of Craigbamet, " Old Barry," to John Graham, proprietor of seven ninths of 
flasterton, and it has since gone along with them. The old farm steading of 
the Graham part of Easterton is very prettily situated about the middle of the 
lands in a sheltered position and with a southern aspect Mr. Alexander 
TurnbuU Russell built in 1877-78 a comfortable villa near the Blandsherrie part 
of his property, but he did not long enjoy it, for he died in Edmburgh in 
1879, leaving Easterton to his widow in liferent, and to a certain line of heirs 
in fee. In 1883 Easterton was bought by Robert Ker of Dougalston. 

The part of Craigmaddie and the house and fields at Bankend which are 
parts of Easter Mugdock, belong to Mr. Ker of Dougalston, and contain 
(except two acres) one ninth of the Easterton of Easter Mugdock. As already 
explained this ninth was bought from John Clerk in 1798 by James Black, Lord 
Provost of Glasgow, and when improving Craigmaddie about the beginning of 
this century he excambed part of it with Mr. Glassford of Dougalston for 
some ground near the house. Mr. Ker bought Dougalston and Craigmaddie 
in 1870. 

Robert Ker is descended from a family of the name formerly settled in Cant>Te 
in Argyllshire. He was bom there in 1799. In 1825 he went to the East and 
continued there as a merchant till 1836. When he came home he settled in 
Glasgow, and carried on the extensive Manilla and Singapore house latterly and 
still known, though Mr. Ker has now retired from it, as Ker, Bolton & Co. In 
1852 he bought Auchenraith, in the parish of Blantyre, and lived there till he 
acquired Dougalston. This fine estate is in the parish of Baldernock, and 
adjoins Easterton and Muirhouse in Strathblane. It was a part of the Barony 
of Mugdock, and was formerly in the possession of the Grahams of Dougalston, 
cadets of Montrose, through the Knockdolian branch, and afterwards of the 
Glassfords, whose founder, John Glassford, was in his day the greatest of 
Glasgow merchants.^ 

When Mr. Ker bought Dougalston he found it in a somewhat ragged and dis- 
ordered condition. It is now, however, in fine order, and with its handsome 
mansion-house, built by Mr. Ker, is in every way a most agreeable residence. 

^ Easterton Writs. 

' See Old Country Houses of the Old Glasgow Gentry^ second edition, p. 259. 


In 184 1 Mr. Ker married Elizabeth, daughter of Alexander Johnston of 


as it may be called to distinguish it from the Dougalston Bankend just mentioned, 
contains two acres, and is part of the ninth of the Easterton of Mugdock, at one 
time wholly in the possession of John Clark. It was bought from his descendants 
by David Graham, an excellent old man and a fine curler, and on his death in 1882 
it passed to his heir, William Graham. 


The Estate of Leddriegreen consists of the two merk land of old extent of 
Leddriegreen. It also since 1 787 includes two equal third parts of the thirteen 
shilling and fourpenny land of Edenkill,^ and the Kirkhouse property, a twelve- 
penny land, as well as a poffle of Lurg * — all being parts of the Barony of Mugdock, 
and the Blue Risk, part of the Kirklands of Strathblane.* 

It was in 1657 that James, second Marquis of Montrose, "with the special 
advice and consent " of Dame Isobel Douglas, his spouse, granted and disponed in 
feu farm to " John Craige," the tenant therein, in consideration of " certain great 
sommes- of money," " all and haill the twa merk land of auld extent of Leddrie- 
grean," '* whilkes haill lands ar proper pairtes and pertinents of our landis and Bar- 
rounie of Mugdocke and lye within the samen." * 

John Craig was succeeded by his son Gilbert, who, being dead before August, 
1 7 19, was succeeded in turn by William, his eldest son, who died before 1749, and 
James, preacher of the gospel, his second son. The Reverend James Craig made 
a settlement of Leddriegreen upon his wife, Mary Harvie, and, at his death, was 
succeeded by her. In 1776 she married the Reverend James Morrison, minister 
of the gospel at Paisley, and formerly minister of Strathblane ; and in this year 

^Mr. Ker*s family consists of (i) Agnes, who married in 1863 Charles Titus Hicginbotham, 
Craigmaddie, and has three sons and one daughter ; (2) Margaret, who married in 1 871 the Rev. 
Henry Menteith Hamilton of Hamilton, and died childless in 1884; (3) John Ronald, born 
1846, died 1867 ; (4) Thomas Ripley, bom 1854, married in 1877, Helen, daughter of the late 
James Scott of Kelly, and has two suns, Robert MacNeil, born 1878, and Ronald Scott, born 

*The other third being now part of Craigend Estate. 

•The portion of Lurg or Lurg Acre, comprehending what used to be called ** Mill Yetts," is a 
pendicle of Milndavie — now part of Craigend Estate ; and Mrs. Jean Luke or Crawford's part of 
Lurg, which she possessed at the beginning of the century, is now also part of Craigend. 

* The Magistrates and Council of Glasgow as Commissioners for the Glasgow Corporation 
Waterworks bought on loth February, 1862, 2 roods 32J poles of Leddriegreen Estate, and the 
filanefield Railway Company bought, 14th February, 1857, three pieces or stripes of ground extend- 
ing to (i) 2^ poles, (2) I acre 38 poles, (3) 2 acres I rood 35 poles. 

• Leddriegreen Writs. 



Leddriegreen was sold by the minister and his wife to Walter Robison, who 
in the disposition is styled "late of the Island of Jamaica, now residing in 

In 1787 Walter Robison added to his estate the Edenkill and Lurg lands 
already mentioned, and the Blue Risk. The first of the two thirds of Edenkill had 
been feued off the Barony of Mugdock by James, Earl of Montrose, in 1631 to 
Humphrey Wilson \ and the other third had been feued off by his son, James, 
Marquis of Montrose, in 1657 to James Grahame, the tenant therein. In 1737 
they were both in the hands of John Grahame, "merchant taylor and late Bailie 
of Glasgow," as well as the Lurg poffle, and 5 J acres of the other one third of 
Edenkill, which had belonged to the Buchanans \ 10 acres or thereby of the poffle 
called Blue Risk \ part of the Kirklands of Strathblane, was also part of the 
Grahams' holding, which had been bought from James Stirling of Craigbamet by 
John Graham in 1760, and from him by John Dougall MacKean.^ About 1805 
the Leddriegreen estate was completed by the purchase of "Kirkhouse Acre" 
by Robert Robison. This was feued off the Barony of Mugdock by James, 
Earl of Montrose, 25th August, 1631, to Walter and Archibald Weir. It contains 
" by admeasurement thirteen acres and one-half acre or thereby," and is bounded 
on the east by Broadgate, on the south by the Vicarland and the manse and 
glebe, on the west by the lands of Edenkill and the turnpike road, and on the 
north by Leddriegreen ; and it carries with it the privilege '* to brew ale, and 
make banquets and bridals ... to such as dwell" within the parish of Strath- 
blane and Barony of Mugdock.^ 

Early in the eighteenth century Kirkhouse belonged to Thomas Buchanan, 
son of Walter Buchanan of Conachra in Dry men, second son of Thomas, fifth laird 
of Drummikill.^ Thomas Buchanan had also bought from the Robertsons one 
third of Edenkill, and from the Millers, Milndavie. Kirkhouse fell to his son 
James, who was a merchant in Glasgow, and whose son Thomas had an only 
daughter, Jean, who married Richard Allan, junior, merchant in Glasgow. 

Mr. and Mrs. Allan had two daughters, Mary and Elizabeth, heiresses 
portioners, who had a precept of clare constat dated 4th June, 1801, from 
Alexander Graham of Ballagan, who had bought the superiority from the Duke 
of Montrose. With consent of their mother, Jean Buchanan or Allan, they sold 
Kirkhouse immediately afterwards. Robert Mitchell, merchant in Milngavie, was 
the purchaser, and from him it was bought by Robert Robison. 

The two most notable of the Craigs of Leddriegreen were John Craig, the 
first laird, and the Rev. James Craig, his grandson. The former made himself 

* Leddriegreen Writs. * Leddriegreen Writs. 

^ Buchanan of Auchmar, p. 77. 


famous, or rather infamous, through his unhandsome conduct in informing against 
Archibald Edmonstone, his neighbour at Duntreath, for allowing a conventicle 
to be held there, as related in the life of the Rev. John Cochran in another 
part of this book ; and the latter appears as one of the actors in the great dis- 
puted settlement case which, from 1743 onwards, kept the parish in hot water 
for nearly five years. The Rev. Mr. Craig was the last of the Leddriegreen 
family in the direct line, but through their cousins the Craigs, now of Colbeg, 
and the Ballewan branch, this old Strathblane family is still well represented, 
though not now in the parish. 


The Craigs of Colbeg in Baldernock are a branch of the Strathblane Craigs. 
They are descended from John Craig, who was tenant of Laggan in Easter 
Cult in 1672,^ a cousin of the Leddriegreen and Ballewan Craigs, and ancestor 
also of a family of Craigs who were tenants of the Vicarland at the end of the 
eighteenth century. There is a tradition in the Craig family that this John Craig ot 
Liiggan was a Covenanter, and refused, like his neighbour, John Foyer, school- 
master at Duntreath, to take the test, and that he escaped from his pursuers, 
the dragoons — who no doubt in 1677 were in Strathblane arresting Archibald 
Edmonstone of Duntreath — by getting the man at the brewhouse at Ballewan 
to put an empty cask over him while the search was going on. John Craig 
of Leddriegreen was the man who gave information of the conventicle at Dun- 
treath, for which Archibald Edmonstone was arrested, and a very shabby action 
it was. It may be that he informed against his cousin of Laggan also. 

John Craig of Laggan was grandfather of Archibald Craig, who was tenant 
of Laggan in 1743,* and who removed from Laggan to Meadowhead or Wester 
Arlehaven in 1775.' Archibald Craig died in 1792. His eldest son had 
already died childless, and Walter Craig, the younger brother, who was learning 
silk weaving at the time of his brother's death, left the loom, took to the 
plough, and finished out the lease of Meadowhead. 

In 1794 he took the farm of Dowan in Baldernock, and there he died. By 
his wife, Jean Liddell, daughter of the tenant of " 'I'he Boards," he had a son, 
Walter, born at Dowan in 1801. 

Walter Craig, the second tenant of Dowan, married Janet Calder of Colbeg, 

' Craig Papers. 

"Among the Craig Papers are receipts from Anna FleckfieH, relict of John Craig of 
Ballewan, and life-renter of it, for rent paid to her by Archibald Craig. 

'Tack from James Lyll of Arlehaven to Archibald Craig in Laggan of Kastor Cult, of ihe 
mailing of Meadowhead presently possessed by William Brown. 


and had two sons and six daughters. The younger son died in 1855, aged 
twelve years. 

Mr. Craig left Dowan in 1846 for Glasgow, and subsequently he lived at 
Colbeg with his son Walter, and died there in 1884. 

By arrangement with his uncle, John Calder of Colbeg, Walter Craig, jun., 
entered into possession of the estate in 1868, Mr. Calder living with him till 
his death in 1879. The members of the Calder family are now all dead. 

Walter Craig, jun., who is unmarried, resides at Colbeg. 


Walter Robison, first of Leddriegreen, belonged to an old Strathblane race, 
who were tenants in Ballewan early in the seventeenth century, and lairds of 
Craigallian and Ballochalary from 1632 to 1696. Like many others of the 
small lairds and farmers in the parish, and, unlike the indolent and spiritless 
Highland crofters, whose miserable condition would have been theirs had they 
preferred to remain at home and divide and subdivide their small holdings, the 
Robisons left Strathblane and pushed their fortimes abroad, and by 1776 Walter 
Robison, who had made money in Jamaica, was enabled to return to the old 
parish and buy Leddriegreen. He married Agnes, daughter of Hugh Lyle by 
Christian Selkrig, his second wife, and had two sons, Robert, his successor, and 
James, who died childless, and a daughter. Christian, who married in 1803 
James Murray M*Culloch of Ardwall and Hills, in. the Stewartry of Kirkcud- 
bright. Walter Robison of Leddriegreen died in February, 1793. 

Robert Robison, who succeeded to Leddriegreen, was a writer in Glasgow. 
He married Rachel Hay Clarke and had Walter, who died young; James, after- 
wards of Leddriegreen; and Agnes, who died unmarried in 1864. This laird of 
Leddriegreen died in 1808, aged thirty-two years. 

James Robison of Leddriegreen was an advocate, and for many years one of 
the Sheriffs-Substitute of Ayrshire. He was a man of good intellect and fine 
literary tastes, but withal of such a retiring disposition that it was only those who 
knew him very well who could appreciate him thoroughly. He died 26th 
November, 1876, unmarried, and was succeeded in Leddriegreen by Walter 
M*Culloch of Ardwall and Hills, W.S., his eldest surviving cousin-german. 

The M'Cullochs of Ardwall are an old Galloway family, a branch of the 
M'CuUochs of Cardoncss, in the parish of Anwoth, who were settled there in 
the fifteenth century.^ James Murray M*Culloch, through whose marriage to 
Christian Robison of Leddriegreen the estate came to her son, succeeded to 

^ Lands and their (hvncrs in Gallcnvay^ M*Kerlie, vol. iii. pp. 9 and 49. 


Ardwall in 1796 on the death of his brother, Edward M*Culloch, H.E.I.C.S. 
He had a family of fourteen children, nine of whom grew up. The survivors 
were Walter, presently of Ardwall and Hills, W.S. ; Alexander of Kirkclaugh and 
Glen, also in the Stewartry of Kirkcudbright; and Penelope Elizabeth. The 
only one of the family who married was Janet. This she did in 1850, and 
her husband was John Gordon Brown of Lochanhead, in the Stewartry. She 
had three daughters — Christian Robison, of whom afterwards ; Janet M*Culloch, 
who married K A. Cliff of Liverpool, and has issue; and Annie Agnes, who 
married Captain Stewart of Shambellie, Kirkcudbrightshire, and has issue. 

In 1875 Christian Robison Brown married Andrew Jameson, advocate, 
eldest son of the late Andrew Jameson, Sheriff of Aberdeen and Kincardine, 
and in 1884 Mr. M'Culloch made a gift of Leddriegreen to them. In the 
same year Mr. Jameson bought the farm of Broadgate, part of the Kirklands 
of Strathblane, from Major Graham Stirling of Craigbamet, and Leddriegreen 
and Broadgate now united form a compact litde estate, which under a family 
arrangement is to be settled after the death of the survivor of Mr. and Mrs, 
Jameson, according to certain events, on one or other of the great-grandchildren 
of Christian Robison of Leddriegreen, who was married to James Murray M*Cul- 
loch of Ardwall in 1803. 

The children of Mr. and Mrs. Jameson of Leddriegreen are — Andrew 
James, bom 1876; John Gordon, bom 1878; Alexander M*Culloch, born 



This poffle of land, though mentioned last in this account of the feuing off 
of the Barony of Mugdock, was really the first to be detached from it. It is 
situated at the extreme south-east corner of Mugdock wood, and the greater 
part of it is in the parish of Strathblane, a small part only being in East or 
New Kilpatrick. It is an old holding of the Weirs of Barrachan, a family who 
have been in the Barony from time immemorial, and who were put in posses- 
sion of it by a charter from William, Earl of Montrose, dated in 1569 in favour of 
Walter Weir and Margaret Buchanan his spouse. Considering that it was only 
a house and garden and some twelve acres of land, the description of it in the 
charter is misleading : " the arable lands, airds and crofts of land and meadow, 
houses and yards thereof called the. Forrester Land;" but there is no doubt 
it was never much, if at all, larger than it is at present; indeed, the charter 
goes on to state that all is enclosed "within a ditch lying on the east end of 
the wood or park of Mugdock." 


The tradition in the Weir family is that they got this piece of land for 
services rendered to the Montrose family when an incursion was made on the 
Barony of Mugdock. 

Among the Montrose papers is a commission under the Great Seal "for 
judging in a spoulzie and depradation committed by the Earl of Argyle and 
others upon severall tennants of Mugdock," dated i6th February, 1569.^ It may 
be that this " spoulzie " took place when Archibald, Earl of Argyll, who was then 
acting on behalf of the unfortunate Queen Mary, came to Glasgow, i8th August, 
1568, "with ane greit cumpany of men, and assaigit the castell thairof,"^ or 
perhaps when he and the other lords who were with him, in obedience to the 
Queen's commands, "wreitt out of Ingland," " that thay should not proceid nor 
gang fordwart," " skaillit thair folkis, and depairtit to thair awne boundis."^ It 
does not appear that Montrose and Argyll were particularly at enmity at this 
time; the "spoulzie" therefore may have been merely the usual conduct of a 
Highland host when they found themselves in the low country, and the Weirs, 
who were leading people of the Barony,* may have headed the tenants and 
saved the castle and other parts of it from the savage Argyllshire Highlanders, 
and have been rewarded by the grateful Earl. All this, however, is mere con- 
jecture, for there is nothing further recorded as to this raid or incursion either 
in public or private documents. 

There used to be a house on this small property^ which was used as an 
inn, and as it stood close to the old mill of Mugdock, it would be a convenient 
spot for refreshment of man and beast after toiling through mosses and muirs 
with grain for the mill ; and as it was just at the foot of the Bank of Mugdock, 
it would no doubt often be a resting-place for the weary traveller before, with 
a stout heart, he set himself to climb that remarkably " stae brae." 

When Walter Weir and his spouse got a grant of the Woodeud they were 
only tenants of Barrachan, which adjoins it in Kilpatrick parish, but on the 
27th April, 1630, Walter Ware, who was probably their grandson, had a feu 
charter of it on the same terms as the other tenants on the Barony.** 

Barrachan and Woodend descended from father to son, and at the beginning 

* Montrose Writs. ^Diurnal of Occurrents^ p. 136. ^ Diumcd of OccurrentSy p. 137. 

*Ia a remission under the Great Seal (printed in full at p. 302 vol. ii. The Chiefs of 
Cclqnhaun\ dated at Edinburgh, 12th February, 1489, to Mathew Stewart, son of John, Earl 
of Lennox, and his brothers, Alexander Stewart and Robert Stewart, David Lindsay, Patrick 
Colquhoun, and many others, for the taking and keeping of Dumbarton Castle, and for the 
burning of the town thereof, " George Were, the standard-bearer of Montrose " (Georgius 
Were nuncupatus Montros Figniferus) is included. It is very probable from the position 
the Weirs held of old in the Barony that this officer of the noble family at Mugdock was a 
parishioner of Strathblane, possibly an ancestor of the Laird of Barrachan and Woodend. 

*On Bleau's map, compiled by Timothy Pont about 1600, it is called ** Woodsyd." 

® Montrose Writs. 



of last century were in the possession of Jolin Wair or Weir. His son Gilbert 
succeeded, and following him was a James. This James Weir of Barrachan 
made a settlement in 1822 in favour of his sons, James (of whom afterwards), 
John, William, and Robert; and his three daughters, Elizabeth, wife of James 
Douglas of Barloch \ Jean, wife of William Weir in Craigdow ; and Janet, wife 
of Walter Watson in Craigash. 

James Weir, the eldest son, had an only daughter, Christina Weir, who, by 
her settlement, disponed her lands of Barrachan and Woodend to her cousin, 
James Weir, and he on her death succeeded her. 

The late James Weir of Barrachan and Woodend had three sons who each 
succeeded to these lands in turn, viz., John Weir, William Weir, and lastly 
James Weir now of Barrachan and Woodend. 

The present position of the Barony of Mugdock, in Strathblane, and the 
lands of Easter or Mugdock-Mitchell mly be thus summarized. They originally 
consisted of — 

1. Part of the lands of Strathblane, including Mugdock. 

2. Garchebeth or Gartbeth — the modem Carbeth. 

3. Auchengillan, originally included in Kilmannan. 

4. Quinloch or Camlacht. 

5. The lands of Easter Mugdock or Mugdock-Mitchell. 
These lands belonged in property to the Earls of Montrose. 
They are now divided into the estates of — 

1. Auchengillan, the property of James Provan. 

2. Auchengillan, the property of Mary and Agnes Aitken. 

3. Craigmore, the property of the heirs of James Ritchie. 

4. A poffle of Auchengillan, the property of John J. Pollock of Aucheneden. 

5. Carbeth Guthrie, the property of Ebenezer M*Alister. 

6. Wester Carbeth or Garvel, the property of James Freeland. 

7. Craigallian and Ballochalary and part of Carbeth, the property of Allan 

Graham Barns-Graham. 

8. Craigend, the property of Sir James Buchanan, Bart. 

9. The Middleton of Mugdock, the property of John Brown. 

10. The Easterton of Mugdock, the property of Robert Ker. 

11. Bankend, the property of William Graham. 

12. Woodend, the property of James Weir of Barrachan. 

13. Leddriegreen, the property of Mr. and Mrs. Andrew Jameson. 

14. Mugdock Park and Castle, part of Carbeth, and Quinloch, the property 

of the Duke of Montrose. 



The estate of Duntreath, so far as it lies in the parish of Strathblane, consists 
of the lands of — 




Duntreath proper was detached from the Earldom of Lennox once at least ^ 
before it was finally separated from it, viz., when it was granted to Murdoch, 
son of Malcolm, Earl of Lennox, by his brother, Earl Donald Murdoch had 
a daughter, Isabella, who succeeded to Duntreath after her father's death. ^ 

The earliest authentic notice of Duntreath is that referring to this Murdoch. 
It is to be found in a notarial instrument in the charter chest of Lord Napier, 
and is a very interesting document^ It narrates the grant by Earl Donald to 

^ "Dennestoun of Duntraeth" is mentioned in Font's MS. and Nisbet*s Heraldry, vol. i. 
p. 104, but no authority given. 

* " Isabella de Leuenax hlia quondam Murdaci de Leuenax " resigned Duntreath and other 
lands into the hands of Isabella, Duchess of Albany and Countess of Lennox before the latter 
granted them to Sir William Edmonstone and his wife, 15th February, 1445 — (Duntreath 
Charter, printed in Appendix). 

' The Family of Edmonstone of Duntreath, By Sir Archibald Edmonstone, Bart, 
(privately printed, 1875), P* ^4* I'his is a very valuable family history, and it is only to be 
regretted that it does not i;o a little more into details. It is the work of the late Sir 
Archibald Edmonstone of Duntreath, assisted by the well-known antiquarian and genealogist, 
Mr. John Riddell. Those who knew the excellent Baronet need not be told that all he 
wrote was the result of very careful and candid research, and Mr. Riddell as a genealogist 


his brother Murdoch, of the lands of " Dumgoyak, Blairgirr, and Dumfyn," along 
with the hill or mount of Duntreath, **cum monte que vocatur Duntrelh," the 
reddendo for the whole being a pair of white spurs yearly. Earl Donald died 
before 1364 j^ the charter to which this instrument related must therefore have 
been granted before that date.^ Duntreath, though eventually the name given to 
the whole barony, was in early times little or nothing more than the rocky hill 
now called the Park Hill or Court Hill. Nimmo says the name means "The 
Hill of the Chief,*' and by others it is translated **The Fort of the Circle," 
or "Round Fort" There are no ruins of any kind upon it, though the top 
shows signs of having been levelled. There may, therefore, in very early times 
have been a fort or castle built upon its summit, the stones of which having 
been removed served to build the present castle, part of which is of great 
antiquity. There is no reason to suppose that Duntreath was in any other 
hands than those of Isabella, daughter of the late Murdoch of Lennox, when Earl 
Duncan was executed in 1425, but even if it had reverted to the Earldom, as 
the Lennox was not forfeited the King had no right to dispose of it. He 
acted, however, in a very high-handed way at this time, for he certainly was in 
possession of the Lennox and granted some parts of it to his friends, and in 
or before 1434, come by it how he might, he had made over to his brother-in- 
law, " William of Edmondstoun," the lands of " Erleleven, Drumfyn, and 
Duntreyve.^' ^ This grant was not confirmed by Isabella Duchess of Albany, 
who succeeded to the EUirldom on the death of her ill-fated father, till eight 
years after the murder of King James, the destroyer of her family, and then by 
a charter dated at " Inchmoryne," 15th January, 1445, on the resignation of 
"Isabella de Leuenax filia quondam Murdaci de Leuenax,"* she granted to 
"William de Edmonstoun, son and heir of Sir William de Edmounstone of 
CoUodine, and Matilda Stewart,* spouse of the said William, younger, and 
longest liver of them and the heirs of their bodies, the lands of Duntreffe^ 
Dumgoyok, Blargerr, wester half of Mekill Ballewne, and half of Cultis" — Sir 
William Edmonstone of Culloden, the father, to have a liferent of the whole. 

was unrivalled. There is in this book, too, none of that softening down of family failings, 
careful hiding of the villain of the family, and making things pleasant all round, which 
is too common in many of the family books of the present day. The author need hardly 
say that the Duntreath book has been of great use to him in his account of Duntreath and 
the Edmonstones. 

^ The Lennox^ vol. 1. p. 243. 

' The witnesses are " Walter, son of Alan of Forsclane, Finlay de Campsy, Malcolm, 
son of Duncan Gilmore, the son of Malise," etc., etc., etc. 

* Exchequer Rolls of Scotland^ vol. iv. p. 589. 
^ See this charter in Appendix. 

^ Matilda Stewart was her grand-daughter, the daughter of her son, Walter Stewart. 




The important charter, signed by King James II., and dated at Stirling, loth 
December, 1452,^ confirms tliis grant to Sir William Edmonstone of Culloden 
and Mary Countess of Angus, his wife, and the longest liver of them in life- 
rent^ and William Edmonstone the younger /// fee and heritage for rocr. It 
erects the whole into a free barony to be called the Barony of Duntreath, the 
lands composing it being those of ** Duntreath, Arleywin, Dunguyock, with the 
Mill thereof, the Quilt lying to the south side of the Burn of Blane, and the 
half of the lands of Balleun Easter, the Cluneys Glen and Gartkalon 
(Garcattoun) and Mill thereof," the reddendo being a pound of pepper yearly, 
at Duntreath, at the feast of the nativity of John the Baptist, if asked only. 

Duntreath proper, therefore, as we have now shown, was originally granted 
to William Edmonstone of Culloden by King James I. in or before 1434- It 
gave its name to the barony when first erected by King James II. in 1452, 
and it has remained in the hands of the family to the present day. 


When King James I. granted certain lands, as already shown, to his 
brother-in-law, William Edmonstone, prior to 1434, " Erleleven " was among 
them ; and when King James II., in 1452, erected the same into the Barony 
of Duntreath, "Arleywin" was included, and down to the present time this 
part of Arlehaven, a fifty shilling land, has continued to belong to the Edmon- 
stones, with the exception of (i) 11 acres i rood and 10 falls which lay into 
Carbeth, and were in 18 17 exchanged with John Guthrie for part of Carbeth,^ 
and (2) of "the poflUe called Dallinschachan and Boglands thereof, part of 
the fifty shilling lands of Arlevin," which were sold by William Edmonstone of 
Duntreath in 16 14, to John and Manasseh Lyle, and bought back again by 
his descendant, Archibald Edmonstone, the laird in 1717.^ 

Another part, however, of the original old Arlehaven, a forty shilling land, 
was early in the possession of the Douglases of Mains, an old family long 
seated in the neighbouring parish of Kilpatrick. When Alexander Douglas 
married Margaret, eldest daughter of Mathew, Earl of Lennox, about 15 18, he 
had from his grandfather, William Douglas, who succeeded to Mains in 1491, 
a resignation in fee of Arlehaven. This transaction was confirmed by a charter 
from John, Earl of Lennox, the lands being called in it " Harlehaven." * 

1 Duntreath Writs. ^See Carbelh Guthrie. 

' Duntreath Writs. * Mains Writs. 



Along with Ballewan Lennox or Wester Ballewan, Harlehaven Douglas 
afterwards formed what is called in the old valuation roll of Stirlingshire 
"Archibald Edmonstones Rent," this Archibald being a cadet of Duntreath. 
On the 1 8th May, 1665, John Douglas, the laird of Mains, granted, as 
superior, a charter of Arlehaven to John Lyle.^ In 1782 James Lyle, his 
descendant, sold the eastern part of it to John Norwall or Norval, "weaver in 
Arlehaven." * The old weaver had three sons — James, Walter, and Archibald. 
In 1796 James Norval, the eldest son, succeeded to these lands. He retained 
Allereoch or Alreoch, the most southern part of Arlehaven, that next Balloch- 
alary and Carbeth, and the other parts called Dykehouse and Easier Harle- 
hame he made over to his brothers, Walter and Archibald,^ from whose des- 
cendants they were acquired by Sir Archibald Edmonstone in 1868, after Dyke- 
house had been in the possession of William Brown of Mugdock for some years. 
Allereoch was bought from James Norval in 1815 by John Guthrie of Carbeth,* 
with the exception of about ten acres at the top of the Cult Brae called Brae- 
head. This little property, after belonging to John and James Norval, who 
succeeded their father, was sold by James, the survivor, shortly after 1872, to 
Robert Hugh Fraser of Glasgow, who in his turn sold it in 1882 to Mrs. 
Elizabeth Norval or Robertson, wife of David Robertson, formerly manager of 
the printfield at Strathblane, and now calico printer at Milngavie. 

And now, retracing our steps a little, we find that four years after James Lyle 
sold the eastern part of Arlehaven Douglas to John Norval, he sold the western 
part, called Wester Arlehaven or Meadowhead, to Sir Archibald Edmonstone, 
9th June, 1786,^ and the whole of it now forms part of Duntreath estate. 

Arlehaven, therefore, as we have now shown, stands thus — the whole of the 
old fifty shilling land, Arlehaven Edmonstone, so to speak, is, and always was, 
with the exception pointed out, part of the Barony of Duntreath, and the whole 
of the old forty shilling land of "Harleheaven Douglas,"^ the superiority only 
excepted, which still pertains to Mains, now also belongs to Duntreath estate, 
with the exception of Allereoch, about one sixth of it, which is part of 
Carbeth Guthrie, and the poffle of Braehead which belongs to Mrs. David 


The first of this family in the West of Scotland was Nicolas Douglas, 

^ Mains Writs. ^ Carbeth Guthrie Writs. 

3 Carbeth Guthrie Writs. * Carbeth Guthrie Writs. 

* Duntreath Writs. ® Chartulary of Lennox^ p. 102. 



brother of Sir James Douglas of Dalkeith. He married Janet, one of the 
— co-lieiresses of ihe great Lennox family of Galbraith, and 

with lier he received, as her share of their barony, the 
lands of Mains and possibly Arlehaven.^ Nicolas Douglas 
is witness to a charter by his brother, 7th June, 1396,* 
and his seal is appended to his brother's will, dated 19th 
December, 1392.* Without tracing the Mains family step 
SFAL oi- NicuL.s ^Y Step, It is cnough to say that with varying fortune the 
c-.iGLAs. '■"■^'^'■^^ descendants of Nicolas Douglas and Janet Galbriuth have 
haiKgi coiuciisH. held Mains in property and Arlehaven — but only in superi- 
ority now — to the present day. 

Alexander Douglas of Mains, a distinguished member of the family, married 
about 1518 Margaret, eldest daughter of Mathew Earl of Lennox. His son 
Mathew, the succeeding laird, was one of the party under Thomas Crawford of 
Jordanhill, who surprised and took Dumbarton Castle in iS7r. The next pos- 
sessor of Mains was Malcolm, whose tragical story is related in the life of Sir 
James Edmonstone of Dunireath a little further on. 

Robert Dougbs, second son of the unfortunate Malcolm, was early in life 
page of honour to Henry Prince of Wales, and was 
afterwards in office at the Courts of King James VL 
and King Charles 1. He was a member of the 
Privy Council, and in 1633 he was created Viscount 
Belhaven. He died childless in t639, and was 
i buried in the Abbey of Holyrood, where, says 
Crawford, his hisiorian, a monument was erected on 
which was carved an epitaph giving an account of the 
"remarkable actions" of this worthy scion of a Strath- 
bhne race Since the beginning of last century the 
families of Campbell of BIythswood and Douglas of 
Mains have been intermingled in a most confusing 
way,* the result being that while the Campbells 
of BIythswood are almost entirely Douglas, the 
Douglases of Mains are a good deal Campbell The 
IB AFHs OF DouctAB ot HAiNS. ^^gH jjoown ottd witty MaTgarct Douglas, who married 
1758 Archibald Duke of Douglas, was a daughter of the house of Mains. 

Slrathiilane, unJe'r the name of Achrefmoltoune or Aclitofinoltoune {.Carl. Levenax, pp. 33-107). 
This 13 probably Atlehaven. 

^ Dotiglai Fieragt, vol. i. p. *66. 

• Morton Charters, quoted in Laing's Smallish Scali, vol. i. p. 49. 

' Unravelled, however, lo a coDsiderabie extent in Old Country Houses of tht Old Glasgow, 
Ctntry, pp. 17J, i74- 


The present proprietor of Mains, Archibald Campbell Douglas, is the repre- 
sentative of a race who, though they have never resided in it, have been con- 
nected with Strathblane for well nigh five hundred years. Mr. Douglas married 
in 1867 Eliza Christian, only daughter of Robert Spier of Culdees, and niece 
of the late Sir Robert Milliken Napier of Napier, Bart. 

The arms of Douglas of Mains, as illustrated by the two woodcuts given 
above, are a capital example of the ancient custom, which prevailed both in 
England and Scotland, of families adopting as part of their arms the principal 
bearing of the great Earl or overlord who was their superior. Thus when Nicolas 
Douglas came into the Lennox towards the close of the fourteenth century, he 
added the well-known saltire of the Lennox to the chief charged with two 
mullets, the family arms of Douglas of Dalkeith. His beautiful little seal, 
a copy of which Mr. Corner has skilfully engraved from a cast of No. 259 of 
Mr. Laing's collection, shows how he arranged the addition. It represents a 
lion, whose head in this, the only known impression, has unfortunately been 
broken off, supporting between his fore paws a shield charged with the Lennox 
saltire, and on a chief the Douglas mullets. The well-known Douglas heart, 
which had been only lately adopted by the Douglas family — viz., in 1343, by 
William first Earl of Douglas ^ — was at that time no part of the Dalkeith arms. 
Some branches of the Douglas family bear this heart ensigned with a crown; 
when it was first introduced it was uncrowned. 

Alexander Douglas of Mains married, as already shown, Margaret, eldest 
daughter of Mathew Earl of Lennox, second of the Stewart Earls, and the arms 
of the family of Mains were thereupon completely changed. The saltire of the 
old race of Lennox disappeared, and the fesse checque of the new line of Earls 
took its place; another mullet was added to the two already in chief, and an 
uncrowned heart was placed in base, and these are the arms now borne by the 
family. The fesse checque of the Stewart Earls of Lennox was azure and 
argent; but, apparently to keep up some connection with the old Earls of 
Lennox, the Mains family changed the tincture to gules — the old Lennox colour 
— and or. The reason the third mullet was added was no doubt because the 
Douglases of Dalkeith or Morton, the original head of the Mains family, had it 
so; and the uncrowned heart was also by this time part of the Douglas arms. 
The Earls of Morton of the present day seem, however, to bear the heart 

No doubt the Mains family thought it a feather in their cap when the laird 

^ Scottish Amis, by R. R. Siodart, vol. ii. p. 29. 

* In the woodcut of the present arms of Douglas of Mains the bearings on the shield are 
taken from a funeral escutcheon in the Lyon Office (figured in volume i. p. no, Scottish 
Amis), The Crest and Motto are those now in use by the family. 


married a daughter of the Earl of Lennox, and lost no time in commemorating 
the grand marriage by this change of arms. They would have been wiser if 
they had left them alone, for the beautiful, simple coat of Sir Nicolas Douglas 
brought out the antiquity of their race in a way the present coat fails to do. 
The two mullets and the absence of a heart showed they were very old Douglases, 
and the saltire showed their connection with the original and very ancient line 
of Lennox. 


This family, now no longer in Strathblane, were for two centuries at least 
leading people in the parish. 

In 1614 John and Manasseh Lyle bought from Sir William Edmonstone 
the small part of Arlehaven Edmonstone called Dallinschachan and Boglands, 
and in the Lyle family this small farm remained till 17 17, when it was bought 
back by the Duntreath family. In 1665 John Lyle had a charter of Arlehaven 
Douglas, and in 1782 his descendant, James Lyle, sold the eastern part of it 
to John Norval, as already shown, and in 1786 the western part called Wester 
Arlehaven or Meadowhead to Sir Archibald Edmonstone. In 1626 Robert 
Lyle held part of Cult Dunburgh also, which is now an important part of the 
Craigend estate, was long in the possession of the Lyles. 

It is needless to attempt to unravel this old Strathblane family. There 
were Manassehs, Roberts, Johns, Jameses, and Charleses, of Dallinschachan, of 
Dunburgh, of Cult, and of Arlehaven or Meadowhead, and in Dungoiach, and 
they married and intermarried with each other and their neighbours, as Strath- 
blane people persistently did in those days. 

The Lyles of Dunburgh were latterly, if not always, the main stem of the 

I. John, in Dungoiach, and laird of Arlehaven or Meadowhead, and who 
died before 5th December, 17 19, had a son James. 

II. James Lyle of Dunburgh and Arlehaven married Agnes Buchanan and 
had three son^—Janus^ who succeeded his father; CharUsy who succeeded his 
brother; and Hugh.^ James Lyle died in 1724 and his wife in 1726. 

III. James Lyle of Dunburgh and Arlehaven died unmarried about 1755, 
and was succeeded in both his properties by his brother Charles, who was the 
miller at Dungoiach. 

IV. Charles Lyle of Dunburgh and Arlehaven married in 1709, Bethia, 

^ Hugh Lyle married twice ; by his first wife he had a daughter, Margaret, who married 
Archibald Bathgate, and had issue ; by his second wife, Christian Selkrig, he had a daughter, 
Agnes, who married Walter Robison of Leddriegreen (see that family). 



second daughter of John Harvie of Blackhouse by Agnes Gourlay of Kep- 
darroch, his wife, and had a large family — Archibald^ of whom afterwards; 
Jat/tes, who bought Arlehaven from his brother and sold it in 1786 to Sir 
Archibald Edmonstone. James Lyle married Marion Buchanan, Laigh Park, 
and his family were Charles, Walter, James, and Bethia, who all died childless; 
Agnes y who married in 1737 John Duncan in Drummiekeich ; ^ Bethia^ died 
an infant; Bethia j married Archibald Edmonstone of Spittal;^ Jean, died 
young; Anna, married in 1748 William Galbraith of Wester Edenbelly, and 
in 1767 William Galbraith of Blackhouse;^ Margaret, was drowned when young; 
Christian, married in 1757 James l^ckhart in Parks of Garden. 

V. Archibald Lyle of Dunburgh married an Englishwoman of the name 
of Dearing or Dearie and had Archibald, James who went to India and was 
never heard of, but was believed to have assumed his mother's name; and 
Charles, a sailor, who was lost at sea. 

Archibald Lyle, dyer in Bucklyvie, sold Dunburgh, or Dumbroch as it is 
now called, to James Smith of Craigend in 1818. 



In the charter dated at " Inchmaryne," 15th February, 1445, ^^ Duchess- 
Countess of Lennox granted to William de Edmonstoun, among other lands, 
those of '* Dumgayock," and they have remained in the Edmonstone family 
without break till the present day.* 

Dungoiach is now a solitary enough spot, with no house on it save the farm- 
steading at the foot of the beautiful wooded hill which bears its name. This 
was not always so, for in former days there were crofters on it with their 
small holdings. It had, too, its mill and mill lands and neighbouring cottaries, 
and the little farms of Capponhill and Shenanend lay eastward from the hill. 

^ See the Dancans in Ledlowan and Drummiekeich. 

' See Edmonstone of Spittal. 

'John Harvie of Blackhouse had, besides Bethia^ who married Charles Lyle, Agnes and 
Margaret. Agnes was his eldest daughter and married William Galbraith in Balgair, who 
succeeded to Blackhouse on the death of his father-in-law. The only surviving son of William 
Galbraith and Agnes Harvie was William Galbraith of Blackhouse, who married his cousin, 
Anna Lyle, who was the widow of his cousin-german, William Galbraith of Wester Edenbelly. 
They had no issue, and Blackhouse passed, on his death, to George Galbraith of Wester 
Edenbelly, the son of his wife, Anna Lyle, by her first husband. George Galbraith of Wester 
Edenbelly and Blackhouse married in 1784 Janet Anderson and had a large family, of whom 
the eldest son, William, bom in 1 791, was the Town Clerk of Stirling. William Galbraith 
of Blackhouse, Town Clerk of Stirling, married in 181 7 C. Littlejohn, and died in 1865. His 
son, Thomas Littlejohn Galbraith of Blackhouse, is now Town Clerk of Stirling. 

* Duntreath Writs. 



These lands, like Dungoiach, were among those included in the Charter of 
1445, and they have remained continuously in the Edraonstone family ever 
since, with the exception of a short time when they were possessed by a 
cadet. ^ They are composed of Blairgarbegg and Blairgarmore, lying to the 
north-west of Blairquhosh, the former including the hill of Dumgoyne, and 
Caldhame, now a part of the Letter sheep-farm. Caldhame stretches away in a 
north-easterly direction to the top of the Earl's seat, behind the Ballewans, and 
includes in its boundaries the hill of Dumfoyne. 



In the Charter of Confirmation by King James II., dated loth December, 
1452, ''the half of the lands of Balleun Easter'' appear, and in a deed of King 
James III., dated 21st June, 1473, ^^^ lands of "Ballewane" are "made sikker to 
Wilyeam Edmonstoun." ^ The earlier Charter, however, of Isabella Duchess- 
Countess of Lennox, dated 15th February, 1445, confirming the lands given by 
King James I. to the Edmonstones, calls these lands the ** Wester half of 
Meikle BcUlowin,^^ ^ It would appear, therefore, that in those early days " Meikle 
Ballowin " was another name for ** Balleun Easter." The Wester half of Meikle 
or Easter Ballewan, on being detached from it, would naturally become Middle 
Ballewan, having the remainder of Easter Ballewan on one side and the lands 
of Wester Ballewan on the other ; and this is just what happened, for from this 
time forward the Edmonstones' part of Ballewan was called " Ballewan Edmon- 
stone," or "Middle Ballewan," and there were besides "Easter" or "Ballewan 
Buchanan," and "Wester" or "Ballewan Lennox," both now united in the 
estate called simply " Ballewan," the property of John Cameron Graham. Its 
history is treated of in another place. 

The original Easter Ballewan must have been double the size of Wester 
Ballewan (hence Meikle Ballewan), for Middle or Ballewan Edmonstone is a 
fifty shilling land, and the modem Easter Ballewan and Wester Ballewan are 
both also fifty shilling lands. 

Ballewan was occasionally in the hands of cadets of the family, like other 
parts of the estate, but for a long time they have been reunited. It is 
composed principally of fine hill pasture, and stretches up towards the hills 
between the other Ballewans. 

1 Duntreath Writs. 

* Deed in the Montrose Charter Chest, and printed in The Lennox^ vol. ii, page 94. 

' Duntreath Writs. 



The earliest mention of Cult in connection with the Edmonstones is in the 
Duchess-Countess of Lennox' Charter of 1445, when she granted to William 
Edmonstone among other lands ** half of Cultis." In the Charter of King James 
II., seven years afterwards, these lands are described as " the Quilt lying to the 
south side of the Burn of Blane." The rest of Cult, that lying to the north side 
of Blane, was in different hands, and there is a precept, dated 13th February, 
i495> by Mathew Stewart, Earl of Lennox, for infefting John Stirling, younger 
of Craigbamet, in the " two pound ten shilling land of old extent of Cult." * 
This part of Cult was afterwards known, successively, as Cult Stirling or Cult 
Craigbarnet and Cult Craig. It is true that part of Cult Edmonstone is now on 
the north side of the Blane, but this is the result of an arrangement made in 
1793 and recorded in a contract of excambion between John Foyer, then pro- 
prietor of Cult Edmonstone, and Milliken Craig, then proprietor of Ballewan 
and Cult Craig.* 

Cult Edmonstone was for fully one hundred years in the possession of the 
Foyers, having been sold to them in 17 16, redeemed by Sir Charles Edmon- 
stone in 1820, again sold, and finally bought back from them by Sir Archibald 
Edmonstone in 1825 ; a part of Cult had also been for a time in the possession 
of the Lyles before the Foyers held it. 


The Foyers were a very old race in Strathblane, and were originally settled 
as tenants on the lands of Cult Edmonstone. In 1682 one of the family was 
schoolmaster at Duntreath, and one of the few Covenanters in Strathblane. In 
17 16 Cult Edmonstone was bought by James Foyer, then tenant, from Archibald 
Edmonstone, tenth laird of Duntreath. The next laird of Cult was also a James 
Foyer. He was a very leading man in Strathblane, and a great friend of James 
Stirling of Craigbarnet, " Old Burrie," * who used often to be supplied with food 
by him when in hiding near the Cult after "the '45." There used to be a 
number of stories floating about Strathblane of the doings of the Highlanders of 
Prince Charles' army and the exactions they made on the inhabitants, and also, 
truth to say, of the easy way they were scared. Thus, when James Foyer was 
riding one day towards Duntreath he met a party of them on their way to the 
old castle to demand food or to plunder. On some pretext he persuaded them 
to delay a little, while he went on to advise the two old ladies who were the 

1 Ballewan Writs, * Duntreath Writs. 

• See The Stirlings of Craigbamet. 



sole inhabitants of the place, to temporize with the Highlanders and buy them 
off. But Strathblane ladies in those days could hold their own with the loons. 
" They had no food for such as them," they said, but they had their old 
cannon on the wall, and managing to load this and let it off, the report sent 
the marauders flying. This laird of Cult had two sons — John, of whom after- 
wards, and David; and a daughter, Marion, who married in 1773 James Ferrie, 
younger of Balgrochan,^ in Carapsie, and whose grandson, James Ferrie, is the 
present laird. David Foyer, the younger of the sons, was well known in the 
Lennox. He was originally a large wood merchant on Loch Lomond, and 
afterwards he leased the extensive grazing farm of Blairvockie. He was also 
proprietor of two farms, both called Bogside, one in Fintry and the other in 
Baldernock. He died unmarried, and was succeeded in his property by John, 
his nephew in Quinloch. 

John Foyer, the elder of the two sons, succeeded to Cult. His wife was 
Bethia, daughter of Archibald Edmonstone of Spittal. He had a large family, 
of whom the eldest, James, succeeded his father, and was obliged to sell Cult 
when the calico printing business at Blanefield, of which he was a partner, 
failed in 1825. It was at this time carried on under the firm of Aitken, 
M*Indoe & Foyer. Sir Archibald Edmonstone of Duntreath was the purchaser 
of Cult. 

The second son of John Foyer of Cult and Bethia Edmonstone was Archibald 
Edmonstone, born 1783. He removed from Strathblane to the farm of Allan- 
head in Campsie, afterwards united with Knowehead. The third son, John, 
was a farmer at Quinloch in Strathblane, and the youngest was David of Letter 
Farm, Killearn. There were four daughters — Bethia, who was the wife of 
James Shearer of the Middleton of Mugdock, and had issue, John Shearer, now 
in Milngavie, and others; Marion, who married Robert Wilson of Balgrochan, 
and had a son who died young; Janet, who married Gregory Pender, bleacher 
in Strathblane, and had issue; and Margaret, who died unmarried. 

James Foyer, the last of Cult, married Ann Macalpine, and had four sons — 
John, who was drowned at sea; Walter, who died childless in Canada; and 
James and David, who went abroad. The only daughter, Bethia, died young. 
Thus ended the long connection of the Foyers with Strathblane. 

Archibald Edmonstone Foyer, as we have already said, farmed Knowehead 
in Campsie, and was a noted breeder of blackfaced sheep, the origin of his 
flock being very probably the fine breed which the Edmonstones had at Spittal 

^ 167 1, November 21 — Renunciation by Rol)ert Graham in Temple of Ballmoir to Tames 
FaJrie of two parcels of land and two aikers of land called the **guildit aikirs" in Ballmoir. 
— Stirlingshire Sasines, 


in Strathblane.^ He married Isabella Muir, daughter of William Muir of the 
Clachan of Campsie, and eldest sister of Robert S. Muir of Glenmill, a worthy 
citizen of Glasgow. They had two sons, John, who died young; David, late 
tenant of Knowehead : and two daughters, Mary, who died young ; and Bethia 
Edmonstone, who married Charles M' Donald, merchant, Glasgow, who died in 
1869, leaving two sons, John and Archibald Edmonstone M*Donald, and three 
daughters. Mrs. M*Donald, his widow, now lives in Woodside Crescent, 
Glasgow. Archibald Edmonstone Foyer died in 1835. 

David Foyer succeeded to the lease of Knowehead when his brother John 
died in 1844. He was much respected, and under his good management the 
Knowehead breed of blackfaced sheep became noted for excellence all over 
Scotland. He had four sons and four daughters by his wife, Christina Paterson 
Muir, who died in 1878. He died in 1880. His two elder sons, Archibald 
Edmonstone and David, were till lately, as their father and grandfather were, 
farmers at Knowehead, and the famous breed of sheep was still there. To the 
regret of the whole neighbourhood, however, the Foyers left the old place at 
Whitsunday, 1886, and this old race of Strathblane lairds and Campsie farmers 
has passed away from the place that had known them so long and so well. 


The earliest mention of Blairquhosh is when Malcolm Earl of Lennox 
granted to Gillemore, son of Malise, called " Bane," " illam terram in Strablane 
que vocatur Blarechos." ^ This was probably between 1272 and 1282. About 
a century afterwards Duncan, the last of the old Earls of Lennox, granted a 
Charter, dated at " Ynchemurin," loth May, 1398, of that land in " Strablahane " 
which is called Blarechos, "to our beloved and faithful Malise Carrach, and 
the lawful heirs male of his body, whom failing, his natural daughter Forveleth, 
and the lawful heirs of her body, whom failing, his natural daughter Muriel, and 
the lawful heirs of her body." ^ 

In the next century, on the i8th November, 1488, Sir Archibald Edmon- 
stone of Duntreath obtained the lands of Blairquhosh on the resignation ot 

^This is perhaps a Strathblane view of the origin of this famous breed. The Campsie 
people say that David Dun, who preceded the Foyers in Knowehead, and who was a great 
improver of blackfaced sheep, formed this fine flock, and when the Foyers succeeded him 
they took over his sheep. 

^■Ckartulary of Lennox^ p. 47. * Charttdary of Lennox y p. *]i^ 


David Gilchristson alias Dow of Blairquhosh, for security of £^6} But it was 
only a portion of Blairquhosh, for under date 17th Febniary, 1493, there is an 
Instrument by Walter Nory, notary, narrating a division of the lands of Blair- 
quhosh between Archibald Edmonstone of Duntreath, John Dormond of 
Drumgy (John Drummond of Drymen), and Patrick Spetal, portioners thereof.^ 
Sir Archibald Edmonstone had got his portion probably by the non-repayment 
of the £^6 he had lent ; Patrick Spetal may have been some relation or des- 
cendant of Adam Spittal, who was in possession of Blairquhosh before 1394,^ in 
which year he sold it to his cousin Walter, laird of Buchanan; but how John 
Dormond came by his part of it does not appear. 

Blairquhosh, then, was divided into three parts, in a formal and legal manner, 
in 1493, and the deed narrates " That the said Archibald Edmonstone and his 
heirs for ever shall have that east third part near the lands of Duntreath, begin- 
ning from the burn of Croftfelan, descending to the Water of Blane by the ridge 
where the oak grows, together w^ith the pasturage of six soumes of bestial on 
the other two thirds of the said lands." This easter third part afterwards came 
to be called " Blairquhosh Edmonstone," and it has continued part of Duntreath 
estate down to the present day, and the same oak-tree which was growing on 
the "march" in 1493 is still growing on, in green and vigorous old age, in 1886. 
It is on the farm-steading of Blairquhosh Cunninghame, presently occupied by Mr. 
Robert Buchanan, who is well known and popular all over the country under 
the name of " Red Rob," if he will pardon us for the liberty in saying so. 

There seem to be no deeds or writs of any kind extant to show how the 
Cunninghames got the other two thirds (the Buchanan and the Drummond 
thirds) of Blairquhosh, which have ever since borne the name of "Blairquhosh 
Cunninghame." But get them they did before 1535, though whether by pur- 
chase or marriage does not appear, for in that year there is a Charter by Andrew 
Cunninghame "(t/" Blairwhoishy^ with consent of Walter Stirling of Ballagan, 
his curator, in favour of Walter Buchanan of Spittal, of the lands of Blairvocky.* 
In an Instrument of Sasine, dated 22nd August, 1537, Andrew Cunynghame 
of Blayrquhoise appears as bailie for the purpose of infefting George Stirling 
as heir to his father, William Stirling of Glorat, in the Kirklands of Stralh- 
blane.* William Cunninghame of Blairquhosh and Janet Campbell, his spouse, 

1 Duntreath Writs. » Duntreath Writs. 

^ Family of Buchanan, p. 136. There is in the possession of Mr. Buchanan Hamilton of Leny 
an elaborate Buchanan pedigree, entitled **Ane genologie of the laird of boquhannanis hous 
quhairn is discryvit the haill brainchis and honourabill housis that is allyet thair with, &c., &c.'* 
Among "the ofspring of sonnis" appears "the laird of blairhoshe," This pedigree was "wriltin 
and set furth be William Colquhoun in the yeir of God 1602." 

^ Family of Buchanan^ p. 50. "Craigbarnet Writs, 


had a son, Nicol,^ who was in possession of Blairquhois, 30th December, 
1584,* and on the 20th June, 1605, William Cunyngham of Blairhoys was bailie 
for Robert Stirling when William Edmonstone of Duntreath had Sasine of Letter.* 

The Cunninghames of Blairquhosh, whose lands passed away from them 
before the middle of the seventeenth century, were cadets of Drumquhassle, in 
Drymen parish. The Barony of Drumquhassle consisted of the "25 pound 
lands of Drumquhassle, Bowquhinning, Blairfad, Laddinrew, Craigievaime, Kil- 
lairnane, Easter Mugdock Michell, Blairquhoyis^ Middillenbog." * 

Blairquhosh Cunninghame, in 1638, was the property of Lord Napier and 
afterwards of the Buchanans of Carbeth,^ and with them it remained till 1857, 
when Sir Archibald Edmonstone bought it from John Buchanan of Carbeth. It 
comprises the farms of Blairquhosh Cunninghame, Burnfoot, and Drummiekiech,® 
and after being held by Sir Archibald and Sir William Edmonstone in fee 
simple till 1880, it was included in the entailed estate of Duntreath by process 
of excambion for two farms on the Kilsyth estate.^ 

Blairquhosh Edmonstone which includes Roseyards, and Blairquhosh Cun- 
ninghame, are therefore now reunited after being divided for fully 400 years, 
and form an important part of the Duntreath estate in Strathblane. 



The Cunninghames of Drumquhassle in Drj^men, and Mugdock Mitchell and 
Blairquhosh in Strathblane, appear very often in the history of the parish, and 
accounts of two of them in particular, John Cunninghame of Drumquhassle, who 
was unjustly executed in 1584, and his son Cuthbert, the Provost of the 
Collegiate Church of Dumbarton, will be found farther on in this book. They 
are cadets of the family of Kilmaurs or Glencairn, the chief of the name, Sir 
Andrew Cunninghame, first of Polmaise, being a younger son of Sir Robert 
Cunninghame of Kilmaurs, who lived about the beginning of the fourteenth 
century. A younger son of this Sir Andrew of Polmaise was the first Cunning- 
hame of Drumquhassle. The Cunninghames of Blairquhosh were cadets of 

L The first connection of this family with Strathblane was when Alexander 

* Duntreath Writs. Janet Campbell is styled relict of Patrick Livingstone. 
^ Reg, P, C of Scot, y voL iii. p. 715. 

• Duntreath Writs. * Printed Retours. 

"26th December, 17 18, Margaret Kincaid was infeft as spouse of William Buchanan of 
Carbeth, in the lands of blairquhosh (Reg. Sas.). 

' See Duncans in Drummiekiech. ' Duntreath Writs. 


Cunningham e, son and successor to Andrew Cunninghame of Drumquhassle, 
married, before 1502, Margaret Park, one of the co-heiresses of William Park 
of Park, Renfrewshire. He had as part of her portion three fourths of Mugdock 
Mitchell in Strathblane. The Cunninghames were in possession of Blairquhosh 
before 1535. 

II. The eldest son of Alexander Cunninghame of Drumquhassle was Andrew 
Cunninghame, who married Mary, daughter of Robert Lord Erskine, and had 
John, who succeeded him. 

III. John Cunninghame of Drumquhassle married Isobel Cunninghame, 
daughter and one of the co-heiresses of James Cunninghame of Polmaise.^ On 
the 27th May, 1556, Margaret Cunninghame, and Katherine Cunninghame, 
spouse to Duncan Narne, sold their parts of Polmaise to "Johannes Cunynghame 
de Drumquhessill et Isobelle Cunynghame" his spouse, their sister. 

This laird of Drumquhassle had a large family — (i) John, his successor; 

(2) William, afterwards of Polmaise, whose representative, if any, is unknown; 

(3) Robert, afterwards of Trienbeg, now Drumbeg, of whom afterwards; (4) 
Cuthbert, Provost of the Collegiate Church of Dumbarton; (5) Edward; (6) 
Matthew: (i) Janet, who married Malcolm Douglas of Mains; (2) Egidia, who 
married Robert Semple of Fullwood; and (3) Mary, wife of Peter Napier of 
Kilmahew. Mary, the third daughter, is included on Nisbet's authority alone; 
the rest of the family is amply vouched for in the Registers of the Privy 
Council, Privy Seal, and the Great Seal, in Acts of Parliament and in Buchanan, 
Mains and Bandalloch Writs. This laird of Drumquhassle and Mugdock 
Mitchell was executed in Edinburgh in 1584. 

IV. John Cunninghame of Drumquhassle and Mugdock Mitchell duly suc- 
ceeded his father, and was soon afterwards put in possession of his property. 
He is named in the roll of ** Landislordis " called ** The General Band " and 
appended to an Act of Parliament of 1587. His wife was Margaret Elphinstoun. 
The life of Cuthbert Cunninghame, his brother, the Provost of the Collegiate 
Church of Dumbarton,^ shows that Drumquhassle was a troublesome, masterful 
man. He was dead before 28th March, 1605, for on that day there is a bond 
of caution for James Cunninghame of Glengarnock not to harm John Cunning- 
hame of Drumquhassle and Margaret Elphinstoun his mother, John Cunninghame 
and Margaret Elphinstoun had another son, James, of whom afterwards. 

V. John Cunninghame of Drumquhassle and Mugdock Mitchell succeeded 

'^ Reg, Mag, Sig, 14 Mar(ie) 31st May, 1556.— 15 Mar. 31st January, 1557.--18 Mar. i6th 
February, 15&. 

In Nisbet's Heraldry^ vol. ii. p. 298, the lady of Drumquhassle is called Janet, In the 
Register of the Great Seal her name is given as Isobel, 

' See account of the Provostry of Dumbarton. 


Ws father in 1605, and soon afterwards began selling off his property. In 1619 
he sold Mugdock Mitchell to John Earl of Montrose,^ and in 1628 he sold 
Killermont in New Kilpatrick to John Stark.^ He died without issue before 
1635, and was succeeded by his brother James. 

VI. James Cunninghame of Drumquhassle was the last of the family con- 
nected with Strathblane; for Blairquhosh, which was part of his barony, passed 
from the Cunninghames to Lord Napier on an apprising of the estate of Drum- 
quhassle in 1638.* This laird died before 1661, for in that year his son James 
was served heir to him. He succeeded, however, to little more than an 
ancient name, for the remains of the Drumquhassle estates had by this time been 
sold or were soon afterwards. If this James Cunninghame has any descendants 
extant they are no doubt the representatives of the old house of Drumquhassle. 
The author, however, is not aware that any such exist, and the representation 
of Cunninghame of Drumquhassle, Polmaise, and Blairquhosh is in all probability 
to be found in the family who are descended from Robert Cuninghame of 
Trienbeg, son of John Cunninghame of Drumquhassle (No. III.), as mentioned 

I. Robert Cuninghame of Trienbeg, or Drumbeg, as it is now called, was a 
son — it is believed the third — of John Cunninghame of Drumquhassle (No. 
III. above). Among the Bandalloch* writs was the feu charter of Trienbeg, 
dated June, 16 16, granted by the laird of Gleneagles to this Robert Cuning- 
hame.^ By Elspet or Elizabeth, eldest daughter of William Buchanan of Ross 
and Portnellan,® he had two sons — John, who was served heir to his father in 
1630 and died without issue; and William, who succeeded his brother. 

II. William Cuninghame of Drumbeg was served heir to his brother in 1644. 
He married Alice, second daughter of John Buchanan, last of Ampryor,^ a 
descendant of the well-known " King of Kippen," and had a son, John. 

III. John Cuninghame of Drumbeg, who was a Writer to the Signet, 
succeeded his father, and was also in possession of Bandalloch or Ballindalloch 

^ Writs at Buchanan Castle. 

' Old Country Houses of the Old Glasgow Gentry^ p. 155. 

' Writs at Buchanan Castle. 

* This place, which is near Balfron, was originally palled Badendalloch or Bandalloch. It 
is now known as Ballindalloch. 

* This charter is engrossed in the chartulary of the Montrose family, who are now, by 
purchase from the f laldanes of Gleneagles, superior of Drumbeg. " Trenebeg " appears from 
a bond of caution to have been in December, 1584, in possession of ** Patrick Daniclstoun " 
^^Reg, P. C. of Scot, vol. iii. p. 714). Local tradition asserts that John Napier, the celebrated 
inventor of logarithms, was born at Drumbeg in 1550. 

' Nisbet^ vol. ii. Appendix, p. 298, and The Family of Buchanan^ p. 76. 

' Family of Buchanan, p. 61. 


before 1689.^ The Dnimquhassle estates had become much burdened with 
debt and were beginning to melt away in the early part of the seventeenth 
century, and Cuthbert Cunninghame, ex-Provost of the Collegiate Church 
of Dumbarton, whose history is given farther on, and brother of Robert 
Cuninghame first of Drumbeg, had been infeft in Bandalloch in 16 14. This 
infeftment was probably in security of some wadsett or bond due to him 
by his brother or nephew of Drumquhassle, and in 1648 an apprising of 
Bandalloch was led by Cuthbert's grandson, Captain John Cunninghame. It is 
probable that it was at this time, or shortly afterwards, that Bandalloch passed 
to the Cuninghames of Drumbeg from the laird of Drumquhassle or a son or 
cadet of the family. John Cuninghame's wife was Jean, daughter of William 
Weir of Blackwood, in the county of Lanark, and by her he had two sons — 
William, of whom afterwards; and John, W.S., who acquired the estate of 
Balbugy, married, and had issue. 

IV. William Cuninghame of Drumbeg and Ballindalloch manied Martha, 
daughter of Sir George Suttie, who by his marriage to the heiress had come 
into possession of Balgone, and who was created a baronet in 1702. William 
Cuninghame and Martha Suttie had a son, George. 

V. George Cuninghame of Drumbeg and Bandalloch married Esther, daughter 
of Alexander Jolly of the High Court of the Admiralty, Edinburgh. In 1763 
he sold the old family place of Drumbeg to John Gow,^ a member of a 
family who had long held lands in the neighbourhood, and whose descendant, 
James Gow, is now the proprietor. The children of George Cuninghame of 
Bandalloch were — ^William, his successor; John, who became a major-general in 
the army, and died childless at 29 Moray Place, Edinburgh, about 1848; and 
Martha, wife of Professor Andrew Coventry. She was the mother of Andrew 
Coventry, advocate, who died childless in 1877, and of Esther Coventry, wife 
of David Maitland Makgill Crichton of Rankeillour.^ 

^ Balinodaloch or BaUindaUoch, held by the late Duncan of Luss, was granted to Andrew 
de Cunninghame by Malcolm Earl of Wigton about the middle of the fourteenth century 
{Cart, de Levenax^ p. 67), and in one or other of the branches of the Cunninghame family 
it remained till it was sold in 1786. It was at one time the residence of Alexander, fifth 
Earl of Glencairn. 

' The disposition, which is in the possession of the present laird of Drumbeg, narrates that 
George Cuninghame of Bandalloch, with the special advice and consent of Esther Jolly, his 
spouse, and in consideration of 12,700 merks Scots paid to him by John Gow, portioner of 
Drumquhassle, sold to him the town and lands 01 Drumbeg aiitu Trienb^ or Triumbeg. 
Signed at Bandalloch, 5th August, 1763. 

George Cuninghame. 

Esther Jollie. 

'The family of Esther Coventry and David Maitland Makgill Crichton are (i) David, 
Lieutenant-Colonel Grenadier Guards, who married Lady Margaret Bouverie, daughter of the 
Earl of Radnor, and has issue ; (2) Andrew, married Katherine Charlotte, daughter of Sir 
Edward Hnlse, Bart., and has issue; and three daughters. 


VI. William Cuninghame of Bandalloch was a colonel in the army. He 
sold Bandalloch or Ballindalloch in 1786 to Robert Dunmore of Ballikinrain, 
merchant in Glasgow,-^ from whom it afterwards passed to Samuel Cooper, also 
a merchant there, in whose family it still remains. Thus was brought to a 
close the connection of this old branch of the Cuninghames with Western 
Stirlingshire. After the sale of Ballindalloch Colonel Cuninghame bought the 
estate of Ballanorris, in the Isle of Man. By his wife, Christian, daughter of 
John Taubman of The Nunnery, Isle of Man, he had a son and successor, 

VII. Robert Cuninghame of Ballanorris married Margaret, daughter of 
Patrick M*Dougall of Gallanach, Argyllshire, and had three sons and two 
daughters — (i) William John Cuninghame succeeded to Ballanorris on his 
father's death in 1832 ; he was lieutenant and adjutant 42nd Royal Highlanders, 
and died childless in 1850; (2) Patrick Taubman Cuninghame succeeded his 
brother in Ballanorris but died childless in 1872; (3) Robert Campbell Cuning- 
hame, captain in the 42nd Royal Highlanders, served with his regiment 
during the Crimean war. He died at Malta 6th September, 1855, childless; (4) 
Margaret Christian Joanna Cuninghame succeeded her brother Patrick in Balla- 
norris and died unmarried in Edinburgh 14th April, 1885 ; (5) Mary Jane Campbell 
Cuninghame married James Stewart Robertson of Edradynate, W.S., D.L., and 
J. P. for the County of Perth, and F.S.A. Scot.,^ and had issue — James, of whom 
afterwards; Meta Cuninghame and Dorothea (twins), Mary, Helen, and Florence. 
Mrs. Stewart Robertson of Edradynate died 20th April, 1866. 

VIII. William John Cuninghame, as we have shown, succeeded his father in 
1832. His brother, Patrick Taubman Cuninghame, succeeded him on his death 
in 1850, and when Patrick Taubman Cuninghame died in 1872 Miss Margaret 
Christian Joanna Cuninghame became the proprietrix of Ballanorris. On her 
death she was succeeded by her nephew, James Stewart Robertson, son of her 
sister, Mary Jane Campbell Cuninghame, wife of James Stewart Robertson of 

'In the missive letter dated nth October, 1786, William Cuninghame is designed **of 
Ballindalloch, Esquire, captain-lieutenant of His Majesty's Fifty-eighth Regiment of Foot." 
The price paid for the estate was ;^8,500, and the purchaser was Robert Dunmore, who had 
married the only daughter and heiress of John Napier of Ballikinrain. The representative of 
the Dunmore-Napiers of Ballindalloch and Ballikinrain is Elizabeth Agnes Dunmore- Napier, 
wife of Major Charles Campbell Graham Stirling of Craigbarnet, formerly an officer of the 42nd 
Regiment. During the siege of Sebastopol he shared a hut with his friend Captain Robert 
Campbell Cuninghame of the same regiment, grandson of Colonel Cuninghame, last of 
Ballindalloch. Captain Cuninghame was a most gallant and zealous officer, and died of 
Crimean fever at Malta on his way home from the seat of war. 

' See Burke's Landed Gentryy and a very interesting privately printed book, Historic 
Memorials of the Steivarts of Forthergill^ Perthshirey and their male descendants^ by Charles 
Po)mtz Stewart, F.S.A., etc., etc. 



IX. James Stewart Robertson of Colquhalzie, Perthshire, and Ballanorris, 
Isle of Man, succeeded his aunt, Miss Cuninghame of Ballanorris, in 1885. 
He is a captain 3rd Battalion Royal Highlanders, "The Black Watch." He 
married in 1880 Janet Beatrice, daughter of T. VV. Murray Allan of Glenfeochan, 
Argyllshire. He is the eighth in descent from Robert Cuninghame of Trienbeg, 
son of the unfortunate laird of Drumquhassle who was executed in 1584, and 
twelfth in descent from Alexander Cunninghame of Drumquhassle and Mugdock 
Mitchell, the first of the family who had lands in Strathblane. 


The Buchanans of Carbeth in the parish of Killeam are a branch of a very 
old race whose cradle is in north-west Stirlingshire. According to some 
authorities their progenitor was a certain Anselan O'Kyan who married a Den- 
nistoun — an heiress in those parts — hence Mac Anselan or MacAuslan (the son 
of Anselan) was the surname of the family in early days, and is still retained 
by some of them. Be this as it may, it is certain that from an early date the 
Buchanans were settled on the shores of Lochlomond and eastwards, including 
parts of Strathblane. 

Sir Walter Buchanan of Buchanan had three sons, of whom the eldest, Patrick, 
carried on the line, and the second or third, Thomas, had a charter of Carbeth 
in Killeam from John Haldane of Gleneagles in 1476,^ and was the first laird of 
Carbeth. This "Thomas de Buchanane" had also a charter of the Temple 
Lands of Letter in Killeam, from "Frater Henricus de Leuyngstoun Miles," 
Preceptor of Torphichen, dated 3rd Febmary, 1461. In an instrument of sasine 
upon a precept from Sir William KnoUis, Lord St. John, also preceptor of 
Torphichen, dated 17th February, 1493, for infefting him in the lands of Letter 
and Boquhanbeg, he is styled Thomas Buchanan "of Carbeth," ^ and in the 
Carbeth family these Letter lands remained till 2nd December, 1614, when 
they were sold to Sir William Livingstone of Kilsyth.® To Thomas Buchanan, 
first of Carbeth, five other Thomases duly succeeded; then followed three 
Johns, the last of whom was bom in 1668. He married Margaret, eldest 
daughter of Stirling of Kippendavie, and had William, his successor, and other 

William Buchanan of Carbeth — and Blairquhosh, which now belonged to the 

' Buchanan of Aucktnar^ p. 87. 

^Duntreath Writs. 

^ Letter now forms part of the Duntreath estate. 


Buchanans,' — was born in 1695, and married in 1717, Margaret, daughter of 
Kincaid of Auchenreoch. He had a large family, and on his death in 1737 
bis eldest son, John, succeeded. 

John Buchanan of Carbeth and Blairquhosh married on Christmas Day, 
1746, Ann, second daughter of James Buchanan of Cremanan.* He died in 

John Buchanan of Carheth and Blairquhosh, who then succeeded, was the 
third son of the laie laird. He was born in 1755, 
and in 1803 married Margaret, second daughter of 
James Loch, Joint Remembrancer of H.M. Ex- 
chequer in Scotland. They had two sons and two 

John Buchanan, the eldest son, succeeded to 
Carbeth and Blairquhosh on the death of his father 
in 1835, and in 1857 sold Blairquhosh to Sir 
Archibald Edmonstone of Duntreath, as already 
shown. He had married, 7th April, 1836, Mary 
Ixiuisa, daughter of Sir Henry Bayly, K.C.B. They 
had five daughters. The three eldest died young, 
and the two younger, Ann Jane and Henrietta 

Charlotte, succeeded to the estate of Carbeth on FmaSMtht^Mifmii^^'/Mia 
the death of their father 14th March, 1871. Car- Ann j^^i 8„cha^n. 

beth was sold by them. Miss Ann Jane Buchanan retaining a small piece 
of land on which she erected a villa residence. Henrietta Charlotte Buchanan, 
the younger sister, married, 8th March, 1871, John Stirling Stirling of Gargun- 
nock, now a retired colonel of the Royal Artillery. They have four sons, of 
whom the eldest is Charles; and the second is Anselan, so named after the 
remote ancestor of the Buchanans; and two daughters. 

On the extinction of the elder branch of the Clan Buchanan and the sale 
of their lands to the Marquis of Montrose, the family of Carbeth considered 
themselves chief, but the Leny branch now bear the undilferenced arms, in- 
cluding the supporters, and their claim to be the head of this great I,ennox 
family has never been seriously disputed. 

The ('Ian Buchanan in all its branches had restless limes of it in days of 
old, and is included in an Act of the Scottish Parliament of 1587 "For the 
quieting and keeping in obedience of the disorderit subjectis inhabitantes of the 

■Reg. Sas., 36Lh Decemlier, 1718. 

'James Buchanan was shot dead by mislake for Cuninghame of Balllndalloch l<y a party 
of Rob Roy's men, at the great oak tree which stands in (he old clachan of BaKroo. tiun- 
inghame was at enmity, fnt some reason, with Ihe Mat^r^or. 


Bourderis Hielandis and His." This Act was unfortunately disregarded, and 
family and clan feuds continued as violent as ever. Thus in 1590 the 
Buchanans and the Macaulays, who were at enmity, met at the Dumbarton 
Lammas Fair, and while the Macaulays "were in quiet and sobir maner doing 
thair lesum effeairis and busynes within the said fair," the Buchanans "maist 
cmellie and unmercifuUie invadit and persewit " them, " straik, hurte, and 
woundit the said Duncane M*caula in his heid throw the harne pan thairof, the 
said Johnne Dow M*Gregoar behind his schoulder blaid, quhairthrow his lichtis 
and interallis micht be sene, the said James Colhoun in his womb, the said 
M*Cala in his schoulder, the said Johnne Miller youngair in his richt hand, and 
hes mutilit him thairof, and the said M'Gibbon in his heid, to the effusioun of 
their bludis in grite quantitie and left them lyand for deid, and siclike maist 
shamefullie, cmellie, and unmercifuUie slew the said umquhile Walter M*Cala." 
For this the Buchanans were pronounced rebels, and on the 31st March of next 
year had to find caution not to harm the Macaulays, John Stirling of Glorat and 
John Stirling of Craigbarnet being the cautioners for their neighbour Thomas 
Buchanan of Carbeth.^ 

A few months after this time we find the Buchanans complaining to the 
Council that the laird of Ardencaple persecuted them, and associated with him- 
self in doing so, the laird of Macgregor and many of his clan, " all thevis, brokin 
men, and sornaris " ; and the climax of the quarrel came, when in February 
1603, Macgregor of Glenstrae and his clan "hafing concludit the destructioune 
of Alexander Colquhoune of Luse, his kyn, freindis, and alys, and the haill 
surname of the Balqiihannanu^'^ came down upon the Lennox, and by the 
fearful slaughter of the Colquhouns and their friends in Glenfruin brought down 
upon themselves the stern vengeance of the Government which sought to 
deprive them of their very name.^ 

"The Meikle Tree" — the splendid old oak which stands by the roadside 

^Records of the Privy Couticil of Scot. ^ vol. iv. pp. 525 and 604. 

"Pitcairn's Criminal Trials, 

• In 1603, and subsequently at intervals for folly a century, by various Acts of Parliament 
the name of Macgregor was abolished, death being the punishment of any one using it. An 
old tombstone in Strathblane Churchyard (on which, however, a comparatively modem date 
has been re-cut) shows how the law was evaded, the friends of the ** Son of Alpine " buried 
beneath it having incised thereon — 


There seems little doubt that the Macgregors were as much ** sinned against as sinning." 
Their ancient tribal or clan lamls lay in the district between the Argyll and Breadalbane 
Campbells, who, partly by violence, but more by deceit and fraud, got possession of them 
and drove the Macgregors to despair and robbery. 



at Blairquhosh — was a favourite trysting place, both for the peaceful purposes 
of making bargains and drawing up agreements, and also, it may be supposed, 
for the assembling of the Strathblane branch of the Clan Buchanan "all bodin 
in feir of weir" to attack their enemies or defend their friends. 



Among the families in Killearn who were not possessed of lands was an old 
race of the name of Duncan. They were leading people in that parish in the 
seventeenth century, and though the main line is extinct in the district, there 
are many families both in Strathblane and elsewhere descended from this good 
old stock. 

John Duncan in Ledlowan, in Killearn, and afterwards in Drummiekeich 
(part of Blairquhosh Cuninghame), in Strathblane, married in 1703 Elizabeth 
Graham, one of the large clan in Strathblane which had grown and multiplied 
since David de Grahame was settled at Mugdock about the middle of the 
thirteenth century. John Duncan and his wife had three sons, of whom after- 
wards, and two daughters — Elizabeth, who married in 1740 William Finlay 
of Moss, and had (i) William of Moss, who was the father of the late William 
Finlay of Moss, who died childless ; Mrs. James Adair Lawrie, of whose family 
the eldest son, Archibald Campbell Lawrie, advocate, now of Moss, is a judge in 
Ceylon; and Mrs. Dixon. (2) Jean, married David Bannerman of Letham Hill, 
whose only surviving child, Elizabeth, married at the Moss in 1805 the Rev. 
John Graham of Fintry, afterwards of Killearn (see Grahams of Ballewan), and 
had issue. Captain Thomas Graham, late of Balfunning, and three daughters. 
(3) Mary, married James Dennistoun of Golf hill, banker in Glasgow, and had 
four sons — (i.) Alexander, M.P. for Dumbartonshire in 1834, who succeeded 
his father in Golfhill, and was head of the great house of J. & A. Dennistoun, 
Glasgow. The survivors of his family are Alexander H. Dennistoun, now of 
Golfhill, and Eleanor, wife of Professor Sellar of Edinburgh, (ii.) William, died 
young, (iii.) James, married, but died childless, (iv.) John, from 1837 to 1847 
M.P. for Glasgow, and a partner of J. & A. Dennistoun. The survivors of his 
family are John, a merchant in London, and Constance, whose first husband was 
John Hamilton, and who is now the wife of Archibald C. Lawrie of Moss. 
Mary Finlay and James Dennistoun had also two daughters, Mrs. Walter Wood, 
died childless, and Mrs. John Wood, whose grandson, John Walter Cross, 
married George Eliot, the celebrated authoress. Mr. Dennistoun by a second 
marriage had three daughters. Jean, the second daughter of John Duncan and 
Elizabeth Graham, married in 1736 James Smith of Craigend. (See Craigend.) 



Andrew Duncan, the eldest of the three sons, died young, and John and 
James were tenants in Drummiekeich. John Duncan married Agnes Lyle, a 
daughter of another old Strathblane family, and had two sons — ^John, born in 
1738, and Charles, born 1739, and a daughter, Bethia, who married Robert 
M'Indoe of Carbeth, and had issue. James Duncan married Margaret Taylor 
of Fintry, and had a large family, of whom the three eldest, James, William, 
and John, went to Virginia to push their fortunes there along with their cousins, 
Charles Duncan and Archibald Smith, afterwards of Jordanhill, a younger son 
of James Smith of Craigend and Jean Duncan, his wife. Ann Duncan, the 
youngest daughter of James Duncan and Margaret Taylor, married Archibald 
Craig of Daisholm, of the Ballewan family (which see). 

Of the Strathblane cousins who thus settled in America, Charles Duncan 
remained there, married, and had two daughters, one of whom married James 
Dunlop of Rosslyn, Virginia, afterwards of Russell Square, London, and the 
other was Mrs. Gamble. Mrs. Dunlop had a son, and Mrs. Gamble a daughter, 
but both died unmarried. James, William, and John Duncan and Archibald 
Smith, on the breaking out of the War of Independence in 1774, left America, 
the Duncans settling in Dublin, and Archibald Smith, as a West India merchant, 
in Glasgow. (See Craigend.) 

Leaving James Duncan, the eldest of the three brothers, till afterwards, we 
find that William Duncan^ the second of them, married a Scottish lady. Miss 
Baird, and had (i) William, who went to South America, and fought in the 
War of Independence in 1824, under General Bolivar, with the rank of colonel. 
His two sons, Colonel James Duncan and William Duncan, are well-known 
citizens of Baranquilla, South America. (2) James, who also went to South 
America. (3) Maria, married David Taylor of Edendale. Their eldest daughter, 
Agnes Maria, married John Craig, son of Archibald Craig of Dalsholm, of the 
family of Ballewan, Strathblane, and had issue Archibald David Craig and the 
Rev. John Duncan Craig, D.D., incumbent of Trinity Church, Dublin. (See 
Ballewan.) (4) Rebecca. (5) Jane. (6) Agnes. 

John Duncan, the youngest of the brothers who returned from Virginia, 
married a sister of William Duncan's wife. His son settled in the United 
States, married, and had a daughter, who married Dr. Emmett, a New York 
physician, and nephew of the celebrated and unfortunate Robert Emmett, one 
of the leaders of the Irish rebellion, and who was executed in 1803. John 
Duncan had a daughter, Mrs. John Hutton, whose eldest son is John Hutton 
of Merovyn, County Wicklow ; her daughter Maria married the Rev. John 
A. Malet, D.D., whose son is Professor Malet of the Queen's University, and 
her daughter Henrietta married Charles J. Fox Taylor of Redford Lodge. 

James Duncan, the eldest of the brothers, returned from Virginia and 



became a West India merchant He lived in Eccles Street, Dublin, and 
by his marriage in 1796 to Hannah, daughter of William Arnold, he had 
a daughter, Elizabeth, born 1797, who married George Peyton of Driney, 
County Lei trim, and had issue; and a son, James, born 1798. 

James Duncan the son, was manager of the Bank of Ireland at Sligo. He 
married Harriett Crosthwait, daughter of Leland Crosthwait, Governor of the 
Bank of Ireland, and had five daughters and two sons, of whom the eldest, 
James, died in 1853. J^unes Duncan died in Dublin in 1874, and is buried at 
Sligo. The second son, Leland Crosthwait Duncan, fourth in descent from 
John Duncan of Ledlowan and Drummiekeich, and Elizabeth Graham, his wife, 
was bom in 183 1. He is an ofiicer in H.M. Customs, and lives in London. 
He married in 1861 Caroline Ellen, daughter of F. Lewis, of Her Majesty's 
Treasury, and has issue, Leland Lewis Duncan, of the War Office, bom 1862 ; 
Caroline Annette^ and Amy Adela. 


''All and haill the lands called the Temple Lands, or Lands of Spittall of 

These lands were no part of the original Barony of Duntreath, neither did 
they belong to either of the three Ballewans. They were doubtless a gift from 
one of the old Earls of Lennox to the Knights Templars, after whose suppres- 
sion the Knights Hospitallers possessed them, and from them they passed to 
secular hands. They are of but small extent 

The earliest of the Duntreath writs relating to these Spittal lands is a charter 
of alienation of them by John Blair and others to James Edmonstone of Broich. 
They are described as " the Temple lands of the Hospital of Ballewan." ^ This 
James Edmonstone of Broich sold them in 1696 to his nephew, Archibald 
Edmonstone, son of his brother Archibald,^ and from that time there was a 
succession of Archibald Edmonstones lairds of Spittal till 1833, when the then 
Archibald sold his lands to the late Sir Archibald Edmonstone of Duntreath.' 


The original family of Edmonstone of Broich sprang from James, brother 
of Sir William Edmonstone of Duntreath, who fell at Flodden in 15 13. His 
descendant, James Edmonstone of Broich, who flourished about the beginning 
of the seventeenth century, married Elizabeth, daughter of Sir James Edmon- 

' Duntreath Writs. ' Disposition dated loth November, 1696. 

' Disposition dated 9th July, 1833. 


Stone of Duntreath, by his second wife, Margaret, daughter of Sir John Col- 
quhoun of Luss. They had an only daughter, Elizabeth, who was heiress of 
Broich. She married her first cousin, John Edmonstone, third son of William 
Edmonstone of Duntreath. This John Edmonstone is styled in one of the 
Broich writs, dated 5th April, 1654, "Tutor of Duntreath and heretor of the 
lands of Broich," the office of tutor or guardian of his nephews, William, " the 
dumb laird of Duntreath," and Archibald, his brother, who were minors when 
their father died in 1637, having been given to him in 1644. 

John Edmonstone of Broich, tutor of Duntreath, fell into debt, and about 
1653 Archibald Edmonstone of Ballewan and Harlehaven (of whom afterwards) 
led an action of apprising against him. The result of this action was a decreet 
signed 24th February, 1657, following which was a charter granted by David 
and John Graham of **Bocklyvie," superiors thereof, and finally, sasine of the lands 
of Broich, in favour of Archibald Edmonstone of Harlehaven.^ In 1662 
Archibald Edmonstone made over Broich to James, his eldest son. The Broich 
writs show that the new laird did not get immediate possession of his lands. 
Things did not go smoothly, for William Edmonstone who was son and 
heir of John Edmonstone, tutor of Duntreath and laird of Broich, was living 
in the house of Broich in 1664, and would not give it up. Some pro- 
ceedings in the Privy Council, dated 14th July, 1664, show how the new 
laird of Broich, aided and abetted by his father, and tired of waiting, took the 
law into his own hands, and how he found it too strong for him. The Act 
of Council narrates how William Edmonstone, son of William Edmonstone of 
Broich, complained to the Council "upoun the said Archibald Edraondstoun 
(of Harlehaven) and his said son (James Edmondstoun) for breaking up the 
said William Edmondstoun of Broich his doors of the said house of Broich, 
and the said James Edmondstoun, his sitting doune therein and intrometting 
with and seizing upoun the said William his goods." "The Lords of His 
Majestie*s Privie Councell ordained the said James Edmondstoun to quyt and 
leave the possession attained by him in maner therein lybelled and to re-enter 
the said William Edmondstoun, pursuer thereto, in the same case as he was 
befor he was dispossest be him therfra, within six dayes under the paine of 
five hundred merks by and attour the fullfilling of the forsaid sentence as the 
said act of the date forsaid beares." 

On the ist December, 1665, "ane sumonds of spulzie" was raised before 
the Lords of Council and Session at the instance of the said William Edmond- 
stoun, therein designed laufull son to Mr. John Edmondstoun of Broich, against 
Archibald Edmondstoun of Harlehaven and James Edmondstoun, his son ; 

J Broich Writs. 



and thereafter innumerable legal proceedings took place at the instance of the 
old Broich family against the new, who had managed, however, to get possession 
of the house and lands, to settle whether Archibald Edmonstone of Harle- 
haven had been lawfully infefted in Broich when the decreet of apprising was 
put in force in 1657. 

John Edmonstone of Broich died, and so did William, his son, and Archi- 
bald Edmonstone of Harlehaven and his son James of Broich " went the way 
of all living " too, but the " gude ganging plea " survived and " Anna Helena 
Edmondstoun, oye, and appearand heir to the deceast Master John Edmonds- 
toun of Broich, and daughter to the also deceast William Edmonstoun sometime 
of Broich," was still carrying it on with vigour in 171 7. In that year James the 
first of Broich of the new family being dead, the Lords of Council and Session 
decided in favour of James and John Edmonstone, his son and grandson, that 
they had a " reall right in the lands of Broich craved to be adjudged in virtue 
of their saids appryseings, infeftment, and possesioun following thereon ; and that 
the said right is now prescrived by uninterrupted possessioun." One would have 
thought that this judgment was the end of the matter, but the final arrange- 
ment was not made till 1724. 

The quarrel being now settled, and both Broich families having no doubt 
considerably impoverished themselves and enriched the lawyers by their long 
litigation, let us return to Archibald Edmonstone of Harlehaven and Ballewan, 
the ancestor of the family of Edmonstone of Spittal in Strathblane. 

Archibald Edmonstone of Ballewan and Harlehaven, father of James 
Edmonstone of Broich of the new line, of John, and also of Archibald, from 
whom the Edmonstones of Spittal descend, was the son and heir^ of James 
Edmonstone, in whose favour there is an instrument of sasine of the half of 
Blairgar dated 21st January, 1613, and who had a charter of Ballewan from 
William Edmonstone, fiar of Duntreath, with consent of Sir James, his father, 
7th February, 1614.^ On the 8th September, 1601, this "James Edmestoun 
in Ballewne" is included in a bond of caution "not to harm Johnne Lennox 
of Ballewne (Ballewan Lennox), or Johnne Lennox, his son and apparent heir," 
and there are other notices of him. He was a grandson of James Edmonstone 
who was in Ballewan in 1553. This James was a son of Sir Archibald 
Edmonstone, third of Duntreath. He was a person of some consequence, and 
the defect in his birth, for he was illegitimate, was removed in 1553 by Letters 
of Legitimation under the Great Seal from Her Majesty Queen Mary.^ 

1 Duntreath Wriis. * Duntreath Writs. 

* '* Apud Edinburgh, 2nd September, 1553. Regina, etc., dedit literas le^'timationis 
Jacobo Edmestoun in Ballewin filio natural! quondam Archibaldi Edmestovn de Duntreath.'' 
—Re^, Mag, .S>>. 11 Mar(ie), 1553. 



Archibald Edmonstone of Ballewan and Harlehaven, had by his wife, Jean 
Stirling, three sons— (i) James of Broich; (2) John of Ballewan and Blairgar, 
merchant in Haddington, from whom Ballewan and Blairgar returned to the 
Duntreath family; (3) Archibald, of whom afterwards. 

James Edmonstone had a grant of Broich from his father in 1662, and as 
we have already shown was at law thereanent up to the day of his death. 
His wife was Margaret Graham, and by her he had a son, James, who 
succeeded him both in Broich and in the lawsuit which ended in 1724. This 
James married Jean Wordie, and his family were— yj?^//, who married in 17 18 
Marion Livingstone, and died childless; George^ merchant in Edinburgh, after- 
wards of Broich, who married in 1727 Jane Helen, daughter of Sir Charles 
Gibson of Kirkhill, and died childless in 1758; and Ann^ who married 
Alexander M'Gregor, Edinburgh, and had a son, James, who died unmarried; 
and three daughters. George Edmonstone was the last laird of Broich of the 
Duntreath race, the estate having been sold by him in 1753 to William Leckie, 
surgeon, formerly of Jamaica.^ Having thus disposed of the Edmonstones of 
Broich we return to Archibald Edmonstone, third son of Archibald Edmonstone 
of Ballewan and Harlehaven. 

I. This Archibald Edmonstone may be considered the immediate ancestor 
of the family of Spittal in Strathblane. He seems to have lived at Blairquhosh, 
and he died in 1704 leaving a son and successor. 

II. Archibald Edmonstone, who was born 1676. He acquired Spittal from 
James of Broich, his uncle. These lands, though perhaps wadsetted or other- 
wise out of the family for a time, had apparently belonged both to his father 
and grandfather. Be this, however, as it may, certainly Spittal was his property 
by 1696, and Ballewan his home. He became also, like his father and grand- 
father, Bailie of Duntreath, and like them too farmed Ballewan and other lands. 
His wife was Jean, daughter of James Williamson of Mugdock, and Margaret 
Calder, and by her he had — Margaret, born 17 15, wife of John Blair in 
Balquharrage, Campsie ; Agnes, bom 1716, first wife of John Coubrough, 
the great-grandfather of John Coubrough presently of Blanefield; Arckibaldy his 
successor, of whom afterwards ; yiz/^^j, bom i^ 20 \ /o/tn, bom i*]22] Janet, born 

* William Leckie was a member of an old Stirlingshire family, whose memory still lingers 
in the name of one of their former estates — Croy Leckie. Isabella Leckie, his third daughter, 
was the wife of Robert Ewing, one of a race long settled in Dumbartonshire. She was the 
mother of the late well-known William Leckie Ewing, who became the proprietor of Broich 
by purchase from his uncle, Buchanan Leckie. Mr. Leckie Ewing dropped Broich as the name 
of his estate and adopted from another part of his lands, Arngomery, the name it now bears. 
One of William Leckie Ewing*s daughters, and wife of Archibald Robertson of the Royal 
Bank, Glasgow, is the mother of Mrs. Robert Jameson, whose husband has just added to 
the attractions of Strathblane by the erection of a handsome house on the classic Field of 
Ardennan ; and also of Mrs. Charles K. Aitken, who lives at Napier Lodge, in the parish. 
There are young natives of Strathblane in both houses. 


1724, died 1733; AnnOy born 1726, wife of John Maitland, Killearn ; /^/z//, born 
1728, the wife of John Craig (see Ballewan); Elizabeth^ born 1730, died 1733 i 
Jamesy bom 1732, died 1734. 

III. Archibald Edmonstone of Spittal, born 1718, married in 1750 Bethia 
Lyle, daughter of Charles Lyle of Arlehaven or Harlehaven — which his father, 
James Lyle of Dunburgh, had acquired from the Edmonstones — and Bethia 
Harvie, his wife.^ Archibald Edmonstone and Bethia Lyle's children were — 
Bethiay born 1751, married in 1779 John Foyer of Cult (see Cult); Jeany died 
an infant; Archibald, next laird of Spittal, of whom afterwards; Charies, of 
Demerara and Cardross Park, Dumbartonshire;^ Jean, born in 1759, married 
Archibald Lapslie — she died in 182 1; Margaret^ born 1761. Archibald 
Edmonstone of Spittal died 1761. 

IV. Archibald Edmonstone of Spittal, bom 1754, married in 1785 Elizabeth 
Aitken, daughter of Robert Aitken,^ a citizen of Glasgow, and had Archibald, of 
whom afterwards; Margaret Hester, bom 1789, died unmarried at Stirling 1872; 
Robert, born 1791, died 1834, unmarried; Charles, born 1793, died at Deme- 
rara in 1822, unmarried; William, born 1794, some time of Canada, died 
1875, unmarried; George, born 1795, died at Demerara 1818, unmarried; 
Bethia, bora 1798, married in 1819 John Montgomerie, and died in Trinidad 
in 182 1, leaving one son, Hugh Montgomerie, of whom afterwards; Agnes, bom 
1 80 1, died an infant; James, bom 1802, died in 1820, unmarried; Eliza, born 
1805, died unmarried at Stirling, i86c. Archibald Edmonstone of Spittal died 
in 182 1.* 

^ This is the lady to whom the Edmonstones of Spittal are indebted for the Christian 
name of Bethia, It at once took their fancy, and to-day they are as fond of it as ever. In 
every family, of whatever surname, almost without exception, descended from Bethia Harvie, 
if happily there are daughters, a Bethia is sure to appear. Bethia Harvie was the second 
daughter of John Harvie of Blackhouse by Agnes Gourlay of Kepdarroch, his wife. 

' Charles Edmonstone of Demerara and Cardross Park, Dumbartonshire, was born in 1757 
and died in 1827. He married Helen Keid, and had — (i) Charles ^ of Cardross Park, who 
married Alice Ainsworth and had issue — Bethia, died unmarried 1854; Charles Grant, died 
unmarried 1867 ; Lydia Helen, died unmarried 1883 ; Robert John Stanislaus, married Lilias 
Eliza Tatham, and had issue — Alice, died unmarried 185 1 ; Harry, died an infant. Mr. Charles 
Edmonstone of Cardross Park was lost at sea off South Africa ; (2) Robert John, drowned 
in Natal; (3) Eliza, died unmarried 1870; (4) Anne, bom 1810, married, 1829, Charles 
Waterton of Walton Hall, Yorkshire, a famous traveller and naturalist, and author of Wander- 
ings in South America^ etc., a most interesting book. He died in 1865 in his 83rd year. 
His wife died in 1830, leaving one son, Edmund Waterton of Deeping Waterton Hall, Lincoln- 
shire, who married and has issue. 

' Mr. Aitken's son was manager of the Bank of Scotland in Glasgow, and his grandson is a very 
well known and respected citizen of Glasgow, now retired — Robert Aitken of Aitken & Mackenzie. 

^ Archibald Edmonstone of Spittal towards the close of the last and at the beginning of this century 
took an active part in improving the breeds of cows and sheep in Strathblane. Dr. Gibb, in the Old 
Statistical Account 0/ Scotland^ tells of the valuable sheep he introduced ; and Dr. Patrick Graham 
in his report on Stirlingshire mentions his fine breed of cows and a valuable bull he brought from 
Ayrshire, and which did much to improve the Ayrshire stock in Strathblane. Mr. Edmonstone, 


V. Archibald Edmonstone of Spittal, bom 1786, was a West India proprietor 
in Demerara. lu 1830, after some legal proceedings, Spittal was acquired by 
him from the factor and trustees of his late father, and sasine duly followed. 
Like other holders, however, of West India estates, his property there was 
much depreciated by the anticipated effect of the Emancipation Act. He was 
unable, therefore, to hold Spitlal, and on the 9th July, 1833, he sold it to his 
chief, Sir Archibald Edmonstone of Duntreaih, Baronet Thus passed away 
from the parish this branch of the Edmonstones, who had been for many gener- 
ations, and more especially in the absence of the main stem from the Castle, 
the principal resident family in Strathblane. 

The present representative of the Edmonstones of Spittal is Hugh Edmon- 
stone- Montgomerie, F.S.A., now of London, He is the son of Bethia Edmonstone, 
sister of Archibald, last of Spittal, and John Montgomerie, her husband. On 
the death of his uncle, William Edmonstone, without issue in 1875, all of whose 
brothers and sisters, with the exception of Bethia Edmonstone or Montgomerie, 
had died unmarried, Hugh Edmonstone-Montgomerie became his heir-at-law. 
He had early in life, at the request of his maternal relatives, by whom he was 
brought up, assumed the name of Edmonstone, and this assumption was ratified 
and confirmed on the zznd March, 1876, by a Royal Warrant under the sign 
manual of Her Majesty the Queen. On the ist June, 1876, license was 
granted by the Lyon King of Arms for his bearing the arms of Montgomerie 
and Edmonstone, quarterly, duly differenced, as the representative of the family 
of Edmonstone of Spittal.^ 

Hugh Edmonstone-Montgomerie was born in 1820. Jn 1855 he married 
Ellen Appleyard, youngest daughter of Thomas Turner of Eastry, Kent, and has 
issue,* with others, William Edmonstone, bom i860. 

justly proud of his fine !^heep, had (he bead of a handsome hlackfaced ram, bred on the Ballewan 
Braes, made into a snulf-uiull, biass mounted, and hung with suitable appendages, and with the 
following engraved upon il : — "Presented to the Stirlingshire Charitable Society by Archibald 
Edmonstone of Spitwl, one of its nienibeis.— Ijlh January, 1812." The Glasgow Stirlingshire 
Charitable Society and the Sons of the Rock Society, now united, carefully preserve this interesting 
gin, and at their annual dinner on Auld Hansel Monday it is reverently handed round the table. 

' Quarterly, first and fourth, grand quarters counter-quartered ; 6rst and fourth azure, Ihtee 
flcur de lis or, second and third gules, three annulets or, stoned azure, all within a bordure 
engrailed or, charged with a double iressure flowered and counter- flowered of tleur de lis gules, 
for Montgomerie. Second and third grand quarters or, three crescents gules within a double 
Iressure, flowered and counter -flowered of fleur de lis gules, in the centre a crescent azure lor 
difference, for Edmonstone — Crests upon ihe dexter side, on a chnpeau, a dexter gauntlet erect 
proper, the hand holding a dagjer, also proper hilted and pommelled or, for Montgomerie [ and 
upon the sinister side, out of a ducal coronet or a swan's head and neck, ai^ent Maked or, for 
Edmonstone. Molto, Garde-Garde. 

'Mr. Ed monstune-Moni gome tie's family consists ai Bitkia Edmonstone, married 1876 Charles 
Ailkcn of Richmond, and has issue ; EiUth Edmemtene, married 1885 Robert Slanser M'Nair of 
Greenfield, Lanarkshire, advocate; Constance Edmsttslone ; iVilliam Edmonstone, born 1860; 
Archibald Edmonstone, bom l86j, died 1863 ; Atanein Edmonstone : C/ieirlcs iCalcrlcn Edmmslane, 
born lt(66. 



This small wedge-shaped poffle of land contains i acre 3 roods Scots, and 
has for long been a part of the Duntreath estate. It was originally probably 
detached from Cult Craigbarnet by some process of excambion, and this was done 
for the purpose of having an exit to the lower Duntreath lands for the hay 
brought down by the sleds or slypes from the portion of the hills belonging to 
the Edmonstones which lay to the north of Cult Craigbarnet. 

In 1859 it was feued to Mrs. Agnes Hunter or Webster and Robert Webster, 
her son, factor on Duntreath, and the house now upon it was then built On 
Mrs. Webster's death it was bought back by Sir Archibald Edmonstone, and 
reunited to his estate,^ and it is now leased to Miss Mary Graham, surviving 
daughter of the late Rev. John Graham, D.D., of Killearn. 


On the 2ist May, 1817, Sir Charles Edmonstone of Duntreath and John 
Guthrie of Carbeth entered into a Deed of excambion by which Sir Charles 
gave up a piece of land which ran down to Carbeth Ix>ch containing 11 acres 
I rood 10 falls of the lands of Arlehaven, in the Barony of Duntreath, and in 
return received from Mr. Guthrie part of the lands of Carbeth lying near 
Auchengillan, consisting of 16 acres i rood 10 falls Scots,' now included in 
Dungoiach farm. 


This is a feu from Ballewan Lennox or Wester Ballewan, the property of 
John Cameron Graham of Ballewan. It contains about eight acres, and was 
feued off by the late Thomas Graham of Ballewan, Master of the Mint, to his 
brother-in-law, James Reid, of the Union Bank of Scotland, Glasgow. Mr. 
Reid built the present excellent house upon it, and upon his widow's death in 
1878 it was put up for sale, and bought by Sir William Edmonstone, and it now 
forms part of the Duntreath estate, James E. Dunn being tenant. 

Having thus described in detail the whole lands in Strathblane belonging to 
Sir William Edmonstone at the present day, and the families who have been 
connected with them, we may now point out by way of summary that the 
original Barony of Duntreath in Strathblane consisted of— 

» Duntreath Writs. 2 Carbeth Guthrie Writs. 


Duntreath, including Craigbrock ; 

Arlehaven Edmonstone, including Auchentall ; 

Dungoiach ; 

Blairgar, including Blairgarmore, Blairgarbegg, and Caldhame; 

Ballewan Edmonstone or Middle Ballewan ; and 

Cult Edmonstone, including Corriedale. 
Blairquhosh Edmonstone, including Roseyards, is an old holding of the 
Edmonstones, but not a part of the original Barony. 
The more modem additions to Duntreath are — 

Arlehaven Douglas; 

Spittal of Ballewan ; 

Blairquhosh Cunninghame ; 

Dunmullin, a feu from Ballewan Lennox ; 

And the small part of Carbeth, for which, however, an equivalent was given 
from the lands of Arlehaven Edmonstone. 


The Edmonstones of Duntreath are an ancient family, possibly descended 
from one of those Saxon barons who came to Scotland with Margaret, sister 
of Edgar Atheling, on her marriage to King Malcolm Canmore, that illustrious yet 
unknown band in whose shadowy ranks peerage writers and arrangers of family 
histories grope wildly for "ancestors." 

The first Edmonstone of whom anything is really known is a certain 
Henricus de Edmundiston who was living in 1248, and who seems to have 
been the proprietor of Edmonstone in Midlothian.^ But who were his ancestors ? 
and where was the " toun " ^ that belonged to Edmund, the first of the race ? 
This is a question that cannot be answered with certainty, though it seems 
probable he was of the same stock as the old Scottish family of Seton. There 
are two reasons for thinking this. One is because the lands of the Setons and 
the Edmonstones are often found close together and intermingled, so to speak. 
Thus the lands of "Edmonstone," where possibly the unknown Edmund first 
established his "toun," was surrounded by the great estates once held by the 
Setons. The lands of Culloden, too, an ancient holding of the Setons, had 
early passed to the Edmonstones, and there is still another and older occurrence 

'^Duntreath Book^ pp. 2, 18, 70. 

' The " toun " or " ton," from which, with a Christian name prefixed, so many of our 
surnames are derived, was originally the enclosure which surrounded a house or castle. It 
afterwards came to mean the house and its immediate surroundings, and finally house and lands 
— the estate, in fact. This word is still used in Scotland for a farm, the '* the three touns of 
Easter Mugdock," in Strathblane, being a case in point. 



of this conjunction of Edmonstones and Setons. In an Assize Roll of 
Cumberland (6-20, Edward I., circa 1 278-1 292), "Archebaldus de Hedde- 
midestone" and Edith, his wife, claim against Thomas de Hotonref one third 
of the half of the vill of Hotonref, as dower of Walter de Reynfru, her first 
husband, and this Heddemidestone was surrounded in Cumberland by Setons, 
many of whom held lands there at that time.^ 

Another reason for thinking the Setons and the Edmonstones are of the same 
race is the singular similarity of their armorial bearings, for in old times two distinct 
families could not long bear the same coat without disagreeable consequences. 
This is clearly brought out by Mr. George Seton in his Scottish Heraldry,^ 

In Mr. Laing's Catalogue of Ancient Scottish Seals^^ the seal of Sir Alex- 
ander Seton of Seton, a.d. 12 16, is a simple shield charged with three crescents. 
This is the earliest on record, and there is no double tressure. In the same 
book* the seal of a succeeding Sir Alexander Seton of Seton, a.d. 1337, is given, 
three crescents as before, but now within the double tressure. In the " Armorial 
de Berry," a beautiful illustrated MS. whose date is probably 1450 to 1455, the 
arms are given in colours of Le Sire de Seton. They are or, three crescents 
gules, within a double tressure gules,^ and so the Seton arms are blazoned by 
Sir David Lindsay and by all other authorities, and all within the double 
tressure. One cadet of the family, " Settoun of Tulibody," • has also an annulet 
in the fesse point exactly the same arms as borne on the shield of Sir William 
Edmonstone of 1470. 

The earliest known example of an Edmonstone coat is that blazoned 
in the "Armorial de Gelre," a French herald of the fourteenth century. It 
bears or, three crescents gules, but no double tressure. The crest is a 
camel's head.^ The next example extant is the seal of Sir William Edmon- 
stone appended to a notarial instrument, a.d. 1470, among the Glammis 
charters, and of which a woodcut is given in this book. The bearings in it are 
exactly the Seton arms, the three crescents within the double tressure, the only 
difference being the addition of the annulet in the fesse point. Sir David 
Lindsay, in his Heraldic MS. of 1425, gives no double tressure to the arms 
of "Edmanstoune of that Ilk,"® nor does it appear in the interesting 
illuminated MS. of the beginning of the seventeenth century belonging to the 
Earl of Crawford, and given in Mr. Stodart*s beautiful volumes.® There the 

^This Assize Roll was brought under the author's notice by Mr. Joseph Bain, F.S.A. Scot., 
who is always ready to communicate to his friends anything new or useful. 

' Pages 620-621. • Vol. i. p. 121. 

* Vol. ii. p. 147. • Scottish Artns^ by R. R. Stodart, vol. i. p. 2. 
•Sir David Lindsay's MS., p. 114. ^Scottish Arms, vol. i. p. b. 

* Page 86. • Scottish Arms, vol. i. p. 91. 


arms of Duntreath are thus blazoned — Or three crescent gules, with an annulet 
in the fesse point azure; and in Nisbet's description of the arms of "Edmun- 
ston of Duntreath," as illuminated in the house of Falahill, there is no double 
tressure.^ This omission of the double tressure by all these authorities is 
curious, as without doubt the Edmonstones used it, certainly from the time of 
Sir William, second of Duntreath, and the woodcuts given in this book of the 
seal of 1470, the curious mural tablet at Duntreath, the seal of Archibald 
Edmonstone, eleventh of Duntreath and first baronet, and that of the present 
baronet, all witness to the fact. Why the Edmonstones dropped the annulet 
does not appear; and why they adopted the swan's head as a crest is also a 
mystery, unless the camel's head, which is certainly the proper crest, has been 
mistaken for a swan's. There is no doubt at all that the correct armorial 
bearings of the Edmonstones of Duntreath, both interior and exterior, are 
those on the beautiful seal of 1470, as given in our woodcut. The double 
tressure, the annulet, and the camel's head issuing from an ancient coronet are 
all there, though no doubt the last-named is a little too like that of a horse to 
be altogether satisfactory. It is unnecessary, however, to follow this question 

The ancestor of the Duntreath Edmonstones was Sir Archibald, a son of 
Sir John Edmonstone of Edmonstone and Ednam, and younger brother of the 
succeeding Sir John Edmonstone, who married the I^dy Isobel, daughter of 
King Robert II., and widow of the Earl of Douglas, who was killed at 
Otterburn.2 Sir Archibald's son was the Sir William who first held Duntreath. 

The account of the Barony and lands of Duntreath shows how and when Sir 
William, who was before designed "of Culloden," got them; we need not 
therefore repeat what has been already said, further than to recall to mind the 
circumstance that it was owing to his marriage in 1425, to the Lady Mary 
Stewart, second daughter of King Robert III. of Scotland, that Sir William re- 
ceived the Strathblane estate.^ 

Sir William Edmonstone's princess had been already thrice married, firstly, 

^ Nisbet*s Heraldry^ vol. i. p. 246. 

2 This is very distinctly brought out by Sir Archibald Edmonstone in the Duntreath Book 
where, sacrificing to the cause of truth the hitherto received idea of a double royal descent 
for Duntreath, he eflfectually proves that Sir William first of Duntreath was not a son of Sir 
John and the Lady Isobel, but of his brother Archibald. This Sir Archibald was a very valiant 
knight, and in 1398 fought and overcame in the lists a famous English knight, Sir Robert 
Morley, who came to Scotland to show his prowess. 

"*Et non onerat se de firmis terrarum de Erielevin Drumfyn, et Duntreyve, que valent in 
anno sex libras tresdecem solidos et quatuor denarios, quia dominus rex infeodavit Willelmum 
de Edmonstoun de eisdem" (compota Ballivorum ad extra a.d. 1434 {Ex, Rolls Scot,^ vol. iv. 
p. 589). Besides Duntreath, Sir William held lands in Carrick and Bute as the princess' 
jointure {Ex, Rolls Scot.y vol. iv. pp. 212, 596, etc.). 


in 1397, to George Earl of Angus, who died in 1404. The year following 
she married, secondly, Sir James Kennedy, son of Sir Gilbert Kennedy of 
Dunure. Sir James was killed in a quarrel with his elder brother within 
a few years, and, with but little delay. Lady Mary married, thirdly, Sir 
William Graham of Kincardine and Mugdock, and a year after his death she 
married, fourthly. Sir William Edmonstone. This fascinating lady had families 
by all her previous husbands, and by Sir William she had a son, William, and a 
daughter, Elizabeth, who was the wife of Humphrey Cunningham of Glengar- 
nock.i Sir William Edmonstone spent an active life, and was frequently en- 
gaged in the civil affairs of the country. In 1428 he was in England, no 
doubt on public business. In 1431 Lord Gordon and he went on a pilgrimage 
to Canterbury with twenty-five other persons, and in 1452, along with the Abbot 
of Melrose, Lord Gray, and others, he again went there, the retinue of the 
party being one hundred persons. He was also Captain of Threave Castle, and 
as such received pa3anents from the Exchequer.^ Sir William died about 1460, 
but whether the princess died before or after him is not known. She was 
buried within the old church of Strathblane. The present church is built on 
the site of the old one, and towards the centre is a gravestone bearing the 
following inscription : — 

Here lyes in the same grave 
With Mary Countess of Angus, sbter to King James the First of Scotland, 

From whom he is lineally descended, 
Archibald Edmonstone, Esq. of Duntreath, in this kingdom, and of Redhall in Ireland, 

Who died in the year 1689, 

aged about fifty-one years.' 

The second Sir William Edmonstone of Duntreath was Captain of Threave 
and also Doune Castle. He took a leading part in the affairs of the 
country, in business, as receiver of Menteith and custumer of Kirkcud- 
bright,* and even in legal matters, for he was Justice-General of Scotland* in 

^This lady is called Mary in the Duntreath Book^ p. 32, but in the Register of the Great 
Seal, 8 Jac. iii. 1468, Elizabeth, 2ist July, 1467, John Chawmar of Gadgyrtht, knight pro- 
curator of William Cunygam of Glen^ernok, resigned into the King's hands the lands of Bol- 
garis, the two Kilfassachis, and Bailandalloch, m the Earldom of Lennox, and thereupon His 
Majesty granted a charter of the said lands to Umfrid Cunygam, grandson and heir-apparent 
of the said William, and to Elizabeth of Eklmonstone, Umfrids spouse to the survivor of them 
two and their children, whom failing to the lawful heirs whomsoever of the said William 
Cunygam of Glengemok. — (Notarial instrument among the Eglinton Writs.) 

^ Ex, Rolls of Scotland^ vol. vi. p. 208, etc. 

'See Appendix. 

^ Ex, Rolls of Scotland f vol. vii. pp. 117, 247, 297, 573, 624; vol. viii. pp. 69, 566. 

"'In the inventory of Strathmore title-deeds at Glammis Castle is a notarial instrument by 
Janet Fenton, showing that in her widowhood she appeared before Sir William Edmonstone of 
Duntreath, Justice-General, in his Justice Circuit at Perth in the year \ ^10.'''*— Duntreath Book^ 
Note, p. 32. 


1469, though for a short time only. He married Matilda Stcwarl, and the 
connection he thereby formed with the Lennrjx 
family proved afterwards of much importance to 
his position and estate. 

Wlien Dimcan Earl of Lennox was beheaded 

at Stirling, his son-in-law, Duke Murdoch of Albany, 

shared his fate, and the Duke's sons, Walter and 

Alexander, were also put lo death ; the youngest 

only, James, escaped to Ireland, having first, ap- 

parendy to revenge the injuries of his family, burned 

and sacked the town of Dumbarton, 

SEAL OF 5IK niLLiAM EDMOKSTONK Matilda StewaTt, SiT William Edmonstone's spouse, 

j^™"o'cBj'T"'iwJ^''in/i^i has usually been treated as a daughter of this James 

coiircuox. Stewart, and Sir Archibald Ednionstone in the 

Duntreath Book has adopted this lineage.* No doubt, however, he is wrong, 

for the lady was a daughter of the second son, Walter — James* elder brother — 

and sister of Andrew Stewart, afterwards Lord Avondale, and Chancellor of King 

James IlL^ 

It was doubtless this marriage of her grand -daughter which induced the 
Duchess-Countess of l^nnox, in 1445, to confirm the grant of Duntreath 
and the other lands to the son, which had been made to Sir William Edmon- 
stone, the father, by King James I. Her charter was granted during the 
lifetime of Sir William the elder, and the liferent of the estates was reserved 
to him. 

The first Sir William thus never possessed Duntreath in fee, for when 
King James IL in 1452 erected it and other lands into a free Barony, the 

' Sir Archibald wa.s led into the error through rollowing <;eoi^ Crawford, who about the 
year 1713 drew ap an account of the Edmonslnne family. Sir Archibald, however, by no 
means always follows him, for he had grave doubts of Crawfotil's honesty. In writing about this 
account of the fomily Sir Archibald says — " His manuscript is compiled with considerable 
research, but is defective in some important points, with rather too prominent a disposition to 
magnify the race whose history he was employed to trace out;" and again, "Crawford, who, 
like most of the older genealoEists seeme<l more desirous of flattering the vanity of his em- 
ployers than of invest igatit^g the truth " — a fault unfortunately not altogether confined to the 
older genealogists. 

'The genealogy of these Stewarts is staled very clearly by Mr. Cerate Bumelt, Lyon King- 
of-Arms, in the appendix to his valuable preface to vol. iv. of (he Exiluqufr Rolls cf Scellatid, 
pp. clxxviii. ix. x. xi. and Notes, and also in T/ii A'ai Book 0/ MatttUh Jifniewed. Sir Walter 
Stewart's sons were — Andrew, afterwards Lord Avondale ; Arthur and Walter, who all three had 
letters of l^itimation under the Great Seal, 1479 ; and apparently Allan and Murdoch, In 
the charter of Duntreath by Isabella, Duchess-Countess of Lennox, to Sir William Edmonslone 
and Matilda Stewart his wife, the substitutes are Andrew, Allan, an<l Murdoch Stcwarl, anr] 
this drcumstance alone goes far to prove they were the brothers of Matilda Sleuart, wife 
of Sir William Edmonstonc. 


Charter was in favour of the younger Sir William in fee and heritage for ever, 
whereas Sir Willbm, the father, and his wife, the princess, and the longest liver 
of them, had it in liferent only. 
The advantage to Sir William 
Edinonstone of having Matilda 
Stewart for his wife came out 
strongly in another transaction 
which took place on the final 
partition of the Earldom of l^n- 
nox, some twelve or thirteen 
years after the death, about 1460, 
of the Duchess-Countess Isabella. 
The great earldom was then di- 
vided into three parts. Lord 
Darnley, afterwards the first of 
a new line of Earls of Lennox, 
obtained a half as grandson of 
Elizabeth, daughter of Earl Dun- 
can, and sister of the Countess; 
and Agnes Monteith or Haldane, 
and Elizabeth Monteith or Napier, 
grand-daughters of Margaret, an- 
other daughter of the Eari's, di- 
vided the other half between <ieai. of iubella duchem^ or aldahv and couNTEiis or 
them. Duntrealh would have p-om 11^ irigiHal in tht f^^Uou'ef sir WUHam Etimsutteiu 

been in Lord Darnley's half, "^ »««/-■««, A-™''- 

but Lord Avondale, Matilda Edmoustone's brother, and King James III.'s 
favourite and Chancellor, so managed matters that while the partition of the 
Lennox was amicably arranged among the several claimants, he got the liferent 
of the whole of it for himself,^ and also induced the King to make it a con- 

' III an iiilercslinE old I'rulocol llook or Iho Bi^rgh or .Sliiliiig, 1470-1596, rcccr.lly Uiscuvtreil, 
there is the following entry; — "Anno Diiniini m'l-ccc'i.xxv", Jannary 26. Ucfure hononrabli- 
men, James Ctycluonn uf koviiiii and Alexander Spcir of rdllinirefe, liejiutes in ihe ufTiu; 
of great chamberlninry of a noUe and polent lord, James Earl uf Buchan, Lord of Ochturlioiia, 
Wanlen of Ihe Wesi Marches towards England an>l great Cliamlwrlain of the Kingdom uf 
Scotland, sitting in judgment in ihc chanitieriain eyre held by llie !>aid deputes al Slruiclin 
in the toiliooth thereof, personally compeared a noble matron, Af;ncs Menteilh, s]>uu°e of 
an honourable man, John Haldane of Kusky, and piescnled two letters of obligation sealed 
wilh the seals of the saiil Agnes and John made by Ihcm to a noble and potent \aiA, Anilrcw 
Loid Avondale, Cliancellur uf Seullaiul, anent ihc gift and grant to be made by them to 
hini uf the quarter and fuurth part ot [lie Earldom of I^veiiax, and lands thereof nkith llic 
peillnenls, fur the whole lifetime uf the said Andrew. Which letters being rend in a loud 
and intelligible voice in llie presence of (he nii'fi^nce, thi- s-nid Ague* Menldtli, [luUvitli llie 



dition with Lord Darnley before he got infeflment of his part of the Earldom 
that he was to guarantee, or as the letter from the King, dated 21st June, 
1473, says, make "sikkir" "to our cousyng Wilzam of Edmonstone of Dun- 
treth" "the landis of Duntrethe, Dungoyake, the Quilt, Ballovyne, Blargare, 
Enbulg, the Glyn, and Carcarone."^ The family charter chest shows that not 
only was this done, but that Elizabeth Napier, another of the heirs of the 
Lennox, also made a declaration that she would make no claim on the 
Edmonstones' lands.* The Earl of Lennox, too, renounced his superiority,* and 
by another instrument the Barony of Duntreath was removed from the juris- 
diction of the Earl of Lennox's courts.* Thus Sir William wa§ very securely 
and comfortably seated* in his Strathblane lands. ^ 

Sir William and his lady had a family of six sons, and one daughter, who is 
said to have married Lawrence, first Lord Oliphant Of his sons, Archibald, the 
eldest, succeeded; James, the second, married first Elizabeth, heiress of 

presence of her husband, touching the holy gospels gave her bodily oath that she was not 
coacted or compelled to grant the said letters, but hsui done so freely and spontaneously and 
fur the weal of her and her heirs and engaged never to revoke or contravene the same under 
the pain of perjury, etc. — On which Malcolm M'Clery of Garten, as procurator for the said 
Andrew Lord Avondale, craved instruments with appension of the seals of the said Agnes 
and office of chamberlainry procured at her request. Witnesses, Alexander Cunyngaham of 
Polmas, Andrew Galbrath of Culcaich, Alexander Cunyngaham of Berkky, John Muir, bailie 
of the burgh of Struielin, and others." 

^ Montrose charter chest, printed in The Lennox, vol. ii. p. 94. 

' , . . , "A declaration made in the Court House of the shire of Stirling .... 
by a noble matron, Elizabeth Monteith (or Napier), one of the heirs of the deceast Duncan 
Earl of Lennox, pursuer of a brief for serving herself to a fourth part of all the lands in the 
Earldom of Lennox .... whereby she alleged, confessed, and asserted that she would not 
by or in consequence of the said brief claim in anyway the above lands belonging to the said 
William." -(Duntreath Writs.)— 27lh October, 1473. 

'Renunciation and grant (Edinburgh, 2nd August, 1473), by John "Earl of Leuenax" to 
William Edmonstone of Duntreath of the superiority of Duntreath, etc, allowing him, the said 
William, to hold the said lands immediately off the King, and for that purpose confirming a charter 
by King James II. to the said William, *'iu respect of the great kindness, labour, and expense of 
the said William in recovering the Earl's part of the Earldom of Levenax." — (Duntreath Writs.). 

* Duntreath Writs. 

* In these transactions it may be noticed that John Stewart of Darnley, created Lord Darnley 
about 1460, grandson of Sir John Stewart of Darnley and Lady Elizabeth Lennox, daughter of 
Duncan Earl of Lennox, is styled at one time Lord Darnley and at another Earl of Lennox. Both 
are right. For while in a precept from Chancer}', dated at Edinburgh, ^^h July, 1473, for 
infefting him in his half of the Earldom, he is styled John Lord "Dernle "-—(Deed printed in The 
Lennox^ vol. ii. p. 97), in the Duntreath Deed, quoted in a previous note, and dated 2,nd August, 
1473, he is styled John **Earl of Leuenax"; the fact being that between these dates — viz., on 
the 27M July, 1473 — he had been infefted in his half of the Earldom, at Balloch the principal 
messuage thereof, and this infeftment carried with it the title of Karl of Lennox. It must be added, 
however, that Darnley did not long enjoy his title of Earl of Lennox, for in about two years he had 
sunk again to plain Lord Darnley, a title he long held^ his infeftment having been obtained by 
irregular means. Mr. Mark Napier, in ** 7ht Lennox, by William Eraser," a model of plain- 
speaking, explains this matter fully. 


Alexander Cunningham of Polmaise,^ and secondly Helen, daughter of John 
Murray of Touchadam, and was a man of some importance in the county of 
Stirling.^ Of the other sons nothing of particular interest is known. Sir William 
Edmonstone of Duntreath died in i486, and was succeeded by his eldest son. 
Sir Archibald Edmonstone, third of Duntreath — or perhaps more strictly 
speaking, only second, for the first Sir William never held it in fee, as already 
shown — was duly put in possession of the lands and Barony of Duntreath by 
deeds dated 20th April and ist June, 1487, the latter deed also making him 
coroner of the " Wester ward of Stirlingshire," an office he apparently inherited 
from his father.^ He was employed about Court,* and married Janet Shaw,* 
daughter of Sir James Shaw of Sauchie, who held high office under James III., 
and sister of George Shaw, Abbot of Paisley and Lord High Treasurer of Scot- 
land, a favourite of James IV., and one of the best Abbots of the great Cluniac 
Monastery.^ This marriage was a very successful one, for while it helped to 
secure Court offices, emoluments, and lands ^ for the father, it was also the 
means of securing good marriages for his daughters, through the kindly offices 
of their uncle, the Abbot® Sir Archibald's sons were William, his successor, 

^ ** Jac. Edmonstoun de Polmays," witness to a charter, 5th April, 1494. — {Reg* Alag, Sig, 6, 
Jac. IV. 1494.) 

* Duntreath Book^ p. 33, and Reg, Mag, Sig, 7, Jac IV. 1495. 
' Duntreath Writs. 

* Along with his father. Sir William Edmonstone, and his father-in-law, Sir James Shaw of 
Sauchie, he was present at an interesting ceremony at Stirling on the 23rd February, 1479-80, when 
the keeping of the King's Castle there was delivered to Duncan Forrester, then Provost of Stirling. 
— {Charters^ eic^ relating to Stirling^ pp. 206-207.) He was with James IV. at >tiriing 6th Sept., 
1 501, when the Collegiate Church was founded there. — {History Chapel Royal 0/ Scotland ^ p. 17.) 

' Duntreath Writs. 

* The AMey of Paisley, by J. Cameron Lees, D.D., pp. 137-145. 

^ Hex concessit familiari armigero suo Archibaldo Edmonstoun de Duntreath .... terras 
de Arbeich Lome et Dery vie Perth. — {Reg, Mag, Sig, 7, Jac. IV. 1495.) 

8 In the account of the Edmonstones in Nisbet's Heraldry^ vol. ii. p. 166, the writer says George, 
Abbot of Paisley, ** was an opulent prelate and Lord Treasurer of Scotland under King Tames IV., 
who took care to provide matches for his nieces, and got them married into many of the greatest 
families in the kingdom." Sir Archibald had seven daughters. Janet married William first Earl 
of Montrose. Christian married John Lord Ross of Halkhead. Elizabeth married John, eldest son 
of Hugh 6rst Lord Eglinton. This John was killed during his father's lifetime in the *' Cleanse-the- 
causeway " Riot in Edinburgh in 1520. His son Hugh succeeded his grandfather as second Earl. 
Margaret married George Buchanan of Buchanan. Barbara married Sir James Muschet of Bum- 
bank, Perthshire. Helen either died young or the good Abbot's stock of husbands was exhausted, 
for her marriage is not recorded ; and Cath^ne, whose marriage is not given in the Duntreath 
Book. In this, however. Sir Archibald does not do justice to the excellent uncle, for Catherine had 
a husband too, viz., David Murray, son of Sir William Murray of Tullebardine. {Reg, Mag, Sig, 
21, Jac. IV. 1508-9.) The five marriages given in the Duntreath Book are all well authenticated, 
with the exception of Barbara's to Sir James Muschet, which is given on the authority of George 
Crawford, and Sir Archibald seems to have doubts about it. 1 he contract between Hugh Lord 
of Montgomery and Sir Archibald Edmonstone, when the marriage was "arranged " between John 
of Montgomery and Elizabeth Edmonstone, is a curious illustration of the cusioms of the time in 
matters matrimonial. It bears that "John of Muntgumbre, son and apparent heir to the said Lord 


and Jaines,^ who was ancestor of several families of Edmonstones in Menteith, 
all now extinct, and also of the Edmonstones of Broich.^ He had also a natural 
son, James "of Ballown." ^ Sir Archibald Edmonstone died in 1502.* 

Sir William Edmonstone, fourth of Duntreath, soon after he succeeded, was 
appointed Captain of Doune Castle, and Steward of Menteith. 

The Castle of Doune was the principal residence of the old Earls of Menteith. 
It is built on the river Teith, and the oldest part of it is of great antiquity. 
The present grand ruins are the remains of the castle built by Robert Stewart, 
Earl of Menteith and first Duke of Albany and Regent of Scotland. After his 
death his son Murdoch, second Duke of Albany, the husband of I^dy Isabella, 
daughter of Duncan, the last of the old Earls of I^nnox, often lived there ; 
and in 1425, when he and his sons and his venerable father-in-law were 
executed, it was from the old Castle of Doune that he passed to the block on 
the rock of Stirling. The Earldom of Menteith was at this time forfeited to 
the Crown, Soon afterwards, however, a new Earl of Menteith was created 
in the person of Malise Graham, whom the King had lately despoiled of his 
Earldom of Strathern, and a considerable part of the lands of the old Earldom 
were annexed to the new. The large share of it, which the King retained, 
became the Stewartry of Menteith, and included the fine old Castle of Doune, 
which thenceforward was a Royal residence. The office of the Keeper of the 
Castle of Doune and Steward and Chamberlain of Menteith was an important 
and honourable one. When the Princess Margaret of England was married 
to King James IV. in 1503 the Stewartry was settled upon her,^ and Sir 
William Edmonstone, who was one of the witnesses to the sasine putting her 
in possession,^ soon afterwards received the appointment." 

Sir William Edmonstone fell at the Field of Flodden, 9th September, 1513,® 
along with his neighbour at Mugdock and brother-in-law, the Earl of Montrose, 
and another of his brothers-in-law. Lord Ross of Halkhead. 

of Mungumbre, shall marry Besse Edmonstwn, daughter to Sir Archibald Edmonstwn of Dunthrct, 
and failing either John or Besse by decease or dissent, the said Lord byndis his second sonc, and 
falzeand of the second, the therd, and falzeand of the therd, the ferd ; and inlikwiz falzeand of the 
said Besse, Katcren, and falzeand of Kateren, Margaret, and falzeand of Margaret, Ellen." The 
Earl of Argyll, the Earl of Lennox, ** My Lord of Pasley " (Abbot George Shaw), and Lord Ross 
of Halkhead were named to see ihe contract carried out, failure to do so involving a penalty of two 
thousand merks. — (Eglinton Writs.) 

^Witness to a charter 12th June, 1503, confirming the sale of the lands of Ardbechlorn and 
Dereye by his brother William of Duntreath. — (AV^. AJtt^. Si^, 15, Jac. IV. 1503.) 

2 Duntreath Book^ p. 34. * Duntreath Writs. '* Duntreath Hook, p. 35. 

^ Reg, Mag, Sig, 15, Jac. IV. 1503. 

* Rymcr's Foedera, as quoted in Duntreath Book, p. 35. 

^ The Duntreath Jjool\ p. 35, gives ample evidence for this. 

® *'Ad fulcm Regis in campo hellico niiper in Northumbria," — Duntrealh Writs. 


Sir William had married before 17th May, 1497, Sibylla, daughter of Sir 
William Baillie of Lamington.^ His second wife was Elizabeth Leslie, daughter 
of George first Earl of Rothes and relict of William third Earl of Enrol. 
She was dead before 1510,2 for in that year he had a third wife, Katherine 
Forest^ She, too, survived only a short time, and the Knight of Duntreath 
married fourthly Sibylla, daughter of Sir John Carmichael of that ilk.* This 
seems to have been in 1513, and but a short time before the battle of Flodden, 
where Sir William was slain. By his four wives Sir William had four sons and 
four daughters — (i) William, his successor; (2) Archibald of Rednock; (3) 
Robert of Cambusbeg in Menteith; (4) James of Wester Row in Mcnteith.* 
The daughters were — (i) Marion or Mariote, married Sir John Campbell of 
Glenorchy ; ^ (2) Mary, married Robert Hamilton of Inchmachan ; (3) Margaret, 
married Stewart of Craighall ; (4) Elizabeth, married John Logan of Balvie.^ 
He had also a natural son, James, from whom the Edmonstones of Newton 
descended,® and who had letters of legitimation from King James V. in 1539.^ 

It is not known who were the mothers of all the different children, but 
William and Archibald were certainly the sons of Sibylla Baillie, for they were 
of age at their father's death or soon after, which they could not have been 
had they been the sons of any of the other wives, and through her the family 
of Duntreath trace their descent from the great Sir William Wallace, " the 
Guardian of Scotland." ^^ 

* Duntreath Writs and Reg. Mag, Sig, 9, Jac. IV. 1497. 
« Duntreath Writs. 

^ Reg, Mag, Sig, 23, Jac. IV. 1 510- 11. 

^Duntreath Book^ Nisbet, vol. ii. p. 167; Reg, Mag, Sig. 26, Jac. IV. 1513. 

"James Edmonstone held some post at the Court of James V. — Reg, Mag, Sig, 28, 
Jac V. 1540. 

^ Reg, Mag, Sig, 26, Jac. V. 1539. 

^ In the Dtmtreath Book the sons are amply vouched for, but Sir Archibald does not give 
his authorities for the daughters. In Douglas Peerage^ however, vol. i. p. 235, and Reg, Mag, 
Sig. 26, Jac. V. 1539, evidence will be found for Marion's marriage, and the evidence for the 
others is to be found in Duntreath Writs. 

^Duntreath Book, p. 36, and Reg, Mag. Sig, 26, Jac. V. 1538-39. " 

* Reg, Mag, Sig. 26, Jac. V. 1539. 

^^ The old and favourite legend, which we owe to Blind Harry, of the marriage of Sir 
William Wallace and the fair Marion Bradfute of Lamington, and of the daughter who was 
bom to them, and from whom the Baillies of Lamington sprang, though a beautiful story, 
must, we fear, be relegated to the limbo of exploded myths. It is no myth, however, but a 
fact, that Sir William Baillie of Hoprig married a daughter of the great Sir William Wallace, 
though it cannot be proved who was her mother. — (George Vere Irving in Upper Ward of 
Lanarkshire^ vol. i. p. 230.) Sir William Baillie of Hoprig and the Guardian of Scotland s 
daughter had a son, William, who married Isabel, daughter of Sir William Seton. She brought 
with her as her tocher the Barony of Lamington. The three succeeding possessors of Lamington 
were Sir Williams ; and Sibylla Baillie, who married Sir William Edmonstone of Duntreath, 
was a daughter of the third. The Stirlings of Craigbamet and the Grahams of Ballagan, both 


Sir William Edmonstone, fifth of Diintreath, succeeded to the Barony and 
lands as heir of his father, and he and his brother Archibald soon afterwards 
were appointed jointly to their father's office of Keeper of Doune Castle, and 
Steward and Chamberlain of Menteith. About 1525 Sir William Edmonstone, 
who by this time was sole Keeper, fell under the displeasure of Queen Margaret, 
the widow of King James IV. and liferentrix of the Stewartry, for holding the 
Castle against her wishes and not accounting for the rents ; and three years later, 
in 1528, the office was taken from him, and Sir James Stewart of Beath, a brother 
of Henry Stewart, the Queen's third and newly-married husband, afterwards Lord 
Methven, was appointed in his stead. 

The reason Sir William gave for retaining the Stewartry against the wishes of 
the Queen, was that he had an order to do so signed by the young King. 
This, however, the Council disallowed,^ and Sir William, with apparent good 
grace, gave up his office, but continued to live "at his dwelling-place within 
Mentethe, of Cammes Wallace," till he was forcibly expelled therefrom by his 
successor, James Stewart, by order of the Queen and her husband. Various 
legal proceedings followed, but the dispute between Edmonstone and Stewart 
was settled by a deed of agreement in November, 1531,^ by which the former 
gave up " all rycht, clame, titill of rycht, properte, and possessioun and kindnes 
quhilk he or thae hes, had or may haif in and to the Stewartrie of Menteyth, 
Captane-schip of the Castell of the sam, and thir lands vnderwrittin pertening 
thairto; that is to say the Castell of Dovne in Menteytht, etc, etc., etc," and 
in consideration of his so doing the latter agreed to "resigne in our Souerane 
lordis the Kingis handis thir landis vnderwrittin; that is to say, all and 
haile the five pundis worth of land of the Bray of Cambus, the ^vq lib 
worth of land of the Mylton of Cambus, with the mylne of the samin, 
the tane half of the landis of Brokland Ester .... four merkis wortht 
of land callit Ballemorist, fourty shillingis wortht of land of Calzeboquhalze 
the xls wortht of land of the Ward of Gudy extending in the haile to xx" 
pundis wortht of land of aid extent .... Hand within the Stewartre of Menteitht 
.... in favouris of the said William Edmestoun of Duntretht, his airs and 
assignayis, and sail optene and get to the said William ane signatour apoun the 
donatioun and gifl of the foimamyt landis to be gevin to him, his airs and 
assignayis heretablie in few ferme, with the consent of our Souerane lady the 

Strathblane families, and both through John Stirling of Glorat, who married Annabella Edmon- 
stone, grand-daughter of Sibylla Biiillie, and the children of the author through their ancestrix 
Catherine Dennistoun of Colgrain, great-grand-daughter of Sibylla Baillie, have the blood of 
the Wallace in their veins through this marriage. 

'Acta Dom. Concilii, nth July, 1527. 

^ Printed in the R^ Book of Menteith^ p. 394, from the charter chest of the Earl of 
Moray at Donibristle. 


Queenis Grace, life rentar of the saidis landis in the best forme the said 
William can dewise." It was also agreed that if "the said William or ony 
otheris that he may latt invadis the said James Stewart in his persoim^ his kyn, 
freindis, and seruandis, and molestis thaim in broukin the forsaid Stewartre and 
Captanere .... then in that caise the said William faythfullie bindis and 
oblissis him to resigne and ourgeve the saidis landis agane in the handis of our 
said Souerane lord in favour of the said James Stewart for his heretable infeft- 
ment to be had thairontill, the fault beand notourlie knawin be the law." 
Everything being thus satisfactorily arranged Sir James Stewart took possession 
of the office of Keeper of the Castle of Doune and Steward of Menteith, and 
Sir William Edmonstone of Duntreath did the same by his twenty pound lands 
in Menteith, and thus matters went quietly on till King James V. died 14th 
December, 1542. His widow, Mary of Guise, then came into possession of the 
Stewartry of Menteith as part of her dowry, and forthwith Sir William Edmon- 
stone was again made Steward.^ 

Sir James Stewart, like Sir William Edmonstone fifteen years before, was most 
probably unwilling to give up the Stewartry and its emoluments, and certainly 
did not hurry himself in handing it over to his successor; the Edmonstones, 
therefore, apparently lost patience, and Sir William himself, with Archibald and 
James his brothers and their retainers, set upon Sir James and his followers at 
a spot between Doune and Dunblane on Whitsunday, 1543, and after a smart 
encounter defeated them, slaying Stewart himself and several others. No doubt 
this was a most high-handed and improper proceeding, and quite indefensible, 
for, if Sir James would not go out quietly, the law could have compelled 
him, and it appears also that Sir James had certain proprietary rights in the 

Sir William Edmonstone was most amply punished for his hasty conduct; 
for, besides having to go into exile or seclusion for a season, the Lords of 
Session found that by the slaying of Sir James he had broken the agreement 
of November, 1531 ; and the twenty pound lands in Menteith thus passed 
away from the Edmonstones and reverted to the heirs of the slaughtered 
Sir James. 

The slaughter of Sir James Stewart, however, was soon forgotten or forgiven, 
and a remission for his part in it granted to Sir William under the Great Seal 
in 1547. 

In 1565 we find him sitting in the Privy Council.^ Two years later he was 

* There is among the Duntreath Writs a document signed by ATary of Lorraine, Queen 
Dowager of Scotland, dated Edinburgh, 25th April, 1549, granting Sir William Edmonstone 
a discharge for the rents of the Stewartry for the years 1542, 43, 44, and 45. 

^'Re^> P. C, of Scot. ^ vol. i. p. 341. 



a member of the General Assembly of the Reformed Church of Scotland, and 
he signed on the 21st July, along with another Strathblane laird, John Cunning- 
hame of Easter Mugdock and Drumquhassell, and others, the famous Articles 
against Popery. ^ 

A few years after this date the good old knight " redd his marches," ^ which 
may in this instance be freely translated, " set his house in order," and died 
before 3rd May, 1578, for on that day his son James signed the bond "of the 
freindis of the hous of Erskin," and styled himself " of Duntreath." ^ 

Sir William had been twice married. His first wife was Agnes, third daugh- 
ter of Mathew, second of the Stewart Earls of Lennox,* and by her he had a son, 
Archibald, who " in respectu inhabilitatis " — ^probably being of unsound mind — 
was passed over in the succession.* He married, secondly, before 1545, 
Margaret, daughter of Sir James Campbell of Lawers,® and by her he had 
James, his successor; Marjory, whose first husband was Sir John Maxwell of 
Pollok, and her second Mungo Graham of Orchill; Sibilla, married John 
Stewart of Barscube, in the parish of Erskine, Renfrewshire ; Annabella, married 
John Stirling of Glorat and Kirklands of Strathblane; Marion, married David 
Sempill of Nobleston ; Elizabeth, married John Stirling ; Janet, married Luke 
Stirling of Baldorane." 

^ Book of the Universal Kirk of Scotland^ p. 69. 

' Decreet arbitral 23rcl August, 1575, for redding of inarches between Sir William Ednionslone 
of Duntreath and John Levcnax of Barnshogel. — (Duntreath Writs.) 

' Reg. P, C. of Scot. ^ vol. ii. p. 691. 

* The Lennox^ vol. i. p. 338, and Duntreath Bool\ p. 38, amply vouch this marriage. 

* Duntreath Writs. 

•Charter of the lands of Cambus Wallace as dower. — (Duntreath Writs.) 

' Of these marriages, those of Marjory are duly vouched for in the Duntreath Book and 
elsewhere, and AnnahellcCs to John Stirling of Glorat is also well authenticated. Slbilla's 
to John Stewart of Barscube and Marion^ s to David Sempill of Nobleston arc mentioned 
in Duntreath Writs (Nisbei, vol. ii. p. 168), although Sir Archibald in the Duntreath 
Book does not say so. ElizabetfCs husband is said in the Duntreath Book to have been 
John Stirling of Ballagan, brother to Stirling of Glorat. There is some mistake here, no 
doubt, for Glorat and Ballagan were by this time cousins, not brothers. In Nisbet^s 
Iferaldry^ vol. ii. p. 168, it is said that Elizabeth was married to John Stirling, son and 
heir-apparent to Walter Stirling of Ballagan. This is possible ; but this John Stirling must 
have died before his father, as he never succeeded. Janet was no doubt the wife of a 
Luke Stirling, possibly " of Baird," as Sir Archibald has it in the Duntreath Book^ but 
certainly '*of Baldorran " also, for in the Register of the Privy Council of Scotland, vol. iv. 
p. 260, the following is recorded 15th March, 1587-8: — "King's letters raised by Jonnett 
Edmcstoun, relict of Luke Stirling of Baldarrane, * with the ten faderless bairns * of the 
same, represent that upon the i6th of July, 1586, the said Luke having been 'maist 
cruellie and unmerciful lie slane ' by Thomas Kincaid and Johnne Jak upon forethought 
felony, the complainers executed letters against them * for thair comperance befoir the justice 
ami his deputis to undirly the law for the same slauchter .... nevertheless * the 
])ersones foirsaidis hes, be wrang informatioun and inoportune sute of sum indiscrete 
and shameles personis, nathing respecting his Majesteis honnour, purchest ane respett for 
the said slauchter.* .... Parties having been called, Johnne Stirling, son of Joiuietl, 



Sir James Edmonstone, sixth of Dunlreath, was much employed in the public 
service, principally in legal positions. 
Thus in 1578 he had a grant of a 
deputation from the Earl of Argyll, 
J list ice-General of Scotland, for holding 
Justiciary Courts at the fortalice of 

Duntreath.' The indictment against the | 

Earl of Gowrie for his part in the i 

Raid of Ruthven was found relevant 
by a court consisting of " Mr. James 
Graham sitting as Justice, and assisted 
by Sir John Gordon of Lochinvar, Alex- 
ander, Master of Livingstone, Alexander 
Uruce of Airth, and James Edmonstone 
of Duntreath." Sir James, however, 
had himself to stand his trial on a 
memorable occasion, and as his brother 
Strathblane lairds, Malcolm l>ouglas of 
Hartehaven, and John Cunninghame of 

Easter Mugdock, were involved in the mukal ovtn ihh entkancbto 

same affair, an historian of Strathblane, 
though he would rather pass over the 
matter in silence, cannot in fairness do so. 

Malcolm Douglas of Mains and HarWhaven was son of Mathew Douglas, 
and grandson of Alexander Douglas of Mains, who married the Lady Margaret, 
eldest daughter of Mathew Earl of Lennox. He married in 1562 Janet, 
daughter of John Cunninghame of Drum<|u hassle,* and was, according to 
Melville,* "a gentleman of notable gifts of body and mynd." He htld the 
important office of Captain of Blackness Castle. His father-in-law, John 
Cunninghame of Drumquhassle and Easter Mugdock, was also a man of 

appears as procurator for the complainers, and Junes KJnkiid, brothei of Thomas Kinkaid, 
also appears and produces for the defenders the said respite granted to Ihem for seven 
years afier the date thereof, which is May last. The Lords, however, decide, on the 
grounds pleaded by the plaintiTs, thai the respite is null, and order the Justice and 
fuslice-Clerk (0 ' minister justice ' upon the said Thomas and John for the slaughter of Luke." 
Tn 1591, in the case of (he Earl of Errol, etc., trains; John Heron and others, this case 
is quoted as a precedenj thus; — "For these reasons the said respite ought to lie decerned 
null according to the 'lirfahli f'vactiqui^ already adopted in (he lyke cais at the instance 
of (he relict and ten foilerles baimis of umquhile Luck Stirling of Baldorane againis Thomas 
Kincaid and Johanne Jak, his servand."— (A'^. P. C. cf Slot., vol. iv. p. 681.) 

' Duntreath Writs. ' Mains Writs, 

* Diary, p. 198, Woodrow Club Edition. 



Standing. He was Captain of Dumbarton Castle, and "Bailie, Chalmerlane, 
Ressaver, and Intromittour with the maillis, fermes, etc., of the Earledome of 
Lennox and Lordschip of Dernlie."^ 

Both father and son-in-law, after 1578, fell into disfavour with the Court, 
probably through belonging to the party of Morton, which was in opposition 
to the Duke of Lennox and the King's favourite, James Stewart, afterwards 
Earl of Arran. On the 17th January, 1580-81, Malcolm Douglas was one of 
the Earl of Morton's friends who were forbidden by the Council "to repair to 
His Hienes* presence and Court, or to the burgh of Edinburgh, or to ony uther 
place quhair they sail understand His Majestie to be for the tyme quhill the 
said triall (Morton's) be done."^ in 1581 the Captaincy of Blackness Castle 
was taken from him and handed over to Lord Robert Stewart, who soon after- 
wards complained to the Council that Mains "hes maist wranguslie and con- 
tempnandlie spiulyeit and away tuke furth of the samin the great ime yett of 
the dungeoun of the said castell with the hingand lok and slotis of the same 

and als the haill graith and fumesing of the mylne of the said 

castell with the branders, rackis and spetis pertening thereto." ' The Council 
ordered him to deliver up the missing articles under pain of being treated as a 
rebel, but as he did not do so, at a subsequent meeting he was denounced, and 
finally, on the 3rd January, 1583-84, he was charged to remain within Dumbar- 
tonshire till relieved, under pain of treason.* 

John Cunninghame's fall began in July, 1578, when he was summoned to 
Stirling to give in his accounts for the Earldom of Lennox to the King and 
Council. He declined to do so personally, alleging "that he was then vesiit 
with seiknes and forder that he durst not compeir personalie for feir of his 
lyffe becaus he wes in that opinioun and suspitioun that the principal keiparis 
of the castell of Strivling wer his unfreindis." For this failure to appear he was 
denounced and put to the hom.^ On the 27th July, 1580, he was deprived of 
the Captaincy of Dumbarton Castle,^ and in 1583 he was "in ward in the castell 
of Sanct Andros," from which he was only relieved on condition of repairing 
immediately to his own house of "Cragyveme," in Drymen parish, to remain 
there until freed, and of appearing before the Council when required upon a 
fifteen days' notice.^ 

In 1584, after the execution of the Earl of Cowrie, the chief of the Ruthven 
Raid, and the flight to England of his associates, Angus, Mar, and others, after- 

^ Reg, P, C. of Scot,, vol. iii. p. 5. 
^Reg, P, C, of Scot., vol. iii. p. 364. 
^Reg. P, C, of Scot,, vol. iii. p. 5. 
"^ Reg. P, C. of Scot., vol. iii. p. 601. 

^ Reg, P. C, of Scot., vol. iii. p. 348. 
^ Reg, P, C. of Scot,, vol. iii. p. 624. 
^ Reg, P, C, of Scot,, vol. iii. p. 295. 



wards known as the " Banished Lords," Arran, who was now complete master 
of the kingdom, determined to make a signal example of some of their 
friends. On the information of Robert Hamilton of Inchmauchan, who 
pretended he had discovered a plot against the King, Sir James Edmonstone 
of Duntreath, John Cunninghame of Easter Mugdock and Dnimquhassle, 
and Malcolm Douglas of Harlehame and Mains, were apprehended in their 
own houses, brought prisoners to Edinburgh and tried for their lives. 
Douglas* relationship and friendship to Morton, Arran's late rival, and Cun- 
ninghame's connection with him and also with the Raid of Ruthven, and no 
doubt also with the " Banished Lords," marked them out as fitting victims ; 
but why was Sir James Edmonstone arrested? He was a relative of the all- 
powerful Arran. He had been but lately one of the judges at the trial of the 
Earl of Gowrie, and he was a friend of the King's dear friend and relative, 
Lennox — lately dead — and had, in fact, been knighted the day he was made Duke. 
The answer furnishes the ugly part of the story, for it is but too evident that 
Archbishop Spottiswoode wrote the truth when he said,^ "To make out the ac- 
cusation it was devised that Sir James Edmonstone of Duntreath, who had lived 
in great familiarity with them (Douglas and Cunninghame), should be charged 
with the said crime, and upon his confession, to be pardoned, which, by the 
policy of the accuser, to his own perpetual discredit, he was menaced to yield 

The accusation, which bore falsity on its very face, was that Hamilton of 
Inchmauchan, Edmonstone's relative, Edmonstone himself, Douglas, and Cunning- 
hame were to intercept the King when hunting, convey him to some stronghold 
within the " Illis of Lochlowmunt in the Leuuenax " and there detain him till 
the " Banished Lords " could come and take possession of his Royal person. 
It was narrated how the conspirators met " att the Kirk of Strablane and the 
Kirk of Killerne, and at the hous and place of Mains" to arrange for their 
treasonable attempt. Edmonstone, when put on trial, made no defence, con- 
fessed all, and threw himself upon the King's mercy ; Douglas and Cunninghame 
indignantly denied the whole story, but were found guilty and hanged the same 
day at the Cross of Edinburgh.^ Melville says of the former. " His death was 
als mikle lamented in England as ever I hard Scotsman " ; ' and Calderwood 
ends his account of the affair by saying, " Great lamentatioun was made for 

* Hist, Church of Scotland, vol. ii. p. 322. 

^ Their sentence was, '* That the saidis Johnne Cunninghame of Drumquhassill and Malcolm 
Dowglas of Manis suld be tane to ane skaffauld besyde the Mercat Croce of Edinburgh, and 
thair be hangit quhill thai wer deid, and quarterit and drawin." — Pitcairn's Criminal Trials, 
vol. i. part 11 p. 139. 

' Diary, p. 198. 


them speciallie for Maynes, sonne in law to Drumquhassill. Drumquhassill 
dranke a bitter cuppe of his owne brewing, for he was an earnest deeler for 
the bringing home of Monsieur D'Aubigney." ^ 

All that can be said in exculpation of Sir James Edmonstone for his share 
in this miserable transaction, is that if he had not agreed to act as he did, no 
doubt Arran would have taken his life. Indeed, when he made a clean breast 
of it the same year, 7th November, 1585, after the fall of Arran, " he declairit 
upoun his conscience, and as he wald ansuer to God upoun the Salvatioun 
and Condempnatioun of his saull " that his sole reason for accusing the 
" Banished Lords " or " ony utheris," " wes onlie for the saulftie of his lyff." ^ 

When Sir James Edmonstone confessed and threw himself upon the King's 
mercy, he was put in ward in Edinburgh Castle, but was soon afterwards 
pardoned (all as doubtless arranged),^ and his estates restored to him. The 
lands belonging to Malcolm Douglas both in Strathblane and Kilpatrick were 
of course forfeited, but by some process were made over to his brother-in-law, 
Cuthbert Cunninghame, Provost of the Collegiate Church of Dumbarton, and 
thus preserved to the family.* John Cunninghame's lands were restored to his 
son by Act of Parliament in 1585. Thus ended this unfortunate affair, and even 
at this distant day it is not difficult to picture the excitement and consternation 
into which Strathblane must have been thrown when it was known that two of 
the leading heritors had been hanged at the Cross of Edinburgh and a third 
imprisoned in the Castle.^ 

Sir Jajnes Edmonstone after his pardon® and release returned to his public 
duties, and his name often appears in the records of the day.^ 

^ Calderwood's History of the Kirk of Scotland^ vol. iv. p. 348. 

"^ Reg, P, C, of Scot, y vol. iv. p. 32. ^ Rfg- P» C, of Scot, y vol. Hi, p. 744. 

* Mains Writs. 

^ Sir James was by no means a credit to the family. lie greatly injured the estate by 
mortgages, " wraikit his house and leveing," and there is a very ugly story of his having 
come to Duntreath when Mrs. Edmonstone, his daughter-in-law, was there alone, and after 
** being verie hairtUe and kyndlie ressaved " by her, carrying off a large sum of money belong- 
ing to her husband, his son William. — {R*'g. P* C, of Scot. ^ vol. vii. p. 281.) The celebratwi 
Sir George Mackenzie somewhere says that it is a sign of *' an ancient and considerable 
kindred " to have had a criminal or two in the family. Sir James certainly did his best to 
vindicate the antiquity and consequence of the Edmonstones. 

® His neighbours in Strathblane, Killeam, and Kilpatrick, however, were not apparently 
disposed to pardon him so easily, for on 4th July, 1590, there is recorded a caution by 
William Grahame of PannoUis for Johnne Earl of Montrois in £1^000^ and for James Grahame 
in Culmannan, Thomas Craig there, William Buchannane in Lether, and Johnne Buchannane 
in Auchinneden in 200 merks each that they will not harm Sir James Edmonstone of Duntreath ; 
and on the loth of the same month there is another caution by David Dundas of Preistinche 
and others that Claude, Commendator of Paisley, Claude Hammiltoun of Cochno, William 
Stirling of Law and others will not harm Sir James Edmonstone of Duntreath. — Reg. P, C, 
of Scot, y vol. iv. pp. 504, 507. 

' Sir James Edmonstone was one of the jury at the trial, 28th February, 161 5, of John 
Ogilvie, aJias Watson, who was charged with saying; mass at Glasgow, and who was found 
guilty and hanged. — Pitcairn*s Criminal Trials^ vol. iv. pp. 332, 352. 


It was towards the close of the life of this laird of Duntreath that the family 
formed the resolution of leaving Scotland and settling themselves among those 
colonists in the north-west of Ireland whom King James was encouraging to 
take up the lands laid waste and desolate after the suppression of the great 
rebellion of Hugh O'Neil, Earl of Tyrone. This took place just when Queen 
Elizabeth was dying, and King James on his accession thus found vast estates 
at his disposal. After various transactions, some perhaps not very creditable to 
the "British Solomon," His Majesty brought out in 1608 his plan for the 
" Plantation of Ulster," and the Edmonstones were one of the many Scottish 
families who took part in it. It is unnecessary to inquire why this important 
step was taken, but one reason very probably was that the family found their 
means insuHicient to maintain themselves in the position they had hitherto 
had in Scotland, where, from their high connections, they had constantly held 
offices of profit and distinction, and which now, from the changed circumstances 
of the country, were not within their reach. The estate of Broadisland in the 
county of. Antrim was accordingly obtained in 1609 on the usual terms of the 
" Plantation " in name of Sir James' eldest son, William, who then settled 
in Ireland, Duntreath himself remaining in Scotland. 

No doubt, to raise money to invest in this Irish estate. Sir James Edmon- 
stone entered into a contract of wadsett, 17th February, 16 14, with his son-in- 
law, Sir William Graham of Braco, and his wife, Mary Edmonstone, by which 
Duntreath and the other lands were made over to them. On the 14th October 
of the same year Sir William Graham and his lady transferred the whole to Sir 
William Livingstone of Kilsyth, one of the Senators of the College of Justice, 
by a contract of wadsett and sale, all the Strathblane lands being redeemable 
at a certain sum of money, but other lands not in the parish being irredeem- 
able.^ In 1 6 18, four years after these transactions, Sir James died. 

Sir James Edmonstone's first wife was Helen, daughter of Sir James Stirling 
of Keir.^ By her he had William, his successor, Mary, Marjory, and Helen. 
Sir James' second wife, to whom he was married in 1585, was Margaret, 
daughter of Sir John Colquhoun of Luss, by whom he had a son, Robert, who 
died unmarried, and four daughters, Elizabeth, Margaret, Agnes, and Jean.^ 

* Duntreath Writs. ^ Keir Book, p. 40. 

'Sir James Edmonstone's eldest daughter, Alary, married first John Cunninghame of Cun- 
ninghamhead in Ayrshire, and had a son, afterwards Sir William Cunningharoe, the first 
baronet of the family, and two daughters, Barbara, who married James Fullarton of Fullarton, 
and Jean, who married her cousin James Edmonstone and had issue. — (Ayrshire Families, vol. i. 
p. 305, and Duntreath Book.) The family of Cunninghamhead is extinct in the male line, the 
representation of it and the Fullartons of Fullarton being now combined in the senior descen- 
dant of Barbara Fullarton. Mary £dmonstone*s second husliand was Sir William Graham of 
Braco, second son of John third Earl of Montrose, by whom she had a family. Sir James 
Kdmonstone's second daughter, Marjory, married Sir Claud Hamilton of Cochna in Dumbarton- 


William Edmonstone, seventh of Duntreath, was, like his father and grand- 
father, strongly anti- Papist and strongly Presbyterian, and when the Acts 
against Jesuits and seminary priests were renewed in 1589, he was one of the 
Commissioners appointed for seeing them carried out in the Lennox.^ Before 
his father's death, as already shown, he settled in Ireland, where he built his 
mansion of Redhall, established a Presbyterian Church in his parish of Broad- 
island and placed in it a Scottish minister, and seems to have thoroughly 
adopted Ireland as his home. 

His wife was Isobel, daughter of John Haldane of Gleneagles,^ and by her 
he had five sons and two daughters — i, Archibald, his successor ; 2, James, who 
married his cousin, Jean Cunningham ; ^ 3, John, who married another cousin, 
Elizabeth, the heiress of Broich;* 4, Robert; 5, Andrew. The two last died 
unmarried. His daughters were Helen and Jean.^ William Edmonstone died 
about 1629, 

shire, and had issue. Sir Claud Hamilton sold Cochna in 1617 to the Earl of Abercom, and, 
like his brother-in-law, William Edmonstone, settled in Ireland. It may be remarked in 
passing that the Hamiltons of Barnes, another old Dumbartonshire family, subsequently bought 
Cochna and built a new house upon it, where resides at the present day Miss Grace Hamilton, 
the excellent and venerable representative of Harnes. After the departure of Sir Claud to Ire- 
land the representation of ancient "Cochnach" devolved upon the Hamiltons of Auchentoshan, 
now represented by William Cross Buchanan. — {^Old Country Houses of the Old Glasgmo 
Gentry^ 2nd ed. p. 53.) Helen^ Sir James* third daughter, married John Lennox of Branshogle, 
in the Lennox, a neighbour laird. The Branshogle family were subsequently merged in Uiat 
of Buchanan of Boquhan. Elizabeth^ Sir James' fourth daughter, married James Edmonstone 
of Brolch, and had an only daughter, Elizabeth, who married her cousin, John Edmonstone, 
third son of William Edmonstone of Duntreath. Sir James' three remaining daughters, 
Margaret, Agnes, and Jean, died unmarried. — {Duntreath Book, p. 46.) 

^ Reg, P. C, of Scot. <, vol. iv. p. 465. 

^Duntreath Book, p. 47, and Nisbet, vol. ii. p. 168. 

• See previous Note. * See previous Note. 

• Helen, William Edmonstone's eldest daughter, married John Dallway or Dolwav of Bellie- 
hill, a neighbour Irishman of property. He was nephew and heir of a John ** Dallwaye," an 
early settler in Ireland who had obtained from King James VI. a large grant of lands, and 
who died about 16 18. John Dolway and Helen Edmonstone's grandson was Alexander 
Dal way, M.P. for Carrickfergus, who married his cousin, Anna Helena Edmonstone from 
whom is descended the present Mr. Dalway of **BellahiH" (as the place is now more 
elegantly named). — (Burkes Landed Gentry, etc.) Helen Edmonstone*s second husband 
was Colonel James Wallace of Auchans, the representative of the old Ayrshire family of 
Auchans and Dundonald. — {Ayrshire Families, vol. iii. p. 79.) Like a number of the Ayrsnire, 
Renfrewshire, and Lanarkshire country gentlemen. Colonel Wallace was deeply imbued with 
Covenanting principles, and on the rising of the peasantry in 1666 he was chosen their com- 
mander. At the battle on the Pentland Hill, where defeat was of course inevitable, he 
showed considerable skill in the disposition of his forces. After this unfortunate affair he took 
refuge in Ireland, where, no doubt sympathizing with the cause for which he was suffering, 
Helen Edmonstone, by this time a widow, cast in her lot with his and became his wife. He 
could not, however, remain in Ireland, but retired to Holland, after sundry wanderings through 
Europe. In 1676 the Government of England insisted on the States General removing him 
from their territoiy. They did this very unwillingly, furnishing him wnth a letter to the ** Em- 
peror of the Romans and all Kings, Republics, Princes, Dukes, States, and Magistrates," 
requesting them to receive him in a friendly manner, and assist him with their counsel, help. 


Archibald Edmonstone, eighth of Duntreath, was much more of a Scotsman 
than his father, and lost no time after his succession in taking steps to regain 
full possession of Duntreath. By the 29th May, 1630, he had arranged with 
William Livingstone of Kilsyth for the redemption of all the Duntreath lands 
in Strathblane, and the lands of Letter in Killeam. After several other trans- 
actions the whole matter was completed by a charter from King Charles I., 
dated 28th July, 1632, upon the resignation of William Livingstone, erecting in 
favour of Archibald Edmonstone, the parts of the Barony of Duntreath which 
were redeemed, and the lands of Letter, into a free Barony for ever, as in 
the charter of King James XL, 1452, to be held in free blench farm.^ 

This laird was but a short time in possession of Duntreath, for he died 
in 1637, but during it he interested himself much in the exciting affairs of 
the time, in Church and State, and was Member of Parliament for the County 
of Stirling in 1633. Like his father and grandfather, he was a zealous sup- 
porter of Presbytery, and his wife, Jean Hamilton of Halcraig, in Lanarkshire, 
came of a family who suffered much in the same cause.^ By her he had two 
sons, William and Archibald, and two daughters — Helen,^ who married Thomas 
Niven of Monkredding, and Jean, who died unmarried. 

William Edmonstone, ninth of Duntreath, "The Dumb Laird," was never 
actually in possession of the estate, as, from the circumstance of being bom 
deaf and dumb, he was precluded from the succession.^ He was but young 

and aid. He was allowed, however, to return to Rotterdam after a short time, and he died 
there in 1678. — (Wodrow*s Church Hist., vol. i. page 305, Note). Helen Edmonstone must have 
been rather an elderly lady when she married him, and as he was an old man by 1676 the 
conduct of the British Government was cruelly harsh and vindictive to the venerable exiles. 
^an^ William Edmonstone's second daughter, married Sir Robert Adair of Ballymena, Co. 
Antrim. He belonged to the ancient family of Adair of Kinhiit, in the parish of Purtpatrick 
in Wigtownshire — {Lands and their Owners in Gallaivay^ vol. i. page 91) — who had settled in 
Ireland and were neighbours of the Edmonstones. Sir Robert died in 1655, leaving a son, 
William, the direct ancestor of Sir Robert Alexander Shafto Adair, Bart., who was raised to 
the peerage loih April, 1873, as Boron Wavenay. — {Duntreath Book, Burke's Peerage, etc.) 

* Duntreath Writs. ' House of Hamilton, p. 302. 

' The Nivens or Nevins of Monkredding or Monkridden were an old Ayrshire family long 
settled near Kilwinning, their property having been formerly part of the old lands of the Abbacy. 
Thomas Niven and Helen Edmonstone had two sons at least— Thomas and William — and by the 
latter, who succeeded his brother in 1693, the estate was alienated. — {Ayrshire Families, vol. iii. 
p. 253, etc.) When Helen E<lmonstone married Thomas Niven her ** tocher** was secured on 
Dungoyach. Under date 13th October, 1683, the following appears in the printed Retours — 
" Thomas Nevane de Monkridding haeres Thomas Nevane de Monkredding patris in annuo 
redditu 160 1. de terris de Dumguyock infra parochiam de Strablain redimabili pro 4000 m. 

^ In the Duntreath Book Sir Archibald remarks — " It would seem, moreover, that he had the 
credit of being gifted with second sight, for in Law's Memorials it is stated after an enumeration 
of signs, ' Sic lyk in February, 1677, ^^'^ the Dumb Laird of Duntreath at Paisley make signs 
of some great troubles and fightings to be in this land in a few months.' In the same curious 
work is the following notice of him—' The Laird of Duntreath, born deaf and dumb, a man 
devotedly set, on a tyme two of his neighbours falling out at two miles distance from him, 
when he was present at Duntreath, the one striking the other with a whinger in the arm, 



when his father died, and his uncles, James Edmonstone of Broadisland in Ireland, 
and subsequently John Edmonstone of Broich, were the tutors and guardians of 
himself and his brother Archibald during their minority. He grew up to be a 
handsome man and was very intelligent and cheerful, and by means of signs 
and gestures he was able to communicate his ideas and receive those of others 
with great quickness. He lived principally at Duntreath, and his memory is 
still preserved there in the name of the " Dumb Laird's Tower," given to the 
tower which he used to occupy. He died about the end of the century. 

Archibald Edmonstone, who from his brother's infirmity was really ninth of 
Duntreath, though much interested in Scottish affairs was still more occupied 
with those of Ireland. He married Anna Helena, daughter of Colonel 
Walter Scott of Harwood, and widow of his cousin, William Adair of 
Kinhilt. By her he had four sons, three of whom died young, the sur- 
vivor being Archibald, the second of that name, and five daughters, of whom 
Elizabeth, the eldest, married James Montgomery of Rosemount and had issue ; 
and the youngest, Anna Helena, was the wife of her cousin, Alexander Dalway, 
as already mentioned, the other three daughters died young. 

This laird was a strong Presbyterian, and, as mentioned elsewhere, got 
into serious trouble in 1677 for permitting a conventicle to take place at 
Duntreath. During the rebellion in Ireland in 1688 he warmly espoused 
the Protestant cause, and raising a regiment, which he commanded himself, 
did good service in the North of Ireland. His career, however, though 
gallant was but a short one, for in April, 1689, he died from the effects of 
exposure to cold and rain while bravely defending a position near Coleraine. 
By his express desire his body was conveyed to Strathblane, and, as already 
mentioned, buried in the same grave within the church there as his royal 
ancestrix the Princess Mary of Scotland. 

Archibald Edmonstone, tenth of Duntreath, was still a child when his father 
died, and it was not until the beginning of next century that he engaged in 
public affairs. Like his father, his residence was principally in Ireland, and he 
sat for many years for Carrickfergus in the Irish Parliament. He made some 
additions to his property in Scotland by purchases in Dumbartonshire, and 
Duntreath Castle having by this time been allowed . to fall into ruins, he was 

he at the same instant of time made a sign of it. So at Paisley, he being there in the year 
1676, in December, in the time of the frost, there was one of his acquaintance went forth 
to a water at a good distance from him upon the ice, and had fallen in, and he at the same 
time gave warning of it by a sign.' 'Of the Dumb Laird of Duntreath, a local tradition has 
been preserved that on one Sunday when the family were going to the kirk, and it was inti- 
mated to him that he could not accompany, he went into the stable and began eating bay 
as if to show that if not fit to attend public worship he ought to live among the cattle. A 
seal ring and a few other memorials of this remarkable person are preserved. — The Family 
of Edmonstone J pp. 45J, 86, 87. 


living at Auchentorlie in that county, then called Silverbanks, when his eldest 
SOD, Archibald, was bom on the loth October, 1717. 

He was twice married, firstly to Anne, daughter of Henry, third Lord 
Cardross, by whom he had one daughter, Catherine, who was the wife of 
Arthur Kennedy of Cultra, Co. Down ; she had a daughter who married 
Richard Church and died childless. Sir Archibald married secondly, in 1716, 
Anne, daughter of John Campbell of Mamore, second son of Archibald ninth 
Earl of Argyll. Dy this lady he had three sons, (i) Archibald, his successor; 
(2) Campbell, who married Marianne Anderson, and had issue four sons and 
eight daughters, who all either died unmarried or manying have left no descen- 
dants; and (3) Charles, who died leaving no issue. The daughters were (1) 
Anna Helena Scott, wife of Philip Fletcher, by whom she had one sen who 
died unmarried; and (z) Mary, who married the Rev. Mr. Hodgkinson and 
has many descendants. Archibald Edmonstone of Duntreath died in 1768. 

Sir Archibald Edmonstone, eleventh of Duntreath and first Baronet, gave up 
Ireland and with it his Whig principles. He settled in Scotland and repre- 
sented Dumbartonshire in Parliament for many years in the Tory interest He 
was also for a short time member for the Ayr Burghs. In 1783, Redhall and 
the other property in Ireland having been sold, he purchased the estate of 
Kilsyth in Stirlingshire, and thenceforth Colzium became the principal residence 
of the family till Duntreath was restored by the late Baronet. 

In 1753 he married Susanna Mary, daughter of 
Roger Harene, a French gendeman of ancient lineage, 
and had by her five sons, (i) Archibald, an officer 
in the army, who died young in 1780; (3) William 
Archibald, who died childless in 1803 ; (3) Charles, 
his successor; (4) George, Vicar of Pollerne; and 
(5) Neil Benjamin; and three daughters, (i) Susanna 
Margaret; (3) Anne Mary; and (3) Sarah. Sir 
Archibald married secondly, Hester, daughter of Sir 

John Heathcote, Bart She had no children and pre- ,j,,^ ^^ akhibald komomstoih, 
deceased her husband. On the ird May, 1774, Mr. "lbvkhtm or huntukjith. 
Edmonstone had been created a Baronet, and after a e/iiufnunt Banmn. 
long life spent in the public service and in the improvement of his estates,^ he 
died at his house in Argyle Street, London, in July, 1807, aged 69 years. 

' Dr. Palrick Graliam, minisler of Abtrfoyle, in his Rrfcrt on StMingshirt (Edinburgh. 
1813], praises Sir Archibald for his public spiiil and the improvements he made on his 
estates. He also commends Sir Chailes, his son and successor, foe his new farm-houses, for 
bis farms enlii^ed in b judicious style, and for the good txomple he was setting in the ex- 
tensive planlalions he made on the Duntreath estales in 1S07, 8, 9. 

It was Sir Archibald who built the " Galiowa]' Dyke " (a kind of wall so called from 
being first introduced in that countr) which separates Ihe hilt posture from the arvble lands 
of Duntreath. 


Sir Charles Edmonstone, twelfth of Duntreath and second Baronet, was born 
at Greenwich, 9th October, 1764. After a distinguished career at Eton and 
Oxford he was called to the Bar, and in 1806 was elected Member for Dum- 
bartonshire. In the following year, however, he was ousted by Henry Glassford 
of Dougalston. At the Central Election in 1812 he was returned for Stirling- 
shire and continued to hold the seat till his death at Brighton, 1st April, iSzi. 
Sir Charles was twice married — first to Emma, daughter of Richard Wilbraham 
Bootle of Rode Hall, Cheshire, by whom he had a son, Archibald, his successor, 
and a daughter, Mary Emma. He ufiarried secondly, in 1804, Louisa, daughter 
of the second Lord Hotham, by whom he had four sons, (i) William, the 
present Baronet; (a) Charles Henry, a major in the army, died 1847; {3) 
George, a member of the Bengal Civil Service; and (4) Frederick Neil, an 
officer in the army, died 1S65 ; and two daughters, (i) Louisa Henrietta and 
(i) Amelia Frances. 

Sir Archibald Edmonstone, thirteenth of Duntreath, and third Baronet, was 
bom in 1795, and, like his father, was educated at Eton and Oxford. When the 
representation of Stirlingshire became vacant by his father's death he stood for 
the county, but was unsuccessful, and he did not again attempt to enter Parlia- 
ment. Sir Archibald was possessed of literary tastes and much culture of mind. 
He was the author of "A Journey to the Oases of Upper Egypt," "The 
Progress of Religion : a Poem," and other works in poetry and prose. He took 
a great interest in the parish of Strathblane, and it was by him that the old 
Castle of Duntreath was rescued from further ruin and made again a residence 
of the family. The parishioners will long remember with gratitude that it is to 
him they owe the improved state of the parish church. The alterations, com- 
pleted shortly before his death and planned and carried out solely by him, have 
made it the beautiful and seemly place of worship it now is. 

Sir Archibald married in 1830 his cousin Emma, 
third daughter of Randle Wilbraham of Rode Hall, 
and had three daughters, who all died a few days 
after their birth. Sir Archibald died 13th March, 

Sir William Edmonstone, fourteenth of Duntreath, 

and fourth Baronet, succeeded his brother. He was 

bom 29th January, 1810, and very early in life 

entered the Royal Navy. When a midshipman on 

EUHOHSTriKE ^^^^ ^''^ " Sy^elle " frigate, during an attack on 

KouBTH BAKoiET oY DUBTBEATif. pirates ncBr Candia, he was dangerously wounded 

nmi ongina m i/mkk/™. j^^ ^^ lofx^ losIng part of his lower jaw. He was 

constantly on active service, and on his return from the West Coast of Africa, 


where he served as commodore, he was made a Companion of the Bath and 
Naval Aide-de-Camp to the Queen. He was afterwards Superintendent of 
Keyham, Devonport, and of Woolwich Dockyards. In 1869 he became Rear- 
Admiral, and he is now an Admiral on the retired list. 

In 1874, at the request of the Conservatives of Stirlingshire, he stood for the 
county against Sir William Bruce, and was elected member of Parliament At 
the General Election of 1880 he was again the Conservative candidate, but 
was unsuccessful. His supporters in the county, to whom his defeat was a 
matter of extreme regret, anxious to show their appreciation of his consistent 
and straightforward conduct while in Parliament and during his election con- 
tests, presented him in 1881 with a service of plate. 

Sir William married in 1841 Mary, eldest daughter of Lieutenant- Colonel 
Parsons, C.M.G., by whom he has had two sons — Archibald William, bom and 
died in 1865 ; Archibald, bom 30th May, 1867 ; and nine daughters.* 
Soon after Sir William succeeded he ceased to reside at Colzium, and made 
Duntreath his home, and now, after many years of silence and solitude, the old 
Castle is again the cheerful and happy meeting-place of children and children's 

' See Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, etc., etc. 



The Kirklands of Strathblane extend to a ten pound land of old extent, and 
include the mailings (or farms) of Kirklands, of which the modem farms of 
Muirhouse ^ and Hillhead are parts, Braidgate, Vicarland, Hole poffle, Macbrew, 
and Mill of Ballagan, mill lands, multures, and sequels.^ The Kirklands also 
contained of old the lands of Easter and Wester Ballagan, both forty shilling 
lands, and the Hill of Dunglass.^ 

The earliest mention we find of these Kirklands is when King Robert I. 
confirmed to the Master, Brethren, and Sisters of the Hospital of Polmadie all 
the privileges and exemptions from service they possessed in the time of King 
Alexander, his predecessor, both as regarded themselves and the land of Strath- 
blane — " terra de Strathblathy " — a pertinent of the Church of Strathblane, and 
held by them along with it The date of this charter is 28th May, 13 16.* 
The next notice of the Kirklands is when Malcolm Earl of Lennox in 1333 
granted to the Brethren and Sisters of Polmadie certain immunities, both as 
regarded their house and the lands annexed to it* And the final notice of 
them in connection with the old Hospital is on the 7th January, 1424,^ when 
Duncan Earl of Lennox and William Bishop of Glasgow made an arrangement 
by which the Earl gave up to the Bishop all the rights he had to the Hospital 
and its annexed Church of Strathblane. The Hospital and the Church, as 
explained elsewhere, were shortly afterwards made into a new prebend for the 
Cathedral of Glasgow.^ 

' What is now the fann of Muirhouse was formerly unenclosed, and called the Muir of Kirk- 
lands. It was first enclosed about 1757.— (Right of Way Case at Craigbamet.) 

• Craigbarnet Writs. » See Ballagan. 

^Keg, Epis. Gias., p. 225. ^ Reg, Efds. Gias,^ p. 248. 

^A'eg, Epis, Glas,, p. 359. '-^<f. Epis, Gias., vol. i. p. ci. 



It is possible,^ however, that in this transaction the "terra de Strathblathy " 
— the Kirklands, in fact — which Polmadie certainly held in 13 16 and 1333, ^^s 
not made over to the Bishop, and that it was merely the Church of Strath- 
blane, including of course the tithes, which went to the new prebendary of 
Glasgow. All that is known for certain to have been given, was the "terras 
ecclesiasticas et elimosinarias de Polmade quibus annexa est ecclesia parochialis 
de Strablahane." There may have remained with the Earl of Lennox — possibly 
as part of his bargain with the Bishop — the Temporality or Kirklands of 
Strathblane, and perhaps part of Polmadie too, for when the Earl's daughter, 
the Duchess-Countess Isabella of Lennox, about 1453 founded her Collegiate 
Church or Provostry of Dumbarton, she endowed it not only with the " Kirk- 
lands of Strathblane," but also with " Polmadie," or part of it The Kirklands 
were the most valuable lands the provostry held. The Countess gave it at 
the same time the churches of Bonhill, Fintry, and Strathblane, but how she 
got Strathblane from the Cathedral of Glasgow, whether with or without the 
Kirklands, nowhere appears. 

On the 24th October, 15 18, there was a tack granted of the Kirklands of 
Strathblane by Mr. James Stewart, Provost of the Collegiate Kirk of Dum- 
barton, with consent of the Earl of Lennox, patron of the provostry, to William 
Stirling of Glorat,^ and on the 28th February, 15 19, the same William had a 
charter of them from the Earl of I^nnox and the " Provost of the Colledgiate 
Kirk of Dumbarton."* So far the Kirklands were undivided, but shortly after 
this date one half of Ballagan was separated from them, for on the 5th June, 
1522, William Stirling of Glorat granted a charter to his brother-gennan, 
Walter Stirling, and Euphame Birsbane, his spouse, of the west half of the lands 
of Ballagan and the Hill of Dunglass, extending to a forty shilling land of old 
extent, to be held of William " for six merks Scots and four boils four pecks 
farm bear yearly." Walter and Euphame were infeft of the same date.^ After 
the death of William Stirling of Glorat, a precept was directed by Robert, 
Bishop of Orkney and Provost of the Collegiate Church of the Blessed Virgin 
Mary of Dumbarton, to Walter Stirling of Ballagan, John Sympill, Andrew 
Cuninghame of " Blairquhiss," for infefting George Stirling as heir to his father, 
William Stirling of Glorat, in all and haill "terras meas ecclesiasticas de Strae- 

^ " Possible," for in none of the records of the foundation of this prebend is it expressly said 
that the Kirklands went with the church of Strathblane, but, on the other hand, it rather looks 
as if they had, for when provision was being made for the vicar of Strathblane, it was arranged 
that the new prebendary was to pay him fourteen merks and assign him one merkland of land 
near the church. This merkland, now called the *' Vicarland," is part of Kirklands, and appar- 
ently alwa3rs was. 

« Old •* Inventory of Rights " at Glorat. ' Old " Inventory of Rights " at Glorat. 

* Charter and Sasine in Ballagan Charter Chest. 



blane," extending to a ten pound land of old extent, signed at Dumbarton 12th 
August, 1537, before these witnesses James Demimpill, John Flemyne, etc. 
Instrument of Sasine followed, dated 22nd August, same year.^ 

The following interesting deed from the Charter Chest at Glorat shows the 
exact connection of the Kirklands of Strathblane and George Stirling of Glorat 
with the Collegiate Church of Dumbarton in 1544: — 

" Be it kend till all men be thir present letteris, ws, Robart, be the mercie 
of God, Elect Bischep of Kaitness, and Provest of our Lade Colleg of Dum- 
berten, wit consent and awys of ane nobill and mychte lord, Mathow Erll of 
Leuenax Lord Dernle, patroune of the said Colleg; That forsamekill as ane 
honorabill man, George Striuelyng of Glorat, hes in few and heretaig to hyme 
and his aris, all and haill the ten pound land of Strablane, wyth the my 11 of 
the samin ; payand to ws and our said Colleg certen annuell zerlie for the saidis 
landis and myll of the samin, as at mair lencht is specifyit and contenit in the 
said Georgis chartur and euidentes maid thairupon; Herefor we for certen 
cawsis moving us, and for the gud seruyce to ws done and to be done be the 
said Georg, with consent and awis of our said patroune, frelie gevis and grantis 
the said zerlie annuell to the said Georg in feall, for all the dayis of the saidis 
Georg liftyme; and be the tenor hereof, exonoris, quitclames, and dischargis 
the said zerlie annuell of the said ten pound land of Strablane, wyth the profehet 
of the said myll, frelie to the said Georg, to be occupyit wsit and manurit be the 
said Georg at his awin dispositioune but ony reuocatioune or agane calling 
quhatsumeuir, and oblissis ws nevir to cum in the contrar of this present dona- 
tioune ; In vitnes of the quhilk thing to this present donatioune, subscriuit wyth 
our hand, our proper seill is to hungin, togedder with the seill and subscriptioune 
of our said patroune, in taking of his consent, at Dumbertene, the nyntene day 
of Apprill, the zer of God, ane thowsand five hundryth and fourte four zeris, 
befor thir vitnes, Villiam Erll of Glenkarne, Dauid Murray, Andro Murray, 
Androw Cwnighame, and James Lyndissay, wyth vtheris diuers. 


Another transaction some years later further illustrates the history of these 
lands. John Stirling of Glorat, the laird of Kirklands, on the 14th December, 
1613, resigned them into the hands of his superiors for new infeflment, and fol- 
lowing thereupon there is a charter by Walter Stewart, Provost of the College 
Kirk of Dumbarton, with consent of I^udovick Duke of Lennox, to the said 
John Stirling and Annabell Graham his wife in joint fee, and the heirs male 

* Craigbarnet Wrils. 


procreated or to be procreated between them, whom failing, to the nearest heirs 
male and assigneys of the said John Stirling, of the Kirklands of Strathblane 
with the miln, multures, and pertinents lying as said is, and which charter con- 
tained a novodamus changing the holding from ward to feu, the Kirklands 
to be held for £^21 8s. 4d. Scots and the miln and multures for £,^ 6s. 8d., 
with £,2 IIS. 8d. of augmentation, extending in whole to ^33 6s. 8d., dated 
1 8th July, 1614.^ The next event in the history of the Kirklands was the 
disjunction of the remainder of Ballagan from them. The deeds effecting this 
are in the Ballagan Charter Chest, and narrate how on the nth and 19th 
March, 1657, Sir Mungo Stirling of Glorat, Knight, set in feu farm to John 
Stirling, fiar of Ballagan, and Jean Stirling his spouse, the lands of Easter 
Ballagan. This transaction completed the severance of Ballagan, both Wester 
and Easter, with the Hill of Dunglass, from the Kirklands of Strathblane, the 
superiority and mill and multures alone remaining; and an old rental shows 
that ''Balaggans few dutie'* was 06:13:04. The Stirlings of Glorat continued 
to hold the Kirklands till 1681, when their relatives, the Stirlings of Law, 
bought them, and the Law family held them till 1760. They then sold them 
to James Stirling of Craigbamet, and in the Craigbamet £imi]y they remained 
till 1883, when the entail being broken, Muirhouse was sold by Major Graham 
Stirling to Robert Ker of Dougalston and Broadgate to Andrew Jameson of 
Leddri^reen. Besides Easter and Wester Ballagan and the Hill of Dunglass, 
long disjoined, as already shown, ten acres or thereby of the poffle called Blue 
Risk, formerly part of the Kirklands,* were sold in 1760 by John Stirling of 
Law to John Graham of Edenkill,' and that poffle of land called Blandsherrie, 
also part of the Kirklands,^ was sold in 1762 by James Stirling of Craigbamet 
to John Graham, portioner of Mugdock, and now forms part of the estate of 
Easterton of Mugdock.^ A small addition, however, was made to the Craig- 
bamet family's lands in Strathblane, by the purchase in 1846 by Alexander 
Gartshore Stirling, from James Shearer of the Middleton of Mugdock, of that 
piece or portion of ground called Gaily or Gallowmoss lying between the public 
road to Glasgow and Loch Ardinning, and of another piece of land, 26 acres 
Scots or thereby, bounded on the north by Leddriegreen estate, on the east by 
the road to Glasgow, and on the west by the old Mugdock road These lands 
are now incorporated with Muirhouse. 

> Craigbarnct Writs. « Craigbamet Writs. 

* See Leddriegreen. ^ Easterton of Mugdock Writs. 

" See Easterton of Mugdock. 



The Kirklands of Strathblane have belonged successively to the Stirlings of 
Glorat, the Stirlings of Law and Edenbarnet, and the Stirlings of Craigbarnet, 
and we now turn to the history of these families in connection with this estate. 
Glorat was in possession of the Kirklands by 15 18, and Craigbarnet not till 
1759, but nevertheless Craigbarnet is entitled to precedence as the head, though 
now in the female line only, of this branch of the Stirlings, whose old, and till 
quite modern times, undisputed claim to the representation of ancient " Cawder " 
has never been disproved. 

In 1434 " Cragbernarde " in the parish of Campsie belonged to the heir of 
Gilbert de Strivelyne.^ This Gilbert is believed to have been a son of William 
of Cadder,* the head of the House of Stirling, and if this is so, on the failure 
of the main line on the death of John Stirling of Bankier, the only son of the 
ill-used Janet Stirling,^ heiress of Cadder, and James Stirling of Keir, which 
took place about the end of the sixteenth century, the family of Craigbarnet 
became chief of the race. Sir Charles Elphingstone Fleming Stirling, Baronet 
of Glorat, cadet of Craigbarnet, is thus now the representative of Cadder in the 
male line, and in the female line Major Charles Campbell Graham Stirling of 
Craigbarnet is its head.* Gilbert Stirling of Craigbarnet * was succeeded in turn 
by his son John,* who died about 1497, and his grandson, another John Stirling. 

^ Exchequer Rolls of Scotland^ vol. iv. p, 590. 

' The Stirlings of Craigbemard and Glorat — Introduction — ^Joseph Bain. . 

• Old Country Houses of the Old Glasgow Gentry^ p. 3a 

^Mr. Fraser, in his JCeir Book^ claims for Stirling of Keir the representation of Cadder, and 
Mr. Riddell in his Comments on Keir does the same for Stirling of Drumpellier ; but in spite 
of the ingenuity and special pleading of these learned gentlemen, the case remains very much 
as it did before they touched the subject. Till one or other of these houses — Keir or Drum- 
pellier — can prove that they represent Cndder, it is reaf^nable to believe, as was always done 
till the Drumpellier case was put forward, that Glorat is the head of the house. Mr. Joseph 
Bain, in a recent privately printed book. The Stirlings of Craigbernard and Glorat^ prepared 
for Sir Charles £. F. Stirling of Glorat, while not claiming to have settled the question, states 
the case for Glorat in a calm and courteous style which contrasts favourably with the heat and 
fury of many genealogists, ancient and modern. 

* The Craigbernard and Glorat descent from Cadder is supposed by Mr. Joseph Bain to have 
been as follows — Gilbert de Strivelyn, the first laird of Cragbernard or Craigbarnet, was a 
younger son of William de Strivelyn, Lord of Cadder in 1408, and acquired Craigbernard 
through marrying the heiress of Alicia de Erth. — {Stirlings of Craigbemard and Glorat,) Alicia 
de Erth was the great-granddaughter of Bernard de Erthe, 1 271- 1300, and Elena, daughter and 
co-heiress of Finlay de Camsi. This Finlay was a son of Malcolm, brother of Maldoven, third 
Earl of Lennox. His three daughters were co-heiresses, and the third of Campsie, which fell to 
Elena, wife of Bernard de Erth, was named bv her Craigbemard. *' Alicia de Erth Domina de 
Cragbernard," *'a noble and venerable woman, and spouse of " Gilbertus de Buchanane,** granted 
a charter at ^'Mwcdoc," 13th February, 1400, of the lands of Ballebrochyr and Lechade to William 
de Graham, lord of Kyncardine.—( Montrose Writs.) It is not known when her son-in-law, Gilbert 
Stirling, succeeded, but we know he was dead, leaving a son in minority, before 1434. 

*In an Instrument of Sasine, dated 9th November, 1468, Johannes Strevelin de Craigber- 
nard is menlionc<i. — (Lennox Case, p. 15.) 



He it was who acquired, during his father's lifetime, the lands of Cult in the 
parish of Strathblane, from Mathew Stewart Earl of Lennox, 13 th February, 
i495i^ ^'^^ Easter Ballewan was acquired either by him or his son George,^ and 
from that day till 1883 a part of the parish of Strathblane was always possessed 
by the Stirlings of Craigbamet or one of their cadets —Glorat, Ballagan, Law 
and Edenbarnet. 

This first Strathblane Stirling was, like all the family, a man of action. 
He was a favourite of King James IIL, and employed about his person, 
and in 1497 he was appointed Keeper of Dumbarton Castle. He was equally 
in favour with King James IV., who paid a visit to Craigbamet in 1507 
while on one of his circuits holding Courts of Justice, and it is recorded that 
his Majesty relieved the cares of State by playing at cards there, and that he 
lost twenty-four shillings in so doing.' There is a place at Craigbamet called 
Courthill, which may possibly commemorate this visit.* 

On the 27th May, 1508, Sir John Stirling (Johannes Striueling de Cragbemard 
Miles) added to his lands of Craigbamet, Cult, and Easter Ballewan, those of 
Glorat in Campsie.^ Glorat, like the Strathblane lands, was by charter from 
Mathew Earl of Lennox. Cult, which he had acquired previously, was half of 
the original Cult or Quilt, that lying to the north side of the Blane, the other 
half, lying to the south of the Blane, belonged at that time to Duntreath, and 
still does so. Sir John Stirling's half was called Cult Craigbamet or Cult 
Stirling.^ In this year Sir John granted an annual rent of 12 merks and 10 
shillings from his lands of Cragbemard and Glorat, to a chaplain, perpetually to 
serve God in the Parish Church of Campsie, and in his chapel erected and 
founded in honour of the Most Blessed Viigin Mary within his place and manor 
of Craigbernard. The chaplain's duties were to pray for the prosperity of the 
Most Serene Prince James IV., and after his decease for the safety of his soul 
and those of his ancestors and successors, and for the souls of Mathew Earl of 
Levenax, his ancestors and successors, and of the late Andrew Stewart, Lord 
Avondale, Chancellor of Scotland ; Colin Earl of Argyll ; George Abemethy, 
Provost of the Collegiate Church of Dumbarton ; and Alexander Stewart of 
Avondale; and for the safety of Sir John's own soul and that of his wife, 
Margaret Abemethy, and those of their fathers and mothers, and their own 

1 Ballewan Writs. 

'Glorat Writs, printed in Utirlings of Keir, p. 316. 

^AccouHts of Lord High Treasurer of Scotland ^ 9ih February, 1507. 

^ The site of the house King James visited is not exactly known, but it is thought to have 
been adjacent to the present mansion. 

•Glorat Writs, printed in Stirlings of Keir^ p. 285. 

* Ballewan Writs and Duntreath Writs. 



■\%, and of all those to whom he was a debtor in this world, and whom 
he had anyways injured. He was to do this three times a week in Campsie 
Church aud four times in the chapel of Craigbamet. If he did Dot perform 
these services regularly, or if be kept continuously a concubine or attendant, he 
was to vacate the chaplaincy and service.* 

Margaret Abemethy, the good knighfs wife, was a daughter of James, third 
Lord Abemethy of Saltoun, and by her he had several 
SODS and at least one daughter, who married John Lennox 
of Balcorrach,' ancestor of the Hod, Mrs. Hanbury Len- 
nox. The sons were — Geoi^e, his heir; William, first of 
Glorat and of the Kirklands of Strathblane; Walter, first 
of Ballagan ; and Robert, who is styled in oae of the 
Glorat Writs " brother-german to the said William" (of 
Glorat).^ Sir John Stirling died about 1510,* and was 
URAL at cBOBCB «Tisi.iNc, succccded Id his Campsie estates and also in his Strath- 
v». or cBAHiBABKBT. 150.. y^^g lauds of Cult Craigbamct and Easter Ballewan by 
his eldest son. 

George Stirling, fourth of Craigbamet and second of the StrathblaDc lands, 
was married before ist May, 1502,' to Elizabeth Park, and by her he had John, 
who succeeded; James, "siimtyme in Bangour";^ David,^ Duncan, William, and 
Walter,^ and a daughter, Margaret^ Elizabeth Park was a Strathblane lady, or 
partly so — one of the co-heiresses of William Park of Park, who had possessed 
Mugdock Mitchell in Strathblane. George Stirliog received with her odc fourth 
of Mugdock Mitchell'" and half of the lands of Spango and Flattertoun in 
Renfrewshire " — the other three fourths " of Mugdock Mitchell and the half of 

* Glorat Wrils. A translation of the deed in The Stirlingt of Craigttmard and Glorat, p. 
So, and in the original in Stirling! of Keir, p. z86. 

* Lennox Case. p. 16. 'Sfir/iitgs of Craigitrnord and Glorat, p. 87. 

* Ballewan Writs. » Glorat Writs, primed in the Stirling! of Keir, p. 275. 
'Craigbamet Writs. ''Stirling! of Keir, p. 129, and Stirling! of Craigitmard, p. 9. 
■Pitcairn's Crim. Trial!, vol, L, part i. p, 458, 

'Crawford in his SAire of Renfrew, p. 96, says Margaret Stirling was the wife of Andrew, 
Master of Semple. 

'^* Reg. Mag. Sig., 15 Jac. IV, a.D, 1503, 

"Crawford in hia SAire of Renfrete, p. 128, says — "James Crawfurd of SydehiU obtained 
the lands of Flattertoun and Spangow in 1489, in exchange or the lands of Kilwinal in Stirling- 
shire, by excambion with George Stirling of Craigbaniet, of which lands he became possest m 
right of Eliiabetb, his wife, daughter and one of tlie co-heiresses of William Park of that Ilk." 
Ueo^ Stirling must thus have been married before 14S9. See also Crawford, p. [14, 

"The fourth of Mugdock Mitchell which belonged to Elizabeth Park and Geo^e Stirling, 
her spouse, was resign^ by them and included in the charier by King James IV., dated a8lh 
March, 1503, in which he confirmed two charters by Mathew, Earl of Lennox, dated 18th 
March, 1502, by which John Stirling resigned his lands of Craigbamet and others into the 
Earl's hands, and had a re-grant of Ihem. The liferent of Mugdock Mitchell was, however. 


Spango and Flattertoun going to Alexander Cunninghame, son of Andrew 
Cunninghame of Drumquhassle, who married Margaret Park, her sister.^ 
George Stirling died before April, 1520. 

John Stirling, who succeeded his father, was fifth of Craigbamet and third 
of the Strathblane lands. He had, along with his wife, Eupham Logan, sasine of 
the lands of Quilt and Mugdok Michell, 15th April, 1520,^ and on the i8th 
of the same month, precept of clare constat for infefting him in his Craig- 
bamet lands and ''Ester Ballevin."^ He had at least one son, John, his 
successor, but whether by his first wife, Eupham Logan, or by Marion Foster, 
who is supposed to have been a second wife,^ does not appear. John Stirling 
of Craigbamet was apparently a turbulent character. Certainly during the 
course of his life he had several quarrels with his neighbours, for the records of 
the Court of Justiciary show that about 1531 he and his relative of Glorat were 
at feud with Sir William Edmonstone, and had withheld from him his place of 
Duntreath for three years; and again about 1563 the Stirlings had a violent 
dispute with the Kincaids of Kincaid, their neighbours on the other side. 
During the course of it the laird of Craigbamet, accompanied by his brothers, 
Duncan, William, and Walter, and his son and heir, John, his natural son 
William, and nineteen others, attacked in Glasgow, James, son and heir of James 
Kincaid of that ilk, and Malcolm, his brother. They wounded James in his 
head, and put him in peril of his life, and also wounded Malcolm '' in deuerse 
pairtis of his body," and '' mutilated " his left arm so that he lost the use of it. 
The records show that this attack was consequent "vpoune auld Feid (feud)."* 
This laird of Craigbamet died between 12th June, 1579, and 22nd December, 

John Stirling, sixth of Craigbamet and fourth of the Strathblane lands, 
married Margaret Reid, and had a son, John, and a daughter, Jean, wife of 

reserved to Elizabeth Park. Elizabeth Park had also brought to George Stirling part of the 
lands of Spango in Renfrewshire, and this she and her husband had exchanged for the lands 
of Kilwinnet, near Craigbamet, as already mentioned. Kilwinnet was resigned by George and 
Elizabeth at the same time as Craigbamet and Mugdock Mitchell, and included in the charter 
to John Stirling of Crai|[bamet (George's &ther), and Margaret Abemethy, his spouse, the 
liferent of it, however, being reserved to George Stirling and his spouse, Elizabeth Park. 

^"Andro Spark had an action against Kessane of Mukdok, Robert Knok, James Sm3rt, 
Alisone Park and Elizabeth Park, the heirs of umql. William Park of that Ilk, 'That is to 
say, the said Kessane, Robert, and James Smyt for the wrangous occupatioun and manurin of 
the myddel thrid of Mukdok claimed to pertain to the said Andro be reason of tack of the 
said umql. William and the said Alisone and Elizabeth as heirs foresaid to warrant to the said 
Andro the tack and set of the said lands.* — (Acta Dominoram Concilii, 23d Feb., 1489.)" 

^Ballewan Writs. 'Craigbamet Writs. 

* Stirlings of Craigbemard and Glorat ^ p. 9. 
*Pitcaim's Criminal Trials ^ vol. i., part i. p. 458. 

* Stirlings of Craigbemard and Glorat^ p. 9. 


Walter Buchanan of Spittal* During his time the "auld feid"with the Kin- 
caids was as lively as ever, for it is recorded that in June, 1581, John Stirling of 
Glorat, John Stirling younger of Craigbamet, Walter Stirling of Ballagan, Luke 
Stirling of Baldoran, Alexander Abemethy in Strathblane, and John Stirling, 
*'servitour to Glorat,'' again attacked the Kincaids and slew outright the same 
Malcolm who had been "mutilated" in 1563.* Malcolm, however, was not 
unavenged, for apparently shortly afterwards, Thomas Kincaid, his brother, took 
the law into his own hands, and slew in his turn Luke Stirling of Baldoran, one 
of his brother's assailants, who left a "relict and ten faderles baimis."^ It is 
not known when this laird of Craigbamet died. 

John Stirling, seventh of Craigbamet and fifth of the Strathblane lands, was 
twice married — first, to Margaret Grahame,^ and secondly, to Elizabeth, daughter 
of John Hamilton of Bardowie,^ and he had an heir, John, and other sons and 
daughters. There is not much known of this laird, who is stated to have died 
between 1633 and i64o.' 

John Stirling, eighth of Craigbamet, was sixth and last of the Strathblane 
lands of Cult Craigbamet, Easter Ballewan, and Mugdock Mitchell, for during 
his father's lifetime, and with consent of Annabella Ewing, his spouse, he sold 
in 1628 Cult to Gilbert Craig,^ and in 1633 Mugdock Mitchell to James Earl 
of Montrose, and apparently before this time Easter Ballewan was in the hands 
of the laird of Buchanan.® This Craigbamet, who, no doubt, was in pecuniary 
difficulties, died before 9th May, 1646, on which date there is a precept from 
William Livingstone of Kilsyth ® for infefting his son, John Stirling, in Craigbamet, 
or parts of it, as heir of his father, John Stirling.*® 

^SHrlings of Keir, p. 131, and Stirlings of Craigbemard^ p. 10. 

• Pitcaim*s Criminal Trials^ vol. i., part ii. p. 97. 

•Pitcaim's Criminal Trials^ vol. i., part iL p. 355. 

^Will of Margaret Grahame, spouse to John Stirling of Craigbamet, loth March, 1592. — 
(Commissariat of Edinburgh.) 

^ Slirlings of Keir^ p. 131. Stirlings of Craigbemard and Glorat , p. 10. 

'Among the Craigbamet Writs is one which was executed on the 13th December, 1593: — 
"Apud Strablane in tempio parrochiali eiusdem." .... "The quilk day in presens of me 
noter publict and witnes under writtin personallie comperit ane honorabill man James Striueling 
sumtyme in bangour father broyer (uncle) to Johnne Striueling elder of Craigbemard." This 
James must have lieen a very old man. He was son of George No. 4, brother of John No. 5, 
uncle of John No. 6, and grand -uncle of John No. 7. The deed relates to some money trans- 
action between the old gentleman and his grand-nephew, John No. 7. The " noter " was 
Robert Alexander, Clerk of the Diocese of Glasgow, and the witnesses were John Hamilton, 
senior of Bardowie (no doubt father-in-law of John No. 7), Walter Stirling of Ballagan, Robert 
Graham of Thomeuik, Samuel Hamilton of Bankell, and John Hamilton, his brother. 

' Ballewan Writs. * See Ballewan. 

'In 1 61 3 the Duke of Lennox had disponed among other lands the superiority of Craig- 
bamet to Sir Wm. Livingstone of Kilsyth. 

J» Craigbamet Writs. 


John Stirling, ninth of Craigbarnet, married in 1656 Mary, daughter of Sir 
Mungo Stirling of Glorat,^ and had three sons — Mungo, George, and Jaroes,^ 
and a daughter, Annabel, who married Patrick Bell of Antermony, in the parish 
of Campsie.' Before he succeeded to Craigbamet John Stirling was a com- 
panion-in-arms of his great neighbour, James Marquis of Montrose, and after 
the disastrous battle of Philiphaugh in 1645, he was, along with his future father- 
in-law, taken prisoner there by General Leslie.* This laird of Craigbamet, from 
a "burr" in his speech, was nicknamed " Burrie." About 1662 he resolved to 
build a new mansion for the estate instead of the old Castle, which stood close 
to the present house. The spot he fixed upon for this purpose was an artificial 
mound at Keirhill on the lands of Baillie, opposite Kilwinnet, said to be an 
ancient burial-place, and here the building was begun ; but an unexpected 
obstacle intervened, for in some mysterious manner all that was built during 
the day was carefully removed by invisible hands during the night, and a warn- 
ing voice was often heard repeating — 

"Burrie, big your house in a bog 
And you'll ne'er want a fou' cog," 

The laird took the hint, and, constructing a great artificial foundation, just 
opposite the present house on the other side of the road, in the lowest part of 
what was then a peat moss, built thereupon his house without further inter- 

It seems curious that John Stirling should have built a house at all, for his 
father had left the estate much involved, and he himself was not fully in pos- 
session of it, for in a deed in 1657 he is designed not John Stirling "of Craig- 
bamet," but "son of the deceased John Stirling of Craigbamet." In fact, as 
shown in the account of Ballagan, Sir Mungo Stirling of Glorat was probably 
at this time in possession of Craigbamet He certainly was on the i6th July, 
1667, for among the Glorat papers is " Ane Inventar of the plenishing within 
Craigbamett .belonging to Sr Mungo Sterling of Gloratt as it was found the 
16 of Julij 1667."^ Be this, however, as it may, the house was built, and is 

^ SHrlings of Craigbernard and Glorat ^ pp. 1 1-26. 

^ Stirlings of Craigbernard^ p. 1 1, and SHrlings of Keir^ p. 132. 

' Patrick Bell of Antermony and Annabel Stirling had a son, John Bell, bom in 1691. He 
was a celebrated traveller, and the friend of Peter the Great of Russia. He died at Antermony, 
1st July, 1780, aged 89 years, leaving many of his books and other valuables to the Craig- 
bamet family. Among them are an elegant glass vase and goblets with the Imperial Russian 
arms and monogram engraved thereon, and a handsome gold-headed cane, beanng the Czar's 
crest. Mr. BelFs Travels in Asia is among the publications of the celebrated Foulis Press of 
Glasgow, and was translated into French, and had a wide circulation on the Continent. 

* Glorat Papers. * Printed in full in Appendix. 


said to have been a substantial square building, with a "pepper-box" at each 
comer, surrounded by a wet ditch, and further defended by a draw-bridge and 
gateway.^ There are four large dressed stones built into the wall of the present 
offices at Craigbamet which bear the initials and date thus — "J.S. and M.S." 

16 6s 

(John Stirling and Mary Stirling), and the Stirling coat-of-arms. These were 
brought up from the "old place/' when it was demolished in its turn 
in 1786, when the present mansion-house was built John Stirling died be- 
tween 1697 and 1700, and his widow, Mary Stirling, and Mungo Stirling, 
the new laird, her son, lived together at Craigbamet apparently happily, for 
she herself states " that after her husband's death she was entertained by her 
son and lived with him, and they agried together till after his marriage."^ 

Mungo Stirling, tenth of Craigbamet, married Marjory or May Stirling, 
daughter of Sir Geoige Stirling, first Baronet of Glorat,' and had a son, James, 
who succeeded, and a daughter, Mary, who married Robert Graham in Shan- 
noch Hill, great-grandfather of Major Charles Campbell Graham Stirling, the 
present laird of Craigbamet. The Stirlings in all their branches were thoroughly 
loyal, and by the time Mungo Stirling succeeded, their fortunes were much 
impaired by their exertions in favour of the two Kings Charles. He found, 
therefore, the estate of Craigbamet much involved, and early in the eighteenth 
century there were many family transactions between the Glorat and Craigbamet 
families, apparently to help each other.* It does not appear from the family 
records whether Mungo Stirling was out, or involved in the Jacobite rising of 
17 15, but most probably he was. At all events, Craigbamet estate was so en- 
cumbered by debt by 1731, that another family arrangement was made by 
which the estate was bought by John Stirling of Keir,^ as a subsequent deed 
expresses it, " solely with a view to preserve the estate of Craigbamet to the 
said Mungo Stirling, and his heirs, and to save the memory of the family of 
Craigbamet from the ruin and extinction with which it was then threatened." ^ The 
laird of Craigbamet did not long survive this transaction, having died, as the 
Campsie Parish Records inform us, of "a cold and asthma," 7th Januaiy, 1733, 
aged 73, and eleven days afterwards, also of "a cold and asthma," died his 
wife, Marjory Stirling, aged 63. 

»Mr. Fraser, in the SHHings of Kdr, has made "Bunrie" of "the '45" build this house. 
This mistake has arisen from his not being aware of there being two " Burries." 

•Glorat Writs. 

^Stirlings of Craigbemard and Glorat ^ pp. 12 and 28, and Stirlings of JCdr^ pp. 133 and 

^Craigbamet and Glorat Papers. 

'^ Among the family pictures at Craigbamet is a very Hne one of this worthy man, presented 
by himself to James Stirling (the *'Bttrrie" of *'the '45"). 

•Craigbamet Papers. 



James Stirling, eleventh of Craigbarnet, who now succeeded, or rather would 
have done so, had the estate not been sold, was a man of great energy. Like 
his grandfather, he had a "burr" in his speech, and he is known in the family 
history by the nickname of ** Old Burrie." The house of Craigbarnet may well 
cherish his memory with affection and pride, for, while not forgetful of his duty 
to the King he believed to be the right one, and risking his life and his all in 
his service, he yet set himself with such a resolute will to retrieve the fallen 
fortunes of old Craigbarnet, and worked with such industry and perseverance* 
that he was enabled in his old age, not only to redeem his lands of Craigbarnet, 
but also to add to the family possessions the fine estate of the Kirklands of 
Strathblane, as presently shown. It was hardly to be expected that the risings 
of "the '15 " and "the '45 " in favour of a Stewart King could take place without 
a Stirling of Craigbarnet being actively engaged in them. Accordingly, we find 
that " Old Burrie" was out in both of them. How he fared in "the '15 " history 
does not relate, but after " the '45 " he was taken prisoner, along with the Stir- 
lings of Keir, father and son, while in a Dutch ship lying off Largs, laden with 
tobacco, from Glasgow for Rotterdam, and was lodged in Dumbarton Castle.* 
A man of James Stirling's energy could not tamely consent to languish in a 
prison without an attempt to free himself, and, in fact, it does not seem to have 
cost him much trouble to do so, for all his Dumbartonshire friends, male and 
female, were admitted to visit him, and by the help, it is supposed, of one of 
them, aided by the connivance of the county authorities, he escaped in about 
a week after he was taken. He could not of course go back to Craigbarnet, 
but his usual place of hiding was not far from it — in one of the old houses 
still standing at Kirklands by the side of the railway, a little farther up the 
Blane than Strathblane Manse. He managed to live mostly in Strathblane, 
though sometimes at Glorat, till the hue-and-cry was over, often, however, having 
narrow escapes, and after being obliged to resort to various disguises — occasionally 
that of an old woman at her spinning-wheel. The thick woods of Woodhead — 
now Lennox Castle — and the copse-covered rocks of the Cult in Strathblane, 
often befriended him when pursued. There are many stories told of Prince 
Charles in Strathblane and the neighbourhood He is said to have passed a 
few days in the old Castle of Craigbarnet — the old fortalice which stood to the 
south of the present house — and when there to have presented his friend with 
a' claymore and a waistcoat, said to have been worked by Flora Macdonald, 
both of which are in the possession of the present laird The story goes, 
too, that after his reverses the Prince was concealed at one time in the altic 
of " Burrie's " cottage at the Kirklands, and the exact spot where he hid 

^ Scots Magazine, vol. viii., p. 240. 



is still pointed out. Whether these stories are likely or not is for the reader 
to decide. 

After Craigbarnet was sold to Stirling of Keir, James Stirling became tenant 
of it, but it was not by farming he made the fortune which enabled him to do 
so much for the family. It was in the neighbouring city of Glasgow, and by 
his connection with the great Virginia tobacco trade there, that this happy 
result was attained. James Stirling of Craigbarnet, like his neighbour, John 
Graham of Dougalston, was an early tobacco importer, and though he was dead 
before the trade attained its greatest dimensions, and though the events of "the 
'45 " much interfered with his commercial pursuits, still he had acquired by his 
traffic in the " fragrant weed " enough to redeem the lands of Craigbarnet, 
and moreover to acquire for the family lands in Strathblane. Besides the 
tobacco business he engaged in other speculations, such as a company called 
" The Glasgow Cattle Slaughtering Company," which, however, ended rather 
disastrously.^ Whether James Stirling made his money by the Virginia trade 
solely, or by it in conjunction with other business, matters little, the pleas- 
ing fact remains that in September, 1760,^ he bought the Kirklands of Strath- 
blane from James Stirling of Law and Edenbarnet for 30,000 merks Scots = 
;£t,666 13s. 4d. sterling and twenty-five guineas to Mrs. Stirling, and in 1768, 
all debts being paid off, he redeemed by purchase from Archibald Stirling of 
Keir, for ;^i4,5oo Scots = ;;^ 1,2 08 6s. 8d. sterling, the lands of Craigbarnet, 
and thus regained the old family property.^ 

James Stirling's wife was Catherine, daughter of James Monteith of Auld- 
cathy, by whom he had one son, John, who succeeded to Craigbarnet, and 
a daughter, Charlotte, who married James Gartshore of Alderston, and had a 
large family, of whom one only survived, Alexander, who succeeded to Craig- 
barnet after his uncle's death.* James Stirling died in 1774.* 

^ The partners in this concern, which started in 1739, were James Stirling of Craigbarnet, 
John Graham of Dougalston, Alexander Wotherspoon, writer in Glasgow, and others, but 
though cattle were cheap — the first purchase of the Company being fifty cows^ for >f 100 — beef 
was cheap also (2d. per IK at this time), and the venture did not pay, and proving a complete 
failure next year, was wound up to the loss of all parties concerned. — Glasgow Past and 
Present y vol. ii. p. 66. 

* Craigbarnet Writs. • Craigbarnet Writs. 

^ There is a beautiful spreading old plane tree just at the entrance of the new avenue to 
Craigbarnet from the Strathblane side, and under its shade stood a cottage where lived a 
worthy pair, one of whose daughters was a pretty girl who was dairymaid at Craigend farm, 
just across the public road. " Burrie " used to visit this lass, and by and by in this humble home 
a son was born to them who was named James Stirling. James after a time lived in the 
'* big house," and was treated like a son of the family, but on some occasion he received, or 
supposed he had received, an insult about his birth. High-spirited and energetic, he at once 
left Craigbarnet, and it was not for some considerable time that it was found he had enlisted as 
a private in the 42nd Royal Highlanders. He rose rapidly to the highest grade of non- 
commissioned officers in this regiment, and then, at the request of the colonel, his father 



John Stirling, twelfth of Craigbarnct and second of Kirklands, succeeded 
on his father's death. He married Anne, daughter 
of Sir Patrick Murray of Balmanno, but had 
no children. The house his ancestor had built 
in the bog in 1662 does not seem to have 
been a satisfactory one, but nothing could be 
better either as to site or comfort than the 
house John Stirling built in 17S6 in place of 
it The fine public rooms and beautiful ceilings 
and general arrangements show that he was a 
man of both good sense and taste. He died in 
1805, and was succeeded by his nephew, Alexander ''"" *"""l,*fiiucB>''i['HKTr '^""■"™ 

Gartshore.' Ai nfiitrrvi in llu L^n Vffia. 

parchued him a commission in it. By 1798 he wis major in ihc regiment, bv iSll colonel of it, 
and by 4th January, 1S14, major-geneial in the arniy. He commanded the left wing of the 
4ZDd at the battle of Alexandria in Egypt, where he captured the colours of the French In- 
vincibles. He led his regiment, too, at the battle of Corunna. During the cimpaien in the 
Peninsula he was in command of a brigade (6th divisian}, and was present at the batllcE of ihe 
Pyrenees and Salamanca. He also served through the American War, 181314. When be 
returned to England in 1813 the Uuke of Wellinglon wrote of him, "1 believe it is universally 
admitted that there is not anywhere a more gallant soldier than he is," and the memory of 
this worthy scion of a brave and loynt Strathblane race is still cbeiisheil with pride in the 
" Black Wafcb," a regiment nearly half a cenluiy afterwards commanded by his gillant r*lative. 
Major Charles Campbell Graham Stirling, the pre.->enl Ltiid of Craigbamet, at the final and 
Eucceuful assault on Sebastopol in 1855. By his wife, Jean Fisher, Uencral .Slirling hod a 
daughter, Jean, who was bom at Craigbamel, lyih May, 1785, and a son, James, t>om in 
1792, who died at an early age, an officer in (he 42nd regiment. Miss Slirling, his daughter, 
married Captain John Home, and their family consisted of~James Stirling Home, Alexander 
Home, Garlsbore Stirling Home, Jane Home, and Christina Home. General Stirling died at 
Musselbui^h, ijth December, 1834, and was buried in Edinburgh, a detachment of the 4Znd 
firing a military salute over his grave. 

* A short lime ago a very interesting addition was made to the family portraits at Craig- 
bamet— a picture of the veritable " Burrie." Major Graham Stirling got it in a very pleasant 
way. He had been looking over a number of old Craigbarnel family accounts when he came 
npiin a receipt from John Medina for payment of a portrait he had painted of James Stirling, 
"Old Burrie." There was no such picture at Craigbarnel. As the then Eiskine of Cardross 
was agent for the Craigbamet family, it struck Major Graham Stirling that the present Mr. 
Erskine of Cardross might know something of Ihe whereabouts of this portrait. He accord- 
ingly wrote to him, and was informed in reply that there was a portrait of a " Mr. Stirling of 
Craigbamet " in bis possession, evidently of the period named, but how it came into his family 
he could not tell. Mr. Krskine added, in the handsomest way, that as the Slirlings of Craig- 
bamet and the Erskinej of Cardross had lived on the most friendly terms for many generations, 
it would afford him plea.'iure to return the picture to Craigbamel, where, he trusted, it would 
long remain as an heirloom in the family. The portrait, which is a line one, is that of a 
young man. llie painter is the younger Medina. 

' The arms of John Stirling of Craigbamet, as given above — (he tinctures not being shown 
in the woodcut— are those registered in Ihe Lyon Office, and (hey are those now in use by 
the family. They are, however, wrong. Those on John Stirling's livery button would be correct 
had the stag's head been calXKied. Before George Stirling married about 1500, Eliiabetb, one 
of the co-heiiesses of William Park of Park, (he arms of (he Craigbamet lamily were a bettd 


Alexander Gartshorc Stirling, thirteenth of Craigbamet and third of Kirk- 
lands, was born in 1773- He was a lieutenant in the navy, where he had seen 
service, and the medal which he wore was received for being present at Admiral 
.Cornwallis' famous defeat of a French fleet, four times superior in force, on the 
i7lh June, 1795. He was then serving on board the Bellerophon under 
Captain Lord Cranstoun.^ On succeeding to Craigbamet Mr. Gartshore as- 
sumed the name of Stirling and retired from the navy, and lived to a good 
old age a thorough country gentleman, a thorough good sportsman, and a 
thorough good friend. He died childless 21st April, 1852. His widow, Anne 
Miller, daughter of James Miller of Millerstoun — a charming old lady — died 
9th April, 1870, aged 87 years. This laird of Craigbamet had added, as 
already shown, to the family estates, by the purchase in 1846, of certain parts 
of the Middleloun of Easter Mugdock, When " Craigbamet," for he was never 
called anything else, died, he was succeeded, in virtue of an entail made in 
'799 ty John Stirling, twelfth of Craigbamet, by Major Charles Campbell 
Graham, 42nd Royal Highlanders, 

Charles Campbell Graham Stirling, fourteenth of Craigbamet and fourth of 
Kirklands, is great-grandson of Mary Stirling, daughter of Mungo Stirling, tenth 
of Craigbamet, and Robert Graham. On succeeding he assumed the name of 

charged with a mullet between two buckles, with the Lennox sallire in chief and base and the 

Lennox ruse in the chief poinl ; nil as shown in the seal of 

George btitling, younger of Craigbamet, of which a wiiodcut is 

given on page 132, After, however, the niarriage to the heiress 

of Park It was very natural and proper that the Ctaigbainel 

family should assume part of the l)>;arings of Park of Park. 

The multel and the two saltJres were therefore removed, 

and the arms thereafter were the l>end engrailed charged with 

three buckles between a rose in chief for Lennox and s stag's 

head cabosscd in base for Park. This stag's head cabossed 

has been changed by the Lyon OFIice, evidently through some 

mistake, into a boar's head eabossed, a charge or bearing 

quile unknown in Scottish heraldry. It is very probable this 

error arose from the bearings being indistinct or worn off 

on some old seal which John Stirling may have sent lo the 

Lyon Office when he registered his arms. The mistake, 

however it iras made, is discreditable to the Lyon of the the liverv outton of john 

day. The slag's head on the button is eeiiptd not eabossed, stiklin^ of CRA1GBA1I^HT. 

and in Sir L)a»id Lindsay's Heraldic Manutcrifd, page 97, it is so given, but (here seems 

little doubt that the proper bearing is a stag's head iobossfd.—Hee Scoltiih Armi, R, R. 

.Stodart, vol. ii. p. iSS, and Nisbet's Heraldry, vol. i. p. 335. 

' Account of naval and military banquet held in Glasgow, list June, 1849. 

* James Burden of Feddal was the last male of a very ancient Perthshire family. He had 
three daughters — (i) Margaret, who died without issue; (z) Anne, who married Robert Camp- 
bell of Torry, a cadet of Dunstaffnage; and (3) Elizabeth, who married John Campbell. 
After James Burden's lieath bis eldest daughter, Margaret, succeeded to his estate. On her 
di'ath in 1772 her niece, Agnes Campbell, her sister Anne's daughter, succe«!ed. She hail 


The new Craigbamet, true to the instincts of the fine race from which he 
sprang, had chosen the military profession, and in the trenches before Sebas- 
topol, and at the final assault on the great fortress, where he led the gallant 
42nd, proved by his actions that the house of Craigbamet, though old, was not 
effete, and that he, like all his ancestors, was well entitled to the proud motto 
of the family, "Semper fidelis" — Ever faithfuL 

Major Graham Stirling married at Ballagan in Strathblane, 2nd December, 
1856, Elizabeth Agnes, elder daughter of the late Robert Dunmore Napier of 
Ballikinrain ; and has an only child, Caroline Frances, bom 1857, and who 
married lolh January, 1883, George H. Miller, a lieutenant in the Royal Navy, 
third son of the late James B. Miller of Muirshiels, Renfrewshire.^ 

Having thus brought down the history of the Stirlings- of Craigbamet and 
the Kirklands of Strathblane to the present day, we now retrace our steps and 
give some account of the Stirlings of Glorat, who from the year 1518 or 
thereby, when they came into possession of the Kirklands of Strathblane, till 
1681, when they sold them to their relatives, the Stirlings of I-aw, were a most 
distinguished Strathblane family. 


William Stirling, first of Glorat in Campsie, and Kirklands in Strathblane, 
was second son of Sir John Stirling, third of Craigbamet, and Margaret 
Abemethy, daughter of Lord Aberaethy of Saltoun. On the loth October, 
1508, he had a charter from Mathew Earl of Lennox of the lands of Glorat, 
on the resignation of Sir John, his father.^ The Earl in this deed calls 
William Stirling "his beloved servitor," and his father, Sir John, "his beloved 
cousin.'' Ten years afterwards the laird of Glorat was also laird of the Kirk- 
lands of Strathblane.^ 

The Kirklands of Strathblane, as already shown, belonged to the Collegiate 
Church of Dumbarton, and in 1461 George Abemethy was its provost He 
was, no doubt, a near relative of the Lady of Craigbamet, for when in 1508 

married Robert Graham of Milntown of Strathgartney, son of Robert Graham in Shannoch- 
hill — a cadet of the family of Graham of Gartur, who claim to be heirs male of the Earls 
of Menteith— by Mary, his wife, daughter of Mungo Stirling of Craigbamet. On succeeding 
to Feddal she assumed the name of Burden. Her second son, John Graham, married Isabella 
Campbell, and they were the parents of Major Charles Campbell Graham Stirling, the present 
possessor of Craigbamet. 

^ They have a daughter, Elizabeth Georgina Caroline Miller, bom at Greenock, 9th 
November, 1883. 

* (ilorat Writs. Abstract printed in Stirlings of Craigbernard and Glorat^ p. 82, and in full in 
Stirlings of Keir^ p. 288. 

' Kirkland Writs, in the possession of Stirling of Craigbamet. 



Sir John, her husband, granted a sum of money for masses to be said in 
the Church of Campsie, and in a chapel founded in his place of Craigbamet, 
for the souls of himself, his wife, and other persons already dead, George 
Abemethy was included. In 1502, in one of the Craigbamet charters, "magister 
Walter Abernethy," Provost of Dumbarton, is among the witnesses, and he was 
the "carnal" son of Provost George Abemethy.* On the 4th March, 15 16-17, 
William Stirling of Glorat had a gift from my Lord Governor Albany "of all 
landis annuellis and gudis mouable vnmouable quhilkis pertenit to vmquhile 
Maister Walter Abimethy, prouest of the College Kirk of Dunbertane, and 
now pertening or may pertene to our Souerane lord and to my lord gouemouris 
dispositioun be resoun of eschete throw deces of the said Maister Walter quhilk 
wes bom bastard afid deit without lauchfuU are of his body gottin." The 
reason assigned for this gift was William Stirling's "gude and thankful! seruice 
done to our Souerane lord and my lord goueraour." ^ Among the rights that came 
into the Glorat family with this grant was the patronage of " twa beidmanschipis 
in the burgh of Dumbartane founded be vmquhill ane venerabill man Master 
Walter Abemethie then proveist of the Colledge Kirk of the said burgh." * It 
is possible that one or other of these provosts Abernethy may have made 
a grant of the Kirklands to their relative of Glorat, but more probably it 
was a direct reward for services rendered, from the Earl of Lennox, who 
was patron of the provostry. In 1497 Sir John Stirling of Craigbamet was 
appointed Governor of Dumbarton Castle for nineteen years. Towards the 
latter part of this term William of Glorat, his son, acted as deputy for him, 
and in 15 10 he handed it over to Lord Erskine, the new keeper. After the 
battle of Flodden, in the autumn of 15 13, the country was torn by the 
disputes of rival factions, and the possession of Dumbarton Castle was 
eagerly sought for by each of them. William Stirling of Glorat, assisted 
by a number of the principal gentlemen of the Lennox, attacked it early 
in 1514, and succeeded in placing it in the Earl of Lennox' hands. For this 
he had from the grateful Earl, in February, 15 14, a grant appointing him 
Captain and Keeper of the fortress for his lifetime, and the Earl also in the 
same month came under an obligation to infeft him in the lands of Keppoch 
within a year. Whether he did so or not does not appear,* but with- 

^Glorat Writs, printed in full in SHrlings of Keir, p. 238, and in abstract in Sitrlings of 
Craigbemard and Glorat^ p. 70. • 

'This Deed of Gift is among the Writs of the Burgh of Dumbarton, and is printed in full 
in the appendix. 

'Writs of the Burgh of Dumbarton. The form of presentation to these beadmanships is 
carious, and will be found in the appendix. 

^ He probably kept his word, for George Stirling, William's son and successor, had it in 





out doubt by 15 18 William Stirling was in possession of the Kirklands of 
Strathblane,^ and very possibly the Earl may have granted them to his gallant 
friend either in place of the lands of Keppoch or as an additional reward for 
what are termed in the obligation '^the labouris, travellis, costis, and expensis" 
of "our traist cousyng and familiar servitour Williame Striuelyng of Gloret."* 
The Kirklands were soon after this divided, as already shown, the west half of 
the lands of Ballagan and the Hill of Dunglass which formed part of them, being 
conveyed by William to his brother Walter, who thus became the first Stirling 
of Ballagan. The east half of Ballagan was not disjoined from the Kirklands 
till 1657. William Stirling was a loyal subject, and we are told that while 
being employed by His Majesty (James V.) he "was cruellie slayen coming 
from Stirling to Dumbarton be those who wes hounded out for that end, 
becaus the said William did take the Castell of Dumbarton from those who 
was in possession thereof, and did possess the said John Earl of Lennox 
therein." This was in 1534, and the murderers were "Humphry Galbrayth 
and his accomplices." Two of the sons of Sir John Colquhoun of Luss, and 
Andrew Cunyngham of Drumquhassil, and William Cunyngham of Fenyk, 
were also concerned in this affair.^ 

William Stirling was twice married,^ first, to Mariota or Marion Brisbane, 
by whom he had George, his heir, and secondly, to Margaret Houstoun,* by 
whom he had Andrew, first of Law; James, John, and Walter, who, like his 
father, came to a violent end, being murdered by the Sempills of Fullwood, 
3rd March, 1545-46.* 

1 Kirklands Writs. 

'Obligation printed in SHrlings of Keir^ p. 301. 

' Pitcaim's Crim, Trials ^ vol. i. p. 17a Three years before this time William Stirling had 
been acting the part of a peacemaker, as appears from a contract between Marion Maxwell, 
Lady of Bardowy, and Alan Hamilton of Bardowy, her son, on the one part, and John Logan 
of Balwee, for his kin and friends, on the other part, whereby they chose Patrick Maxwell of 
Newark and William Striueling of Glorat, captain of Dumbarton, neutral persons, as arbiters to 
decide regarding all slaughters, hurts, and debates betwixt the contracting parties, their kin, and 
friends. John Logan also binds himself to persuade Colin Campbell of Auchinhowie to concur 
and agree with Alan Hamilton as to disputes betwixt them ; and if any of the friends, especi- 
ally the Laird of Colgrane (Danielstoun) on one side and the Laird of Cowdoun on the other, 
will not submit to the arbiters chosen, they shall appoint their own arbiters. Dated at Dum- 
barton, 17th June, 1531 — Witnesses, John Striueling of Craigbamet, Maister James Striueling, 
parson of Kilmodene, Walter Striueling in Balagane, Walter Galbraitht of Kerscadden, Maister 
John Ker, John Busbae of Mukcrawft, John I^nox, Sir Thomas Jacson, and Thomas Bishop, 
notary. — (Keir Writs, Hist. MSS. Commission.) 

*Decd printed in Stirlings of Craigbemard and Glorat^ p. 86, and in SHrlings of Keir^ 

p. 313. 

* Dumbarton Records, Dennistoun MS., quoted from SHrlings of Keir^ p. 139, and Reg, 
Mag, Sig,y 23 Jac. V. a.d. 1536. 

•Pitcaim's Crim, THa/s, vol. i. p. 333. 


George Stirling, second of Glorat and Kirklands, succeeded his father and 
made up his titles in due time, his Strathblane charters being a precept of 
clare constat by Robert, Bishop of Orkney, Provost of the Collegiate Church of 
the Blessed Virgin Mary of Dumbarton, for infefting him as heir to his father 
in the Kirklands of Strathblane, to be held ward, signed at Dumbarton, 12th 
August, 1537. The instrument of sasine "ad terras ecclesiasticas de Strablane," 
is dated 22nd August "Andrew Cun5mghame of Blayrquhoise," a neighbouring 
Strathblane laird, was Bailie for the purpose, and the witnesses were Walter 
Stirling of Ballagan, John Sempill, John Stirling, brother-german to the said 
George, John Abemethie, and Andrew Bryce.^ 

Like his father, George Stirling was Captain of Dumbarton Castle, an office 
which was ratified to him by King James V., 13th April, 1534. The Deed 
of Ratification runs thus — "Rex, we having consideration of the thankfull and 
true service done to us and our maist noble father be umquhill William Stirling 
of Glorat and his father, and that the said William is crewelly slain the last 
Good Friday acting for us direct in our chairge and service, be thir presents 
ratifies and approves to George Stirling, his sone and air, the letter of asseda- 
tion of the constabulary and keeping of our house and Castle of Dumbarton ; " ^ 
and on the 21st May, 1534, the King wrote to him thanking him for "good 
service done to us att this time whereby ye could have done us nae greater 
pleasour."* In 1543 Mathew Earl of Lennox returned to Scotland from France, 
where he had been serving in the army for some years; and he proceeded 
forthwith to attach George Stirling to his cause by granting or ratifying to 
him the Captaincy of Dumbarton Castle,* by granting to him the duties he 
paid for the Kirklands,* by confirming him in possession of the lands of 
Keppoch, and generally by treating him with consideration. It is pleasant 
to reflect that this ancient parishioner was like the rest of his race, a loyal 
servant, and stood by his sovereign, when his friend and patron the Earl of 
Lennox was acting as a traitor in 1544 by aiding King Henry VIII., and on 
his behalf making a descent on the West Coast of Scotland with troops from 
England. On his arrival off Dumbarton, Lennox demanded from George 
Stirling the surrender of the Castle, not doubting that as he had obtained 
the Captaincy of it from him he would at once render it up. But friend 
though he was of Lennox, Stirling refused to be unfaithful to his country, 

1 Kirklands Writs. 

* Glorat Writs. Printed in full in Siirlings cf Keivy p. 352. 

* Glorat Writs. Printed in full in Siirlings of Ktir^ p. 352. 

* Siirlings of Craigbemard and Glorat ^ p. 19, and Siirlings of Keir^ p. 140. 
"See page 128. 


and sallying forth drove oflf the Earl with his English allies.* The life of 
this brave soldier was but a short one, for in 1547 he was slain fighting 
for his country against the English at the fatal battle of Pinkiecleuch.^ His 
wife was Margaret, daughter of George Buchanan of Buchanan, to whom he 
must have been married before 6th August, 1544, for on that date there is 
a charter giving the Kirklands of Strathblane to her in liferent, and to the 
heirs to be procreat betwixt her and George Stirling in fee.* They had a son, 
John, and the widow married before 1554 Mathew Douglas of Mains.* 

John Stirling, third of Glorat and Kirklands, was duly installed in these 
estates* some time after the death of his father. He was but young when 
he succeeded, and he did not marry until some twenty years had passed, 
and when he did so he had the good taste to choose a Strathblane lady, 
Annabella, fourth daughter of Sir William Edmonstone of Duntreath.^ By her 
he had a fine family of sons and daughters. He took part in the old feud 
which raged between the Craigbarnet, Glorat, and Ballagan Stirlings and the 
Kincaids, and was present at the attack upon the latter in June, 1581, when 
Malcolm Kincaid, son of the laird of that ilk, was slain.^ For this he 
was "put in ward in the Castell of Blackness," and only released on a 

^"a.d. 1544 the Earle of Lennox ileies to England, and befor his departure wold have 

; delivered vpe Dunbrittone Castle to the Englisbe, quho, for that end, had entered the west, 

t and had approched neire to Dunbriton, under the conduct of Sr. Pieter Crussey, Sr. Ralphe 

i WingBeld, and Sr. Johne Winter Knights ; bot by the prudence and walor of Stirlinge the 

I Capitane and wthers good patriotts that then followed Lennox, zet more than him loved their 

\ country, he to his grate shame and ignomtney was disappoynted ; and the Englishe that by his 

j treachery had for a good number entred, were turned out headlonges." — Balfour's Annals of 

\ Scotland^ vol. i. p. 282. 

I 'Note among the Craigbarnet Papers. 

• 'Craigbarnet Writs, and Buchanan of Auchmar^ p. 34. 

I ^In 1558 James Edmestown of Ballewlti raised an action against Margaret Bucquhanane, lady 

I Gloret, and Mathew Douglas of ye Mainis her spous. The latter by letters of assedatioun *'sub- 

scrivit by the said Margaret w' hir hand at the pen led be Sir J hone Crawfurd, vicar pensioner of 
Strablane and w^ the said Mathows ain hand '* set to the pursuer all and haill the lands callit 
Kirklands wHn Strablane for the space of five years. The tack was dated about the feast of 
\ New Yeirmas in the year 1554 and was left with the lessors. They refused to deliver it to 

I the tenant and hence the action. For the defence it was pled that at the time of signing the 

j tack it was agreed that the pursuer should deliver to Lady Glorat and her husband **ane hors 

j of gn^ey collor *' before he should get delivery of the deed. This he had not done. The 22nd 

! November, 1558, was assigned to the defenders to prove their all^ations. — {Acts and Decreets 

I of the Court of Session, voL xviii. p. 117.) 

! ' The Kirklands seem to have been in non-entry for about five years. Instrument of sasine 

dated 26th November, 1552, in fevour of John Stirling, son of George Stirling of the Kirk- 

\ lands of Strathblane, proceeding upon a precept of clare constat, by David Hamilton, Provost 

of the College Kirk of Dumbarton, dated 21st November, 1552. — (Kirklands Writs.) 

, • The Edmonstones of Duntreath, p. 39. In i q88, John Stirling, with consent of Annabella 

Edmonstoune, his wife, granted an annual rent of ^lo out of the lands of Glorat. — (Deed quoted 
in Stirlings of Craigbemard and Glorat, p. 22.) 

^ Pitcaim's Crim. Trials, vol. i. part ii. p. 97. 





bond of caution for 5,000 merks being given by John Earl of Montrose, and 
John Stirling, younger of Craigbarnet.^ He died and was succeeded by his 
eldest son John before 14th December, 1613, as Kirklands Writs already quoted 

John Stirling, fourth of Glorat and Kirklands, must have been married 
long before this time to his wife Annabell Graham, for in 16 14 their eldest 
son, Mungo, was contemplating matrimony, and a deed dated 22nd August of 
that year' throws considerable light upon the family relations. It is a charter 
by the said John Stirling and Annabell Graham, his wife, whereby they, in 
implement of a contract of marriage between them and Mungo Stirling, their 
eldest son, upon the one part, and Alexander Hamilton of Kinglass, Elizabeth 
Forrester, his wife, and Margaret Hamilton, their third daughter, on the other 
part, dispone to the said Mungo Stirling and the heirs male to be procreate 
between him and the said Margaret Hamilton the foresaid Kirklands of Strath- 
blane, with the miln and pertinents, under the reservation of the liferent of 
the said John Stirling and Annabell Graham. John Stirling was dead before 
17th October, 1642, for on that date there is among the deeds at Glorat a 
**factorie to Gloratt be the Earle of Mare and others," and in it Mungo 
Stirling is styled of Glorettr 

Mungo Stirling, fifth of Glorat and Kirklands, was a keen loyalist and 
active supporter of King Charles I., in whose cause he was out with Montrose 
and taken prisoner at Philiphaugh. He suffered severely in consequence both in 
purse and person, as he afterwards himself narrates in a petition to King Charles 
II.* in 1660. The petition "in all humilitie sheweth, that your petitioner 
hauing engaged himselfe and freindes in his late Majestie's service, under 
the command of James Marquis of Montrose, was unfortunatlie teakne prisoner 
at the battale of Philiphache, caried to the citie of Glasgow, and ther com- 
mitted. During the tyme of his committment his lands wer exceedinglie 
wasted and spoyled throw quartring and plundring; and to fill up the cupe of 

^ Reg, P, C, of Scot,, vol. iii. p. 419. 

'It seems just as likely as not that the Kincaids had themselves to blame for the attacks 
the Stirlings made upon them. In fact, at this time the Kincaids seem to have been bad 
neighbours, for in the Register of the Privy Council (vol. ii. p. 82), 22nd September, 1 57 1, there 
appears a dismal complaint ''at the instance of the kin and friendis of Johnne Levenax of Wod- 
held (now Lennox Castle) makand mentioun — That quhairupoun the sevintene day of September 
instant he being solitar at his prayers beside his dwelling place of Wodheid, belevit na evill of 
ony persoun bot to have levit under Godis peax and the Kingis; nottheles the sonnes and 
brethir of James Kincaid of that ilk upoun sett purpois cruellie invadit the said Johnne, and 
woundit and hurt him in deverse partis of his body to the effusioun of his blude in great 
quantitie, and maisterfullie and per force tuke him with thame to the place of Kincaid, quhair 
thay detene him captive as yit in hie contemptioun of our Soverane Lord and his auctoritie." 

' Among the Kirklands Writs. 

* Glorat Writs, printed in the Stirlings of Keir^ p. 465. 



his suSering a considerable fyne was imposed upon him, which, with his former 
sufferings and thoes of late, did put his esute in such a toterii^ conditiooe 
as he was not able to keipe it from falling into pcices." He therefore requests 
the King "to teake his faithfuU and loyale services, which hath occasioned a 
mine of his fortune in a pairte and the hasarde of what remaines, into your 
princlie consideratoune ; that what was teakne from him as a punishment 
may by your Majestic be graciouslie restored to him as a rewarde of his 
loyaltie; and prayeth your Majestie will be graciouslie pleesed toe that effect 
to recommend this his just petitioune to your succeeding Parliament in Scot- 
land, or Lord Commissioner for Parliament, that your petitioner may be 
impoured to proceid legalie against the personnes to whom the said fyne 
was given for refunding it to him. So your petitioner prayeth for your 
Majestie's long lyfe and prosperous rainge." The petition was duly referred 
to the Parliament of Scotland, but no result followed, and the only reward 
the Glorat family ever got for 
their sufferings and losses was a 
baronetcy and aq honourable 
augmentation to their armorial 
bearings. This was conferred 
on Sir George Stirling, knight, 
on the 30th April, 1666, during , 
the lifetime of his father. Sir 
Mungo. The patent narrates 
— "The good and faithful ser- 
vices, great sufferings and losses, 
through several imprisonments, 
fynes, and Other prejudices sus- 
tained by Sir Mungo Stirling of 
Glorat and Sir George Stirling, 

his sone, for and in His Majestie's ™" *■"":'*';,'**"'"* "'..Y' »""■""" °' <"^»*t„ 
service, and His Majestie being 

no less sensible thereof as desyrous for there encouragement in the future, to 
put ane mark of His Majestie's favour upon the family." • 

Sir Mungo married twice after Margaret Hamilton's death, firstly, Marion 
Wauchope of Niddrie and, secondly, Margaret Livingstone, and his family con- 
sisted of George, his heir; William, who was a "Roundhead," and a very 
undutiful son, and whose accusations against his father (history does not say what 
they were) were found by Commissioners of his own party " false and scandelus " ; 

' Printed in the Sttrlmgi of CraightrHard and Cloral, p. 36. 


Jean, who married George Ross of Galston in 1649; Margaret, who married in the 
same year Thomas Kennedy of Baltersanj and Mary, who married, as already 
shown, in 1656 John Stirling of Craigbamet* 

After Sir Mungo's death, his son the baronet succeeded to sadly-impaired 
estates, for, though the baronetcy and the honourable augmentation of arms 
were all very well, they did nothing to meet the losses and fines that their 
loyalty had cost the old and young laird of Glorat. 

Sir George Stirling, baronet, sixth of Glorat and Kirklands, thus found that 
he could not hold the Strathblane estate very long after he succeeded. The 
debt was going on increasing, the principal creditor being William Stirling of 
Law and Edenbamet in Kilpatrick, and to him finally in March, 1681, the 
estate of Kirklands of Strathblane was made over.* As Sir George the first 
baronet, was the last of the Glorat Stirlings in Strathblane, we here take leave 
of this interesting and gallant family, and only trust that the race may long 
flourish, and that the present worthy representative, Sir Charles Elphingstone 
Fleming Stirling, eighth baronet, who has rebuilt and now resides in the old 
place of Glorat, may be the honoured ancestor of a long line of descendants, as 
ready to do their duty at all hazards as their old Strathblane forbears did 
before them.^ 



who thus became Strathblane lairds, were cadets of Glorat, the first Stirling of 
Law being Andrew, son of William Stirling, first of GltjraL William Stirling, 
the fifth laird of Law, who bought the Kirklands, died about the end of 
the seventeeth century, and was succeeded by his grandson, John Campbell, 
second son of Agnes Stirling, his daughter, and John Campbell of Succoth, 
W.S. On succeeding to Law, Edenbarnet, and the Kirklands he assumed the 
name of Stirling. 

John Campbell Stirling was quite of a different way of thinking from all the 
other Stirlings in these parts. He was, of course, half a Campbell, and in- 
herited the Whig principles of his race. His father was the legal adviser and 
friend of the unfortunate Archibald Earl of Argyll, and was present with 
him on the scaffold at his execution.^ 

^ The Craigbemard and Glorat Book and the JCeir Book agree as to Sir Mungo's wives and 

» Kirklands Writs. 

' Full details of the successive baronets and their families are to be found in the Stirlings of 
Ciaigbemard and Glorat, 

* Old Country Houses of the Old Glasgoiv Gentry^ article on Garscube. 




In the Jacobite risings of "the '15 " and "the '45" this laird of Kirklands 
strongly supported the House of Hanover, and was one of the actors in the 
ridiculous Loch Lomond Expedition which was got up by the Whig lairds in 
Dumbartonshire in 17 15 to overawe the Highlanders and secure all the boats 
on the loch. John Campbell Stirling died in 1757 and was succeeded by his 
only son, James. 

James Stirling of Law, Edenbarnet, and Kirklands, alienated a considerable 
part of the family estates, and in particular sold, as already related, the Kirk- 
lands of Strathblane to JameS Stirling of Craigbamet, 3rd September, 1760, and 
thus ended the short connection of the Stirlings of Law and Edenbarnet with 

The Stirlings of Craigbamet too have now but a slender hold on Strath- 
blane. In 1883 Muirhouse, with the lands attached to it, was sold by Major 
Graham Stirling of Craigbamet to Robert Ker of Dougalston, and in the same 
year Broadgate to Andrew Jameson, advocate, the only property in Strath- 
blane left to the Stirling family being the small villa of Napier Lodge. 


The estate of Ballagan consists of the forty shilling land of Wester Ballagan 
and the Hill of Dunglass, and of the forty shilling land of Easter Ballagan, 
both parts of the ten pound land of the Kirklands of Strathblane.^ The history 
of the other parts of the Kirklands of Strathblane has been fully given already,^ 
and it is only necessary to repeat here that Ballagan was disjoined from them 
at two different periods — firstly, by a charter by William Stirling of Glorat, 
dated 5th June, 1522, granting Wester Ballagan and the Hill of Dunglass to his 
brother, Walter Stirling; and, secondly, when Sir Mungo Stirling of Glorat set 
in feu farm to John Stirling, fiar of Ballagan, the lands of Easter Ballagan. 
This was in March, 1657.^ The only change in the extent of the property 
which has taken place since then was when Miss Margaret Lennox of Woodhead 
feued from Ballagan in 181 5 a strip of land extending to about four acres. 
This piece of land is situated south of the high road leading from Strathblane 
to Lennoxtown at the extreme end of the Ballagan estate, and runs in a 
southerly direction to where it joins the Craigend farm, part of the Lennox 
estate in Campsie.^ This land was feued with the intention of making an 

^ " I'he lands of Easter and Wester Ballagan and the Hill of Dunglass and teinds thereof, 
parts of the said ten pound land of Strathblane." — (Craigbamet Writs.) 

^ Pages 126-129. 'Ballagan Writs. ^Lennox Castle Writs. 



avenue at this point to Lennox Castle from the west, an intention, however, 
which was never carried out 

In days of old there was a castle or fortalice at Ballagan. It stood on the 
opposite side of the Blane to the present house, and till about one hundred 
years ago some part of it still remained, including, it is said, a stone on which 
was carved the saltire and roses of the Lennox.^ I'he foundations may still be 
traced, but not a stone is now left, the last having been long ago built into 
the present garden wall. A magnificent old yew tree close to the site of the 
old Castle is now the sole memorial of the past^ Nothing is known with 
certainty of the connection of the old Earls of Lennox with Ballagan, and 
no deeds extant seem to have been signed there, with the exception, perhaps, 
of the charter granting Balcorrach to Donald of the I^nnox, the ancestor of 
the Hon. Mrs. Hanbury Lennox. This charter may have been signed at Bal- 
lagan, though it is not expressly so stated. The deed was by Earl Duncan, 
and was a charter, dated 22nd July, 142 1, of the lands of '^ Ballyncorrauch " 
to his ^'weil belufit sone lafiwell Donald of the Levenax,'' and the testing 
clause runs thus: — "We haf hungyne to our sell at Strablayn . . . befoir 
thir witness that is to say Walter Stewart and James Stewart his broyer, 
William of Streuylling Lord of Cadar, Alexander of the Lennox, Sir Robert 
Lang, Parson of Inchecalzach, Gibbon of Galbrath, Donald Clerk and oyers 
mony personis."^ It may be that Ballagan was called at that time the 
Castle of Strathblane, but this is mere conjecture, for this deed may have 
been signed at the church or somewhere else in the parish. It is very 
possible, indeed, that the old Castle or house of Ballagan was not built at all 
till Walter Stirling got the lands in 1522, and the old stone with the Len- 
nox saltire and roses on it may have been placed in the wall of his new 
house in token of the descent he possessed from the old Earls. The house 
of Ballagan, as the name implies, is built in a sheltered or lawn place on 
the banks of the Blane, just below the splendid falls known as the Spout 
of Ballagan. 


From the time Ballagan was first separated from the Kirklands of Strath- 
blane in 1522 till 1760, when it was sold by James Stirling, it remained in 
the possession of a branch of tlie Craigbamet family. 

^ Nimmo's Stirlingshire^ p. 272. 

^ The far-spreading branches of this tree formed the coach-house of the old lairds of Ballagan. 

'Lennox Castle Writs. 



William Stirling, first of Glorat, and Walter Stirling, first of Ballagan, were 
brothers, sons of Sir John Stirling, third of Craigbamet; 
and their wives, Mariola Brisbane, lady of Glorat, and 
Eufame Brisbane, lady of Ballagan, were very probably 
sisters. Four years after William got Kirklands* he con- 
veyed to Walter and his spouse, Eufame Brisbane, the 
west half of the lands of Ballagan and the Hill of Dun- 
glass for a certain yearly payment in money and barley, 
and Ballagan thus became for the first time a separate 
estate. The brothers had afterwards another transaction, «*>- or waltu 
but why it was required, or when it took place, is not a-d. uj}. 

known, by which Walter granted a reversion of the Kirklands of Strathblane to 
" his derrest broder germane William Stiyuelyng of Glorat" 

On the 35th October, 1535, Walter Stirling of Ballagan, as curator of 
Andrew Cunynghame, son of the deceased Walter Cunynghame of Blairquheis, 
granted a precept for infefting Walter Buchquhannan of Spittail, and Isabella 
Cunynghame, his spouse, in the lands of Blairwoike, and in August, 1537, he 
was one of the witnesses at the entry of Geoi^e Stirling of Glorat, his nephew, 
as heir to his lather, William, to the Kirklands of Strathblane.^ This Walter, 
first of Ballagan, died 6th June, 1549.' The next four succeeding lairds 
of Ballagan were — I. Luke, of whom but little is known ;^ II. Walter, who 
was fined jist January, 1570-71, one hundred pounds for the non-appearance for 
trial of John Hamilton of Bardowie and Robert Tripnay in Branzeitt, for 
whom he had become surety, and who were accused of the traitorous de- 
tention of the tower or fortalice of Bardowie against the King and his Regent) 

'S«e page la?. '' 'Sec Page 127. 

*John Colquhonn of Kilmardinny gave a chuter of half of that place in liferent in 1545 to 
Katherine, camat daughter of Wallet Sliiling of BallagRi), "Proptei Epedales favores et amoiei 
qnoc habeo el geio eiga honeslam puellam ac dilectam meam." — (Lnsi Writs.) 

^From the Regutet of Tettament* in the Diocese of GUtgow, as quoted in Keir Both, 
page 165 s— 

" Ego vero Valtems Striveling, eger orpore, sanus tamen roeiitc. Condo testamcntum 
meuDi in hunc modum ; imprioiis, do et lego animam meam Deo Omnipotenli, corpiuque 
mean) lepeliendum fore !d humo Saocti Mathani, et quartuor denarios fabrice Sajicli Kinti- 
genii : Item lego, ordino, et constituo fore meos executores EufamLani Birsbane, meam sposam 
et Ltitam StrtiitiiHg mtum fitium. Residuum vero omnium bonorum meorum lego Eufamie 
Birsbane mee sponK, vt ipsa disponat pro salute anime meo, vt velit rcndere coram summo 
judice in exlremo judicio. Factam fuit hoc leslamentum apud Strablane, die, meose et anao 
quibus supra, per me DomiDUm Tohannem Litiljohne capeilanum, corani hiis lestibus, vii.; 

" Domino Gilberto Provuie, Johanne Galbraith et Arlhure Hamiltone, cum diuersis olliis ; 
Teste mea manuoli subscriptione Johannes I^tiljobne capellanus manu propria." Dated 6th 
June. 1549. 

Mr. Fiater in hii account of the Stirlings of Ballagan (AWr Bai^, page 166) says Luke 
Stirling of Ballagan married Janet Edmonslone ; but this is a mistake. Janet vat wife of Luke 
Stilling of Baldorran {see page 114). 


and also for their remaining at home from the raid of Linlithgow.^ He was 
also engaged along with his kinsman of Glorat in the slaughter of Malcolm 
Kincaid in 1581.2 III. George Stirling, who died in 1615; and, IV. Walter 
Stirling, his son. The next laird of Ballagan was another Walter Stirling. 
When he succeeded his father does not appear, but in 1648 he marched to 
England with the rank of captain-lieutenant in the Army of the Engagement, 
under the Duke of Hamilton, to assist King Charles I. On the failure of 
this unfortunate expedition he returned to Strathblane, and after being severely 
censured by the Presbytery of Dumbarton for his sinful conduct in attempting 
the rescue of his King, and having made his repentance in the church of 
Strathblane,^ he settled down into a quiet country laird, looking after his 
property, and taking a lead generally in parish affairs. He was on good 
tenns too with his relatives, and occasionally gave them good wholesome 
advice, as the following letter to his cousin, George Stirling of Glorat, 
shows : — 

'' Balagan 19 JuUy 1662. 
"Sir, — Yours of the 24 of Junii com to my handis wpon the 15 of this; 
for the which sir I rander yow many hertie thankis for your wnnumberabill 
kynd expressiovnes quhilk, sir, in ane word I shall bot ansher with sillence. 
I am hertelie glaid of your recuffrey quhilk I prey God to continue. I request 
yow, sir, to heaue ane speciall cair of your selff, and keipe ane guid dyat, and 
when yea ar convolesed that you doe wentor to travelL I wald requeist yow 
to heast hom, for now I hoipe yea heaue gotin your herts desyr in your 
travellis, so that I wald not adwyce yow to follow them furder, but that yea 
wald com hom and sattell your self, and cast your fancie wpon som handsom 
creator, ether in Ingland or at hom ; but gif yea doe in Ingland, I requeist 
yow not to be rassh, for they ar very kittill, or as yea ous to say wher ye 
ar, ticklish; for albeit yea gat an guid woman quhilk com from that pleace 
wher yea ar, yea most not think they ar all alyk, nether most yea think to be 
assured to get on ther so guid as the last, so I wald advyce yow to be cair- 
full in your chous and wyss .... And again let me requeist yow (as 
yea ar wys) to be exciding wary and wys in your chous, for yea know it is 
ane continvall feist, and gif wther wayes yea know ane continvall droping. 
. . . . Your father and mother-in-law I heave left very weill this morning, 
and for your young dochter, ther is no chyld in the wordill I am mor be 
holdin to for her loue and kyndnes then I am to hir. .... In a word 

^ Pitcairn*s CrrVn. Trials^ vol. i. part ii. p. 22. 

"See page 134. 

' Records of the Presbytery of Dumbarton and Session Records of Strathblane. 



all your freindis is in health. I heaue not as yeatt met with Law, bot as 
shon as I meit with him, I shall not be forgetfull to remember yow to him. 
. . . . And heauing nothing elis to ad, but shall still remember yow in my 
preyers, and wisis yow all helth and happynes, and a saif return, I teak live 
and restis your faithful! and assured servand and cussing till I breath. 

"W. Sterling. 

"For his much honred cussing, Georg Sterling of Glorat, to be fund at 
the syn of the Tuo Shucker Loifes Saint Merting's Lane London." ^ 

Walter Stirling's wife was Margaret Logan, and on his death his eldest son, 
John, succeeded him. John Stirling of Ballagan had been married early in 
1655 to Jean Stirling, eldest daughter of James Stirling, Chamberlain of Mug- 
dock,' and two years afterwards he acquired from Sir Mungo Stirling of Glorat 
the lands of Easter Ballagan, thus reuniting, after 135 years' separation, the 
" lands of Easter and Wester Ballagan and Hill of Dunglass, parts of the said 
ten pound land of Strathblane." This sale was effected with the consent 
of John Stirling, who is designed "son of the deceased John Stirling of 
Craigbamet" * 

The affairs of the four Stirling lairds, viz., those of Craigbamet, Glorat, 
Ballagan, and Law, all cousins, were by this time very much mixed, and all 
were more or less in difficulties apparently from the same cause — their devotion 
to the Stewart Kings. It would, however, be a difficult and useless task to 
unravel them even if it were possible. Craigbamet seems to have mortgaged 
his lands to Glorat ; Glorat was under pledge to Craigbamet ; Ballagan and 
Law were helping them both, with the result that the Ballagan family soon 
afterwards got into serious difficulties themselves, and that Law, after buying 
Glorafs Strathblane estate, had in a generation or two to sell it back to 

John Stirling of Ballagan died before 20th March, 1668, as a deed among 
the Glorat Writs shows, leaving James Stirling of Bankell and Mr. Walter 
Stirling, minister at Baldemock, tutors and curators of his children, and they 
in virtue of their office required Sir Mungo Stirling of Glorat, then living at 
the New Hall of Craigbamet, to pay some money owing by him. 

It was not till the 29th August, 1684, that James Stirling, son of the de- 
ceased John Stirling, had a precept of clare constat for infefting him in Bal- 
lagan,^ and then it was not from the old superiors, the Stirlings of Kirklands 

^ Among the Glorat Papers, and printed in full in the Stirlings of Keir^ p. 497. 
* Ballagan Writs, quoted in the SHrlings of Keir^ p. 167. 

'Ballagan Writs. * Glorat and Craigbamet Papers. 'Ballagan Writs. 



and Glorat^ but from William Stirling of Law^ now also proprietor, from about 
three years before this date, of the *' ten pound land of the Kirklands of 
Strathblane, comprehending therein the superiority of the lands of Ballagan, and 
property and reversion of the miln thereof.*' 

James Stirling of Ballagan was a goldsmith in Glasgow. He married Mary 
Napier, and had a son, James, and a daughter, Jean. He died about the begin- 
ning of last century, leaving the estate deeply burdened. His son James succeeded 
him, and after much litigation and trouble a judicial sale of Ballagan took place 
for the satisfaction of the creditors. This was in 1728, and James Stirling 
himself was the purchaser, and the price given ;f 16,000 Scots. 

The Stirlings of Ballagan, like their kinsmen of Craigbarnet and Glorat, 
were thorough loyalists, and suffered much in the cause of the Stewarts. In 
fact, their loyalty lost them their lands. The lairds of Glorat at the expense 
of the loss of a great part of their estates, managed to struggle through their 
difficulties; those of Craigbarnet, by the help of the Stirlings of Keir and the 
energy of "Old Burrie," not only saved their lands, but added to them. But 
the Stirlings of Ballagan, whether from want of energy or want of friends, both 
or either, were obliged to succumb, for in 1756 James Stirling could hold out 
no longer, and sold the old place to Thomas Graham, merchant in Glasgow, 
and thus came to a close this branch of the Stirlings. 

The history of these four families of Strathblane Stirlings — Craigbarnet, 
Glorat, Law, and Ballagan — ogives a striking picture of a singularly united race. 
From first to last they were intimate and friendly in their business relations, 
and in the pleasures, anxieties, and duties of family life. They were steadfast 
and true to each other also, in their bloody disputes with their neighbours. In 
their political principles, too, they were almost unanimous in together perilling 
their lives and fortunes in defence of the cause they believed to be the right one. 
The almost would have been altogether had it not been for the one Whig laird 
of Kirklands and Law, the only blot, some may think, on this fair page of 
history; but even in him the Stirling blood, much intermingled as it was with 
that of Campbell, often clearly showed itself, and the noted family affection of 
the clan was triumphantly asserted when John Campbell Stirling, the Hano- 
verian, assisted " Old Burrie," the Jacobite, to make good his escape from 
Dumbarton Castle after the melancholy termination of "the '45." 


Thomas Graham, the purchaser of Ballagan, came of a good stock. Walter 
Graham of Glenny, his great-grandfather, had three sons, of whom William, the 
youngest, was father of a large family of sons; John, however, the eldest of 


them, and Archibald, the fourth, alone concern us for our present purpose. 
John was the ancestor of Ballagan, and Archibald was the great-grandfather of 
Archibald Grahame, cashier of the Thistle Bank, who was included in the 
entail of Ballagan in 1802.^ 

John Graham married a daughter of Campbell of Carwhin and had two 
sons, Thomas, merchant in Glasgow, who was the purchaser of Ballagan, and 

Thomas Graham, first of Ballagan, married Jean Stirling, who was second 
daughter of John Stirling, Writer to the Signet, Edinburgh, third son of Sir 
George Stirling of Glorat, the first Baronet. Her brother Alexander succeeded 
to Glorat as fourth Baronet Thomas Graham and Jean Stirling had two sons, 
John, who died without issue ; and Alexander, of whom afterwards ; and a 
daughter, Jean, who married, firstly, Mr. Bradshaw of the Royal Navy, and 
secondly, the Hon. and Rev. William Bromley Cadogan. 

Alexander Graham, second of Ballagan, was bom 8th October, 1755, ^"^ 
married on the 28th January, 1792, Janet M*Indoe. They had four sons, 
Thomas Bromley, who died young; John, of whom afterwards; William Bromley 
Cadogan, M.D., died in India unmarried, 8th October, 1839; J^ines, died in 
London ; and six daughters, Caroline, who married T. Courtenay Thorpe ; 
Jean, Jessie, Fanny, Robina who married Mr. Christie, writer, Glasgow; and 
Anne Gartshore. 

In 1793 Alexander Graham bought from the Duke of Montrose the 
sup>eriority of the two Ballagans, and also of Leddriegreen, Dumbroch, Edenkill, 
Lurg, Lurgacre, and Kirkhouse pofHe, and in 1802 he executed a deed of 
entail by which he settled all the lands he held in property, and in superiority, 
first upon himself, then on his eldest son, Thomas Bromley Graham, and his 
heirs, failing whom, on John Graham, his second son, and his heirs, then on 
each of his daughters in turn and their heirs, whom failing, Jean Graham, his 
sister, relict of the deceased Hon. William Bromley Cadogan and her heirs, 
whom failing, William Graham, his natural son, and his heirs; Walter Graham, 
natural son of his brother John, and his heirs; Archibald Grahame, cashier to 
the Thistle Bank, and his heirs; Sir John Stirling of Glorat and his heirs; 
whom all failing, to his own nearest heirs whatsoever. Alexander Graham died 
in the spring of 1840, and was succeeded by his second son. 

John Graham, third of Ballagan, married Sarah Stirling, seventh daughter and 
seventeenth child of Sir John Stirling, fifth Baronet of Glorat, and Gloriana 

^ Archibald Graham married Marion Donaldson of Birdston and had a son, William Graham 
uf Birdston. He was the father of three daughters — Helen (Mrs. Calder), Isobel (Mrs. Innes), 
and Barbara, who married John Grahame of Drumquhassle, tenant of Mugdock Castle, and 
father of Archibald (#rahame, cashier of the Thistle Bank. 


Folsome his wife. She was the widow of Major James Davidson. Their family 
consisted of Alexander Thomas, who died when eighteen months old; Alex- 
ander Thomas, who also died young; William Bromley Cadogan, who died 
young in Australia; Janet Gloriana, now of Ballagan; and Caroline M. 
Courtenay Thorpe, who also died young. John Graham of Ballagan died 
2nd May, 1861. 

Janet Gloriana Graham, fourth of Ballagan, only surviving child of John 
Graham and Sarah Stirling, and who is unmarried, succeeded to the estate on 
the death of her father. 




The estate of Ballewan consists of the lands called at different times Easter 
Cult, Cult Craigbarnet, Cult Stirling or Cult Craig, and of Easter Ballewan, or 
Ballewan Buchanan, and of Wester Ballewan or Ballewan Lennox — the first a 
two pound ten shilling land of old extent,^ and the two latter each fifty shilling 
lands of old extent, the five pound lands "de Balzeoun alias Balewins Buchanan 
et Lenox."* 

The history of the estate is as follows: — The whole was originally part of 
the great Earldom of Lennox, and on its partition the lands of Quilt or Cult 
fell with others to the Stewarts of Damley, by this time a new line of Earls of 
Lennox. The first mention we find of Cult in connection with what is now 
the modem estate of Ballewan is in a precept granted by Mathew Stewart, Earl oi 
Lennox, for infefting John Stirling (yr. of Craigbamet) and Margaret Abemethy 
his wife in the two pound ten shilling land of old extent of Cult, dated 13th 
February, 1495.^ '^^^^ grant was confirmed by King James IV., 28th March, 
1503.* It was, however, of only a part of the original lands of Quilt or Cult, 
for in the charter of confirmation by King James II., dated loth December, 
1452, we find among the lands erected into the Barony of Duntreath "the Quilt 
lying to the south side of the Bum of Blane."^ The lands of Cult thus 
divided between Ballewan and Duntreath have continued to form parts of 
these estates down to the present day — the portion lying to the south side of 
the Blane belonging to Duntreath, that to the north side belonging to Ballewan, 
with the exception of a small part excambed to the Edmonstones.^ 

John Stirling of Craigbamet was succeeded about 15 10 by his son George, 
and in the Craigbamet family this part of Cult remained till about 1628, when 

^ Craigbamet Writs. ' Cart, Lennoxy p. 102. ' Ballewan Writs. 

^ Keg, Mag, Sig,^ 15 Jac. IV. A,D. 1503. ^Duntreath Book, p. 65. 

' In 1793, contract between Milliken Craig of Ballewan and John Foyer of Cult 


it was sold by John Stirling, younger of Craigbamet, with consent of Annabella 
Ewing, his spouse, to Gilbert Craig, eldest lawful son of William Craig in Cult 
(/.^., tenant of Cult) and Margaret Gibson or Billisland, his spouse, in conjunct 
fee.^ It was then named Cult Craigbarnet or Cult Stirling, but after this time 
it was called Cult Craig or Easter Cult 

In 1648 John Craig, son of Gilbert Craig, succeeded, and in September 
next year there is a charter by him to "Agnes Kincaid, his future spouse," 
of the liferent of these lands.* 

John Craig in 1660 added to his estate by the purchase of the fifty shilling 
land of old extent called Ballewan Buchanan, from Agnes Weir or Vaire and 
Robert Buchanan, her husband.' 

The history of Ballewan Buchanan or Easter Ballewan is this : — As already 
explained in the history of Ballewan Edmonstone or Middle Ballewan,^ the 
earliest Ballewan was divided into Easter and Wester Ballewan. Easter Ballewan 
was, however, exactly double the size of Wester Ballewan, hence it was called 
Meikle Ballewan. In January, 1445, Isabella Countess of Lennox granted to 
the Edmonstones the wester half of Meikle Ballewan,^ thereafter called Ballewan 
Edmonstone or Middle Ballewan from having the remainder of Meikle or Easter 
Ballewan on the one side and Wester Ballewan on the other. Middle BaHewan 
was a fifty shilling land. The easier half of Meikle Ballewan, called Ballewan 
Buchanan or Easter Ballewan, also a fifty shilling land, seems to have early 
belonged to the Buchanans. Buchanan of Auchmar, who, though often, is not 
always accurate, says* "Easter Baleun" was disponed by charter in the year 
1394 by Adam Spittal of Ledlowans to his cousin Walter, laird of Buchanan. 
In another place, however, Buchanan says^ that Patrick Buchanan, who suc- 
ceeded Walter, was the purchaser. Patrick's son was another Walter, and 
Buchanan says^ that "some little time before" 1484 there was a charter of 
" Balleun " by Walter, laird of Buchanan, to Thomas, his brother-german, after- 
wards of Moss. Among the Menteith Writs at Buchanan Castle® there is one 
in which it is mentioned that " Patricius Bochannen de Ballaunn " was present 
on the 6th May, 1493, at the infeftment of Alexander Grahame, Earl of 
Menteith, in the earldom. This Patrick was no doubt the eldest son of Walter 
Buchanan of that ilk. In 1491, according to Buchanan,^^ in a charter by 
Mathew Earl of Lennox, Thomas Buchanan (of Moss) is designed "of Balleun." 

* BaUewan Writs. ■ Ballewan Writs. * Ballewan Writs. 

* See Duntreathy page 80. • See Duntreath^ page 73. 

* Essay upon the Family and Surname of Buchanan^ page 136. 

^ Family of Buchanan^ page 31. ^ Family of Buchanan^ page 66. 

•Quoted from Red Book of Menteiihy p. 301. '^^ Famiiy of Buchanan^ page 66. 



These varying statements show either that Easter Ballewan was at this time 
sub-divided, and that the Buchanans of that ilk held part and those of Moss 
held the other, or that Easter Ballewan had returned again to the Chief of the 
race. Be this, however, as it may, by the beginning of the sixteenth century 
Easter Ballewan or Ballewan Buchanan had passed from the Buchanans to the 
Stirlings of Craigbarnet, as appears ^ from a precept of sasine dated i8th April, 
1520, by John Earl of Lennox, for infefting John Stirling as heir of George 
Stirling of Craigbarnet, his father, in the lands of "Estir Ballevin." The 
Stirlings possessed Easter Ballewan lands for only a few years. By the i6th 
July, 1546, George Buchanan of that ilk was the owner,^ and in 1614 the 
whole of Easter Ballewan or Ballewan Buchanan, a fifty shilling land of old 
extent, was sold by John Buchanan of that ilk to Walter Vaire or Weir **in 
Dumbroche."* In 1635 Archibald Weir, his son, was in possession of Ballewan^^ 
and in 1660 it was sold by Agnes Weir, this Archibald's daughter, and her 
husband, Robert Buchanan,^ to John Craig of Cult Craig, as already shown. 

John Craig was thus now in possession of Cult Craig or Easter Cult and 
'Ballewan Buchanan or Easter Ballewan ; but he was soon to make another 
acquisition, for in 1664 he purchased the fifty shilling land of old extent, already 
mentioned, called Wester Ballewan or Ballewan Lennox,^ These lands early 
belonged to a branch of the Lennoxes of Branshogle, a family of old standing 
in the neighbourhood.*^ In 1545 "Johannes Levenax de Balyone" was pro- 
prietor,^ and in 1642 there is a precept of clare constat by the Commissioners 
of James, Duke of Lennox, for infefting in them William Lennox, the last male 
of the race, son and heir of John Lennox.* In 1644^^ Archibald Edmonstone, 
designed *'of Harelhaven,'' had a wadsett of them; in 1662 this was transferred 
to William Forbes, and in 1664 they passed away for good from the last of the 
Lennoxes, as already shown, to John Craig. 

^ Craigbarnet Writs. 

3**50 sol. de Balyewne (que fuerunt dicti Geo in proprietate)." — Reg, Mag. Sig.^ 4 Mar., 
A.D. 1546. 

* Ballewan Writs. The contract of sale is dated at Drynien Kirk, 15th and i6ih April, 
16 14. — (Writs at Buchanan.) 

* Ballewan Writs. " Ballewan Writs. • Ballewan Writs. 

^ Re^. Mag, Sig., 18. Jac. III. A.D. 1477-78. '^^y- •^^^' ^^i't 3 Mar., A.D. 1545. 

'8th Sept., 1601, Act of Caution. — **Williame Edmestoun fiar of Duntreith and George 
Stirling of Ballagane, for Sir James Edmestoun of Duntreith aooo merks. Alexander Edmes^ 
toun his servant, James Edmestoun in Ballewne, Andro Lyll at the Mill of Duntreith, James 
fiar in Duntreith, Thomas Lyll there, Johnne Brashe there, 400 merks each, not to 
harm Johnne Lennox at Ballewne or John Lennox his son and apparent heir." — {Rig. P. C, of 
Scot,, vol. vi. p. 696.) 

i<^ Ballewan Writs. 




The Cult and Ballewan lands, thus united in the person of John Craig, 
duly passed to his son, another John Craig, and from him to James Craig, and 
in 1765 they were in the possession of John Craig, still in the direct line. 
John Craig died before 1789, for in that year there was a precept of clare 
constat in favour of Milliken Craig as heir of the said John Craig, his cousin 
by the father's side. In 1820 Milliken Craig died, and in 1821 Captain John 
Craig, H.E.LC.S., his brother, was served heir.^ He was the last of the Craigs 
of Ballewan, for in 1835 the lands were sold under an order of the Supreme 
Court to James Graham, and his grandson, John Cameron Graham, barrister, 
London, is now the possessor. 

The Craigs had been settled for time immemorial in Strathblane, and in the 
seventeenth century they acquired the lands of Leddriegreen, Cult, Ballewan, and 
others, as already shown. They were all of the same stock, and as there was 
a singular want of variety in the Christian names of the several branches — 
Ballewan, Leddriegreen, Laggan, and Vicarland — the task of thoroughly un- 
ravelling the cousins is well nigh hopeless, and cannot be attempted here. The 
history of the main line of the Leddriegreen Craigs is given in the account of 
that place, and the elder branch of the Ballewan line has been traced to its 
close. The family, however, though now removed from Strathblane, is by no 
means extinct In 1752 John Craig of the Ballewan family married Jean 
Edmonstone, a daughter of Archibald Edmonstone of Spittal, a branch of the 
Duntreath family.* He had a son, Archibald, who was bom at Ballewan in 
1753. This Archibald Craig married in 1788 Anne Duncan,^ and had with 
others, two sons, John, and William who still survives unmarried. John Craig, 
their eldest son, bom in 1791, removed from Dalsholm in New Kilpatrick to 
Dublin and established himself among his cousins the Duncans, a Strathblane 
race already settled there. He married first Agnes Maria Taylor of Edendale, 
Co. Dublin, and secondly, Susan M. Grifhth. By his first wife he had two sons, 
I, Archibald David Craig, who married Agnes Story, and had issue, John, 
died childless ; Marie, died childless j Charles Taylor, merchant in London ; and 
Lizzie. 2, Rev. John Duncan Craig, D.D., incumbent of Trinity Church, Dub- 
lin, who married first Dorothea Eliza, daughter of John Sandeys Bird, J. P., 
by whom he had John, captain 2nd Brigade, S.I.D., Royal Artillety; and 
Anna Beverley Duncan. The Rev. Dr. Duncan Craig married, secondly, 
Adelaide, daughter of Major Allan of the 93rd Highlanders. John Craig had 
by his second wife, Susan M. Griffith, a large family, i, Alice E. Craig, who 

1 Ballewan Writs. «See Duntreath, page 99. 

'See Duncan family under Blairquhosh. 


married W. H. Worthington of Derwent Bank, Derbyshire ; 2, Henry 
Griffith Craig, who married Mary Brown of Moimt Prospect, and has issue ; 3, 
William James Craig, who married Emily Brown, and has issue; 4, Brillianna 
Stanhope Craig, wife of John C. Atkins Carrig, Queenstown, and has issue; 
5, Harriet Duncan Craig, wife of the Rev. J. Hector Robmson, M.A., Rector 
of St Mary's, Woolston Hill, Hampshire, and has issue. The Dublin and Cork 
Craigs, as established there by John Craig, are thus now a large and ever 
increasing family, and promise to keep alive an old Strathblane name. 


In the year 16 10 James Graham, a descendant of the Menteith Grahams, 
had a lease from Sir James Chisholm, of the farm of Cromlix in Dunblane 
parish, and settled there, and son succeeded father in the old place for nearly 
two hundred years in an unbroken line. 

In 1 7 15 the James Graham, then tenant of Cromlix, witnessed the battle 
of Sheriffinuir from his own door. He had five sons and two daughters by his 
wife, Agnes Finlayson. The third son, James, was minister of Killeam ; ^ the 
fourth, William, succeeded his father in Cromlix ; and the fifth, Thomas, was the 
ancestor of the Ballewan family.^ 

Thomas Graham, who was born in 1750, held several extensive farms on 
the estate of the Earl of KinnouL He married Mary M'Ewan, and, like his 
father, he had a large family. He was a clever and, in the main, a kindly 

^The Rev. James Graham of Killearn was born in 1736. He was educated at the Uni- 
versity of Glasgow, and after being tutor in the family of Mr. Hopkirk of Dalbeth, was 
recommended by General Graham of Braco to the Duke of Montrose, by whom he was pre- 
sented in 1768, to the parish of Killearn. He took a great interest in agricultural affairs, and 
was the first man in West Stirlingshire who used a cart, all burdens having been hitherto 
carried on horses' backs or in sledges. He died unmarried in 1821. On the Sunday preceding 
his death he preached for an hour with greater animation than usual — so much so, that the 
people remarked that their old minister was renewing his youth. On his going to the manse, how- 
ever, after service, he said — " Margaret, that's my last sermon," and a few days afterwards he 
died, bale and hearty almost to the last, and after singinp; the psalm with vigour at family 
worship. It was the Rev. Mr. Graham who originated the idea of erecting a monument to the 
learned George Buchanan, who was a native of Killearn, and the obelisk, which is now under 
the care of the Buchanan Society of Glasgow, was built during his incumbency of the parish. 
The contract was signed 9th June, 1788 ; the architect was James Craig of Edinburgh ; the 
mason, William Gray of Camlachie ; the committee of subscribers for carrying out the work was 
Robert Dunmore of Ballindalloch, Peter Spiers of Culcreuch, and Thomas Buchanan of 
Boquhan. In making the mortar for building, the lime and sand were to be mixed "in J^uch 
proportions as shall be agreeable to the Rev. Mr. James Graham, minister of Killearn," and 
all disputes were also to l^ referred to him. 

'James Graham's second daughter, Isabella, married James Dawson, Crosscaple, and was the 
grandmother of the late Rev. James M *Gowan, formerly assistant and successor at Bonhill, and 
afterwards minister of the parish of Laurencekirk, the father of the late Robert M*Gowan, 
writer in Glasgow, and Town Clerk of Partick. She was also grandmother of the Rev. John 
Kinross, minister of the parish of Largs, who died in 1883. 



man, and very anxious for the advancement of his family, though certainly 
arbitrary in his management of it. His brother James' comfortable position 
as minister of Killearn seems to have impressed him, and when his eldest son, 
James, who was born in 1776, and his second son, John, who was born in 1778, 
arrived at the proper age, he announced to them that they were to be ministers. 
John acquiesced, and in due time succeeded his uncle in Killearn,^ but James 
rebelled, and resolutely refused to enter the Church. His father, however, was 
firm, and mounting his son behind him on his horse rode across the country^ 
towards Killearn manse, being satisfied that his reverend brother would find 
means " to gar him be a minister." But it was not to be, for when they 
were crossing the muir at Kippen matters came to a crisis ; James refused to 
go any farther, and the father, after a very liberal application of the rod, rode 
away home, leaving the lad lying among the heather in a very forlorn state. 

But James, besides having a will of his own, had plenty of brains and 
pluck, so presently picking himself up he made his way to Glasgow, where, cast 
off by his father, he first apprenticed himself to a weaver, and afterwards as a 
manufacturer and merchant made a handsome fortune. He lived principally 
at Clover Bank, near Glasgow, and in 1835 bought Ballewan.^ 

James Graham, who thus attained the honourable position of a Strathblane 
laird, had married early in life Margaret Paterson of Borrowstowness, and had 
by her fiwt sons and two daughters. The eldest son was Thomas, of whom 
afterwards, born in 1805, and the fourth was John, of whom also afterwards, 
bom 1 81 2. The rest of the family died unmarried or without children, except 
Mary, who married James Reid, secretary of the Union Bank of Scotland, who 
built Dunmullin, and died 1877, leaving a family. 

James Graham, though he had refused to be a minister himself, had, like 
his father, a great admiration for the profession, and in due time informed his 

^John Graham, who was eventually a Doctor of Divinity, Moderator of the General 
Assembly of the Church of Scotland, and a Justice of the Peace for Stirlingshire, was an 
excellent parish minister, benevolent and judicious, and many a dispute among his parish- 
ioners was amicably settled through his intervention. By his wife, Elizabeth Bannerman, he 
had three daughters, of whom the second, Mary, survives, and resides at Corriedale, in Strath- 
blane, and one son. Captain Thomas Graham, formerly of Balfunning. Dr. John Graham 
died at Killearn in 1865. He had been minister of Fintry from 1805 to 1821, and of 
Killearn, in which he succeeded his uncle, who was settled there in 1768, from 182 1 to 
1865. The uncle and the nephew had thus held the living for the long space of 97 years. 

^Ballewan was sold in Edinburgh by a judicial sale. When knocked down to Mr. 
Graham, Sir James Gibson-Craig, W.S., who was agent for the sale, asked him to name his 
security, to which Mr. Graham at once replied, ** My security's in my pouch ; Til pay ye 
the siller ; " and on Sir James saying he had no fear of payment, but it was usual to 
name a friend as security, the rejoinder was, ''My best friend and security is in my 
pouch ; 1*11 pay at ance." It was understood that the Rev. Dr. Hamilton, the minister 
of the parish, who had died shortly before this time, had intended to have bid for 


eldest son, Thomas, that he was to be a minister. At the same time he told 
his other sons the future in life he proposed for them, and with a curious per- 
versity he had chosen for each of them just what they did not want to be. 

Thomas, who was destined for the ministry, was more diplomatic than his 
father had been in similar circumstances, and did not absolutely refuse to enter 
the Divinity Hall. He only stipulated that if he must be a minister he should 
be educated in Edinburgh, where, he alleged, the theology was better than in 
the West To Edinburgh, therefore, he was sent after taking the degree of 
M.A. at Glasgow College ; but instead of studying divinity, he applied himself 
heart and soul to chemistry, working in the laboratory of the University under 
Dr. Hope for about two years. Meantime his father became impatient at his 
not preaching, and went to Edinburgh to see what his son was doing, where 
to his indignation he found his lodgings full, not of ponderous volumes of *' the 
Fathers" and theological works, but of chemical and philosophical apparatus. 
Promptly breaking these to pieces, and following again the example of his own 
father, James Graham cast his son off without a penny, and forbade him to 
enter his house. 

Thrown thus upon his own resources, Thomas Graham wisely consulted his 
old friend and teacher. Dr. Meikleham, Professor of Natural Philosophy in the 
University of Glasgow, and by his advice and help supported himself by giving 
lessons in mathematics and chemistry. This went on for a year or two, and by 
degrees his father's heart began to soften and gradually melted, as one com- 
munication after another from his son on chemical subjects followed each other 
in rapid succession, and were received with enthusiasm by the learned world; 
and by 1830, when he was appointed Professor of Chemistry in the Andersonian 
University of Glasgow,^ no one was more interested in his success or more 
cordial in his congratulations than his now reconciled father. 

During the seven years Thomas Graham filled this chair, his indefatigable 
researches were rewarded by most valuable discoveries, which from time to 
time he gave to the world in papers read before the Royal Societies of Edin- 

^ When Thomas Graham was Professor in the Andersonian he employed a young lad 
named James Young to work in his laboratory and assist in prepanng his experiments. 
When the Professor went to London he took James Young with him, who, from the 
knowledge he thus acquired of chemistry, was in due time appointed manager of a large 
chemical work at Liverpool. It would be out of place to follow here Mr. Young of Keily*s 
successful and useful career, or to show in detail how he has, by his skilful application of 
chemical knowledge to the distillation of paraffin from shale, invented a light fitted alike 
for the mansions of the rich from its brilliancy and beauty and for the houses of the poor 
from its efficiency and economy. Mr. Young never forgot his *'Alma Mater,** as his 
splendid gifts to the Andersonian testify. The Professor^ friends were his friends too, 
notably David Livingstone. James Young subscribed largely to the fund collected for 
equipping the expedition sent out to Africa to search for him. He was mainly instru*> 
mental, too, in erecting the statue in George Square to his friend Thomas Graham. 


burgh and London; and in 1837, when he succeeded Dr. Edward Turner as 
Professor of Chemistry in the University of London, he stood at the head of 
the chemists certainly of Great Britain, probably of the world. 

When James Graham, his father, died in 1842, Professor Graham succeeded 
to Ballewan. Although his busy life in Ix>ndon seldom allowed him to visit 
Strathblane, he took much interest in his place, and it pleased him to show 
it to his friends, and in his company the ''Old Ha'" has seen many dis- 
tinguished strangers, among others the famous German chemists, Liebig and 

In 1855, as an acknowledgment of his pre-eminent services in the cause of 
science, Her Majesty, on the recommendation of Lord Palmerston, then Prime 
Minister, appointed Mr. Graham Master of the Mint in succession to Sir John 
Herschel. It was during his tenure of this high office that his greatest scientific 
work was done, and his most valuable and novel discoveries in chemistry and 
its application given to the world.^ 

The Master of the Mint died unmarried at his house, 4 Gordon Square, 
London, i6th September, 1869. 

John Cameron Graham, the new laird of Ballewan, was a young man of 
twenty-two when he succeeded, and his father, John Graham, brother of the 
Master of the Mint, had been only a few months dead. 

John Graham, the father of the new laird, was the fourth son of James 
Graham of Ballewan. He was bom in 181 2. Like his distinguished brother, 
his bent was towards chemistry, but in deference to his father's wishes he 
entered an accountant's office in Glasgow, and served his time there. He did 
not, however, pursue this calling, but applying himself diligently to the study 
of chemistry he soon fitted himself for the position of chemist in the extensive 
print work of Messrs. Thomas Hoyle and Sons, Manchester, a firm of which he 
afterwards became a partner. During the time he was a calico printer his 
knowledge of chemistry and mechanics stood him in good stead. Mr. Graham, 
after being out of business and in rather delicate health for some years, was 
appointed to the Mint in 1861 to take charge of the new bronze coinage about 
to be issued. This was an occupation very much to his taste, and was very 
successfully carried out by him ; and as head of the coining department of the 
Mint he was engaged in planning improvements on the machinery for striking 
coins when he died 22nd February, 1869, at the comparatively early age of 57. 

^Thomas Graham was a Fellow of the Royal Society, Corresponding Member of the 
Institute of France, and Doctor of Civil Law of Oxford. An interesting accomit of his 
life and work is given in a lecture (published in 1870) by William Oddling, M.B., F.R.S., 
FuUerian Professor of Chemistry, and m 1884 there was published in Glasgow The Ltfe and 
Works of Thomas Graham, D.C,L,y KR.S,, etc,, by Dr. R. Angus Smith, LL.D., F.R.S. 


Mr. John Graham was a Fellow of the Chemical Society, and his writings on 
scientific subjects have been received with much approbation.^ By his marriage 
to Cooper M. H. Woodcroft, daughter of John Woodcroft of Bennet Grange, 
Yorkshire, he had issue, the present laird of Ballewan and two daughters.^ 

Unlike his two predecessors, no pressure was put upon John Cameron 
Graham, now of Ballewan, to enter the Church, but he chose for himself a 
kindred learned profession, and as a barrister in London he is doing no discredit 
to the talented family to which he belongs.^ 

"^Journal of the Chemical Society ^ Series 2, vol. vii., supplement, page v. 

'John Graham, sixth child and fourth son of James Graham of Ballewan, was bom in 
1812. He married Cooper Mary Hannah Woodcroft, and had (i) Margaret^ born 15th 
May, 1846, married 1877 Frederick Page, surgeon, Newcastle-on-Tyne, and has issue — 
Cuthbert, Clare £., Dorothy. (2) John Cameron Graham^ now of Ballewan, bom 23rd 
May, 1847. (3) Helen^ bom i6th August, 1848, married 1882 Edwin Brough, late of 
Leek, Staffordshire. 

' Mr. Graham published in 1885 a second edition of Lord Blackburn's Treatise on Contract 
of Sale, with many valuable chapters added by himself, and the whole brought down to the 
present day. 



Strathblane was erected into a parish at a very early date. The first 
mention of it, "parochia de Strathblachane," is in a document defining the 
boundaries of the parish of Campsie,* the church of which, and certain 
lands, had been granted by the Earl of Lennox — "Alewinus Comes de leuenax 
filius et heres Alewini Comitis de leuenax " ^ — to God, St. Kentigern, the 
Church of Glasgow, and Bishop Walter and his successors. Alewin was Earl of 
Lennox till 1225; Walter was Bishop of Glasgow from 1207 till 1232; and in 
a Bull of Pope Honorius, dated 19th October, 1216,® the Church of "Camsi" is 
mentioned among the possessions of the See of Glasgow. The date when 
Strathblane was a parish can thus be fixed as not later than somewhere between 
1207 and 1 216, and it was probably somewhat earlier. 

There seem to have been no regular parishes, or districts assigned to a 
particular Church, till the time of King David L, 1124-53,* and it is no doubt 
to the Saxon influence from England, which was all-powerful in his reign and 
that of his father, Malcolm, that we owe not only the feudalization of Scotland, 
but also our present parochial system. Hitherto, in Celtic times in Scot- 
land, the land belonged in common to the tribe or family who lived on it, and 
it was parcelled out under certain rules, the Chief having one part, the Church 
another, and the members of the tribe, family, or clan the remainder. All 
these held it under some temporary tenure, certainly never in absolute property, 
and always subject to "redistribution." In fact, the land was "nationalized" 
much in the way which the more moderate Communists of the present day 
desire to have it 

* <^^. Epis, Glas, p. 88. Fines et limites parochie de Campsy: **Cujus quidem ecdesie 
parochia habet fines et limites infrascriptos .... sic prosequendo rectas diuisas terrarum de 
Glaskelli et de Balneglerauch quousque ad rectas metas inter parochiam de Strathblackane et 
de Campsy. 

^ Reg. Epis, Glas, p. 86. ^ Reg* Epis, Glds. p. 94. 

^ Scotland in the Middle Ages^ Innes, p. 132. 


In the Lennox, most probably, the ancestors of the future earls or comes 
were the Chiefs of the Levenani — the tribe or tribes of the district — for although 
it has been contended, as already pointed out, that the Earls of Lennox were 
of Saxon origin, the best authorities have now made it very clear that they 
were Celts. 

Here, however, as elsewhere in Scotland, the power of the Crown began to 
assert itself after the consolidation of the kingdom under Duncan in 1034, and 
particularly so in the time of Malcolm and his Saxon Queen, Margaret Atheling. 
The interests of the Church of Rome also — now for the first time become a 
power in Scotland — were bound up with the monarchy; the Crown, therefore, 
gradually found itself in a position to claim with success the exclusive owner- 
ship of the land. The feudal system was introduced, and the country given 
over in property to Crown vassals in return for services to be rendered by 
them. The great Crown vassals had their sub-vassals, and thus the feudalization 
of Scotland was completed; and as the Crown had succeeded in obtaining 
possession of all the land in Scotland, so the Church, now all-powerful, found 
means to introduce the system of tithes, under which a certain part of the 
produce of the soil became in future an endowment for the clergy. The 
barons or landholders thus held their estates in property under the Crown, 
subject to certain services, and the maintenance of the Church was also secured. 
A grant of the tithes of his estate was made by each baron to the church he 
either found upon it or built, and the estate so tithed became what was after- 
wards called a parish. At this early date the rector or parson of the parish 
served the cure in person and drew for his stipend both the greater and lesser 
tithes.^ One or other of the Earls of the Lennox no doubt so arranged the 
parish of Strathblane. 

It is unknown whether or not St. Blane had a chapel at the well in Killeam 
where he is said to have slaked his thirst and baptized his converts, and which 
lies to the west of the sunny haughs of Duntreath, and it is equally uncertain 
whether or not a chapel was dedicated to St. Kessog or Mackessog at 
the Netherton of Strathblane, where there is still a well named after this 

* The tithes of a parish were divided into two parts. The greater or rectorial tithes — 
" Decimae bladi or Decimae garbales " — were those of the grain, and consisted of the tenth 
sheaf after the corn was ripened and cut. These sheaves were led, or taken, from the harvest 
field by the rector of the parish or those who had a right to them. The lesser or vicarial 
tithes — •* Decimae faeni or Decimae vicariae" — were those of hay, garden stuff, and other tithable 
produce such as Iambs, calves, cheese, etc. In the case of Strathblane the vicar was what was 
called a vicar pensioner, that is to say, he had commuted his tithes for a yearly pension or 
stii)end. Thus both the " Decimae garbales " and the " Decimae vicariae " went together to the 
rector for the time being. In our parish from an early date the rector wa;: represented successively 
by the Hospital of Polmadie, the Cathedral of Glasgow, and the Collegiate Church of Dum- 
barton. The dues for marriages, baptisms, and funerals, and offerings at the altar went usually, 
though by no means always, to the vicar. 


saint,^ but there is no doubt that from early times there was a church on the 
same site as now. On the hillside to the south of the Parish Church stands the 
old village of Edenkill, so named, when Celtic was the language of the Strath, 
from its being "a place sloping towards the church." In a charter by Maldoven 
Earl of Lennox granting lands in Strathblane to Sir David Graham, the expres- 
sion is used, "where the church is built," vbi ecclesia fundata est; and it is 
known from other circumstances that this grant included the part of Strathblane 
where the Parish Church now stands. "The Kirklands/' too, are in the im- 
mediate neighbourhood of it, and on the road which comes up the Strath from 
the west, at the top of the hill, a few hundred yards from the Netherton, 
and where the church first comes in view, stood of old a cross where the 
pilgrim said his first prayer when approaching the sacred edifice. This place 
is still called the "Crossbill."^ It may be that the fine estate afterwards 
called the Kirklands, and comprehending Broadgate, Muirhouse, and originally 
also Ballagan, was a part of the tribal lands of the Levenani belonging to the 
Church and never out of its possession, but it is more probable that it was 
gifted to Strathblane for ecclesiastical purposes by one of the first Earls of 
Lennox, who were devoted sons of the Church. It is certain it was early 
annexed to it 

Strathblane, then, was early in the thirteenth century a regular parish, pro- 
vided with a church, endowed with tithes or teinds, and further enriched with 
valuable lands. The Rector himself served the cure, and no doubt the services 
were conducted with propriety and decorum, the more especially as in all pro- 
bability the Castle of Mugdock, and possibly another at Ballagan, were abodes 
of the pious earls, the parish thus enjoying the advantage of having them as 
"resident heritors." 

^ "Ane well callit Sanct Makkessokis well." This allusion occurs in a deed defining the 
marches of Cult Craigbamet, printed in the appendix. 

> If Strathblane was not dedicated to St. Blaan or Blane or to St. Blaithmaic, or to the 
Virgin Martyr St. Blatha, and it is very improbable that it was to any of them, our most 
likely patron saint is either Saint Patrick, Saint Kessog or Mackessog — both of whom have 
wells in the parish — or Saint Machan, who had several churches dedicated to him in Lanark- 
shire, and also the neighbouring church of Campsie. There is a passage in the will of Walter 
Stirling of Ballagan, who died 6th June, 1549, which, if he was buried in Strathblane 
Churchyard, would certainly prove that the church was dedicated to St. Machan — ** Corpusque 
meum sepeliendum fore in humo Sancti Mathani " — but this may refer to Campsie, where 
also, from the family connection with the place, he was very likely to have been buried. St. 
Patrick's Well is on the Bank of Mugdock, just on the border of Kilpatrick, and perhaps in 
old days, before boundaries were very well defined, it may have been included in that parish ; we 
may perhaps, therefore, conclude that St. Patrick had no special connection with Strathblane. 
St. Mackessog's 'Well is near the old Clachan of Netherton — a very likely spot for the site of 
a church. This Saint was held in great honour in the Lennox, of which he is supposed to 
have been a native, and it is not at all improbable that a very early church in Strathblane 
was dedicated to him. 


But this happy state of affairs did not last long, for before 13 16 the church 
and church lands of Strathblane were gifted to the hospital of Polmadie. 

This was an evil event for the parish. Hitherto the cure had been properly 
served by the Rector, but now both the teinds and the Kirklands were taken for 
the support of the brothers and sisters of Polmadie, and the unfortunate parish 
of Strathblane was either left uncared for or put under the charge of a vicar 
who probably was more intent in collecting with difficulty the lesser tithes, 
if he was allowed to draw them, and his dues for marriages, baptisms, etc, 
upon which with difficulty he kept soul and body together, than in attending 
to the temporal wants of the poor and needy and administering to all the 
consolations of religion. 


The Hospital of St John of Polmadie* was in the parish of Govan, and 
was a foundation for poor men and women. ^ It was governed by a master, 
keeper,^ or rector,* and was in existence in the time of King Alexander HI., 
who died in 1285.* An important part of its endowments was the church 
and Kirklands of Strathblane. 

We have no means of knowing when Strathblane was annexed to it, but 
it certainly was before 13 16, for in that year there is a charter by King 
Robert I.* to the master and brothers and sisters of the hospital, confirming 
to them the privileges they enjoyed in the time of King Alexander, his pre- 
decessor, apparently both as regarded their house and the lands of Strath- 
blane, " terra de Strablathy." There is no record of any further grant to the 
hospital till 1320, when Bishop John Wischart (or Bishop John Lindesay, for 
it is not quite certain who was Bishop at that date) granted to it half of 
the lands of Little Govan.^ In 1333 Malcolm Earl of Lennox confirmed its 
liberties and privileges,^ and this is the first time on record that the Lennox 
family is mentioned in connection with a property which eventually fell into 
their hands. 

***Sancti Johannis de Polmadde." — {Rymers FoederaJ) 

•"Domus paupenim de Polmadde" {Reg, Epis, Glas. pp. 295, 301); '^fratribus et sorori- 
bus Hospitalis de Polmade." — {Reg^ Epis. Glas, p. 225.) 

• ** Polmade . . . . te magistrum ct custodem ejusdem domus." — {Rfg, Epis, Glas. p. 

*** Polmade .... ipsius hospitalis Rectore." — {Rfg* Epis. Glas. p. 327.) 

' Charter by King Robert I. confirming the privileges which the hospital enjoyed " tempore 
Regis Alexandri predecessoris nostri." — {Reg, Epis, Glas, p. 225.) 

^Reg. Epis, Glas., p. 225. 

^ ** Medietatem totius terrc nostre de Pania Gouan." — (AV^. Epis, Glas, p. 229.) 

«AV^. Epis. Glas. p. 248. 



The office of master, keeper, or rector — for it went by all these names — was 
much coveted, but so far as known its occupants never rose to distinction. 
The earliest on record is Sir Patrick, called Floker. He was presented to it in 
1316 by Robert Wischart — the patriot Bishop of Glasgow and friend of both 
Wallace and Bruce — and to enable him to keep the brethren and sisters in 
proper order and correct their faults he was loosed from his charge at Kil- 
patrick on certain conditions.^ 

King Edward II., who claimed both temporal and spiritual rights in Scot- 
land, appointed in 13 19 a number of Englishmen to prebends in Glasgow 
Cathedral, and he appointed also a master to Polmadie, one William de Houk,* 
but it is more than doubtful if the English nominee ever enjoyed any of the 
fruits of office. In 1347 Margaret Logie, King David the Second's young wife, 
who claimed the right of patronage in virtue of a gift, or alleged gift, of 
the Bishoprick of Glasgow made to her by the King, appointed Sir William 
of Kirkintilloch to the mastership,^ and before 1403 the Earl of Lennox, who 
for the second time appears in connection with this hospital, appointed Sir 
William Cuningham, Vicar of Dundonald, to the office. This presentation was 
resented by the Bishop of Glasgow, who threatened the Earl's presentee with 
excommunication if he accepted it* Whether he did so or not does not 
appear; but no doubt the Bishop exercised, as well as claimed patronage, 
for in 1 39 1 he had presented Gilliane de Vaux to a sistership in the house.* 

These conflicts between the Earls of Lennox and the Bishops of Glasgow 
])robably originated in the fact that the two most valuable grants to the 
hospital, viz., the church and Kirklands of Strathblane, and the half lands of 
Little Govan, had been made respectively by an Earl of Lennox and a Bishop 
of Glasgow. Be this, however, as it may, the matter was finally arranged at a 
conference held in the Casde of Edinburgh, between Duncan Earl of Lennox 
and William Bishop of Glasgow, on the 7th January, 1424. The Earl 
there agreed after much discussion, post plura colloquia, to give up to the 
See of Glasgow any rights he had over the hospital of Polmadie and its an- 
nexed church of Strathblane.® 

This was probably the end of the hospital so far as it was used as a home 
for the poor, and its endowments for their relief, and all traces of the old 
building have long ago disappeared. It now remains to show what has be- 
come of its endowments, so far at least as the Kirklands of Strathblane and 

* Reg, Epis, Glas. pp. 223, 224. 

* " Willielmus d,e Houk, de custodia hospitii Sancti Johannis de Polmadde in Cliddesdale. " 
— (Rymtr's Fcedera,) 

^ Reg, Epis. Glas. p. 278. ^Rfg' Epis. Clas, p. 295. 

'' Reg, Epis, Clns, p. 293. * Ref^, Epis, Glas, pji. 359, 360. 



Little Govan or Polmadie are concerned, which were probably its only 
landed property. The history of the Kirklands is given in a previous 
chapter ; that of Little Govan or Polmadie is as follows. 

The whole parish of Govan, in which Polmadie is situated, belonged, both 
lands and teinds, to the Cathedral of Glasgow, and had been soon after 1174 
erected into a prebend. In 1320, however, as already shown, John Bishop of 
Glasgow granted half of his lands of Little Govan to the hospital. This half 
of Little Govan was made up of a portion of Polmadie, and was apparently a 
four merk land of old extent. The part of Govan which still belonged to the 
Cathedral, and which contained the rest of the lands of Polmadie, remained a- 
prebend till the Reformation. In 1577, the lands and churches of the Diocese 
of Glasgow having been tiken possession of or fallen into the hands of the 
Crown, King James VI. granted to the University of Glasgow the church of 
Govan — that is the teinds of Govan — ^and the University of Glasgow is still 
the titular, and enjoys those teinds with the exception of the part of them 
which make up the stipend of the Rev. John Macleod, D.D., the minister of 
the parish.^ 

In 1590 the parish of Govan was feued out to the tenants then upon it, and 
so was the Polmadie part of it.* Both of its divisions — viz., the portion which 
had remained with the rest of Govan the property of the Cathedral up to the 
Reformation and the other portion, the four merk land which by this time, as 
afterwards explained, belonged to the Collegiate Church of Dumbarton — were 
feued out to the same people, families of Mures and Cummings. 

When the possessions of the Collegiate Church of Dumbarton were secular- 
ized the Earls of Lennox became superiors of the whole, including the four merk 
lands of Polmadie. When the Marquis of Montrose in the beginning of the 
eighteenth century bought the regality of the Lennox, he occupied the same 
position, and now, by purchase from James Duke of Montrose by Mr. Spiers 

' Up to the end of 162 1 the Principal of the University of Glasgow was also minister or 
parson of Govan, and served the cure. It was found, however, that this arrangement did not 
work well, as the Principal could not " in ane good maner and sufficient measuie .... fulfil 
the office buth of ane parsoune in the kirk of Govan and of ane doctour in the said Colledge," 
nor could the people of Govan " t>e, as is requisit for their edificatioun, attended, instructed, 
catechized, visited, comforled, governed " without a regular minister living in the pnrish. On the 
20th December, 162 1, the offices were accordingly disjoined and a minister provided for the 
parish, with the manse and glebe and a certain stipend. — Mun, AL Univ. Glas, vol. i. pp. 
215, 216.) 

* In 1606 the feuars of Polmadie (both the Crown part and the Collegiate Church part) 
were ** Georg Mure, merchand burgess of Glasw" and ** Mathew Kumming."— (il///« Al. 
Univ. Glas. vol. i. p. 19Z.) In 1636 there is a Retour of the special service of Margaret 
Mure to her father Mathew Mure in half of the lands (Elderslie Writs), and in the beginning 
of the next century the Cummings still held their half in the i)erson of **Jno Cummins," but 
the Mures had disappeared and *' James Peadie" was in possession of their feu. — (Montrose 
Writs.) It is unnecessary to trace these families any farther. 



of Elderslie in 1793, the present young laird of Elderslie is the superior, the 
Misses Steven of Bellahouston and others being the feuars or possessors in 
property of the hospital's part of Polmadie. 


Having thus disposed of the old hospital of Polmadie, we return to the 
history of the Church of Strathblane, with or without its Kirklands, for as 
explained already (note, p. 127) it is possible that it was the church only 
which was made over to the Bishop. 

The interview between the Bishop of Glasgow and the Earl of Lennox in 
Edinburgh Castle, and the surrender which the Earl made of his rights in the 
old hospital were, no doubt, to pave the way for the erection of the hospital 
and the church of Strathblane into an additional prebend in the Cathedral of 
Glasgow. This the succeeding Bishop, John Cameron, carried out on the 12th 
January, 1427,* and the whole transaction was confirmed by a Bull of Pope 
Martin, dated at Rome, 5th December, 1429.2 

The object of this new prebend was to improve the music in the Cathedral. 
The prebendary, therefore, was to be a thorough musician,* and among his other 
duties was the instruction of four boys for the choir. He was to pay them a 
certain sum yearly, and also out of the income of his prebend he was to 
pay a perpetual vicar, who was to serve the cure in the church of Strath- 
blane, 14 merks Scots =15/6^ sterling; and one merkland of land, 34! 
acres,* Mas to be given to him for a glebe near the church of Strathblane. 
This merkland has retained its name to the present day, being the part of 
Broadgate farm called the "Vicarland." 

The only prebendary who is known for certain to have had any benefit 
from Strathblane was " Magister Robertus Storman canonicus ecclesie Glas- 
guensis ac prebendarius prebende de Strablane," who was a party to an 
ecclesiastical deed, i6th February, 1440.^ It may be he was the first and 
the last who enjoyed it. One would have thought that the Bishop of Glas- 
gow, having acquired Strathblane Church, would have been very un- 
willing to give it up again, but given up it certainly was, about 1453, when 

^ Reg, Epis, Glas. p. 328, and vol. i. p. ci. ^ Reg^ Epis, Gias, p. 326. 

^**Quod dicta prebenda cum contigerit vacare derico idoneo et in cantu bene et notabiliter 
instructu conferatur." 

^This is according to the ordinary computation. 

^ Reg. Epis. Glas. p. 359. The name is printed Stor"= Storman in the " Registrum 
Episcopatus Glasguensis'* of the Maitland Club, but in another copy of the same deed which 
the author has seen the name is written For"' = Forman or Foreman. This copy was taken by 
Mr. John Dillon, a well known antiquaiy of the early part of this century. 


Isabella Duchess-Countess of Lennox, the daughter and heiress of the Earl 
Duncan, who had arranged matters with the Bishop, founded her Collegiate 
Church at Dumbarton. Strange to say, one of the principal endowments of 
this new establishment was the church and Kirklands of Strathblane and the 
lands, or part of them, of Little Govan, or Polmadie. It b nowhere recorded 
how she managed this transaction. 


The provost and prebendaries of the Collegiate Church of Dumbarton were 
thus now, so to speak, the *' Rector of Strathblane," enjoying its Kirklands 
and tithes. Our parish history therefore would be incomplete without some 
account of this venerable establishment. 

Colleges or Collegiate Churches or Provostries — for they were known by 
any of these names — had come very much into fashion about this date. They 
were establishments of the secular clergy, and were the result of the decay of 
religious feeling in Scotland, which, beginning in the fifteenth century, had 
by this time showed itself in many ways, one of them being the want of the 
unselfish spirit which founded monastries of the regular clergy and endowed 
cathedrals and churches for the benefit of all. These Colleges were little else 
in constitution and service than small cathedrals, only their head instead of 
being a Bishop was a Provost or Dean, and in place of being established 
for the good of the people at large, they were intended solely for the 
present and future good of the souls of the founder, his predecessors, and 
successors and friends. There were usually six or eight priests attached to 
them, who were called prebendaries, or, canons or chaplains, and whose 
stipends were drawn from lands gifted to the College, and from the tithes of 
any unfortunate parishes over which the founder had authority. 

The Collegiate Church of Dumbarton* was an establishment for a provost 

^ Augustinus Theiner in his Vetera Muninienia Hibemorum et Scotorum Historiam illustrantia 
gives the Papal authority for the foundation of the Collegiate Church of Hamilton and certain 
other colleges, but is quite silent as to the erection of the Collegiate Church of Dumbarton. 
The printed accounts of this provostry are both meagre and incorrect. The author has failed to 
find the foundation charter among the Dumbarton Writs or elsewhere, and is therefore unable 
to contradict absolutely the assertion made by every writer who notices the Coll^iate Church that 
it was dedicated to St. Patrick. He can only say that in none of the many original documents 
alluding to it which have come under his notice is it called the Collegiate Church of St. Patrick. 
On the contrary, it is always styled the Collegiate Church of the Blessed Virgin Mary of Dumbarton 
or Our Lady College of Dumbarton. Chalmers in his CcUedaniOy and no doubt every succeeding 
writer has copied from him, asserts — and his assertions are well worthy of respect — that the 
Collegiate Church was dedicated to St Patrick, and that six prebends were founded in con- 
nectit^n wiih it ; but the authorities he gives, so far as they can be found, do not bear him out 
either in the dedication or in the number of the prebends. Probably he took his statement in part 
from Spottiswoode*s Religious Houses, where it is said that the College Church of i'umbarton 
was "dedicated to St. Patrick, the Apostle of Ireland, who was born in Lennox." 15ut where 
d«>es Spottiswoode find this? No doubt, however, Chalmers .nnd Spottiswoodc may have had 
access to documents now lost. 



and certain prebendaries or chaplains, with an hospital or almshouse attached 
to it for poor people,^ and manses for the provost and chaplains. The 
Chapel of the Blessed Virgin Mary or Our Lady Chapel was made over by 
the Bailies and Councillors of Dumbarton to the Duchess-Countess for the seat 
of her provostry, and the following interesting documents, translated from the 
original in the archives of the Burgh of Dumbarton, show the terms on 
which she obtained it : — 

" To all and sundry the sons of holy Mother Church, to whose knowledge 
these present letters shall come, the bailies, councillors, community, and co- 
burgesses of the Burgh of Dumbarton, wish salvation, in Him who is the 
true salvation of all : Whereas we are informed, and given to understand, that 
the noble and magnificent lady, Lady Isabella Duchess of Albany and Countess 
of Lennox, for the welfare of the souls of her ancestors and successors, for 
increase and enlargement of Divine worship, is disposed to found and endow 
a college, with provost and ministers suitable for supporting Divine service 
therein, in a place fit and convenient for this purpose, and rather in our burgh 
than elsewhere; We, considering and recognizing the intention and purpose of 
our said lady the Duchess, to be laudable and acceptable to God, and being 
moved and solicited on her behalf, and having taken the advice of experienced 
men thereupon, and held formal deliberation, do grant, give, and by the tenor 
of these presents, do for ever confirm, the chapel of the Blessed Virgin Mary, 
situated in our aforesaid burgh, of which chapel we are the undoubted patrons, 
with the lands, tenements, possessions, and rents belonging to the same, 
together with the waste land recently granted by us to the said chapel, the 
free consent and advice of a discreet man. Sir William of Dumbarton, present 
perpetual chaplain of the said chapel, acceding to this, together with the consent 
and assent of the said lady Duchess, that this chapel be erected and created a 
Collegiate Church, and the free disposition and right of patronage thereof: 
provided, however, that the said Sir William remain for his lifetime with the 
benefits granted to the said chapel and now possessed, except the yards old and 

^ These poor people had in later days considerable difficulty in maintaining their rights, 
thus — "Cuthbert Cunynghame, Provest of the College Kirk of Dumbarton," refused to receive 
a ** beedman," I2th July, 1582. "The Lords decernis and ordanis the said Cuthbert Cunyng- 
hame to ressave the said Coline Schaw to the said beidmanschip and to caus him be 
auswerit of the fruitis and deweteis thairof according to the prestntatioun of Esme Duke of 
Lennox, patroun to ane beidmanschip of the Hospitale of the College Kirk of Dumbertane." — 
{Reg, P» C, o/ScoLy vol. iii. p. 491.) And again, 5th February, 1583-4. "Johnne Patersoun," a 
blind man in the Castle of Dumbarton, complains that though Esme Duke of Lennox presented 
him to **ane beidmanschip of the said College Kirk vaccand be the deceis of umquhile Jonat 
Cuik, last possessour thairof." Cuthbert Cunynghame, Provost thereof, refused to admit him. 
The Lords ordained the Provost to put the complainer into the Beidmanship. — {Reg. P. C, of 
Scot, vol. iii. p. 627.) 

Some account of the foundation of these Bcadmanships, and documents connected there' 
with, will be found in the Appendix. 



new lying about the same, freely granted by us and the said Sir William, for 
manses to be built for the provost and chaplains : and, on his being taken away 
from the midst of us, the advocation and presentation of the said chaplaincy 
in the aforesaid Collegiate Church shall be held only to pertain and belong 
to us and our successors in all times future : In testimony of which thing, we, 
the bailies, councillors, and co-burgesses aforesaid, have caused our common seal 
of our foresaid burgh to be set to these presents : And because I, the said Sir 
William, have not at present my proper seal, I have procured the seal of a 
prudent man, John Palmar, burgess of the said burgh, to be set to these 
presents, in testimony of my consent and assent to all the premises : At Dum- 
barton the eleventh day of the month of May in the year of the Lord a 
thousand four hundred and fifty third : these being witnesses, Murdac Stewart, 
Knight ; Master Dugal of Lochaw, archdean of Argyll ; Sir John of Atheray, 
treasurer of Dunblane; Sir John Rede, vicar of Dumbarton; Sir Andrew M*Beth, 
Sir Maurice Palmar, and Sir Symon Patrickson, chaplains, with many others." 

On the next day, 12th May, 1453, the Duchess-Countess granted the follow- 
ing obligation and bond : — 

"Be it kend til al men be thir presentes letteres, vs Isabell duches of 
Albany and countes of the Leuenax to haue promittit and faythfulli promittis 
and oblisis vs to oure richt welebeloued frendis the baleyeis consale and com- 
munite of the burgh of Dunbertane that forsamekill as thai haue grantit and 
geuyn to vs the chapell of our Lady situate within thair said burghe togydder 
with landis rentis patronage and pertinentis of it — for our college to be erect 
and create in the said chapell, g3rf it sal happin, as God forbede the said 
erectioun to falye, that we sal renunce and gyf our the said chapel with the 
patronage landis rentis possessionis and pertinentis of it to the saidis balyeis 
counsale and communite, sua fra thine furth we haue nane interessis tharin bot 
that we and al ouris be excludit fra al clame and richt propirte and posses- 
sioun of the said chapell with the pertinentis, and fra it excludis vs and ouris 
foreuir be thir our letteres. Geuyn vnder our sele at Inchmuryne the tuelft 
day of Maij the yhere of our lorde m""® cccc""* fyfti and thre yheris."^ 

The lands that went along with this chapel, including the lands of Lady- 
ton in Bonhill,^ were of considerable value, and Sir William of Dumbarton, the 

^ These documents are in excellent preservation, the seals only being awanting. The author 
is much indebted to Mr. Alexander Allan, Town Clerk of Dumbarton, for his courtesy in allow- 
ing him to inspect the writs under his charge, and make copies from the originals. 

'See Appendix for an account of Ladyton. llie Chapel of St. Mary also possessed 
lands that marched with the Colquhoun lands to the east of the burgh. — {Rfg. Afaj^, Sig, 19, 
Jac. IV. 1506, p. 641, No. 3,012.) And in the **Compota ballivorum burgi de Dunbertane" in 
the Exchequer Rolls of Scotland there appears an annual payment of xx.s. — "Viginti solidi 
de firmis dicti burgi "to the chaplain— ** Capellano celebranti in Capella beate Marie Virginis 
infra dictum buigum." 


incumbent of the chapel of the Blessed Virgin when it was an independent 
charge, became, on the presentation of the hailies,^ the first holder of the pre- 
bend formed by its endowments.* The other endowments of the Collegiate 
Church of Dumbarton were the tithes or teinds of Strathblane,^ Fintry, and 
Bonhill, and certain lands* of which the Kirklands of Strathblane were the 
most valuable.* The whole, when arranged and set agoing, was no doubt a 
very pretty establishment, and it was certainly very satisfactory to the Countess 
to have a provost and set of prebendaries, all handsomely endowed, whose sole 
employment was the present and future care of her soul and those of her dead 
relatives ; but for the parishes of Strathblane, Fintry, and Bonhill it was a 
very different matter. They were distinctly robbed of endowments which un- 
doubtedly belonged to them, and which the pious ancestors of the Countess 
had given them to be employed in conducting with propriety the services of 
the church by an efficient and suitably paid priest. 

The site of the Collegiate Church of the Blessed Virgin Mary of Dumbar- 
ton, or Our I^dy College of Dumbarton, as it is sometimes styled, was on the 
banks of the Leven at the south end of the Broad Meadow, a street or vennel, 
now called College Street, connecting it with the burgh.* There were attached 
to the College a mansion house for its provost, with a garden and orchards,'' and 
manses for the chaplains. Standing as the College did close to the Leven, the 
buildings were often endangered by the frequent floods which came down the river, 
and during the time when Robert Maxwell Bishop of Orkney held the provostry, a 
dam or embankment was constructed to turn aside the water at this point. This 
piece of engineering was for long known as the "Bishop's Cast" After the 
Reformation the College Church fell into disuse, and no effort being made to 

1 After the Reformation, the Town of Dumbarton, the Provost of the Coll^ate Church, and 
the Minister of Bonhill had frequent lawsuits about the possession of the endowments of this 
prebend. — (Irving's Book of Dumbartonshire, vol. ii. p. 2i8, in a note.) 

* Sir William of Dumbarton continued to hold this prebend till at least ist July, 1476, for 
on that date in the "Compotum ballivorum burgi de Dunbretane " he gives a receipt for xxs. 
due to " Capellano beate Marie Celebranti in ecclesia Collegiate de 'DwuhttiBii ''-—{Exchequer 
Rolls of Scotland, vol. viii. p. 395. ) 

•The arrangements made for the support of a vicar at Strathblane to serve the cure there, 
when the new prebend of Glasgow Cathedral was formed, were continued now that the tithes 
of the parish belonged to the provostry of Dumbarton. 

*See Appendix. 

* There were occasionally small donations made to the College. Thus when King James IV. 
was in Dumbarton, loth June, 1505, he gave *'To the priests of the CoUec of Dunbartane 
XX sh." — (AV«^ James JV's Household Book,) 

* Irving's Book of Dumbartonshire, vol. ii. p. 149. 

' ** Item the xiiij day of Aprile, giffin to ane cheld that brocht apillis to the King fra the 
Prouest of Dunbartane. — [Accounts oj the Lord High I'reasurer of Scotland, vol. i. p. 329.) 

"Loco sive manerie in qua praepositi ecclesiae coUegiatae de Dumbartane habitabant cum 
hortis et pomariis." — (Dumbartonshire Retouis, No, 15,) 



keep the ** Bishop's Cast" in order, the river, which burst through it in 1590, 
gradually sapped the foundations of the venerable edifice and it fell into ruins, 
part of which were used to raise new embankments against the river and part 
for other secular purposes.^ "The College," as the mound of ruins continued 
to be called, with its last remaining arch — " the College Bow " — was for long 
a sort of public place in Dumbarton.^ In 1850 the Dumbartonshire Railway 
was carried through the Bankend where it stood and the whole was swept 

The Provosts or Deans of the Collegiate Church of Dumbarton were all 
men of position in their day and generation. 


A very early Provost, if not the first, was Master George Abemethy, who 
was in possession of the provostry before 6th November, 1461, on which day 
there was a charter in his favour by John Duncansone, burgess of Dumbarton, 
of an annual rent of twenty shillings from a house in the burgh.^ He is also 
witness to a charter by David Earl of Crawford of certain lands to Herbert de 
Johnestoune, dated at Edinburgh, 26th February, 1463.* George Abernethy was 

^ " Item, that the hoills in the Kirk Vennel be helpit and fillit up w' erd and staines fra 
the CoUedge.*' — {Records of the Burgh of Dumbarton^ Joseph Irving, 22nd April, 1628, p. 26.) 

' *' The twentie-nynt day of May, appointed be Act of Parliament to be kept in all tyme coming 
as ane memoriall of his majesties restaumtione to the exercise of his royal authoritie. Thiiirfor 
it is ordainit that the inhabitants in the Croce Vennell contribait for ane bonfyre to be at the 
CoUedge, 28th May, 1664." — [Records of the Burgh of Dumbarton^ p. 83.) 

On the 29th May, 1669, there were four *' grit bonfyres " on the same anniversary, one of 
which was at "the Colledge." — {Records of the Burgh of Dumbarton^ p. 85.) 

'**The College Bow," as the arched gateway, the last remnant of the old Collegiate 
Church, was called, was carefully removed, and being re-erected formed the gateway of the old 
public school, and on it is incised the following incorrect and somewhat absurd legend : — 











When the new academy was built on the opposite side of Church Street, the old school area 
and other property was acquired by the managers of the Scottish Episcopal congregation in 
Dumbarton, and the "College Bow" now forms the entrance to the house occupied by the 
incumbent of St. Augustine's Chapel. 

* Craigbarnet Charter, printed in Stirlings of Keir^ p. 238. 
^ Reff. Mag, Sig, 4, Jac. III. 1463. 



a cadet of the family of Saltoun, and nearly related to Margaret Abemethy, the 
wife of John Stirling of Craigbarnet, whose son William Stirling was first of 
Glorat and the Kirklands of Strath blane. The Provost was among those 
present at Balloch on the 27th July, 1473, when John Lord Damley had sasine 
of the principal messuage and half of the Earldom of Lennox, and he was 
again at Balloch on the loth October of the same year, when a royal letter 
was delivered to the tenants of Lennox commanding them to obey " oure 
hertly belouyt cousyn Johne Erie of Leuenax and Lord Demlie."^ In the 
following year he had a dispute with John Cardross, curate of the Parish 
Church of Dumbarton, alleging that the latter had inhibited the parishioners, 
on pain of excommunication, from frequenting or paying oblations in the 
Collegiate Church.^ Provost George Abemethy died before i6th June, 1479, 
for at that date Master Walter Abemethy was in possession.* 


Provost Walter Abemethy was " carnal " son of Provost George Abemethy,* 
and the first notice of interest we find of him is in a commission by Pope 
Sixtus IV., dated at Rome, 17th January, 1483, the object of which was to 
inquire into the propriety of feuing oflf lands belonging to the Abbey of 
Paisley.^ The commissioners, who are styled in a succeeding deed "venera- 
biles et circumspecti viri Magistri Johannes Crechton precentor ecclesie Glas- 
gwensis et Walterus Abbirnethe prepositus ecclesie collegiate de Dunbartan," 
reported favourably of the scheme in 1488.^ In 1493 the Provost's house 
and farm were "berried," though apparently he recovered his goods and cattle, 
or the value of them, for it is recorded that George Robisone was ordained 
to make restitution to " Maister Walter Abimethy, Prouest of Dunbertane," 
**anent the xvj oxin five ky four stirkis four skore twa scheip, the breking 
of the said Maister Walters chawmer and takin out of the samyn of a conter, 
twa fedder beddis, a dobl'e curlet of sey, a pare of ffustiane blankatis, a bankure 
(a stool or bench covering) four cuschings, twa grapis of siluer, a spone owr- 
gilt, and certane utheris gudis."^ 

On the 1 8th March, 1502, the Provost was in Edinburgh, and was a witness 
to the charter by Mathew Earl of Lennox, to John Stirling of the lands of 

^ Both deeds at Buchanan Castle, and printed at pp. 98 and loi of The Lennox^ by W. 

^ Book of Dumbartonshire^ Joseph Irving, vol. ii. p. 148. 

^ Exchequer Rolls of Scotland^ vol. viii. p. 635. * Stirlmgs of Keir^ p. 238, etc. , etc. 

* Reg. Mon, de Passelet, p. 258. ® Reg, Mon, de Passelei^ p. 261. 

"^ Acta Dam. ConciliU 25ih Octol)er, 1493, p. 31$. 



Craigbarnet and others, the holding in future to be blench in place of ward 
as before.^ In 1506 he was again in Edinburgh, and a witness along with 
the Earl of Lennox and John Stirling of Craigbarnet to a charter by William 
Crawfurd of Ferme, in favour of his son Walter Crawfurd.' On the 23rd 
October, 1507, we find him cited before the Archbishop and Chapter of Glas- 
gow for refusing to pay Sir Humphrey Cunninghame his salary for serving 
the cure of Strathblane,^ and in 15 12 he was defending an action raised against 
him by Mr. Martin Reid, Chancellor and official of Glasgow, in respect of cer- 
tain teinds the Chancellor claimed from him> 

These Provosts Abemethy — father and son — were closely connected with the 
Earls of Lennox and Stirlings of Craigbarnet, and when John Stirling in 1508 
endowed a chaplain to serve in the chapel of the Virgin Mary "within his 
place and manor of Craigbemard," one of his duties was to pray for the souls 
of Mathew Earl of Lennox and George Abemethy, Provost of the Collegiate 
Church of Dumbarton. 


The next Provost on record is Master James Stewart He was installed 
on the 24th August, 1518. The Protocol Book of "Master Matthew Forsyth" 
narrates how on that day ** Master James Stewart, Provost of the Collegiate 
Church of Dunbartane," having in his hands letters of collation by the Arch- 
bishop of Glasgow to the said church, required a venerable man. Master Patrick 
Schaw, Rector of Cardross, to give him possession of the Provostry according to 
the said letters of collation. These letters were handed to " Sir Robert Cochrane, 
vicar of Strablane," notary public, to be read, and this he did in a loud and 
intelligible voice in presence of the parties, and of John Earl of Lennox and 
Lord Damley, patron of the Provostry. The said Master Patrick then gave 
possession and institution, placed the Provost in his stall on the north side 
of the choir and in his place in the chapter.^ 

Master James Stewart, who was thus installed, was no doubt one of those 
relatives of the Earls of Lennox for whom were carefully kept the ecclesiastical 
preferments of the earldom. On the 23rd August, 15 12, he was rector of 
Cardross,^ and at the feast of Crispin and Crispinian (25th October) of the 

'^ Reg' Mag, Sig. 15, Jac. IV. 1502. 
^ Reg. Mag, Sig. 19, Jac. IV. 1506. 

* Diocesan Register of Glasgow^ vol. ii. p. 218. 
^ Diocesan Register of Glasgow ^ vol. ii. p. 451. 
^Dennistoun MS., Adv. Library. 

* Chirfs of Colquhoun, Wm. Fraser, vol. ii. p. 323. 


same year he was elected Rector of the University of Glasgow under the style 
of Canon of Glasgow and Rector of Cardross.^ In 15 18, as just shown, he was 
put in possession of the Provostry of Dumbarton, and in 1521 and 1522 — now 
under the style of Provost of the Collegiate Church of Dumbarton — he was re- 
elected Rector of the University.^ Provost Stewart was a useful Rector. On 
his suggestion certain irregularities in the taking of Degrees were amended, and 
the old custom of one of the Regents going with the students to church, 
of a nightly inspection of their rooms and other old regulations, were again put 
in force. He also obtained for the members of the University some exemption 
from taxation, and had the accounts of the University properly audited. On 
the 25th February, 1522-3, he was no longer Provost of the Collegiate Church, 
his successor being instituted that day. He was, however, soon to obtain 
higher preferment, for, through the influence of the Duke of Albany, Regent of 
Scotland, he was appointed Abbot of Dry burgh 13th December, 1523; the 
Regent giving as a reason, that it was necessary to appoint one "who would 
zealously rebuild the monastery, the whole country being wasted by the English, 
who spare neither sex nor age." ^ 

There is little or nothing to tell of the doings of Master James Stewart in 
Dumbarton, save that on the 24th October, 15 18, he gave a tack of the Kirk- 
lands of Strathblane (part of the property of the Collegiate Church), with consent 
of the Earl of Lennox, to William Stirling of Glorat,* and this was no doubt 
one of the alienations of the Church's lands against which Master Robert Max- 
well, the succeeding Provost, protested on his entry to the provostry.^ 


Robert Maxwell was second son of John Maxwell of Pollok and Elizabeth 
Stewart* In 1508 he was Vicar of Erskine.*^ Before 15 17, and doubtless 

^ Munimenta Univ, Glas.^ vol. ii. p. 126. 

^ Munimenta Univ, Clas.^ vol. ii. pp. 139 and 147. 

' Papers temp. Henry VI IL Brit. Mus. 

* Glorat Writs. * Dennistoun MS. Adv. Lib. 

•In the Memoirs of the Maxwells of Pollok^ 1863, vol. i. p. 22, Mr. Fraser says — "This 
laird of Pollok married Elizabeth Stewart, daughter of John, first Earl of Lennox, of the house 
of Darnley ; " and Burke's Peerage and Baronetage^ in an article drawn from the same work, 
styles her ^^ Lady Elizabeth Stewart, daughter of John Earl of I^nnox." This high lineage 
is not, however, confirmed in The Lennox^ 1874, also by Mr. Fraser (vol. i. p. 328). It is 
unnecessary, however, to inquire too closely who she was, though no doubt she was connected 
in some way with the Lennox family. In a deed printed in the Maxwell Book^ vol. i. p. 258, 
she is styled **ane honorable woman Elizabetht Steward ladye of Neddyr Pollok and modyr to 
the sayd Georgis," George being George Maxwell of Cowglen, younger brother of Robert, the 
Provost of the Collegiate Church of Dumbarton. 

'^ Reg, Mag, Sig, 20, Jac. IV. 1508. 


through the influence of his mother, who was of the Lennox race, he was 
appointed Rector of Tarbolton.^ In 15 19 he was a Canon of Glasgow, Chan- 
cellor of Moray, and Rector of the University of Glasgow.* On the 25th 
February, 1522-3 he was instituted to the Provostry of the Collegiate Church of 
Dumbarton, as already shown. Two years afterwards, on the 25th January, 
1525-6, he was Postulate of Orkney, and by the 27th June of the same year 
he was installed Bishop of that diocese.^ 

This Provost and Bishop was an excellent man, and in every position of life 
threw himself heartily into his work. Thus, he was no sooner made Rector of 
the University of Glasgow than he interested himself in improving the insignia 
of his office, and presented the University with a new staff or baton for the 
Rector's use on lesser occasions.^ At Dumbarton he constructed works on the 
Leven to turn aside the course of the stream and prevent it from sapping the 
foundations of the Collegiate Church.'^ This " dyke and watergang " was named 
the "Bishop's Cast" At his Cathedral of St. Magnus in Kirkwall he built 
stalls for the prebendaries, and made other additions to the building, besides 
putting in a famous peal of bells, and even in his old age " his hand was " still 
'' in the mortar tub," for one of the last acts of a useful life was the re-building 
the towers of old Pollok Castle for his young relatives, John Maxwell of 
Cowglen and Elizabeth Maxwell of Pollok, spouses. 

This young couple had been a special care of the good Provost He had 
interested himself in bringing about their marriage and thus uniting the two 
branches of the Pollok family, getting the necessary Papal dispensation, and 
arranging all the preliminaries of the ceremony, which took place about 1535, 
when both bride and bridegroom were under age. Among the Pollok Writs 
is a notarial instrument upon their marriage. It was executed in the College 
Church of Dumbarton, i6th January, 1535 — '* Johannes Maxwell, filius et heres 
quondam Georgii Maxvel de Cowglen, et Elizabetht alias Besseta Maxvell de 
Nedder Pollok comparentes apud ostium australe Ecclesie Collegiate Beate Marie 
propc Dunberten." There were also present at this ceremony Magister Jacobus 

* Reg, Mag, Sig, 4, Jac. V. 1517. ' Mun, Univ, GUu, vol. ii. pp. 136-138. 

' These dates are confirmed by original receipts kt Pollok. — (Memoirs of the Maxwells^ 
vol. i. p. 403.) 

* " Quo die venerabilis et egregias vir Magister Robertus Maxwell Cancellarius Moraviensis 
Canonicusque Glasguensis ac afme Universitatis eiusdem Rector, dedit, donavit, et concessit 
Universitate unum baculum arundineum in superiori inferiori ac mediis partibus deargentatum 
pro perpetuo apud universitatem remansurum deferendum coram rectore diebus dominicis et aliis 
testis minoribus aliisque congregracionibus et vocadonibus ut moris est." — {Mun, Unvv, Gias,^ 
vol. ii. p. 137.) 

' ** The old dyke and watergang formerly made by umquhile the Bishop of Orkney and 
head of the Collegiate Church of said bur^h for the time." — (Charter of Rights and Privileges 
by King James VI., quoted from Irving's Book of Dumhartonshire^ vol. ii. p. 24.) 


Houstoun, Sub-dean of Glasgow, Walter Maxwell of Akynheid, Walter Crawfurd 
of Ferm, William Maxwell of Kervedrig, John SmoUat, Thomas Fallusdaill, 
John Palmer, Burgesses of Dunbarton, and Sirs (Domini) Thomas Palmer, 
James Fallusdaill, John Ayknheid, Winfrid Lyndesay, chaplains, and many 

About 1536 King James V. made a progress through the north of Scotland 
and visited Kirkwall, and it is recorded that the Bishop of Orkney entertained 
him there with great splendour. One of the last acts of this Provost, connected 
with Strathblane, was on the 12th August, 1537, when he directed a precept to 
Walter Stirling of Ballagan and others for infefting George Stirling in all and 
whole the Kirklands of Strathblane "terras meas ecclesiasticas de Straeblane." 
This deed was signed at Dumbarton before James Demimpill, John Flemyne, 
and others.* 

This distinguished Bishop and Provost of the Collegiate Church of Dum- 
barton died before 26th March, 1541.^ 


The next Provost of the Collegiate Church was Robert Stewart, second 
son of John, third (Stewart) Earl of Lennox, and Elizabeth Stuart, daughter of 
John, first Earl of Athole. He was quite a youth when he received the 
appointment, but young as he was — " admodum adolescens ** — he had soon 
higher preferment in the Church, for in 1542 he was advanced to the Bishopric 
of Caithness.* In one of the Kirklands Charters, dated 19th April, 1544, he is 
styled "Robart be the mercie of God Elect Bishop of Kaitness and Provest of 
out Lade Colleg of Dunberten." In this very year, however, he forfeited both 

^ Memoirs of the Maxwells of Pollok^ vol. i. p. 269. ' Kirklands Writs. 

■ Memorandum of the delivery of certain articles of furniture which belonged to the late 
Robert Maxwell, Bishop of Orkney, by his executors to John Maxwell of Pollok — ** This is 
the geir onder writtin that Johnne Maxwell Lard of Nether PoIIok resaivet fra Watte Robisone, 
beidman in the Collage of Dunbertane, owt of the sammyn Collage at the command of the 
executouris of vmquhill Bischap Robert Maxwall of Orknay and Prowest of Dunbertane, 
videlicit, Walter Maxwall of Aikinheid and William Maxwall of Camwoderik : Item, imprimis 
ane stand bed of estland burd ; Item ane makill pot ; Item the maist ark, ane brandress of 
ime, the maist chymnay of ime, ane girdill, ane baikstule, ane maskin fat, with three gile 
fattis, ane counter, ane harthorne, ane copburd, ane chiyr, and I the said Johnne Maxwall of 
Neddir Pollok resaivit this forsaid geir at the command of the executouris the xxvj day of 
Marcij the Zer of God Mv*=xli Zere befor thir witnes Thomas Fallowsdaill, George Abirnelhye, 
Thomas Wicaris and Thomas Leche." (Signed) Johnne Maxwall of Neddir Pollok. — {Memoirs of 
the Maxwells of Pollok^ vol. i. p. 283.) 

^ Robert Stewart was elected Bishop of this See (Caithness) the same year his predecessor 
died. — Rymer, This is likewise confirmed by letters to the Lord Governor, who takes notice 
to the Pope on 12th December, 1544, how His Holiness three years ago committed to this Robert 
the administration of the Cathedral Church of Caithness, "admodum adolescens.'* — Keith's Cata- 
logtu of Scottish Bishops^ p. 215. 


Provostry and Bishopric through sharing in the traitorous plottings of his 
brother, Mathew Earl of Lennox with King Henry VIII., and he retired to Eng- 
land with the Earl in May, 1544, On the 2nd September, 1545, in a Parlia- 
ment held in Edinburgh, ** Master Henrie Lauder, advocat," presented "befor 
the Lordis Commissionaris of Parliament ane summondis of tressoun dewlie 
executit and indorsate rasit at the instance of the Queenis Grace and hir 
tutour the Gouvornour forsaid aganis Maister Robert Stewart elect of Cathnes 
brother germane to Mathow Erie of Levnox for certane poyntis of tressoun and 
crymes of lese maieste." This summons to appear and take his trial had been 
duly made "at the mercat croce of Dunbertane be Peter Thomsoun, Bute 
persevant '* ; and ** aft the mercat croces of Invemes and Domocht, principale 
Cathedral Kirk of the Diocy of Cathnes." ^ The Provost, however, as was no 
doubt expected, did not appear either at this or a succeeding sitting of Parlia- 
ment at the " Burght of Lynlythgw " on the 28th September. The Com- 
missioners of Estates, therefore, at their session on the i8th October of the 
same year, were about to pass sentence on him when "my Lord Cardinale 
(Beatoun) protestit that, howbeit they rasit summondis of treson aganis the 
elect of Cathnes, that is ane spirituale man, that it should not be preiudiciale 
to the spirituale priuilege in the proces ellis depending befor him that is his 
ordinar." This claim of the Cardinal Archbishop that the case should be tried 
in the Church Courts was thought reasonable, and it was agreed that "no 
forther process suld be had therin," "bot that the ordinar proceid as requiris."^ 
The form of trial in the spiritual court is not recorded, but the result of it was 
that both Provostry and Bishopric were taken from the accused, Sir David 
Hamyltoun being appointed to the former and Master Alexander Gordon, 
brother of the Earl of Huntly, to the latter.^ 

^The Bishop's Castle and the Church of St. Gilbert, the Cathedral of the diqcese of Caith- 
ness, were at Dornoch. The ruins of the former show that it was a large building. The 
Cathedral, which was built by Bishop Gilbert Murray in the thirteenth century, was burnt down 
by John, Master of Caithness in 1570, but was afterwards rebuilt, and is now in use as the 
Parish Church. Bishop Gilbert, the founder of the Cathedral, was possessed of the gift of 
performing miracles. He restored to speech a dumb man, and healed many sick, and when 
the tacksman of the salmon fishings of the diocese was in danger of being unable to pay his 
rent through lack of fish the Bishop attracted them to the river by washing his holy hands 
therein. After his death he was canonized and became the patron saint of his Diocese and 

•Act Par., Marie, a.d. 1545. 

'This churchman is styled in a grant by Queen Mary, dated 23rd September, 1545, "Master 
Alexander Gordoun, Postulate of Cathnes." In 1547 he is still styled ''Postulate of Cathnes." 
In 1548 Robert, Bishop elect of Caithness, and others find surety to appear before the Civil 
Court to answer for seizing upon and keeping from Master Alexander Gordoun, Postulate of 
Caithness, his house and place of Scrabister and other fruits of the Bishoprick.— (Pitcaim*s 
Criminal Trials^ vol. i. p. 337.) In 1550 and afterwards Robert Stewart styles himself in 
charters either Bishop, Bishop elect and confirmed, or ** Bishop of Cathanes. Sir Robert 
Gorflon records, in his Genealogy of the Earh of Stttherlaml, that ** Bishop Robert Stuart 


Robert Stewart very soon repented of his " diuerse crymes," or at all events 
from his exile in the South turned a longing eye to his pleasant house, garden, 
and orchard at Dumbarton, and his Castle and Cathedral of St Gilbert at 
Dornoch, with the ample emoluments of the See of Caithness. He therefore 
sued for a remission to the Privy Council, and got it before the month of July, 
1546,^ but he did not at once get back his Provostry and Bishopric, though he 
had the offer of a pension " of als meikile proffett yeirlie as he mycht haif 
spendit baith of his Bishopric and Provostrie at the time of his de])airting furth 
of this realme." This did not please him ; he wanted complete reinstatement, 
and though reminded by the Privy Council on the 15th September, 1546, that 
in order to get his pardon he had '' submittit himself in every behalf to tak sik 
appuntnament as wald pleis my Lord Govemour and Lordis of Counsall to 
mak him," and also that " my Lord Govemour " after his passing " to the 
realme of Ingland and pairt-takin with his brouther had namyt be vertew of 
ane Act of Parliament sertane personis to be providit to all beneficis" that 
had belonged to him, he remained dissatisfied and '^refusit to stand at his 
submissioun.*' ^ 

Meanwhile things in the Diocese of Caithness were not going smoothly 
with Master Alexander Gordon, the postulate. Immediately on his appoint- 
ment the Earl of Caithness and others had seized the lands, rents, and 
houses of the Bishopric, and refused to give them up to him, alleging 
that they held them for Robert Stewart When they were dispossessed 
by the Earls of Huntly and Sutherland matters did not improve, for Bishop 
Robert, failing, as we have seen, to get restitution from the Privy Council, 

was repossessed in his owne Bishoprick, and Alexander Gordoun made Archbishop of Glasgow, 
which he keipt not, hot wes takin from him agane by the Hamiltoune faction," and no doubt 
he is right. Gavin Dunbar, Archbishop of Glasgow, died in 1547, and Bishop Alexander 
Gordon was chosen his successor, and " went to Rome ther to be confirmed in that dignitie. 

In the meantym some dissention happened betwein the Quein Regent and the 

Earle of Arran for the government of Scotland .... and because Bishop Alexander 
Gordoun assisted the Quein Regent and her partie the Earle of Arran dispossessed him of the 
Archbishoprick of Gizsgovi.^*— {Gordon ^ p. 290.) The Bull of Pope Julius III., confirming 
the resignation of " venerabilis frater noster Alexander, Episcopus nuper Glasguensis Archie- 
piscopus," is dated at Rome, September, 1551.-— (^<r^. Epis, Glas, p. 567.) "Yet in recom- 
pense thereof" he **wes made Bishop of the Isles and Abbot of Inchaffray, and least he 
should lose the title and dignitie of ane Archbishop the Pope did institute him Archbishop of 
Mhttis,"— [Gordon^ p. 290.) From 1554 to 1562 he appears on record as Archbishop of 
Athens, Bishop Postulate of the Isles, and Perpetual Commendator of the Abbies of Inch- 
affray and Icolm Kill (Origines Par.y vol. ii. p. 293), and on the death of Bishop Andrew 
Durie **he was made Bishop of Galloway by the Queinis gift" {Gordon^ p. 137), and "so he 
continued vntill his death (the year of God 1576) Archbishop of Athence, Bishop of Galloway, 
and Abbot of Inchaffray." — {Gordon^ p. 290.) Robert Stewart was thus in repossession of 
his Bishopric of Caithness before 1550, and Alexander Gordon, Bishop of the Isles and Arch- 
bishop of Glasgow before the same date, ended his days as Archbishop of Athens and Bishop 
of Galloway. 

^ Reg. P, C. of Scot., vol. i. p. 35. " R^^* P- G. of Scot, ^ vol. i. p. 41. 


took another way of gaining his ends, and before March, 1548, assisted by 
Sir John Mathesoune, Chancellor of Caithness, Hercules Barculay, Rector of 
Cannisby, and others, vi ei armisy gave himself institution and possession of 
his Diocese regardless of legal forms, and treated with contempt a protection 
granted by the Queen to Alexander Gordon.^ The end of the matter was 
that "might overcame right," and Bishop Stewart was reinstated in his Diocese 
of Caithness before 1550, and Bishop Alexander Gordon was made Archbishop 
of Glasgow. 2 

After the assassination of the Regent Murray in 1570 the Comroendatorship 
of the Priory of St. Andrews was conferred on the Bishop and Provost,* who 
thereupon made an arrangement by which he paid yearly " to our soverane 
Lord'' two thousand pounds **as for the thrid and superplus of the Piyorie 
of Sanct Androis by and attour the sustening of the ministrie, as also the 
haill thrid of the Bishoprik of Catnes."* 

It is nowhere recorded how or when Robert Stewart recovered his position 
and emoluments as Provost of the Collegiate Church of Dumbarton, but the 
Rirklands Writs show that he was possessed of them, and issued charters 
under the style of bishop and provost before the Reformation. 

Robert Stewart from first to last had a curious chequered life. ''Born with 
a silver spoon in his mouth," he had early two valuable church preferments in 
his possession, but hardly had he tasted their sweets before he was under a 
cloud and in exile. By vigour and self-reliance he soon regained his position 
in the Church and acquired an equally high one in the State, being constantly 
a member of the Privy Council of Scotland, during the reigns of Queen Mary 
and King James VI.^ He was a staunch adherent of the Roman Catholic 
Church in 1558, and as such attended the trial and was '^ consenting to the 
death " of Walter Myln — the old priest and last Scottish martyr — who was burnt 

^Genealogy 0/ the Earls of Sutherland^ p. iii, etc., and Pitcairn's Criminal Trials, vol. i. 
p. 337. 

* See note about Alexander Gordon, p. 183. 

* " Ws Rob. be the mercy of God Bischope of Caithnes, Commendatare of the Pryorie of 
Sanctandrois. ... 6th Feb., 1571." — Reg. Mag. Sig. 5, Jac VI. 157 1-2. 

*JP<f. P, C. of Scot,, vol. iii. p. 179. 

'In May, 1547, an Act of the Privy Council bears the signature of " Cathanensis."— (A*^^. 
P* C, of Scot, y vol. i. p. 73.) In June, 1553, Robert Stewart was sitting as a Privy G>uncil]or 
at a meeting at Perth. — {Reg, P. C. of Scot., vol. i. p. 141.) In July, 1569, he was present 
at the Convention of Estates at Perth.— (^^. P. C. of Scot., vol. iL p. 2.) For the first 
half of 1578 he sat at the Council Board as Bishop of Catthness.—iReg, P. C. of Scot., vol. ii. 
pp. 681, S33, 684, 707.) By the 29th of July of that year he had been created Earl of Lennox, 
and sat as such. — (Reg. P. C. of Scot., vol. iii. pp. 15, 18, 240, etc.) After 5tn March, 
1579-S0 he appears among the Councillors as Earl of March, the title he received aAer he 
resigned the Earldom of Lennox, and which had been conferred on Esme Count uf Aubigny. — • 
(Rig. P. C. of Scot., vol. iii. pp. 387, 388, etc., etc) 

2 A 


at the stake at St. Andrews on the 28th April, 1558,^ but by 1563 he wafs 
a member of the Reformed Church, "preaching of the gospell and planting pf 
kirks."^ In 1572, along with such men as John Wynrime, David Lindesay, 
Robert Pont, John Row, and others, " brethren and fellow members in Jesus 
Christ," he was deputed by the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland to 
answer certain questions put by John Knox, and a few months afterwards, when 
the great Scottish Reformer was on his deathbed, he was among his last 

In 1578, two years after the death of his nephew, Charles, fifth (Stewart) 
Earl of Lennox, brother of the ill-fated Darnley, the Earldom was bestowed on 
Robert Stewart, and the Provost, Bishop, and Prior became Robert, sixth Earl 
of Lennox. 

In March, 1579-80, to suit the purposes of his grand-nephew, King James 
VI., who wished to confer the Earldom of Lennox on his nephew and favourite, 
Esme Lord of Aubigny, Robert Stewart resigned it into His Majesty's hands, 
and before 23rd May, 158 1, he received in lieu of it the Earldom of March.* 

But though blessed with an ample fortune and high rank the Earl's domestic 
life was not happy. He had an unfaithful wife, Elizabeth Stuart, the beautiful 
widow of Hugh, sixth Lord Lovat, and daughter of John, fourth Earl of Atholl. 
She was seduced by James Stewart, the talented but unprincipled Earl of 
Arran who, all powerful as he was, obtained a decree of divorce against the 
injured husband, and the guilty pair were married, greatly to the scandal of all 
ranks of the people. 

It is recorded that this old Provost of the Collegiate Church of Dumbarton,* 

' IVorJS^s of John Knox, David Laing, vol. i. p. 551. 

' Calder wood's History of the Kirk of Scotland, vol. i. p. 224. 

' Works of John Knox, vol. vi. pp. 622, 640. 

^At a meeting of the Privy Council, 23rd May, 1 581, the sederunt consisted, among others, 
of '* Robertus Comes Marcie" and "Esme Comes de Lennox.** 

° According to Bishop Keith, it is very doubtful if Robert Stewart *' was ever dulj^ and 
according to the constant invariable usage of the primative Catholic Church, vested with 
any sacred character at all"; and then he goes on to say — "Yet it is a little diverting to 
observe how the men at the helm of public affairs in those days grant commission to him to 
assist in the consecration of other men to the sacred office of Bishops. I persuade myself the 
preamble of the following commission will surprise most people : — ** . . . Our sovereign 
L.ord with advice, etc, ordains ane letter to be made under the Great Seal in due form direct 
to the Reverend Father in God, Robert Bishop of Caithness, and the Superintendents .of 
Angus, Fife, Lothian, or any utheris lauchful Bischopis and Superintendents within the realme 
. . . . commanding them to consecrate the said Mr. John Douglas electit as said is ane 
Bischop and pastour of the Metropolitan Kirk of St. Androis ... at Leeth the 9th 
day of February the year of Gtxi 1571.** — (Keith's Cat€dogui of Scottish Bishops, p. 2 1 5.) An 
account of the inauguration of Mr. John Douglas is given at page 206, vol. iii., of Calderwood's 
History of the Kirk of Scotland, where it is stated that " the Bishop of Calhnesse, Mr. John 
Spotswod, superintendent of Lothian, and Mr. David Lindsay, dttmg with the rector (John 
Douglas) upon a furme before the pulpit at the time of the sermoun, layed their hands on oimt 
and embraced him, in sign of admissi^un to the Archbishoprick.'* 


who $eems to have continued in favour with his relative King James,^ spent 
the latter years of his life in quiet and study at St. Andrews,^ and that he died 
childless ''the 29th day of August, the yeir of God 1586, and wes bureid in 
St Leonard his CoUedge at St Andrews wher h^ departed this mortal! lyff."^ 


We must now retrace our steps to the year 1545, when by Act of Parliament 
**My Lord Govemour," James Hamilton, Earl of Arran, was empowered to 
name persons to fill the benefices which had been held by Provost and fiishop 
Robert Stewart, and forfeited by his complicity in the plots of his brother, the 
Earl. We have already shown how Alexander Gordon was appointed to his 
Bishopric of Caithness; it remains to show how the Provostry of the Collegiate 
Church of Dumbarton was filled up. 

Hitherto the Earls of Lennox had been patrons of it, but the forfeiture of 
Earl Mathew in 1545 included not only his lands and superiorities, but also the 
patronage of the Provostry of Dumbarton. This right, Arran, the Governor, in 
virtue of the powers conferred on him, made over to his brother, John 
Hamilton, Abbot of Paisley, Archbishbp of St Andrews and Primate of 

The relatives and friends of the Lennox race had for long held the Provostry. 
It was only natural, therefore, that when the house of Hamilton came into power, 
her clerical children should not be neglected. Accordingly Sir David Hamyltoun 
stepped into the office vacant by the expulsion of Robert Stewart It is im- 
possible to determine accurately who Sir David Hamyltoun was, though there 
is reason to believe that he belonged to that branch of the house which was 
represented by Sir Andrew Hamilton of Cochna. On the 27th February, 
1549-50, "Sir David Hamyltoun, Provost of the Collegiate Church of Dun- 
bartane," is mentioned in a deed of sasine in favour of John Cochran as heir 
of Ninian Knox, sometime citizen of Glasgow, of a tenement, garden, and acre 

^25th October, 1582. The King nominates and **appointis and ordanis his Hienes dearest 
onlie greit uncle Robert Erll of Mirche to have place and vote in Counsele at sic tymes as he 
sail happin to be present with his Majestie." — {Reg, P, C. cf Scoi,, vol. iii. p. 522.) 

* History of the Stewarts^ Andrew Stuart, p. 245. 

* Genealogy of the Earls of Sutherland^ p. 124. Crawford in his Peerage^ p. 310, gives the 
date of his death as 29th March, 15S6, and Mr. Andrew Stuart and Mr. Fraser m their respective 
works adopt the same date. 

^ Regina . . • concessit et quitteclamavit Johanni Archiepisc. S. Andree, Abbati de 
Paslay • . . jus patronatus ecclesie collegiate de Dunbertane, ac prebendarum et capel- 
laniarum hospitalis et pauperum oratonun lie bedmen vie. Dunbertane. Regine pertinen. ob 
foTis£Bu:turam Mathei oliro Com. de Levenax. A pud Edin., 12 Mar., 1^^1-2,— {Reg. Ma^. Stg,, 
10 Mar., A.D. I55I-52.) On the restoration of £ari Mathew to his estates and honours m 1564 
the patronage of the Collegiate Church of Dumbarton returned to the family of Lennox. 


of land lying on the east side of the High Street of Glasgow, and on the same 
day, an hour later, he was witness to another deed which narrates how ** John 
Cochran, for reasonable causes and a sum of money paid by an honourable 
man, Andrew Hammiltoune, captain of the Castie of Dunbartane, conveyed 
with consent of the said Andrew, the said tenement, garden, and acre of ground 
to Anne Crawfurde, spouse of the said Andrew Hammiltoune, and thereafter 
she conveyed the same to Glodius Hammyltoune, her son, reserving her 
liferent." i 

Sir David Hamilton continued Provost of the Collegiate Church up to 26th 
November, 1552,^ and thereafter we lose sight of him; and before 30th August, 
1557, Robert Stewart was again in possession.' 


It is a little uncertain when the next Provost succeeded, and whether he 
was in orders or not. He was a son of John Cunninghame of Drumquhassle, a 
Strathblane laird in right of his part of Easter Mugdock. This Drumquhassle 
was a person of very considerable standing in the Lennox. He was early in 
reformed times in high favour with its Earl, and as a reward for his share in 
the gallant enterprise of Captain Thomas Crawford of Jordanhill, by which 
Dumbarton Castle was secured for the Regent, ist April, 1571, he was placed 
in command of it. He was also *' Bailie, Chalmerlane, Ressaver, and Intro- 
mattour with the maillis, fermes, etc., of the Erldome of Lennox and Lordschip 
of Demlle," and he had also obtained, for his son Cuthbert nominally, but 
really for himself, a gift of the Provostry of the Collegiate Church of Dum- 

The form of presentation of the youthful Provost to the benefice of the 
Provostry was as follows: — "Ane lettre maid be oure souerane lord with awise 
and consent of his derrest guidschir Mathew erle of Levinax lord Demlie his 
majesties lauchfull tutour and Regent to his hienes his realme and liegis and 
for himself and with awise and consent of James erle of Mortoun lord of 
Dalkeith chancellar of Scotland havand the gift of waird of the erledome of 
Levinax with advocatioun donatioun and richt of patronage of the provestrie 
of the college kirk of Dunbertane as vndoutit patronis To Cuthbert Cuning- 

^ Registered in the Protocol Book of William Heygate, notary, preserved among the Records 
of the city of Glasgow. The witnesses to these transactions are James Edmestoune of Bcllew3m, 
John Boyle (Joanne Boyle filio domino Kelbume), James Lyndesay, Sir David Hamyltoun, 
Provost of the Collegiate Church of Dumbartane ; William Donaldesoune, John Mertyne, 
John Seller, Sergeant, and Sir David Massoun. 

s Kirklands of Strathblane Writs. * Kirklands of Strathblane Writs. 


hanie lauchfull sone to Johnne Cuninghame of DrumquhassiU Presentand him 
to all and haill the benefice of the provestrie of the said college kirk of Dun- 
bertane with all landis kirkis teyndis rentis fructis emolimentis and dewiteis 
belanging thairto Hand in the diocie of Glasgw within the schirrefdome of 
Dunbertane now vakand be dimissioun of ane reverend fader in God Robert 
bischop of Caithnes Provest of the said college kirk of Dunbertane and per- 
tening to oure souverane lordis presentatioun and dispositioun as erle of 
Levinax The said Provestrie to be broukit and joisit be the said Cuthbert and 
the teindis fruitis rentis and emolimentis thairof and of the landis kirkis and 
possessionis pertening thairto to be intromettit with vptakin and disponit be 
him his factouris and servitouris in his name for his sustentatioun at the sculis 
quhill he be of the aige of xxvj yeiris compleit and fardir induring all the 
dayis of his lyfe gif at the said aige of xxvj yeiris he be fund qualifiit and 
entir and continew in the charge of ministrie within the kirk of God Or 
failzeing thairof the said provestrie at the said Cuthbert aige of xxvj yeiris 
foirsaid to be vakand ipso facto Providing that he in the menetyme continew 
at the saidis scuillis and als find sufficient souirtie for yeirlie payment of the 
thrid of the said Provestrie to the coUectouris of the kirk To be haldin and 
to be had all and haill the said Provestrie of the said college kirk of Dunber- 
tane with all landis kirkis teindis fruitis mailis fermes proffittis and dewiteis 
belanging thairto To the said Cuthbert during the space abonewrittin for the 
effect abone specifiit off our souerane lord and his successouris with all and 
sindrie commoditeis fredomes etc alsfrelie as the said Reverend fader or any 
vthiris Provestis of the said Provestrie vsit joisit and broukit the same in ony tyme 
bigane etc direct to the superintendent or commissionar of the kirk within the 
diocie of Glasgw or in his absence to the nixt superintendent or commissionare of 
the kirk in the boundis adjacent requiring thame to ressave and admit the said 
Cuthbert to the said provestrie in maner and vpoun the conditionis abone expremit 
and to caus him be enterit in the reall and actuall possessioun thairof Or- 
daning alsua the lordis of counsall and sessioun at the sicht of thir prc- 
sentis and of the said superintendentis or commissionaris testimoniall of 
admissioun to grant and gif lettres for answering and obeying of the said 
Cuthbert of the teindis fruitis mailis fermes proffittis and dewiteis with Athiris 
rentis proventis and emolimentis of the said provestrie and of the landis kirkis 
and possessionis manssis gleibis and kirklandis of the samin as vse is and to 
nane vthiris etc At Edinburgh the xxj day of October the yeir of God j" 
V* Ixx yeiris." * 

Provost Cuthbert Cunninghame was but a boy when he received this ap- 

^ From Reg» Sec. Sig,, vol. xxxix. fol. 25. 


pointment, of which the spiritual dudes, such as they were, were perforaied by 
Amlrew Robinson, one of the chaplains. There was no time Jost, however, by 
the infant Provost in beginning his temporal functions, for on the loth March, 
157 1, he granted in feu farm to his father John Cunninghame of Drumquhassle 
the lands of '^Ladytoun in Bonyll, Ferkinche and Stockrcggert in Luss, Baller- 
nikbcg in Cardross, and Knokdorebarbur in Rosneith," all of them the property 
of the Provostiy j the feu duty being jQ^^ 6s. 8d. usual money of Scotland. This 
charter was granted with the express consent of the Chapter of the Provostry, 
and of the most illustrious and serene prince, James VI., by the Grace of God 
King of the Scots and Earl of Lennox, its undoubted patron, John Earl of 
Mar^ Lord Erskine, Regent of the Kingdom, being also a consenting party.^ 

He also granted to his brother, William Cunninghame of Polmaise Cunning- 
hame alias Mitchell, ''a tack of the teinds, parsonage and vicarage of the 
Paroch Kirk of Strathblane," part of the patrimony of the Collegiate Church 
of Dumbarton for payment of ;;^ioo Scots yearly; this transaction being no 
doubt at the bidding of his father. 

At this period of robbery of the Church's possessions, the history of the 
Collegiate Church of Dumbarton is very obscure. Though Cuthbert Cunning- 
hame is distinctly called the Provost, and acts as such in charters and other 
writs, the old Provost, Robert Stewart, Bishop of Caithness, had still some 
rights over it, for in a feu charter of the Kirklands of Strathblane granted by 
Cuthbert Cunninghame in 1575, it is stated that it is issued "with the advice 
and consent of the Earl of Lennox and the Bishop of Caithness." After the 
unjust and cruel execution of his father in 1584 — the story of which is to be 
found in our history of the Duntreath family — Provost Cuthbert was often in 
difficulties with his elder brother, John, the succeeding laird of Drumquhassle. 
In 1587 ''Sir Patrik Howstoun of that ilk and Patrik Drummond fiar of 
Camok" are cautioners in 2,000 merks "for Johnne Cunynghame of Drum- 
quhajssil that he will not harm Cuthbert Cunynghame his brother."^ In the 
following year there is a caution for ;^2,ooo by "Alexander Master of Elphin- 
stone for Johnne Cun3mghame of Drumquhassill, that Cuthbert Cunynghame 
Provost of Dunbartane, his tenants and servants shall be harmless of the said 
Cunynghame,"^ and in 1590 matters between the brothers were brought to a 
crisis by a complaint made by the Provost to the Privy Council. In this 
document he states that his late father, "Johnne Cunynghame of Drumquhassill," 
having made reasonable provision for all his bairns without hurting or diminish- 
ing the old heritage of the house of Drumquhassill, granted to the complainer 

"^ Reg* Sec, Stg,, vol. xi. fol. 67. The charter is signed at Leith, but the witnesses' names are 
not given in the Records. 

>Ar<f. P, C. of ScoU^ vol. iv. p. 197. «AV^. P. C. of Scot, ^ vol. iv. p. 303. 


the Provosby of Dumbarton, ^'the lands of Boquhanne, half kirk of Dunbartane 
and teind sheaves thereof/' as his rights and titles show. He was accordingly 
in possession of his lands and teinds for many years before his father's deatn, 
" lippynning for na thing les eftir his deceis, than ony unnaturall or extraordinar 
behaviour of Johne Cunynghame now of Drumquhassill his broder, bot that in 
all his honest and lauchfuU adois he sould have assistit him in a brotherlie 
maner." The complaint then goes on to show how Drumquhassill "intruded 
himself" into the lands of Boquhoune and intromitted with the ferms and duties 
of the same from the year 1584 to 1588. How in 1586, 1587, and 1588 the 
said John had masterfully stopped the complainer from leading the teinds of 
the half Kirk of Dumbarton and intromitted with the same himself, '^and 
albeit thair hes bene divers submissionis past betuixt thame yit the said Johnne 
nevir abydis thairat affermying that, albeit thair wer ane cairtfuU of decreittis 
obtenit aganis him, it sould not avale unles he wer contentit." The whole winds 
up with a request to His Majesty " to tak sic ordour heiranent as utheris may 
be terrifeit to behave them selffis sa rebellious heireftir." The Council de- 
nounced John as a rebel, and advised His Majesty to cause him to be pursued 
as a traitor with fire and sword and his castles to be demolished for his "un- 
naturall and schamefull rebellioun and defectioun frome His Majesties obedience" 
unless he shall obey at once the decrees obtained against him,^ and this no 
doubt he did. Cuthbert was not the only one of his brothers with whom the 
laird of Dramquhassle quarrelled. As already mentioned,* John Cunninghame, of 
Drumquhassle, who was executed in 1584, had a large family — ^John, of whom 
we have just been speaking, and who succeeded his father and recovered the 
estates by Act of Parliament in 1585; William of Polmaise; Robert of Drumbeg; 
Cuthbert the Provost, and others. We have already more or less disposed of 
John, Robert, and Cuthbert, and although it is perhaps an improper digression, 
still, as William of Polmaise was connected with the Parish of Strathblane as 
tacksman of its teinds, we propose to give a slight sketch of his life also. 

William Cunninghame had been given by his father the part of Polmaise 
which he had got through his wife, Isobel Cunninghame, and otherwise. This 
estate was called " Polmais Cwnynghame alias Mitchell,*' to distinguish it from 
^* Polmais Murray," the property of the Murrays of Touchadam. He had also 
got from his &ther in reality, though in name from his brother Cuthbert, the 
provost, a tack of the teinds "parsonage and vicarage of the paroch Kirk of 
Strathblane," part of the patrimony of the Collegiate Church. Among the Writs 
at Buchanan Castle is a tack by William Cunninghame of Polmaise, "Tacksman 
of the teinds of the paroch of Strathblane, lying within the Diocess of Glasgow 

^Rtg, P, C, o/Scce., vol. !▼. pp. 523-4. "Page 86. 


and Sheriffdom of Stirling/* with consent of John Cunninghaine of Drumquhassle, 
his father, and with consent of " the provost and prebendaries of the CoUedge 
Kirk of Dumbarton, patrons of the same/' in favour of John Earl of Montrose, 
of the lands of " Ledregraen, Dumburgh, Edinkill, Milndavy, and the aikers within 
Strathblane, The Peitch, New Park, Old Park, Craigailzean, Achingilzean, Quinloch, 
Carbeth, Woodend of Mugdock, with the airds all lying within the paroch of Strath- 
blane and pertaining heretably to the said noble Lord for nynetyne years from 
I^mbas 1583, for ^35 yearly of tack teind duty," dated 20th July, 1583. 
There was probably some profit made on this transaction, and also on another 
which he afterwards made, assigning this tack of teinds of Strathblane to Andrew 
Wood of Largo. The laird of Drumquhassle had therefore clearly made for 
this son what his brother Cuthbert calls '^a reasonable provision/' William 
Cunninghame of Polmaise had his difficulties like the rest of the family. He 
was implicated in the charge brought against his father and others for con- 
spiracy against the King, and he was summoned by the Parliament which met 
at Edinburgh, 22nd August, 1584, along with many more, to appear before the 
King and his Parliament to answer to a charge of treason and lese majestie. 
In the summons he is styled ^' William Conynghame, secund sone to the laird of 
Drumquhassill." Neither he nor the others appeared, and certain of them were 
found guilty in absence, and forfeited. Whether or not this befell the laird of 
Polmaise does not appear, though it probably did. In 1585 the Cunninghames 
and others were repossessed in their lands by Act of Parliament, and a curious 
little Act of Parliament in the same year, in favour of James Murray and the 
" Lady Polmais," shows that there had hitherto been no great friendship between 
the Murrays and the Cunninghames, and that there had been disputes as to their 
respective parts of Polmaise. This Act narrates how a supplication was given in 
by " James Murray, brother-german to the umq^^ William Murray of Touchaddame 
and Agnes Cunynghame, Lady Polmais," praying that certain decisions that had 
been obtained by them, relating to the lands of " Polmais Cwnynghame alias 
Mitchell, lang befoir the convictioun of umq" Johnne Cunynghame of Drum- 
quhassiil for crymes ffor the qlks he was justifeit to the deith," should not be 
annulled by any of the provisions of the Act removing the forfeiture and 
reversing decisions following thereupon, the Murrays alleging that these de- 
cisions regarding the lands in dispute had not been given "eftir nor be 
ressoun of ony causes proceiding vpoun his forfaltour." The Murrays got their 
Act of Parliament, and apparently the disputes as to the possession of Polmaise 
were also satisfactorily settled, for five years afterwards, in a roll of " landit men," 
the lairds of Polmais Murray and Polmais Cunnynghame both appear, and 
Cuthbert Cunninghame, at least, was on good terms with the Murrays, for when 
a Bond of Caution was subscribed at Polmaise, by John Murray of Touchadam, 



on the 1 8th August, 1590, James Murray and Thomas Murray, his uncles, were 
present, and also Cuthbert Cunynghame, Provost of Dunbaitane.^ 

Like Cuthbert, his brother, William Cunninghame of Polmaise was harassed 
and bullied by his eldest brother, John of Drumquhassle. In 1588 there is a 
" Caution in 3,000 merks by Cuthbert Elphingstoun of Henderstoun for Johnne 
Cunynghame of Drumquhassill, that Williame Cunynghame of Polmais Cunyng- 
hame shall be harmless of him till loth August next," and next year there is a 
.similar one, " Caution in 3,000 merks by Johnne Cunynghame of Drumquhassill, 
as principal, and Allane M*Caulaw of Amccapill, as surety for him, that Williame 
Cuningbame of Polmais Cunynghame, his tenants, and servants shall be 
harmless of the said principal."* Very probably, however, the prompt and 
severe measures taken against Drumquhassle by the Council, at the instance of 
his brother Cuthbert, may have brought him to reason, and it is to be hoped 
that the good name of a prominent Strathblane family was not again sullied by 
farther unbrotherly and rebellious proceedings on the part of this fractious old 
parishioner. The Polmaise branch of the Drumquhassle and Blairquhosh family 
is now extinct. 

It is unnecessary to trace the history of succeeding Provosts of the Collegiate 
Church of Dumbarton, and indeed Cuthbert Cunninghame was the last of them 
who had the faintest claim to a spiritual character, and that was in his extreme 
youth.* The titles of the Provostry were transferred to the Lennox estate in 
1 61 8, and succeeding Provosts were mere "Tulchans," laymen put in possession 
by the Earls and Dukes of Lennox and the family of Montrose, their successors, 
for the purpose, so to speak, of milking the old Collegiate Church and handing 
over the cream to the patrons or their nominees. 

It is only at long intervals, however, that a Provost re-appears at all, and 
latterly his sole function was the execution of certain formalities when ministers 
were presented by the Montrose family to the parishes of Strathblane, Fintiy, 
and Bonhill. 

In 1672 Charles Duke of Lennox and Richmond died without issue, and 
his estates, superiorities, and patronages devolved on King Charles II. as nearest 
collateral heir male. The King settled the liferent of the whole on the Duke's 

^Reg. P. C. o/ScoL, vol. iv. p. 528. ^ Reg- P' C, of Scot, ^ vol. iv. pp. 293-348. 

' His wife, Janet Alexander, was apparently a Stirling lady, and that such a person ever 
existed is known only from the following entry in the Session Records of Stirling : — " Augt. 
14, 1607. The brethrein thinkis meet that Cuthbert Cunynghame provest of Dunbartane 
Colledge sail pay ad pios usus fyve pundis money, for the passage thrugh the Kirk to burie 
the corps of umquhill Jonet Alexander his spous." The Provost's son, Mr. John Cuninghame 
— a Glasgow student — was minister of the parish of Lecropt before 1627. He married Margaret 
Stewart and had a son, Captain John Cuninghame, whose brother, Adam Cuninghame, is 
mentioned in Nisbet's Heraldry as **one of the macers to the Senators of the College of 
Justice, descended of Cunninghame of Drumquhassell." 

2 B 



widow, the beautiful Frances Therese Stuart of the Blantyre family, and in 1680 
granted to his natural son, Charles Lennox, whom he had created Duke of 
Richmond and Lennox in 1675, all that remained of the once great Earldom 
of Lennox, including its superiorities, jurisdictions, and patronages. 

After the death of the Duchess Frances of Lennox in 1702, the Duke of 
Richmond and Lennox sold his property in Scotland, and the Marquis of 
Montrose purchased part of it, including all the superiorities, rights, and 
privileges of the Collegiate Church of Dumbarton, and all that is left of them 
is still in the possession of the Montrose family. 

We have already shown how a great part of the lands of the Provostry were 
feued off to John Cunninghame of Drumquhassle, and it is no part of the design 
of this work to trace their history farther, nor yet that of the other lands and 
teinds feued off or set in tack to different families. The history of the Kirklands 
of Strathblane, with which alone we have to do, and which formed a consider- 
able part of the lands of the Provostry, is given in full elsewhere in this book. 

When the minister of Strathblane was put in possession of all the remaining 
unexhausted teinds of Strathblane at the last and final augmentation, he 
became again, after the lapse of many centuries, " Rector of Strathblane," 
and the Act of 1874, doing away with patronage in the Church of Scotland, 
broke the last feeble link of the chain that bound Strathblane to the Collegiate 
Church of the Blessed Virgin Mary of Dumbarton. 


We have said but little yet as to the vicars of Strathblane, upon whom 
had devolved for some three centuries the pastoral charge of the parish, 
deprived as it was of its rector; and, in truth, there is but little to tell. 

After the church of Strathblane was made over to the Hospital of Pol- 
madie, some time before 13 16, there probably was a vicar appointed with 
some slender payment; but we do not know this for certain. When the 
church was, along with Polmadie, given to the Cathedral of Glasgow in 1427 
it was stipulated that the Vicar of Strathblane was to be paid 14 raerks Scots, 
15s. 6fd., and have a glebe of a merkland of land, 34! acres, and he 
probably received also the altar dues and offerings. We are still unable, how- 
ever, to give the name of a single vicar. After the church was made over, 
about the middle of the fifteenth century, to the Duchess Countess Isabella of 
the Lennox for the endowment of her Provostry of Dumbarton, the vicars were 
continued on the same footing as to pay and glebe as before, and at last, but 
not till about fifty years after its foundation, we can name a Vicar of Strath- 
blane. This was Sir Walter Logane, who was witness to a charter signed at 


Stirling, loth May, 1498.^ He is styled in it Vicar of "Strablayan," chaplain, 
and notary public. He was still in possession 18th March, 1502,' but by 23rd 
October, 1507, Sir Humphry Cuningham, Dominus Winfridus Conigham, was 
serving the cure, and doing it too in very discouraging circumstances, for his 
rector. Master Walter Abemethy, Provost of the Collegiate Church of Dum- 
barton, was attempting to withhold from him his salary, and the matter was 
in the Church Courts of the diocese.^ Sir Humphry Cuningham disappears 
before 24th August, 15 18, for on that day "Sir Robert Cochrane, vicar of 
Strablane," was the notary public on duty when Mr. James Stewart was 
instituted to the Provostry of the Collegiate Church of Dumbarton.* 

Sir Gilbert Provane, witness to a deed, 6th June, 1549,* is the next vicar on 
record, and probably the last was "Sir Jhone Crawford, Vicar Pensioner of 
Strablane," who served the cure in 1558,* and whose existence would probably 
have been unknown had he not, as recorded in a legal document, guided the 
pen of Margaret Buchanan, widow of George Stirling of Glorat, and wife of 
Mathew Douglas of Mains, as she signed her name to a deed.^ 

Corrupt as was the Church of Rome at this time all over Europe, there was 
no country where it was so bad as in Scotland. The higher clergy in most 
cases did not make even a pretence of attending to their sacred duties; the 
parish clergy ^ere sunk in ignorance so dense that many of them could barely 
read the service, and when they could, they did not understand it, Latin being 
utterly unknown to them. Preaching was quite given up, except by the Begging 
Friars, and their sermons were a wretched mixture of superstition and profane 
levity. Sunday was neglected, or rather often spent in the representation of 
profane plays or Robin Hood games, of which the people were exceedingly 
fond. All the clergy, both regular and secular, were sunk in gross immorality, 
and utterly neglected the poor ignorant people; and as this was the case all 
over Scotland, so, no doubt, would it be in Strathblane at the date of the 

^Reg, Mag, Sig, II, Jac. IV. A.D. 1498. 
' Craigbarnet Charters. 

* Diocesan Registers of Glasgow, vol. ii. pp. 218, 24a 
^ Protocol Book of Master Mathew Forsyth. 

" Printed in Stirlings of Keir^ p. 165. 

• Acts and Decreets of the Court of Session, vol. xviii. fol. 117. 

' The names of three at least of these vicars are local, and possibly these old clergy were 
sons of the families of Logan of Balvie, Cunninghame of Blairquhosh, and Provan, afterwards of 



The Reformation in Scotland was completed by the action of the Estates of the 
Kingdom in 1560. On the 17th August of that year the Confession of Faith 
drawn up by John Knox was adopted. On the 24th of the same month Acts 
were passed annulling all previous Acts relating to the Church. The Pope's 
jurisdiction within the realm was abolished, and an Act was passed making it 
criminal to say or hear Mass. Confisaition of goods was the punishment of 
the first offence, banishment of the second, and death of the third, toleration 
being not understood, and still a long way off. A commission was also given 
to Knox and others to draw up a Book of Regulations for the new Church. 
The result of their labours was the production of the " First Book of Discipline." 
Four orders of office-bearers in the Church were appointed, the Superintendent, 
the Minister, the Elder, and the Deacon. It was proposed that the possessions 
of the Ancient Church should be appropriated for the three great purposes of 
the maintenance of the ministry, the education of the youth, and the sustenance 
of the poor. Unfortunately, through the cupidity of the Barons, into whose 
hands much of the Church's endowments had fallen, this excellent arrange- 
ment was never fully realized, these rapacious gentry sneeringly calling it "a 
devout imagination." The Collegiate Church of Dumbarton, along with its 
property, rights, and privileges, and so much of the Strathblane ecclesiastical 
establishment as still belonged to it, had fallen, as already shown, into the hands 
of the Earls of Lennox. The Church, after a great deal of trouble, recovered 
a portion of her ancient endowments, and there was nothing John Knox was 
more anxious about than this ; but the greater part of her property was lost to 
her for ever. It was in 1560, too, that the first General Assembly of the Church 
of Scotland met It was but a small body, and for long afterwards so few 
were the preachers, that one minister had charge of several parishes, assisted 
by an exhorter or reader, who did not preach or administer the Sacraments, 
but read the Bible and the Book of Common Prayer, for the service for some 
time was partly liturgical, and partly "conceived," or extempore. 



c. 1560-1594. 

The Reader at Strathblane at this time was John Cuik, and by 1574 the 
parish had the third part of the services of a regular minister, "Johnne 
Stoddert," who had charge also of Fintry and Campsie, assisted by a reader 
at each.^ He lived at Campsie, and his stipend was jQ66 13s. 4d. Scots 
money, or £$ iis. id. sterling, with the Kirklands or glebe of Campsie.' 
Mr. Cuik, the reader, lived at Strathblane as well as he could on the produce 
of the glebe and £16 Scots, or jQi 6s. 8d. sterling. 

It may be interesting to know the form of service, and how Sunday was 
observed in those early days in Strathblane, and to picture the day's proceedings 
when both Mr. Stoddert, the minister, and Mr. Cuik, the reader, were present. 
At seven o^clock a.m. the church bell begins to toll to warn the inhabitants to 
prepare for service. At eight o'clock it again repeats the summons, and all 
betake themselves to the sacred building. On entering the church the congre- 
gation reverently uncover their heads, and kneeling, put up a silent prayer 
to God for His blessing on the service. Mr. Cuik the reader, who is ** decently 
clad in grave apparel," having called over the roll or catalogue of the congre- 
gation, and marked all absentees to be dealt with, proceeds to the lectern and 
reads from the " Book of Common Order," the first prayer of the service, the 
people all kneeling. This was called the "Confession of our Sins," and is a 
beautiful spiritual composition. Other prayers from the Liturgy follow, and the 
congregation rising from their knees, Mr. Cuik in an audible voice reads over 
a suitable psalm, when the people all standing sing it to the regular tune which 
was printed along with it in the psalter. The singing ends with the Gloria 
Patri in these words — 

"Gloir to the Father and the Sone 
And to the holie Gaist, 
As it was in the beginning. 
Is now, and aye shall last."' 

The reading of the Scriptures of the Old and New Testaments is then pro- 

^ It is interesting to know that the ancestor of a Strathblane lady, Elizabeth Agnes Danmore 
Napier, of Ballikinrain, now Mrs. Graham Stirling of Craigbamet, was so well employed, in 
those early Protestant days, for it is recorded that '*Johne Naper of Ballykynrane was reidare 
at Killeme." 

'This seems a very moderate income, but, small as it was, Mr. Stoddert was able to leave 
some money for the benefit of the poor, as shown by an entry in the Register of the Presby- 
tery of Glasgow, 1st June, 1608, where mention is made of "Sifuir fundet be Johnne Stoddert 
minister of Campsie to the poore of this ciiie of Glasgow." 

'This is the form of doxology for a common metre psalm. The *' Conclusions'' or Dox- 
ologies were also arranged for other metres. 


ceeded with, and this bringing the first part of the service to a close, the bell 
again rings, and Mr. Cuik leaving the lectern, Mr. Stoddert, the minister, who 
has just come from Campsie, enters the pulpit and kneels for some minutes in 
silent devotion. This done, in a "conceived" or extempore prayer he prays 
for illumination and assistance in preaching the Word and for a teachable spirit 
in the hearers. He then puts his hat upon his head, as do all his audience, 
and gives out his text It is nowhere recorded whether this ancient minister 
of Strathblane was a man of gifts or not, but taking it for granted he was, he 
would be frequently interrupted during the delivery of his discourse, as was 
the custom at that time, by the applause and approbation of the people. 
The sermon being concluded, a prayer for the whole estate of Christ's Church 
follows, the service ending with the Lord's Prayer and the Creed; another 
psalm is then sung, the blessing is pronounced, and the people separate. In 
the aflernoon they again assemble ; the children of the congregation are publicly 
examined in a portion of the catechism, which being concluded, the minister 
gives a short discourse on the doctrines they have just been handling, and 
the blessing being pronounced, the service ends. This service as now de- 
scribed is exactly as it used to be performed over a great part of Scotland for 
the first seventy or eighty years after the Reformation, and a very good one it was. 
After the morning and afternoon services the people gave themselves up to 
recreations and games, for while attendance at all the services of the church 
was rigidly enforced, at this early time lawful sports and amusements, after 
service was over, were tolerated, though not altogether approved of by the 


c 1594-1597- 
Mr. Stoddert had ceased to be minister of Strathblane before 1594, for in 
that year Mr. James Gillespie was settled in the parish. Two years after- 
wards, however, he was translated to Kilmaronock. Of the further acts or 
history of those first two Protestant ministers of Strathblane nothing is recorded. 
Up to 1592 the mixed Episcopal and Presbyterian form of Church government 
as originally arranged at the Reformation continued to exist, but in that year 
a pure Presbyterian polity — ^regular kirk sessions, presbyteries, and synods — ^was 
established by Act of Parliament. In 1597, however. Episcopacy, though in 

^ In fact it did not seem to be thought an improper thing for a minister to keep a public- 
house, provided it was a well conducted one, as the following from the proceedings of the 
General Assembly of 1576 proves : — 

"Ane Minister or Reader that tapis ale, beir, or wync and keeps ane open taveme 
sould be exorted be the Commissioners to keep decorum." 


a modified shape, became the established form of the Protestant Church of 
Scotland, and this continued till the celebrated General Assembly of 1638, 
when Presbytery again triumphed for a time. 



In 1597 Mr. James Stirling of Baldemock was translated to Strathblane. 
He had taken his degree at the University of Glasgow in 1585, and in 1588, 
on the presentation of Stirling of Keir, he became minister of Baldemock. He 
was probably a relative of the Keir family or of the Strathblane Stirlings. Mr. 
Stirling did not take any prominent position in the ecclesiastical controversies 
of the day, and no doubt he conducted worship in the old Strathblane church 
very much in the same form as already described, till he fell into bad health 
in 1632, when Mr. Allan Ferguson was appointed " helper." Mr. Stirling's wife 
died in 1627, and he lived with his only daughter, Mary, in the old original 
vicarage house or manse — not the one removed by Dr. Hamilton, but a still 
older one which stood just behind the present manse, but a little farther up 
the hill. The church, which was in a very bad state of repair, was on the 
same site as the present one. 


1 63 2-1 648. 

Mr. Ferguson had been a student in Glasgow University,^ where he took 
his degree in 1623. During the sixteen years he was in Strathblane he took 
full charge of the parish, and attended the meetings of Presbytery. From the 
time Mr. Ferguson came to Strathblane in 1632, onwards to the Revolution of 
1688, there were unfortunately but short intervals of peace and quiet in the 
Church of Scotland. Without discussing the causes of dissension, it is pretty 
clear the blame cannot be laid entirely on either party, for there were many 
and serious faults on the part both of the Stewart Kings and of the Lords of 
the Covenant and Covenanters. The conflicts and disputes on both sides 
were often far more for political than religious ends, and if both sides could 
have agreed to go back to the excellent form of Church government, beautiful 
service, liberal ideas, and concise confession — all as arranged by John Knox 
and the other early Scots reformers — it would have been much better for Scot- 
land not only in the seventeenth century but also in the nineteenth. Mr. 

^ Among the subscriptions towards the College of Glasgow in August, 1632, is the follow- 
ing : — "Mr, Allan Fergusoun, minister at Streblaine, 20 lib." 


Ferguson took a leading part in the movements which took place in 1637-S in 
consequence of the attempt made by King Charles I. to introduce a Service 
Book into Scotland, one of the first results of which was the renewal of the 
Solemn League and Covenant in February, 1638. Copies of this document, 
signed by Montrose, Loudon, and other nobles, as well as barons, burgesses, 
and ministers, were sent for signature all over Scotland, and at the same time 
a Board, drawn from the different orders of subscribers, was formed, the mem- 
bers of which resided in Edinburgh and managed all the affairs of the Church. 
This Board, known as "The Tables," was the main instrument in procuring 
from the King the withdrawal of the Service Book and the calling together of 
the famous General Assembly of 1638. The Earl of Montrose, the principal 
heritor, and Mr, Ferguson, the minister of Strathblane, were both members of 
"The Tables." In a Letter of Instructions issued to the Presbyteries in view 
of the meeting of the General Assembly at Glasgow in the autumn of 1638, 
the signatures are appended of " Montrose " and " M. Alan Fergusoun at Strae- 
blain." In 1642 the records of the Presbytery of Dumbarton inform us that 
William Campbell was appointed reader in Strathblane. A reader was not an 
ordained minister, and Mr. Campbell came to Strathblane to fill in part Mr. 
Ferguson's place, who was with the army as chaplain to one of the Scots 
regiments, who in 1 641-3 were under Leslie and Munro fighting the rebels 
in Ireland. It is not recorded when Mr, Ferguson returned, but his presence 
was much needed in Strathblane in 1644. It was in that year that the 
gallant Montrose, leaving Mugdock, where he had been living in retirement 
for some years, began his brilliant campaign in Scotland, designed as a 
diversion in favour of King Charles I., to whose side he had now gone over, 
and which, though at first successful, ended in ruin at Philiphaugh in 1645. 
The minister was required in Strathblane simply because his flock were going 
astray, for among Montrose's officers were Stirling of Glorat — then a Strathblane 
laird — ^and young Craigbamet ; and among the troopers were parishioners of the 
name of Grahame, Smith in Craigend, and others. There are traces in the 
Presbytery Records of the punishment meted out to some of those erring sheep 
on their return to the fold, the following being the process: — 

" The Presbyterie having first received thair confessione upon thair knees, 
and the acknowledgment of thair offence with signes of sorrow for it, 
ordainis them to present and perfect their repentance in the Kirk of 
Strathblaine conforme to the Act of General Assemblie." 
And again at another Presbytery — 

"Compeered James Ghrame of Killerne and confessed that being 
brought up in the house of James Ghrame somtyme Earll of Mon- 
trose he did follow him in his late wickit malignant course." 


He professed sorrow for his offence, and his sentence was — 

''And also in lyke manner upon his knees before the congregation of 
Strathblaine upon the kirk floore to confess his sinne and to crave 
Gods pardonne and this being done the minister of Strathblaine is to 
present the League and Covenant to him to be subscrybed." 
Mr. Allan Ferguson had married in 1638 Christina NichoU, and, after her 
death, secondly, Katherine Edmonstone, and one or both of these ladies 
had proved fruitful vines, and the young olive plants of the worthy minister 
required sustenance. He began therefore about 1648 to feel anxious for an 
augmentation, which, considering his whole stipend was two chalders victual, 
/>, 32 bolls of oats and 50 merks Scots money = ;^2 15s. yd. sterling, was not 
to be wondered at. A good opportunity occurred for raising the question on 
his receiving a call to the parish of Bothwell. Mr. Ferguson intimated this 
call to the Presbytery, but evidently he would rather have remained at Strath- 
blane if the people could have been induced to raise his stipend They were 
frequently exhorted by the Presbytery to do so, but nothing followed ; and while 
matters were in this state the parish of Drymen gave Mr. Ferguson a call. 
This too he was unwilling to accept, and the Presbytery, anxious to get an 
augmentation for him, and a manse built, directed him "to deall with his 
parishioners for obtaining his reasonable desyrs anent his settling at Strathblane." 
At the next meeting of Presbytery, 19th September, 1648, Mr. Ferguson was not 
present, being " with the armie." This army was a force which Argyll, Eglinton, 
and the clergy in the West Country were getting up to oppose the Army of the 
" Engagement" The "Engagement" was an arrangement made with King Charles 
I. by the Estates of the Kingdom of Scotland, whereby, in consideration of certain 
promises made by him, an army under the Marquis of Hamilton was sent to his 
help in England. This was done against the wishes of the clergy, who, furious 
at the Parliament of Scotland for disregarding them, not only raised an opposing 
force, but dealt severely with any unfortunate parishioner who had anything to do 
with the Army of the Engagement. The Marquis was defeated in England, and 
Argyll and the clergy disbanded their forces. Mr. Ferguson on his return failed 
in his " dealings " with his parishioners, for at next Presbytery the " parishioners 
of Straeblaine caled, compeared not," and though another effort was made by 
sending Mr. John Stirling to exhort them from the pulpit of Strathblane to do 
their duty, at the succeeding Presbytery they neither appeared nor made any 
satisfactory proposal. The Presbytery, apparently thoroughly disgusted with them, 
resolved to transport Mr. Ferguson without delay to Drymen, where the parish- 
ioners, as they themselves expressed it in their call, stood "in great need in 
these tymes both of daily Information of Publict Matters and exercise of 

discipline against offenders who does and will yet take mor libertie to them- 

2 c 


selves to be offensive both to God and man if they be from under doctrine, 
discipline, and chairge." On the 14th November, 1648, therefore, Mr. Ferguson 
was formally transported " from his charge of ane minister helper at Strathblane " 
and ordained " to be actually ressaivet to the ministrie at Drymen," and it is to 
be hoped that the worthy man and his wife and family were better treated there 
than they had been in Strathblane.^ At a meeting of the Presbytery of Dum- 
barton on the 26th December, 1648, it was found on a strict investigation 
that none of the brethren had any part in the late "Sinful Engagement," but 
in several parishes certain parishioners had been engaged in it, and again 
Strathblane was found in fault, Walter Stirling of Ballagan having taken part 
in it, with the rank of captain-lieutenant. He was at once " suspendit from the 
Covenant and Communion," and in this forlorn state he remained till January, 
1650, when it appears from an entry in the records that "Walter Stirling of 
Ballagan and others who were concerned in the late unlawful Engagement," 
were "remitted to conferences with Mr. Harrie Sempill, Mr. Allan Fer- 
gussone, and Mr. John Stirling." The efforts of these three brethren were 
successful, for at a Presbytery held on the 12th February, 1650, it was reported 
that Walter Stirling had repented, and he was thereupon ordained to make his 
submission in Strathblane Church and sign the Covenant on the second Lord's 
Day following. Mr. Ferguson had left Strathblane in the autumn of 1648, 
and in the spring of 1649 the Presbytery sent a deputation to the parish to 
see whether or not the old minister, Mr. Stirling, was fit for any ministerial 
duty, or what steps the parish was taking to provide a helper "with ane com- 
petent stipend." The visitors to the parish reported that Mr. Stirling was 
utterly unable by reason of great old age " for the right exercise of any part of 
the ministerial function," and that the parishioners were willing to take steps to 
maintain him, and also provide a proper stipend for a helper. The Presbytery, 
however, knew the Strathblane people pretty well, and pronounced the follow- 
ing very sensible deliverance : — " The Presbyterie considdering the said Mr. 
James his great old age, and inabilitie perfectly known to them all, and the 
offers of the Paroch made in former tymes qlk wer not dewly accomplished, 
have thought it fit and necessare that the s** Mr. James as now being (emeri- 
tus) sould cease from his laboures in the ministrie without any the least 
Imputatioun of blam to him, and that befoir the kirk be plantit his mainten- 
ance be secured so as the Intrant be not prejudicit in any p' of the stipend, 
and ordaines the prns no mor to Importoune or Imploy the s"* Mr. James to 
Baptisme or Mariage or any p* of the Ministerall Calling and this to be intimat 

^ Mr. Ferguson was a Resolutioner — the moderate party in the Church — and Principal Baillie, 
writing in 1656, calls hiin '* a right honest and able man, more than the most of his neigh- 
bcurs." — Letters and Jountal^ vol. iii. p. 315. 

Protestant ministers of strathblane, 203 

to the %^ Mr. James and to the Pms publicly be Mr. Johne Stirling minister 
at Bademock who is appointit to preach at Straeblaine the nixt second Lord's 
Day." Midsummer arrived and still nothing was done in Strathblane, and Mr. 
Harrie Sempill, who had been sent there to arrange about the stipend, so that 
a minister might be provided, reported to the Presbytery that he saw little or 
no appearance of any arrangements being made. 



Matters went on thus till the spring of 1650, when there appeared before 
the Presbytery John Edmonstone, Walter Stirling of Ballagan, by this time 
purged from his sinful courses, and others of Strathblane, and requested that 
Mr. John Cochran should be appointed to preach at Strathblane, with a view to 
his settlement there. The Laird of Luss also appeared, wishing him settled in 
his parish. At a succeeding Presbytery, i6th April, 1650, it was found, that as 
Mr. Cochran could not preach in Gaelic,^ he was unsuitable for Luss, his call 
to Strathblane was therefore sustained. Mr. Cochran was a young minister, 
having taken his degree in Edinburgh in 1646, and this was his first parish. 
The Presbytery very properly, before allowing him to go into it, took steps to 
have him made more comfortable than Mr. Ferguson. It was arranged, there- 
fore, that the stipend should be augmented and a new manse built This was 
erected on a different site from the old one, which was allowed to stand, and 
in which continued to live the daughter of the old minister, Mr. Stirling, who 
died this year Father of the Church of Scotland, in the eighty-fifth year of his 
age and sixty-third of his ministry. The Presbytery took a good deal of trouble 
''anent the desyning of the stance of the manse of Strathblane," but finally 
they fixed upon a spot on the other side of the bum from the present manse, 
near a large tree in the present garden, and here was built the manse which 
stood till it was pulled down when Dr. Hamilton erected the present one. Mr. 
Cochran was not settled in his new house till well on in 165 1, but he began 
to do duty in May, 1650. It was in this month that the great Marquis of 
Montrose, who was the principal man in the parish, had been taken prisoner 
in the North, when engaged in an unsuccessful attempt to further the cause of 
King Charles II. His enemies, therefore, were in a state of high exultation, 
and the Presbytery of Dumbarton, who were mostly, however, on the moderate 

^ " It is fund by the grave attestationes of the said Mr. Johne that he is not able to instruct 
eather be preachinf^ or Cateechising the Highland parochine of Lus in thair awn language, nor 
that he expectis he can attaine thairto after many yearis conversing with them."— (Presb. 
Rec., i6th April, 1650.) 


side of the Church, were, or feigned to be, so also. Their records of 14th May, 
1650, contain the following: — "The Publict thanksgiving for the overthrow of 
James Grahame and his adherents ordained to be keepit Wednesday com eight 
days, and the new Psalmes to be begune the ^ daye,^ whereof intimatione 
to be made the next Sabbath," and Mr. John Cochran was ordered to keep 
it in Strathblane. It is probable that Mr. Cochran, as in duty bound, carried out 
this order, whatever he thought of it, but doubtless he would have rather a 
poor congregation. Neither the Ballagan, the Broadgate, the Leddriegreen, nor 
many of the Edenkill people would be at church, and certainly nobody from 
Mugdock or Craigend. Possibly the Duntreath family and tenants might be 
there, for it is a fact, strange as it may seem now-a-days, that the only people 
of any consequence in the parish of Strathblane who were Whigs at that time 
were the Edmonstones of Duntreath. 

As soon as Mr. Cochran was fairly settled in Strathblane he took some 
important steps, and it is minuted in the Session Records that one of the first 
of them was to purchase a sand-glass, which he no doubt placed conveniently 
near the pulpit This showed a wise resolution to govern himself and keep his 
sermons within a reasonable length by watching the flight of time as indicated 
by this hour-glass. An entry immediately following shows that while thus careful 
of his own doings, there was to be no trifling with ill-conducted parishioners, for 
it is recorded that he paid ten shillings out of the session funds " for hinging of 
the joggs at the kirk doore." The "joggs" was an ancient Scottish instrument 
of punishment, and consisted of an iron collar fastened to the wall by a 
chain, and in it the necks of delinquents, such as absentees from church and 
other criminals, were inserted, who there remained in a painful and un- 
dignified attitude, fearful warnings to other transgressors. These entries are 
suggestive, for while it would be presumptuous in the extreme to suggest any 
resuscitation of the sand-glass, the joggs might still be useful, and it is to be 
feared if every neglecter of the services of the Church of Strathblane was treated 
as of old these useful instruments would not always be found empty or suffered to 
rust from lack of employment. But Mr. Cochran's improvements did not stop here. 
He shortly afterwards had built within the church "ane new publick place of 
repentance," and he also purchased " ane harne gowne," />., a sackcloth robe, 
for the use of penitents who were placed on the pillar to be censured, prin- 
cipally for breaches of the Third, Fourth, Seventh, and Ninth Commandments. 
The Session Records, which were well kept at this time, and throw a good 
deal of light on the history of the parish, contain —" ane accompt of receipts be 
the Sessione of Strablane." These consisted of the collections in church and of 

^ See Appcmlix. 


fines for various offences, principally for transgressions of the fore-named com- 
mandments, and these funds were used both for repairs and general church 
purposes, and also for charity. Entries such as the following are frequent : — 
"Givin out of the box to ane poore supplicant, . . 01. 04. o. 
" Givin out of the box for ane Iron chynnie to the 

kirk bell, for ringing of it, 02. 04. o. 

"Givin be directioun of the Prisbitrie to ane 
studdent of theologie in the College of 
Glasgow, 06. 16. o." 

About 1655 considerable repairs were made on the church. Thus: — 
** Givin to two men who laid the kirk floore w* 

flags, 01. 10. o. 

" Givin to W"^ Stoboe for dressmg of the kirk and 

the bell house, and fumisching of lyme 

and stone, 18. o. o. 

" Givin for cairiing the kirk bell to Rossedoe to get 

ane tongue put in it, 01. o. o." 

In 1660 William I^nnox of Wester Ballewan or Ballewan Lennox and 
Archibald Edmonstone of Middle Ballewan had a dispute about their right to 
a certain seat in the church, and they had to go to the Presbytery before it 
could be settled, and the Records relate how William Lennox, not being satisfied 
with the finding of the Church Courts, in a contumacious manner " appealed to 
the Cevil Magistrat" Very soon after this time came the Restoration, and King 
Charles II. shortly afterwards established Episcopacy as the form of government 
of the Church of Scotland^ Mr. Cochran and the great bulk of his congregation 
quietly submitted, and so far as appears there was little or no persecution in 
Strathblane for conscience' sake, and in truth this change made but small difference, 

'At an ** occasional" Presbytery at Dumbarton, 25th September, 1660, a letter addressed 
to all the Presbyteries of the Church by King Charles was read, in which His Majesty, after 
thanking the Church for her loyalty and for the address sent him, assures her that by the grace 
of (Jod *' Wee doe resolve to discountenance prouhanitie and all contemners and opposers of 
the ordinances of the Gospel!, wee doe also resolve to protect and preserve the government of 
the Church of Scotland as it is settled by law without violatione," and in return for this the 
King hoped they would confine themselves to ecclesiastical matters, ** and keep within the 
compass of their statioune." His Majesty ends his letter in a very pious way, asking for their 
prayers *'for us and our government. The Presbytery were much pleased with this letter and 
resolved that ** The Presbyterie having read and perused the said letter doe, with great thanks- 
giving to God for His Majesties gracious declarationes and resolutiones thairin, receave the 
sd. letter and ordaine it to be publictly read by everv minister in face of the several congrega- 
tions upon the next Lords Day for acquainting the people thair with, together with His 
Majesties Act against prophanitie and debaucherie." 

It is not minuted in tne Presbytery Records what action the reverend court took when on 
the 27th May of the succeeding year, 1661, the Estates of Parliament, instigated thereto by this 
pious and chaste King, passed ** An Act for the Restitution and Re-establishment of the Ancient 
Government of the Church by Archbishops and Bishops.*' 


in form at least There was a Session and elders, or persons acting as such, 
and a Presbytery of Dumbarton and Synod of Glasgow. The service was the same 
as before,^ there being no prayer-book, and the Sacrament of the Lord's Supper 
was dispensed to the communicants, who seem to have received it sitting, not 
kneeling. There was a Fast-Day on the Thursday preceding it, a Preparation- 
Day on Saturday, and a Thanksgiving on Monday. The following entries in 
the Session Records, as bearing on this, are interesting: — 

"Oct 1 8 1669 the qlk day convened minister and elders for 
dividing of the poores money." 

This money was collected by ladles at every service, and the elders took the 
duty by turns — thus : — 

" 1672. Archibald Edmonstone, younger, and Walter 
Buchanan to collect from Lambasse to Hallowday next. 

"1672. The 9th Febry collected be W" Grahame and his 
nibour 5s, rod." 

"The 20 of JuUy 1672 being the fasting Thursday for the 
Communione collected be Rob' Foyer 2s. 8d. and be Jo" 
Rankine 5s." 

Then on the Preparation Saturday — 

"The 22nd of JuUy collected be Ro' Foyer 4s. 8d. be Jo" 
Rankine 6s. 

" The 23 day of Jully being ye Communione Sabbath collected 
be Robert Forester 17*** 2s. 6d. and be Jo" Rankine 36s." 

"The 24 of Jully being the Mononday efter the Com- 
munione collected be Walter M^'Calpine 32s. qlk by directione 
of the Sessione given to the poore." 

"The 22 of Apprill 1672 th' my lord Bishop pritched 
here collected be Jo" M^'Coul 3od. and be Walter M'^Callay 
15s. 2d." 

* " During the Second Episcopacy — from 1661 to 1690 — there was no attempt to revive 
Laud*s Liturgy, the introduction of which had been the occasion, if not the main cause, of 
the outbreak in 1637. The new bishops, as was said, had no wish to ride the ford where their 
predecessors were drowned, but contented themselves with falling back on the Book of Common 
Order, and this was now used merely as a directory. The reading of prayers by the clergy 
had fallen into disrepute : and those bishops who touched the thorny subject of worship went 
no farther than to recommend reverence in God's House, the reading of large portions of 
Scripture, the use of the Lord's Prayer, Doxology, and Creed : and daily Common Prayer in 
the Churches, with reading of Scripture when convenient." "During the troubles of the Com- 
monwealth, the Lord's Supper is said to have been neglected for years in many parishes of the 
three kingdoms. After the Restoration there was little or no improvement in Scotland. Anderson 
of Dumbarton states that in his Probytery it was celebrated three tinjes oftener wiihin the 
twelve years previous to 1 7 14 than it had been during the twenty -eight years of the Second 
Episcopacy." — {Worship and Offices of the Church of Scotland^ George W. Sprott, D.l)., pp. 
4-I0I.) The Session Records of Slrathblanc show that in our parish the Communion was not 



This was the Bishop, or rather Archbishop, of the diocese, I^ighton, one of the 
saintliest men Scotland ever knew. Every one knows his Commentary on St. 
Peter — z. famous book — but it is not so well known how he laboured to 
reconcile the Presbyterians and Episcopalians in Scotland. Like many 
moderate men, he disliked the Covenant, and had a leaning towards Episco- 
pacy, hoping that in a modified form it might be established in Scotland 
with the consent of all parties. But this was not to be, and rather than join, 
or seem to join, in the severe measures which in some parts of the coimtry 
were resorted to against the Covenanters, he resigned his See about two years 
after this time. 

The new Archbishop was not so mild, and at the meeting of the Presbytery 
of Dumbarton in March, 1674, there were read two letters from him, one 
asking for a list of vacancies, and another inquiring if any within the bounds 
withdrew from public worship or kept conventicles. The Presbytery sent the 
list of vacancies, and were to report afterwards about the other matter. 

It does not appear that Mr. Cochran made any report on the conventicles, 
if there were any in the parish, and some years afterwards, when lists of dis- 
orderly persons were asked for by the Archbishop from the ministers of each 
parish, there were no such in Strathblane — ^at all events Mr. Cochran gave in 
no list Mr. Cochran was a mild, good man, who was contented to be either an 
Episcopalian or a Presbyterian, provided it was the Church of the country 
and in accordance with the sentiments of the majority of the people, and he 
had no desire to persecute anyone; indeed, it is recorded that he was very 
kind to those who got into trouble for their religious opinions, and sheltered 
them from the consequences. There happened in the parish about 1677 an 
occurrence which must have annoyed Mr. Cochran very much, and which 
certainly says very little for John Craig, the laird of Leddriegreen. The follow- 
ing is Nisbet's account of this afiair,^ furnished by the son of the sufferer : — 
"In the year 1677 the late Archibald Edmonstone of Duntreath, being then 
at Duntreath on his private affairs, the minister called Mr. Forrester, formerly 
in the parish of Killeam, came to Duntreath without Duntreath's knowledge, 
and had a private lecture in the gallery there, probably by the invitation of 
some private Christians, which when Duntreath heard of he thought it no great 
crime to be a hearer ; on this egregious fault, only esteemed so by the prevailing 
party of the time, he was informed against by one Craig of Ledrogrean to my 
Lord Ross, who then commanded a troop of Dragoons; on this the said troop 
was sent to apprehend Duntreath not suspecting any such treatment and 
apprehending him took him straight to Glasgow where he lay a night in the 

* Nisbct*s Heraldry^ vol. ii. p. 30a 


Court of Guard, afterwards three nights in the Tolbooth and give in his bond 
;;^ioo ster* to General Dalziel to appear at Edinburgh a month after that which 
accordingly he did and continued six months in the 1 olbooth, in which Time 
he was called three Times before the Council, but was not allowed any advo- 
cate or Lawyer to appear or plead for him." He was finally released, but " fined 
i" ;^5oo ster" the one half to the Informer and the other half to the 
Crown." 1 The only other traces of persecution in the parish are the cases of 
John Craig of Laggan, probably for attending this very Conventicle, who 
escaped firom arrest through the kindly help of a friend who was brewing at 
fiallewan and who turned an empty barrel over him and thus hid him from 
his pursuers, and of John Foyer, schoolmaster at Duntreath, who at the 
Presbytery, 4th December, 1682, was reported as "one who had obstinately 
refused to take the test." In his case the Presbytery reported him to the civil 
judges within whose jurisdiction he dwelt, but his punishment, if any, is not 
recorded. James Edmonstone of Broich was quite of an opposite way of think- 
ing from his relatives at Duntreath, and according to Wodrow was one of those 
to whom the King and Council gave gifts of the moveables of those who had 
fought at Bothwell Bridge. Straitoun, in the county of Ayr, was allotted to 
him in 1679, and Wodrow says : " From that one parish Broich at this time 
exacted upwards of two hundred pounds sterling besides much more loss which 
cannot now be computed" Mr. Cochran, who was not a robust man, in fact, 
as the Presbytery records say, suffering from " incapibilitie of body," whatever 
that may be, was very zealous for the improvement of the church and parish, 
and his sympathies extended even beyond it, for it is recorded in the 
Session Records that in "1673 the 21 of Octr thr wes delyvered to M' Jon 
Cochrane iis. that wes gathered throw the Paroch for the use of the prisoners 
of the Turkes," and in May, 1675 "thr was collected for contributioun for the 
building of the bridge of Milnguy 12s. lod." 

There is nothing further of interest in Mr. Cochran's known history during 
Episcopal times, and matters seem to have gone quietly in the parish till 
Presb3rterianism was again installed in the Church of Scotland after the accession 
of William and Mary. 

^ John Douglas of Mains in New Kilpatrick, a Strathblane man in virtue of his possession 
of Arlehaven, along with his wife Elizabeth Hamilton was cited for nonconformity in 1685. 
We do not know how the laird fared ; but the Episcopal Incumbent of New Kilpatrick did his 
very best for the lady, as the following certificate irom him proves: — *' Certificate for Lady 
Mains. — To all whom it may conceme. Be it known that Elizabeth Hammiltoune, Lady of 
Maynes, Is a very regular personne and a constant keeper of the Church, and of so Loyall 
principles, that never any of her children bred by her could be aspersed with fanaticisme or 
disloyaltie. But yesterday six weeks or thereabouts, returning home from the Church, did strain 
her foot so as that she remained unable to travel or be transported, which to be of verity is 
testifyed by these presents, written and sub' with my hand, at Easter Kilpatrick, February 9, 
1685 years, W. Duncane." — (Dennistoun MSS.) 



After the Revolution of 1688, though Presbyterianism was re-established, Epis- 
copacy in the greater number of parishes in the- Lennox died hard, and this 
was the case in the North to even a greater extent. Thus on the 26th April, 
1692, an order was received by the Presbytery of Dumbarton from the General 
Assembly, to send one of their number to the North for the purpose of 
advancing the cause of Presbyterianism. The brethren, however, felt their 
position so insecure that they came to the following resolution : — 

"The Presb*^ taking to their serious consideration the dangerous condition 
of the various congregations within their bounds being such that the prelaticall 
incumbents with their adherents are endeavouring by all means to reposses them- 
selves of the churches doo find it impossible to preserve any congregation now 
plantit fi-om being lost because of the vigilant adversary when the Min' th' of 
should be sent to the North and therefor have resolved for this season not to pairt 
w' any of thaur number." In Strathblane nothing particular happened till the 
meeting of the Presbytery of Dumbarton, 15th July, 1690, when the following 
occurs in the Records: — 

"The Presbyterie having read a letter from Mr. J"* Cochran incumbent at 
Strathblane q'in he shows the brethren his willingness to subscribe his own 
demission from his charge there; q'for the Presb'^ has apoynted him to do so 
and to send it in with the first occassion." The next Presbytery was held at 
Kilpatrick, 24th July, 1690, and it is recorded that — 

" This day Mr. John Cochran, incumbent at Strathblane, did send in to the 
meeting at Kilpatrick a letter of his voluntary demission of his charge in the 
for** congregation q** letter is to be keept in the Clerk's hands ad futuram rei 
memoriam and appoynted to be regrat in the Presbytrie book the tenor q'of is 
as followeth : — 

"Strablain the 21 of July 1690. 

" Rev* Mod' & remanent brithren of the Presbytrie of Dumbarton, I M' 
John Cochran minister at Strablain having preached, baptised and married these 
fortie years now through age, weakness and the sinfulness of the tymes does 
delyoer up myself & my ministrie to Jesus Christ who called me here, having 
had an unanimous call from the whole gentlemen & parish of Strablain does 
give over my charge to the Presbyterie as to the exercise of my ministrie in 
all the particulars of it and shall joyn as a parishioner with that faithful Pres- 
bytrie to seek for a godly, religious and hooly man to go about all his 
ministerial duties for the benefit & good of this people whos spiritual growth 
in grace and holiness by a gospel minister will be my sole comfort and I 
am confidant the Presbytrie will be carefull of my well being as to my 
stipend for the year 1689 and Lykways th' they would be pleased to recom- 
mend my willingness and conscientious carriage to the Gra^ Assembly th' it is to 

2 D 


sitt at £d' q*^ assembly the holy one of Israel, sit down with and go through 
w' them for the advancement of the Gospel th' Christ our Lord maybe 
glorously exalted and the gospel covenant maybe faithfully preached, and lastly 
I humbly entreat the Presbytrie th' qn a minister is placed, they would cause 
the paroch provyd an house to me near the Church becaus of my sad pain 
and inability for I desire to sit and joyn q" God send the man here and to joyn 
my endeavours and love w' the advancement of Christs gospel and the good 
of my people whom I dearly love and hopes 
to die and live w' them and th' I may keep 
the Manse while God send the man and then 
at your command obey and am hopefuU th' 
the Presbytrie will be instrumental th' I may 
have supply and some maintenance for the 
tyme to come as th' wisdoms shall think fitt 
and truly it is my heart's desire th' gracious 
Mr. Elphinston be our minister for the Lord 
bears it in upon me both in prayer and in my 
thoughts th' he will be the man q' must be 
our minister and the Almighty God of my sal- 
vation bring it to pass in testimony of the 
premeses I subscribe the same w' my hand 
Sic Subscribilur 

" M' John Cochran." 
Nothing more is recorded of Mr. Cochran. 
It is to be hoped that some provision was 
made for him, and that he ended his days in 

An interesting old tombstone in the 

Churchyard, of which a woodcut is annexed, 

tells all we know of Mr, Cochran's family 

history. The Arms — a curious example of 

Strath blane Heraldry — Cochran impaled with 

HB. cochiah'i tohbstdhb. M'Grcgor, and the initials M (Magister) I C 

and A M'G show that his wife was a M'Gregor, and the date i6S8 is probably 

that of her death.' 

: Ballagan have been cut upon ihe stone at k 




Just a month after this letter was written, on the 26th August, 1690, com- 
missioners from Strathblane appeared before the Presbytery and gave a call to 
Mr. James Elphinston, who was the first minister licensed by the Presbytery of 
Dumbarton after the restoration of Presbyterianism. This had taken place a year 
before. In January, 1691, Mr. Elphinston received a call from Dumbarton, and 
Balfron also wanted him, but after the usual preliminaries in such cases Mr. 
Elphinston chose Strathblane, and on the 29th April, 1691, he was ordained 
and admitted to the parish. It hud been arranged with the heritors, too, that 
the stipend was to be augmented, so Mr. Elphinston seems to have made 
a fair start. ^ He was, however, hardly settled before another call from Dum- 
barton came, but after some proceedings in Presbytery and Synod Mr. Elphin- 
ston remained at Strathblane. 

One of his first acts was to get a new set of elders and deacons.^ Mr. 
Elphinston received a call to Cardross in 1694, but he remained at Strath* 
blane. In 1698 Airth wished his services, but the General Assembly declined 
to translate him. In 1700, however, he left the parish, and was settled in 
Dalkeith, much to the regret of the people of Strathblane. On his taking 
leave of the Presbytery of Dumbarton, it was minuted, "The Presbyterie 
regrate the loss of such a worthy Brother and recommends him to the 
Grace of God." In Mr. Elphinston*s case, as in that of Mr. Cochran, 

^ Among the disbursements of the Session Money " from the 20 day of Appryl 1691 to the 
last day of Appryl 1692*' the following are given as specimens: — 

To John Key under a fitt of distraction to goe to the Doctor, - • • 03 06 o 

To Mr. Wm. Camron Latt Curat at Greinock by the Synods order, • - 00 14 06 

To a poor woman who had her husband to be cut of a ston, • - - 00 18 06 

To a poor man in Kilmaronock, 00120 

To James Robartoun a ]xx>r man that had twa children burnt in his house, 00 12 o 
To ane John Colquhoane a poor man in Lusse tormented sorely be gravell 

and recommended to us be the presbetrie, 01 00 o 

'The Session Records, too, were kept more carefully than in Mr. Cochran's time, the sins 
and punishments of the parishioners being very minutely described — the Third, Fourth, and 
Seventh Commandments being those most frequently broken. The new Session, as now- ar- 
ranged, consisted of 

Elders. Deacons. 

Walter M'Indoe Robert Dalglish in Blairquhoche] 

Archibald Foyer Walter M*Ala in Auchengilian 

William Brown George Ronald in Garvel 

Archibald Galbraith in Cult James Shearer in Mugdock C ^ ^t \ w 

{ohn M'lndoe in Rosyaird 
ohn Buchanan in Ballewne 
James Browne in Duntreath 
John Welch in Mugdock 
tames Ranken in Dumbroch 


and later on. that of Mr. Livingston, we are again indebted to a friendly 
tombstone for a clue to his parentage. 
The l^end round the annexed woodcut 
tells us that "Here lies M'Farlan, 

spouse to Master David Elphinstone, 
Minister of Dumbritan, who died the 
la of Marich, 169 ," This Mr, David 
Elphinston, minister of Dumbarton, b^an 
his clerical career as Chaplain to Lady 
Elphinston of Blythswood. His first wife 
was "Janet Dennestone," who died in 
1653, leaving "an only bairn Janet";* 
the lady of the name of M'Farlan was 
therefore his second wife, and no doubt 
she came to Strathblane with her son, 
the young bachelor minister, to house- 
keep for him when he settled there. 
The dale of her death is partly obliter- 
ated, but there is enough left to show 
that she died before her son was trans- 
lated to Dalkeith in 1700. A few months 
before Mr. Elphinston left Strathblane he 
married "Mrs, Kathrine Moncrieff," in 
the parish of Lasswade.^ 


After Mr. Elphinston left the parish there was some talk of giving a call 
to Mr, James Gilchrist, the minister of New Cumnock, who was put forward by 
the Marquis of Montrose's friends, but this came to nothing, as the other 

^FaiL Ecc. Seel. lii. 339- 

'The arms on Ihe lombslone are evidently intendeci for a M'Farlane coal, Ihough al firat 
sighl, and before reading the inscriplion lound Ihe stone, one would nstuially conctu<le tbey 
were the artnorial bearings of Mr. James Gray, whose name and dates of admission and deatli 
ate engraved on the square tablet above them. The explanation of this confusion of M'Farlane 
arms ajid Gray natne is probably this. After Mr, Elphinston buried his mother he left the 
square tablet blank to be filled at bis own death with his name and relative dates. No doubt, 
however, he was buried at Dalkeith, where he died in 1709, and the tablet remained unused. 
When Mr. Gray, a succeeding minister of Strathblane, died in 1766, and was buried beneath 
this stone, the blank tablet was doubtless found a convenient anil fitting place to incise his 
Dame and the dates of his admission and death. There is a second Strathblane minister 
buried imdcr this interesting old stone — the Rev. Hamilton Buchanan, who dieil in 1841. 


heritors and the parishioners generally declined to join in it. The parish there- 
fore remained vacant till the 6th May, 1702, on which day Mr. James 
Livingstone was ordained and set apart for the work of the ministry at 

Mr. Livingstone was quite a young man. He had been educated at the 
University of Glasgow, and, after leaving it, was in 1701 Chaplain of Dumbarton 
Castle. In the Records of the Presbytery of Dumbarton, 7th January, 1701, the 
following occurs: — 

"The Prby'^ hearing a savoury account of the piety and other good quali- 
fic'^es of Mr. James Livingstone, Chaplain of the Castle of Dumbartane, and of 
M' James Bane, student in the parish of Cardrosse, they do conclude to enter 
them both upon tryels.'' 

Mr. Livingstone was duly approved in them all and licensed to preach the 
gospel, and sent to supply the vacant pulpit of Strathblane for two Sundays. 
The parishioners no sooner heard him than they gave him a call, when the 
following proceedings, which are rather curious, took place before the Presbytery 
6th January, 1702 : — 

" Anent the Call of Strathblane . . . Mr. Livingstone being called in declared 
as to the call of Strathblane that he was in a strait about it, for though he 
believed it might be unanimous enough as to the inhabitants of the paroch yet 
he was informed that the Marquise of Montrose and Duntraiths doers (or 
factors) resented it that they had not been owned nor their consent sought to 
the s^ call which also Dougalstone signefied to the Presbytery by a letter. The 
Presbytery taking this to their consideration found that Mr. John Andersone 
Dumbarton having by appointment of the Presbytery waited upon the Marquise 
of Montrose at Edinburgh shortly after the vacancy of Strathblane .... to 
know his inclinations anent the planting of that parish had received answer from 
the Marquise that if the Presbytery and paroch of Strathblane pleased them- 
selves in that affair he should not be displeased, and that therefore the want of 
his exprest consent needed make no demurr at this time, however to remove 
all scruples on this head the Presbytery appoints a letter to Dougalstone to be 
written giving an account of M' Livingstone and excusing the neglect of the 
paroch in not consulting himself as Duutraith's doer in that part and intreating 
him to use his influence with Montrose for composeing any quarrell he might 
have with the paroch on account of the fores^ neglect; and withal they advise 
the elders and other considerable persons in the paroch to wait upon Dougal- 
stone to acknoledge and excuse themselves at his hands and that some of the 

^ It appears from an inscription on a tombstone in the churchyard that James Livingstone 
was a son of John Livingstone and Isobel Stirling. These are both Strathblane names; the 
new minister may therefore have been a native of the parish. 


neighbouring ministers particularly M' John Dougall help them therein upon all 
which the Presbytery prevailed with M' Livingstone to keep the call till the 
issue were seen." 

The parish accordingly humbled themselves before Dougalstone, and the result 
appears in the following minute of Presbytery, 3rd February, 1702 : — " Anent the 
affair of Straithblane it was found that the method laid down by the Presbyterie 
had taken effect, Dougalstone by a letter to the Presbytery signifying his consent 
in Duntraith's name to the Call to M' Livingstone and also that the Marquise 
of Montrose would be passive in the case." 

The matter was thus brought to a satisfactory termination, and Mr. Livingstone 
was duly ordained to the parish, as already shown. Mr. Livingstone was an 
active, good minister, attending well both to the spiritualities and temporalities 
of the parish. He also strengthened his Session considerably.^ 

An event took place in the parish in 17 14 which very much disturbed the 
worthy minister and the Session. It is best described in the words of the 
Session Records: — 

"At Balewne December 21 17 14 
"After prayer 

" Sederunt M' James Livingstone Moderator, James Browne, James William- 
sone, William Browne elders. 

" The qlk day the minister informed the sessione that upon the sixteen of this 
instant some of these people who were present w' W" Morresone and Janet 
Logan att their marriage as they went into the Church to be married and find- 
ing ane empty grave new made had either by themselves or their influence put 
in the mools (that is the earth) in the Empty grave alledging that it was un- 
luckie to be married q' there was ane empty grave. The Session considering 
that this was ane Heathenish Superstition and a plain observing of Enchant- 
ments which Enchantments and Observations are expressly forbidden in the 
Holy Scripture Lev 19. 26. Deut 18. 10. and severely threatened Is 47. 9. 
and considering by ane act of the Generall Assembly in anno 1640 all min- 
isters are injoyned to take notice of charms and witches and abusers of the 
people and to urge the Acts of Parliament to be execute against theme. As 
also by the overtours about these things in anno 1643, wherefore the Session 
think themselves obleiged to take notice of such avowed Superstition and being 
informed that George Bryce and Thomas M'^Indoe both in Wester Mugdock 
were the makers of this Grave, they appoint their officer to summond the 
s* two persons to th' next meeting which is to be upon the twenty sixth of this 


' Among the new elders appear James Williamson and John Smith of Craigend, John 
mie, and William Neil. James Shearer was now an elder and John M 'Alpine a deacon. 



instant that they may give them Infonnatione quo were the men who did 

"Session December 26 17 14 
"After prayer 

" Sederunt M' James Livingstone moderator James and William Browns James 
Williamsone John M^'Indoe John Buchannan Ja mes .Shirer elders, John M'Alpine 
George Ronald Deacons the s"* Day George Bryce and Thomas M'Indoe being 
called compeared, the moderator enquired how it came they suffered The Grave 
to be filled againe they answ^ that a man took the spade out of one of their 
hands and thrust in the mools into the Grave saying that it was indecent to 
see ane open Grave qn persons were to be married and Lykewayes they being 
asked if they knew the man, they answered they knew him not but as they 
understood he lived in Campsie. They acknoledged it was a fault and were 
rebuked for it The Moderator appoints the Elders to make search qo it was 
that filled the Grave and to give report theirof to the Sessione." 

The end of the matter was that Malcolm Kincaid appeared before the Session 
and was sharply rebuked. The story is curious in itself, and also shows that 
marriages in Strathblane were celebrated in church at this time. 

Ever since poor Mr. Cochran sixty-four years ago had erected in the church 
his "new place of publick repentance " and purchased his "harne gowne" "for 
the use of penitents," both, unfortunately, had been in constant use by offenders 
of both sexes, but never till 17 16 had it been necessary to call in the Civil 
Magistrate to enforce the decrees of the Session. The two following extracts 
from the Session Records show how a refractory woman was treated: — 
"Dec 30, 1 7 16. 

"Janet Martin being called compeared not, the Session appoints the Min- 
ister to give her up to the Civil Magistrate as a disobedient person to Church 
judicatories in regard that she had been summoned before to produce a testifi- 
cate of her morality and had oft times refused to come and still failled to 
produce her testificate when she came." 
"Janu'' II, 1717. 

"Sederunt The minister, James, John and William M^Indoe, James and 
William Browns, Johns M'^CouU, Buchanan and Smith, James Williamsone, 
Archibald Edmonstone elders, John M^Alpine deacon. This day the minister 
reports that having obtained from James Graham Justice of Peace a warrant 
to James I^itch constable annent Janet Martin and that the said Leitch had 
brought her the length of the Manse on her way to the Pit of Mugdock but 
that the said Martin had desired a delay only till the next Monday and then 
she wad bring her absolviter." 

The end of the matter was that Janet humbled herself, the terrors of the pit or 


prison at Mugdock being too great for her, and she was finally pardoned, doubt- 
less after a due use of the public place of repentance and the harne gowne. 

At the Session, ist December, 1723, another case of superstition appears. 
It is thus recorded in the Session Records : — ** This day reported by the Min- 
ister that there was a flagrant report that on one or other of the days of Sep- 
tember or October last qn £lz Stephen had a horse dyen of some disease and 
people standing about the horse Catherine Cameron in Easter Cult came and 
called for a catt and caused William M^'Eldo Elizabeth Stevens servant stand on 
the one side of the horse while she stood on the other side and she gave the 
catt over the horse back to him and he gave the catt under the horse belly to 
her and so they put the catt three times round about the horse and the horse 
Immediately Recovered. 

*^The Session appoint her to be summoned before them against the fifth of 
this instant." 

'•December 5, 1723. 

''This day Catherine Cameron being called compeared and confessed as 
was libelled and said that she did it in ignorance having seen it done before 
and that it had been very troublesome to her since and that she would never 
do the like of it again ; she being removed, the Session found it was a real 
charm and a piec of great wickedness and having rii)ely considered the affair yn 
regard that she was a poor ignorant woman not being capable of reading the 
Scriptures, and that she had made an Ingenious Confession and that there 
appeered to be a change in her conversation to the better for some time and 
that it was the first time that ever she was attacted for any thing scandellous 
they Judged it most convenient that she should be called before the Session the 
next Sabbath and gravely Rebuked and that this Censur should be Intimate to the 
Congregation by the Min' and the people Informed of the evill of such prodiges 
and admonished to guard against them and to be told that if ever any of them 
be found guilty of such actions in time Coming they will be prosecuted with the 
highest censures of the Church and delated to the Civill Magistrate to be punished 
by them it being criminal. Shee being called in this was Intimate unto her and 
she was summoned Apud Data to compear before the Session the next Sabbath." 

This was duly done, and William M'Eldo, who had assisted her in working 
the charm, was also '* gravely admonished." ^ 

^ The Session of Strathblane were also always ready to help in any useful or charitable work — 
thus : — 

'•August 31, 1729. This day the minister read a paper from his Majesty King George and 

also an Act of Assembly for gathering a Collection for the Harbor of 
St. Andrews. The Session appointed tne Collection to be collected from 
house to house." 

•* Septr. 26, 1731. Collection to be made through the parish for a distressed Protestant Qly 

called Rieddan in Polland." 



Little or nothing more of interest is known of Mr. Livingstone's doings in 
the parish. Anything, however^ that can be gleaned is satisfactory. In July 
1729, for instance, Wodrow says* — "Our communions this summer are sweet 
.... particularly at Strathblane, where Mr. Livingstoun is, they talk of more 
than two hundred new communicants from themselves and neighbouring congre- 
gations." Two years before this time society or prayer meetings were by advice 
of the Session set up in various parts of the parish, and were well attended, 
and when the famous George Whitefield was in Scotland in 1742 the minister of 
Strathblane invited him to the parish. He accepted the invitation, and from the 
north-west comer of the churchyard preached to an enormous crowd, who came 
far and wide to hear him, and stood on the grassy slope just below him. It was 
a heart-stirring and beautiful scene, and must have rejoiced the heart of good 
old Mr. Livingstone. It was one of the closing events of his useful career 
in Strathblane, for he died next year, 12th August, 1743, in the forty-second year 
of his ministry. Mr. Livingstone's wife was Christian Jacques, " a stranger from 
her native land," as her tombstone tells us, and by her he had a family. 

The settlement of the next minister was a most unfortunate and complicated 
affair. The Presbytery Records narrate that at its meeting, 6th December, 


*' This day compeared the Lairds of Law, and Ballagan and gave in a petition 

signed by several heritors and elders in the Parish of Strathblane craving the 

Presbytery would allow them a Hearing of M' James Craig, M' James Gray 

and M' John Monteith, Probationers." The Presbytery granted this petition and 

appointed Mr. James Gray to appear before the next Presbytery and preach before 

them. This accordingly he did and was approven and ordered to supply 

Strathblane next Sabbath. 

"The same day 20 Deer 1743 the laird of Carbeth appeared and presented 
a petition signed by several heritors and elders in the Parish of Strathblane, 
craving a hearing of M' John Monteith." This also was willingly agreed to, and 
as a preliminary Mr. Monteith was appointed to appear before the Presbytery 
and preach "first Tuesday of February next" 

Thus far ever3rthing had gone smoothly. Mr. James Craig was a very natural 
and proper person for the Parish to wish for, being the second son of Gilbert 
Craig of Leddriegreen in the parish,^ and Mr. James Gray was a neighbour, the 
brother of the Rev. Andrew Gray of New Kilpatrick, and no doubt also very 
suitable. The third on the leet, Mr. John Monteith, had also, we may be sure, 

^Analecia^ p. 67. 

'One of the accusations in a libel against Mr. John Colquhoun, presentee to the parish of 
Baldernock, was that he had *' said and affirmed that Mr. James Craig, preacher of the Gospel 
Slrablane, was an insipide bitch." — (Presb. Records, 3rd July, 1744.) 

2 E 


the proper qualifications. There was every promise, therefore, of the parish 
being well supplied, after the luxury of hearing and criticising sermons, the 
whole ending in a popular election. But at this point all these expectations 
were dashed to the ground, for at a meeting of the Presbytery of Dumbarton, 
3rd January, 1744, "Compeered David Graeme of Orchill and gave in a 
presentation by himself as Provost of the Provostry of the CoUedgeate Church 
of Dumbarton and thereby patron of the Parish Churches belonging to the said 
Provostry wherof the Parish of Strathblane is one, with consent of His Grace 
the Duke of Montrose, Patron of the said Provostry, to M' Jaxnes Gray pro- 
bationer to be minister of the said parish of Strablane now vacant, together 
with a letter of acceptance from the said M' Gray both which were read and 
upon Delivery of both which the above David Graeme of Orchill took Instru- 
ments ua the Clerk's hands and craved the Presbytery would proceed to his 
tryalls and settlement according to the rules of the Church." The same day 
"compeared Adam Colchoun wryter in Dumbarton and produced a commission 
from the laird of Law as having a commission from .the laird of Duntreath a 
considerable heritor in Strathblane and protested in his name and in name of 
such other of the Heritors as shall adhexe to him against the Presbytery re- 
ceiving or using any step in consequence of the above presentation to M' Gray 
for the reasons contained in a petition signed by a great number of Heritors 
and Elders of the Parish of Strablane and a great many Heads of families con- 
curring therewith and whose petition was likewise produced and craved to be 
read and further craved that the Presbytery would proceed to moderate a call 
to M' John Monteith Probationer and thereupon took instruments." Thus then 
there was the Duke of Montrose, through Mr. Graeme of Orchill, presenting Mr. 
Gray to the parish, and the heritors, session, and heads of families of Strathblane 
presenting Mr. Monteith, and each claiming a legal right to do so. The Duke 
bounded his right to present upon his being patron of the Provostry of Dum- 
barton, to which the Chmrch of Strathblane belonged, and in support of his 
claim Mr. Graeme offered to produce, and did produce, the following writs : — 

ist, An original Charter under the Great Seal granted by King Charles II. 
to his natural son, Charles Duke of Richmond and Lennox, of the dukedom of 
Lennox, bearing among other particulars — "Cum advocatione donatione et jure 
Patronatus Praepositurae et Praebendariorum Ecclesiae CoUegiatae de Dum- 
barton et omnium alianim ecclesiarum et Capellanearum earundem," and likewise 
containing the following reservation, viz., " Excipiens et reservans vitalem donati- 
onem per nos con cess Francissae I^nniciae et Richmondiae Ducessae de 
reditibus et casualitibus dicti status duran omnibus suae Vitae diebus." 

2nd, Writs for connecting the progress to the estate of Lennox and patron- 
age of the Provostry of the Collegiate Church of Dumbarton from Charles Duke 



of Lennox to the deceased David Marquis of Graham, immediate predecessor 
to His Grace William Duke of Montrose therein. 

3rd, Special Retour of William, now Duke of Montrose, as heir, and bearing 
among others the patronage of the Provostry of the Collegiate Church of Dum- 
barton, and all its churches and chapels ; and 

4th, A presentation and commission by the said William Duke of Montrose, 
as having right in manner foresaid, to the said David Graeme of Orchill to be 
Provost of the Provostry of the said Collegiate Church of Dumbarton during 
His Grace's pleasure, with power of presenting ministers to the churches belong- 
ing to the said Provostry, eta, etc. Dated aist October, 1743. 

The claim of the heritors of Strathblane to the right of patronage was 
founded on the fact that they had purchased the right of presentation from 
Cunningham of Enterkin, Provost of the Provostry of the Collegiate Church of 
Dumbarton, constitute by Frances Duchess of Lennox, who had a right to the 
Dukedom of Lennox and therewith to the patronage of the said Provostry ; and 
in support of this allegation Mr. Colchoun on behalf of the heritors produced — 
I St, Enterkin's renunciation of the right of patronage in favour of the heritors 
of Strathblane, dated 12th January, 1692, and registered i8th April, 1694; and 
a decreet of the Lords of Council and Session on that affair, of date i6th Feb- 
ruary, 1692. 2nd, An extract of the Duchess of Lennox' commission to Enter- 
kin, dated 20th September, 1681, . . . appointing him Provost of the Provostry 
of the Collegiate Church of Dumbarton, and entiding him to all and sundry the 
fruits, rents, emoluments, and profits thereof. 

The Duke's answer through Mr. Graeme was, that Frances Duchess of 
Lennox was only liferentrix of the said estate and patronage, and that no Pro- 
vost of the said Provostry could without the consent of his constituent de- 
lapidate the patrimony or rights of the Provostry; so much the less could 
Cunningham of Enterkin, who was constitute by a bare liferenter, delapidate 
any of the said rights. 

On the I St May, 1744, parties having been heard at full length, the Presby- 
tery decided that " His Grace the Duke of Montrose is patron of the Provostry 
of the Collegiate Church of Dumbarton, and therefore sustains the presentation 
by David Graeme of Orchill, present Provost, with consent of the said Duke of 
Montrose, to Mr. James Gray, to be minister of the parish of Strathblane, to be 
valid in the present case." 

Mr. Graeme was naturally quite satisfied with this decision, and craved the 
Presbytery to lose no further time in settling Mr. Gray in the parish; but 
Mr. Colchoun suddenly discovered that " the Presbytery are not propper judges 
as to the civil rights of patronages," and appealed to the civil magistrate. 

It is unnecessary to give in detail all that took place during the next 


three years. The parish was much divided in opinion as to the proper course 
to be followed. Some urged the Presbytery "to fix a short day for moder- 
ating in a call at large for a gospel minister " for the parish ; others craved 
that "the Presbytery would settle the presentee among them and moderate in 
a call to him " ; and others insisted that Mr. John Monteith should be settled : 
and so time wore away for fully three years. 


1 748-1 7 66. 

On the nth August, 1747, Mr. Graeme appeared before the Presbytery and 
informed them that the Lords of Council and Session had determined the right 
of presentation to the parish of Strathblane in favour of the Duke of Montrose, 
and again craved a moderation to Mr. James Gray, the presentee. This the 
Presbytery agreed to, and after some farther proceedings the reverend gentleman 
was settled in Strathblane, 21st April, 1748, after it had been vacant for nearly 
five years. 

During all this long time Mr. Gray had almost constantly filled, by orders of 
the Presbytery, the pulpit of Strathblane; and when he was settled in the 
parish he was well received, and passed an uneventful life in it during the 
eighteen years of his ministry. He was son of the Rev. John Gray, a member 
of a very old Lanarkshire family, the Grays of Carntyne and Dalmamock, 
and was minister of the Wynd and afterwards of St. Andrew's Church, 
Glasgow. His elder brother was the Rev. Andrew Gray, minister of New 
Kilpatrick and laird of Kilmardinny in that parish. His wife was Agnes 
Foggo; and by her he had a son, John, who succeeded to Kilmardinny on 
his uncle's death in 1776.^ 

The Rev. James Gray died i6th November, 1766. 



On the 14th April, 1767, at a meeting of the Presbytery of Dumbarton, 
a letter was received from Mr. John Smith, writer in Buchanan, enclosing a 
presentation from the Duke of Montrose "to Mr. James Morrison, minister 
in Killeam, to be minister of Strathblane," and a letter of acceptance from 
Mr. Morrison was also tabled. The usual formalities took place, and on the 
22nd October of the same year the new minister was inducted and welcomed 
by the parish. 

'Tohn Gray of Kilmardinny married in 1777 Jane Farquhar, heiress of Gilmilnscroft in 


He remained, however, but a short time in it, for in March, 1769, he 
received a call from the Laigh Church of Paisley, and shortly afterwards he 
was settled there. His removal was much regretted by the people of Strath- 
blane, for, during his brief incumbency, he had gained their affections and 
done good work among them.^ 


1 770-1 784. 

At a meeting of the Presbytery of Dumbarton held on the 5th December, 
1769, a presentation to Strathblane was received from the Duke of Montrose 
in favour of the Rev. Archibald Smith, and at the same time a letter of 
acceptance from him was produced. 

Archibald Smith was a son of the Rev. John Smith, minister of Fintry, and 
he had been for some years pastor of the Scottish Church at Rotterdam. On 
the loth May, 1770, he was translated to Strathblane, and on the same day he 
gave in a petition for an inspection of the manse, showing *Uhat whereas the 
manse* and office houses of the said parish, by reason of the several vacancies 
which have happened in it, have gone into disrepair and want immediate repara- 
tion in order properly to accommodate him and his family." The petition was 
granted, and on the 24th of the same month the inspection took place and ^'^£^55 
sterling was awarded for the purpose of repairs." ^ 

The appointment of Mr. Smith was an excellent one for the parish. He was 
active and energetic in looking after its secular affairs, and it was very much 
due to him that the much-needed schoolhouse and salary for the schoolmaster 
were at last secured, and extensive repairs and additions made to the church. 
He was, too, an earnest and good preacher,^ and administered discipline faith- 
fully, though what follows shows that he had sometimes his difficulties in 
doing so. 

The Kirkhouse, a tavern at the church gate, was often the scene of very 

^ His time too in Strathblane, so far as he was personally concerned, was not altogether 
misspent, for he there made the acquaintance of Mary Harvie, wife at that time of the Rev. 
James Craig of Leddriegreen — a lady who a few years afterwards was a widow, and in virtue 
of her husband's settlement proprietrix of Leddriegreen. In 1776 Mr. Morrison married the 

'The heritors present at the inspection were — "Mr. Stewart of Finnick for Duntreath, Mr. 
Craig of Baleoun, Mr. Stirling, yr. of Craigbarnet, Mr. Lyle of Dumbrock, Mr. Lyle of Arle- 
haven, Mr. Dugald of Edenkill, Walter M*Indoe, portioner, of Carbeth ; James Foyer of Coult, 
Robert Provan and John Buchanan, portioners of Auchengillan, James Smith of GallowhiU, 
and John Graham, portioner of Mugdock." 

' Mr. Smith was very much addicted to snuflf, and on one occasion, in the middle of " a power- 
ful discourse," he stopped, and after saying, ** Let us pause, my brethren, and tak' a snuff, but 
see there be nae niffenng o* the mulls," refreshed himself, as did many of his hearers, with a 
copious pinch. 


scandalous and improper proceedings, doubly improper from being so near the 
sacred edifice, and in 1774 the keeper of it was in open rebellion against the 
minister and session. One of his many offences was his appearing at a meeting 
of session and threatening " to kick up the kirk officer's heels and trample him 
like dirt under his feet if he would but presume to go to his house and call 
his wife." The reason his wife was wanted was to give evidence about some 
case of irregularity which had taken place in the Kirkhouse. 

The session tried, but in vain, to deal with him in such a way as to bring 
him to repentance and punishment He was made over, therefore, to the 
Presbytery. He made rather a good defence, and brought some counter chaiges 
against the minister, and also averred '*that the reasons of this prosecution 
against him were that he would not allow the minister's hens to eat his com." 
The Presbytery appointed a committee to inquire into the affair and examine 
witnesses, and the end of the matter was that his charges against the minister 
were found groundless, and he was laid under the sentence of Lesser Excom- 
munication till he should repent and humble himself.^ 

On the .4th May, 1784, Mr. Smith intimated to the Presbytery a call from 
Kinross, and on the 12th of the same month he was loosed from his charge of 
Strathblane, and again the parish parted with their minister with sincere 



At a meeting of the Presbytery of Dumbarton on the loth August, 1784, 
a presentation to the parish of Strathblane from the Duke of Montrose in favour 
of the Rev. Alexander M*Aulay, minister at Monzie, was produced, and every- 
thing being in order, the induction took place on the 3rd September following. 

Beyond another visitation of the manse by the Presbytery, which resulted 
in further repairs, there is nothing of interest in the ecclesiastical history of the 
parish during Mr. M*Aulay's incumbency. On the 4th August, 1789, he had a 
presentation to the parish of Cardross, but as the right to the patronage was 
disputed, and a lawsuit ensued, it was not till 28th April, 1791, that he was 
loosed from his charge at Strathblane and entered on his new duties. 


1 791-1809. 

At the meeting of the Presbytery of Dumbarton, 28th June, 1791, a present- 

' Presb. and Sess. Records. 


ation to the parish of Strathblane by the Duke of Montrose in favour of Mr. 
Gavin Gibb was produced, and everything being in order, and the parish agree- 
able, the reverend gentleman was inducted on the 22nd September of the same 

Mr. Gibb had previously been minister of Fintry, and his removal to Strath- 
blane was a fortunate event for the latter parish, for while it is clear that he was 
an orthodox divine from the fact of his being made a Doctor of Divinity by the 
University of Glasgow in 1804, his judicious proceedings in the parish show that 
he was also well adapted to look after the secular aifairs of the community. He 
was an excellent practical farmer, and his example seems to have been valuable, 
for a report on the agriculture of the distnct, written in 1808,^ declared that 
''Strathblane is now the best cultivated parish in this neighbourhood, and 
presents some admirable specimens of husbandry, yet the Rev. Dr. Gibb, at 
his admission about sixteen years ago, obtained dung for the carriage. One 
farmer in the neighbourhood, who had accumulated a large quantity, considered 
it such a nuisance that he lent his teams to assist in removing it, and as the 
work was thought amazingly arduous, his example was followed by the whole 
parish." The intelligent cultivation of the soil thus commenced by Dr. Gibb 
has ever since continued a feature in the parish. 

In 1791, before Dr. Gibb's admission, the new road from Glasgow to Balfron 
was made, and the glebe was thereby cut up and a part of it appropriated to 
the public, for which no compensation had ever been paid to the parish. In 
1795 Dr. Gibb brought the matter before the Presbytery, who appointed a 
committee to help him, and so well were affairs managed that by the 3rd May, 
1796, he was able to report that a satisfactory bargain had been concluded with 
the Road Trustees.* 

Dr. Gibb's great work, however, was the procuring for the parish of a new 
church. In 1799 he first brought the subject before a willing and liberal 
body of heritors, and in 1803 the church was built.^ 

Dr. Gibb was translated to St Andrew's Church, Glasgow, on the 12th 
January, 1809. 

'^Farmer's Magaziru, 1808, vol. ix. p. 200, 

' The report of the Committee of the Presbytery was to the effect that the Road Trustees 
met them, and it was found that i rood and -16 falls had been taken off the glebe, value ;^ii 
5s. sterling, and that damages to the extent of jfi sterling had been done to the glebe other- 
wise. As it could not be arranged with the laird of Craigbamet for a piece of ground of this 
value, the sum of jf 12 5s. was left in the hands of the Trustees upon a note of acceptance 
by their Treasurer, payable to the Moderator of the Presbytery of Dumbarton, and that the 
annual interest at the rate of five per cent, from the year 1791, when the road was taken off, 
should be paid to the present incumbent of Strathblane and his successors in office, till the 
principal be paid. — (Presb. Records, 3rd May, 1796.) 

' An account of the churches of Strathblane, old and new, is given in another chapter. 




William Hamilton was licensed by the Presbytery of Hamilton, 4th Decem- 
ber, 1804, being then twenty-four years of age. After being assistant at 
Broughton and New Kilpatrick he was ordained in 1807 minister of St 
Andrew's Chapel, Dundee, and on the 14th September, 1809, he was inducted 
to Strathblane on the presentation of the Duke of Montrose. In 1824 he 
received the degree of Doctor of Divinity from the University of Glasgow. 

Dr. Hamilton was an energetic minister, and set on foot many useful 
schemes in the parish. Politics in Church and State, however, ran very high 
during his time, and the active part he took in them no doubt injured his 
usefulness with many of his parishioners. He was imfortunate, too, in being 
constantly engaged in law-suits with his heritors, in the earlier part of his 
ministry about teinds, and afterwards about the manse. 

The results of these long litigations were (i) the locality of 1830*31 by 
which the stipend was finally allocated at T03 bolls 2'/^ lippies meal, 9 bolls 
2 firlots 2 pecks 2*750 lippies here, and ^£^139 6s. 9Vsd. in money, and (2) 
the building in 1828 of a new manse. 

This new manse was sadly wanted. 

The Rev. John Cochran's manse of 165 1 had given place to another on 
the same site in 1732, and this one, in spite of large repairs at the close 
of the century, was by 1826 in a very rotten and uncomfortable state. Dr. 
Hamilton in his petition to the Presbytery of Dumbarton for repairs and more 
accommodation states ''that it was incurably damp, in a state of great disre- 
pair, and most incommodious, there being only two public apartments on the 
lower, and four bedrooms on the upper floor, besides kitchen and offices, that 
the public rooms were extremely small, being only about 15 feet by 12, and 
the height 7>^ feet." The Presbytery found that additional accommodation of 
two public rooms "of moderate dimensions" was required, and ordained "that 
besides repairs such an addition should be made to the manse." 

Several heritors having brought a suspension of this judgment, the Lord Ordin- 
ary remitted to Robert Wright, Dean of Guild of Edinburgh, to inspect the manse 
and report, and finally the court found — "That it is competent for a Presbytery 
to order additions to be built to an old manse so as to render it suitable for 
the minister," and found also "That the heritors are bound to be at the expense 
of making the manse comfortably dry and free from damp," and "remitted to 
the Presbytery to proceed accordingly." Lord Gillies, in giving his opinion, 
said, "I think the minister should at once claim for a new manse." ^ The 

^Shaw's Reports^ vol. v. p. 913. 



matter ended in a compromise by which the heritors gave Dr. Hamilton a 
sum of money, and allowed him to build a manse to his own taste. It was 
finished in 1828, and beyond necessary repairs there has been little change on 
it since. It was built on the opposite side of the Blane from the older manses, 
and a few yards farther up the stream than the last 

Dr. Hamilton was never a robust man; a severe illness in 1833 still more 
enfeebled him, and the following entry in the Session Records of the parish 
briefly but suitably records the end of an active life : — " Dr. Hamilton preached 
on Sabbath the 12th of April, 1835, from Prov. xi. 30, * He that wmneth souls 
is wise,' and died on the Thursday following, being the i6th of the month." ^ 

He was buried in Strathblane Churchyard, in the comer where the remains 
of so many of his predecessors are laid, and there an ample monument with 
a long inscription testifies to his worth. Dr. Hamilton was the author of many 
theological works, and his ''Life and Remains," written by his son, the Rev. 
James Hamilton, afterwards of London, was published in 1836.^ 



Dr. Hamilton's successor was the Rev. Hamilton Buchanan, who was pre- 
sented to the parish by the Duke of Montrose, and duly ordained on the 17th 
September, 1835. The Rev. Mathew Barclay of Old Kilpatrick officiated and 
preached from i Corinthians ii. 2, ** For I determined not to know anything 
among you, save Jesus Christ, and him crucified." 

Mr. Buchanan was the youngest son of John Buchanan, farmer in Trean, 
near Callander, and Mary M'Nee his wife. Of his six brothers four were min- 
isters of the Church of Scotland,^ the eldest being the Rev. Robert Buchanan 
of Peebles, afterwards the popular and excellent Professor of Logic in the Uni- 

^ Session Records, 26th April, 1835. 

*Dr. Hamilton's wife was Jane, daughter of Mr. William King of Paisley, and their 
children were (i) Rev. James Hamilton, D.D., F.L.S. of London, a well known preacher and 
literary man, bom 1814, died 1867 ; (2) Rev. William Hamilton, minister of the Free Church 
at Stonehouse, bom 1816 ; (3) Elizabeth, bora 1818, died 1831 ; (4) Mary, bom 1820, died 
1838 ; (O Jane, bom 1822, married the Rev. James Walker, minister of the Free Church at 
Carnwath, died 1849; (6) Andrew, bom 1826. 

*Mr. Buchanan of Trean was no ordinary man. To educate five sons for the Church on 
the profits of a small Highland farm rented at about £So a year was in itself no mean 
achievement ; but he was a poet, too, and translated Milton's *' Paradise Lost " into Gaelic 
verse as he followed the plough, stopping his horses from time to time to write down his com- 
pleted stanzas. He was also a diligent student of the science of astronomy, and constracted 
with his own hands celestial and terrestrial globes and an orrery. His sons in the Church of 
Scotland were — Robert, of Peebles, afterwards the professor ; John, of Kingarth, in Bute ; Peter, 
of Stitchell ; Thomas, of Logierate, afterwards of Methven ; and Hamilton, of Strathblane. He 
had two other sons, James, who succeeded him in Trean, and was an elder in the parish 
Church of Callander, and William. He had also three daughters. 

2 F 



versity of Glasgow. The young minister of Strathblane was much beloved in 
the parish, and his untimely death on the 3rd February, 1841, after an incum- 
bency of little more than six years, was much regretted by the parishioners, 
both young and old. The manse garden, always a productive one, was much 
improved by Mr. Buchanan, and the garden wall was built in his time. He 
died unmarried, and was buried in Strathblane Churchyard, in the same grave 
as the Rev. James Gray, a former minister. 



The Rev. James Pearson, a young minister, nephew of the venerable Dr. 
Haldane of St. Andrews, was presented to the parish in the usual way by the 
Duke of Montrose, and was well received by the people. He was ordained 
on the 7th July, 1842, and the Rev. Mr. Barclay of Old Kilpatrick, who had 
officiated at the ordination of his predecessor, again presided, and chose for 
his text I Timothy L 15. 

Mr. Pearson came to Strathblane towards the close of the unfortunate dis- 
putes in the Church which ended in the Secession of 1843. Hitherto there 
had been little dissent in the parish, and the number of those who now left the 
Church was but trifling. There was no Free Church required,^ and Mr. Pearson 
began his work with an almost unbroken congregation. It is true that three mem- 
bers of the Kirk Session resigned, but excellent men as they were their example 
was not followed, and their places were filled up next year. The following 
extract from the Minutes of the Kirk Session records the reason for the step 
they took, and the kindly spirit in which their brethren parted with thenu 

^^ Inter alia^ The Moderator read a letter which he had received signed 
George Ronald, James M*Lay, and John Ronald, intimating the resolution 
of these gentlemen to resign their office of elders in this parish, because the 
Legislature has declined to pass a measure satisfactory to them for the adjust- 
ment of the differences which have prevailed in the Church of Scotland. The 
Session, while they unanimously accept said resignations, express their gratitude 
to these gentlemen for their past services, and their great regret that they are no 
longer to enjoy the benefit of their co-operation in the office of the eldership, 
and request their Moderator to furnish them with a copy of this minute."* 

^The neat little Free Church and manse at the Netherton were built some years ago for 
the accommodation, principally, of Free Church families coming to the parish. The Roman 
Catholics, of whom tnere are now a good many, have their service in the Messrs. Coubrough's 

' Mr. James Provan of Auchengillan, another elder, also seceded, and afterwards joined the 
Free Church at Baldemock. His name is not mentioned in any minute of the Kirk Session, 
but he may not have sent in a formal resignation like the others. 



Mr. Pearson received the degree of Doctor of Divinity in 1865 from the 
University of Glasgow, and from the time he became minister of Strathblane 
to the close of his useful life he was unremitting in the discharge of his duties 
both in the parish and in the Church Courts. He took a kindly interest in 
the secular as well as the spiritual affairs of his parishioners, whose constant 
and judicious adviser he was in all their difficulties. He was on excellent 
terms, too, with his heritors, and was thus enabled to carry out the important 
improvements in the church and churchyard mentioned elsewhere. 

Dr. Pearson was by no means " a popular preacher," but the respect in which 
he was held always secured for him large and attentive audiences, and when he 
died on the 17th December, 1873, rich and poor alike felt that they had lost 
a friend who had their well-being thoroughly at heart, and the Church of Scot 
land was deprived of a most devoted son.^ 

He was buried in Strathblane Churchyard close to the west end of the 



Dr. Pearson was succeeded, on the presentation of the Duke of Montrose, by 
the Rev. Daniel John Ferguson, B.D. Mr. Ferguson was educated at Irvine 
Academy and at the Universities of Glasgow and Heidelberg, and was an ex- 
cellent student After being licensed by the Presbytery of Irvine he became 
assistant to Dr. Craik, of St George's, Glasgow, and then in turn to Dr. Grant, 
of St Mary's, and Dr. Robertson, of the New Greyfriars', Edinburgh. On the 
17th March, 1872, he was ordained minister of the parish of Bonhill, and on 
the 19th May, 1874, he was inducted to Strathblane. The Rev. Robert Bell 
of Milngavie officiated on the occasion. 

Gentle and sympathizing, Mr. Ferguson was popular in Strathblane, and 
though of a rather retinng disposition, he was, to his intimate friends, an ever 
welcome and genial companion. He loved to join his parishioners in their 
out-door amusements; and being, as every good parish minister should be, a 
keen curler, his presence at the bonspiels of the club always insured a good- 
humoured and hearty match. But, perhaps, Mr. Ferguson was seen to most 
advantage in the house of mourning or of sickness. He was there a friend 
whose kindly and consoling offices will never be forgotten by those who ex- 
perienced them. In the pulpit Mr. Ferguson was a singularly interesting 

^Dr. Pearson married on the 5th August, 1842, Mary Haig, who died 9th February, 1884. 
They had three children— (i) Janet, who married John Simpson, C.E., and is now a widow 
with three children ; (2) Eliiabeth ; (3) Robert Haldane, who married his cousin, Margaret 


1 believed what he taught, and his thoughts 

]riate and beautiful language. Mr. Fei^uson 

several years his health was gradually giving 

the 8th April, 1886, in the forty-first year of 

[885 Henrietta Hamilton Montgomery, who 

buried in the new part of the Churchyard 

se to the spot where so many Strathblane 

».„»»... ».^ _„^ -..^ n-'-". '- marked by a simple marble cross on which 

his name is cut, and, by his own desire, the text, "When ye pray, say, Our 

Father which art in Heaven," words which fittingly commemorate a doctrine 

he constandy and earnestly impressed on his people — The Fatherhood of God. 

i passing througb the press the parish is engaged in the work ot 



There are no existing records to show when or where the earliest Christian 
church in Strathblane was built There may have been a chapel near the 
Netherton, dedicated to St Kessog or MacKessog, whose memory is kept alive 
in the parish by the well named after the holy man. This old well is just on 
the march between Cult Craig and Wester Leddriegreen, about two hundred 
yards north of the public road, at the west side of the Crossbill. The existence 
of such a chapel is, however, matter of conjecture, and it may be that the site 
of the present church is that which has been always occupied by a House of 
God from the earliest Christian times. ^ 

But though this is not absolutely certain, there is no doubt at all that the 
church of to-day occupies the same position as the Parish Church of the fifteenth 
century. When the Lady Mary Stewart, sister of King James I. and wife of Sir 
William Edmonstone of Duntreath, died in the second quarter of that century, 
she was buried within the Church of Strathblane, and the interesting researches 
of the late Sir Archibald Edmonstone in 1844 ^ proved that her grave is within 
the present church. 

Whether this fifteenth century church was kept in repair and formed the 
church of the succeeding century, or whether a new one was built on the same 
site and became the first Protestant Church of Strathblane is not known, but 
there are incidental allusions in the Presbytery and Session Records which show 
that the church where the first Protestant service was held in 1560 was the 
same which was taken down and rebuilt in the beginning of the eighteenth 
century. The reader's desk, firom which Mr. Cuik first read the Bible in the 

^ There is a very old standing-stone in the churchyard, but most probably it was 
placed there long before there was any church in the parish, and there are still ruins 
of the old Chapel of Mugdock close to the castle, but this was the private chapel of the 
barons and earls. 

'Printed in the Appendix. 


vulgar tongue to the wondering parishioners, remained in it to the end, as well 
as the pulpit from which Mr. Stoddert, his superior, preached the new doctrines 
of the Church, and from which too, in 1672, the pious Archbishop Leighton 
expounded his gentle dogmas of charity and brotherly kindness. "The new 
publict place of repentance " which Mr. Cochran, in the enthusiasm of his early 
ministry, built for the good of his flock in 1650, did its duty but too often 
and well for fully half a century. The old bell, repaired at Rossdhu in 1655, 
was still chiming in 1700, and it was only when the walls could be kept stand- 
ing no longer •* with pinning and casting " ^ that the venerable edifice was 
swept away. 

The succeeding church, again on the same site, was by no means a success; 
no picture of it is extant, and it is only from a few scattered notices of it 
that any idea can be formed of its appearance. It is described at the end of 
last century by Mr. Gibb, then minister of Strathblane, as "a mean building 
erected in the beginning of the present century; and having been never lathed 
and plastered, the bare walls and roof without ceiling present a very sorry 
appearance for a place of worship." ^ 

The Montrose family had a " loft " or gallery in it, which was entered by an 
outside stair leading to it alone. There was also "a common loft on the west 
end of the church," to which access was had by another outside stair \ ^ and in 
1782 Archibald Edmonstone of Spittal made an arrangement with Sir Archibald 
Edmonstone of Duntreath, which was sanctioned by the Session, under which 
he was allowed "to erect a loft .... in the Kirk of Strathblane upon the 
wall of Sir Archibald Edmonstone's burial place, which fronts the pulpit, the 
said loft to extend from the said wall towards the pulpit only so far as to 
contain two pews or two rows of sitters." * There is no doubt that the Church 
of Strathblane at the end of last century was everything that a church should 
not be — unsightly without, and confused and mean within. 

On the 27th September, 1799, ^^ heritors had a meeting, and were unani- 
mously of opinion "that the church was in a very bad state, but owing to the 
high price of wood and all kinds of work at present they would wish to defer 
building a new church for a few years, in their opinion not exceeding three," ^ 
and at a full meeting of heritors, just three years later, it was unanimously 
resolved to build a new church. 

The committee of heritors who were appointed to carry out this resolution 

^ Session Records. 

2 Old Statistical Account of Scotland , vol. xviii. p. 575. 

^ Session Records, 3rd February, 1 7 14. 

' Session Records, loth October, 17S2. 

* Heritors' Sederunt Book, 



were Mr. Stirling of Craigbamet, Mr. Davidson, W.S., for Sir Archibald Edmon- 
stone, Mr. Graham of Ballagan, Mr. Robison of Leddriegreen, Mr. Smith of 
Craigend, Mr. Foyer of Cult, Mr. Edmonstone of Spittal, Mr. M*Indoe of 
Carbeth, and the Rev. Mr. Gibb. 

Steps were at once taken to have a proper church built. Mr. John Brash, 
architect in Glasgow, made the plans and prepared the contracts;^ Mr. Archibald 
Grahame, banker, Glasgow, of the Mugdock family, was appointed arbiter in all 
disputes that might arise during the building, and sole arbiter for the allocation 
of seats on the completion of the church. It was also arranged between the 
Duke of Montrose and Sir Archibald Edmonstone, with the sanction of the 
other heritors, that the Duke, who had the right as patron to have the 
principal seat, should give up this privilege to Sir Archibald, who was to be 
allowed to erect ''a gallery and appartment underneath, for the accommodation 
of his family, on the west end of said intended new church, fronting the pulpit, 
and that at his own expense, exclusive of his proportion of building and finish- 
ing the said church in common with the rest of the heritors." It was also 
agreed, "as the heritors do not consider it absolutely necessary to build a 
session house," that a place for a door was to be provided in the plans of the 
church "immediately behind, and close by the pulpit, so as a session house 
may be erected at the easter gable in case it shall afterwards be found necessary 
or convenient," and " a flew to be carried up in the east gable lest a chimney 
be required for a session house." 

The church was built of stone from the Kirklands Quarry, belonging to 
Mr. Stirling of Craigbamet ;;^i,i3o was the contract price of it, and £,2^b 
for Sir Archibald Edmonstone's gallery and apartment Both, however, cost 
somewhat more. The whole was finished and ready for occupation by ist 
January, 1804. The decree of Archibald Grahame allocating the seats of the 
church is dated at Dalmarnock, his house, loth October, 1804, and it is in 
force still. 

There were improvements made in the churchyard about this time. The 
wall was built or repaired; and some new ground taken in at the back of the 
church, for which £,<^ was paid to Robert Mitchell, who was laird of the Kirk- 
house at this time. The mausoleum of the Edmonstone family was also built; 
and at a meeting of the heritors held on 25 th April, 1805, ^^ ^^s minuted 
that "no burials to be in future inside of the church," Mr. Foyer of Cult 
alone protesting.^ 

^ The name of the mason who built the charch was Ramsay, and the woodwork was done 
by John Craig and James Mason, both of Strathblane. 

» Heritors' Sederunt Book, 


All through these important proceedings the heritors behaved with liberality, 
good sense, and promptitude, and the result was a church in every way in- 
finitely superior in comfort and appearance to most country churches of the 
day.^ It is true it was very plain inside, and perhaps the few ornaments it 
possessed were not in very good taste — thus, "the canopy over the pulpit was 
to be finished with a pine apple gilded," and the old dusty green curtains 
over the east window never fell in graceful folds; the ceiling, too, was flat, and 
the seats plain and uncomfortable. 

The first improvement was the removal of the gilded pine apple from the 
top of the pulpit canopy and the substitution of the Christian emblem of a 
cross. The next was the taking away of the flat ceiling and the forming of an 
open roof; but the crowning improvements, and those which have made it both 
within and without one of the prettiest little country churches in Scotland, were 
effected in 1870 by the late Sir Archibald Edmonstone. His successor, the 
present baronet. Sir William, generously carried out to completion the arrange- 
ments of his brother. 

The improvements made by the Duntreath family were, the increasing of 
the pitch of the roof and the rearrangement of the ceiling; the remodelling 
of the belfi*ey and the recasting of the bell ; the alteration of the east window 
and the pulpit; the opening up of the two side galleries to the right and left 
of the old Duntreath loft, and the seating of all three. The plaster work and 
painting of the whole church was also done by them. The other heritors 
reseated the area of the church with comfortable new pews, the aisles being 
reduced at the same time from one in the middle and one close to either wall, 
to the present two, thus both improving the appearance of the church and 
gaining a certain number of sittings. Sir Archibald Edmonstone and Dr. Pearson 
personally arranged and superintended the whole work. 

The baptismal font now in use in Strathblane Church is set in an old 
font, or perhaps piscina, belonging to the church in pre-Reformation days. It 
was for long built into the wall of a small guard-house which stood at the 
church gate, and which was removed when the improvements were made on 
the church. 

The Church of Strathblane has thus altered much, both in outward and in- 
ward appearance, since its erection in the beginning of this century, and so have 
its services and congregation. Till Dr. Pearson's time there was very little of the 
Bible read before sermon as now, certainly no regular portion of Old and New 
Testament Scripture. There was a psalm sung, a very long prayer, a sermon 

* The "vesica piscis" window in the gable above the door is in very good taste; such 
windows are unusual in Scotland, particularly so in churches built in tne beginning of 
this century. 



or lecture, another prayer, a psalm or paraphrase, and then the benediction. 
An interval of an hour ensued, during which the privileged few went to the 
manse in winter, and the manse garden in summer, but the bulk of the congre- 
gation spent the time in friends' houses in the village or in refreshing them- 
selves in the public-house. The afternoon service was a counterpart of that 
of the forenoon. Dr. Pearson's first improvement was doing away with the 
interval and having both sermons at one sitting, but this soon proved a failure. 
The service was far too long, and was wearisome, and particularly unedifying 
to the young, who could not possibly listen so long, nor calmly fall asleep like 
many of their seniors. Those who remember this period have no doubt not 
forgotten their feelings of despair when, on a hot summer afternoon, with the 
church redolent of balm, peppermint, and other herbs, and a general stuffiness 
prevailing, a new psalm was sung, a new long prayer said, and the worthy 
minister — ^apparently as fresh as in the morning — gave out a second text and 
proceeded to preach another regular sermon of the orthodox three heads and 
an application type. Happily this system did not last long; Dr. Pearson's good 
sense soon showed him its impropriety; but old customs die hard in country 
places, and something of the nature of a compromise was tried. It was still 
thought quite necessary to have two sermons, but by cutting one into two parts 
the desired effect was produced. Thus the third and new form of service was 
this : There was the psalm, the prayer, a rather longer sermon than before, but 
at the end of the second head a stop was made. The first sermon was over, 
a psalm was sung, and then the third head and application were delivered, and 
this formed the second sermon. Like most compromises this form of service 
was not a success, and Dr. Pearson then adopted the much better plan of having 
more praise and of reading portions of both the Old and New Testaments, and 
having one sermon only, and that without division. 

•*The second place in the Sanctuary," as old Mr. David Provan, who held 
it himself, used complacently to call the office of precentor, was often very 
indifferently filled. The General Assembly of 17 13 had recommended that 
such schoolmasters should be chosen as were capable of teaching the common 
tunes, and in Strathblane the Session always tried to carry this out, and in fact 
the understanding was that the schoolmaster was also to act as precentor. This 
often led to disastrous results, and the singing of the schoolmaster or his 
substitute was often anything but a "joyful noise." Those who remember 
Strathblane Church forty or fifty years ago, or longer, must acknowledge that, 
defective as it still is, the present music is vastly superior to what it was then. 
Another great improvement is the quietness at the beginning and end of service. 
This to a certain extent is due to the improved seating of the church, for 
many of the doors of the old pews did not fit well, and were dragged open 



with a loud noise and shut with a remorseless bang, but the main reason is the 
growing refinement of manners and feeling of propriety now prevailing in the 
parish. In nothing is this improvement more apparent than in the respectful 
and quiet way the congregation now disperses. Probably it was from no want 
of reverence, but within the memory of those now only middle-aged the time 
occupied in the delivery of the benediction was employed in getting hats and 
umbrellas ready, in seeing that the doors of the pews opened easily so that 
there might be no delay, and almost before the sound of the "Amen" had 
died away the longest legged of the congregation were half-way through the 

The manner of celebrating the sacrament of the Lord's Supper is also very 
different in Strathblane now from what it used to be. When Dr. Hamilton came 
to the parish it used to be dispensed once a year only \ he introduced a summer 
and a winter communion, and now it is held quarterly. The old arrangement 
was to have a series of " tables " of about forty communicants at a time and a 
separate service for each, now there is simultaneous communion. There certainly 
used to be some crowding in the passages and a good deal of noise from the 
opening and shutting of doors when one "table" was dispersing and another 
filling, and now everything is done in the quietest and nK)st solemn manner. 
Among the middle-aged, jjowever, there is a lingering feeling that the old way 
had its advantages, and many miss the long table stretching across the churcK, 
with the minister and eldeh in turn sjtting at the same board as the people, the 
interest of the table addresses by the several clergymen present, and the time- 
honoured custom of singing the fine old version of the ciii. Psalm — even although 
the precentor did " give out the line " — during the emptying and filling of the 
" tables." Fifty years ago, and much less, the Fasting Thursday of " the preach- 
ings " was as strictly kept as Sunday, and the Preparation Saturday and Thanks- 
giving Monday drew together an almost equally large congregation. All of these 
are now gone, and perhaps it is as well; and no doubt the more frequent com- 
munions are as it should be. Still there was a grandeur and solemnity and 
feeling of comfort and edification in those old half-yearly Strathblane com- 
munions; and it surely must always pain those who were accustomed to them 
in their youth when they hear it said that there was nothing but irreverence and 
bigotry in the old " Sacrament Sundays " of Scotland. 

Fifty years ago, and for long afterwards, there were many more baptisms 
in Strathblane Church than now. Indeed this excellent custom was as nearly 
universal then as private baptism is now. "The engaging parent" used to sit 
on the elders* bench, a little seat to the right of the pulpit and raised a few 
steps above the rest of the church ; and at the proper moment his infant was 
handed to him over some very sharp wooden spikes which formed part of the 



ornaments of the pulpit before it was lowered and altered. It used to be with 
a sigh of relief that the congregation saw the child safely over the spikes and 
into the arms of its often awkward and always " blate " father ; and when the 
rite was performed and the child safely back in its attendant's custody without 
being impaled, all breathed freely again. ^ 

Marriages were celebrated in church in Strathblane so late as 17 14, as 
appears from the Session Records, but this seemly custom had long given 
place to marriages at home till Dr. Pearson's elder daughter set a good example 
to the parish by her public marriage in the church. There have been one 
or two marriages there since, but the old custom revives but slowly. 

Funerals were conducted in Strathblane very much in the same way as in 
other parishes in Scotland. Before the funeral procession left the house there 
were several courses of whisky or wine and cake served, and before each of 
them a blessing was pronounced, and after them thanks returned, the whole 
being a " pious fraud " and an evasion of the injunction of the Directory for 
the Publick Worship of God, that there be no praying and reading at burials. 
Now, however, the refreshments are given up, and a suitable service of reading 
and prayer held in the house of mourning, and after the coffin is laid in the 
grave another short service is held in church. In the manner in which funerals 
were conducted, undoubtedly " the old ways " were not " better than the new." 

The aspect of the congregation is now in many ways different from what it 
used to be fifty years ago. Then it had a niral look; many of the men wore 
blue coats and gray plaids, and a sprinkling of old women appeared in white 
mutches and red cloaks. The bonnets and gowns, too, were not in the latest 
fashion as now, nor the hats and coats of the reigning make and cut. The 
women came to church with their Bibles wrapped in a white handkerchief, and 
a sprig of balm or mint or "appleringie" in their hands, and clattered over the 
unmatted floor into their seats ; and the men lounged in with their hats on, and 
shut the doors of their pews with a crash. There was no disrespect meant, but 
things are certainly altered for the better. 

Everyone went to church in those days, and the " crack in the kirkyard " 
was a weekly treat not to be missed. The men enjoyed it, standing together, 
or sitting on the churchyard wall, till the tuneless tolling of the old cracked bell 
ceased, when all in a body came into church. The women had their harmless 
gossip too as they stopped at the Kirk bum, if they were coming from the west, 
or at some other water if from other "airts" in the parish, to put on their 
stockings and shoes, which they had carried in their hands from home to be worn 

^An elder sister, a cousin, or some young female friend or neighbour, brought the infant 
into church towards the close of the service, and sat with, or more commonly without, the 
mother on a bench in front of the pulpit. 


in church; articles as quickly removed from feet to hands to be carried home 
again when the " kirk skailed." Few young women but lairds' daughters, and not 
all of them, wore shoes and stockings except in church and at market or fair. 

Within Strathblane Church there are only two old " memorials of the dead," 
the one being the tombstone of the Princess Mary of Scotland, wife of Sir 
William Edmonstone of Duntreath, and which bears this inscription — 

" Here lyes in the same grave with Mary Countess of Angus, sister to King James the 
First of Scotland, from whom he is lineally descended, Archibald Eklmonstone, Esq. of 
Duntreath in this kingdom, and of Redhall in Ireland, who died in the year 1689, aged about 
fifty-one yeais."^ 

and the other an old worn stone in the floor in front of the pulpit, which bears 
the Montrose Arms and the date 1604. 

There are two modem mural tablets, the one to a member of the Ballagan 
family, on the south side of the church, with this inscription — 













and the other on the north side of the church, to the late Sir Archibald 
Edmonstone of Duntreath, on which is incised — 










" / a« th€ Resurrection and the Ufe.^^ 

St, John c. xi. v, xxv. 

Behind the pulpit is a stained glass window, the subject in the principal 
compartment being the ascension of our Lord. It was erected by Sir Archi- 
bald Edmonstone when the church was restored by him, and is dedicated — 


^ See Appendix for an account of the opening of this grave. 



There are three other stained glass windows in the church. On the north 
side of it, the window next the pulpit is in memory of Sir Archibald Edmon- 
stone himselfl On a brass plate below is the following inscription — 


SIR ARCHinALD EDMONSTONE of Duntreath, Baronet, 





BORN I2TH MARCH, 1795; ^^'^^ IZ'^'A MARCH, 187I. 

Next to it is a memorial window to Dr. Pearson, with this inscription below — 






"A good minister of Jesus Christ." — i Tim. iv. 6. 

'* ^ hatsoever thy hand findeth to do, do it 

with thy might." — Eccl. x. 10. 

The third window is in memory of William Smith of Carbeth Guthrie. It 
is on the south side next the pulpit, and the brass plate below it bears this 
inscription — 


WILLIAM SMITH, late of Carbeth Guthrik, 

WHO WAS born 8th JANUARY, I787; DIED I5TH MAY, 187I, 



The Church oi Strathblane stands in its churchyard, which is the only 
burial place in the parish. Formerly interments were permitted within the 
church, but this custom was put a stop to by the heritors in 1805 soon after 
a small addition had been made to the churchyard, and the Duntreath mauso- 
leum built There are no records of any former additions. The oldest date 
on any gravestone is 1482. This is authentic, but the figures are new, having 
been cut afresh a few years ago, as the old were then nearly obliterated. Dr. 
Pearson's grave is at the south-western comer of the church. Mr. Cochran, 
Mr. Livingstone, Mr. Gray, Dr. Hamilton, Mr. Hamilton Buchanan, Mr. 
Ferguson, and, it is supposed, Mr. Stirling — all the Protestant ministers who 
have died in the parish— are buried at the south-eastern corner of it. In the 
appendix will be found a complete list of all the tombstones and inscriptions 
in the churchyard. 

Up to Dr. Pearson's time the churchyard was very badly kept Its surface 
was very irregular, and many of the tombstones being raised a foot or 
more above the ground on pillars or bolsters made it impossible to cut the 
grass dr remove the weeds. The consequence was the whole was a mass 


of long grass, rank nettles, and dockens. There was no proper path from 
the church gate to the church, the congregation therefore made their entry 
through weeds and grass and over tombstones. About the middle of the 
churchyard was an iron cage, some seven or eight feet high, covering the 
burying-place of the Smiths of Craigend. This ugly erection greatly disfigured 
the churchyard, and shut out the view of the church. Just at the gate was 
a guard-house where watchers were stationed to guard the bodies of the newly- 
buried from body-snatchers when their nefarious trade existed. Dr. Pearson, 
with his usual energy, set to work in 1870 to arrange and improve the church- 
yard. Tliere are always a few unreasonable people in every parish who are 
opposed to everything, and Strathblane is no exception; but the doctor's tact 
and popularity enabled him to overcome all difficulties. The tombstones were 
all laid on one level; the Craigend cage disappeared; the guard-house was 
removed; and a gravel path laid from the gate to the church. When the 
work was finished everyone in the parish acknowledged that a great improve- 
ment had been made, and wondered why it had not been done long ago. 

For some years it had been felt that the churchyard was too small for the 
increasing population of the parish, and that it would relieve the pressure 
on it if an addition could be made, in which ground could be secured in 
perpetuity for family burying-places. The matter was brought before the 
heritors, but they found themselves unable to arrange for an extension. In 
1883, however, the work was done privately, with their cordial sanction and 
cooperation, and that of Sir William Edmonstone fot his special interest. 
The old wall to the east was taken down, and some mean outhouses 
connected with the Kirkhouse Cottage removed. The garden was filled with 
a fine sandy soil to the level of the old churchyard, and added to it, a low 
stone coping only dividing the old churchyard from the new burial-ground. 
The churchyard is thus now large enough for the requirements of the parish, 
and all that is now needed is an addition to the church. This could be done 
by lengthening the present building; and, if the Church of Scotland continues 
to flourish and increase as she is now doing, the time will soon come when 
this cannot be longer delayed.^ 

1 In Appendix I., page 271, a complete list of the tombstones in Strathblane Churchyard is given. 



Up to the beginning of the eighteenth century there was not a regular parish 
school in Strathblane — ^that is, a school under the superintendence of the Kirk 
Session of the parish and the Presbytery of the bounds, with a master paid by 
the heritors. 

In 1682 there were two adventure schools in the parish — one at Dunlreath, 
wliere John Foyer was schoolmaster ; and another in the east end of the parish, 
where David Risk taught John Foyer was a stem Covenanter, and refused to 
take the test when required, with prob<ably disagreeable consequences to him- 
self.^ David Risk, on the other hand, was either an Episcopalian or was not 
troubled with too strong convictions, for he quietly took the test when it was 
put to him. 2 

When the Church of Scotland became Presbyterian after the Revolution of 
1688, John Foyer reappears in the parish, not as schoolmaster alone, but also 
as Session Clerk, and David Risk disappears under a cloud, and is heard of no 

In 1693 Walter Buchanan was schoolmaster and Session Clerk, and on 20th 
December, 17 11, William Neil, "Schoolmaster and Clerk of the Parish," died, 

' ** The Presbrie considdering th* M' John Stewart school"' at Luss and John Foyar who 
keeps a school at Duntreth within the parish of Straiblane does still continue to offictat in these 
respective Places notwithstanding they have been often reauyred by the Presbrie to take the 
test conforme to law and have obstinately refused lliairfor referris them to the Civil Judges 
within whose jurisdictions they dwell." — (Records of the Presbytery of Dumbarton, 4th December, 

*** David Risk school"*' in Straeblain did this day swear and subscribe the test."— (Rec. 
Presb. Dum., 12th Sept., 1682.) 

'There was a female teacher at Strathblane about this time, but where she taught does not 
appear. The following is among the disbursements of the Session between April, 1691, and 
April, 1692:— 

''To Mary Edmonstowne for half a quarters Learning of Patrick Clerk a poor 
scholar— 00 06 08." 



but there was still neither schoolhouse nor regular salary.^ On the 3rd February, 
1 7 14, the Presbytery of Dumbarton, being moved thereto by Mr. Livingstone, 
minister of Strathblane, ordained the heritors ''to settle a school and a salary 
for the schoolmaster in terms of the Act of Parliament made thereanent/' and 
apparently they obeyed this order to the extent of giving a salary of £^^ 
sterling per annum, but they did not build a school and schoolhouse. Two 
years after this time, there being no schoolmaster in the parish, Mrs. Craig 
of Leddriegreen engaged Mr. William Bowie from Glasgow to teach her children, 
and on the 26th February, 1716, the Session appointed him precentor^ and 
schoolmaster, and apparently then or soon afterwards the school was kept in 
the church. In 1731, however, the Session resolved "that the school cannot 
be kept in the kirk as it used to be," and also that the heritors be requested 
to build a proper schoolhouse. 

This request was evaded, and for some time the school was taught in 
the little cottage to the east of the church gate, then the stable of the Kirk- 
house Inn, the house on the other side of the gate.^ 

^The Church of Scotland has always taken a great interest in the education of the 
people. In the General Assembly of 1642 it was resolved to call the attention of Parlia- 
ment to the poor pay of schoolmasters, and request it to take steps to amend this evil. In 
the 'Assembly of 1707 it was ordered that all Presbyteries should take steps to have schools 
in every parish. In the Assembly of 17 19 the Presbyteries were ordered, where schools were 
wanting in any parish, **to make le^l intimation to the heritors and parishioners to meet 
on a certain day and at a certain place to stent themselves for a salary to a schoolmaster 
and for the needful accommodations for him, as is appointed by an Act of Parliament of 
King Charles I., anno 1633, and another Act of Parliament of King William, anno 1696.'* 
In the Assembly of 1758 the subject of the want of schools in some parishes was again 
brought up, and the Presbyteries were appointed *'to make application to the Commissioners 
of Supply for having parochial schools with legal salaries erected in every parish, as the law 
directs." In the Assembly of 1802 the Moderator and Procurator of the Church were instructed 
to correspond with His Majesty's Officers of State for Scotland with a view to improving the 
salaries of the schoolmasters, ''which, by the depreciation of the value of money," "are not 
equal to the gains of a day labourer." 

^The General Assembly of 17 13 passed the following Act : — "The General Assembly for the 
more decent performance of the public praises of God do recommend to Presbyteries to use 
endeavours to nave such schoolmasters chosen as are capable to teach the common tunes, and 
that Presbyteries take care that children be taught to sing the said common tunes ; and that 
the said schoolmasters not only pray with their scholars, but also sing a part of a psalm with 
them, at least once a day." 

' It was in this place that a certain log of wood seryed as a prop to support one of the school 
benches. On the school being removed to the neighbourhood of the Netherton the log was 
thrown aside and for many years lay on the wall of the churchyard, whence it was removed 
by an old pauper woman to her house, where for some twelve years it was used by her as a 
seat. On her death in 1792, fuel being wanted when her clothes and the house were 
being washed up, the log was the readiest to hami, and on being split up, at the 
first stroke it burst asunder and a quantity of money, consisting of coins of the 
reigns of Queen Elizabeth, James VI., and Charles I., fell upon the floor. The value of the 
whole was about j^^ sterling. It was found on examination that the log, which was about 
a foot and a half square, had been hollowed out through a small triangular hole cut in one 
side, and after the money was placed in it the opening had been neatly closed by a piece of 



In 1774 Duncan M*Farlane, who had been eleven years schoolraaster in 
the parish, " a very deserving man and exceedingly well liked," * got an offer 
of a better place in a neighbouring parish, whereupon the heritors, who wished 
to keep him in Strathblane, met and resolved that the salary of the school- 
master should be raised to an hundred pounds Scots=;£8 6s. 8d. sterling, and 
that a school and schoolmaster's house should be built at the Thorn of Cult. 
Having passed these wise resolutions, they apparently took no steps to carry 
them out, and Mr. MTarlane, who had been living on in hope, finally left 
the parish in 1778. 

On the 9th February, 1779, matters came to a crisis. The heritors, or 
rather a few of them, without consulting the Session, had appointed at a meeting 
held in the Kirkhouse Inn on the i8th December, 1778, John Ferguson to be 
schoolmaster at the old salary, and with no schoolhouse. Mr. Ferguson pre- 
sented himself thereupon before the Session, ''and laid before them the 
minutes of an Election, whereby he claimed to be the established schoolmaster 
of this parish, in order that upon the said ground the Session might take it under 
consideration whether they would proceed to choose him as their clerk or not" 

The Session indignantly refused, holding that his election was irregular and 
illegal, and proceeded to put on record '' their Distressful Observation of the 
injuries the school sustained under the two preceding schoolmasters particularly^ 
who were 'tossed from Bam to Bam, and frequently were obliged to pay great 
part of the hire of said Bams out of their own pocket, besides being obliged 
always to pay the house rent for their own famillys out of the poor pittance 
of a four pound sterling salary. .... The Session also cannot but regret that 
the same in one manner or other hath been the grievance of this parish ever 
since the year one thousand seven hundred and fourteen, as appears from the 
records of this Kirk Session and Presbytery of the Bounds." 

The righteous indignation of the Session had a good effect The principal 
heritors now took the matter up, and at a meeting held in the Kirkhouse, 7th 
February, 1780, resolved to allocate a legal salary of ^8 sterling, and also to 
build a school and schoolmaster's house on a site to be obtained somewhere 
" betwixt the Thorn of Cuilt and the Kirkbum or churchyard." They also 
resolved to choose a schoolmaster at their next meeting. 

All this was done; the school and schoolhouse were built in due time on 
their present site at the Thom of Cult, Netherton, on ground presented to the 

wood fixed in its place by wooden pegs. Where the log originally came from no one knew, 
and its contents did no one any good, for the husband of the washerwoman, a worthless, 
drunken character, got hold of all and forthwith decamped. — {StatisHcal Account of Scotland^ 
Sir John Sinclair, vol. xviii. p. 583.) 

^ Session Records of Strathblane. 

2 H 



parish by Mr. Craig of Ballewan, and on the 28th March, 1780, the heritors, 
who were apparently a gifted set of men, met and proceeded to examine several 
candidates for the office of schoolmaster " in the following branches, viz., in the 
Latin and English tongues, writing, arithmetic, and church music," and finally 
they chose and appointed John Reston. He resigned in 1783, and Andrew 
Miller was his successor. He remained till 1787. 

It is little wonder, considering how shabbily schoolmasters were treated in 
Strathblane up to this time, that they took every means in their power to add 
to their miserable salaries. Accordingly we find that here, as in many other 
parishes in Scotland up to the end of last century, the cruel practice of throwing 
at cocks and cockfights took place annually on Easterns E'en for the benefit 
of the schoolmaster.^ The sports were arranged in this way : Every boy who 
could, brought a fighting cock to school, and on payment of twopence to the 
master all were pitted together, however unequally matched. The cocks 
that would not fight were the master's portion, and also those who died in 
battle, but the cruelty did not end here. The cocks that would not fight — 
" Fuggies," classically so-called — ^were fastened to a stake in the playground 
and were killed one afler another in the brutal game of " Cockthrowing," the 
charge being a halfpenny a throw. The master got the halfpennies and the dead 
birds, and as an encouragement and reward to the scholars when all was over, 
regaled them with cold punch or other spirituous liquor.^ "Forced con- 
tributions " were also levied in the form of " gifts " of two or three pence each 
• on Hansel Monday, or as "an offering" on Candlemas Day, and the scholars 
were also required to bring with them daily during the cold season a peat each 
to keep the school fire a-buming. 

Mr. Miller left the parish in 1787, and was succeeded by Benjamin 

Matters scholastic did not improve in Strathblane during Mr. Hepburn's 
tenure of office, and accusations of neglect of the children and of intemperance 
became at length so heavy and frequent that the Session and heritors in 1796 
seriously thought of proceeding against him with a view to his removal; but 

^ Gloaming of Life: a Memoir of James Stirling, page 13. 

^Why the poor cocks were so horribly punished on this particular day is rather a puzzle. 
Some say that on one occasion, when the Danes had invaded this country, our Saxon 
ancestors, one Fastems E'en caught their whole army asleep, and were then and there pro- 
ceeding to massacre them when an unlucky cock crowed and woke them up and so saved 
them. Hence this day was devoted in all time coming to the punishment of the unpatriotic 
bird. Another rather far-fetched reason is this, that on this day the cock suffered this annual 
barbarity by way of punishment for St. Peter's crime in denying his Lord and Master. This 
is brought out in the following old couplet : — 

**May*st thou be punished for St. Peter's crime, 
And on Shrove Tuesday perish in thy prime." 


at this juncture Mr. Hepburn suggested that, to avoid scandal, he would volun- 
tarily retire, provided he received such a certificate as would enable him to 
procure a situation in another parish. This was thought an excellent solution 
of the difficulty, and the Session carried out faithfully their part of the bargain 
by giving him "an ample certificate in his favour," dated 13th July, 1796; and 
the Presbytery of Dumbarton, no doubt moved thereto by the Session, also 
attested his qualifications. Everything being thus arranged, it was supposed 
that Mr. Hepburn, in implement of his part of the bargain, would at once 
remove himself from Strathblane to some other sphere of usefulness; but this 
formed no part of his plan, his character and gifts were certified by Session and 
Presbytery, and why should Strathblane lose his valuable services? So he 
declined to leave the parish, and when on the 28th March, 1797, certain heritors 
of Strathblane, rendered desperate by the continued loud complaints of the 
parish, brought his conduct before the Presbytery of Dumbarton with a view to 
his dismissal from office, and produced in proof thereof various minutes of 
heritors and Session meetings, Mr. Hepburn triumphantly produced the " ample 
certificate" of the Session and the attestation by the Presbytery of the year 
before as a sufficient answer to all the charges against him. The Presbytery on 
inquiry into the whole affair very properly disapproved of the Session's pro- 
ceedings, and the end of the matter was that Mr. Hepburn was induced to 
leave the parish, but only in consideration of receiving a pension for life from 
the heritors and Session. 

It must be confessed that the parochial authorities were very properly 
punished for their disingenuous attempt to get rid of their schoolmaster at the 
expense, perhaps, of a too confiding neighbouring parish. But were it not that 
a truthful chronicler is bound to narrate facts as he finds them, the story of 
this single recorded stumble in the honourable career of the Session of Strath- 
blane would not have been forced from his reluctant pen. 

The school and schoolhouse, which had been erected in 17 81 or thereby, 
after so much trouble and so many delays, had never been very satisfactory ; 
and when the new church was building in 1803 it was resolved by the heritors 
that both of them should have slated roofs made of the materials of the old 
church, that the walls should be raised six feet, and that new floors of lime 
and smithy ashes should be laid in the school and schoolmaster's kitchen. They 
also agreed to furnish a rood of ground for a garden for the schoolmaster im- 
mediately behind the schoolhouse, and they fixed the salary at three hundred 
and fifty merks Scots = ;;^i9 8s. 9j4d. sterling, and apportioned the fees for 
teaching thus — For teaching English, 2s. per quarter; reading and writing 
English, 2s. 6d. per quarter; arithmetic and reading and writing English, 3s. 
per quarter; and for teaching Latin, 3s. per quarter — all these improvements 


and arrangements being in obedience to a recent Act of Parliament "for 
making better provision for the schoolmasters in Scotland.*'^ 

For about ten years things went on with little change, and there is nothing 
of interest in the school to record till the appointment of Gavin Cullen as 
schoolmaster, i6th April, 1813. Mr. Cullen taught more branches than had 
hitherto been the custom in Strathblane and accordingly a new scale of fees was 
sanctioned by the heritors : English, 3s. per quarter ; English and writing, 4s. per 
quarter; English, writing, and arithmetic, 5s. per quarter; English, writing, 
arithmetic, and book-keeping, 6s. per quarter; Latin, Greek, and French in 
addition, 8s. per quarter; and English grammar, 6s. per quarter.^ Mr. Cullen 
resigned in 18 18, and on the 9th July of that year Andrew Kessen, teacher 
at Milngavie, was elected schoolmaster at Strathblane. It was resolved at the 
same time that the school should be somewhat improved by sinking the floor 
" so as to increase the height of the roof, for the sake of better air to the 
children." The appointment of Mr. Kessen was a very good one, and both as 
an elder and schoolmaster he did his duty faithfully in the parish for twenty 
years, the heritors showing their appreciation of his services by fixing his salary, 
in 1829, at the maximum allowed by the "Schoolmasters' Act" of 1803, viz., 
the price of two chalders of oatmeal annually, such being per chalder 
;£i7 los. 2j5^d sterling. Mr. Kessen left the parish in 1838, and Parlane 
Macfarlane was appointed his successor. 

Mr. Macfarlane conducted the education of the parish till 1862, when the 
present esteemed master, John J. M*Ewan, was appointed. 

The old schoolhouse of 1781 must have been but a sorry affair, for despite 
the raising of the walls six feet in 1802 and the sinking of the floor "to increase 
the height of the roof" in i8i8, it remained a very airless, uncomfortable 
place till it was swept away in 1854 and the nucleus of the present com- 
modious school built.^ A room for a girls' school was also added and Miss 
Ann Auld was the first female teacher. 

^ About the beginning of the present century there was a small *' adventure " school taught 
in a little building, now in ruins, on the side of the Drvmen Road, just at the entrance to 
Aitken*s Auchengillan ; and a little later John Blair had an adventure or " side " school at 
Meadowhead, in a cottage which used to stand on the south side of the road opposite Middle 

^The Roisters of Baptisms in the parish of Strathblane, preserved in the General Register 
House in Edinburgh, beg^n in 1672. From 1685 onwards they are very distinctly copied from 
the originals by Gavin Cullen, ** Parochial Schoolmaster and Session Clerk of Strathblane," 
and both originals and copies are preserved. Any one who has occasion to consult these 
registers may well bless the memory of this worthy man. The Killearn and Kilpatrick Registers 
of Baptisms, in both of which many Strathblane people are mentioned, begin respectively in 
1694 and 1 69 1. They are both tolerably legible. 

^ *' I think I see the schule-hoose yet 
Sae dingy, auld, an' grey, 


On the new Education Act coming into operation the first School Board of 
Strathblane remodelled and extended the schoolhouse, the work being finished 
in the spring of 1875. The next Board in 1878 further improved the school 
and schoolmaster's house, and now, by the liberality of the Messrs. Coubrough 
of Blanefield and in memory of their father, Mr. Anthony Park Coubrough, who 
was from the first a most useful member of each School Board, a further im- 
portant addition has been made to the building. 

Under Mr. M'Ewan education in Strathblane, hampered in extent as it is 
by the working of the present Act, prospers. There is now, unfortunately, 
little, if any, Latin, Greek, and mathematics taught, and this is not as it was 
in the days of Mr. Cullen, Mr. Kessen, and even of Mr. Macfarlane, but this 
is through no fault of Mr. M'Ewan, who is as well qualified to teach as the 
best of them. The fault lies with the present Education Act, which practically 
makes it impossible for children in country parishes to get very much beyond 
the three R's. It is to be hoped that before long the legislature may amend 
this state of matters, and that Strathblane School may be enabled to turn out 
classical and mathematical scholars fitted to take their places at once under the 
professors at the universities. 

Whaur laddie prisoners, lithe o' limb 

Pined to be oot at play ; 
An' whan the gowden twal-oors cam' 

Ran oot like madcap fule, 
Wi' a hap-stap doon tne precipice 
. At Partane's auld-warl' schule. 

*' Oh, wae's me on yon auld hacked dask 

Whaur we, wi* copy set, 
Sat glowrin' at the noo'rs oot by 

In dreamy fond regret ; 
For, on the dyke foment oor een, 

Whan spring her cups did fill, 
Blue peenewinkie stars were seen 

At back o' Parlane's schule. 

** But oh, waesuck, thae days are gane, 

The auld schule's knockit doon ; 
Nae peeriewinkie's een o' blue 

Deck dewy spring-time's croon. 
A new-fledged race noo speel the braes, 

But I lo^e the memories still, 
An' a gowden haze floats roon the days 

I spent in Parlane's schule." 

From Poetns by Thomas Thorpe^ of Strathbianf, 



The parish of Strathblane is for the most part rural and its industries are 
agricultural and pastoral; but it has also for ages had, on a small scale, its 
mills and manufactures. 

The earliest mill of any kind in the parish was no doubt the Kirklands 
meal mill already mentioned, and long ago extinct : following it were the 
Mugdock and Duntreath mills, now also gone, and that of Milndavie, which is 
to-day not only a meal mill but also an extensive saw mill. 

The manufacture of woollen and linen yarns and cloth was an early industry 
in Strathblane. The raw material for the former was plentifully produced by 
the sheep which fed on the grassy hills of the parish, and the flax or lint which 
was used for the latter was grown more or less on every farm and croft how- 
ever small. The cleaning and preparing of the wool and lint was done by the 
gudewife and the lassies at the sides of the burns and wells with which the 
jjarish abounds; and the numerous weavers wove into cloth the woollen and 
linen yarns which were spun at the wheel. For the further preparation of the 
woollen fabrics there were two waulk mills in the parish. One of them was 
on the Blane, a little above the modem Blanefield, and now lost among 
the Dumbroch works, and the other was on the AUander, a little below 

It was natural where there was so much spinning and weaving, and also so 
much fine water, that there should be facilities for bleaching the cloth. Ac- 
cordingly we find before the end of last century that there were four bleachfields 
in the parish. Three were on the Blane, between the Manse and Blanefield : 
Dumbroch was the oldest of them, and was originally used solely for bleaching 
native webs; the other two on the Blane were principally employed in bleach- 
ing tapes and yarns for the inkle factories in Glasgow. Dumbroch survived 
the others. At the beginning of this century it belonged to Archibald Lyle, and 
there were afterwards in it, successively, tenants of the names of Hamilton, 




Hunter and Rotherham, and Pender. James Smith of Craigend bought the lands 
and bleachfield of Dumbroch in 1818; and when the Fenders left it, about 
1844, it was worked successively by Thomas Edington; Archibald and Charles 
Smith, brothers of the laird of Craigend, who lost a great deal of money 
in it; Mathew Miller; and Robert Graham, who had it till about 1854, when 
Mr. Coubrough of Blanefield took it. He did not work it very long, and the 
last person who actually used Dumbroch as a bleachfield was Mr. Crum of 
Thomliebank, who rented it in 1855 for the time during which his own works, 
which had been burnt down, were being rebuilt. 

The fourth bleachfield was at the other side of the parish. In the year 
1 781 William Blackwood, who had originally been a bleacher at Dalsholm in 
Kilpatrick, erected a bleachwork on the Allander at Craigallian, and carried on 
business there under his own name, but for some time in partnership with 
David Dunlop. On his son John arriving, in 18 10, at an age to be associated 
with him in business, his father took him into partnership, and they carried 
on the bleaching concern under the firm of William Blackwood & Son. The 
business prospered, and in 1841, the premises at Craigallian being too small, 
and the more extensive works of Craigton, in the neighbouring parish of East 
Kilpatrick, being vacant, William Blackwood & Son removed thither, and there 
they still continue to turn out the same good work which they had produced 
so long in Strath blane. Old William Blackwood died in 1845. '^^^ Black- 
woods were the first and last in Craigallian, and the old work, long a complete 
ruin, has now almost disappeared, the stonework of it having been lately largely 
used in making '* metal " for the laird of Craigallian's extensive and excellent 
new roads and approaches. 

Another industry in Strathblane was an inkle or tape manufactory. This 
was started in 1793 by the firm of M*Leroy, Finlay & Co.^ It was built on 
a field which was known as Netherton Park, part of the estate of Ballewan, 
and was feued from Milliken Craig, the proprietor. The inkle business did not 
prosper, and the works were vacant by 1797. 

In the meantime, however, or rather a little before this time, in the year 
1790, Walter Weir — a Strathblane man — had started a block printing factory at 
Wester Ballewan, at what is now called the Ha*. In 1797 he removed to the 
inkle factory at Netherton, by this time vacant, and continued to carry on an 
increasing business there till 1809, when he retired. Thus began this great work 
which now occupies so important a position in the parish both socially and 

After Mr. Weir retired the printwork was carried on by Messrs. Aitken, 

^The partners of this firm were John M'Leroy, 'William Finlay, William Milliken, and 
James M'Leroy, merchants in Glasgow. 


M*Indoe & Foyer till 1825, when they failed, Mr. Foyer at this time selling the 
Cult to Sir Archibald Edmonstone, who thus reunited to Duntreath a very old 
part of the estate. 

Messrs. Sharp & Buchanan next took up the work, and continued in it till 
1839 or 1840, when they stopped j and following them were Messrs. McGregor, 
Pollock & Brown. 1 Mr. Anthony Park Coubrough joined in 1841, and 
eventually the concern, after being carried on by Mr. McGregor and Mr. 
Coubrough jointly for some time, passed entirely into the hands of the latter, 
whose family now hold it.^ 

Another industry was a saw mill at Dungoyach, started some forty years 
ago by John Carrick, and stopped about 1866; and another is the flock mill 
at Dumbroch, built about twelve years ago by Mr. David Hamilton, and still 
in his possession. 

The first licensed distillery in the parish was at Cockmylane, just where the 
tunnel for the Glasgow Watern'orks enters the hill. Alexander Parlane built it 
some sixty years ago and worked it, but it has long been stopped, a few traces 
of it only remaining. 

In 1836 Burnfoot Distillery, recently renamed "Glen Guin," was erected 
by George Connell on a ninety-nine years' tack from John Buchanan of Carbeth, 
then proprietor of Blairquhosh Cunninghame. Mr. Connell was followed by Mr. 
M'l^llan, and the Messrs. I^ng Brothers now possess it. *^ Bumfitt " whisky 
has always been peculiarly grateful to the Strathblane palate. 

Another industry — if so improper and demoralizing an occupation can be 
called one — was making whisky secretly in small stills.^ This was carried on, 
till about sixty years ago, to an enormous extent, and almost unchecked. It is 
true there were two Revenue officers always on duty in the parish, but they were 
no doubt bribed to shut their eyes to what was going on. It used to be 
common enough to see in the early morning from the hill behind Netherton 
village the smoke of some thirteen stills going at once. Bands of men came 

^Mr. M'Gregor was the father of Mrs. M'Ewan of the Schoolhouse. 

^ Anthony Park Coubrough represented one branch of an old race long settled in Strathblane 
and neighbouring parishes. He was bom in 1810 and died in 1883. Public spirited and 
energetic, he was a very useful man in the parish, and it is not out of place to record here 
how much indebted the parishioners are to him for the Pavilion, as he called the Public Hall, 
he erected for the parish on his own property. This Hall has proved of the greatest use for 
public meetings, lectures, concerts, and social gatherings, and has been the means of bringing 
together, for 'their mutual good, all classes of the community in a way which could not be 
done before. By his marriage to Hannah Butler, who was bom at Bolton*le-Moors in 1809 
and died at Blanefield in 1878, he had yohn, now of Blanefield, Anthony Sykes^ Ellis Woody 
Adam Adair t Mary Butler, who died an infant, Alfred Park^ and Harold Ross, 

'The Church was well aware of the evils which sprang from it, and in the General 
Assembly of 1744 passed an Act against **the sinful and pemicious practise of smuggling," 
'*and ordains the same to ht read from the pulpits of all the parish churches within 


out from Glasgow to buy and carry away the illicit spirits, and many a 
scene of violence and bloodshed has been witnessed between Strathblane and 
Glasgow in the conflicts between these desperate men and the Revenue 
officers. Mugdock Wood was a favourite place both for small stills ^ and 
also as a rendezvous for the sellers and buyers of the whisky, and was the 
scene in 1818 of a terrible fight between them and the Revenue officers 
and a party of soldiers. The smugglers were victorious, and after seizing and 
destroying the soldiers' weapons, pursued them from the field of battle.^ 

There are no workings of either coal or limestone in the parish, and the 
only other industry to be mentioned is that of quarrying. There are, it is true, 
no extensive or valuable quarries in Strathblane, but freestone for building pur- 
poses is to be had at Blairgar on Sir William Edmonstone's property, and at 
Muirhouse on Mr. Ker's. There are several places too where excellent whin- 
stone for road metal is to be had, and near Loch Ardinning there are beds 
of a fine white " chucky-stone " gravel much in use for garden and other 
ornamental walks. 

It only remains to add that there is a smithy, with a very skilful smith, at 
the Netherton, an excellent joiner at Edenkill, shops at each of the three 
villages, and four public-houses, and that the Blane Valley Railway and Glas- 
gow Corporation Water Works pass through the parish. 

* A small still stood at the sid« of one of the springs from which water is now pumped up 
by a wheel on the AUaoder some 350 feet, to supply the Castle and offices of Mugdock. 
It is just possible that in the past an aqua not exactly pur a may have found its way from this 
same spring to the Castle or thereabouts. 

' In making the new parish road along the edge of Mugdock Wood in the spring of last 
year, the workmen turned up about eighteen inches below the surface a skeleton, the skull of 
which seemed to have been injured by a violent blow. It was lying within the ruins of an old 
dwelling, and possibly enough it was the remains of some one who was done to death in this 

2 I 



There have been many changes in the appearance of the parish and in the 
families living in it during the eighty-six years of this century.^ 

Strathblane, in 1801, was much barer than it now is. There were, it is 
true, the natural birch and hazel copse of the district, and a few fine old 
oaks and hardwood trees around the gentlemen's seats and farm-houses, but 
there were no "plantations" on Craigallian, Craigend, and Carbeth, and but 
few on Duntreath, Ballewan, Leddriegreen, and the Kirklands. It is very clear, 
however, that Strathblane was once densely wooded, and in some places with 
magnificent trees. At Mugdock, as already noticed, oaks of great height and 
girth were found lying in the moss. They had evidently been cut or blown 
down when perfectly sound; and similar trees have been found in the valley. 
The remains of birch, hazel, and other trees are to be found buried beneath the 
surface all over the parish. 

There were more " drystane " dykes, but there were fewer hedges. If we 
go back to the middle of the eighteenth century the parish was practically un- 
enclosed, with the exception of Duntreath and the neighbourhood of Mugdock 
and Edenkill. There is more land now under the plough than there was 
eighty-six years ago, for Craigend, Carbeth, and Muirhouse were then but heathy 
moors and mosses. There were then, however, many small holdings cultivated 
by the lesser farmers and crofters who have disappeared, and whose patches of 
arable land have relapsed into rough pasture, the marks of furrows in many a 
lonely spot clearly showing this. The fields when divided were small and of 

^ In the preceding century little or nothing was done to improve the parish till the very 
end of it. When Chamberlayne published in 17 18 his Present State of Great Britain, in his 
list of " Seates in Stirlingshire," the following only are noticed in Strathblane : — "Mugdock, 

Duke of Mortroses .... Duntreith, Edmonstoun's Esq Ballagan, Sterling*s, Esq. 

.... Craigallain, Brysson's Esq." Leddriegreen and Ballewan were simply farm-houses till 
towards the close of the century, and Craigend Castle and Carbeth-Guthrie were not built 
till about one hundred years after Chamberlayne wrote. 



irregular shape, and particularly among the many "portioners" of "the three 
touns of Easter Mugdock" there was still to be found land held in runrig — 
one rig or ridge in a field belonging to one farm or croft, and the next 
belonging to another — the form in which they had held the land as tenants 
not having been changed when they became lairds.^ 

There was a great deal of good land wasted, too, all over the parish, heaps 
of stones being left in the fields, and what are now clean and tidy head-rigs 
were then very often wildernesses of brambles, thistles, and other coarse weeds. 
Draining was but little practised, and such names as " The Hole," " Puddock 
Hole," and " Dirty M ailins " are suggestive of very damp farms. At the begin- 
ning of the century there was little or nothing in the Strath of what we now 
call ''green cropping," such as turnips, potatoes, mangolds, and cabbages, and 
there was more here or barley grown than now. 

Early in this century, however, matters agricultural in Strathblane rapidly 
improved. The new road from Glasgow to Balfron, which in 1790 took 
the place of an old and very bad one, did a little, but the parish owes more 
to the Rev. Mr. Gibb, the minister who came to it in 1791, and to Archibald 
Edmonstone of Spittal, who lived about the same time. Both were excellent 
farmers, and by example and precept did much to stir up their neighbours. The 
latter was an enterprising breeder of cattle. 

In the first quarter of this century too, a great deal of planting was completed 
on Duntreath, and a beginning made on Craigallian, Carbeth, and Craigend. Most 
of the woods of Ballewan, Leddriegreen, and the Cult are of later date. The 
plantations for the most part were well arranged, and a great improvement to 
the parish, with the exception of the Cult wood. This was formed some forty 
years ago and planted in the most fantastic style, hearts and diamonds, moons 
and half moons of larch fir being set in a groundwork of Scots and spruce fir 
in the worst possible taste, so that when the wood was young it was a positive 
eyesore. Now, however, time, high winds, and the axe have improved matters 
much, and the original arrangement is not very observable.^ 

^ These old Mugilock portioners were very jealous of their property, and when the spring 
ploughing was going on each of them might be seen standing guard on his own rig lest a wily 
neighbour might in an unprotected moment plough off a few inches of his farm and add it to 
his own. 

They had, indeed, in other ways too, much to contend with. The soil is thin and unpro- 
ductive, and standing high as the district does, the harvest was often late. Mr. Archibald 
Smith, the old minister, whose auaint sayings in the pulpit were long remembered, on one 
occasion, when returning thanks for an early and abundant harvest in the parish, added this 
petition: — *'But, oh, hae mercy on they puir Mugdock folk, for their victual (oats) is aye grow- 
ing yet and it's as green as leeks.*' 

'The gftles in this century which made most havoc in the plantations of the parish were 
those of 1556 and of January and February, 1884. 



Since the middle of last century many farm steadings and houses have gone, 
some of them leaving hardly a trace behind, and many new dwellings have been 
built. It may be interesting to note these changes, and to do so systematically 
let us carefully perambulate the parish, beginning at the north-west comer of it. 
Here on the lands of Auchengillan, at the beginning of this century were 
its four steadings, those of Provan, Aitken, Ronald, and Brock. They are all 
still standing except Ronald's, which was the house close to the Drymen road 
and within a stone-throw of the Aitkens' steading. Forty years ago this was an 
old picturesque ivy-covered dwelling, as full of life as its neighbours. It is now 
a mass of crumbling ruins, and in old Mrs. Ronald's kitchen, then warm and 
bieldy, there now flourishes unheeded a fine group of sycamore trees. In a 
little building close to this house, and now also gone, there was in the 
beginning of this century a small " adventure " school where the youth of Auch- 
eneden, Auchengillan, and the neighbourhood were taught. 

Leaving this old place and passing southward along the Drymen road for 
about a quarter of a mile, we arrive at the house belonging to Brock's portion 
of Auchengillan. Early in this century at once a farm steading, and a little inn, 
it forms now the offices of the new house to the left — Craigmore,^ as the property 
is now called. Another quarter of a mile brings us to the lodge of Carbeth- 
Guthrie, built in 1817 ; and a few yards farther on is the steading and public- 
house of Garvel or Wester Carbeth.^ With the exception of everything being 
in good order and the houses partially rebuilt, there is little change here, but 
not so a little way down the road. Here near Garvel Bridge, about a hundred 
yards southward of the road, stand some fine old trees, marking the site of an 
old dwelling where in his day lived and farmed George Ronald, the father of 
George and grandfather of John Ronald, within forty years farmers at the Cult 
and elders in the church. This fine old race is gone entirely from the parish, 
and only commemorated by the name the neighbouring hill now bears — 
"Geordie's Brae," from the original Geoi;ge Ronald. 

Turning back a little and coming eastward along the road leading from the 
Drymen road to the Strath, we pass on our right close to the offices of Car- 
beth-Guthrie, near which, a few yards off the present avenue, is the site of the 
old house of Carbeth. A few stones used to mark the spot, among them the 
four round ones which now form ornaments on the gateway of the north avenue. 
Still keeping eastward and passing the garden, gardener's house, and various other 
adjuncts of a country place, and where nothing stood seventy years ago, we 
arrive at the spot where the old farm-house of Ronald's portion of Carbeth was 
built. An old gnarled birch tree on the side of the road, with a few old stones 

^Sce page 40. *See page 46. 



round it, mark its site, just at the head of the old drove road leading to Mr. 
BamS'Graham's estate. 

Another steading now gone stood just within the gate at the point where this 
drove road enters Mr. Graham's Carbeth. It was abandoned when the house 
above Carbeth Loch, to the south-east of this old place, was built and made the 
steading of the farm. There used to be several cottages with their little crofts 
near this old mailing, and there was a public-house, too, where in days of old 
the weary much-bebogged traveller could refresh himself with "buns and yill." 
All are now either in ruins or gone, save one — the last of a picturesque little 

Getting back to the road to Strathblane, and repassing in doing so " Carbeth 
Bungalow," for so Mr. M* A lister, the laird, has named, in memory of his early 
days in tropical climes, a somewhat fanciful erection of his predecessor in 
Carbeth-Guthrie ; we find, three or four hundred yards beyond the farm stead- 
ing built by Mr. Guthrie in 181 7 or 181 8, the site of another old farm-house — 
that of Allereoch or Alreoch. The west end of this house is still marked by 
an old ash tree standing on a mound of earth at the side of the road, and 
the east end of the byre by an old tree with some stones round it. The 
old ash tree at the west end seems to grow but little, and it must now be 
very old. Mr. Guthrie, who, very unlike some of the modem proprietors of 
Carbeth, had a great reverence for trees, did his best for it when he was 
improving this road, for he carefully spared its roots, and banked up earth 
round it on all sides. 

Where the new house of Alreoch now stands, old James Norval, then pro- 
prietor of the soil, had built at the close of last century a house, which was 
used as a joiner's shop and dwelling-house. It was a two-storey building, strong 
and substantial, but when Mr. Guthrie became proprietor he was anxious to 
have something more picturesque as an object of view from the drawing-room 
windows of his new house at Carbeth. He removed it, therefore, and built 
a very pretty cottage, which used to be much admired, standing as it did on 
the nifirgin of a beautiful wood, surrounded by evergreens and flowering trees 
and shrubs. For many years it was inhabited by the foresters on Carbeth. 
This pretty place never looked well after the ruthless destruction of the wood 
on Blairshill, for the few trees left round it looked ragged and forlorn, and an 
air of desolation prevailed. The new house, in which is incorporated a small 
part of this cottage, is not the "thing of beauty" its predecessor was. 

Leaving now the road to Strathblane at " Ballochalary Yett," and walking 
up the " Red Road," the Boards Farm is passed a little distance on the left. 
Here at one time there were more houses than now; and away to the south- 
east near the Craigend march is the site of another vanished steading. A mile 



farther on, and on the right, Craigallian is seen, where once stood the old 
mansion house of the Brysons and the Colquhouns,^ replaced now by a large 
new house, and a little farther on is the east lodge of Craigallian, near 
the gate of the north approach to Mugdock Castle. Some four or five hundred 
yards to the south-west, in the field called *'The Sunniebraes," are traces of a 
farm-house, the old steading of Mugdock Park; and down in the hollow, close 
to the Allander, stood the Blackwoods' bleachfield, used for the last time fully 
forty years ago. Nothing but its foundations now remains. Two or three 
hundred yards farther down the stream there was a waulk mill, long since gone, 
and not a vestige of it, or of the workers* houses, can now be seen. Where 
Mr. Barns-Graham's south lodge now stands there were formerly several houses. 
Some could be traced, and one was inhabited till lately, but the worthy laird 
of Craigallian's roads and other improvements have so altered this spot that it 
is impossible to describe its old appearance 

Leaving Craigallian we resume our walk westwards, and soon arrive at Mugdock 
Castle. As already shown,* a castle or fortified house has stood here for 
centuries. It was originally surrounded on three sides by the loch, then much 
larger, and on the fourth and south side by a short and deep moat. No one 
knows, of course, what was the appearance of the rude Dineiddwg of Cymric 
times, and, unfortunately, nearly as little is known of the form and style of the 
middle age castle or fortalice which took its place. The south tower is still 
entire; that to the north is a mound of picturesque ruins; and between them, 
no doubt stretching towards the south-east on the site of the present bouse, was 
an irregular pile of buildings probably of no great extent. The herryings and 
destruction to which it was subjected in the middle of the seventeenth century 
have been already described, and its successor, the very modest mansion of the 
second Marquis of Montrose, built in 1655-56,* was still standing in 1875 damp 
and decaying. This house of 1655 was a long, two-storeyed plain dwelling, 
looking down on the loch just as the present one does, and as it was modest 
without, so it was unadorned within. A vaulted room, part of the old for- 
talice, was its only feature of interest,* and the whole showed very clearly how 
fallen must have been the fortunes of the family when the Chief of the 
"gallant Grahams" was thankful to be lodged in so humble a dwelling. 
After the fourth Marquis left Mugdock succeeding tenants had been allowed 
to alter and add at will, and when it was determined in 1875 to rebuild 
or restore the fine old place it was found that but little of it, save the 

1 See page 47. 'Pages 6-16. 'Pages 27, 28. 

*This had been utterly ruined by Bailie MacLellan*s melancholy, though well-meant, 
attempts to restore and improve mediseval stonework with modem cast-iron impostures. 


south tower, could be saved. The present house, it is hoped, is somewhat in 

harmony with this line old tower, which 

is still as firm and entire as when the 

(jreat Marquis — let us suppose — stood 

on its summit and took a last fond 

look of Strathblane before he started 

on his memorable campaign of 1644. 

Leaving the Castle we arrive at the 
little bum which carries off the surplus 
water of the loch. Some hundred yards 
down this stream, close to the comer 
of the wood where the lands of Mr. 
Brown of Middle Mugdock and Mr. 
Weir of Barrachan meet, there used to 
be an old meal mill. The road from the 
Castle to it can still be traced, but of 
the mill not a fragment remains save the 
embankment for the lade; and farther 
down the bum, at the corner of the 

little field, the part of Barrachan which „„,^^ tablbt on thb southeast coimm of th« 
is in Strathblane, are some of the "■* "<»"■ "' "niiDoat. 

stones which composed old " Woodsyd," ^ Away to the west, in the middle of 
Mugdock Wood, there used to be a farm-house. It was the steading of the 
land which now forms a great part of the wood. Its site is now occupied by 
the keeper's cottage. 

Turning north-east from Woodsyd, and slowly ascending Mugdocic Brae, 
we come to the old Burgh of Mugdock, once an important place, with its 
markets and shops and the cottages of the portioners of Mugdock and other 
inhabitants. The old public-house stood at the east end, the next house but 
one to the lami-house of Middleton of Mugdock. That one was "The Shoe- 
maker's Yard," a little holding consisting of the patch of ground, now belonging 
to Westerton, lying to the west and just outside of what is now Middleton 
stackyard. The Cross was at the west end of the village. The water supply of 
the Bui^h of Mugdock has consisted from time immemorial of two wells. One 
is just outside the village on the road to the north, and does not olten fail; 
the other is the *' Spritts' Well," on the path between Mugdock village and 
Castle and the west This well has never been known to dry, and in seasons 
of drought is the only supply the villagers have. The cattle were driven 

' See page 69, 



down to water at Mugdock Loch by a road which led nearly directly to it 
from the "Shepherd's Hill." The market-place, where cattle were bought and 
sold at the two fairs held in August and November, was on this Shepherd's 
Hill, just where the house of Westerton of Mugdock now stands. This was the 
Common of Mugdock, where, till well on in last century the sheep and cattle 
of the "portioners" were nightly collected by the shepherd of the community, 
after he had spent a restless day in herding them on the unenclosed ground in 
the neighbourhood, and keeping them off the little cultivated patches of ground 
around the old burgh. Outside of the burgh, and in different parts of Easter 
Mugdock, were old mailings and crofters' houses now long extinct. 

The "Law Stone of Mugdock" stands on the side of the road a few 
hundred yards to the south of Middleton farm-house. It is a huge block of 
freestone, and was the largest of a row of similar stones in a line to the 
south-eastward of it. It was no doubt placed there with infinite labour by 
some early Strathblane race, either as a place of worship or as a memorial of 
the dead.^ The " Law Stone " is the sole survivor of the row, the other stones 
having long ago been broken up and carried away for building purposes. 

Five or six hundred yards nearly due south of this old stone, and just on 
the brow of the " Bank of Mugdock," is " St. Patrick's Well." This used to 
be a sacred well, and yearly, on the 1st of May, up to the beginning of this 
century, many a pilgrim used to visit its healing waters; perhaps a cripple 
barely able to hobble to the spot, or a mother with an ailing child, or a cottar 
with a sick cow, all with melancholy superstition seeking to propitiate some 
great spirit — clearly not a Christian one — by depositing a small coin or stone 
in the well, or hanging on the branches of an old thorn tree which used to 
wave over it scraps of cloth or other trifling articles belonging to the patient 
brought to be cured. The ist of May, or Beltane, was a day specially devoted 
to Baal — the old god of Scotland — and no doubt this was one of the spots 
sacred to him, and the Christian inhabitants of Strathblane and Kilpatrick were 
in reality, though unknowingly, worshipping the god of their remote forefathers 
when they performed those unmeaning rites there. When better days came it 
was natural to transfer the veneration paid to the old well from a pagan to a 
Christian patron ; the missionaries of the new faith therefore taught their converts 
to call it, after the patron saint of the adjoining district, " St Patrick's Well." 

And now retracing our steps a little, and continuing our walk in a north- 
westerly direction, we arrive at a spot just above the north-east comer of 
Mugdock Ix)ch where stood the old house of Peach. A few ash trees mark 

^ Most probably the latter ; for when the late James Shearer was levelling the field in which 
these stones were placed he discovered a number of stone cofHns close to them. 


■o -8 

. I 







its site, but not a stone of it remains, and yet for hundreds of years it was the 
roost prominent object from the Lord of Mugdock's Castle, and generation after 
generation was bom there. It was early in the possession of a family of 
Grahams, relatives of the Dougalston family. Margaret Graham, one of them, 
was wife of John Smith, who was out with the Great Marquis in 1645. ^^ 
1734 Peach was bought by James Smith and added to the Craigend estate. 
The house was removed between fifty and sixty years ago.^ Looking westward 
from Peach, and supposing ourselves carried back to the beginning of this 
century, the comfortable square house of Craigend, then not long built, could 
be plainly seen — a house that was soon to give place to a castle which it would 
have been well for an old Strathblane race had it never been built. 

Leaving Peach, and proceeding due north, we arrive at Dumbroch Loch — 
the Loch Farchar of Blaeu's Atlas of 1663 — and here early in the century was 
still standing an old farm-house in which lived Ebenezer Paterson, the farmer 
of Dumbroch. This has long ago disappeared, but the memory of old Ebenezer 
still lingers in the name often given to the neighbouring sheet of water — 
^* Ebbie's Loch." « 

Coming straight down towards the valley we arrive at Cockmylane,' where 
there was a small distillery fifty or sixty years ago. Its site is close to the 
spot where the hill is pierced for the waterworks tunnel. Its foundation can still 
be traced. The place where the miller now lives used to be called the " Shillin 
Hill,'' and in the immediate neighbourhood several families had houses. After 
James Smith bought Milndavie he added greatly to the storage capacity of the 
several dams which held the water for the mill. He did this by raising the 
embankments at Dumbroch Loch and the Deil's Craig Dam and also at Loch 
Ardinnmg, by arrangement with Mr. Stirling of Craigbarnet.^ Going eastwards, 

^Its last inhabitant was the late Andrew Macfarlane, whose excellent spouse, Margaret 
George, the representative of an old Strathblane race, still survives, and has given the author 
much valuable information about old people and places. 

* Within the last few years this loch is sometimes called "Abbey Loch** or "The Abbey 
Loch." This has arisen from "Ebbie*' being mistaken for "Abbey" by some one who did 
not know the history of the place. It is hardly necessary to say that there never ^iis an 
abbey in Strathblane, and that the lands of Dumbroch never were in the possession of one 
in any other parish. 

'Cockmylane is perhaps a corruption of the old Scottish word Cockalane, meaning "a 
comic play or satyre " ; and it may be that Cockmylane was the spot where in pre- Reformation 
times such were enacted in the parish. It is derived, like many other Scottish words, from 
the French, Coq-k-r^e, meaning *' nonsense "or '* cock and bull story." A little to the west 
of Cockmylane is a very large boulder, standing where three lairds' lands meet (Craigend, 
Craigallian, and Duntreath). It is called "The Gowk's Stane," and may have got this name 
from the " anticks " performed there by the fool or jester in these old plays. 

^ There is a vague story floating about in the district about a witch in connection with Loch 
Ardinning. It b said that one of the lairds of Craigbomet had one of these unfortunate 
creatuies drowned there, and that when she was dying she cursed the family of Stirling and also 

2 K 


at the cross-road at Milndavie gate there used to stand, on the Blue Risk,i 
a cottage, now gone many years ; and farther east Hillhead farm-house occupied 
the place where Napier Lodge is now built. About half a mile to the south of 
this point stands Mr. Robert Jameson's new house — Ardunan. At the end of 
the old road that runs at the back of the manse there used to be an old 
house, Vicarland, and it was here too that the old original vicarage of Roman 
Catholic times stood. Going farther east, and up the side of the Blane, we 
come upon the old houses at Kirklands, once cottars' or small farmers' houses. 
It was here "Old Burrie" — James Stirling of Craigbarnet — lived in concealment 
after his escape from Dumbarton Castle, where he was imprisoned after the 
rising of "the '45." There is a tradition, too, that Prince Charles Edward was 
once here, though what he was doing at this place is hard to conjecture. Near 
these houses stood " Brunthouse," a steading long since removed. To the east 
of Dunglass, and nearly opposite " The Hole " farm, was another farm-steading, 
now quite gone. It was called " The Hill " : families of Ewings and Gardners 
were latterly the farmers in it The old mill of the Kirklands was just at the 
foot of the hills, north-east of Broadgate farm. The water which supplied it 
was led from the Blane by a lade which can still be traced. It started from 
the burn a few hundred yards above the house at Ballagan.^ Other buildings 
on the Kirklands estate, now gone, were two small farm-steadings between 
Broadgate and the church. 

The old church and manse were still standing at the beginning of this 
century, the former on its present site, the latter on the other side of the 
stream, to the north of the old tree in the garden by the side of the bum, and 
the Kirkhouse Inn still drove its roaring trade just at the churchyard gate. 

At the east side of the churchyard gate there formerly stood a small build- 
ing, adjoining the present cottage. It was used as a guard-house by the 
persons employed in watching the churchyard against the depredations of body 
snatchers or resurrectionists. Happily there is now no need of such precautions: 
the place, therefore, was removed when the improvements on the church and 
churchyard were made in Dr. Pearson's time. There had been built into the 

the loch, which thereafter was to be without living inhabitant. The story goes that this curse 
weighed heavily on the late Craigbarnet, and that he was at great pains stocking the loch with 
fish so as to show the impotency of the witch's curse. The author believes that there is no 
truth in the story. There are no traces of witches in Strathblane either in the Session or 
Presbytery Records. The loch certainly was carefully stocked with fish in the late laird's 
time, but the object was no doubt for sport for himself and friends and from no superstitious 

^ Blue Risk means **a bleak waste land" or "a cold marshy place," from the Scottish 
words Bla or Blae and Reesk, Reisque, or Reisk. The common Scottish surname **Risk" 
was first given to a man living on such a place. 

a This mill in Blaeu's Atlas of 1663 is called " Lemkill Mill." 


wall of this guard-house a font, or more likely a piscina, which had done duty 
in old Strathblane Church in Roman Catholic times. When the house was taken 
down this relic of antiquity was preserved, and it now forms the baptismal font 
in the Parish Church. It has, however, been so much smoothed down, and 
added to, and decorated that it is quite unrecognizable even by those who 
knew it well and regarded it with a certain awe in its pristine form. 

There were formerly three small bleachfields and a waulk mill on the Blane 
below the manse and above the modem Blanefield; and farther down the 
stream, a little to the east of the Castle, was the old mill of Duntreath. Its 
site can still be traced. A thatched cottage, of which there are now no traces, 
stood on the north side of the road not far from the modern Parklea; and 
a little distance from it, between Middle and Wester Ballewan, about the 
beginning of the present century, was a *^side" school in a little cottage on 
the south side of the road nearly opposite Middle Ballewan. This also has 
quite disappeared.^ 

On the Duntreath estate there were many farm and other houses, now gone. 
Near the mill on the south side of the Blane were the steadings of Capponhill 
and Shennanend;^ and farther south-west, on the side of the old road which 
runs from Dungoiach to Carbeth, stood Bronniecroft, the remains of the garden 
of which can still be traced. On Arlehaven were several small farmers' and 
crofters' houses, Auchentall being the principal one. Its site was a little to the 
west of Tammiegilt : a solitary plane tree stands near the spot. North-west of 
this farm was Roseyards with its steading. Near the north end of Dungoiach 
Loan was a row of houses, and at Blairquhosh was a smithy overshadowed by 
the big oak tree which flourishes in the present farm-yard.* Upon the hill to 
the north was the farm-house of Caldhame, now no more; and still traceable 
are the remains of cottages at Spittal where three families dwelt. On the 
Ballewan estate was Cantiewheerie, where two families lived; and a little south 
of it were other two cottages, now quite gone. Duntreath and the neighbour- 

^ The mills and bleachfields on the Blane did no harm to the fish with which the stream 
then abounded. In 1604 James Kincaid of that ilk, and Tames Kincaid, his son, were bound 
in 500 merks ** not to slay salmon in the waters of the Clyd, Lewin, Blanis^ Kalvin, or branches 
thereof," and late in last century '* burning the water," as the method of killing salmon by 
torchlight is called, was a common sport on the Blane. The trout iishing, too, till well on in 
this century, was very good ; but the BlaneBeld Printworks, which have benefited in many ways 
the people of the Strath, have been fatal to the fish. 

* Shennan is probably Shaen-dun = Old Fort. The little farm of Shennanend possibly, there- 
fore, got its name from being the near neighbour of Old Duntreath. 

•John Mason, "My Lord," was a well-known smith there. He is laid in the churchyard, 
near the gate, in the burying-place of his family, an old Strathblane race. On the tombstone 
is a crown and a hand holding a hammer, but whether this is a graceful allusion to his calling 
and his aristocratic nickname, or in memory of some ancestor who was a member of the 
Incorporation of Hammermen of Glasgow, is uncertain. 



hood were thus in old days well peopled, and it had a yearly fair of its own on 
the third Tuesday of January. 

Chief among the new buildings in this district of the parish are DunmuUin, 
built on Wester Ballewan, and bought by Sir William Edmonstone in 1878; 
Blairquhosh House, built on Blairquhosh Edmonstone in 1857 for Mr. Webster, 
at that time factor for Duntreath; and Parklea, Mr. Anthony S. Coubrough's 
excellent house. Parklea stands close to Gateside, where a little back from the 
road there used to be a small inn, with a large open square in front of it 
This inn was a favourite resort of drovers, who rested and refreshed themselves 
therein, while their flocks and herds did the same in the square in front, or in 
the Corrieacre, just at hand^ The distillery at Burnfoot, now called Glen Guin, 
is also a comparatively modem addition to Strathblane, having been erected 
about 1836. 

The Castle of Duntreath, too, though certainly not a modem building, has 
undergone many changes since 1863. It was never a large building, indeed 
the original plan, which was apparently a quadrangle, was never fully carried 
out. The last addition was made by Sir James Edmonstone, who died in 
16 1 8, and it was probably completed by him long before his death. He built 
the western part of the old pile, and in order to commemorate the event he 
had the curious mural tablet sculptured bearing his initials and his coat of 
arms supported on the hump of a rather attenuated camel. ^ He placed this 
stone on the outside of the building, and in the wall of the old western tower he 
inserted another with the initials S J E K—Sir James Edmonstone, Knight — 
incised thereon. Both of these stones grace the walls of Duntreath in its restored 
state, and both by skilful treatment have renewed their youth in a remarkable way. 
After the family went to hve in Ireland the Castle was much neglected, but was 
kept entire till about the middle of the eighteenth century, when the factor on 
the estate, being in want of slates to complete a new farm-house, took them 
from the roof of the old castle. This was the beginning of the rapid decay 
which followed. Before the late Sir Archibald rebuilt Duntreath in 1863, it 
was a complete min, covered with beautiful ivy, ferns, and wild flowers. The 
Dumb Laird's tower, at the south-east comer of the quadrangle, was always a 
point of special interest to the visitor, as well as a flower bed in the garden 
below, formed of earth brought from Ireland to commemorate the long and 
honourable connection of the Edmonstones with the sister isle. This tower was 
taken down and rebuilt when the castle was restored, and the principal entrance 
is through it The public road ran close to the Castle before 1791, and 

^ Corrieacre is now called Corriedale, and has a pretty little house built on it. 
^A woodcut of this interesting stone is given at page 115. 


around the old place were clustered the houses of retainers, and cottages 
inhabited by the joiner, blacksmith, tailor, schoolmaster, and such like indis- 
pensable officers and artificers of the barony. 

There are three villages in the parish of Strathblane — Edenkill, Mugdock, 
and Netherton. 

Edenkill, the oldest, is probably coeval with the ecclesiastical buildings 
of the parish near which it lies. It is much the same size as it was at the 
beginning of the century, but it is hardly so picturesque, many of its thatched 
cottages having given place to common-place two-storeyed slated tenements. 

Mugdock was for long the most important place in the parish, though one 
can hardly now imagine that the quiet little spot of to-day was once ''The 
Towne and Burgh of Mugdock " and " Head Burgh of the Regalitie of 
Montrose, with a weekly mercat ilk Fryday and two free faires yearlie." There 
are fewer houses in Mugdock than there were when the century opened. 

The old village of Netherton of Strathblane stood at the Thorn of Cult. 
It consisted of the smithy, which is still there ; and since the latter part of last 
century, of the school-house, and two rows of cottages parallel with the road, 
and occupying very much the space where the Free Church and manse now 
stand. It had its two shops, one of which was also the ale-house. This pretty 
thatched cottage, now gone, was long occupied by Jenny Brash, after whom the 
Netherton Bum and Glen are often called, and whose "lum" far away on the 
top of the hills still "reeks" furiously when the storm is at the highest.^ 

Nothing is now left of Old Netherton save the smithy and the school-house, 
and its very name seems likely to perish, for the factory originally called Blane 
Printfield has expanded to such ample proportions, and covered its environs 
with so many workers' houses, that the whole of Netherton and neighbourhood, 
with its post-office and railway station, is now usually, but improperly, called 
** Blanefield." 

The first new houses at New Netherton were a few cottages near the works, 
then followed the two-storeyed tenement^ where there has now been for many 
years an east approach to Blanefield House, and afterwards cottages and 
tenements sprang up in all directions as the printfield grew and prospered. 

About forty years ago the Society of Rechabites — a temperance body — built a 
hall on the north side of the public road a few hundred yards to the east of 
Blanefield House gate, and just to the south of St MacKessog's Well. The 

^ '* Jenny's Lum " is a fissure in the rock through which the Netherton, or Jenny's Bum takes 
a leap from the top of the Strathblane hills into the valley below. When the bum is in spate, 
and the wind strong from the south-west, the falling water is blown backwards and upwards, 
and the volumes of spray so formed are exactly like dense gray smoke issuing from a chimney. 
Hence the name. 


society unfortunately did not prosper, and the hall was sold and is now converted 
into dwelling-houses. To the east of this hall Allan Ewing, for long forester at 
Carbeth Guthrie, soon afterwards built a small shop and dwelling-house. This 
is now a public-house. Just on the other side of the road is a much older 
house, long occupied as a shop. The Corporation of Glasgow have also a neat 
establishment at Netherton for the use of their waterworks officials in the parish ; 
but with the exception of these four houses and the smithy, the school, and 
the Free Church and manse, all the other buildings at Netherton are more or 
less connected with the printworks. 

This century, especially the last forty years of it, has seen great changes at 
Netherton, but there is nothing there that has changed so much as the house at 
Blanefield. When the late Mr. Anthony Park Coubrough became its possessor 
it was a small plain tenement. He gradually enlarged and improved it and its 
surroundings. His son, the present proprietor, Mr. John Coubrough, has added 
to its attractions, and Blanefield is now a handsome, well-appointed house, 
surrounded by gardens and well-kept grounds. 

There have been many changes made on the roads as well as on the houses in 
Strathblane during the last 150 years. The principal road in the parish is that 
from Glasgow to Balfron, which passes through the valley. It was altered 
in 1 791, by forming a new road from a point in New Kilpatrick, near the 
present Bumbrae Dyeworks, to the old bridge in the village of EkienkilL 
Here it rejoined the old road which it had superseded up to this point. The 
old line of road is still, however, in use for local purposes, and has been very 
little altered, the only changes being certain straightenings which were made when 
the Mugdock Reservoir was being formed. There was, too, an alteration made 
on the road through the valley from a point a little to the west of Gatehouse, 
to a point near Blairquhosh, a new piece of road a little to the north of the 
old one, which was afterwards disused, being made for this distance.^ There is 
no change on the Drymen Road, which runs through the western side of the 
parish, but there has been on the roads which connect the Drymen Road 
and the Balfron Road. Thus when James Smith was rearranging Craigend 
in the early part of this century, he turned aside from his new castle the 

^The new road was made in 1791, but by 1798 it was found that the tolls authorized to be 
levied by an Act 30 George III. were inadequate for the upkeeping of the roads in this district. 
Another Act was therefore passed in 1798, which authorized the levying of heavier tolls. One 
of the clauses in this Act is as follows : — " And whereas for several years bypast it has been a 
Common Practice for Persons of all Descriptions to make the Sabbath Day a Day for Travell- 
ing and Amusement, Be it therefore enacted That from and al^er the passing of this Act, all 
and every Person or Persons who shall travel on the Lord's Day or King's Fast with any 
Horse or other Beast, Chaise, or other Carriage, shall pay at every Toll Bar erected, or to be 
erected in virtue of this Act, before they are allowed to pass, Double the Tolls and Duties 
hereby authorized to be taken." 


road which, leaving Broadmeadows on the Dryraen Road, enters the parish at 
the bridge over the Allander, and passing close to Craigallian and Craigend, 
joined the old road from Glasgow close to the present Craigend gate; and Mr. 
Guthrie, when he was forming his little estate, altered the road which passed 
through Carbeth. Both of these roads have been, however, again altered, though 
at other points — the first by Mr. Barns-Graham in 1884, when he formed a 
new piece of road to the southward, so as to remove the traffic a little farther 
from his new house, and to enable him to use the old road for part of his 
approach from the south; and the second when the road down the Cult Brae 
was altered so as to secure a better gradient. This work was done very much 
at the instance of Mr. M'Alister of Carbeth Guthrie, and largely under his 

In our accounts of the lands and families of Strathblane, and in the ecclesi- 
astical chapters of this book, we have mentioned incidentally most of the 
principal events which have taken place in the parish, and the only point 
which seems to require farther notice is the former relations of Strathblane to 
her Highland neighbours.^ It is the more proper to do so as without doubt 
the parish was for centuries kept in a state of unrest and often of misery, and 
both agriculture and sheep and cattle breeding were seriously hindered by the 
raids of cattle lifters and '^ broken men " from the north.^ 

^ There have also been minor alterations and improvements on the old roads of the parish. 
An attempt has been made on the map of Old Strathblane to show these roads and drove 
roads as accurately as is now possible. 

' We may, however, venture to afford space for a foot-note in order to notice an event 
" wonderful if true '' which happened in the neighbourhood of Mugdock in 1652. It is best 
given in the words of the old chronicler. '* And now I thocht guid to note how that in 
Februar 1652 thair wes sene in day licht ane armie of ten or xii thousand men marching on 
the north side of Calder aboue Balmoir, and about Mugdok, neir to Glasgow, all marching in 
armes, both horse and fute, fiimescht with swordis, pickis, musketis culuerins drummis and 
trumpettis, quilk maid all the pepill about to flie away with their horse, cattell and guidis. 
At length the pepill sent out to the field is quhair the army marched to vnderstand thair erand, 
bot they evanisched." — Nicol's MS, Diary ^ vol. i. p. 65, Analecta Scotica. 

' Strathblane, however, in much older times was affected for good by its neighbours. It was 
in the year 80 that the Romans penetrated to our district, and the arrival of the warlike strangers 
no doubt alarmed the simple dwellers in the strath, and as Agricola spent the summer of 81 
partly in the nei|;hbourhood of Strathblane, occupying his time in securing his northern 
conquests by buildmg a chain of forts between the Forth and the Clyde, so the inhabitants of 
Strathblane and Campsie seem forthwith to have followed the example of the Roman general 
and built on the Strathblane and Campsie Hills opposing forts and ramparts. The remains of 
these ancient fortifications can be very easily traced, particularly on the slopes to the north of 
Craigbarnet. But the Romans did more than teach the old Cymry to build forts and make 
trenches. During the long centuries they remained in this country they no doubt greatly 
civilized and probably partly Christianized the inhabitants of it. Strathblane, it is true, lay 
beyond the Roman wall, and was thus unconquered, but not far off was the great military 
station at East Kilpatrick, and the lads of our future parish no doubt joined the Roman 
legions, for it must be remembered that these were largely recruited or raised in the provinces, 
the superior officers only being, what we are apt to think their whole armies were, inhabitants 


The only way the parishioners had of effectually protecting themselves from 
these marauders was by paying "black-mail" to some Highland "gentleman/* 
who in consideration of such payment bound himself to restore all cattle, sheep, 
and property which were stolen by his brother " gentlemen " — in other words, 
by " setting a thief to catch a thief." Unfortunately for the people of Strath- 
blane, the Government did not approve of these demoralizing bargains, which 
were common all along the Highland border, and while doing little to protect 
property, they made very stringent laws against "black-mail." Thus by an Act 
of Parliament in 1567 ^ it was made a capital crime to pay it, and in 1587 ^ 
another Act was passed in which the Justice-Clerk was ordained to pursue 
payers or takers of black-mail and do justice upon them. Self-preservation, how- 
ever, was stronger than these Acts of Parliament, and they were often evaded 
or allowed to fall into disuse. A complaint to the Privy Council,^ 20th 
January, 1584-85, shows how His Majesty's "gude and peciable subjectis in- 
habiting the cuntreis of the Lennox, Menteyth, Strivilingschyre and Stratheme, 
ar havelie opprest be reif, stouth, soming, and utheris crymes dalie and 
nychtlie usit upoun thame be certane thevis, lymmaris and somaris, laitle 
brokin lowis upoun thame furth of the brayis of the cuntreis nixt adjacent " and 
though certain persons from the several districts affected were ordered to give 
information as to the best means of repressing these outrages, Sir James Edmon- 
stone of Duntreath and John Cunninghame of Drumquhassle and Easter Mug- 
dock being those chosen from Strathblane, no remedy was found for the evil, 
and black-mail came in time to be tolerated and even legalized as the follow- 
ing curious document shows : — " At Stirling in ane quarter sessioun held by sum 
Justices of his highnes** Peace, upon the third day of ffebruery 1655 the Laird 
of Touch being Chyrsman upon reading of ane petition given in be Captain 
Macgregor mackand mention That several heritors and inhabitants of the 
paroches of Campsie, Dennie, Baldemock, Strathblane, Killeam, Gargunnock 
and utheris w*in the Schirrefdome of Stirling Did agree with him to oversee 
and preserve thair houses goods and geir frae oppressioun and accordinglie did 
pay him and now that sum persones delay to mack payment according to agree- 
ment and use of payment Thairfoir it is ordered that all heritors and inhabitants 
of the paroches afoirsaid mack payment to the said Captain Macgregor of their 
proportionnes for his said service till the first of ffebry last past without delay. 

or citizens of Rome. The lassies, too, fell in love, and married the stalwart centurions and 
soldiers just as they would do, in similar circumstances, at the present day. Strathblane thus, 
while retaining its freedom, was, we may be sure, much benefited by the presence and 
example of the strangers from the sunny South. 

^ Act Par. Jac. VI. cap. 27, 1567. ^ ^^t Par. Jac. VI. cap. 59, 1587. 

* Reg, P. C, of Scot, .i vol, iii. p. 718. * Oliver Cromwell. 


All constables in the several parodies are hereby commandit to see this order 
put in execution as they will answer the contrair. It is also hereby declared 
that all qo have been ingadgit in payment sail be liberat after such time that 
they goe to Captain Hew Macgregor and declare to him that they are not to 
expect any service frae him or he to expect any payment frae them — Just 
Copie — Extracted be James Stirling CI of the Peace ffor Archibald Edmonstone 
bailzie of Duntreeth to be published at the Kirk of Strablane." ^ 

After a time this payment to the Macgregors by the Strathblane lairds seems 
to have been given up, possibly through the Acts against black-mail being again 
enforced, and forthwith the thieving and cattle lifting recommenced and became 
so insufferable that on the 12th February, 1691, a petition was presented to the 
Privy Council by Houston of that ilk, Cochrane of Kilmaronock, and Craig of 
Leddriegreen, "complaining that they were so harassed by thieves and broken 
men that it was impossible for them to pay taxes, and praying that the Council 
would allow them to employ one of the Macgregors who had consented to keep 
watch for their security if paid and entertained."^ The Council gave their 
permission, and to do the Macgregors justice they carried out their part of the 
bargain. Thus "in the year 1720 four score of sheep were stolen about 
Martinmas from Stirling of Craigbamet. The Macgregors, upon receiving in- 
timation set out in pursuit of the thieves (who happened to be the Camerons 
of Lochaber), traced them to their recesses in Inverness-shire, and after six 
weeks restored the whole flock with the exception of four sheep";* and at a 
somewhat later date a band of M*Craws made a raid into Strathblane and 
lifted 200 sheep. A notice was at once sent to Macgregor, and he and 
his men pursued the marauders as far as Ross-shire, and in about three weeks 
brought back 199 of the 200 sheep stolen. In 1741 the system was still in 
force, as a curious contract dated in April and May of that year shows.^ It is 
between James Graham of Glengyle and John Graham, younger of the same, 
and several heritors in the Lennox, and by it, in consideration of four per cent, 
on the valued rent of their respective lands paid yearly to the first named, and 
due notice given to them or their agent at Diymen, they shall be bound to 
restore to the said heritors all cattle, sheep, and horses stolen from their lands 
within six months after the theft committed, or to make payment to the persons 
from whom they were stolen of their true value, to be ascertained by the oaths 
of the owners before any judge ordinary. The Grahams were not to be bound 
for "small pickerys," but "ane horse or black cattle stolen within or without 

^ History of Stirlingshire^ Ximmo, p. 623. ^ Irving's Dumbartonshire^ p. 225. 

* Farmtrs* Afagasinet vol. ix. p. 197, 8. 

* The author is indebted to Mrs. Graham Stirling of Craigbamet for this document. It is 
among papers belonging to her family, the Napiers of Ballikinndn. 

2 L 


doors, or any number of sheep above six shall be theft and not pickeiy," 
This was probably the last black-mail contract in this district, for after the 
failure of the rising in favour of Prince Charles in 1745 vigorous measures 
were taken to enforce law and order in the Highlands, and both cattle-lifting 
and black-mail were finally put down.^ 

But though there was thus more security in the parish, Strathblane one 
hundred years ago was still a very primitive place. It was but slowly recover- 
ing from the raids of the Highlanders and the maraudings of the "rogs" from 
the north, and though the Edmonstones of Duntreath were beginning to plant 
woods and their kinsmen of Spittal to breed better cattle, and the minister 
of the parish to improve agriculture, still the march of progress was but slow. 
Communication with the outer world was difficult, for the roads were all but 
impassable, and public conveyances there were none. The people therefore 
stayed at home, intermarried with each other, and for long profited but little 
from the new life which was now beginning in Scotland. 

The opening of the nineteenth century, however, was a new era in the 
parish. The new road to Glasgow and the north allowed free intercourse 
with neighbouring parishes and towns.^ The new and seemly church, and 

* The Civil wars and commotions to which Scotland had been too often subjected were 
no donbl Ihe gteat cause of these mataudirgs, thus, after the batlle of Kittiecrankie in 
1689 and the breaking up of Dundee's forces the country was much disturbed by " broken 
men" from Ihe north. In the "Transaction.;" of the Glasgow Archaeological Society (part i. 
l359t P- 3S)> there is printed the "Journal" of a soldier in the Earl of £g!in(an's troop 
of horse. This curious paper gives an account of the mireeraenls of this r^menl while 
engaged in restoring order. It is in the form of a journal. At the end of July, 1689. 
the writer records: — "We marched to Killpalrick and then to Glasgow, where we stayed 
4 days, and thence we marched to Cader ; and from ih' to Campsie wher we lay egbl 
days; and on of them nights the hilland men cam to the Mount above the toune, 
driving all the coues and ycous belonging to (he counlrey men ther about; (he gentell men 
coming in to the toun wher our quarter master was, who comanded the half of the troupe 
that lay Iher, desiring emestlie thai he would assist Ihem in persewing of the rogs, and in 
geting of the counlreymens goods back again; he causing the troumpal sound a hors, we all 
niDunting about midnight, we marching doun to duntreth, falling in by the back of the monl 
wher there was a pass, where we eipected to a melt with ihem ; they geting notice of 
it that we wer in their pcrseut, made their escape in be Loch Lomont, losing all the catell ; 
the conlrey men liniling that we had regained all their catell give our quarter master a great 
many thanks, and lould Iiiui so long as we wer to stay tlier we should pn; nothing for man 

* It was early in the century that the first umbrella arrived in the parish. In Or. Hamilton's 
" Life " its first appearance is thus described ; — " The fortunate possessor was Miss Robison of 
Ledd riegrccn, and the first day of its public exhibition was a rainy Sabbath. Being apprised 
of its presence in church, all the youngsters turned out to view the phenomenon, and as the 
old lady advanced through the descending flood under covert of her moving tent, they eyed her 
with such adiniralion as some of us have felt the first lime ne saw a man go donn in a 
diving-bell." It was early, too, in the centuiy that a Slralhbtane tradesman visited London. 
John Livingstone, tailor, was (he adventurous man, and ever afterwards be went by the name 
of " Lunnon Johnnie," a nickname which al once commemorated his visit to the great 
metropolis and distinguished him from his relative, John Livingstone the precentor, who was 
universally known as " Singing Johnnie." 


the better schoolhouse and teaching, told on the manners and intelligence of 
the people, and though the tone of the rural part of the community was 
certainly lowered by the excessive number of public-houses in the parish, and 
the almost unchecked system of smuggling which was carried on to an enormous 
extent,^ still progress, though slow, was certain and continuous. The appearance 
of the cholera in 1832, the agitations about the first Reform Bill and other 
political matters, and the Church question made men think and read. Cattle 
shows and farmers' societies gave a stimulus to cattle breeding and agriculture, 
and the success of the Blanefield Printworks brought new families and new 
ideas into the parish. Coaches, and latterly a railway, have made travelling and 
visiting easy. Loch Katrine and Edenkill water-supply, higher wages and better 
houses, have made life more comfortable, and amusements, both intellectual and 
outdoor, have made it more agreeable than it was a hundred years ago. 

This century, then, has seen many improvements in Strathblane, and though 
we are not yet very far on the road to perfection, still we have made a start 
on our journey, and there is no reason why we should now pause. 

^ The excise officers in Strathblane in the early part of the century were actually in league 
with the smugglers. They received a percentage on the profits of each still, and in return 
agreed not to disturb their operations unless driven to do so by a direct information. In such 
a case, they took good care to give timeous warning when a seizure was to be made. A well- 
known officer, who was generally supposed to have introduced this system, was drowned while 
bathing in Dumbroch Loch in 182 1, and afterwards there was less open smuggling. 




Note. — In the aoaeied list of tombstones the inscriptions are given, letter for 
leltec, and line for line, as they are on the originals ; the stjie of the 
lettering being tu neatly the same as con be produced hj types. 




The following is a complete list of the Tombstones in Strathblane Churchyard. 
It begins on the west side and reads from the south to the north. The Monu- 
ment of the Coubroughs of Blanefield stands almost immediately behind the 
Session House, and is counted No. i of the First Row, there being at present 
no stones south of it. 

No. I. (A red granite monument.) 








DIED 4TH MAY 1849. 








(On a small marble tablet lying in front of the 
monument is inscribed) 




BORN 2 1ST MAY 1882 


(On the back of the monument is the following 



BORN 1660 DIED 1740 



BORN 17 1 7 DIED 9™ JULY 1 797 


i^ AGNES EDMONSTONE (of spital) 
2° AGNES LAPSLIE (campsie) 



DIED 1844 






No. 2. (A small white marble cross.) 





Nos. 3, 4, 5, 6, and 7 are graves with no 

No. 8. (A headstone.) 




WHO DIED 5*^" AUGUST 1855 

There are no more tombstones in Row I. 

No. 7. 

No. I. 


17 • OS 
IC • HW 

Nos. 2, 3, 4, and 5 are graves with no 

Na 6. (A headstone.) 

to the Memory 

of MARY FERGUS Spouse 


Blanefield who departed 

this life the 29'** Sept' 1827 

Aged 69 Years 

died 25"* Feb 1855 aged 78 years 

died 11'^ May 1866 aged 38 years 

died 17* June 1868 aged 27 years 

No. 8. 


No. 9. 


No. 10. 







No. II. 

ro HERE • LYES • THE • CORPS • OF • M 










daa . OHM . aara • xvhoh vk 












No. 12. 


No. 1.3. (A headstone.) 




WHO DIED 20^" MAY 1851 





DIED 17™ JUNE 1854 




DIED 7™ MARCH 1 825 




DIED 3'"' JUNE 1836 






No. 14. (A Stone with the inscription quite 
worn off.) 

No. 15. (A stone with the inscription quite 
worn off.) 



No. 16. (A headstone.) 


No. 17. (A headstone.) 













No. 18. (A headstone.) 








1823 AGED 22 YEARS 




No. 19. 








THE 22 FEBRY 1 82 7 


BORN 18™ SEPT* 1826 AND 
DIED 31*^ JULY 1827 

Nos. 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, and 
28 are graves with no tombstones. 

No. 29. (A headstone.) 


Nos. 30, 31, 32, 33, and 34 are graves 
with no tombstones. 

No. 35. 

The Property of 

Ja* Money 


No. I. 





No. 2. 





No. 3. 





No. 4. 





Nos. 5 and 6 are graves with no tomb- 

No. 7. 




No. 8. 



DIED 20™ APRIL 1851 AGED 8l 

No. 9. 





Farmer Auchineen 

in JEentors tA 


Who died Dec 2nd 1835 

In the 60 Year of her Age 

No. 10. (Headstone.) 










(On a stone lying below.) 






1 771 IN THE 26™ YEAR 


No. II. A grave with no tombstone. 

No. 12. 










1797 AGED 80 YEARS 

2 M 




No. 13. A grave with no tombstone. 

No. 14. 





15™ JUNE 1872 


No. 15. (Headstone.) 




in Memory of his son Neil 

who died the 2** December 1847 

Aged 31 Years 

No. 16. 


No. 17. Inscription worn away. 

No. 18. 

No. 19. 











No. 20. A grave with no tombstone. 

No. 21. (Headstone against the Church 



BORN AUGUST 12 1813 






A number of graves follow with no tombstones, 
till the last but one in this row, viz. : — 

(A headstone.) 















DIED 27™ AUGT 1868 










Na I. 

No. 3. 

No. 4. 

17 14 

C R 

No. 2. 











No. 5. (Headstone.) 





who died 9*** Nov 1864 aged 70 years 

No. 6. A grave with no tombstone. 

No. 7. (Headstone.) 






WHO DIED 27**^" JUNE 1839 



DIED 6™ SEPTR 1839 



DIED 12^" MARCH 185! 



WAS BORN 12^" FEBY 1809 

AND DIED 8™ NOV*^ 1 863 

No. 8. 

Here lies the Body of 

Turner in Glasgow 

youngest Son JOHN M^ 

IN DOE Portioner of Wester 

Carbeth who died the 6'** 

April 1806 Aged 27 years 

and 10 months 

No. 9. 





No. 10. 



itt JHemorg of 


Who died Jan 3^ 1830 

and of 


Who died Sept 15* 1830 

No. II. 

Carbeth burying ground 

the property of 

John Guthrie 


John Miller died \^^ Dec 1819 

Aged 38 years 

No. 12. 


No. 13. (Headstone.) 







WHO DIED 8^" MARCH 1 848 


No. 14. 

No. 15. 


to the Memory of 


at Duntreath Dec 1787 Aged 76 

JOHN LIVINGSTON his son died 

at Edenkill 14**' Feb 1823 Aged 87 

ISABELLA BROWN his Spouse died 

at Broadgate 16*'* Feb 1834 Aged 83 

No. 16. No inscription. 

No. I. 





WHO DIED 28™ APRIL 1875 





(A small headstone.) 


On a 

L Stone below — 




















No. 4. No inscription. 

No. 5. 



No. 6. 




Here is interred 


Bom feb 1701 


Died 6* may 1781 

No. 7. 

Here Lies 


Esq' of 


Born May 1726 


Died feb 1793 



his Grandson Bom 

the 20*** of November 

1803 and Died the 

14'** of Aprile 1806 


Agnes Robison 

his Granddaughter 

Bom 21 March 1807 

Died 12 Sept 1864 

No. 8. 

Here Lies 

Robert Robison esq* 



Writer in Glasgow 
Bom the 30*** of October 

Died the 25*^ of October 




OP leddriegreen 


late sheriff substiiute 

of ayrshire 


Nos. 6, 7, and 8 are within a stone coping, are all 
in beautiful order, and No. 8 is a very pretty 
freestone slab. The upper tablet is a little 
raised, and the lower tablet is of grey granite 
let into the freestone. 

No. 9. 

I • R • MB 

Nos. 10 and ii are graves with no tomb- 



No. 12. 

The property of 
Robert Brock 


Jean Buchanan 


No. 14. 




No. 15. 

Here Lies the Remains 



Portioner in Mugdock 

Who Died About Middle 

Age • 12 Jan 1777 

and also Jean Weir 

his Spouse who died the 

18* August 1806 aged 70 years 


No. I. (Low headstone.) 



No, 2. A grave with no tombstone. 

No. 3. 

No. 13. A grave with no tombstone. 

No. 4. 

No. 5. 

No. 6. 



Here lies the Body 


Walter Paul who 

Died the 16**" of June 

1806 Aged 51 years 

Here lies the Remains 



Portioner in Auchingillan 

Who Died the 5* of 

July 1793 Aged 76 Years 

And ten Months 




Died 21'* Feb 187 1 

Aged 49 Years 

17 63 


16 '63 
WH • ID 






No. 7. 






DIED 16™ JULY 1864 


No. 8. 


No. 9. 


Died 16**" May 1809 

Aged 49 Years 

No. 10. 




DIED 6™ MAY 1882 


No. II. (Headstone.) 



in Memory of his wife 


who died 15*** September 

1 84 1 Aged 50 Years 

(Two stones lying below, one blank, on the other) 


No. 12. 

I i i 

No. 13. 




No. 14. 

The property of 


late of CARBETH 


No. 14 is right opposite the Church door, about 
five yards from it. 

No. I. (Headstone.) 







DIED 9™ JULY 1846 


DIED 13™ JULY 1868 



(A weeping angel carved at foot of the stone.) 



Nos. 2 and 3 blank. 

No. 4. 



& ALSO • APRIL • 25 • 

• LUM • HER • SON 
AGED • 24 

No. 5. 

No. 6. 

No. 7. 



I G 



No. 8. (Headstone.) 

(Srecteb bs the f amilg 




WHO DIED 30™ JULY 1870 



DIED 10^ MARCH 1 866 




No. 9. (Small marking stone.) 
No. 10. Blank. 

No. II. 




No. 12. (A headstone.) 

GB ■ M.M^ 

(On a stone below) 








SHE DIED ON 23"^^ JUNE 1817 AGED 66 









No. 13. 


No. 14. 

ROW vni. 

No. I. 


the Property of 


in Peach and ANN SHEARER 

his Spouse and their Children 

Malcolm their Son died 
i"* January 1824 Aged 24 Years 

No. 2. A stone with inscription worn 

No. 3. 



No. 4. (Headstone.) 






WHO DIED 21^ FEBY 1 85 7 AGED 1 4 














No. 5. A grave with no tombstone. 

No. 6. 


2 N 



No. 7. 



JP 1824 

Nos. 8, 9, and 10 are graves with no tomb- 

No. II. 





No. 12. 



No. 14. 


No. 16. 

No. 13. A grave with no tombstone. 

No. 15. 



WHO DIED 5*^" FEBY 1 876 


WHO DIED 23° SEPl**^ 1880 








WHO DIED 3° JUNE 1 85 7 


DIED 21^ APRIL 1882 

Between Rows VIII. and IX. is a headstone ont 
of its place inscribed thus — 



















No. I. 






10™ AUGUST 1867 


Nos. 2 and 3 are graves with no tomb- 

No. 4. 




DIED 7™ JUNE 1877 
AGED 32 

No. 5. A marking stone with RG cut on 

No. 6. (Headstone.) 




in Memory of his Father 


who died 30*** April 1820 

Aged 67 Years 

No. 7 and to the path no tombstones. 

No. 8. 



Nos. 9 and 10. Stones with no inscriptions. 

Nos. 1 1 and 1 2 are graves with no tomb- 

No. 13. 

Here lie the Remains of 





died on the 25*** day of August 1822 

in the 22"* year of his age 

No. 14. 










DIED 31^^ OCTR 1 86 1 AGED 3 MONTHS 



No. 15. 

A • C 

Burying Ground 

No. 16. 

DC ■ MD 


No. I. (This stone is on the south side of 
the path, and the inscription is 
worn away.) 

Nos. 2 and 3 are graves enclosed by chain. 



(Craig at the top, Col beg at the bottom.) 

Nos. 4, 5, 6, 7, and 8 are graves with no 

No. 9. 

This is the burying place of 

Here lies the remains of 

Spouse of 


She died on the 5**" day of January 

1821 in the 61^ year of her age 

Na 10. (Headstone.) 




WHO DIED 18™ FEB 1850 




31**^ AUGUST 1854 AGED 29 YEARS 




DIED 20™ JANUARY 1874 

No. II. 


RS 1716 

Robert Shearer 



Na 12. 



AGED 76 

No. 5. 

This is the burying Place 

of Robert Smith and 

Marion Fergus and 

their descendants 1685 

No. 6, 


No. I. 

This is the 

Burying Ground of 


his spouse and their heirs 

This stone is on the south side of the path. 

No. 2. 




WHO DIED 4™ SEPT 1857 





No. 7. 

No. 3. 



This is the Burying Place 
of William Weir Farmer 


New kilpatrick and 

Margaret Glen his 

Spouse and their Children 

Here lie the Remains ot 

James Weir their son who 

departed this Life on the 28^ 

of July 1799 in the 27*** year 

of his age 

No. 8. 

Nos. 4 and 5 are the burial phices of the Smiths 
of Craigend, and are enclosed by a low stone 

Na 4. The arms of Smith of Craigend, 
but no inscription. 




No. 9. A grave with no tombstone. 



No. lO. 



WHO DIED 9™ SEPT 1 83 1 





No. II. 

The property of 

Robert Weir 

farmer Keayston 




To the Memory of her husband 


who died \^ April 1848 

aged 81 years 



No. 12. 



Property of 

Walter Atken 

Portioner Auchingillan 

No. 13 





™4 OF AUGUST 1830 


in memory of his Son ROBERT 

husband of JANET BRYCE 

who died 5* Octr 1830 

Aged 29 Years 





No. 14. 


No. 15. 




27™ NOVEMBER 1 845 

AGED 83 



AGED 87 



AGED 76 




Nos. I, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, and 8 are graves 
with no tombstones. 

No. 9. (Headstone.) 













No. TO. 




No. II. (Headstone.) 





WHO DIED 19™ JULY i86t 





DIED 27™ SEPT 1869 

(On a tombstone below) 



No. 12. 






No. 13. Stone with the inscription worn 

No. 14. 




(On an inlaid granite stone) 



BORN 3° AUG^ 1853 DIED 1 7™ JULY 1877 


BORN 19™ JUNE 1855 DIED 17*^" APRIL 1 85 7 


BORN 3° MAY 1858 DIED 5™ JANRY 1 86 1 





No. 15. 



No. 16. (Headstone.) 

Under a sculptured Crown and Hammer, the 
insignia of the Incorporation of Hammermen 
of Glasgow. 



17 74 



No. 17. A grave with no tombstone. 


No. I. 


No. 2. 

died 20*** Oct 1761 

Aged 43 years 


died the 25*** Nov' 1800 

aged 81 years 

No. 3. 

Burying Ground 

No. 4. 

(The Edmonstone of Ballewan arms and motto, 
" Gauge and Measure.") 

Erected in Memory of 

Archibald Edmonstone of 

BaUeoun second son of the 

Family of Duntreath 15 16 


of Spittal 

died 30*^ December 182 1 

aged 67 Years 

No. 5. 


(On an inlaid granite stone) 





DIED 19™ JANUARY 1873 



(This was an old freestone slab with all inscription 
worn off except the date, and this has been 
recut in modem figures.) 

No. 6. A grave with no tombstone. 

No. 7. 





Na 8. 



No. 9. 



No. 10. 


Place of WILL** M^LAY 


his Wife and their 

Children 1795 



No. II. 



17 T4 

No. 12. 




No. 14. A grave with no tombstone. 

No. 13. (Headstone.) 





WHO DIED 29"^** MAY 1 849 


WHO DIED 7™ DEC* 1 836 




who died 12^" JANUARY 1 833 


WHO DIED 7™ JAN^ 1 836 




No. 15. (Headstone.) 

The Memory of 


who Died ^^ Oct' 1831 aged 14 Months 


Died 13*'' July 1849 aged 10 years 

Died 25*** Jan^ 1851 aged 19 years 

No. 16. 


Mugdock Castle 

died on the 5**" of July 1820 

in his 7 !•* year 


his Wife 

died on the 18* of February 

1820 in her 65*^ year 

Their daughter MARGARET 

died 18*^ December 1843 

and Janet died 24*** October 1844 

23° FEBRUARY 1855 

Blessed are the dead that die in the Lord 

2 o 


No. 17. A grave with no tombstone. I No. 7. Stone with inscription worn off. 

No. 4. 
No. 5. 


, A grave with no tombstone. 

James Narvoll 


A grave with no tombstone. 



No. 6. 

No. 8. 

The earliest inscription on this interesting old stone 
is that round the edge. The Coal of Arms, 
which is Buchanan and Graham impaled, 
is or the same date, and is a curious example 
of Slrathblane Heraldic sculpture in the 17th 
cenlurj. The insctiplions at the top of the 
tombstone and below the Coat of Arms are 
much later ; the former being of the 18th and 
the latter of the 19th ceDtury. 

Nos. 9 and 10 are graves 

with no tomb- 



No. II. (Headstone.) 





who died 28*** March 1836 

No. 12. Stone with inscription worn off. 

No. 13. 



S ER 1745 


No. 14. A grave with no tombstone. 

No. 15. 


No. 17. (Headstone.) 

THIS IS THE Burying 
his Wife SHE departed 
this Life 5*** April 1825 
Aged 59 Years 

No. 18. A stone, inscription worn off. 

No. 19. A stone, inscription worn off. 

No. 20. A grave with no tombstone. 

No. 21. 




No. 22. A grave with no tombstone. 

No. 23. (Headstone.) 



in Memory of their daughters 

Janet A. Gardiner who died 28**" 

July 1836 Aged 12 years & Jane 

died 13* Oct*"' 1836 Aged 7 Years 

No. 1 6. A grave with no tombstone. 

No. 24. A grave with no tombstone. 



No. 25. 



No. 30. 

IR 1814 


Nos. 26, 27, and 28 are graves with no 

No. 29. 


JOHN GRAY in Memory 

ofhisfather JM^GRAY 

Farmer Ballagan 

who died i** of Janr'^ 1829 

aged 67 years 


his Brother Alexander 

who died Novb' 11*** 1824 

Aged 24 Years 

His Sister Margaret 

who died May 30"' 1825 

Aged 27 Years 

His Mother GRACE WATT 

died August 3** 1848 

Aged 81 years 







WHO DIED 16"^" NOVEMBER 1 85 9 

No. 31. A grave with no tombstone. 

No. 32. 


No. 33. 






ISABELLA NIMMO their mother 

DIED 22° FEBY 1860 

ANDREW WILSON their father 

DIED 13"*'" OCTOBER 1868 




No. I. A grave with no tombstone. 

No. 2. 


(Hand holding a hammer) 


I \ \ BROCK 


No. 3. No inscription. 

No. 4. 



who died 21** Aug^ 1855 

Aged 72 Years and 


His Wife 

who died 7* Nov' 1853 

Aged 69 Years 

No. 5. Stone with no inscription. 

No. 6. 



No. 7. (Low headstone.) 

IH • EB 

(On the tombstone below) 


(This is an old stone with a coffin sculptured on it. 
The new lettering is cut across the coffin.) 

No. 8. 





No. 9. A grave with no tombstone. 

No. 10. (Low headstone.) 

17 47 


\ No. zi. A grave with no tombstone. 



No. 12. 




this Stone in Memory of 


His Wife 

who died the 22^ 

day of June 18 14 aged 37 years 

and is the intended burying 

place of him and their family 

No. 13. A grave with no tombstone. 

No. 14. 

The Coat of Arms on this stone is Macfarlan and 
Cunninghame impaled. The Canninghame 
Shakefork is of an unusual form. 

No. 15. 

No. 16. 

The Gift of 

James Graham to 

James Smith of 







No. 17. (Headstone.) 




JANE AITKEN his spouse who died 

the 19* of May 1847 Aged 42 Years 

And their Son WILLIAM who 

died the 19*'* February 1848 

Aged 15 Years 



No. 18. (Headstone.) 





Twenty fourth May mdcccxviii 


Thirteenth September mdcccxxxi 

This lovely bud so young and fair 
Cut off by early doom 
Just come to show how sweet a Flower 
In Paradise could bloom 

No. 19. (Headstone.) 

(This stone has an inscription on both sides and 
on the north edge. It is cut in a curious 
italic like character which cannot be imitated 
in type, and is difficult to read. ) 

On the side of the stone facing the West — 
Here lyeth the body of 
Christian Jacques late 
spouse to M' Ja Livin 
gstone bom 1666 died Ap 3 
1735 aged 62 years a Strang 
er from her native land a 
Stranger of this earth now 
by the lamb she^s up above no 
more to taste of death. 

On the side of the stone facing the East — 

Also here lyeth the body of 
Ann Livingston the iv daughter 
bom Aug 1703 died 17 14 aged 
eleven years also here lyeth 
the body of Isobel Stirling late 
spouse to John Livingstone and 
mother to M' Ja livingstone 

No. 19 — coniinu€d. 

On the North edge of the stone- 

o 'crue 
1 • unre 
g "dea 
ercy • is 
with • t 
he 'who • 
St • frien 
ds ' assu 
nder • 
tares • 
to 'who • 
vs • no • 

No. i9j^. A grave with no tombstone. 

No. 20. (See woodcut, page 212.) 

The legend round the tombstone is — HERE 


On a square tablet on the upper part of the stone 
is the following — 

AP 21 1748 
o 17 



No. 21. 




No. 22. (Headstone.) 

(A sand-glass cut on the flat top.) 



Mason Milngavie 

who died Sept' 

19'** 1 791 Aged 41 Years 

and AGNESS his daughter died 19*** 

Sept' 1792 Aged 4 Years 


died July 11 . 1834 

No. 23. (Headstone.) 





in Memory of his son 


who died 18*** October 

1842 Aged 21 Years 

Nos. 24 and 25 are graves with no tomb- 

No. 26. (Headstone.) 



in Memory of his wife 

Who died 18* May 1848 

Aged 27 Years 

No. 27. A grave with no tombstone. 

(Nos. 28, 29, and 30 are within four square corner 
stones, and mark the burial place of the Lyies, 
an old Strath blane race. ) 

No. 28. No stone. 

No. 29. 

Here lie the remains of 



And his grandson 


who died i** of May 

181 5 aged 16 years 

No. 30. Stone with no inscription. 

No. 31. 





No. 32. (Headstone.) 


No. 5. 




No. r. A grave with no tombstone. 


No. 6. 






No. 2. 




No. 7. 

No. 3. Stone, but inscription worn away. 

No. 4. (Headstone.) 







WHO DIED 15™ JUNE 1 883 

(On a stone below) 


This is the burying Place 


and JANE T BRASH his 

Spouse and their Children 

Here lie the Remains of 


Daughter who died on the 5 

of March 1798 in the 16 year 

of her age 

No, 8. 

Peter Brisban and 

Janet Brash his Spouse 

placed this Stone in Memory of 

James Brisban their Son who 

departed this Life on the 8 of 

Sep* 1797 aged 18 years 

also lie the Remains of 

Janet Brisban their Daughter 

who died on the 6*^ of Dec 

1797 in the 19*^ year of her age 

2 p 


. _ I 


No. 9. 


No. 15. 

Here lie the Remains of 


who departed this life 

on the 28* of Nod 1811 

in the iS year of his age 

No. 10. 

This is the burying place of 



He died April 1792 

She died Sept' 1808 

No. II. 





MARCH 17 17 

This is the burying 

ground belongings to 


lairds of Mugdock 

No. 12. 



No. 13. A grave with no tombstone. 

No. 14. 


17 15 



No. 16. 


John Calder 

Who Departed 

This Life The 

2 of Aug 1672 

Also the Property 

of James Jack and 

his Spouse Agnes 

Williamson daug' 

of James Williamson 

This is the burying 

ground belongings to 


lairds of Mugdock 

(In 14, 15, and 16 the John Brown or Browns is 
in a later lettering.) 



No. 17. A grave with no tombstone. 

No. 18. 



No. 19. A grave with no tombstone. 

No. 20. 



No. 21. (Rev. Dr. Hamilton's monu- 





BORN FEB 4 1780 DIED APRIL 1 6 1 83 5 












No. 21 — continued. 

















No. 22. (See woodcut, page 210.) 

16 88 










DCS, then 

No. 3- A grave with no tombstone. 

No. 4. A grave with no tombstone. 

No. 5. (A grey granite stone.) 



BORN 8™ JANUARY 1 787 


DIED 15™ MAY 187I 


iich Uler date.) 

BORN 4™ JULY 1797 

DIED 33 JUNE 1877 



mory of 
I spouse 
1 the ae"' 
; years 
this life 
on ttie 25" 01 laarcn loia in the 
13 year of his age 



This is the Burying place 
Fanner in Blai^ar who 
departed this life on the 
y"" day of Nov* 1809 in 
the 77* year of his age 



No. 7. 





WHO DIED APRIL 1 9™ 1813 



WHO DIED 19™ APRIL 1809 

AGED 65 




24™ MAY 1823 AGED 58 

No. 8. A grave with no tombstone. 

No. 9. 

Jo Liddel 




(The yanus Norvai is of quite recent date.) 

No. 10. 

IB 1735 

(The Janui Norvai b of quite recent date. ) 

No. II. (Outside the private ground.) 


Property of 



in Memory of 


who died the 22** Sept' 1844 

Aged 88 Years 

(Nothing more in this row at present) 


(Within the private ground.) 

Nos. I and 2 are the burial ground of 
John Cuningham Smith. On a 
white marble cross is inscribed, 


DIED 17™ MARCH 1886 

A little child shall lead them 

Nos. 3 and 4 are graves with no tomb- 



Nos. s, 6, and 7 are the burial ground of 
John Guthrie Smith, Mugdock 
Castle. A recumbent cross lies 
on a grey granite stone, and on 
the left side thereof the following 
is inscribed — 

Between the head of [his stone &nd the foot of 
the gravestone of William Smith of Cnrbeth 
Guthrie, is a small white mubte cross, with 
this inscription — 




DIED iS^" APKIL 1877 



Nos. 8, 9, and lo are graves with no tomb- 
stones. Where No. 1 1 should be 
a tree is growing. 

(The property of Mrs, Fergu- 
son.) A white marble cross; on 
the base is incised — 


Minister of this Parish, 

Born 6 Oct 1845 Died 8 April 1886 

{Within the private ground.) 
No tombstones at present 

(Within the private ground.) 
No tombstones at present. 


(Within the private ground.) 

Nos. i-ii are graves with no tombstones. 



No. 12. (Headstone.) 








31**^ MAY 1886 AGED 20 YEARS & 7 MONTHS 

(On the base of the stone) 


Sweet their memory to the lonely, 
In our hearts they perish not." 

Nos. 13-30 are graves with no tombstones. 

Nos. 31 and 32. The property of John 
M'Laren. On a headstone is 
inscribed — 




Loving Remembrance 



Ha* House 

born 12^" augt 1820 

died 6 NOV. 1885 



(No more tombstones in this row at 



(Near the north door on a marble slab let into a 
freestone one) 






(About the middle of the ground a small marking 

W M^C 

(A little to the east a headstone) 







WHO DIED 21^"^ DEC* 

1848 AGED 60 YEARS 

(At north-east comer a headstone) 




Page 34-— The " Reddendo ** in the Mugdock Feus. 

The principal conditions of the Mugdock Feus, with variations according to 
extent and other circumstances, were as follows : — 

I. All coal and lime were reserved by the Superior. 

II. The following were to be paid in money or kind yearly to the Earl or 
Marquis : — 

A, A certain siim of money as mail or rent 

B, So much farm and multure meal and multure barley to be delivered to the 

C So many sheep yearly. In Carbeth Feu one sheep and one half sheep. 

D, So many poultry or prices thereof at the option of the receiver. 

E, So much butter. In Carbeth Feu half a stone. 

III. The feuars were bound to bring yearly to the "outer closs" of Mugdock so 
many peats. In the Auchengillan Feu the quantity was " three score lades or creels 
of peats frae Craigalzion Moss, the said peats bein casten and win before the leading 
thereof and to be led between Lambass and Belten." 

IV. The feuars were also bound to lead certain quantities of coal and lime to 
Mugdock. In the Auchengillan Feu, "Three lades lime and aught lades coals to be 
led yearly to the Place of Mugdock frae the next nearest ganging coal heuch and 
lime craig." 

V. The feuars were bound to bring to Mugdock a certain quantity of slates and lime 
for repairing the house. In the Auchengillan Feu, " Three lades of sclate and three 
draughts of lime ance every year frae the towns of Glasgow or Dumbarton to the 
Place of Mugdock." 

VI. Feuars " to help to lead my Lord's hay yearly to Mugdock." 

VII. Feuars were bound also "to help to carry my Lord's household gear frae the 
Place of Mugdock to Dundaf or Glasgow and frae Glasgow and Dundaf to Mugdock." 

VI I I. Feuars were also bound to transport four times a year with a horse and 
man furnishings from Glasgow or Dumbarton to my Lord's house at Mugdock, and 



" ilk feuar, or liferenter of ilk half merk land pro rata " to furnish " the forty-eighth 
part of a long carriage horse" once in the year from Mugdock or Glasgow to Edin- 
burgh. No horse carriage to be heavier than twelve stone of iron weight 

IX. The feuars were bound to bring "the whole grindable corns on their lands 
and any corns they may buy in the country" to be ground "at the noble Earl's Mill 
of Milldavy/' and to pay the miller the knaveship and bannock, " conform to the 
acts of the Court of the Barony of Mugdock/' and to assist to uphold the mill and 
miller's house and in leading millstones thereto. 

X. All " waith goods " found upon the feuars' lands to belong to the Superior, " con- 
form to the custom of the Barony of Mugdock." 

XI. The Superior to be freed for all time coming of all taxations and exactions 
imposed upon the lands feued either for Church or State. 

XII. Certain sums to be paid to the Superior at the entry of each heir and 
singular successor. 

XIII. The feuars were bound "in time of trouble and insurrection in the country 
and the King's Majestie his wars, at frays and foUowings" to "ride and gang with 
the Earl and his Deputies for his defence and his friends their honour life and 
lands." In the feu of Barloch, in the parish of East Kilpatrick and Barony of Mug- 
dock, dated 1631, the vassal was bound "on his own charges" to ride with his 
Superior " in reasonable good equipage as a gentleman " three several times every 
year to Edinburgh, being lawfully warned thereto, there to abide and attend his 
Superior at each time for forty-eight hours, and also to ride with his Superior, 
" on his own charges," on other occasions when required, " to such parts about the 
place of Mugdock as he may come home at night to his own house and no 

XIV. Feuars were bound to compear at all the courts held at Mugdock upon six 
hours' warning. These courts were for the trial of all cases of " bluid wrang or riot " on 
the Barony, and also for certain civil matters. " Like as the said persons (the 
feuars) obliges them and their foresaids nae wise to call, convene, or pursue any 
tenant within the said Barony of Mugdock for whatsomever avail cause or occasion 
before whatsomever judge or judges other nor before the said noble Earl or his 
Lordship's Deputies of the Barony of Mugdock in their courts to be halden by them 
within the said Barony, providing justice be duly and lawfully admini- 
strate by the said noble Earl and his foresaids to the pursuer, and 

this clause for restraining of tenants to pursue others before any other judicatory to 
be no ways prejudicial to the saids persons or their foresaids to pursue ony person 
whatsomever before the Lords of Council and Session for sic actions as may go and 
be pursued before the said Lords and pertains to their judicatory and nae other." 

2 g 



Page 73. — Charter by Isabella Duchessof Albany and Countess of Lennox, on 
the resignation of Isabella of Lennox, daughter of the former Murdoch of 
Lennox, of the Lands of Duntreath, and others, to William of Edmon- 
stoun, son and heir of William Edmonstoun, Knight, Lord of Culloden, 
and Matilda Stewart, his spouse, dated at Inchmurren, 15th February, 
1445. [From the original in the possession of Sir William Edmonstone 
of Duntreath.] 

Omnibus banc cartam visuris uel audituris, Isabella, ducissa Albanie ac comitissa 
de Leuenax, salutem in Domino sempiternam : NoUERiTis nos dedisse, concessisse 
ct hac presenti carta nostra confirmasse, dilecto et fideli nostro Willelmo de Edmond- 
stoun, filio et heredi Willelmi de Edmondstoun, militi, domino de Collodine, et Matilde 
Stewart, sponse sue, totas et integras terras nostras de Duntreffe, Dungoyok, Blargerr, 
dimedietatem occidentalem terranim de Mekill Ballewne, et dimedietatem terrarum 
de Cultis, cum pertinenciis, jacentes in comitatu nostro de Leuenax infra vicecomi- 
tatum de Streuelyne : Quarum quidem terrarum, videlicet de Duntreffe-, Dungoyok, et 
Blargerr cum pertinenciis, Isabella de Leuenax, filia quondam Murdaci de Leuenax, 
clamauit se heredem, et quas quidem terras dicta Isabella, non vi aut metu ducta 
nee errore lapsa, set sua mera et spontanea voluntate, in manus nostras per fiistem et 
baculum coram pluribus personaliter sursum reddidit pureque simpliciter resignauit, 
ac totum ius et clameum, que in dictis terris de Duntreffe, Dungoyok et Blargeir 
cum pertinenciis habuit, seu habere potuit quocunque titulo seu iure, pro se et here- 
dibus suis omnino quitum clamauit imperpetuum: Tenendas et habendas totas et 
integras terras prenominatas predicto Willehno et Matilde et eorum diucius viuenti, 
et heredibus suis de corporibus suis inter se procreandis ; quibus forte deficientibus 
post decessum eorum diucius viuentium, Andree Stewart, militi, nepoti nostro et 
heredibus suis de corpore suo legitime procreandis ; quibus forte deficientibus, Alano 
Stewart, nepoti nostro, et heredibus suis de corpore suo legitime procreandis; et 
quibus omnibus forte deficientibus, Murdaco Stewart, militi, et heredibus suis de cor- 
pore suo legitime procreandis; quibus omnibus et vniuersis deficientibus, nobis et 
iustis heredibus nostris reuersuras imperpetuum ; Reseruando totas et integras 


terras de Duntreffe cum pertinenciis domino Willelmo de Edmondstoun de CoUo- 
dine pro toto tempore vite sue, pro suo seruicio, consilio et benemeritis nobis im- 
pensis et impendendis; de nobis, heredibus et successoribus nostris quibuscunque in 
feodo ^et hereditate imperpetuum, per omnes rectas metas suas antiquas et diuisas, in 
siluis, boscis, planis, moris, marescis, viis, semitis, aquis, stangnis, pratis, pascuis et 
pasturis, molendinis, multuris et eorum sequelis, aucupacionibus, piscacionibus, vena- 
cionibus, aeriis, cum curiis eschaetis et earum exitibus, petariis, turbariis, carbonariis, 
cum fabrilibus et brasinis, pistrinis et fruninis, biudwidis et merchetis, columbariis, 
ligniscidiis et genestis, et cum omnibus aliis et singulis libertatibus, commoditatibus 
et aisiamentis et iustis pertinenciis suis quibuscunque, tam non nominatis quam nomi- 
natisy tam sub terra quam supra terram, tam procul quam prope, cum libero introitu 
et exitu ad prenominatas terras spectantibus seu iuste spectare valentibus quomodo- 
libet in fiiturum, adeo libere, quiete, plenarie, integre et honorifice, bene et in pace, 
in omnibus et per omnia, sicut aliqui predecessores dicte Isabelle prenominatas terras 
cum pertinenciis de nobis aut predecessoribus nostris ante dictam resignacionem 
inde nobis factam tenuerunt seu possidenint, seu tenuimus aut predecessores nostri 
tenuerunt: Reddendo inde nobis dictus Willelmus, Matilda et eorum diucius viuens 
et heredes sui predicti ; quibus forte deficientibus, dictus Andreas et heredes sui pre- 
dicti ; quibus forte deficientibus, Alanus et heredes sui predicti ; quibus forte deficien- 
tibus, Murdacus et heredes sui predicti, nobis, heredibus et successoribus nostris, 
seruicium inde debitum et consuetum: In cuius rei testimonium sigillum nostrum 
presenti carte nostre duximus apponendum, apud Inchmoryne, xv'° die mensis Februarii, 
anno Domini millestmo cccc°^ xl"*^ quinto, hiis testibus, Jacobo Stewart, Arthuro 
Stewart, Waltero Stewart, nepotibus nostris, Magistro Willelmo de Leuenax, fratre 
nostro, Magistro Dand Rede, rectore de Mukarde, capellano nostro, Donaldo clerico, 
Donaldo Hugonis, et multis aliis. 

Page 90.— The Sheep Farm of Leiter. 

The present sheep farm of Letter, which forms part of the Duntreath estate, 
contains about 2,200 acres imperial, of which about 700 acres are in Strathblane and 
the rest in Killeam, those in Killcarn being the common pasturage of the ten pound 
lands of Letter, the Temple lands of Letter, and the lands called Machar, Sir "William 
Edmonstone's part of Barnshogle.^ The Strathblane 700 acres, however, though 
included in Letter Farm, are really part of Blairgar, and what used to be <:alled 
Caldhame. They include Dumgoyne and Dumfoyne, and stretch in a north-easterly 
direction to the top of the EarFs Seat, and seem to have been thrown into Letter 
Sheep Farm when there was a redivision of the farms on the estate, when, what is 
called the Galloway Dyke, ^ was built about 1785. 

Although, then, no part of Letter proper is in Strathblane, still, from its con- 
nection in the way now pointed out with the parish, it may be interesting to trace its 

* Old Valuation Roll of Stirlingshire. 

'So called from being the first wall in the district built in the Galloway style. 


Letter consists of (i) ^'The Temple Lands of Lettyr and pertinents lying in the 
town and territory of Lettir in the Earldom of Lennox and County of Stirling/' and 
(2) " The Ten Pound Land of old extent of Lettyre," otherwise " the town and ter- 
ritory,'* *' villa et territorium " of Lettir. * 

Taking the Temple Lands first, we may with safety assume that they were a gift 
by one of the early Earls of Lennox to the Order of the Knights Templars, on whose 
suppression they fell into the hands of the Knights Hospitallers. There they remained 
till 1461', when *' Prater Henricus de Leuyngstoun Miles," *' Conunendator of the 
Preceptory of the Hospital of St. John of Jerusalem within Scotland," granted a 
charter of them to "Thomas de Buchanane," dated 3rd February of that year, and 
sealed it with the common seal of office at " Trefichin." The lands were to be held 
of him and his successors ' for the time being preceptors of the said Order, with the 
common pasturage belonging to the said Temple Lands, with the pertinents, '* with 
free ish and entry thereto, viz., with 12 Soumes of Bestial, with a mare, a sow, a 
goose, and their followers, on the common pasturage of the lands of the foresaid 
'Villa de Lettyr.'"* 

These Temple lands continued in the hands of the Buchanans till 1614, when, 
by a disposition dated 2nd December,^ Thomas Buchanan of Carbeth sold them to 
Sir William Livingstone of Kilsyth, who, as elsewhere stated,^ had by this time a 
wadsett of the whole Duntreath estate, and as they were surrounded on all sides by 
it, he doubtless bought them to complete and perfect his new acquisition. The 
charter of resignation carrying out this wadsett and sale, dated Edinburgh, i6th 
February, 161 5, contains a novodamus by King James VI. in favour of Sir William 
Livingstone of Kilsyth in liferent, and William Livingstone, his grandson, in fee, of 
the Barony of Duntreath, and after a description of the lands forming it, there is 
added, ''also, all and whole the Temple Lands of Letter lying within the Parish of 
Killeame." ^ 

In 1630 the Barony of Duntreath being disencumbered returned to the Edmonstones, 
and with it came the Temple Lands of Letter.® These Temple or Spittal Lands of 
Letter lie just on the borders of Strathblane, surrounded, roughly speaking, by Blairgar- 
begg and Blairgannore on the east, Eastertown on the south, Baptistown on the weft, 
and Letter Muir on the north. 

The history of the other part of the Letter lands, viz., those described in charters 
as " The ten pound land of old extent of Lettyre within the parish of Killeam," is this : 
— Before 1487 they were in the hands of the Stirlings of Cadder,^ for on the 29th 
May of that year there is a retour of William Stirling as heir of William Stirling of 
Gadder, his father, in the lands of Lettyr. At the close of the i6th century Letter 

1 Duntreath Writs. • Duntreath Writs. 

• Charter of the Temple Lands of Letter and Boquhanbeg by Friar William Knolles Lord St. 
John, Preceptor of Torphichan, to Thomas Buchanan of Carbeth, on the resignation of John 
Buchanan of Camoquhill. loth June, 1493. (Duntreath Writs.) 

* Duntreath Writs. ' Duntreath Writs. « See page 119. 

' Retour of Kilsyth Estate, 3xst October, 1627, includes " terris templariis de Latter in parochia 
de Killcme." 

8 Duntreath Writs. • Keir Charters. 


was in the possession of Robert Stirling, whose relationship, however, if any, to the 
Stirlings of Cadder has never been proved. Walter Stirling, said to be a brother 
of this Robert Stirling, is the supposed ancestor of the Stirlings of Drumpellier and ' 
Glasgow, but this too has not been satisfactorily proved, and it is still an open question 
who represents ancient Cadder.^ In 1599 Letter was sold, there being a charter dated 
at Niddrie, 24th August of that year, by which it passed from Robert Stirling of 
Letter, with consent of Marie Stirling, his spouse, to William Edmonstone, Fiar of 
Duntreath, to be held from the granter and his heirs.* When Duntreath was wadsetted 
to the Livingstones the ten pound land of Letter went with it, and when Duntreath 
was redeemed both the Temple lands of Letter, as already shown, and the ten pound 
land of Letter returned along with it to the Edmonstones. 

After the Reformation, no doubt, the Buchanans held the ^ Temple Lands of 
Letter" direct from the Crown, and so do the Edmonstones now. The Stirlings of 
Keir, however, came to be superiors of the " Ten pound land of Letter," and continued 
so till 17 16, when, in respect of an Act of Parliament of the first year of King George L, 
declaring that all vassals in Scotland remaining loyal, holding lands of any rebel duly 
attainted, shall hold such lands of the Crown in the same manner as the delinquent 
held them of the Crown at his attainder, the superiority passed away from James 
Stirling of Keir, who was out in "the '15," and Letter is now held direct from the 

The ten pound lands of Letter contain the farms of Westertown, Middletown,' 
Eastertown, and Baptistown, or the Baptist's Town of Letter, the latter immediately 
adjoining the Temple lands, and in addition Letter Muir, of old the common pasturage 
of them all, including the Temple lands. 

Page 105.— The Burial-Place of the Princess Mary in Strathblane Church. 

(Extract from " Notes to Genealogical Account of the Family of Edmonstone,'' p. ^^. 

By Sir Archibald Edmonstone.) 

" The time of the Countess of Angus's death is not known, but in the pavement of the 
modem church of Strathblane — which occupies the site of the old one — is a stone stating 
that beneath it were buried the Countess of Angus, and also her descendant, Archibald 
Edmonstone, Esq. of Duntreath and Redhall, who died in 1689. Being desirous of 
ascertaining if there were any vault beneath the church, I commissioned my friend, 
William Smith, Esq. of Carbeth-Guthrie ; the Rev. James Pearson, the minister of the 

> It has ^ven rise, however, to abundant controversy, and interesting reading on the subject 
may be had in '* The Stirlings of Keir," by Mr. William Fraser ; " Comments on Keir," by Mr. 
John Riddell ; and " The Stirlings of Craigbemard and Glorat,'* by Mr. Joseph Bain. 

' Duntreath Writs. Seisin was taken aoth June, 1605, when William Cunynghame of Blairhoys 
was bailie for Robert Stirling of Letter. Among the witnesses are James Edmonstone of Ballewan, 
Alexander Edmonstone in Letter, James Neilson, in Cammochill.— (Glas* Protocol Book, No. 4, 

' Middletown does not now exist as a separate farm. The homestead of it is now known as 
" Letter Cottage." 



parish ; and James Maclaren, Esq., my factor, to open the grave, regretting much my 
inability to be present myself. The following is the report these gentlemen afforded 

me : — 

In consequence of instructions from Sir Archibald Edmonstone, Bart, a grave- 
stone in the centre passage of the church, bearing the following inscription, was this 
day removed : — " Here lyes in the same grave with Mary Countess of Angus, sister to 
King James the First of Scotland, from whom he is lineally descended, Archibald 
Edmonstone, Esq. of Duntreath, in this kingdom, and of Redhall in Ireland, who 
died in the year 1689, aged about fifty-one years." 

'* ' The earth having been removed to the depth of about two feet, a quantity of 
human bones were found, including a skull pretty entire. From the size they appeared 
to be those of a male. On digging deeper, the remains of another skeleton were 
discovered, the bones of which being of a smaller size, were considered to be those 
of a female — the skull smaller than that of the other skeleton, and in a better state 
of preservation. A portion of the jaw-bone, with the teeth nearly entire, was also 
found. There was no appearance of any vault or stone cofHn. It was ascertained 
from an aged inhabitant that the stone had remained in the same position as it did 
in the old church, so there can be no reason for doubting that the remains found 
were those of the Princess Mary of Scotland, and her descendant, Mr. Edmonstone. 
The remains were carefully redeposited and the stone replaced. The whole operations 
were conducted in our presence. 

" * (Signed) William Smith of Carbeth-Guthrie. 

James Pearson, Minister, Strathblane. 
James Maclaren, Factor, Duntreath. 

"* Strathblane, Manse, 26th October, 1844.' 

^'A tooth which fell from the jaw of the Lady Mary is in my possession as an 
interesting family relic." 

Page 124.— The Stirlingshire Election of 1821. 

"Stirling, May 24, 1821. — This being the day appointed for the election of a 
member of Parliament for Stirlingshire in room of the late Sir Charles Edmonstone, 
Bart, the freeholders of the county met at twelve o'clock in the Court House for the 
purpose. The candidates were Sir Archibald Edmonstone, Bart, and H. Home 
Drumniond, Esq. of Blairdrummond. As soon as the freeholders had met, the Sheriff 
in the usual way proceeded to read the writ for the election, and the clerk the Act 
against bribery and corruption, and to read over ihe roll, when it appeared there 
were no less than 93 freeholders and liferenters present. It was then moved by Mr. 
Home Drummond and seconded by Captain Lowis of Plean, that the Hon. 
Admiral Fleming should take the chair. In opposition to this it was moved by Mr. 
Blackburn of Killeam, and seconded by Mr. Kincaid of Kincaid, that Mr. Graham 
Stirling of Airth should take the chair. This being a circumstance which in a great 
measure might be expected to decide the strength of parties, the friends of both 


awaited the result with the utmoat anxiety. At length the honour of taking the chair 
was declared to have fallen on the Hon. Admiral Fleming by a majority of one, 
there being — 

For the Hon. Admiral Fleming, 43 
For Mr. Graham Stirling of Airth, 42 

Majority, . . i 

On the motion of Mr. Drummond, seconded by Mr. Graham Stirling of Airth, Mr. 
Banks was unanimously chosen clerk. 

"About half-past four o'clock Sir Thomas Livingstone, Bart., rose and proposed 
Henry Home Drunmiond, Esq. of Blairdrummond, as a fit and proper person to 
represent the county in Parliament The motion was seconded by Stewart Nicolson, 
Esq. of Camock. Mr. Stirling of Craigbamet then proposed Sir Archibald Edmon- 
stone, Bart, as a fit and proper person, which was seconded by Thomas Graham 
Stirling, Esq. of Airth. Upon the votes being taken, there appeared — 

For Mr. Drummond, . 47 
For Sir A. Edmonstone, 42 

Majority, . . 5 

when Mr. Drummond was accordingly declared duly elected. Four new enrolments 
had taken place, which increased the majority. Three gentlemen on each side paired 

"There voted for Mr. Home Drummond the following 47, viz.: — 

Lord Archibald Hamilton. Ninian Lowis of Auchenbowie. 

Hon. Rear-Admiral C. E. Fleming. Rev. R. Morehead. 

Hon. Wm. Elphinstone. Wm. C. C. Graham of Gartmore. 

Hon. James Abercrombie. Joseph Stainton of Biggarshiels. 

Sir Wm. Bruce of Stenhouse, Bart Col. G. Callender of Craigforth. 

Sir A. C. Maitland Gibson of Clifton Hall, Capt. J. Dalgleish of Reddock. 

Bart John Campbell of Carbrook. 

Sir Thos. Livingstone of West Quarter, Bart. A. C. Maitland Gibson, Yr. of Qifton 

Sir Gilbert Stiriing of Mansfield, Bart Hall. 

Sir Samuel Stirling of Glorat, Bart John Macfarlane of Kirkton, Advocate. 

Sir Keith Alexander Jackson, Bart Charles A. Moir of Leckie. 

Charles Dundas, M.P. R. Jamieson of Greenyards. 

Archibald Stirling of Garden. Robert Lowis. 

Archibald Speirs of Elderslie. Colonel Andrew Gillon of Wallhouse. 

Peter Speirs of Culcreuch. M. S. Nicolson of Camock. 

Wm. M'Lachlan of Auchentroig. A. G. Speirs of Glins. 

James R. Johnstone of Alva. Thomas Balfour of Easter Glenboig. 

Wm. Morehead of Herbertshire. Major Thomas Dundas of Fingask. 

Wm. Murray of Touchadam. Stewart Marjoribanks, London. 



J. Cunningham of Balgownie. 

David Erskine of Cardross. 

J. FuUerton Elphinstone. 

Dr. Francis Hamilton of Bardowie. 

J. G. H. Drummond of Abbotsgrange. 

Charles Stirling of Cadder. 

John Forman, W.S. 

Major Alexander Buchanan of Arn- 

C. C. L. Bruce of Kinnaird. 
Michael Bruce of Glenelg. 
H. F. Campbell of Boquhan. 


James Stirling of Keir. 

General Sir R. Abercrombie of Airthrie, G.C.B. 

David Stewart of StewarthalL 

Declined to Vote. 
Henry Home Drummond. 

There voted for Sir Archibald Edmonstone of Duntreath, Bart, the following 42, viz. : — 

Kiel Benjamin Edmonstone. 

Rev. Geoi^ Edmonstone. 

Alexander Graham of Ballagan. 

Hector Macdonald Buchanan of Drumikiln. 

Alexander M*Leod of Muiravonside. 

Thomas Dunmore. 

James Edington of Gargunnock. 

Samuel Cooper of Ballindalloch. 

James Bruce of Powfoulis. 

Francis Simpson of Plean. 

Rev. J. Bain of Easter Livilands. 

David Munro Binning of Softlaw. 

A. G. Stirling of Craigbamet. 

J. Davidson of Bankier, W.S. 

Thomas Graham Stirling of Airth. 

James Russell of Woodside. 

William Leckie of Finnich Blair. 

J. Ferrier Hamilton of Westport 

Dr. J. Henderson of Westerton. 

John M*Leroy of Wester Glenboig. 

T. Spottiswoode of Dunipace. 

James Trecothick. 

Barlow Trecothick. 

Captain Robert Davidson. 

Alexander Miller of Dalnair. 

Walter Ferrier, W.S. 

Crawford Tait of Harvieston. 

John Kincaid of Kincaid. 

James Wright, Stirling. 

John Blackburn of Killeam. 

General William Maxwell of Bellamount 

Robert Warden of Parkhill. 

Rev. Gavin Gibb, D.D. 

John Guthrie of Carbeth. 

John J. Davidson of Drumtocher. 

James Smith of Craigend. 

John Strachan of Thornton. 

R. Taylor, Advocate. 

John Thomson of Allan Park. 

John Ure of Croy Ure. 

J. N. Forrester of Craigannet 

W. A. Caddell of Banton. 


Lt-Gen. Graham Stirling of Duchray and Auchyle. 
J. Home of Middlequarter. 
Colonel John M'Intosh. 



Declined to Vote. 
Sir Archibald Edmonstone of Duntreath* 

'^ After the election Mr. Drummond made a short speech, in which he evidently laboured 
under great embarrassment as addressing the heterogeneous coalition who had elected 
him. Sir Archibald Edmonstone next addressed the Court in a speech which produced a 
deep impression in his favour on the minds of all, and did great credit both to his abilities 
and heart" — From the Scotsman, 

Both Sir Archibald Edmonstone and Mr. Home Drummond were members of the 
Tory party, and according to the Scotsman of the day this ^ unnatural coalition of Whig 
and Melville interests" which defeated Sir Archibald was promoted by the Melville 
party, " under the specious pretext of freeing the county from the thraldom of the Noble 
Duke (Montrose), but truly in order to secure for themselves a more perfect command of 
Scotch patronage." 

The election of 182 1 was fought on the roll of electors which was made up at Michael- 
mas, 1820, and on which there were 117 names. It was made up thus — 

43 of those who voted for Mr. Home Drummond. 

42 all of those who voted for Sir Archibald Edmonstone. 

6 who paired. 

2 who declined to vote. 
24 who did not appear, from death or some other cause. 


The names of the 24 who did not appear were — 

John Francis Erskine of Mar. 

Sir Charles Edmonstone, Bart, late M.P. 

Right Hon. A. Colquhoun, Lord Clerk Register. 

John A Higgins of Neuk. 

J. D. Napier of Ballikinrain. 

Hon. George Abercrombie of Tullibody. 

Captain James Oswald, R.N. 

John Ferrier, W.S. 

Sir Hugh Innes of Lochalsh, Bart 

R. Balfour of Glenboig. 

William Home, Advocate. 

James Erskine of Cambus. 

Levison Douglas Stewart 

Jas. Alex. Stewart M'Kenzie of Glasser- 

ton and Seaforth. 
M. Wright 
W. A Maxwell. 

Hon. Capt H. L. Dundas, R.N. 
Hon. Lt-CoL Sir. Robt L. Dundas, 

D. R. Leckie of Broich. 
J. Macfarlane, Yr. of Kirkton. 
Hon. and Rev. T. L. Dundas, LL.D. 
Andrew Buchanan of ArdenconneL 
Hon. Thomas Dundas. 
Rev. Dr. William Taylor, Junr. 

Mr. Home Drummond had, in addition to the 43 electors of the roll of 1820, the 

votes of the 4 new electors who were put on the roll after Admiral Fleming took the 

chair. The Montrose party had no doubt, as was usual in such cases, made every 

effort to keep them off the roll, and the Melville party to put them on, and much time was 

spent in the debate. Thus, though the election began at 12 o'clock, the proposing of the 

2 R 


candidates did not come off till half-past 4 o'clock. The new electors, whose qualifications 
were thus thoroughly investigated, were C. C. L. Bruce of Kinnaird ; Michael Bruce of 
Glenelg ; H. F. Campbell of Boquhan ; and Sir Keith Alexander Jackson, Bart. 

The manner of conducting elections in pre-reform days was thus as different from 
that of present times as the numbers who took part in them. At the Stirlingshire 
election of 1821 there were on the roll 121 names ; at the election of 1886 there were 
12,486. Any one who knows the county of Stirling and looks over the list we have 
given of electors in 1821, cannot fail to be struck with the presence of numbers of voters 
who had really nothing to do with the county, and the absence of numbers who were 
real Stirlingshire men. This was, of course, caused by the nature of the qualification — 
a freehold. The system was no doubt wrong, and representation very imperfect; for 
instance, on the last roll made up in the old way there were only 7 electors who had 
any real interest in Strathblane, viz., Sir Archibald Edmonstone of Duntreath ; Alexander 
Graham of Ballagan ; A. G. Stirling of Craigbarnet ; J. Campbell Douglas of Mains ; 
James Smith of Craigend ; John Guthrie of Carbeth ; and William Smith, afterwards 
of Carbeth- Guthrie, his heir. 



Page 129.— I. Rental of the Kirklands before 1681. 

Broadgatte payes yearly of money, 
of Victuall 8 Bolls, of Hens 12 

Kirkland payes yearly of money, 
and of Hens . . 12 

HolU payes yearly of money, . 

and of Hens . . 06 
Mikbrews poffell pays of money, 

and of Hens . . 06 

Miller pays of money yearly . 

and of Hens, and Cappones 12 

and of Entrees 300 merks, 

the tack now expired. 
Vickerland ^y^s of money yearly, 

and of Hens . . 24 

Bleu riske pays of money yearly, 
and of Hens . . 06 

Walter Munnock pofTel payes . 

and of Hens . . 06 
William Massones mailing payes, 

and of Hens . . 06 
yames Massones aicker payes . 

60 00 00 

213 6 8 

020 00 00 

020 00 00 

006 13 04 

030 00 00 

018 00 00 
018 00 00 

022 00 00 

020 00 00 

i This includes Muirhouse, which 
< at this time was unenclosed, 
( and part of Kirkland. 

428 Pounds Scotts (=/35 13 4 sterling). 


I L— Rental of the Kirklands " for Crope 1726." 

James and Robert M*Ouls for 2 horse gang in Kirkland of money rent . ;C56:oo:oo 

Itt 6 henns and 2 days shearing 
John M*Oul for 2 horse gang there money rent ;f 56:00:00 

Itt 6 henns and 2 days shearing 
James and Walter Robertsones for 2 horse gang there .... j^56:oo:oo 

Itt 6 henns and 2 days shearing 
John and James Robertsones for 2 horse gang there ;£56:oo:oo 

Itt 6 henns and 2 days shearing 
James M'Oul for his poffle there ;^io:oo:oo 

Itt 6 henns and 2 days shearing 
Wiliam Mason for a poffle there ;^i2:oo:oo 

Itt 6 henns and 2 days shearing 

Itt the poffle lately possest by Walter Munnock ^ / 18:00:00 

Itt 6 henns and 2 days shearing 
The Blue Riske Poffle » ;f 18:00:00 

Itt 6 henns and 2 days shearing 
John Dougald for his poffle ;f 30:00:00 

Itt 6 henns and 2 days shearing 
James Birsbane in broadgate for 2 horse gang, of money .... ;f 30:00:00 

Itt 4 bolls meal, 6 henns and 2 days shearing 
John Freeland for 2 horse gang there, of money* ;^3o:oo:oo 

Itt 4 bolls meal 6 henns and 2 days shearing 
James Leitch for hole poffle (qr. of 2 bolls meal is a p^) . ;f 20:00:00 

Itt 6 henns and 2 days shearing 
James Robertson for M'brues poffle jf 20:00:00 

Itt 6 henns and 2 days shearing 
Milner Lapslie for the Miln ;£o6: 13:04 

Itt 12 henns and 12 capons and 2 days shearing 

Itt he pays for another acre of Land not belonging to the Miln . . ;fo6: 13:04 
but taken off the lands of Broadgate 
Balaggans few dutie ;^o6: 13:04 

Money rent . . ;f432:oo:oo 

Number of the Bolls of Meal is 8 Bolls. 

Itt number of henns T% Doz. Capons i Doz. 

Itt number of Days shearing 28 days. 

N B that this rental is intirely to be charged upon Law withat deduction of the Min*^ 
Stepend because the Tenents Do pay a Chalder of Meal and the small viccarage 
payable out of these Lands to the Min' over and above their Respective rents 
above payd to Law. 

^ This was in Bninthouse and in 1730 was possessed by Janet Ranken. 
'In 1720 James Livingstone was tenant of Blue Risk. 
*In 1790 John Freeland divided this with John M'AIpin. 




Page 135. — ^Ane Inventar of the plenishing within Craigbamet, belonging to 
S'- Mungo Sterling of Gloratt as it was found the 16 of July 1667. 

Imprimis of Lining ^ sheitts six paire 
Item of splitting' sheitts fyve sheitts 
Item of Codvarres ' ten 
Item of herdin ^ sheitts nyne pair 

Item a dornick ^ table cloath 

Ane dussene of dornick servitts^ 

Two dornick water cloathes 

Ane dornick toill^ 

Item two old dornick table cloathes 

Item ane dusson old dornick servitts 

Ane old toill 

Item four good lining bed cloathes 
Item nyneteen good lining servitts 
Tuo old Lining beed cloathes 
With tuo dussen & three old lining servitts 
Item four good lining toills & ane old on 
Item seven hardin beed cloathes 
Ane dussen herdin Servitts 
four herdin toills 

Tuo heckells Tuo pair wooll cairds 
Ane pair tow cairds, & a round heckell 
Ane meikle wheill, tuo littell wooll wheills, 

and a littell Lint wheill 
Three irons for dressing cloathes 
Ane pair of wooll cames 

In the Lady Chisolmes ^ Chamer ane stand 
of flouritt curtings^ ane fedder bed, ane 
bowster, ane codd,^ tuo pair blanketts, 
ane sowed covering, a chamber pott, a 
chimnay and a pair of tainges ane chyre, 
and a cussione 

In hareys *® Chamber ane fedder bed w* a 

cafTe bed tuo fedder bowsters tuo pair 
blanketts a reed and yellow Covering 

In the inner & highest chamber in the tour 
A Stand reed courtings ane fedder bed 
a bowster ane code tuo pair blanketts 
ane shewed coverring with a stript table 
cloathe a chimnay ane chyre ane cush- 
ione ane chamber pott 

The utter and highest chamber in the tour 
Ane stand green curtings w' a cannopye, 
Tuo fedder beds, a caf bed, tuo bowsters, 
four codes, tuo pair blanketts, tuo cover- 
rings, a chyre, a stuU 

In the Inner Chamber abon the hall Ane 
[....] of stripe hingings ane stand 
sewed curtings with a sewed covering 
ane fedder bed, ane palliese ane bowster 
tuo codes ane single blankett ane single 
Caddae, a pair of blanketts ane sewed 

In the bed wHn the ^ chamber ane fedder 
bed, ane palleise, ane bowster ane code, 
tuo pair blanketts, ane single blankett a 
sewed cover for the bed, ane stripe table 
cloath, ane great glasse, a resting chyre 
w' tuo other chyres, Ane table & table 
cloath ane chimnay, ane taings, ane 
shuU," ane chamber pott with a Dry 

In the utter Chamber abon the hall, a sutt 
of stripe hingings a reed bed, ane fedder 
bed, ane palleise, ane bowster, tuo cods, 
a half blankett, tuo pair blanketts ane 
Cadda (?), ane coverring, a table cloathe 
a timber chyre, tuo reed stoUs, a cushion, 

* Linen. * A kind of linen cloth. * Pillowslips. ^ Or hardin, coarse ; made of hards or inferior flax. 
' Dornick, a kind of linen cloth like Damask, but not so fine. * Table napkins. ^ Towel. ' Margaret 
Stirling, sister of Sir Mungo Stirling of Glorat, and widow of William Dalzid of Chissim. 'Pillow. 
^ Henry Stirling, brother of Sir Mungo Stirling. ^ Shovel. 



a chamber pott, ane chimneyi ane pair 
tainges, ane dry stoll 

In the towr hall a dusson ledder chyres, 
tuo tables, a new freme (?) ch]rre, ane bed 
resting chyre, tuo green table cloathes 
ane chirnnay ane porring Iron* 

In the kitching in the end of the laich hall 
ane table, tuo fiirmes, ane calf bed, ane 
fedder bowster, a pair of blanketts, a 
small blankett, ane covering, a chimnay 
w^ a pair of tainges with ane cloathe and 
ane bible 

In the laich hall, three tables, tuo arme 
chyers, w* a reed cloathe chyre, a wyne 
seller, ane chimnay, a porring iron, and 
a shoull, w' six buffett stoolls w^ tuo 
stript table cloathes 

In the Chamber abon the laich hall a sutt 
stript hingings, a green bed ane fedder 
bed ane pailleise, ane bowster, tuo cods, 
tuo pair blanketts, with a sewed blankett 
w* the green covering. In the bed a pal- 
leise a fedder bed ane bowster a pair 
blanketts ane covering a table cloath a 
glasse tuo green chyres a reed on, ane 
chamber pott, a chimnay a showll w' a 
pair taignes, w' a dry stooU in ye study 
— mair a green coveringe for the big bed 

In the chamber abon the new kitching ane 
sutt stript hingings a blew bed ane pal- 
leise a fedder bed a bowster ane code, 
tuo pair blanketts tuo caddas, tuo blew 
covereings a blew table cloath, ane glasse 
a chamber pott a chimnay ane pair 
tainges ane showll tuo chyres, ane stooll 
tuo cushiones ane dry stoole 

In the laich howse be eist the old kitching, 
a table, tuo fiirmes, tuo stand beds three 
old coverrings tuo old blanketts 

In the Stable a pair of blanketts ane half 
blankett ane coverring w* ane bowster 

In the kiching a Chimnay w' a gallous tuo 
pair raxes, tuo speitts tuo pair buUes, tuo 

* Poker. 

pair tainges, four brasse potts^ tuo iron 
potts, a frying pane, ane brander, three 
pans, a leddell, a flesh crock fyve brasse 
Chandlers, tuo new tine chandlers, w^ tuo 
old chandlers, w' a pair old hinging 
raxes, Jeane Livingstoune hes in the 
wardrope siscteen powder' plats, in the 
kiching ten powder platts, Ane pistoll 
ane morters, a supporter of iron for the 
frameing platts eight [••••] spounes, 
sevin queches, three dussen timber trun- 
chers, ane flaming spone a pair candell 
sheires ane girdell tuo Sassers 

In the seller, tuo quart stopes, three pynt 
stopes, ane choppin stope, a tree quart 
stope, tuo beife stands tuo salt stands, 
three hering stands, ane butter stand, 
ane heed stand, tuo eight gallon barrells, 
four new four gallon barrells, tuo old 
four gallon barrells, tuo three gallon bar- 
rells, ane old meill sive, tuo furletts, tuo 
pecks, ane axe for brecking of beif w' ane 
uther axe .... axe for hewing timber 

In the brew howse ane cadron ane mask 
fatt tuo gyll fatts w* a wire (?) dishe, four 
tubbs a quickening bott w' a ledgallon(?) 
.... a quart glass bottell, tuo pynt glass 
bottells, a choppin glass bottell ane much- 
kin glass bottell 

Ane dussen silver spouns q'of there is 
three given out the house 

Tuo silver salt fatts a meikle and a littell 
on. Tuo silver dishes a lesser on and a 
bigger. Three carpetts — There is a 
wyne seller in the study 

Ane hagbutt of sound of gunes 

( ) of musketts ( ) of pistells ( ) 

In the bigest Inner chamber of the touur 
there is a trunck, a kist & tuo bigger 
kists— and in the Lady Chisomes Cham- 
ber tuo bagging chists & in the wardrope 
tuo kists a borine(?) kist in the Laich 
howse ane napery kist in the stair heid, 
tuo truncks in the Lairds Chamber tuo 
in the Ladys Chamber 

* Pewter, 


Page 142. — Deed op Gift by My Lord Governor Albany of all Lands, 
Annuals, &c., which belonged to Master Walter Abernethy, to William 
Stirling of Glorat — ^4* March 15 16- 17. — [From the original in the Charter 
Chest of the Burgh of Dumbarton.] 

My lord Gouemour in the Kingis name ordinis ane letter to be maid vnder the 
priue sele in dew forme to his louit William Striueling of Glorate his airis and as- 
signais for his gude and thankfuU seruice done to our Souerane lord and my lord 
Gouemour of the gift of all landis annuellis and gudis movable and vnmovable 
quhilkis pertenit to vmqiihile maister Walter Abimethy prouest of the college kirk of 
Duiibertane and now pertening or may pertene to our Souerane lord and to my lord 
gouernouris dispositioun be resoun of eschete throw deces of the said maister Walter 
quhilk wes born bastaird and deit wthout lauchfuU are of his body gotten, with 
power to the said William his airis and assignais to intromett and tak vp all the 
saidis eschete gudis quhairevir thai be within the realme and at thar plesour to dis- 
pone thairon frely quietely, etc., but ony reuocatioun, etc. ; and that the said lettir be 
extendit in the best forme with all clausis neidfuU and with command in the samin 
to the shereffis of the schiris, prouestis and bailies of burrowis quhair the saidis eschete 
gudis ar efler the said Williamis informatioun to mak him his airis assignais or fac- 
touris be ansuerit thairof according to this gift and gif neid be to compell the intro- 
mettouris thairwith to deliuer the samin to thame and with command to the bailies 
of the burgh of Dunbertane to gif heretable state and sesing to the said William or 
his assignais and thair aris of al annuellis that pertenit to the said maister Walter 
gif he ony had within the said burgh and gif he had ony landis or annuellis haldin 
of utheris ourlordis than the Kingis hienes that presentationis be gevin to the said 
William his airis or assignais presentand thaim in tenentis of thai landis and 
annuellis to the ourlordis tharof to be nemmit in speciale efter the said Williames 
informatioun and the presentationes to be extendit in dew forme of the chancellary 
with al clausis neidfulL Subscriuit be my lord gouemour at Edinburgh the ferd 
day of Marche the yere of God j" v*= and xvj yeris. Without preiudice of oder 
manis rycht,^ 

J EH AN. G. 

Page 142.— Gift of a Beidmanship in the Collegiate Church of Dumbarton by 
George Stirling of Glorat to Robert Makcadam. — 26th May, 1539. — [From 
the original in the Charter Chest of the burgh of Dumbarton.] 

Be it kend till all men be thir present letteres me George Striueling of Glorat, 
capitane of the castell of Dunberten and patroun of ane beidmanschip in the said 
college of Dunberten fundit be umquhill ane venerabill clerk, mastir Waltir Abir- 
nathe provest of the said college for the sawlis of umquhill Andro Stewart lord 
Avendaill and the sawU of the said mastir Waltir and all crissing sawlis tyll haif 
geving and gran tit and be the tennour of thir presentis gevis and grantis the said 

1 The words in italics are added in a different handwriting. 



bedmanschip with all landis annuelrentis ryoltis and pextinentis tharto pertenyng or 
ony way in tyme cumin ma pertene now wakand in my handis as patroun forsaid 
be the deces and deid of vmquhill Cristell Striueling. last possessionar of the samyne 
to ane honest man Robart Makcadam for all the dayis of his liftyme, the said 
Robart prayand orison and suffrage in the said college efter the forme and tenor 
of the instrument of fundatioun of the samyne and hes rasauit the said Robart 
and admittit him be his hand gifting in myne in taknene of his possessioun reall 
and actuall and als be deliuering of the belstringis of the said college in the 
handis of the said Robart as wse is in siclik thingis to be done. In witnes of 
the quhilk thing to this my gift I haif set to my awin propir seill with the sub- 
scriptioun of my hand manuall at the castell of Dunbertan the xxvj day of the 
monetht of May the yeir of God ane thowsand fiv hundrith and thrette nyne yeris 
befor thir witnes James Lindissay and Johne Striueling yonger with vtheris diuers. 

George Striuelyng 

of Glorat 

Page 142. — Notarial Instrument following the Gift of a Beidmanship in the 
Collegiate Church of Dumbarton by George Stirling of Glorat to Robert 
Makcadam. — 27th February, 1539-40. — [From the original in the Charter 
Chest of the Burgh of Dumbarton.] 

In Dei nomine amen. Per hoc presens publicum instnimentum cunctis pateat 
euidenter et sit notum quod anno incamationis Dominice millesimo quingentesimo 
trigessimo nono die vero penultimo mensis Februarij indictione decima tertia, 
pontificatus sanctissimi in Cristo patris ac domini nostri domini Pauli diuina 
prouidencia Pape tertij anno quinto in mei notarij publici et testium subscriptorum 
presentia personaliter constitutus ut sequitur in vulgari : — The quhilk day ane rycht 
honorabill man Georg Struieling of Glorat capitane of the castell of Dunberten 
ratifeit confirmit and appreuit the gift and donacioun that he had gevin of befor 
to Robart Makcadem of ane bedmanschip in our Lady Colleg of Dunberten as 
verray patroun of the samyn gewin vnder his seill and hand vrit ; the tenor of 
said gift foUowis de uerbo in uerbum : Be it kend till all men be thir present lettres 
me Georg Stirling of Glorat capitane of the castell of Dunberten and patroun of ane 
bedmanschip in the said Colleg of Dunberten fundit be vmquhill ane venerabill clerk 
mastyr Walter Abirnathe prowest of the said Colleg for the sawlis of vmquhill Andro 
Stewart lord AvendaiU and the sawll of the said master Walter and all crissing sawlis 
till haif gevin and grantit and be the tenor of thir presentis gevis and grantis the said 
bedmanschip with all landis annuellrentis rychtis and pertinenits tharto pertenying or 
ony way in tyme cummin may pertene now vakand in my handis as patroun foirsaid 
be the deces and deid of vmquhill Cristell Stirling last possessioner of the samyn to 
ane honest man Robart M^ Kadem for all the dayis of his liftyme the said Robart 
prayand orisone and suffrag in the said Colleg eftir the form and tenor of the instru- 
ment of fundatioun of the samin and hes resauit the said Robart and admitted him 


be his hand giffing in myne in takene of his possessioun reall and actuall and als 
be the deliuering of the belstringis of the said Colleg in his handis of the said 
Robart as vse is in siclik thingis to be done. In Witnes of the quhilk thing to 
this my gift I haif set to my awin proper seill wyth the subscriptioun of my hand 
manuall at the castell of Dunberten the xxvj day of the monetht of May the yer of 
God j™ v^ and xxxix yeris befor thir witnes James Lindissay and Johne Striueling 
younger with vtheris diuers. Sequitur subscriptio : Georg Striueling of Glorat Super 
quibus omnibus et singulis sic premissis dictus Robertus M^ Kadem a me notario 
publico subscripto sibi fier petijt presens publicum instrumentum seu publica instru- 
menta vnum vel plura. Acta erant hec in camera mei notarij subscripti hora nonena 
ante merediem vel eo circa sub anno mense die indictione et pontificatu quibus supra. 
Presentibus ibidem honestis viris Johanne Striueling fratre dicti Georgii et Jacobo 
Lindissay cum diuersis alijs testibus ad premissa vocatis pariter et rogatis. 

Et ego Mathew Forsytht artium magister Glasguensis dioceseos presbiter sacraque 
auctoritate apostolica notario publico, quia premissis omnibus et singulis dum sic vt 
premittitur agerentur dicerentur et fierent (etc.). 

Page 142.— Gift of two Beidmanships in the Collegiate Church of Dum- 
barton, by John Stirling of Glorat to William Stirling, his natural 
son. — nth February, 1627. — [From the original in the Charter Chest of 
the Burgh of Dumbarton.] 

Be it kend till all men be thir presentt lettres me Johnne Stirling of Gloratt 
patroune of twa beidmanschipis in the burgh of Dumbartane foundit be vmquhill ane 
venerabiil man master Walter Abernethie then proveist of the coUedge kirk of the 
said burgh to have giffin and grantit and be the tennour gifiis and grantis the said 
twa beidmanschipis vith all landis annuel rentis rightis and pertinentis thairof perteining 
or ony way may be knowen to pertein to the samyn now waikand in my handis as 
patron foirsaid be the deceis of vmquhill last possessouris of the saymn 

to William Stirling sone naturall to the said Johnne Stirling of Gloratt for all the dayis 
of his lyftyme the said William Stirling praying to Almichtie God conforme to the' 
ordour obseruett and allowed within this kingdom be the kirk of God and in signe 
and taikin heirof I have resaivet the said William and admittit him be his hand in 
myne and for possessioune reall and actuall I have delywerit to him the bell stringis 
of the kirk of Dumbartane in his hand as vse is in siclyke thingis to be done. In 
witnes quhairoff to this my gift I have sett my seall and subscriptioune manuell att the 
Gloratt the allevint day of Februar the yeir of God*= twentie and sewin yeiris 
befoir thir witnessis Mongo Stirling fiare of Glorat and Johnne Stirling brother german 
to the said Mongo and Johnne Schaw of Bargarrane wrytter heiroE 

JOHNE Stirling of Gloratt. 
Mongo Stirling Wittnes, 
John Stirling Witnes. 
J. S. Bargarran Witnes, 


, I 



Page 157.— The Boundaries of the Lands of Quylt or Cult in 157a— [From 
the Register of Acts and Decreets of the Court of Session, vol. 46, foL 286.] 

I November 1570. 

Anent our soverane lordis letres purchest at the instance of Johne Striviling 
younger of Craigbamald aganis George Buchquhanan of that ilk, Johne Buchquhanan 
of Ballicondoquhy, Umphra Levinax, Marioun Levinax, wedo, Jonet Ynche, makand 
mentioun that quhair he hes obtenit ane decrete and rolment of court befoir the Shiref 
of Striviling and his deputis aganis the saidis personis decerning and ordaning thame 
to have done wrang in the wranguis violent and maisterfull trubling and molesting be 
thame selfis their servandis complicis and utheris in thair names of thair causing 
command assistance and ratihabitioun of the said compliner and his tennentis of his 
landis of Quylt with the pertinentis Hand in the parochin of Strablane within the 
shirefdom of Striviling in the peciabill bruiking and josing thairof within the boundis 
meithis and marches of the samyn, beginnand at the eist at ane well callit Sanct 
Makkessokis well, and fra thyne furth as the said well stryp rynnis to the watter of 
Blane, and fra thyne furth southwest as the marche stane and bussis standis betuix 
the landis of Dunbrook pertening to my lord of Montrois and the landis of Quit 
pertening to William Edmestoun of Duntreith, and fra thyne north west upw*^ to the 
eist syde of the Coreaker to the held of the samin, fra thine eist be the heid of the 
said aiker up be ane auld marche dyke of eird and stane to the fute of the craig, and 
fra thine just eist be the fute of the bra to ane thomye bus at the heid of the fald of 
Gartchan, and fra thine southeist doun be the dyke of Gartchan to ane sauchin bus, 
and fra thine furth north up ane strype to the arne bus and thairfra up north be the 
said stryp and marche stanis north to the heid of Craiggarrow, and fra thine furth, 
and fra thine furth north up our to the commone muir of Blane, and to desist and 
ceis fra all ferder molesting and trubling of the said compliner and his tennentis of 
his saidis landis of Quylt in the peciabill bruiking therof within the haill boundis methis 
and marches above specifeit as his propirtie and propir pairtis and pertinentis thereof 
in all tymes cuming be his self and his tennentis in his name as said is, as the 
said decrete mair fuUelye propertis quhilk the saidis personis on na wys will obey 


without thai be compellit. And anent the charge gevin to the saidis personis to 
compeir befoir the lordis of counsale at ane certane day bypast to heir and se lettres 
given and direct upoun thame in maner and to the effect underwrittin or ellis to allege 
ane resonabill caus quhy the samin suld nocht be done, like as at mair lenth is contenit 
in the saidis lettres. The said compliner being personaly present and the saidis personis 
defenderis being lauchfuUie summond to this actioun oftymes callit and nocht compeirit, 
the Lordis of counsale decemis and ordanis lettres to be direct and gevin in all the 
four formes and ilk executioun to be efter utheris within xlviii houris, and the warding to 
be in the castell of Blaknes in cats of Disobedience, etc. 



P^e 174.— Gift by the Bailies and others of the Burgh of Dumbarton of the 
Chapel of the Blessed Virgin Mary to the Lady Isabella Duchess of Albany 
and Countess of Lennox — the Chapel to be erected and created a Col- 
legiate Church,— nth May, 1453.— [From the original in the Charter Chest 
of the Burgh of Dumbarton,] 
Universis et singulis sancte matrjs ecclesie tiliis ad quorum noticias presentes liiere 
pervenerint, ballivi, consules, communitas, et comburgenses burgi de Dunbertane 
salutem in eo qui est omnium vera salus : Quia informamur et nobis datur intelligi 
nobilis et magnifica domina domina Isabella Ducissa Albanie et de Levenax comitissa, 
pro salute animamm antecessorum et successonim suonim, in cultus divini augmenium 
et ampliacionem, quoddam collegium, cum preposito et ministris ad divinum minis- 
terium inibi supportandum congrueucibus, in loco ad hoc apto et convenienti, et pocius 
in burgo nostro quam alibi, si fieri possit, fiindare et dotare disponit, Nos, consider- 
antes et animo deliberato aduertentes mentem et propositum dicte domine nostre 
ducisse, laudabilia fuisse et de ' acceptabilia, et pro parte sua excitati et soUicitati, 
habito desuper et communicato peritorum consilio et tractatu solempni, capellam 
beate Vlrginis Marie in burgo nostro antedicto situatam, cuius capelle patroni existi- 
mus indubitati, cum terns tenementis possess ionibus et redditibus eidem pertinentibus, 
una cum terra vasta per nos noviter dicte capelle concessa : accedente ad hoc con- 
sensu libero et avisamento discreti viri domini Willelmi de Dunbertane, capellam 
perpetui modem! ipsius capelle, dicte domine ducisse unacum consensu et assensu, ut 
ipsa capella in collegiatam ecclesiam erigatur et creatur, ac disposicionem liberam et 
jus patTonatus ejusdem, proviso tamen quod dictus dominus Willelmus cum erogatis 
dicte capelle nunc et possessis exceptis ortis antiquis et novis circa cam jacentibus, 
per nos et dictum dominum Willelmum pro mansis ad prepositum et capellanos con- 
struendis libere concessis suam ad vitam remaneat : Et eo de medio sublato, illius 
tamen capellanie advocacio et presentacio in prefata collegiata ecclesia nobis et 
successoribus nostris pertinere et spectare teneatur temporibus perpetuis pro fUturis, 
concedimus damns et presencium per tenorem in perpetuum confirmamus. In cujus 

■ di Id Ihe origioal charter, the scribe baving oiuilted the a in this woid, which should be t/io, not dt 


rei testimonium nos, ballivi, consules, et comburgenses antedicti, sigillum nostrum com- 
mune burg! nostri prefati presentibus apponi fecimus : £t quia ego dictus dominus 
Willelmus sigillum proprium ad presens non habui, sigillum providi viri Johannis 
Palmare dicti burgi burgensis in testimonium mei consensus et assensus ad omnia 
premissa presentibus apponi procuravi. Apud Dunbertane undecimo die mensis Mail 
anno domini millesimo quadringentesimo quinquagesimo tercio, hiis testibus, Murdaco 
Steuart milite, magistro Dugallo de Lochau, archidiacono Ergadiensi, dominis 
Johanne de Atheray, thesaurario Dunblanensi ; Johanne Rede, vicario de Dunbertane ; 
Andrea M'Bethe, Mauricio Palmare, et Symone Patricii capellanis, cum multis aliis. 

Page 175.--LADYTON, IN THE Parish of Bonhilu 

It appears from one of the Glorat Charters, printed in the "Stirlings of Keir,** 
page 214, that Isabella Duchess-Countess of Lennox granted a Charter, dated loth 
June, 1442, to Sir William of Dunbretane, Chaplain of the Chapel of St. Mary of 
Dunbarton, and his successors in the said chapel, for ever, of the lands of Upper 
BulIuU adjoining the Church of BuUuU or Bonhill, the only consideration she and her 
heirs were to receive for this gift being the prayers of the chaplains. The deed nar- 
rates that the lands had been given by her ancestor, Donald Earl of Lennox, to 
one Robert of Dumbarton, clericus, and his heirs, as security for repayment of certain 
monies. This charter is printed in the Cartularium de Levenax, page 68. Robert 
the clerk, had assigned the lands to the chapel of St Mary of Dumbarton for services 
there for the souls of the Earls of Lennox, their ancestors and successors, until the 
monies were repaid by the said Earl's heirs. The Countess, however, for the good of 
the souls of King Robert Bruce and his ancestors and successors. Kings of Scotland, 
and of Earl Duncan, her father, and his ancestors and successors, Earls of Lennox, 
and of her own soul, and that of her mother, her children, and all faithful dead, 
resolved to annex the lands in perpetuity to the Chapel of St. Mary, and this charter 
carries out the arrangement From being annexed to our Lad/s Chapel, these lands 
came to be called Ladyton ; and when the Bailies of Dumbarton in 1453 gave up 
this chapel and its endowments to the Countess for the seat of her new provostry. 
Upper BuUull or Ladyton went with it 

The prebend of the Virgin Mary in the provostry of Dumbarton, no doubt endowed 
with Ladyton was in the patronage of the Magistrates of Dumbarton. 

Page 176.— Provostry of Dumbarton. 


In a Book of Assumption in the Advocates' Library, Na 31,313, the following 
occurs : — 

" Provestry of Dumbartoune. 

It consists of the temporal lands of Strablane and diverse others, and of 3 kirks, 
viz., Fintray, Strablane, and BullulL The rent of it is in money, £2^'^ 6. 8. Meall, 
5 chalders." 




In a " Compt of the Sub - Collector of the Thirds of Benefices " the following 
appears : — 

" Dumbarton, Charge of Money, 1571. 

Alsua the comptare chargis him with the third of the money of the Provestrie of 
Dumbertane, the yeir comptit extending to Ixxvij'^ xv* vj^ 2 part d. 

To Edward Cwsak, minister at Dumbertane, takand be yeir j*^ pay it thairof Ix"*- 


And in the hands of James Edmestoun, Lwcas Stirling for the rest of the third 
of the money of the Provestrie of Dumbertane, the Ixviij and Ixix. Y xxxv** xj« j** 3 
pairt d. 

And in the handis of John Cunynghame of Drumquhassil for the third of the 
Provestrie of Dumbertane the yeir comptit bcxvij** xv* vj** 2 pairt d." 


From " Bagimont his taxt Roll of Benefices within the Kingdome of Scotland," 
as confirmed by Acts of Parliament — Reg, Epis, Glas, p. Ixvii. 

" In Decanatu de Lennox. 
Prepositura de Dunbertoun xxxij lib" (one-tenth =320 libs). 


From " Taxatio Super Scoticana Ecclesia Seculi xvL" 

" Glasguensis Diocesis — Decanatus de Levinax." 

Prepositura de Dunbartane xxvij lib. iiij* . — Reg, Epis, Glas, p. Ixxv. 


" The patronage of the Provostry and Prebendaries of the Collegiate Church of 
Dumbarton, and the Churches and Chaplainrys thereof, comprehends as follows in so 
far as I have been informed*' — 

I** The patronage of the Church of Bonill, with a right to the ' 

2® The patronage of the Church of Strathblane, with a right 

to the teinds, 
3® The patronage of the Church of Fintry, with a right to the 


Of the whole 
3 parochines. 

And the following lands, viz.: — 

I** The Ibert Lands of Fintry holding feu for £'^ 6. 8. ; sold by the Duke of 

Montrose to John Napier of Culcreuch. 
2® The lands of Knockdoriebarber holden feu for £fi i. 6. ; sold by the Duke 

of Montrose to Archibald Campbell of 


3^ The lands of Ladyton holding feu for £1 1 ; the Earl of Dundonald is the 

present vassaL 
4'' The lands of Stukrodgart holding feu for £% ; Rob' Semple is the present 

5^ Some lands of the £^ land of Arrochar holding feu for ;£io. These lands 

belonged to the Laird of Gartartan, by him sold to the Duke of 

Montrose, and by him sold to the Laird of M^arlane. 
6® Kirklands of Strathblane holden feu for ;f 33 6. 8. ; Stirling of Law is the 

present vassaL 
7<* Polmadie holding feu for £$ 11. 2.; James Peadie and John Cummins 

the present vassals. 
8** CorsehiU holden feu for £1 6. 8. William Thomson present vassaL 
— Memorandum among the Montrose Writs. 

On the loth March, 1571, Provost Cuthbert Cunninghame feued out " Nobili viro 
ac nostro clarissimo patri Joanni Cunynghame de Drumquhassill/' the lands of " Lady- 
toun*^ in Bonhill, " Ferkinche and Stokroggert " in Luss, " Ballemikbeg *' in Cardross, 
and ** Knokdoribarbar " in Rosneath. — Reg, Sec, Sig, xl. foL 67. Ferkinch and 
Ballemikbeg are not mentioned in the memorandum among the Montrose Writs. 

Page 179.— The Installation of Master James Stewart, Provost of the 
Collegiate Church of Dumbarton. 

24* August, 1 5 18. 

"Quo die venerabilis et egregius vir Magister Jacobus Steward prepositus ecclesie 
collegiate beate Marie virginis de Dunbertane Glasguensis diocesis habens et tenens 
in manibus suis retroscriptas coUacionum seu provisionum literas domini archiepis- 
copi Glasguensis sub suo sigillo rotundo de et super prepositura dicte ecclesie collegiate 
virtute quarum cum instancia que decuit requisivit venerabilem virum Magistrum 
Patricium Schaw rectorem de Cardross dicti diocesis quatenus sibi Magistro Jacobo 
actualem realem et corporalem possessionem dicte prepositure juriumque et pertinen- 
ciarum eiusdem secundum vim formam et effectum retroscriptarum literarum daret 
et deliberaret ; Unde prefatus Magister Patricius tanquam obediens filius volens mandatum 
sibi in hac parte directum reverenter exequi ut tenetur huiusmodi literas ad manus 
reverenter recepit et discreto viro domino Roberto Chochrane vicario de Strablane ac 
notario publico perlegendas tradidit quibus per dictum dominum Robertum alta et 
intellegibili voce perlectis in presencia nobilis et potentis domini Johannis comitis de 
Levenax et domini Demle ac patroni eiusdem idem Magister Patricius prefato Magistro 
Jacobo tanquam vero et indubitato preposito dicte ecciesie collegiate in actualem realem 
et corporalem possessionem ac institucionem dicte prepositure juriumque et pertinen- 
ciarum eiusdem dedit et deliberavit eundemque in actualem realem et corporalem huius- 
modi prepositure induxit instituit et corporaliter investivit stallum in choro ex parte 
australi et locum in capitulo in signum huiusmodi possessionis et institucionis eidem 
assignans. Super quibus omnibus et singulis, etc." 

[From the Dennistoun MSS, Advocated Library^ voL v. p. 163. Copied by the late 
James Dennistoun of Dennistoun from the original among the Dumbarton Writs.] 


Page I So. — Protest by the Canons of the Collegiate Church of the Blessed 
Virgin Mary of Dumbarton, and ratified by Master Robert Maxwell, the 
Provost, against the dilapidations of his predecessor. 

25th February, 1522. 

*' Quo die comparuerunt discreti viri domini Johannes Akynhed Robertus Palmer 
Umfredus Lyndissay et Thomas Palmer capellani sive canonici ecclesie collegiate beate 
Marie virginis burgi de Dunbertane coram venerabili et egregio viro Magistro Roberto 
Maxwel preposito predicte ecclesie collegiate et ibidem predicti capellani uno in assensu 
et consensu per modum querele sive queremonie prefato preposito ut eorum supperiori et 
magistro fecerunt et sibi dixerunt quod nuper venerat ad eorum aures quod Magister 
Jacobus Steuard canonicus Glasguensis et quondam prepositus prefate ecclesie collegiate 
terras ecclesiasticas et ecclesias juste pertinentes et spectantes prepositure et ipsis 
capellanis sive canonicis imposuit et assedavit et ad feodifirmam dimisit diversis 
generossis hominibus sine assensu et consensu dictorum capellanorum in prejudicium 
successorum prefati prepositi et dictorum capellanorum et suorum successorum. Et pro 
remedio juris solempniter protestaverunt prefatum prepositum et idem prepositus 
omnia et singula predicta per prefatos capellanos ratificavit et approbavit et cum hoc 
prefatas assedaciones ecclesiarum et terrarum ecclesiasticarum eiodem collegio juste 
pertinencium adnullavit cassavit et adnichillavit et pro remedio juris solempniter 
protestavit quando et ubi tempus requireret. Acta fuerunt haec,** etc 

[From the Dennistoun MSS, Advocated Library^ vol. v. p. 163. Copied by the late 
James Dennistoun of Dennistoun from the original among the Dumbarton Writs.] 



Page 203.— The Session Records of Strathblane. 

The earliest of the Session Records of Strathblane are contained in a small quarto 
volume, the leaves of which are so worn and brittle that the greatest care is required 
when handling them, and age and damp have made them so brown and so destroyed 
the colour of the ink that it is a work of much difficulty to read the entries. The 
dates unfortunately have fared badly ; very many of them are quite worn away and 
others illegible. The volume begins thus — 

The compt of receipts be the Sessione of Strablane sence the 17 of May 165 r. 

The following are specimens of the entries : — 

Imprimis Receved from Jonet Risk anent ane bill givin in vpon Margaret 

Loggane of Ballagane 01 6 8 

Mair from Jonet Leitch, fornicator with Gilbert Dowgle, . . 02 13 4 

Mair from Gilbert Dowgle 03 19 o 

Mair from Marion Rankine for hir breatch of the Saboth . . . 01 10 o 

Mair from James Brasch anent his breatch of the Saboth . . 01 00 o 

Mair from Margret Grahame, fornicator with the said William Mark, foure 
merkis, quhilk Archibald Edmonstoune, elder, keipit up for sklait that 
he gave for the Kirkis wse. 
And so on ; the fines being principally for breaches of the fourth and seventh com- 

On the fifth page is the following: — 

Ane accompt of debursements for the use of the Kirk and yeirly feyalls to Com- 
missioneris of the Generall Assemblie and Synod Clerkis, Presbytery Clerk and officer, 
and clerk and officer of the Session of Strablaine as follows. 

The following are specimens of the entries : — 

Imprimis givin at Candellmess 1652 for ane sandglasse 

Mair for hinging of the joggs at the Kirk doore 

Mair for ane hame gowne for the vse of adultereris 

Mair givin to the Conmiissioner who was sent from the Presbytery the 8 of 

June 1651. ' 

2 T 

00 12 O 

00 12 O 

02 CO O 

07 00 O 



Mair givin for ane Kirk box to William Rede wright in Glasgow and for two 

Keyis to it 05 oo o 

Mair givin to Mr. Allane Fergussoun who was sent Commissioner be the 

Presbitery to the General! Assemblie 1652 07 00 o 

Mair givin to Gilbert Maiklum clerk for his service the yeir 1653 . . 03 18 8 

Mair givin to William Hendrie for his attendance at the synod being ane 

ruUing elder 02 00 o 

Mair givin to James Rankine officer to buy ane shooe to his foot . . . 01 00 o 

Mair givin to Robert Leitch officer to the presbitrie for 3 yeiris bygone 

service 03 00 o 

Mair givin to Gilbert Maiklum clerk for his paynes he had in sumouning 

disobedient personnis to the Sessione the space of 14 weicks . . . 01 16 o 

Mair givin to Mr. William Camrone student of theologie at the College of 

Glasgow for the yeir 1664 05 co o 

Mair givin to the Clerk of the Synod 3 lb be Mr. Jo" Cochrane out of the 
sex shs sterling and a groat that he received of the collectioune out 
of the place of Mugdock and that for his feyell for Septr 1668 and 
Apprill 1689. 

Mair by ordina"^* of the Session the 8 of August 1669 to George Maiklum 
servant to my lady Marquesse of Montrosse 58/6 for the delyvering of 
two communione silver cups quhilk my Lady Marquesse gifted for the 
vse of the Paroche and Session. 

the 27 of November [1670] thair was 20 shs receivit from Duncane 

Fischer of Penneltie anent his scandellous misscariage with Joane 
Robisoun quhilk was givin to John M^Cally poor and blind in this 

Mair debursed be Archibald Edmonstoune younger 6 lib of the mortdoath 
money that the said Archibald had in the box quhilk was givin to the 
.... George Grahame maltman in Glasgow in name and on behalf of 
Ludovick Fairfoullis Clerk to the Synod. 

The CoUectiones for the poore from the 7 day of February 1669. 

The following are specimens of the entries : — 

The 7 day of February 1669 collected be Walter Buchanane .... 5 sh 6** and at 
command givin to ane poor criple man 4 sh remanes 18^* 

Wpoune the 22 of August collected be Robert Hendrie 4 sh quhilk was givin to 
ane poor supplicant ane lamed sojer — lykwyse collected the said day be Robert 
Scheirer 22^ 

October 18 1669. 
The quhilk day convened minister and elderis for [distributioun] of the poores 
money quhilk was distributed as foUowes — 

Jo°- M*^Callay recevit . 36 sh Matthew Ware . . . 20 sh 
W°** Miller, poor . 30 „ Jonet Gaimer . . . 20 „ 

Christine Ridd . . . 40 ,, Robert M^Indoe . . 



The 27 of February 1670 we had no sermone in respect of the ministeris seicknes. 

The 6 of March we had no sermone in respect of the ministeris seicknes. 

The 17 of Jully collected be Walter M'Calpine 2sh. 2d. and be ... . Maiklume 
3sh. 4d. quhilk 4od. was givin to ane poore woman quha had 7 fatherlesse childrine. 

Wpon the 4 of December 1670 collected be Robert Hendrie 3sh. 4d. an be Robert 
_Scheirer 6sL 2d. of the quhilk thair was givin be the said Robert Scheirer 4sh. to the 
gude wyf of the kirk house for quartring ane poor distressed gentlewoman. 

The II of December collected be Robert Hendrie I4d. quhilk he gave the said 
I4d. and 2d. more to ane poor woman. 

30 July 167 1. Givin out be Robert Foster 40sh. for ane aiken jeast to the wester 

The 7 of August 167 1. Givin out at directioun be Robert Foster 6sh. lod. to ane 
boy quho caried ane letter to Dumbartane to Mr. Geoige Stirling for to pritch at the 

Mair debursed be Robert Foster to Heelane Lennox poore and on sick bed 6sh. 8d. 
for drink the 8 of Jully 1672 resting yet be Robert Foster, 17. 3.6. 

The 13 of August we had no sermone in respect of the ministeris sicknes. 

The (15) of October collected to ane Christine Buchanane quho has ane daughter 
in distractioune recomendit be the prisbiterie of Dumbartane and reconunendit to our 
Session and quhilk Robert Foster collected and was ordained to be givin to Archibald 
Edmonstoune collector for the same. 

The 3 of December we had no sermon in respect of the ministeris [sicknes]. 

The 10 of December we had no sermon. 

Givin out be Patrick Maiklume 6sh. 8d. to Hedine Lonex poore on sick bed to buy 

1672. The 17 day of Apprill 1672 being ane day of humiliatioune thair was collected 
be Jo*^ M^'Coull 2sh. 8d. and be Walter M^'Callay 4sh. 

The 13 of October collected be Walter Buchanane 4sh. the quhilk [be command] ot 
the Session the 6 of October the said Walter Buchanane was ordaned to g^ve to the 
clerk for a nights quartering ane supplicant namit W*^ Murray recommendit by severell 
bisshops 6sh. 8d. 

August 1673. 
There was intimat ane order from the Counsell [as to con]fynment of severall 
Christianes taken by the Turkes [and ordaining] that ane collectioun be gathered through 
the Kingdome for [thair rdeif] Walter M^Calpine is to collect the nixt ensueing [Sabbath]. 

January 5 1673. 
The quhilk day collected be John Rankine and Robert Foster ssh. quhilk John 
Rankine keips; givin out be Jo"* Rankine 38sh. to young Archibald Edmonstoune 
quhen he was a buying the mortcloath. 

The 9 of February collected be William Grahame and his nibour 5sh. lod. quhill 
the said day Jo"- Rankine gave in his 3osh. 4d. that remayned undebursed of the quarters 


collectioun to Jo°' M^'CouIl to help to pay for the frinzies to the [mortjcloath that was 
weiving in Glasgow ; the said day W™- Grahame [was ordainit to] to give 6sh. to ane 
poor supplicant 

January 15 1674. 

The quhilk day conveaned minister and elders efter specified efter oncalling of the 
name of God Archibald Edmonstoune, Jo"- M*^Coull, Walter Buchanane, William 
Grahame, met for the distributing the poors money that is yit resting in the hands 
of Jo"- M^Coull Walter M^Calpine Walter M^Callay quhilk sowme in thair hands comes 
to 05 07 10 (then follow names of poor persons and the sums they received). 

Wpoun the 25 of June John Grahame of Dougalstoune baillie to the marquesse of 
Montrosse gave to the minister 13s. 4d. [receavit inj in the court anent ane oath, and 
the minister gave the [said] sum to ... . Williamesone poor in great distres. 

Wpoun the first of November 1674 thair was collected 24sh. for the vse of ane young 
boy that was cuted of the stone gravell in the [paroche] of Lusse quhilk was sent to 
Mr. Walter Stirling in Bald .... 

The 31 of January [1675] collected be John Rankine 4sh. 2d. of the quhilk thair was 
givin of it 2sh. to ane poor heighland woman quho had ane poor £aitherles chyld 
baptized at our church. 

The 18 of February at command of the minister thar was grivin to William 

quho was going to Londone 2 markis of the abov namit collectione so that thar remaynes 
no more till this lyne of poors money bot the gud tumours and of french tumouris 
I2sh. 8d.^ 

Wpon the 27 of June thair was no sermone throw the ministeris wnweellnes. 

18 Jully 1675. The quhilk day Gilbert Maiklume clerk did delyver 48sh. 4d. 
tumouris and good money that remayned wndebursed of the money that was col- 
lected be Jo"- Rankine and Jo"- M*=Cowle to the [poor] with 5sh. 4d. that Patrick 
Maiklume had of his coUectioune. 

Wpon the 28 of Jully being ane day of humiliatioune thair was collected be Archi- 
bald Edmonstone 4od. quhairof givin to ane poor man and a poor woman. 

Summa of Archibald Edmonstoun 
his quarter collectioun wndebursed 

mair givin be Archibald Edmonstoune to ane boy quho brought vp the actis of the 
[Assemblie] of the church from Humphra Colquhoune 6shs. in Archibald 

Edmonstounes hand wndebursed 3 . 18 . 8. 

The last of October collected be William Grahame 5 sh. [quhairof] givin to the 
clerk 2sh. 4d. for drink to ane poor fatherlesse and motherlesse [balm in] sicknes 
in the hill of Dunglasse. 

* A turner or tumour was a copper coin, the same as a bodle or boddle, equal to two pence Scots. It 
was first coined in Scotland by King James VI., and continued in use in the reigns of Kings Charles 1. 
and II. There was a French coin, a toumois, from which no doubt the Scottish coin took its name, 
which was current in Scotland before the turner was introduced, and which continued in circulation 
along with it. 



Wpoun the 17 day of November thair was receivit be the clerk from James 
my lord Marquesse officer 8sh. that the baillzea took for ane [oath] in his court, the 
quhilk 8sh. Walter Buchanane receivit till his compt 

The 19 day [December 1675] thar was no collection gathered throw fewnes of 
people and ane stormye day. 

Wpoun the 6 day of February [1676] thar was no collectioun throw stormynisse 
of the day and fewnes of people. 

Wpoun the 27 of February the Session ordained I2sh. that remayned of [William] 
Grahames old collectioun to be given to ane poor lad of to buy drink now 

in his sad seiknes, that the clerk gave out 

Wpoun the 29 day of May 1676 thar was sermone keepit bot no collectioun 
[received] throw the fewnes of people. 

16 July 1676. Collected be the said Archibald Edmonstoune 5s. 6d. 
By direction givine be him to two of the Kings Blewgowns 6s. 8d. 
[There are no Session Records between August 1676 and August 1691.] 

Strathblane 2 of August 1691. 

The quhilk day M'* James Elphinstowne minister, Walter. M^Indoe^ Archibald Foyer, 
William Browne elderis sitting in session. 

In the first the session admittis John Foyer clerk to the preceding. ^ 

The quhilk day WiUiam Browne is appointit by the Session to attend the presbitrie 
at Dumbarton wpon Tuysday nixt 

30 of August 1 69 1. 

The quhilk day comperit John and Robert Leitches and Mathew Prowan and con- 
fesseit thar breatch of Uie Sabboth day by streaking, scolding and flytting but denyit 
cursing and sweiring. 

The quhilk day John and Robert Leitches and Mathew Prowan is sumoned apud 
acta to compeir the nixt Sabboth and Mathew Prowan apointed to bring his wyfil 
(Date iUegible.) 

The quhilk day John and Robert Leitches is appointed by the session to appeir 
beffor the kongregatione vrpon the place appointed this day fourtnight to evidence thar 
repentance for thar breach of the Sabath, Mathew Prowan and his wyff this day 
tuentie dayes. (Date ill^ble.) 

The session appointit Archibald Foyer thesurar to gift to Alexander M^Alpin a 
poor man but known by the session to be honest this days collection which was one 
pound aucght penyes [quhilk] the said Archibald did 

4 October 1691. The quhilk day John and Robert Leitches in Duntreth Mathew 
Prowan and his wyff did all of them appeir publicklie and gave outward evidence 
of ther repentance for the breatch of the Sabbath and war absolvit 

^ Many of the entries which follow, particularly those relating to breaches of the seventh command* 
ment, are not of general interest, or suitable for this book. 



The said day the sessione appointis Walter M^Indoe to attend the sinod at Glasgow 
on Tuysday and Wedensday next 

Advertisment was given to the congregatione the last lords day of this dayes 
colection that it was to be given to one John Key wnder a fitt of distraction the 
session appointis Archibald Foyer to gif it to Robert Key his father to goe to the 
doctouris with him quhilk the said Archibald did extending to thrie pund sax shilling 
ten pennyes. 

October 19 1691. The Sessione approves of the act of the Synod of Glasgow in 
October instant anent the bestowing a fourtin pence upon M'* W^ Camron latt currat 
at Greinok givin to him be M'- James Elphinstowne minister and payit back again 
to him be Archibald Foyer. 

15 December 1691. This day James M^Indoe in Craigallian being citit by the 
officer for his breatch of the Sabbath day in goeing to a mercat with lint, compeirt 
and confest he went away on the Sabath but affirmed it was lat in the night. 

The Sessione appointis the said James M^Indoe to appeir publicklie befor the 
congregatione the nixt Sabath to evidence his repentance, and replyed he would tak 
it to advysment 

The Sessione ordains Archibald Foyer to g^f aught shilling Scottis to one Isobel 
Forbes a poor woman com from the North who prodoucit her testificatioune making 
mention that hir husband fiftie yeires of age was to be cutt of a ston 

by the doctouris at Glasgow quhilk the said Archibald did 

And lykwayes appointis the said Archibald to gif to a poor man in the paroch of Kii- 
moronock ten shilling Scottis quhilk he hes done. 

20 December 1691. The said James M^Indoe comperit not to evidence his re- 
pentance and tharfor is ordanit to be sumoned to the presbetrie. 

The Sessione approves of ane shilling starling given to one James Rickartoun be 
M'* James Elphinstowne minister quhich man had his hous burnt and tua children but 
payit back again to him be Archibald Foyer. 

14 Feb. 1692. The Sessione statu tis and ordainis that no person nor personis quhat- 
summever after the date heirof sail have the beneffit of proclamatione till once they 
consigne ther money according to the Church order. 

8 Mars 1692. William Brown received from BaUagan tua yeres anuellrent of the 
thousand marks dedicat for the poores vse being ane hundreth and ten marks Scottis the 
retention money being deducit and delivered the samyne to the minister and elderis 
this day. 

The sessione appointis Munday nixt to devyd the poores money and that they meet 
again aucht adock in the fomoon. 

14 March 1692. Ther was a roll of the poor of the paroch drawn by the sessione 
and the hundreth and ten mark equallie devydit amongest them as the samyne at 
lenth is seet downe in a book by it self keepit for that vse. 


27 March 1692. This day mention was made in Sessione anent the listing of sum 
elders and it is thought fitt to tak the presbetres mynd thairanent whether they may 
be listed be the minister and present clerk or by the heids of famillies. 

2 June 1692. The session appointis Archibald Foyer to g^ to Margret Lyghtoun 
a poor woman recomendit by the synod aught shilling Scottis quhich he did. 

Strathblen 6 June 1692. 

M'- James Elphinstoune minister, Archibald Foyer Walter M^Indoe and William 
Brown elderis present in Sessione. 

This day Archibald Foyer gave in his compt of debursments of the money coUectit 
be him fra the 20 day of Appryll 1691 to the last day of Appryll 1692 as efter follows — 

To ane poor Irland man 00 04 o 

To M^- John Walker pr: clerk 02 16 o 

To ane poor man 00 03 o 

To the student 04 06 6 

To tuo poor men 00 02 o 

To James Din at first to goe to Edin^- 01 06 o 

To him the nixt tyme 01 06 o 

To a poor man 00 03 o 

Givin out be the said Archibald Foyer be act of Session at sevrall tymes in 

the first to Alex'* M^Alpin a poor man 01 08 o 

To John Key wnder a fitt of distraction to goe to the doctouris . . 03 06 o 

To M'- W"' Camron latt curat at Greinok be the Synods order . . 00 14 o 

To Isobel Forbus a poor woman who had her husband to be cut of a ston . 00 08 o 

To a poor man in Kilmaronock 

To James Rickartoune a poor man that had tua children burnt in his house 00 12 o 
Given to Johne Foyer Session Clerk for half ane yeirs service daiting fra the 

first of August 91 to the last of January 92 03 00 o 

This day given to ane John Colquhoune a poor man in Luse tormented with 

the gravell and recomendit to ws be the presbeterie . . « . 01 00 o 
The said day given to Donnell Fergisoun for tua poor scholleris quarter 

wages 01 04 00 

This day given to James Galium in Ballowne a poor man to buy schoos to 

his chyld 00 16 o 

7 August 1692. The four pund of pennaltie received be Walter M^Indoe from James 
Leitch was debursit be the said Walter at the sessions appointment for a glas window to 
the church, with four shilling mor given out of the box. 

24 Sept 1692. The Sessione allous Archibald Foyer to gif Archibald M<=Artour 
a poor man in Bonyll ten shilling Scottis he having M'- Alexander Kings lettre of 
recomendation by the presbetries order quhich the said Archibald did. 

December 1692. The presbetrie allous the minister and present elders to choise 
and elect mae elders and decons as they think fitt 


The solemne fast dayes since M'* James Elphinstowne his ordinatione ivas dewlie 
and orderlie keeped heir according to the severall intimations mad out of pulpit 

23 December 1692. This day the sessione hes concludit wpon the listing of sum 
new elders and decons as eftir insert 

Elders names 

Archbald Galbraith in Cult 
John M^Indoe in Rosyaird 
John Buchanan in Ballewne 
James Browne in Duntreath 
John Wealch in Mugdok 
John Renkin in Dumbroch 

Decons names 

Robert Dalglish in Blairquhoise 
Walter M^Alla in Auchingillian 
George Ronald in Carbeth 
James Sheirer in Mugdok 

This day given out of the box to John Wilson for umqle John Gourlayes 

mortchest . . .. 280 

To Janet Simpson 00 14 o 

To John Gaimer in Woodend 00 14 o 

To Agnes Browne in Duntreth 00 14 o 

To John Meason, thar 00 14 o 

To Margret M^Gowan in Mugdock 00 14 o 

Mor given formerlie out of what was in the box to William Nobil a poor man 

wpon the presbeteries testimonial! 00 14 o 

To Janet Risk in Dumbroch 00 14 o 

To Hellen Lennox in Ballagan 00140 

Mor to mak out the pryce of glasse window to the Kirk . . . . 00 4 o 

29 January 1693. Walter Buchanan schoolmaister at Strathblane is admitted 
sessione clerk and John Foyer former clerk is to fill up the minuts in the sessione 
book and be payit for his bygan services. 

25 May 1693. This day Archibald Foyer thesaurer hes given in compts of the 
colection lifted be him since the first of May 92 to May 93 quhich extends to 
fourtie aught pund nyne shilling aught pennys and is debursit as efter follows : — 
Registrat in a book by itself. 

Jully 13 ; 1693. The said day the sessione approves of tua pund tua shilling 
Scottis given be Mr. Elphinstowne to ane M'* Hiendry in much distress he having 
severall faithfull testificationes as a Godlie man but poor and payit back to him be 
the thesarer. 



Compeirit Robert Leitch and confest his sin of fumicatione with Mai^et Boill and 
therfor the sessione appoints him three severall Sabbath dayes-to appeir upon the 
publick place of repentance and to begin the nixt Sabbath. 

1 6 JuUy. Robert Leitch began his repentance. 

23 Jully. Robert Leitch gat his second rebucke. 

30 Jully. Robert Leitch was absolved. 

September 10; 1693. The Sessione approves of a fourtin pence given by the 
minister to a wounded souldier cum out of the north having several testificationes 
and payit back again to him by the sessione. 

Lykwayes of one shilling starling given by the minister to ane Lindsay 

in Kintyr having sufficent testimonialls and payit back again to him by the Sessione. 

Any entries of general interest in the Session Records of the eighteenth and 
nineteenth centuries are to be found in Chapter VIL, "The Protestant Ministers 
of Strathblane." 

Page 204,— "The New Psalmes" of 1650. 

The old Psalter which "the new Psalmes" superseded was a venerable collection 
founded on that in use by the English congregation at Geneva of which John Knox was 
minister in 1556, and on "The Whole Booke of Psalmes collected into English 
Metre by J Stamhold, J Hopkins and others, conferred with the Ebrue .... Printed at 
London 1562/' after the whole had been carefully revised and amended in Scotland and 
many psalms by Kethe, Craig, and Pont, all Scotsmen, substituted for others by Stam- 
hold, Hopkins, etc. It was issued for the first time in 1564-5 along with the Book of 
Common Order under this title, " The Forme of Prayers and Ministration of the Sacra- 
ments &c used in the English Church at Geneva, approved and received by the Churche 
of Scotland .... with the Whole Psalmes of David in English Meter .... Printed at 
Edinburgh by Robert Lekprevik MDLXV." There were no "Spiritual Songs "in this 
version, but in subsequent editions they were added, as well as " Conclusions " or Doxolo- 
gies. The Spriritual Songs included " The Ten Commandments of Almightie God," 
** The Lords Prayer," " Veni Creator " or " Come Holy Ghost Etemall God," " The Song 
of Simeon," " The Twelve Articles of the Christian Beliefe," " The Humble Sute of a 
Sinner," " The Song of Moses," etc. The conclusions to the psalms or doxologies were 
arranged in measures suitable to those of the different psalms, thus the " Gloria Patri " is 
rendered in several ways. 

In common metre — 

Gloir to the Father, and the Sone 

And to the Halie Gaist, 

As it was in the beginning 

Is now and ay shall last 




In short metre — 

Gloir to the Father be 
The Sonne and Halle Gaist : 
As it hes bene continuallie, 
Is now and ever shall last.' 

In long metre— 

To God be gloir interminabill, 

And his Sonne Christ baith God and man 

And Halie Gaist inseparabill, 

As was ay sen the warld began. 

Or in peculiar metres, such as — 

An gif him all glorie, 
In Psalmes most sweit : 
And to his sonne Christ 
And blist paraclait. 
Quhilk from the beginning, 
Did evir extend, 
And so shall continew 
Warld without end, 

and many others might be added. 

The first serious attempt to alter this Psalter was in 1637, when Laud's Service Book, 
to which was attached a new version of the Psalms composed by King James VI. (by 
this time dead) and Sir William Alexander of Menstrie, Earl of Stirling, was sent down to 
Scotland by order of King Charles I. Both Service Book and Psalms were indignantly 
rejected in St. Giles* Church, Edinburgh, 23rd July, 1637, and neither were ever used 
in Scotland. 

The old Psalter, with its appropriate music, scriptural songs, and doxologies was 
popular in Scotland and fell from no fault of its own, but was given up by the Scottish 
representatives at the Westminster Assembly of Divines, where so much that was excellent 
and liberal was sacrificed by Scotland to the narrow-minded bigotry of England, in the vain 
attempt to attain uniformity of doctrine and worship for the three kingdoms. The origin 
of the new psalms is briefly this — In 1643 Francis Rous, a learned English gentleman 
and Member of Parliament, first published his metrical edition of the Psalms. After 
various proceedings in the Westminster Assembly of Divines and English House of 
Commons, the latter, on the 15th April, 1646, ordered "That the Books of Psalms set 
forth by Mr. Rous and perused by the Assembly of Divines be forthwith printed in 
sundry volumes, and that the said Psalms, and none other, shall after the first day of 
January next be sung in all Churches and Chapels within the Kingdom of England, 
Dominion of Wales, and Town of Berwick upon Tweede ; and that it be referred to Mr. 
Rous to take care for the true printing thereof. The Lords' concurrence to be desired 
herein." The Lords concurred, and the book was sent down to Scotland and laid before 
the Commission of the General Assembly at Edinburgh by Mr. Robert Baillie, 21st 
January, 1647, with a view to its being adopted by the Church of Scotland. At the 



General Assembly of 1647 it was resolved *' Concerning the paraphrase of the Psalmes 
sent from England ^ " that it is very necessary that the said paraphrase be yet revised." 
A committee was appointed to do so, who were also to make use of the works of Mure of 
Rowallan, Zachary Boyd, and others, on the subject, " but especially of our own Para- 
phrase, that what they find better in any of these works may be chosen .... and the 
Assembly doth further recommend that Mr. 2^chary Boyd be at the paines to translate 
the other Scriptural Songs in meeter and to report his travails also to the Commission 
of Assembly." 

Several revisions of the Psalms took place between this date and 1650, when they were 
finally authorized and ordered to be used, both by the General Assembly of the Church of 
Scotland and the Committee of Estates of the Kingdom, the General Assembly order- 
ing the Presbyteries to make public intimation of the Act, ^' discharging the old paraphrase 
and any other than this new paraphrase to be made use of in any congregation or family 
after the first day of May in the year 165a" Zachary Boyd was thanked for the trouble 
he had taken, but none of his poetry was accepted 

Like the proposed uniformity of Church government and worship, the uniformity of 
psalms also broke down. England continued to use Sternhold and Hopkins' version till 
that of Tate and Brady was substituted in 1698, and Scotland has continued to use Rous' 
version, as revised, to the present day. The hundredth psalm of Kethe was substituted for 
that of Rous, and several of the old psalms were retained as second versions, but it is to 
be regretted that the General Assembly of 1650 did not insist on retaining many more 
from their " own Paraphrase.'' The fine old tunes, too, which had hitherto been printed 
with the psalms were abandoned, as well as the scriptural songs and doxologies — Scotland 
being again sacrificed to England. 

Page 228.— Mr. William Begbie Moves, B.D., Minister of Strathblane, 


Mr. Ferguson died on the 8th April, 1886, and on the 26th May, 1886, the 
congregation met and appointed a committee of thirty for the purpose of nominating 
one or more clergymen to a future meeting of the congregation with a view to the 
election and appointment of a minister for the parish. The committee appointed 
Mr. J. Guthrie Smith and Mr. Harold Ross Coubrough, respectively, their convener 
and secretary. This was the first election of a minister of Strathblane since the 
abolition of patronage in the Church of Scotland. The result of the committee's 
work was that on the 31st August, 1886, five names of clergymen were submitted to 
a meeting of the congregation, when the Rev. William Begbie Moyes, B.D., was 
elected minister of Strathblane by a large majority. He was ordained and inducted 
on the 28th September, 1886. The Rev. William Maxwell, M.A., of Cardross, presided 
on the occasion. 

Mr« Moyes is a graduate of the University of Glasgow, where he took high honours. 
After being licensed by the Presbytery of Glasgow he was assistant to the Rev. 
William P. Rorison of Dalserf for over a year. He has done good work there, and 
let us trust he will add another to the long line of excellent and distii^ished 
ministers of Strathblane. 


— - -J3W^«- 



In the books of the Teind Court preserved in H.M. Register House, reference 
is made to three Localities of Strathblane, the Decrees of Locality being issued 
in 1758, 1798, and 1 830-1. But of these the first and third only are preserved — 
a practice having grown up at the end of last century, and continuing up to 1826, 
of not keeping copies of the papers in teind cases. From 1826 onwards the series 
of papers is on all cases complete. 

Before 1755, the date from which the augmentation granted in 1758 begins, 
the stipend of Strathblane was 85 bolls of victual and 100 merks Scots. 

I. On 1 2th July, 1758, a new Locality was modified, fixing the .stipend at 
85 bolls of meal and £27 ys. iid. sterling. 

(No communion element money.) 

II. In 1798, the new Locality taking effect from December, 1793, was issued 
and the stipend fixed at 9 chalders 3 bolls i firlot i peck ^ lippy meal, and j£^ 
15s. 7ld. sterling. 

(No communion element money.) 

III. On the 22nd May, 1830, and nth June, 183 1, a Locality, being the final 
one, was issued, by which the stipend was modified as from 1807 to 1826 at 14 
chalders victual, half meal and half barley, and so much further victual as was 
equal to £s 15s. 7ld., with £S 6s. 8d. for communion elements, and from 1826 
onwards at 103 bolls o firlots o pecks 2^Vth lippies meal, and 9 bolls 2 firlots 
2 pecks 2flths lippies here, and ;^i39 6s. 9 Ad. in money sterling. 

A good deal of litigation took place before the final allocation was issued. 

The augmentation of 1758 was granted on the application of the Rev. James 
Gray ; that of 1798 on the application of the Rev. Gavin Gibb ; and the final aug- 
mentation and locality of 1830-31 was at the instance of the Rev. Gavin Gibb and 
the Rev. William Hamilton, D.D., his successor. 



L— Locality of 1758. 



Rent in Sterling 

Stock and Teind. 
Victual. Money. 

B. F. P. L. 

Duke of Montrose, 
Archibald Edmonstone, 

Place of Mugdock and 
Parks of Cunleoch,* . 

Barony of Duntreath, 
indading Middle Bal 
lowin, Easter Blairqu 
hoise, Blairgair, and 

Lands of Ballagan,. 

Lands of Kirkland, Vicar 
land, Broadgate, and 
others, • • 
John Buchanan of Carbeth, Wester Blairquhoise, 

}ames Stirling, 
ohn Stirling of Law, 


Charles Lyle, 

James Craig, 
John Graham, 
James Buchanan, 
James Foyer, 

John Colqnhoun, 
Walter M*Indoe, 
James M'Indoe, 
John Ware, 

Cult Craig, 

i £dinkill, 
i Edinkill, 
Cult Wester 

i Carbeth, 
\ Carbeth, 
I Carbeth, 

and Dum 

James M'lldoe or M'Indoe, \ Carbeth, 
Geoi^ Ronald, | Carbeth, 

William Ware, 
John Buchanan, 
Robert Provan, 
John Graham, 

or Edmon 

Alexander Gardner, 

Margaret Watson, 

James Shearer, 
Gilbert Ware, 

{ohn Williamson, 
ohn Graham, 

John Bryce, 

Robert Provan, 

lliomas Ronald, 

James Smith, 

Gilbert Ware of Barrochan, Woodend, 

William Buchanan, Milndavie, 

\ Auchingilzean, . 
I Auchingilzean, . 

J Auchingilzean, . 
Eastertoun of Mug 

\ Eastertoun of Mug 

\ Eastertoun of Mug 

dock, . 
\ Meikle Mugdock, 

Mdkle Mugdock, 

Meikle Mugdock, 

Westertoun of Mug 

\ Westertoun of Mug 

\ Westertoun of Mug 

Peach, • . 
Gallowhill, . 

;f 58 68 0000 ;^0 42 

163 2 9 
85 3 5 

54 o o 

60 o o 

26 II o 
35 o o 

44 2 o 

27 o o 

28 o o 
19 o o 




4 3 

4 3 
16 13 

8 6 

8 6 






14 13 4 

2 4 5l 


II 15 o 

5 17 6 

5 17 6 

II 10 o 

5 15 o 

5 15 o 

8 14 o 

5 II o 

2 10 o 

24 3 X 3 
12 o 2 o 

16 2 O O 
























2 1) 

O 2 O li 
2 I I ij 
10 2 2] 


2 1 I ll 

I O 2 2S 






I 7 6 
5 5 10 


I 7 8A 
5 5 3 

o 4 3i 

o 4 3J 












o 10 
o 10 

o I 3 

O O 2i 
O O 2i 

o o 10 

o o 10 


o o 10 

O 6 2iV 

o o 10 

£M\ 9 5 85 o o o ^27 7 II 





The Stipend as now to be {Mud. 

By Milliken Craig . 
By the Duke of Montrose 
By the heirs of Wm. Weir, for Auchin 
gillan .... 

}ohn Buchanan, for Auchingillan 
ames Provan, Dtf; 

James M'Indoe, for Carbeth, 

{ames Colquhoun, Do. 
ohn M'Indoe, Do. 

The Duke of Montrose, Do. 
Robert Robieson of Ladriegrain 
Robert Allan, for i of Edinkill 
John Graham, for part of Easter 

Mugdock, . . . 
Alexr. Gairdner, for Do. 
Mai^raret Watson, for Do. 
. James Shearer, for part of Middle % 

Mugdock . . . / 
John Brown, Do. V 

Wm. M*Ilquhan, Do. \ 

Robert Pender, Do. ' 

John Graham, for part of Wester 


{ohn Bryce, Do. 

ames Weir, Do. 

Mr. Colquhoun, for Craigalzean 
Thomas Ronald . 
James Smith of Craigend 

for Woodend . 

William Buchanan of Milndavie 

for Kirkhouse 

Poffle .... 
Sir Archd. Edmonstone 
Alexr. Graham, Esq. of Ballagan 
John Stirling, Esq. of Craigbamet 
John Buchanan, Esq. of Carbeth 
Archibald Lyle . 
Tohn Foyar .... 

Old Stipend, 

B. F. P. L. 

II O 2 O 

2 O 

2 2 

2 2 

2 2 




24 3 I 3 

12 O 2 O 
16 O O O 



Victual in place 

of old Money 


B. F. P. L. 

12 3 O I 


























19 3 o li 

O O I I 
O O O 2i 
O O I I 



85 o o o 41 


B. F. P. L. 

3 3 I Oi 





























o o I 34 
o o I 34 

o I o o^ 
o o 2 oi 

O O 2 oi 








20 3 3 oi 


£ s. D. 


O I 8 

o I 8 

o I 8 

o 17 04 

3 5 H 

o 3 10 

o 2 10 
o 15 lOj 

5 15 71 

^ From a copy among Duntreath Writs. 




III.— -Locality of i 830-1. 
22nd May, 1830, and nth June, 1831. (Particulars of Rent not given.) 

Adam Graham, 

John Guthrie, formerly 

James M'Indoe, 
Duke of Montrose, 

John M*Indoe, 
ohn Smith's Heirs, 

Robert Robison's Heirs, 
Mrs. Luke or Crawford, 
Robt. Mitchell, formerly 

Matthew Robertson, for- 
merly Buchanan, 
John Buchanan, 
Walter Aitken and Rob- 
ert Shirra, formerly 
Weir's Heirs, 
James Provan, 
Sir Charles Edmonstone, 

John Norval's Heirs, 
Alexander Graham, 

John Buchanan, 
Milliken Craig, 
Archibald Lyle, 
John Foyer, 
James Weir, 

Alex. Gartshore Stirling, 

\ Carbeth 

\ Carbeth 

\ Carbeth 

\ Park of Mugdock 

Cunloch or Quinloch 

\ Carbeth 

\ Craigend, Peach, and 

Part of Edinkill 
Blaerisk . 
Part of Lurg Poffle 

Part of Kirkhouse Poffle 

Part of Mildavie 
\ Auchingilzean 


Duntreath and Dungoyack 
Middle Ballewan 
Blairgair . 

Easter Blairquhos . 
For entries every 19th year 
Wester Arlehaven . 

Do. value of a wedder 
\ Easter Arlehaven . 
Spittal of Ballewan . 
\ Easter Arlehaven . 
Wester Ballagan 
Easter Ballagan 
Wester Blairquhos . 
Wester Ballewan 
Easter Ballewan 
Easter Cult 
Wester Cult . 

Kirklands and Cottaries 
Braidgate and Cottaries 

Continued OH next page. 

B. F. P. L. 

I 3 
4 O 















2 o 

4 3 

2 I 

• • • 

o 3 

o 2 

O 2 

o 3 

I 3 

o 3 

2$ O 


1 I 

o 3 












o 3i 

o o 

1 2| 

2 I{ 
O O 
O O 
2 I| 

o o 

o 3A 


• • ■ 

1 o 

2 O 

O O 

2 if 




o 3 03 





B. F. P. L. 

£ a. D. 

O O 

2 I 



I 2 I 2I 

• ■ • • • • 

I I I 1} 

3 o 3i 

1 o 3 of 

o I 8 





I 6 
o 4j 


1 8 
o 4i 


3 X 

1 o 

o o 
o 4 

O O 2^ 

O O li 

o o 10 

o 10 o 
o 15 10 


o 3 
o 13 

O 2 



O 12 62 

O 12 6j 


o 3 

o 3 
o o 




• ■ • 


21 14 2 
3 16 4| 

29 3 of 






B. F. P. L. 

B. F. P. L. 

;C s. i>. 

Continued from prcviotis page. 

Henry Glassford, 

Easter Mugdock 

and Blandsherry part of 


• • • * • • 

• • • • • • 

• ■ « ■ • • 

26 16 

3 I 9t 

John Brown, 

5 acres Easter Mugdock . 

■ ■ • • • • 

16 11^ 


\ Middle Mugdock . 

• • • > • ■ 

3 16 si 

Margt. Watson or Clark, 

About 2 acres Easter Mug- 



■■• >•> ■■• ■•• 


Robert Shearer, 

^j Easter Mugdock . 


I 8 

William Anderson, 


I 8 

James Shearer, 

\ Middle Mugdock . 

7 6 li 

John M*Ilquhan, 

\ Middle Mugdock . 

2 84 

Robert Pender, 

\ Middle Mugdock . 

1 16 5f 

James Smith, 

\ Wester Mugdock . 

18 II 4i 

Marion Bryce, 

1 Do. . . 

4 6 4i 

John Weir, 

J Do. 

4 12 7* 

In all. 

103 2,V 

9 2 2 2K 

139 6 9A 

" -■ -■ 



L — The Valuation Roll of Stirlingshire of 183 1 was draivn up by the late Mr. Robert 
Campbell, Clerk of Supply for the County of Stirling, and is the result of much research. 
It is founded on the Valuation Rolls of 169 1 and 1802, which were the only duly certified 
Rolls in existence when he began his work. Though not perfectly accurate, it is a very 
valuable document The valuation of Strathblane, as given here, is an exact reprint 
of this Roll 

Valuation Roll of 1831. 



LANDS. VALUE© rbmtdisjunctioh. LANDS. SUPERIORS. PROPRIETORS, valued rhkt 

The Barrony of 

Duntreath 794 19 3 May x, 175;. Cuilt, James Foyer Sir Ardiibald Edmon- 

stone Sir Archibald Edmon- 

— Duntreath Mains, Wood- stone 100 o o 

end, Dumgoiock, Gar- 
dens and Dougal's Aiker. 
Miln and Laiul, Bamhili 
and Croftstable. Do. Do 307 19 o 

— Hariehaven, Aughentall, 

Roaeyeards, Soannoo, 
Blaxjpu'b^, Biarhosh, 
Knowheaa« Craigbrock, 
Dnundrunshad.tM Hills, 
Ballewen and $pittaL... Do. Do 3x7 03 

Archibald Edmon- 

ston's rent 131 3 5 May ao, 1766. John Craig of Ballewan« 

his part of Archibald Ed- 

monstone's renL ^. The Duke of Montrose.. John Craig 65 8| 

— Jas.Lyle,Afalaven,hisao. John Campbell Douglas, 

Glasgow Sir Archibald Edmon- 

stone T » John Guthrie 

of Carbeth, i ; and— 

NoTval, t 65 XX 8^ 

Walter Stirling of 

Ballaggan ^79 Aug. 5, 1794. The Lands of Ballagan, 

comprehending Glorat's 

Ballaggan, which for- part of do Alex.GrBhamofBallagan Alex. Graham of Ballagan aoo 4 5 

merly pertained to 

Glorat,BaliagKan's Note.— ad. lost, the anaolo 

— ^"- hkvtag been taken from the 

own not beuiff 5^xr* ^7^ *?*" 

tS x.o x6 .0 CdkctofsBook. 

compted herewitt 

2 X 










The Barrony of 

8ia x6 10 Aug. 5, 1794. The Lands of Leddrygrecn Alex. Graham of Ballagnn 

— Drumbrock Do 

— Kirkhouse .' Do 

April 3, 1799. Mugdock Park The Duke of Montrose.. 

— Quinloch Do 

— JofCarbeth Do 

Craigallian Do 

^ofCarbeth Do 

— J of Auchingillian, Widnw 

Weir Do 

— : of da John Buchanan. . Do. 

— : of do. James Provan .. . . Do 

I : of Carbech, Jas. M'Indoe Do 

— : of do. John M'Indoe.. .. Do 

Craigend, John Smith ... . Do 

The I^ds of Pitch, Isobel 

Ronald Do 

i of Westertown of Mug- 
dock, James Graham .... Do 

— I of do. John Bryce Do 

^ of do. James Weir Do 

— }of Middle do. Jas.Shearer Do 

— i of do. Robert Pender and 

William M'llquham.... Do 

Robert Robison 

James Smith of Craigend 

Robert Robison 

The Duke of Montrose.. 



John Graham, Glasgoir. 

Walter Aiken 


ames Provan 

ohn Guthrie of Carbeih 

ames M *lndoe 

ames Smith of Craigend 


I of do. John Brown. Do. 

I of Easter da JohnGraham Da 

|- of do. James Shearei's 
heirs. Do. 

— Mildavie, James Robertson Do 

Feb. Z5, 1804. } of Edinkell, Robert Ro- 
bison Alex.GrahamofBallagan 

— Lurg and Luig Acre, Nf rs 

Jean Luke Do 

Do i 


James Weir, Barachan. 
James Shearer. 

Robert Pender and John 

Wm. Brown, writer, 

— — Russel 

Robert Shearer, } ; and 

—— Russel, 1 

James Smith of Czaig